Quran Chapter 17 – 61 & 62 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1823) درس قرآن
Grace given to Satan
Surah Baniii ‘Israaa-‘iil (The Children of Israel) – 17
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةِ ٱسْجُدُوا۟ لِءَادَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓا۟ إِلَّآ إِبْلِيسَ قَالَ ءَأَسْجُدُ لِمَنْ خَلَقْتَ طِينًا 61
قَالَ أَرَءَيْتَكَ هَٰذَا ٱلَّذِى كَرَّمْتَ عَلَىَّلَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ ٱلْقِيَٰمَةِ لَأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُۥٓ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا 62
|61. And when We said unto the angels: Fall down prostrate before Adam and they fell prostrate all save Iblis. He said: Shall I fall prostrate before that which Thou hast created of clay?
62. He said: Seest Thou this (creature) whom Thou hast honoured above me, if Thou give me grace until the Day of resurrection I verily will seize his seed, save but a few.
|61. Wa ‘iz qulNaa lil-malaaa-‘ikatis-juduu li-‘Aadama fasa-jaduuu ‘illaaa ‘Ibliis. Qaala ‘a-‘asjudu li-man khalaqTa tii-naa.
62. Qaala ‘ara-‘ayTaka haazal-lazii karramTa ‘alayy! La-‘in ‘akhkharTani ‘ilaa Yawmil-Qiyaamati la-‘ahtani-kanna zurriy-yatahuuu ‘illaa qaliilaa.
‘Ara-‘ayTaka – (Did you see yourself?), this word has passed in Suratul-‘An’aam. In Arabic language, it is used to draw attention of the person addressed towards any particular matter.
‘AkhkharTani – (give me grace), the word ‘akhkharta is past tense from the word taakhiir. Actually this word was ‘akhkharTanii. Last “i” has been dropped for the purpose of reduction. “ii” means “to me”.
-‘Ahtaniku – (I shall seize, I shall bring into my grasp). This word has been derived from hanak, which means “the jaw or the portion of the face from the corners of the mouth to the jaw”. ‘Ahtanaak means “to tie a rope or iron chain in the lower jaw, by which the animal is controlled. It aims “I shall control them in such a way that they will do as I shall command”.
Satan desires to keep the mankind under his control and considers that he is a contemptible thing and tries to keep him involved in evil deeds. The human beings should bear every time in mind the incident when the angels (peace be upon them) fell down prostrate on the Command of Allah Almighty before Adam (peace be upon him) but Satan refused from falling prostrate before him by telling the reason that “I am very higher and superior to mankind”.
Because of disobedience; he was accursed by Allah Almighty, and he made up his mind to ruin the descendents of Adam by bringing them into his grasp, so that he may satisfy his heart by thinking that “Really I am superior to mankind”.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).