“ALAA BE ZIKRILLAHE TATMA-INNUL QOLOOB” (Satisfaction of the Hearts is in the mentions of ALLAH ALMIGHTY)






Praise belongs to ALLAH ALMIGHTY and HE is sufficient for us.  Compliments & Peace be upon Muhammad (SallALLAHO Alaihe wa Aalehi wasallam), HIS Prophets, Messengers and chosen servants.

Every person wishes to earn Extra Money. Some of them want to become the richest in the world. Some of them desire to live in the society with honor, which is impossible without wealth & property. Some of them attempt to bring up their children to see them successful in their life. Some people are too poor to live. They need food, they need clothes and they need accommodation for themselves and their family.


They all are in search of their heart satisfaction. Their wishes have no end. There was a time when people lived in the caves. They arranged their food by hunting. They wore leaves of the plants/trees instead of clothes.


Then they ploughed earth. They got grain and cotton for their food and clothes. They made their homes with mud and bricks. They invented wheel. From wheel they invented machinery and then industry etc. But they could not satisfy their heart till now.


Each creature that is born is to die. After death he will be resurrected. He will be asked about his acts and deeds done during his first life (in this world). When he comes in this world, he weeps and the people (his parents and other near relatives) laugh and when he dies, he laughs and the people weep. He will be answer-able/responsible for his good and bad deeds on the Day of Resurrection.


For satisfaction of our hearts ALLAH ALMIGHTY commands us in his Holly Book (ALQUR-AAN), “ALAA BE ZIKRILLAHE TATMA-INNUL QOLOOB” (Satisfaction of the Hearts is in the mentions of ALLAH ALMIGHTY). It may be obtained by recitation and praying to GOD. Good deeds and honesty will bring him to Heaven. Evil and bad acts will pull him to the Hell. For proceeding to the Heaven, Faith in one GOD is needful. Detail is as under:-




I believe in:-


  •         One GOD, WHO is called ALLAH, The CREATOR.
  •         And HIS Angels (who are created from the Light).
  •         And HIS Books and Journals (which were descended by      HIM on HIS Prophets (Compliments upon Them).
  •         And HIS Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Them)
  •         And the Day of Judgment and Resurrection
  •         And Fate – good or vice from the directions of ALLAH ALMIGHTY.
  •         And Resurrection on the Day of Judgment after death.




I believe in GOD (ALLAH) as HE is known by HIS names, by HIS characteristics (virtues) and I accept all HIS orders and instructions. I promise this with my tongue and have faith in my heart.


Foundation of Islam


Islam is based on following pillars:-

  •         The Testimony, that there is none worthy of worship except ALLAH and Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is HIS Messenger.
  •         Abide by offering prayers.
  •         Fasting during the holly month of Ramadan.
  •         Paying the Zakaat (2.5% from the wealth on which one year is over).
  •         Performing the Hajj (Pilgrimage to Makka)

Collected & Written by:   Muhammad Sharif 






1.       The First Pillar of Islam 

The testimony, that there is none worthy of worship except ALLAH and Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is HIS Messenger.

The greatest blessing of ALLAH is Islam in the world. As per dictionary Islam means safety. If we want to pass a safe and satisfied life, we have to choose Islam as our religion. Because our CREATOR commands us in HIS Holy Qur’aan, “WE have completed the blessings on you and approved for you the religion Islam”.


So he, who adopts the religion ‘Islam’, is called ‘Muslim’. But know! Who is the Muslim? The person, who has become loyal to the real religion against his wishes & during his entire life, will be a Muslim. Neither does his love independent from Islam nor does his enmity independent from Islam. His prayers, his sacrifices, his life and his death (all) should be for the GOD, WHO is our MASTER, our CREATOR and WHO gives us livelihood.


The Testimony is although a collection of some words, but only a few people know the depth of its meanings and causes. These some words have changed the thoughts, the acts and characters of the human beings. Before reciting these words the person was only an animal. He was animal nature mankind, who was rebellious, cruel, disloyal and tyrant. But after reciting the Testimony, he became scared from cruelty, rebelliousness, disloyalty and tyranny. Yes, before reciting the Testimony, he was violent of the CREATOR but now he is beloved. At that time he was fuel for the Hell, but now he is a flower of Paradise.


On the other hand when a person recites the Testimony and promises that he is a Muslim, he announces that if there is any law that is law of the GOD. If there is any order, that is of the GOD. As though on becoming a Muslim he has left his independence. Now he can’t say, “This is my opinion and that is the custom of my dynasty, my atmosphere or my society. As after reciting the Testimony, he has lost his right to produce anything against the orders of the GOD and sayings of the Messenger (peace be upon Him).


He, who says himself a Muslim, should understand properly that he will remain Muslim till the time he remains bound under the limitations of Islam. Now for him it is impossible to have belief in the truth of Holy Qur’an, Sunnat [practices of the last Prophet (peace be upon Him)] and on the other hand he supposes needful to follow his sense and devil.


Every thing in the world has its own purpose. Nothing is useless, without purpose or advantage in the universe. Why water is drunk? It is used for quenching the thirst. But after drinking it still anyone remains thirsty. In that case the water is useless for him. Why patient takes medicine? He takes medicine to recover from illness. But if he still remains ill after taking the medicine, the medicine is useless for him. On it, imagine! The Testimony, as though, is nectar for the thirsty person and medicine for the patient. Alone purpose of giving the example of water and medicine is living acclamation change in the field of thoughts and acts. Till now this change has not come in our lives. If after drinking this nectar (reciting the Testimony) still the living acclamation change of thoughts and acts doesn’t come into us, then what is the difference between faith and infidelity?


So, it is learnt that the Testimony turns a Muslim towards heavy responsibility. It is the Instruction, which ALLAH gave us through the Holy Messenger (peace be upon Him). We should accept it whole heartedly. After having faith in it we should act upon this brilliant instruction with the intention of sincerity. Not only with the tongue, should we prove, but also with our acts, that if there is any law, that is only law of ALLAH which is mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan. If there is any system, that is only Divine’s law of religion. If there is any super power on the earth that is the RULER of the rulers. If there is a way to follow the foot-prints of anyone, that is the Spiritual Guide of the Prophets, Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him).


Yes, it is the first and last purpose of the Testimony, that praying to one GOD, following the one last Messenger (peace be upon Him), acting upon one, the last Holy Book “Al Qur’aan” and remaining as one nation in the world.


It is the Testimony, due to which a person has become entirely independent from the worship of hundreds and thousands of the liar gods. History tells us that ashes were enlightened with the rays of the sun due to this Testimony. The shepherd and camel-drivers that lived in the deserts became able to wear the crowns of Caesar and Kisra.

Collected from the Book “Guldasta e-Taqaarir, written by Raees Muhammad Akram and translated by Muhammad Sharif 


Satisfaction of the Hearts





1.       a.       First Pillar of Islam   – Part I    

The testimony, that “there is none worthy of worship except ALLAH (GOD)”. This is the speech which refuses all kinds of plurality of GOD completely. It gives us lesson “do worship of only one GOD”. Speech tells us if you do worship, do of ALLAH, WHO is not son of anyone, WHO is not father/mother of anyone and there is none equal to HIM.


This is the advice that GOD`s Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon them) called their followers and nations towards oneness of GOD although these were great sovereign states and super powers against one of the each Messengers (Peace be upon them) always. They, Messengers, (Peace be upon them) were tried to be stopped from conveyance of the messages of GOD.

Hadrat Abraham (compliments upon Him) was thrown into the fire-base to prevent Him from communication of the Message. Here, it is said, “unhesitatingly love plunged into the fire of Nimrod”. But, see the grace of GOD, that fire-base was changed into garden (paradise).


Hadrat Moses (compliments upon Him) was raised against Pharaoh. When tyrannies vexed a lot to the Israelite, GOD helped them to cross the river without boats and ships. Pharaoh and his army, who were following the Israelite, were drowned into the river Nile at that same time and the same place.


The GOD gave the tongue to Jesus (compliments upon Him) in the cradle to speech the truth about His innocent Mother, Hadrat Miriam (compliments upon her). The tongue for speech was given to the Jesus (compliments upon Him) at that time when none can believe the speech of so little child.


Whenever the Holy Persons, GODs beloveds drown in the commemoration of The CREATOR, they have a concept, “there is none to be worshipped but the GOD (<strong><em>laa mabooda illALLAH)”. “There is none to be intended but the MASTER (laa maqsooda illALLAH)”. “There is none existing but The LORD (laa maojooda illALLAH)”. They imagine at that time, THOU the “spiritual Guide” and THOU the ALMIGHTY, there is none spiritual guide except THEE, O! my CREATOR.


The last prophet, Hadrat Muhammad   (SallALLAHO Alaihe wa Aalehi wasallam), guides us that who speaks, “there is none worthy of worship but ALLAH (GOD)”, he will go in the Heaven. I request to quote here that in the holy time of the Last Prophet, Hadrat Muhammad (SallALLAHO Alaihe wa Aalehi wasallam), there were also some hypocrites who recited this speech “there is none worthy of worship but ALLAH” (LAA ELAAHA ILLALLAH) along with the believers. But because they were not the believers so they will not be sent to the Heaven. They will go to the Hell.


When I say, I am a Muslim, I tremble. Because I know that after reciting, “there is none worthy of worship but ALLAH”, many restrictions will be restored upon me. I should be bound to take care The Divine’s rights, I should abstain from plurality of the CREATOR, I should act upon HIS orders, I should love the servants of GOD, I should love the creature of the CREATOR. I should not dishearten anyone, I should not eat the forbidden, I should serve my parents, I should bring up my children and members of my family in a better manner, I should not make water in the way and remove the thrones remaining in the way, I should not take the interest, I should not take bribe, I should bear in mind the rights of neighbors, I should feed the hungry and so on. That is to say, that I should act upon all the orders received from my CREARTOR and instructions received through the Holy Prophet Hadrat Muhammad (SallALLAHO Alaihe wa Aalehi wasallam) with pleasure. I should have patience and not quarrel on customary things. But whenever I have to fight against the enemies of GOD, I should not run away and contest steadily. “In the company of friends be soft like silk and be steel in the battle between false & true”. I should keep in mind that murder of a person is murder of the whole humanity.


It is said, “Frighten from the wisdom of pious, he looks from the sight of GOD”. Now, a little, we should peep and see in our collars, are we really Muslims? Real Muslims are like Hadrat Umar (may GOD be agreed upon him). Who has already sent the army under command of Hadrat Saria to fight against the enemy. It is trick of enemy to hide and attack from behind the hill side. Doing so, the paces of the Muslims would be pulled out.  Now Hadrat Umar (may GOD be agreed upon him) preaching the audience in Madina, suddenly shouts “Ya Saria towards hill, Ya Saria towards hill” and Saria listens this voice in the battlefield and strengthens defence from the hill side and wins the war.


Or the Believers are like Tariq bin Ziad. With a handful army has to fight against enemy who is deployed on opposite bank of the sea. The enemy has much more worldly force and equipment comparatively. After landing on the seashore, the boats are burnt. Tariq narrates powerfully, “Enemy is ahead and the sea is on the back. Death is ahead and also on the back. If you die during fight against the disbelievers, you will be called martyrs and will go direct to heaven. If you withdraw, you will drown and die in the sea and it is suicide. If you do so, you will go direct to hell. Then dear sir! This handful army, who believed in “there is none worthy of worship but ALLAH (GOD)”, annihilated the enemy and returned with glorious victory.

Collected, translated and written byMuhammad Sharif 






1.       b.       First Pillar of Islam   – Part II    

The testimony, that, Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is GOD`s last Prophet (Messenger). In the dignities of inventions this dusty body who is called social animal, is a perfect person, a perfect man-kind. Hadrat Muhammad, Messenger of GOD (Peace be upon Him) is the most perfect eminent and complete appearance of ALMIGHTY. Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is the real Caliph of The GOD on the earth.


Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) said that first of all The CREATOR created my illumination and from my Light created the entire universe. Islamic scholars, saints, connected people and closely relaters (may ALLAH have mercy on them) are assistants and caliphs of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). Revelation inspired upon the Messenger (Peace be upon Him), Say! “If you love GOD, be loyal to me, GOD will love you”. It reveals that he, who follows the Messenger (Peace be upon Him), takes the God’s beloved rank, which is the highest place.


Perfect love with The Holy Messenger (Peace be upon Him) is the condition for perfect faith. Love will be perfect when the love with The Holy Messenger (Peace be upon Him) is more than the love with ones parents, wives, children, wealth and property. So who claims love with GOD without love with Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), is liar and he is rejected in the court of GOD.


It is said that one person requested to Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), O! Messenger (Peace be upon Him) of GOD! When shall I be a true and pure orthodox? He was replied, whenever you love GOD. He requested again, when my love will be with GOD? He was replied, when you will love HIS Messenger (Peace be upon Him). Then he requested again, when my love will be with   Messenger (Peace be upon Him)? He was replied, when you will move on the path/practice of the last Prophet (Peace be upon Him), you will love them who love the Messenger (Peace be upon Him), you will put malice against them who put malice against the Messenger (Peace be upon Him). If you love some one, have love for the sake of Messenger (Peace be upon Him) and if you have enmity with any one, have enmity for the sake of Messenger (Peace be upon Him).


Then Messenger (Peace be upon Him) said, “Faith of the people is not equal. Moreover, as much any one loves Me (Peace be upon Him), his faith will be so strong. Like this the infidelity of the people is not equal. As much someone has malice against Me (Peace be upon Him), his infidelity will be so strong. Be cautious! Who has not my love in his heart, he has no faith, who has not my love in his heart, he has no faith, who has not my love in his heart, and he has no faith”.


Hadrat Khawaja Ba Yazeed Bustami (may ALLAH have mercy on him) said, “Perfect rank of common believers is the basic rank of the pious, perfect rank of pious is the basic rank of martyrs, perfect rank of martyrs is the basic rank of faithful, perfect rank of faithful is the basic rank of prophets, perfect rank of prophet is the basic rank of messengers, perfect rank of messengers is basic rank of Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). And the rank of GODs beloved (Peace be upon Him) does not know anyone but ALLAH”.


To get favor from GOD, it is impossible without sake and support. That sake and support is kindness of the last Prophet, Hadrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). For this purpose GOD commands us in the Holy Qur’aan, “Without any doubt GOD and HIS Angels send compliments upon the Messenger (Muhammad) (Peace be upon Him), O! Believers! You also send the compliments on Him (Muhammad) (Peace be upon Him).


Hadrat Abi bin Kab (may GOD be agreed upon him) requested in the court of prophet-hood, “O! Messenger (Peace be upon Him) I want to offer compliments on you, how much should I offer”? He was replied, “as much as you can” He asked again, “should I offer compliments from 1/4<sup>th</sup> time of remaining worship and prayer”? He was then replied, “as much as you can, however if you can offer more than it, it is better for you”. He requested again, “if it is better, then why should not I offer compliments on you from half of the remaining time of worship and prayer”? Muhammad) (Peace be upon Him) said, “Your will, if you do more than it, it is better for you”. He requested once again, “2/3<sup>rd</sup> time can I offer”?  Messenger (Peace be upon Him)  commanded, “Your pleasure, if you do much more than it, it is better for you”. He requested, “O my Lord! Can I offer compliments on you whole the time instead of worship”? Listening this, the Merciful over the worlds (Messenger) (Peace be upon Him) said, “If you do so, your all acts will be corrected automatically and your all sins will be forgotten”. (Tirmzi, Mishkat)


King of Madina the Messenger (Peace be upon Him) says, O people! Without any doubt, that person out of you will be released from the fears of the hereafter and difficult paths on the doomsday, who offered much compliments upon Me (Messenger) (Peace be upon Him) in this world. On the day of resurrection some parties will come on my Tank (fountain of paradise), I will recognize them due to their offering much compliments on Me (Peace be upon Him). Commit your mind for that time when the sun will be entirely near, the earth will be so hot, like burning coal, there will be NO space to hide for anyone, no water to drink. There our Lord, Messenger (Peace be upon Him) will give water to His followers from the pond of paradise. That lucky person, who offers much compliments on the Messenger (Peace be upon Him), he will succeed in getting a draught of water. Heat of doomsday will not be able to harm him.

 Collected, translated and written byMuhammad Sharif 














It is better to be a mankind than Angels

But it needs more tendency and  labors


Hadrat Adam (peace be upon Him) to Hadrat Muhammad (SallALLAH O Alaehe wa Alehi wasallam) more or less one hundred, twenty four thousand Prophets (peace be upon them)

came in this world. Preaching of all of them was the same, “GOD is one, do worship that one GOD, which is The CREATOR of all the worlds, no devotion but for HIM, do worship that MASTER, WHO grows the grain from the mud, obey to ALLAH, WHO creates without mother Hadrat Hawwa (who is mother of all the mankind) , without father Hadrat Jesus, without father and mother Hadrat Adam (compliments on Him), WHO creates live from the dead and dead from the live, WHO is The MASTER of all the universe and worlds (the day of judgment too). Earth, skies, sun, moon, stars, animals, minerals, vegetation etc, all are created by one GOD. Every thing belongs to HIM and every thing will go back to HIM.



(WE are more nearer to the great vein of him)


ALLAH is looking everywhere, in the universe and also out of the universe. HE has no relative or partner. “There is none worthy of worship but ALLAH” meditate deeply in it. When there was nothing, there was ALLAH (GOD), when there will be nothing, there will be ALLAH. The entire universe is HIS model. Limited human mind is unable to understand the essence of GOD, though forever mankind has to try his best. So, our elders avoided to explain this fidelity and left it in abridgement.


ALLAH is incomparable and without similarity. HE is excluded from part and entire. HE has no body and organs. HE can not be divided. HE has besieged everything. He has contained every thing and HE can not be contained in any thing. HE is unlimited. HE is the Light of earth and skies.


ALLAH inclines us, “I was a hidden treasure. I wished that I would be viewed. So I created the universe”. During creating the universe, GOD made a mirror for HIMSELF, so that HE may see HIS beauty. That mirror is the mankind. GOD says, “WE produced our trust over skies, over earth, over mountains but they all frightened and denied to accept it. The mankind accepted it because he was tyrant and ignorant”.


Mankind was a collection of body and soul. Soul side was bright and body side was dark. Glass can not be a mirror until one side would be bright and the other side dark. The Angels were created entirely from the Light, earth and mountains were made of material. So those were unable to be a mirror. Only mankind was a thing which was able to be a mirror, because his soul side was bright and body side was dark. So he was chosen to become a mirror. Now he was able to be a reflector of the beauty of GOD.

It is revealed that the words of tyrant and ignorant used for mankind in the Holy Qur’aan are not for censure but are for his utmost praise which GOD has given a charter to HIS assistant, Caliph of GOD on the earth, who is called mankind. So it was necessary that the characteristics and virtues of GOD would be contained in the mankind. On being praised by the virtues of GOD he was made a mankind, worshipped of the Angels & Caliph of the GOD on the earth.

Collected, translated and written byMuhammad Sharif 





(Views of some Muslim Scholars & Mystics)


Hadrat Muhammad, The Last Prophet, (Peace Be upon Him) says, “There is a piece of flesh in the mankind’s body that is called heart. Soul is in the heart. Sirr (secret) is in the soul. Mystery (khafi) is in the sirr. Concealment (akhfa) is in the mystery. Who have knowledge; they know that ego (anaa) is in the concealment. This ego hints towards GOD (ALLAH).


Maolana Roomi (may GOD have mercy on him) says, sorrow, cent times sorrow on the mankind who has liked that food for himself which was for his ass. Namely, whose purpose of life is only eating, drinking and intercourse? He is not better than his donkey. The person who always thinks that what was entering into his belly, his cost is that thing which discharges from his belly.

Body and soul are common between both, mankind and animal. Soul is also called, the spirit, which causes the life to exist in the body and whose seat is the heart. But the person is a mankind because he has a mankindly soul, which is called spiritual soul.


Revelation of GOD

To earn is not the real purpose of the mankind. To earn or employment is to live. Purpose of living is for accessing towards GOD, to achieve HIS vicinity, HIS revelation. GOD says in HIS Holy Book, Al Qur’aan, “wa maa khalaqtul jinna wal insa illaa le ya`bodoon” (WE have created jinn and mankind, only for worship). As long revelation of GOD is not achieved till then we can’t do worship like we have to do.


So saints, the most learned persons of Islam, try to achieve position of mortality for GOD through devotions, tries and worships, where devotee is praised with the virtues of GOD. Then soundly he becomes slave of GOD. It is the place, where in the phrase of mysticism, is called eternity for GOD. Now it is found that eternity is impossible without mortality and worship is difficult without eternity. A Muslim becomes actual faithful at that time when he acquires self-purification through devotions, tries and worships. That is to say, he empowers his soul to fly towards the sacred world after purification of his soul from bodily pollutions through getting relief from selfishness, sensual-ness, love of wealth and property, greediness and temptation, being praised from love, brotherhood sympathy, faithfulness & truth, because mankind is collection of muddy body and soul.


The soul is a thing of sacred world. It attracts the mankind upward. Body is made from the mud, which pulls the human being downward. But when, by self-purification, strength of sensual wishes becomes less, afterward, soul brings the person towards sacred world easily. Person is examined by putting him in the struggle between body and soul that either he goes to the sacred world or he likes to be drowned in the inferior world. Cause of life of a person is to be examined that who has a good character, who is lover of beauty, who is fond of knowledge and wisdom. But in fact all of them are lovers of real beloved ‘GOD’. It is the intention of Islam that all these people be brought to the right & straight path.





Say, the soul is from the Order of GOD. You are given less knowledge about it’. It doesn’t mean that knowledge of the Holy Messenger, Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him) is less. It means that knowledge about soul is so vast that even You (peace be upon Him) are given much knowledge of soul but Your (peace be upon Him) knowledge about soul is very less comparatively to GOD’s knowledge. Because on this topic Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him) guides us in His (peace be upon Him) Holy sayings (Ahaadith). From these sayings we have come to know that His (peace be upon Him) knowledge about the soul was much vast. Some of Holy sayings are appended below:-

  •        Skies and earth have not too much space that GOD may contain in them. But at the other hand, HE may take place in HIS worshippers’ heart.
  •        Heart of the worshipper of ALLAH is HIS abode.
  •        Frighten from the wisdom (spiritual vision) of a believer because he observes with the Sight of GOD.
  •        GOD commands us, “whenever my worshipper wants to get my nearness by prayers, I love him. I become so near to him that he looks with MY eyes, listens to with MY ears and works with MY strength.
  •        GOD is the Light (Noor), (soul) of the skies and the earth.

It has been proved by science now that the soul is running in all things of the universe, like beasts, vegetations, fossils, minerals etc.

Collected, translated and written byMuhammad Sharif 


Part – 3, SURAH AL-BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow), Verses 253 to 286


TILKAR-RUSULU  faz-zalnaa  ba’-zahum  ‘alaa  ba’-z

Excellence Of Some Messengers Over Others

Some Messengers Were Dignified  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –253a of  286, Section –33 (Part – 3)


Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spoke, while some of them He exalted (others) in degrees.

TILKAR-RUSULU  faz-zalnaa  ba’-zahum  ‘alaa  ba’-z.  Minhumm-man-  kallamallaahu  wa  rafa-‘a  ba’-zahum  darajaat.






‘AR-RUSULU – (Messengers of God Almighty), for which the words Prophet (Rasuul (singular of Rusul), Pay-gam-bar and Nabii) (peace be upon them) are also used. Infinitive mood of Rasuul is Rasaa-lat which means office of a Prophet, Messenger-hood and conveying the Message of God Almighty. Rusul are a sacred group of Messengers who delivered the Message of Allah Almighty up to His servants without decrease and increase. 


faz-zalnaa – (We have caused to excel), its base is Fazal which means grandeur, reverence, nobility, highness, excellence and dignity. All the Greatnesses and Excellences are in the Hand of Allah Almighty. He Bestows His blessings and favors to whom He wishes. Nobody can get at his end. Wealth, personal respectability, knowledge, power of stature or family background, indeed nothing is so with the source of which somebody may achieve virtue and highness compulsorily, except that His Grandeur is attached with the person.


man-  kallamallaahu – (with whom Allah Almighty spoke), that is to say; those Messengers/Prophets (peace be upon them) who discussed and conveyed their messages directly to Allah Almighty like it was happened with Prophet Moses (peace be upon him).


God Almighty has commanded in this verse, “Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others”, for instance some are those with whom He talked directly, some of them are those to whom Message of Allah Almighty was delivered through the Angels (peace be upon them) and some Prophets are those who came only to bring to life earlier Divine. They did not come with any new Scripture.


It has come in the Holy Qur-‘an on another place, “Laa tu-farri-qu  bay-na  ‘aha-dim-min-hum” (We do not differentiate anyone between them). It aims that as far as it relates to Messenger-hood, We do not say anyone small or big. So there is no contradiction and difference between these two verses. Moreover both the verses are correct at their own places. Being a Muslim we believe that since the world has come into existence, with effect from that time the Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them) were sent in each nation and during each time till the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), they all brought the Message of One God Almighty. Message from each of them (peace be upon them) was deserving obedience during their individual times. We believe in truth of those entire Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them).   




Jesus (peace be upon him) Son Of Mary

Holy Spirit For Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him)

Messenger Jesus (Compliments On Him)  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –253b of  286, Section –33 (Part – 3)


And We gave Jesus son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. And if Allah had so willed it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them, but they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with another. But Allah doeth what He will.  

Wa ‘aataynaa  ‘Iisabna-  Marya-mal-Bayyinaati  wa  ayyadnaa-hu  bi-Ruuhil- Qudus. Wa  law  shaaa-‘allaahu  maqtata-lallaziina  mim-  ba’-dihim—mim-ba’-di  maa jaaa- ‘at-  humul-Bayyi-naa- tuwa  laa-kinikh-talafuu  fa-minhum-man  ‘aamana  wa  min-hum-man-kafar.  Wa  law  shaaa-‘allaahu  maq-tataluu;  wa  laa-kinnallaaha  yaf-‘alu  maa  yuriid.




‘Ibna-  Marya-ma – (son of Mary), it aims to declare from this word that Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him), to whom the Christians consider God or son of God, actually He (peace be upon him) is son of Mary (compliments on her). Neither He is God and nor son of God. By face He (peace be upon him) is a Mankind like other persons and He (peace be upon him) is also like other human beings in the necessities of mankind.


‘al-Bayyinaatu – (clear proofs), it signifies all those miracles and tokens which were given to Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him), looking whom each wise and justice-lover became pressed to believe in the Messenger-hood of Jesus (peace be upon him).


Ruuhul- Qudus – (the Holy Spirit), in the phrase of Holy Qur-‘an, it means Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him). Although He (peace be upon him) is very nearest Angel to God Almighty, notwithstanding He (peace be upon him) is a creature of God Almighty, and the Christians who consider him one out of three gods, take it wrongly. How an Angel can be a God?


ayyadnaa-hu – (We supported him), although Jesus (peace be upon him) was very Excellent and Proficient, even then He (peace be upon him) was a Mankind and like other human beings he (peace be upon him) was also needy of Allah Almighty for escaping from loss and getting benefits.


At the end it is told that if Allah Almighty wished, those people who had seen the bright tokens of the entire Messengers and after all Last Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon them), would not had a quarrel with each other. These people are Jews, Christians and Idolaters. Some of them embraced Islam and were entitled to get rewards, and some disagreed, remained Infidel and deserved punishment.  




Spend In The Path Of God Almighty

Spend Ere Doomsday

Spending For Good Cause  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –254 of  286, Section –34 (Part – 3)


O ye who believe! Spend of that which We have provided you ere a Day come when there will be no trafficking, nor friendship, nor intercession. And the disbelievers, they are the wrongdoers.    

Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuuu  ‘anfiquu  mimmaa  razaqnaakum-min- qabli  ‘any-ya’-tiya  Yawmul-laa  bay-‘un-  fiihi  wa  laa  khullatunw-wa  laa shafaa-‘ah.  Wal-kaafiruuna  humuz-zaalimuun.  




Razaqnaakum – (We have provided you), here bringing Himself as first person plural, Allah Almighty declared, “wealth and property, livelihood and prosperity, whichever is held with the people, that entire is given by Us and actually We have the Right to order to spend the wealth and property for the works We wish. 


Yawmun – (Day), here Yawmun means the Doomsday, the Day of Resurrection. It signifies that chance to spend the wealth for good works and collect the goodness is only in this world. After death when the Doomsday will reach, then there will be no chance for any action.


Allah Almighty has narrated many commands regarding worships and affairs in this chapter (Surah). The most difficult work in these entire acts is to sacrifice one’s life and wealth. So it has been ordered about these works over and over. Love of these two things carries the human being towards the sin/evil. God Almighty warned about the importance of Jihaad (to try and strive) after telling the story of Prophet Saul (peace be upon him) and his enemy Goliath, and ordered the people to sacrifice their lives in the way of Allah Almighty according to the commands of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Wealth and riches is required to purchase the war equipment. So Allah Almighty emphasized to spend wealth and property along-with the order for Jihaad, and declared, “O Believers! We are Giver you every thing. You should not worry for it that due to spending for good works, you will become poor, or you will not be able to save something for future. Moreover keep your mind on it that there is nothing of your own. It is only Our Giving. It should not be so that you use to collect the wealth and property due to its love and the days of grace end, because it will neither be possible at that time to purchase any goodness against this money or wealth from anywhere, nor you would be released from the punishment of sin or evil, nor recommendation of any person would be fruitful there and nor any friendship or relationship will be useful. In this world the person can get advantage either through bribe or friendship/relationship or recommendation, but on the Doomsday only personal deeds will be helpful.  





Verse About Throne Of God


Allah’s Throne  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –255 of  286, Section –34 (Part – 3)


Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His Throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. And He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.   

‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huu.  ‘Al-Hayyul-Qay-yuum.  Laa  ta’-khuzuhuu  sina-tunw-wa  laa  nawm.  Lahuu  maa  fissamaawaati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz.  Man-  zallazii  yashfa-‘u  ‘indahuuu  ‘illaa  bi-‘iznih.  Ya’-lamu  maa  bayna  ‘aydiihim  wa  maa  khalfahum.  Wa  laa  yu-hiituuna  bi-shay-‘im-min  ‘il-mihiii  ‘illaa  bimaa  shaaa’.  Wa-si-‘a  Kursiyyu-hus-Samaawaa-ti  wal-‘arz.  Wa  laa ya-‘uudu-huu  hifzu-humaa. Wa  huwal  ‘Aliyyul-  ‘Aziim .  




‘Al-Hayyu – (the Alive), it means that Allah Almighty is Alive with effect from Eternity and is Everlasting. Attribute of Life is His Personal Trait. Neither earlier He ever prevailed over death and nor ever will He overshadow it in future.  


‘Al-Qay-yuum- (the Eternal), that is to say; an Existence Who is not only Established with His Personal Nature but He is also Cause of others’ perpetuity and establishment, and has supported everyone.


Kursiyyu – (His Throne), it shouldn’t be taken from the word Kursiyyu that Allah Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) has any physical body and the Kursii is His sitting place. Here Kursiyyu means Throne, Knowledge, Sole Command, and also as Power. That is to say; Allah Almighty’s Knowledge and Sole Command is Overcoming upon the entire universe.  


yashfa-‘u  ‘indahuuu  – (he, who may intercede with Him), intercession means act of pleading /recommendation for any person. That person who intercedes is also called Shaafe’. This reality has been repeated many times in the Holy Qur’an that none will be permitted to recommend any person without His permission in the Court of Allah Almighty. And if any person will intercede, that won’t be against the truth and righteousness. This one sentence has refuted wrong beliefs of ancient nations.






Verse About Throne Of God (Part-II)

‘Aayat-ul-Kursii – (Part-II)

Allah’s Throne – (Part-II) 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –256 of  286, Section –34 (Part – 3)


Illustration Of ‘Aayat- ‘al- Kursii    

In the ‘Aayat-‘al-Kursii, there is narration about Oneness, Magnificence and Sole Command of Allah Almighty that He exists from Eternal and is Everlasting. He is Who, Who will be going on for ever. The words like Mortality, death, destruction or ruin are not for Him. He will never be perished, die or expire. There is none worthy of worship but only He (ALLAH Almighty) (GOD). He is the Owner of those Virtues that to praise any other except Him is not reasonable. He is Creator, Lord and Master of the entire creatures. He completes wants and necessities of all, and there is no partner of Him in completion of all these works. He doesn’t need any supporter or partner. He Alone manages these entire tasks and He is Well-Versed completely over them. He is the Alive. All creatures are living due to His Existence. He is the Eternal from always and will remain Eternal always. He is also cause of remaining others’ established. He never feels fatigue. Despite so vast management of the entire universe, neither He needs rest, nor does slumber overtake Him and nor sleep. He remains Watchful and Sensible always.


His circle of discretion is neither limited nor straitened, but It has circumscribed the entire universe, earth and skies. All is for Him and He has Mastery and Power of choice over everything. These all things have been fastened with His Order and He brings them in to the action as He wishes.


Having so much Powerful Mastery in Knowledge, Sole Command and Greatness, nobody can venture to intercede with Allah Almighty save by His leave. Every person is responsible for his own deeds, a mendicant or worldly person, the rich or the poor, elder or younger will get fruit of his acts (good or bad) himself (reward or punishment). Nobody might be able to share other’s load. However if Allah Almighty gives permission to someone, then he can request in His Court. He knows whatever is in any person’s mind. He is Aware of each mankind’s intentions and wills. He keeps account of goodness and badness of the entire creatures and it is very easy for Him.


None has power to acquire some part out of His Knowledge without His permission. But how much knowledge someone has gotten, that is result of Allah Almighty’s Mercy and Kindness. His Thone of Knowledge and Sovereignty has besieged the entire universe. Every thing large or small, good or bad, open or hidden is bright on Him. He doesn’t feel weariness from watching too much vast chain of creatures. This entire arrangement is very light for Him. He is Pure from any kind of defect. He is Master of all the virtues and excellences. There is no limit of His Dignity. Briefly speaking, the following virtues of God Almighty have been mentioned in the ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii:


  1.     ‘Al-Hayyu – (the Alive)


  1.    ‘Al-Qay-yuum – (the Eternal)



  1.    Laa  ta’-khuzuhuu  sina-tunw-wa  laa  nawm – (Neither slumber overtakes Him nor sleep)


  1.   Lahuu  maa  fissamaawaati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz – (Every thing is of Him and for Him whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth)



  1.    Man-  zallazii  yashfa-‘u  ‘indahuuu  ‘illaa  bi-‘iznih – (Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave?)


  1.   Ya’-lamu  maa  bayna  ‘aydiihim  wa  maa  khalfahum – (He knows that which is in front of them and that which is behind them)



  1.    Wa  laa  yu-hiituuna  bi-shay-‘im-min  ‘il-mihiii  ‘illaa  bimaa  shaaa’ – (while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will)


  1.   Wa-si-‘a  Kursiyyu-hus-Samaawaa-ti  wal-‘arz.  Wa  laa ya-‘uudu-huu  hifzu-humaa – (His Throne includes the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them)



  1.   Wa  Huwal-‘Aliyyul-‘Aziim – (And He is the Sublime, the Tremendous)





No Compulsion In Religion

Oppression Is Not Allowed In The Religion

Religion Is Violence Free

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –256a of  286, Section –34 (Part – 3)


There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is henceforth distinct from error.    

Laaa  ‘ikraaha  fid-Diin.  Qatta  bayyanar-Rushdu  minal-Gayy.       



Laaa  ‘ikraaha – (there is no compulsion), this word has been derived from karhun. The deed which is not done by own will. But there is violence and forcibility in it. That is called ‘with repression and coercion’.


‘ad-Diini – (the religion), this word is used in two meanings:


  •  Reward and punishment against goodness and badness, that is to say; exchange.
  •  Way of life (manner of conception and action)


Here the word ‘ad-Diini is used in second meaning.


‘ar-Rushdu – (The right direction, guidance, admonition). Subject of this word is Raashid, which means ‘Guided’. In this verse the meaning of ‘ar-Rushdu may also be taken as Self Islam besides its common meaning as ‘the guidance’.


‘al-Gayy – (error), ‘G-W-Y’ is its Substance, ‘agwaa has also been made from it which means ‘to seduce,  to entice, to tempt, to mislead’. Here ‘al-Gayy aims error of infidelity and ascribing plurality to God Almighty.


Religious independence of Islam has been evident from this verse. Islam bestows power of choice regarding religion to each person. It doesn’t compel anybody to embrace Islam. Islam is the duty of believers to preach, but the fact that it doesn’t allow anybody to force someone into Islam and force to convert to Islam.


Complete history of Islam is witness on this fact that the Muslims never compelled their neighbours as well as subordinate public to embrace Islam. If it would be so then there would not be the temples and pagodas along with the mosques in sub-continent Indo-Pak. There would not be temples, churches, synagogues and non-Muslims’ places of worships under the shades of imperial forts in the capitals of Muslims’ sovereignties.


It should be noted thoroughly that it doesn’t aim from it that any person is independent after embracing Islam, that he admits/believes in whatever he wishes and doesn’t admit whatever he doesn’t want.


While once someone embraced the religion Islam, now he would have to believe in all its orders and instructions. Now there is no question regarding choice of power or independence. The independence is only in embracing or rejecting the religion Islam, not in deeds. If (God forbid) becomes so, then any recognized position of the religion will not remain.






Guidance And Error

Admonition And False Belief

Direction And Going Astray 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –256b & 257 of  286, Section –34 (Part – 3)


256b. And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.


257.  Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe. He bringeth them out of darkness into light. And for those who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities; they bring them out of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein for ever.                   

256b.  Famany-yakfur  bit-Taaguuti  wa  yu’-mim-billaahi  faqadis-tamsaka  bil- ‘urwatil-wusqaa, lan-fisaa-ma  lahaa.  Wallaahu  Samii-‘un  Aliim.


257.  ‘Allaahu  Wa-liy- yullaziina  ‘aamanuu,  yukhrijuhum-minaz-zulumaati  ‘ilan-Nuur.  Wal-laziina  kafaruu  ‘aw-liyaaa- ‘u-humut-  Taaguutu,  yukhrijuuna- hum- minan-Nuuri  ‘ilaz-zulumaat.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar.  Hum  fiihaa  khaaliduun.    




‘At-  Taaguutu – (false deities, misleading, refractory, rebellious). Its substance is tagii. Taa-gii and tug-yaan have also derived from it. ‘At-  Taaguutu means that life who has discretion, is personally astray too and be the cause to lead other persons astray. 


Wa-liy- yun – (the Protecting Guardian, friend, supporter). Plural of it is ‘aw-liyaaa’. This word has been used in the meanings of companion, patron, guardian and friend.


‘Az-zulumaati – (darkness), singular of this word is zul-mat. Light and brightness may be of one kind, but the darkness has many kinds. Here it aims the darkness of infidelity, ascribing plurality to Allah, faithlessness and going astray.


God Almighty commanded in clear words, “Who will believe, as though; he will reach into light. Allah Almighty will be his Protecting Guardian and Supporter. Who will disbelieve and choose path of refractory persons, as if, he will drown in the darkness. Misled and rebellious persons will be his companions and the Hell will be his abode for ever”.






Abraham (Peace Be Upon Him) And Nimrod

Prophet Abraham And The King

Lord Is He Who Gives Life & Causes Death

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 258 of  286, Section –35  (Part – 3)


Bethink thee not of him who had an argument with Abraham about   his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom. How, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and   cause death. Abraham said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.                  

‘Alam  tara  ‘ilal-lazii  haaajja  ‘Ibraa-hiima  fii  Rabbi-hiii  ‘an  ‘aataahullaahul-mulk.  ‘Iz  qaala  ‘Ibraa-hiimu  Rabbiyal-lazii  yuhyii  wa  yumiitu,  qaala  ‘ana  ‘uhyii  wa  ‘umiit.  Qaala  ‘Ibraa-hiimu  fa-‘innal-laaha  ya’-tii    bish-Shamsi  mi-nal-Mashriqi  fa’-ti  bihaa  minal- Magribi  fa-buhital-lazii  kafar.  Wallaahu  laa  yahdil- qawmaz-zaalimiin.




‘al-lazii  haaajja – (who had an argument), the person who had an argument with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), was king of his (peace be upon him) time. The Commentators have told his name ‘Nimrod’.


There was some talk about Believers and Infidels in the previous verse and mentioned about illumination of the Light (of Belief) and darkness of the infidelity. Now some examples have been narrated in support of that verse. First instance is regarding the king Nimrod. He used to get prostrated for himself from the people due to pride of his emperor. When Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) came before him, did not bow his body in front of the king. The king Nimrod asked the reason, He (peace be upon him) told, “I don’t prostrate anyone but my Lord”. The king said, “I am the lord”. Prophet Abraham replied, “Lord is He Who gives life and causes death”. Answering this argument of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), the king Nimrod asked for two prisoners. He slaughtered one of them who was innocent and released the other who was guilty. He said, “Have you seen? I kill to whom I wish and release from death to whom I love”.


Although the king Nimrod could not reply his challenge correctly, Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) thought that the king Nimrod had not understood his reason, so he (peace be upon him) produced the proof of the sun and said, “My Lord causes the sun to rise in the East, so do you cause it to come up from the West”. Now he haughty and blockhead (king) became matchless and he could do nothing. But notwithstanding the king didn’t believe. Truly the unjust persons don’t get guidance. 





Allah Is Able To Do All Things

Example Of A Ruined Township

A Sign For Mankind

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 259 of  286, Section –35  (Part – 3)


Or (bethink thee of) the like of him, who passing by a township which had fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How shall Allah give this township life after its death? So Allah made him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He said: How long hast thou tarried? (The man) said: I have tarried a day or part of a day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for a hundred years. Just look at the food and drink which have rotted not! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a sign unto mankind, and look at the bones, how We adjust them and then cover them with flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto him, he said: I know that indeed Allah is Able to do all things.                     

‘Aw  kallazii  marra  ‘alaa  qaryatinw-wa  hiya  khaawi-yatun  ‘alaa  ‘uruu-shihaa.  Qaala  ‘annaa  yuhyii  haazihil-laahu  ba’-da  mawtihaa.  Fa- ‘amaata- hullaahu  mi-‘ata  ‘aamin-  summa ba- ‘asah.  Qaala  kam- la-bist.  Qaala  la-bistu  yawman  ‘aw  ba’-za  yawm.  Qaala  bal- labista  mi-‘ata ‘aamin-  fan- zur  ‘ilaa-  ta- ‘aamika  wa  sharaabika  lam  yata-sannah.  Wan-zur  ‘ilaa  himaa-rika  wa  li-naj- ‘ala- ka  ‘aayatal-linnaasi  wan-zur  ‘ilal-‘izaami  kayfa  nun-shizuhaa  summa  nak-suuhaa lahmaa.  Falam-maa  tabayyana  lahuu,  qaala  ‘a’-lamu  ‘annallaaha  ‘alaa  kulli  shay- ‘in- Qadiir.



 ‘al-lazii  marra – ( the person, who passed by), there are different views about that person. Some Commentators consider that he was Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him). He was a famous Prophet in the chain of Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them). His time was fifth century BC. He brought 1500 Jews to Palestine after getting them released from banishment and prison during 450 BC.


Some commentators think that he was Prophet Yarmiyaah (peace be upon them), who was also from the series of Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them) and his reign was seventh century BC.


Description Of This Example


There are different views of historians about that ruined township, which is mentioned in the above verse. However mostly scholars imagine that it was Jerusalem, which was ruined by the king of Babel (Bakht Nasr). This example has been described to show the sign of Power and Greatness of Allah Almighty. Bakht Nasr attacked on the city of Jerusalem, destroyed it and brought many people of the children of Israel making them prisoners.


When Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him) reached here after freedom from the imprisonment, he saw a ruined city in his way, the buildings of which had become upside down. Looking this he said in his heart that entire citizens of this place have died. How shall Allah give this township life after its death? So Allah made him die at the same time and his ass which was for his conveyance also died for a hundred years, and neither anybody saw them in this condition, nor information of that place spread out. Meanwhile Bakht Nasr died too and the Jerusalem was populated by some other king. After one hundred years God Almighty brought him back to life. His food and drink had lain likewise which had not rotted. His ass had died and its bones had rotted, which became alive in front of him (peace be upon him). During these one hundred years the children of Israel had gotten freedom and re-populated this city.


When Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him) died, the sun had risen, but when he became alive, the sun had not yet set. So when Allah Almighty asked him, “How long have you tarried here?” after thinking he told, “I have tarried a day or part of a day”.


In the presence of Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him) all the bones of ass assembled in its body with correct arrangement. Then Allah covered them with flesh and skin, then the ass became alive with God’s order and that stood up.   


Prophet Ezra said after looking this entire situation, “I have believed that indeed Allah is Able to do all things. Although I did know already that it is very easy for Allah Almighty to give life to the dead, now I have seen it with my own eyes”. Later on when he reached Jerusalem from here, no body recognized him because he still remained young and who were infants, they had become old.


When he caused to hear (recited) the Torah by heart, then the people believed in him. Aim to tell this story is that it is not distant from the Power of Allah Almighty to give life to the dead persons; also it is extremely easy for Him. Occurrence the Day of Resurrection is Sure, while the entire dead bodies will get lives immediately.


It should be kept in mind that the name of that city has neither been described in the Holy Qur’an, nor its aim is to mention these types of historical happenings as history, nor we recite the Speech of Allah Almighty in historical manner. Root purpose is advice and counsel. It should be kept in front every time.     




Life After Death

Bringing To Life To The Dead

An Event Of Abraham (Peace Be Upon Him)

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 260 of  286, Section –35  (Part – 3)


And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead! He said: Dost thou not believe? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste. And know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.                       

Wa  ‘Iz  qaala  ‘Ibrahiimu  Rabbi  ‘arinii  kayfa  tuh-yil-mawtaa.  Qaala  ‘awa  lam  tu’-min.  Qaala  balaa  wa  laakilli-yatma-‘inna  qalbii.  Qaala  fakhuz  ‘arba- ‘atam-minat-tayri  fasur- hunna  ‘ilayka  summaj- ‘al  ‘alaa  kulli  jabalim-min-hunna  juz- ‘an- summad- ‘u-hunnna  ya’-tii-naka  sa’-yaa.  Wa’-lam  ‘annal-laaha  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.  




Kayfa – (how), here it is clear that Prophet Abraham did not expose his doubt on becoming alive of the dead, but he asked only that in which special condition will they be brought back to life. What the particular method would be adopted to give them life again?


min-hunna  juz- ‘an – (a part of their (the birds’) bodies each), that is to say; pieces from the mixed minced-meat of those four birds.


Oneness of God and Belief in the Doomsday are those two realities, on which Foundation of Islam has been established. The person who believes in the Oneness of God Almighty can never go astray and the believer of life after death watches valid on his actions always, and tries to care and abstain from the sin and evil completely. In fact, each Believer has complete faith in the life after death and the Day of Resurrection, like this Abraham (peace be upon him) had complete faith. However, he (peace be upon him) questioned from Allah Almighty for the purpose of observation that how He gives life after death. Allah Almighty asked, “Do you not believe in it? Abraham (peace be upon him) requested, “The faith is present even up to the level of Belief till now, of course I wish only that my heart may get more satisfaction after witnessing”.  


Lord Almighty told the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), “Take four of the birds and cause them to incline with you, so that acquaintance may remain. Then mix their minced meat after slaughtering, then place pieces of that mixed minced meat of all those four birds on each hill, then call them by name staying in the centre, they will come to you in haste”. Abraham (peace be upon him) did so. When he called one of the birds, the pieces of the body of that bird assembled mutually themselves from the hills and becoming in the shape of living bird they reached near Abraham (peace be upon him). Like this all the four birds came back to life and came running near him (peace be upon him).


Some full of philosophy advices have been declared from this lesson, which are as under:


  •  The observations, which are seen by, accepted servants of God Almighty, their belief and faith increases with them.


  •  Type of question which was asked by Abraham (peace be upon him), these types of questions don’t grow due to disbelief, but in their depth passion of goodness and research is driven.


  •  Satisfaction of the heart is produced due to increase in faith.


  •  It should not be taken as impossible the coming back to life of the birds and their coming to Abraham (peace be upon him) in haste on his call. Here we discuss about a little example. Suppose! If thin pieces of iron, copper, brass and gold are kept duly mutually mixed as four different piles separately, and then magnet is put in their centre, you will see that the pieces of iron will be drawn towards magnet being separate from the four piles. Like this magnet power was held in the voice of Abraham (peace be upon him). Which bird was called by him, that bird came running toward him. Our aim from this example is that the Miracles like this are not impossible from the power of Allah Almighty.


  •  Allah Almighty is Able to do all things. Nothing is impossible near to Him.


  •  His each order and work depends on any Wisdom.


The subject which had begun from the ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii, that ends on this verse.       






Likeness Of Those Who Spend In Allah’s Way

Spend For Thee Cause Of Allah – Likeness

Reward For Spending In The Path Of God

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 261 & 262 of  286, Section –36  (Part – 3)


261.  The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah’s Way is as the likeness of a grain   which groweth seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. And Allah giveth increase manifold to whom He will. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.


262.  Those who spend their wealth for the Cause of Allah and afterward make not reproach and injury to follow that which they have spent; their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve.                   

261.  Masalul-laziina yunfiquu-na  ‘amwaalahum  fii  Sabiilillaahi  kamasali  habbatin  ‘ambatat  sab- ‘a  sanaabila  fii  kulli  sumbu-  latim-mi- ‘atu  habbah.  Wal-laahu  yuzaa- ‘ifu  limany-ya-shaaa’.  Wallaahu  Waasi- ‘un  ‘Aliim.


262.  ‘Al-laziina  yunfiquuna  ‘amwaalahum  fii  Sabiilillaahi  summa  laa  yutbi- ‘uuna  maaa  ‘anfaquu  man-nanw-wa  laa  ‘azal-lahum  ‘ajruhum  ‘inda  Rabbihim.  Wa  laa  khaw-fun  ‘alayhim  wa  laa hum  yahza-nuun.   




Allah Almighty described about His Knowledge and Power in the verse of ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii. Then we recited three stories. Allah Almighty told that Guidance and Error, Life and Death are in His Power of Choice.


God Almighty mentioned in this verse about Striving (Jihaad), virtue of spending the wealth in His Way and necessary terms and conditions about it. After telling a likeness Allah Almighty Commanded that the people who spend their wealth in His Path, Allah Almighty will give rewards duly increased manifold to whom He wills. As we see His blessing in this world in connection with products of the earth, like this He will bestow us rewards against our good actions due to His Kindness and Blessing. If we sow one seed of grain in the earth, we gain seven hundred seeds of grain, like this if God, the Most High Wills, it can be seven thousand or more. He Knows the intention of that person who spends. He is much Aware of the quantity which has been spent and which wealth will be spent in His Way honestly, He will increase its reward manifold. After that, He commanded also that, the people who spend their wealth for needy persons in the Way of Allah Almighty and neither inform (warn) them about their favour, nor torment reproaching them, nor get any kind of service from them and nor despise them, they will be given their complete reward. They neither will be sorrowful for the past nor will be afraid for their future.    





A Kind Word Is Better Than Almsgiving

Render Not Vain Almsgiving By Reproach

Don’t Destroy Your Alms

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse – 263 & 264a of  286, Section –36  (Part – 3)


263.  A kind word with forgiveness is better than almsgiving followed by injury. And Allah is Absolute, Clement.


264a.  O  ye who believe! Render not vain your almsgiving by reproach and injury,                 

263.  Qawlum-ma’-ruufunw-wa  magfiratun  khayrum-min-sada-qatiny-yatba- ‘uhaaa  ‘azaa.  Wallaahu  Ganiy—yun-  Haliim. 


264a.  Yaaa- ‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa  tub-tiluu  sadaqaati-kum-  bil-manni  wal- ‘azaa,  




Qawlum-ma’-ruufun – (a kind word), Qawl means conversation and answer, and ma’-ruuf means according to customs. It aims ‘soft and sweet talk’.


Meaning of this sentence is, “if something can not be given to someone as alms and charity, then it is better to behave and talk softly than vexing him.  


Magfiratun – (with forgiveness), its purpose is that if the needy person (beggar) begs again and again, asks for alms harshly or with un-civilized manner and way of his begging seems heavy on nature, then it is better to ignore instead of trouble him.  


‘azaa – (injury, illness, trouble), in the meaning of this word to give each type of trouble, disgrace, inconvenience, discomfort and bother are included.  


Manni – (to show own kindness and favor after almsgiving), reproach, to tell somebody off own kindness, to find fault with someone due to favor done for him.


Islam has determined very great goodness to the good behavior and almsgiving, and doing so, spending the wealth for needy persons counts as spending for the Cause of God Almighty. It was mention in its previous verse that the reward for spending one penny in Allah’s Way increases up to seven hundred manifold or more. Here another aspect of this matter has illuminated.


Allah Almighty commanded that if you cannot give something to the needy/beggar, treat him with soft conversation and excuse. It is not lawful to threaten or rebuke him. Secondly, if you show your kindness or reproach after giving alms to the needy person, entire will be wasted. You will get no reward.




Likeness Of Rendering Alms Vain

Simile of wasting the charity

How Alms are destroyed?- Example     

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –264b   of  286, Section –36  (Part – 3)


Like him who spendeth his wealth only to be seen of men and believeth not in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is as the likeness of a rock whereon is dust of earth; a rainstorm smiteth it, leaving it smooth and bare. They have no control of aught of that which they have gained. And Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.                   

Kallazii yunfiqu  maalahuu  ri- ‘aaa- ‘an-naasi  wa  laa  yu’- minu  billaahi  wal-Yawmil- ‘Aakhir.  Famasa-lahuu  kamasali  saf-waanin  ‘alayhi  turaabun- fa- ‘asaabahuu  waabilun-  fatarakahuu  saldaa.  Laa  yaqdiruuna  ‘alaa  shay- ‘im-mimmaa  kasabuu.  Wallaahu  laa  yahdil-  qawmal-  kaafiriin.    




Allah Almighty declares in this verse that who dissembles, he does not believe in Allah Almighty and the Day of Resurrection. The charity and Alms become spurious only with hypocrisy, as even he is Believer too. Restriction of belief has been expanded so that it may be known that dissembling is far from the dignity of Believer. Ostentation is suitable only according to the condition of Hypocrites and Infidels. The likeness of almsgiving was so told in the earlier verses, as any person sowed a seed of grain, seven hundred seeds produced from it. Now Allah Almighty commanded that good intention is necessary for getting increased manifold reward. If anybody gave alms and charity for the purpose of insincerity and show, then his likeness is like that seed, which is sowed on the rock, where he saw some dust of earth. However, when it rained, the rock remained quite clear and instead of growing seven hundred seeds of grain, nothing produced there. Moreover the original seed of grain also blew.


The likeness of sowing seed of grain on rock is entirely according to the proper condition of the treacherous person, because as apparently rock deceives that perhaps the seed may grow on it, like this a dissemble also gives impression to the viewers seemingly that he spends for the cause of God Almighty. Nevertheless, as internally the seed cannot grow on rock, likewise, the heart of that person becomes different from his open circumstances, and any good action can never be from his hands, because his heart is hard like a rock and cruel.


Such misled people, who tyrannize and deceive themselves, and try to deceive others, Allah Almighty will not guide them toward the straight path because they have become so strong in their intentions that they do not become ready to hear any good talk.         




Another Likeness of Spending In Allah’s Way

Spending For The Cause Of God – Another Simile

Example Of Spenders In The Path Of God    

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –265   of  286, Section –36  (Part – 3)


And the likeness of those who spend their wealth in search of Allah’s pleasure, and for the strengthening of their souls, is as the likeness of a garden on a height. The rainstorm smiteth it and it bringeth forth its fruit twofold. And if the rainstorm smite it not, then a shower would be enough. And Allah is Seer of what ye do.                 

Wa  masalul-laziina  yun-fiquuna  ‘am-waalahu-mub-tigaaa- ‘a  marzaatillaahi  wa  tasbiitam-min  ‘anfusihim  kamasali  jannatim-  bi-rabwatin  ‘asaabahaa  waabilun-  fa- ‘aatat  ‘ukulahaa  zi’-fayn.  Fa- ‘il-lam  yusib-haa  waabilun-  fatall.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Basiir. 




God Almighty has mentioned in this verse about those people who spend their wealth only for the purpose that Allah Almighty may be pleased, they may get His consent and they may prove their obedience.


Allah Almighty illustrated the likeness of those persons with the garden, which is situated on a height; air of that place is naturally witty and productive. The rainstorm smites it and this garden brings forth its fruit twofold. Moreover, if the rainstorm does not smite it, and drops only a shower, then only that shower would be enough, even then it will bring some fruit.  


Here likeness of rainstorm has been given as spending the wealth and the purpose to tell the garden on height is that his intention is entirely correct. He spends only for the Will of Allah Almighty. Therefore, if he spends his wealth very much, then its result will also be as good as the rainstorm smites the garden and it brings fruit twofold. In the form of clear intention if he spends a little, even then, he will get reward equally as due to only drizzle the garden certainly brings also some fruit.


Another reality has been described here that as the humankind inclines from badness to evil, like this, he turns with good action toward goodness and naturally, he remains steady on goodness.


Fortunate are those persons who advance toward the goodness and abstain from the badness.  


We should never forget it that the huge sacrifice of spending the wealth is wasted due to concept of in-sincerity, showing kindness and putting someone in trouble.


On the other hand a little Almsgiving brings much fruitful on the condition that purpose of it is required only to do one’s duty and pleasure of Allah Almighty.         





Likeness of Spending With In-sincerity

Spending By A Hypocrite – A Simile

Simile Of A Consumer Who Is Not Sincere    

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –266   of  286, Section –36  (Part – 3)


Would any of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and vines, with rivers flowing underneath it, with all kinds of fruit for him therein; and old age hath sticken him and he hath feeble offspring; and a fiery whirlwind stiketh it and it is (all) consumed by fire. Thus Allah maketh His Revelations clear unto you, in order that ye may give thought.            

‘A-yawaddu  ‘a-hadukum  ‘an- takuuna  lahuu  jannatum-min-nakhiilinw-wa  ‘a’-naabin-tajrii  min-  tahtihal- ‘anhaaru,  lahuu  fiihaa  min-  kullis-sama-raati,  wa  ‘asaabahul-kibaru  wa  lahuu  zurriy-yatun- zu- ‘afaaa- ‘u  fa- ‘asaabahaaa  ‘i’-saarun-  fiihi  naarun-  fahtaraqat.  Kazaalika  yubayyi-nullaahu  lakumul- ‘aa-yaati  la- ‘allakum  tata-fakka-ruun.  




Likeness of those persons has been described in this verse who spend their wealth either as almsgiving only to show the people, or after giving the alms they show kindness on those persons and annoy them physically or spiritually.


The likeness of the consumers is, as his total earning of his life, which is only a garden, which is verdant, green and full of fruit. That garden is loaded with each type of fruit. He, the owner of the garden reaches old age and cannot do the work himself. His children are still offspring, who instead of sharing their father’s troubles and pains, are burden for him. At the nick of time, when the father is very old and the children are dependents, suddenly he knows that the garden has caught fire, every thing has burnt and reduced to ashes. What will be guess at that time about grief and affliction of the owner of garden?


More than it, bad condition will be of that un-lucky person, whose eyes remained closed during his entire life due to negligence and carelessness, and opened first of all at that time when the respite of acts had entirely ended. As though, the goodness has caught fire due to his in-sincerity and his reward is ruined by chance, as this garden caught fire and his owner afflicted. Allah Almighty mentions all these likenesses, so that we meditate in to them and taking it as warning, do not destroy entire deeds at the end, which we have done.    




Spend The Good Things Out Of Earnings

Seek Not The Bad To Spend

Give The Alms Out Of Good Things    

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –267   of  286, Section –37  (Part – 3)


O ye who believe! Spend of the good things which ye have earned, and of that which We bring forth from the earth for you, and seek not the bad (with intent) to spend thereof (in charity) when ye would not take it for yourselves save with disdain. And know that Allah is Absolute, Owner of Praise.              

Yaaa- ‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuuu ‘anfiquu  min-  tayyibaati  maa  kasabtum  wa  mimmaaa  ‘akhrajnaa  lakum-minal- ‘arz.  Wa  laa  ta-yamma-mul-khabiisa  minhu  tunfiquuna  wa  lastum- bi- ‘aakhiziihi  ‘illaaa  ‘an  tug-mizuu  fiih.  Wa’-la-muuu  ‘annallaaha  Ganiy-yun  Hamiid.   




‘Al-khabiisu– (bad thing), it aims ‘rejected, inferior and useless article)


Different orders have been delivered regarding spending in the Way of Allah Almighty. It has been mentioned in the previous verses that while spending for the Cause of Allah Almighty; it should be avoided from showing and dissembling. Moreover, intent should not be also to molest the people and to cause to boast one’s bigness. To whom the charity is given, he should neither be placed under an obligation, nor to injure and despair him. Rather the wealth should be spent only with good intent and purity of heart for the Pleasure of God Almighty. There should not be any other purpose except Will of Allah Almighty.  


It has been told in this verse that agreeable and of superior quality; things out of one’s lawful and pure earnings should be given in the Path of Allah Almighty. That is to say; the remainder, stale, bad smelling, spoiled and rotten things should not be given to the poor, needy and miserable persons. However, it is fact that if any body gives you ever these types of things, you will never accept them, you will turn up your nose, knit the eyebrows, and declare abomination from it, save it is another matter that you will keep quiet due to any particular reason and overlook from it. Therefore, the bad things should never be given for the sake of God Almighty.


It is necessary that the best of all wealth and the best of all things, which you love most, those should be spent fondly in the Way of Allah Almighty. You will get more reward doing so. Allah Almighty is very Absolute from our alms and charity. He does not need these things absolutely. Nevertheless, with how much pleasure we shall spend, He will give us so more.   



               LESSON # 312 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Promises of God – Forgiveness And Bounty

Allah’s Promises And Rewards

God Gives Wisdom To Whom He Wills    

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –268 & 269   of  286, Section –37  (Part – 3)


  1. The devil promiseth you destitution and enjoineth on you lewdness. And Allah promiseth you forgiveness from Himself with bounty. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.


  1. He giveth wisdom unto whom He will, and he unto whom wisdom is given, he truly hath received abundant good. And none remember except men of understanding.       
  2. ‘Ash-Shay-taanu  ya- ‘idu- kumul-faqra  wa  ya’-murukum- bil-fahshaaa’.  Wallaahu  ya-‘idukum-magfiratam-minhu  wa  fazlaa.  Wallaahu  Waasi- ‘un  ‘Aliim.


  1. Yu’-til-Hikmata  many-yashaaa’.  Wa  many-yu’-tal-Hikmata  faqad  ‘uutiya  khayran-  kasiira.  Wa maa  yaz-zakkaru  ‘illaaa  ‘ulul-‘albaab.   




‘Al-Hikmata – (wisdom), ‘al-Hikmata also means sagacity, understanding, comprehension, knowledge and sense. Due to these meanings, philosophy and science also come for ‘al-Hikmata. Therefore, the word Hakiim will mean Philosopher. This word has been used in the Holy Qur’an at many places.


khayran-  kasiira – (abundant good, very much goodness, betterment, benefit and virtue), in this verse, to earn and spend the wealth in a correct manner, and acquire wisdom in this regard is called ‘abundant goodness.


This verse of Holy Qur’an informs the humankind about a devil’s temptation, which can become cause of prevention from spending in the Way of Allah Almighty (‘an-faaq fii Sabiil-Lillaah). In addition, it also tells its refutation and remedy. 


Love with wealth and property, inclination towards its collection and tendency towards its spending in a safe mode are weaknesses of the human being. Therefore, he can think that the entire wealth would finish due to spending for the Cause of Allah Almighty; nothing would remain saved with him. He would become poor. God Almighty stated to finish these thoughts and temptations that this teaching belongs to Satan (Devil), do not make room for Him in your heart.


Allah Almighty, the eternally Besought of all, is Most Compassionate and Bountiful. Which you have, He has given that entire and He will give in future too. So, do not frighten from poorness and hesitate from spending in His Way. Being pleased He will give you more and more.


God Almighty gives power to understand these kinds of matters and to find the underlying causes of the matters, to whom He wishes. The person, who has been bestowed with this wisdom, he is very fortunate, because it is His very great blessing and wealth.





How The Almsgiving Should Be Spent

Give The Alms To The Poor

Hidden Almsgiving Is Better Than The Published    

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –270 & 271   of  286, Section –37  (Part – 3)


  1. Whatever alms ye spend or vow ye vow, lo! Allah knoweth it. And wrongdoers have no helpers.


  1. If ye publish your almsgiving, it is well, but if ye hide it and give it to the poor, it will be better for you, and will atone for some of your ill-deeds. Allah is aware of what ye do.    
  2. Wa  maaa  ‘anfaqtum-min-nafaqatin  ‘aw  nazartum-min-nazrin-  fa- ‘innallaaha  ya’-lamuh.  Wa  maa  liz-zaalimiina  min  ‘ansaar.


  1. ‘In-tubdus-Sadaqaati  fa-ni- ‘immaa  hii.  Wa  ‘in- tukhfuu-haa  wa  tu’-tuuhal-fuqaraaa- ‘a  fa-huwa  khayrul-lakum.  Wa  yukaffiru  ‘ankum-min-  sayyi-  ‘aatikum.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Khabiir.   




Nazrin – (vow, intention, promise), according to the religious law the definition of this word is ‘to consider necessary any thing on completion of any object, which is not reasonable’. After admitting once a vow, it becomes duty and necessary to fulfill it. 


‘al-fuqaraaa-‘u – (beggars, the necessitious, the poor). Its single is faqiir, which also usually means a worshipper of Allah Almighty, a saint as well as a beggar. According to Holy Qur’an the faqiir is that indigent/poor person, whose source of income has been over.


It has been deposed in this verse that ‘whatever we spend in the Path of God Almighty or agree for a vow, that entire is held in the Sight of Allah Almighty. To intend for unlawful work, to mind vow at any unlawful place or to plan to spend on any unlawful occasion is tyrannizing oneself, and there will be neither any helper or supporter of likewise person and nor Allah Almighty will accept his deed.


In the second verse of this lesson, Allah Almighty has commanded that wishing either you publish your almsgiving and charity, or hide it and give it to the poor, Allah Almighty is aware of what you do. If you frighten that the people will misunderstand it as in-sincerity and show, then it will be better for you to hide this goodness. If you think that the people will get instigation due to publishing it, then it is well to do so before all the persons. However, acceptance of the goodness depends on intent. To spend either hiding it so that the person who takes the alms/charity, not to feel shame, or publishing it so that others also do it fondly. Both the ways are better, but regard of situation and convenience, and correction of intention is indispensable.


Full Consequence Of Almsgiving

Complete Reward Of Charity

Whole Remuneration Of Alms

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –272   of  286, Section –37  (Part – 3)


The guiding of them is not thy duty (O Muhammad), but Allah guideth whom He will. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, it is for yourselves. And ye spend not save in search of Allah’s Countenance. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged.

Laysa  ‘alayka  hudaahum  wa  laa-kinnallaaha  yahdi  many-yashaaa’.  Wa  maa  tun-fiquu  minkhayrin-  fali- ‘anfu-sikum  wa  maa  tunfiquuna  ‘illab-tigaaa-‘a  wajhillaah.  Wa  maa  tunfiquu  min  khayriny-yuwaffaa  ‘ilaykum  wa  ‘antum  laa  tuzla-muun.    




Khayrin – (good thing), the word khayr is opposite to sharr. Every that thing is included in its comprehended use, to which humankind supposes good, for instance; wisdom, morality, knowledge and wealth. The word khayrin has come at many places in the Holy Qur’an for wealth. As though, Islam does not say bad and im-pure things to the wealth and property. Moreover, It tells them as pleasant and good things. Therefore, It remembered them with the word khayrin. The evil is not in the wealth, but it is held in its unlawful collection and unlawful spending.


Hudaahum – (The guiding of them), hidaa-yat, Haa-dii and muh-ta-dii are from the same infinitive mood. This word of Holy Qur’an is a perfect word, which means ‘to find guidance, to go straight forward and to keep its footing’ (these all three things are included in the word “guidance”). 


yuwaffaa– (will be repaid in full), infinitive mood of this word is “wafaa”, which means ‘to fill up, to complete, to make up, to carry out, to keep a promise, to reimburse’.


Once again, Allah Almighty proclaims in these verses that it is the duty of Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and his followers to preach. To direct with urgency and make the people Muslims, are not their responsibilities. Therefore, they should carry on their work without thinking about result of preaching. It also comes out from this discussion that, it is not necessary that we spend only for those persons, whom we think that they will embrace Islam due to our wealth. Nevertheless, our purpose should be only pleasure and will of God Almighty in almsgiving and charity, and the person who is needy; we should make up his necessities. There should be no distinction between idolater, infidel, believer and hypocrite. Surely, you will get reward, because you spend your wealth only for Allah’s Will and Pleasure. God Almighty has promised that it will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.  


We should bear in mind entirely that which wealth we shall spend and give somebody, our aim should be to please Allah Almighty. Being separate from this way and relate it with any other name is unlawful.




Alms Are For The Poor

Who Deserves Alms                                                                     

Entitled To Get Alms                       

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –273   of  286, Section –37  (Part – 3)


(Alms are) for the poor who are straitened for the Cause of Allah, who cannot travel in the land (for trade); the unthinking man accounteth them wealthy because of their abstaining (from begging). Thou shalt know them by their mark: They do not beg of men with importunity. And whatever good thing ye spend, lo! Allah Knoweth it.

Lil-fuqaraaa- ‘illaziina  ‘uh-siruu  fii  Sabii-lillaahi  laa  yas-tatii- ‘uuna  zarban-  fil- ‘arzi  yah-sabuhumul-jaahilu  ‘agniyaaa- ‘a  minat-ta- ‘affuf.  Ta’-rifuhum- bi-siimaa-hum.  Laa  yas- ‘aluu-nannaasa- ‘il-haafaa.  Wa  maa  tunfiquu  min  khay-rin- fa- ‘innallaaha  bihii  ‘Aliim.     




‘uh-siruu – (who are straitened), here is much room in this word, that is to say; to be surrounded, wishing, either it is with regard to the time or in consideration of body. Purports are those persons, who are besieged in any deed of religion, and now they cannot earn daily food or allowance, as religious warriors. Some Interpreters have inferred those persons who are engaged in the religious teachings, and are attached as in acquiring science and knowledge that they cannot arrange for employment.


‘agniyaaa- ‘a – (wealthy, rich), this word has been composed from the word ‘ganaaa’ and its single is ganii, namely; that person who has not wealth more than his need.


It has been indicated in this verse that real worthy of the alms and charity, are those people, who have been hindered from moving, eating and earning due to being closed in the Path of Allah Almighty. Moreover, they do not disclose their necessities before any person, as lovers (Razii Allahu anhum) of the last Messenger (Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), for example; companions of (‘As-haabi) Suffah (Razii Allahu anhum) had chosen company of The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). They carried on learning the teachings of religion. Like this, some companions (Razii Allahu anhum) were busy in Muhammadan religious war against mischief-makers and seditious persons. These pious servants (Razii Allahu anhum) did not use to beg from anyone. However, their necessities might be known from their appearance and features. We should help them today too, who are learning the teachings of the religion Islam and busy in religious war in the Path of Allah Almighty, and supply their wants.               


Allah Almighty promises that ‘you will get complete reward for that wealth, which will you spend in My Way. No sacrifice of yours is hidden from My Sight’. Here also Allah Almighty has explained the word ‘Khayr’ for ‘wealth’ and determined those persons, who deserve particularly Kind Sight, who do not pursue unremittingly duly sticking, on the contrary they endure with self-respect and do not disclose their poorness.





Reward Of Spending Wealth

Remuneration Of Alms                                                                     

Compensation Of Charity                       

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –274   of  286, Section –38    (Part One-Fourth of – 3)


Those who spend their wealth by night and day, by stealth and openly, verily their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.

‘Allaziina  yunfiquuna  ‘am-waalahum-  bil-layli  wan-nahaari  sirranw-wa  ‘alaa-niyatan-  fa-lahum  ‘ajruhum  ‘inda  Rabbihim.  Wa  laa khawfun  ‘alay-him  wa  laa  hum  yah-zanuun.     




Khawfun – (fear), meaning of this word are same in Urdu just like Arabic language. However, we should bear in mind that the fear belongs to the future.


yah-zanuun – (they shall grieve), its essence is huzn, which means grief, sadness, affliction. It will be in the chain of past always. For example; someone suffered any troublesome incident, he committed a fault or mistake, then he will be grieved and dejected for a kind.


Allah Almighty has commanded that if the people, who spend their wealth and property in His Way, complete the necessities of needy persons day and night, cherish of the poor morning and evening with their alms and charity, and continue to do this goodness open and hidden, then Allah Almighty will make them rich with the future reward of this virtue and recompense them. Moreover, He will please them with His favours and honours.


We should not forget it also that reward of goodness is repaid also in this world as well as in the Hereinafter too. Probably, the Saints have made an idiom to disclose this object, “tenfold in this world and seventy-fold in the world to come will be bestowed”. Allah Almighty has promised in His Word (Holy Qur’an) that ‘you will be given complete reward and never be lessened from you.


God Almighty has described two more subjects, “there shall no fear of future come upon (these types of pious) servants and neither shall they grieve (for the past)”. That is to say; they will not deplore on the actions and deeds of the past, and as well as they will not become hopeless and desperate absolutely about their future.   




Usury Is Forbidden

Trading Is Permitted But Usury Forbidden                                                                     

Badness Of The Usury                          

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –275   of  286, Section –38    (Part – 3)


Those who swallow usury cannot rise up save as he ariseth whom the devil hath prostrated by (his) touch. That is because they say; Trade is just like usury. Whereas Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. He unto whom an admonition from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in obedience thereto), he shall keep the profits of) that which is past, and his affair (henceforth) is with Allah. And as for him who returneth (to usury), such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein for ever.   

‘Allaziina  ya’-kuluunar-Ribaa  laa  yaquumuuna  ‘illaa  kamaa  yaquu-mullazii  yata-khabbatuhush-Shay-taanu  mi-nal-mass.  Zaalika  bi-‘annahum  qaaluuu  ‘innamal-Bay-‘u  mis-lur-Ribaa.  Wa  ‘ahallal-laahul-Bay-‘a  wa  harramar-Ribaa.  Faman-jaaa-‘ahuu  maw-‘iza  tum-mir-Rabbihii  fanta-haa  fa-lahuu  maa salaf. Wa  ‘amruhuuu  ‘ilallaah.  Wa  man  ‘aada  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar. Hum fiihaa  khaaliduun.     




‘ar-Ribaa – (Usury, exorbitant interest), literal meanings of this word are access and more than enough, particularly abundance in the capital (funds). In the expression of the Religious Law of God Almighty, it means ‘interest on the real loan’ or to gain without retaliation and to want more on actual wealth. Near to Arabs, it meant that superfluous sum, which any creditor used to receive in retaliation and which is called interest now a day. Some people have begun to say it profit instead of interest. In this manner, by changing the word, the truth does not change. 


mi-nal-mass – (by (his) touch), as the senses of a humankind use to set out due to clinging of a demon.


maw-‘iza  tum-mir-Rabbihii– (an admonition from his Lord), that is to say; command that the Usury is forbidden.


maa salafa – (that which is past), it aims that which Usury has already been taken or paid before proclamation that the Usury is forbidden, that will not be called to a severe account. Minute inquiry will begin after announcement of clear orders and it has been strictly forbidden to swallow the Usury.


Badness Of The Usury


Before the verse of Usury as becoming unlawful and forbidden, Allah Almighty had explained about the excellences of alms and charity. Because gentleness arises in the matters of the poor due to alms and charity, and disgust is born against impoliteness. Many evils are removed, feelings of morality, politeness, faithfulness, causing to gain others and passion to serve the humankind spring up. Therefore, their importance declared unfolding them.


Now description about unlawfulness of Usury begins. It is totally opposite to the charity and alms. If the politeness increases due to charity, then cruelty increases due to Usury. Hence, the recitation of unlawfulness and forbidden state of Usury has come immediately after making mention about excellences of alms and charity, which is utmost suitable and opportune at its place.    


It has been told in this verse that on the Day of Resurrection Usurers will not be able to stand upright at the time of getting up from their graves. Rather they will suffer staggering with difficulty like insane and mad. We can see entirely same scene in this world. Moneylenders and bankers become lunatic behind the money. It seems that any demon or ghost has closed them by winding round. Each time they use to think about Usury.


Allah Almighty has told the reason also about the people fallen into this condition on the Doomsday. They say, “Trade is just like Usury”, as financial profit is intent in trading, just as this financial gain also remains in view in the Usury/interest. While Trading is permitted then why the Usury is forbidden, whereas they do not know that morally and economically the difference between Trade and Usury is too much as the difference between sky and earth. The moneylender gets fixed amount of Usury in each condition without fear of loss and doubt. Opposite to this apprehension of both remains ‘profit or loss’ in the Trade, and the Merchant have to spend time, hardworking and brain etc. to save himself from the loss. Afterwards the Trade uses to end or become less, but Usury increases along with delay and duration. Up to this place, that usually the Borrower reaches the situation of ruin and destruction.


If we consider a little thoughtfully about the reality of Usury, then a question will arise, “Hindmost this retaliation is of which thing? What is this ultimate except most ill looking of hanging-on? In view of this entire badness, Allah Almighty has forbidden the Usury/Interest for expedience and betterment of the humanity. In brief, its evils are as under:


Hardheartedness arises in the Usurer. His avarice increases. Due to wealth’s coming in hand without hardworking, indolence and laziness grows. Unevenness also comes due to spending the gratis wealth, and this wealth is wasted in luxuries. Habit of selfishness is born. Stinginess and reciprocal enmity runs over. Destruction and disgrace of indebted person exist beside also.


Allah Almighty commanded excusing the people that the person who abstains after listening the advice and order of determining the Usury as unlawful, his previous Usury will be forgiven. But who will not refrain, he will burn in the Fire for ever.   


The people of the world changed the names of Usury. But, how its badness and results can be changed? We, the Muslims need special attention to see in to this matter. Otherwise, Law of Islam will suffer a stain due to our behaviour and we shall not be able to escape ourselves from these badness.      




Comparison Between Charity And Usury

Equipose Of Usury And Alms

Counterbalancing – Alms And Usury                                                                                                

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –276 & 277   of  286, Section –38    (Part – 3)


  1. Allah hath blighted usury and made almsgiving fruitful. And Allah loveth not the impious and guilty.


  1. Lo! Those who believe and do good works and establish worship and pay the poor-due, their reward is with their Lord and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.   
  2. Yamha-qullaa-hur-Ribaa  wa  yur-bis-Sadaqaat.  Wallaahu  laa  yuhibbu  kulla  kaffaarin  ‘asiim.


  1. ‘Innal-laziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  ‘amilus-saalihaati  wa  ‘aqaa-mus-Salaata  wa  ‘aata-wuz-Zakaata  lahum  ‘ajruhum  ‘inda- Rabbihim.  Wa  laa  khawfun  ‘alayhim.  Wa  laa  hum  yahzanuun.         




Comparing Usury and Alms Allah Almighty has told about end of the both separately in these verses. He ordains that the Usury wishing, how much Increasing go up; its end is poorness and destruction. Allah Almighty will never prosper in it decisively. Resultant nothing accrues beside ruin from such wealth. Result of Usurer persons and nations is before us as proof. Bloodshed, ruin and destruction accrued reciprocally between them. Comparatively Allah Almighty increases the Alms and Charity, blesses them who spend, and adds their reward manifold, prosperity and independence arise because of Alms and Charity.


Then Allah Almighty dictates that He never likes Usurer, who is evildoer as well as un-grateful. He is the sinner because he tyrannizes the helpless and necessitous. And he is ungrateful because Allah Almighty gave him wealth for spending it in His Way, distribute it in the poor and indigent persons, help the necessitous people, but he becomes miser, keeps the money folding it up, looks brothers starving, suffering endurance of hunger, fluttering due to poorness and helplessness, but he does not feel pity. His heart does not perspire. Moreover, he becomes cruel and hardhearted. So, for him there is harsh threat.


Opposite to the Usurer, God Almighty described the reward also of a Believer and who performs good works, who establishes prayers, pays the poor-due and alms, that he will be given full remuneration from Allah Almighty. He will never face any kind of fear or threat. Neither he will be displeased. Allah Almighty bestow us Divine Guidance and empower us to pay the poor-due and charity. So be it. 





Give Up Usury

Let The Usury Go

Stop Lending And Borrowing Money At Interest                                                                                                 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –278 & 279   of  286, Section –38    (Part – 3)


  1. O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and give up what remaineth (due to you) from usury, if ye are (in truth) believers.   


  1. And if ye do not do so, then be warned of war (against you) from Allah and His Messenger. And if ye repent, then ye have your principal (without interest). Wrong not, and ye shall not be wronged. 
  2. Yaaa- ‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manut-taqullaaha  wa  zaruu  maa  baqiya minar-Ribaaa  ‘in-kuntum-  Mu’-miniin.


  1. Fa- ‘illam  taf- ‘aluu  fa’-zanuu  bi-harbim-minallaahi  wa  Rasuulih.  Wa  ‘in- tubtum  fa-lakum  ru- ‘uusu  ‘amwaalikum.  Laatazlimuuna  wa  laa  tuzlamuun.          




maa  baqiya – (that which remained), it means that, the usury you have received before this order, that is forgiven. After that, you will not recover usury in future. You will be able to get the principal only.  


Harbun – (war), warning of war against Usurers from Allah and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) means that they should be included in the list of enemies of Islam.


ru- ‘uusu  ‘amwaalikum – (your principal (without interest), it is also called capital and a principal sum.


Following orders have been delivered in these verses:


  1. The interest, you have taken before its prohibition that is enough. But, give up that, which has increased after the restriction of usury.


  1. If you do not do so, then be warned of war (against you) from Allah and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). You will be treated just like the rebels and renegades.


  1. It will be tyranny also if you demand the increased usury after its prohibition.


  1. If the indebted person deducts that sum of interest at the time of returning the principal, which you have already taken, then it will be violence.


  1. Do not demand the principal sum immediately, if the indebted person is very poor. However, give him some time so that he may be able to return the principal sum.  


Now imagine; how much severely the usury has been forbidden? After so clear orders, if any person publishes any form of lawfulness about the interest/usury and does not refrain from the business of interest, then think, “Is he not rebel of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)? 





Concession To The Distressed

Regard Of The Poor

Showing Favor In Poverty                                                                                                 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –280 & 281   of  286, Section –39    (Part – 3)


  1. And if the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then (let there be) postponement to (the time of) ease. And that ye remit the debt as almsgiving would be better for you if ye did but know.


  1. And guard yourselves against a Day in which ye will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that which it hath earned, and they will not be wronged.
  2. Wa  ‘in-kaana  zuu- ‘us-ratin  fa-nazi-ratun  ‘ilaa  maysarah.  Wa  ‘an-  tasaddaquu  khayrul-lakum  ‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun.



  1. Wattaquu  Yawman-turja- ‘uuna  fiihi   ‘ilallaah.  Summa  tuwaffaa  kullu  nafsim-maa  kasabat  wa  hum  laa-  yuzlamuun. 





Verse # 275 to onward the orders regarding Interest were being described. Until now, it has been mentioned clearly that the Usury is forbidden. The people, who do the business of interest, whenever (on the Day of Resurrection) they will attend the Court of Allah Almighty, their condition will be like the mad. They will not be able also to stand fairly. Allah Almighty affirmed taking the job upon his Divine to forgive all at once the entire previous corruptions, and strictly urged that this business should be finished completely in future. The necessities of the needy persons should be completed with alms and charity in place of interest/usury. He also commanded that if not anybody would refrain even now, then it would be understood that he is rebel of God Almighty. Therefore, he should be ready for war with Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).


These verses are after those commands and guidance, which are part of this lesson. It is the Divine’s Description, “Give time till his easy circumstances and expansion, if the debtor is poor. So that he may return the principal easily. But, it is much better to forgive him, who can not pay”. This incitement of forgiveness has been told in the words, “And if you remit the debt as alms-giving, it would be better for you”. 


‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun  – (if you did but know), it is considerable that apparently the benefit of forgiveness will get the debtor, whereas, Allah Almighty commands, “‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun”  (if you have understanding), then its benefit is really to you. 


At the end Allah Almighty put us in perception of perfect God-fearing and liability of our deeds on the Day of Resurrection in the words, “guard yourselves against a Day in which you will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that which it has earned, and they will not be wronged”.




To Be Reduced To Writing Agreement


Orders For Witness                                                                                                 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –282  of  286, Section –39    (Part – 3)


O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one of the two erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! It is a sin in you. And observe your duty to Allah. And Allah is teaching you. And Allah is Knower of all things.   

Yaaa- ‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuuu  ‘izaa  tadaa-yantum-bi-daynin  ‘ilaaa  ‘ajalim-musam-man-  faktubuuh.  Wal-yaktub-  baynakum  kaatibum-  bil- ‘adl.  Wa  laa ya’-ba  kaatibun  ‘any-yaktuba  kamaa  ‘allama-hullaahu  fal-yaktub.  Wal-  yumli-lillazii  ‘alayhil-haqqu  wal-yattaqil-laaha  Rabbahuu  wa  laa  yab-khas  minhu  shay- ‘aa.  Fa- ‘in-  kaanallazii  ‘alayhil-haqqu  safii-han  ‘aw  za- ‘iifan  ‘aw  laa  yas-tatii- ‘u  ‘any-yumilla  huwa  fal-yumlil  waliyyuhuu  bil- ‘adl.  Wastash-hiduu  shahii-dayni  mir-rijaalikum.    Fa- ‘illam  ya-kuunaa  rajulayni  fa-rajulunw-wamra- ‘ataani  mimman-  tarzaw-na  minash-shuhadaaa-‘i  ‘an-tazilla  ‘ih-daahumaa  fatuzak-kira  ‘ih-daahumal- ‘ukhraa.  Wa  laa  ya’-bash-shuhadaaa-‘u  ‘izaa  maa  du-‘uu.  Wa  laa  tas-‘amuuu  ‘an  taktubuuhu  sagii-ran  ‘aw  kabiiran  ‘illaaa  ‘ajalih.  Zaalikum  ‘aqsatu  ‘indallaahi  wa  ‘aqwamu  lish-shahaadati  wa  ‘adnaaa  ‘allaa  tartaabuuu  ‘illaaa  ‘an-takuuna  tijaaratan  haaziratan- tudiiruunahaa  baynakum  fa-laysa  ’alaykum  junaahun  ‘allaa  tak-tubuuhaa.  Wa  ‘ash-hiduuu  ‘izaa  tabaaya’-tum.  Wa  laa yu-zaaarra  kaatibunw-wa  laa  shahiid.  Wa  ‘in-taf-‘aluu  fa- ‘innahuu  fusuuqum-bikum.  Wattaqullaah.  Wa  yu- ‘allimu-kumullah.  Wallaahu  bi-kulli  shay- ‘in  ‘Aliim.





Daynun – (a debt), in the Arabic language daynun is called the matter in which the payment in exchange is not made at the spot.


‘ilaaa  ‘ajalim-musam-man – (for a fixed term), the doctors of religious law have taken point from it that the term (date and time of returning the amount) of debt should be fixed and very clear. It should not remain in doubt.


At first Holy Qur’an described the orders regarding excellence of alms and charity, then interest, its prohibition and badness. Now it is mentioned about debt and such merchandise in which there is a promise of any particular term. Possibility to forgetfulness, error and omission remains always. So, such matters should be written and governed, that anyone may not reach the point of quarrel. The scribe should not fall short in writing. It is more suitable if the indebted person writes with his own hand or tells to the scribe with his own tongue and he should tell without increase or decrease of other’s right. If he who owes the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity.


This verse is the longest one in the Holy Qur’an. After telling the matters of debt to be in writing, now it commands, “Call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses besides being reduced to writing the agreement”. If two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as you approve as witnesses, so that if the one of the two errs (through forgetfulness) the other will remember her. Along with this, the witnesses are being instructed that they must not refuse when they are summoned, because it is sin.


To bring the statement in writing it is emphasized, “Be neither averse nor delay to write down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. It is universal truth that the demands of soundness and equity cannot be completed without it.


‘aqsatu – (more equitable), this word has been derived from Qist, which means equity, justice. From this is the word Muqsitun, that is Adjective of Allah Almighty, which means A Judge.


‘aqwamu – (Who keeps More Extent), the words Qiyaamun, Qawwaamun and Qayyimun etc have come out from its essence. ‘aqwamu means Who keeps every thing proper (best of all).


tijaaratan  haaziratan – (the merchandise which you transfer among yourselves from hand to hand). That is to say; it would not be on debt or promises, but it would be hand-to-hand. In that case, it is no sin for you if you do not write it.


Like this, it is also necessary for the scribe and witnesses that they should act according to justice; they should not try to harm someone. Otherwise, they will be sinners.  




Instructions For The Pledge

Directions Regarding Pawn

To Coney For Securing Debt – Guidelines                                                                                                 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –283  of  286, Section –40    (Part – 3)


If ye be on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then a pledge in hand (shall suffice). And if one of you entrusteth to another let him who is trusted deliver up that which is entrusted to him (according to the pact between them) and let him observe his duty to Allah, his Lord. And hide not testimony. And he, who hideth it, verily his heart is sinful. And Allah is Aware of what ye do.     

Wa  ‘in-kuntum  ‘alaa  safarinw-wa  lam  taji-duu  kaatiban  fari-haanum-maq-buuzah.  Fa- ‘in  ‘a-mina  ba’-zukum  ba’-zan-  fal-yu- ‘addil-lazi’-tumina  ‘amaanatahuu  wal—yatta-qillaaha  Rabbah.  Wa  laa  taktumush-shahaadah.  Wa  many-yaktumhaa  fa- ‘innahuuu  ‘aa-simun-  qalbuh.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  ‘Aliim.  





ri-haanun (the things, which are pledged), the word rehn is also in common use in Urdu language. That is to say; to give something (like property, a house or assets etc) to the lender in connection with debt as part of the loan trust.


Particularly it should bear in mind that getting advantage from the thing, which has been pledged, is prohibited. If the creditor will acquire gain from the pawned thing, then it will be equal to the Interest, and according to the Divine Law, it is unlawful. Mortgage can be kept only as surety, not for getting advantage.


yu- ‘addu – (todeliver up), this word has been derived from ‘adaa-‘un which means ‘to reimburse’, to pay, to complete.


Last Instructions in connection with inscription and evidence have been delivered in this verse. God Almighty Commanded, “If you are in the condition of journey, you do not know how to read and write, any other scribe is also not available, then! Pledge something in this condition. He should return that thing or property committed to the trust honestly, with whom the pledged thing or trust has been deposited.


Once again it has been emphasized besides this, “Never hide the evidence, otherwise you will become sinner. Allah Almighty Knows your each act and motion”. 




Allah Will Bring You To Account                                                

God Will Settle Your Accounts

Lord Will Take An Account Of Your Conduct                                                                                                 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –284  of  286, Section –40    (Part – 3)


Unto Allah (belongeth) whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And whether ye make known what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and He will punish whom He will. And Allah is Able to do all things.     

Lillaahi  maa  fis-samaa-waati  wa  maa  fil-’arz.  Wa  ‘in-  tubduu  maa  fiii  ‘an-fusikum  ‘aw  tukh-fuuhu  yuhaa-sibkum-  bihillaah.  Fa-yag-firu  limany-yashaaa- ‘u  wa  yu- ‘azzibu  many-yashaaa’-  Wallaahu  ‘alaa  kulli  shay-‘in- Qadiir.   





Last chapter (Rakuu’) of Surah (Division) Baqarah (The Cow) begins from this verse. It is Style of Explanation of the Holy Qur’an that original sense of each Surah is repeated at its end. Moreover, at the end of each verse, any particular word comes out of the Virtues of Allah Almighty, which manifests the text of entire verse. In addition, this matter is also included in the arrangement of Speech of Allah Almighty that It describes over and over in between the different orders and instructions as Belief in Allah, Fear of God and Faith in the Day of Resurrection.


In this connection, more part is extending over the financial matters. In the beginning, emphasis and incitement is for spending in the Way of Allah Almighty. The badness has been indicated after describing the matter through different likenesses in a pleasant manner, which is the biggest stoppage in this Path of Goodness. That is to say, unlawful earning in the shape of Usury Business, besides this, turning in Trading and dishonesty make a man hardhearted and unfortunate. Therefore, evidence and to be reduced to writing (an agreement, etc) are determined particularly necessary.


At the end, it is commanded that the entire property, assets and wealth, creatures of the world – earth and skies are for Allah Almighty. If you will spend something for His pleasure and in accord with His order, then there is neither any beneficence of yours, nor you will face any kind of shortage in your wealth. He will bring you to account for your external, internal and every thing. He has fully control over freedom and torment, and He is Able to do all things.      




The Parts Of The Belief                                                


Parts Of The Faith                                                                                                 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –285  of  286, Section –40    (Part – 3)


The Messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believeth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers. We make no distinction between any of His messengers. And they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and unto Thee is the journeying.         

‘Aa-manar-Rasuulu  bi-maaa  ‘un-zila  ‘ilay-hi  mir-Rab-bihii wal-Mu’-minuun. Kul-lun  ‘aa-mana  bil-laahi  wa  ma-laaa- ‘ikati-hii  wa  kutubihii  wa  rusulih.  Laa  nufarriqu  bay-na  ‘ahadim-mir-rusulih.  Wa  qaaluu  sami’-naa  wa  ‘ata’-naa.  Gufraanaka  Rabbanaa  wa  ‘ilaykal-masiir.





‘Aa-manar-Rasuulu – “The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) believed”. First Believers in their Prophet-hood are the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) themselves.


‘aa-mana  bil-laahi – (believed in Allah), intention to believe in Allah Almighty is that to confirm, to attest, to verify His Oneness, Virtues and Good Manners.


According to the narrations, purpose to reveal this verse is that, when the verse before it was revealed, “And whether ye make known what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it”, then the Companions (razii-Allaahu ‘anhum wa  ra-zuu ‘Anhu) of the last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon Him) frightened and were confounded. They made mention to the Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon Him), then He (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon Him) commanded, “Quuluu  sami’-naa  wa  ‘ata’-naa”(Say: We hear, and we obey) that is to say; Do not hesitate a particle too to admit the orders of Allah Almighty, as you see much difficulty or intricacy in His Commands and Instructions. Moreover, be ready to obey with stability.


The Companions (razii-Allaahu ‘anhum wa  ra-zuu ‘Anhu) obeyed the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon Him), then following speech was current on their tongues impatient, “We believed in Allah and we obeyed His orders. That is to say, we are ready to obey and act upon the commands of Allah Almighty without any care. Allah Almighty liked it very much and then this verse was revealed, which is mentioned in this lesson.


God Almighty praised the Belief of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon Him) and his Companions (razii-Allaahu ‘anhum wa  ra-zuu ‘Anhu), due to which their hearts satisfied. The Companions (razii-Allaahu ‘anhum wa   ra-zuu ‘Anhu) said, “We make no distinction between any of His messengers (peace be upon them)”, moreover we admit all of them as the Prophet and Messenger of God Almighty, not that we believe in some of them and do not believe in others. We have complete faith that we have to return to You and attend Your Court. This perception of responsibility before Allah Almighty teaches the humankind goodness and fear of God Almighty.







BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –286  of  286, Section –40    (Part – 3)


Allah tasketh not a soul beyond its scope. For it (is only) that which it hath earned, and against it (only) that which it hath deserved. Our Lord! Call us not to account if we forget, or miss the mark, our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as Thou didst lay on those before us! Our Lord! Impose not on us that which we have not the strength to bear! And pardon us, and absolve us and have mercy on us. Thou, art our Protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving folk.           

Laa  yukalli-  fullaahu  naf-san  ‘illaa  wus- ‘ahaa.  Lahaa  maa  kasabat  wa  ‘alay-haa  mak-tasabat.  Rabbanaa  laa  tu- ‘aa- khiznaaa  ‘in-nasiinaaa  ‘aw  ‘akhta’-naa.  Rabbanaa  wa  laa  tahmil  ‘alay-naaa  ‘isran-  kamaa  hamaltahuu  ‘alal-laziina  min-qab-linaa.  Rabbanaa  wa  laa  tuhammil-naa  maa  laa  taaqata  lanaa  bih.  Wa’-fu  ‘annaa,  wag-fir-lanaa,  war-ham-naa.  ‘Anta  Mawlaa-naa  fan-sur-naa  ‘alal-qaw-mil-Kaafiriin.   





It is the last verse of this Surah. Allah Almighty commanded that retaliation (reward) or punishment would be awarded to every person corresponding to his/her actions, behavior and conduct. If any person did goodness, he/she will surely receive its remuneration, and if anybody did badness, evil or sin, certainly he/she will be awarded its punishment. Then Allah Almighty preached following supplications: 


  1. Rabbanaa  laa  tu- ‘aa- khiznaaa  ‘in-nasiinaaa  ‘aw  ‘akhta’-naa. (Our Lord! Call us not to account if we forget, or miss the mark).


  1. Rabbanaa  wa  laa  tahmil  ‘alay-naaa  ‘isran-  kamaa  hamaltahuu  ‘alal-laziina  min-qab-linaa.(Our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as You placed on those before us).


  1. Rabbanaa  wa  laa  tuhammil-naa  maa  laa  taaqata  lanaa  bih. (Our Lord! Impose not on us that which we have not the strength to bear).


  1. Wa’-fu  ‘annaa,  wag-fir-lanaa,  war-ham-naa. (And pardon us, and absolve us and have mercy on us).


  1. ‘Anta  Mawlaa-naa  fan-sur-naa  ‘alal-qaw-mil-Kaafiriin. (You are our Protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving folk).


‘Aamiin. (Our Lord! So kindly be it).


Surah ‘Al-Baqarah, which is the longest Surah of Holy Qur’an, ends after above supplications.



Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)

Part – 2, SURAH AL-BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow), Verses 142 to 252 (Lesson 143 – 295)




PART – 2

Praise belongs to Allah Who is Sufficient for us. And, may glory, grace, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon His chosen servants. fa-‘uu-zu  billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. Bis-millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim. Assalaam o Alaikum wa RahmatUllah i wa Barakatuhuu.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Qiblah Of The Muslims  

Verse –142 of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And the foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblah which they formerly observed? Say: Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path. SA-YAQUULUS-SUFA-HAAA-‘U  minan-naasi maa wallaahum ‘an- Qiblati-himul-latii kaanuu ‘alayhaa. Qul-lil-laahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib. Yahdii many-yashaaa-‘u ‘ilaa Siraatim- Mustaqiim.



As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas – (the foolish of the people) Sufa-haaa is plural of the word safiah that means childish, low, stupid, foolish. So aim of the As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas is the people who protest and criticize the Orders of the God Almighty. Here it is indicated towards the children of Israel.

Qiblah – The thing which is in front, that is to say, the direction and place turning towards which the prayers are offered and worship is done, namely Centre of Attention, side and direction to turn for worship. The Qiblah of the children of Israel was the Temple or city of Jerusalem. Till the time the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) remained in Makkah, He used to turn His face towards Jerusalem. After migration He continued that Qiblah. But He desired over and over to make His Qiblah to the Khana Ka’-ba which was constructed by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) in Makkah. But He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was waiting the order of the God Almighty. At last He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was commanded to change the Qiblah after migration to Madina passing sixteen or thirteen months.

When the children of Israel knew about change of Qiblah, they persecuted in opposition of it. They criticized of various sorts that formerly they used to offer their prayers turning towards the first Qiblah (the Temple or city of Jerusalem) which was the Qiblah of the old times Prophets (peace be upon Them). What happened with them now that have left that Qiblah, they have made the Ka’-ba as their Qiblah. Some of them used to say that it has been done duty to jealousy and enmity of the children of Israel.

The Holy Qur’an replied their objections, “O Messenger! Tell them that we have not changed the Qiblah due to jealously or bigotry, but it has been changed with the order of Allah Almighty.

The East or the West, each direction is of Allah Almighty. Every thing of each direction is in His Control and Knowledge. Guidance is also with Him. He bestows with His Guidance and Message to whom He desires.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

A Temperate And Middle Nation  

Verse –143a of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the Messenger may be a witness against you.

Wa kazaalika ja-‘alnaa-kum ‘Ummatanw- Wasatal-li-takuunuu shuha-daaa-‘a ‘alan-naasi wa yakuunar-Rasuulu ‘alaykum Shahiidaa.



Wasatan – (Moderate; temperate) it means that the Muslim nation is on right straight path. It has not any crookedness, abundance or deficiency. Teaching of Islam is self-control in behavior. The Followers of Islam are the temperate. They are appointed on acceptance of the middle path leaving all kinds of increases and decreases.

Shahiidun – (Witness) this word is also matter of the words Shaahid and Shahaadat. Shaahid means witness and Shahaadat means Evidence. Technically this word is also used for the killed, martyr in the path of God Almighty. In this verse its meaning may also be taken as ‘Watching’.

Excellence and superiority of the Muslim nation has been declared in this verse. The God Almighty commands, “O Muslims! As your Qiblah is the most excellent than other Qiblahs, like this We have bestowed you merit over all other nations, and your Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has been selected most superior over all other Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them).

It has come in the Sayings of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that on the Judgment Day, when all previous nations will be asked about their acts, at that time the Muslim nation will verify the claim of previous Prophets (peace be upon Them) in the light of the teachings of Holy Qur’an and witness that these all Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) came towards their nations and conveyed them the Message of Allah Almighty. But these people did not agree to their Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them).

The Muslim nation has been prepared in the both capacities of model individually and collectively for the entire world. Each nation of the world should rise and mould to the situation of this standard. Auspicious Personality of the Blessed Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has capacity of being an example and model roll for the Muslims. This lesson also results from this verse that we should establish ourselves as model roll for other nations of the world. We should escape ourselves from moral lowness in all respects and never choose the path which differentiates our recognized position. To get this object we should keep the pattern of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) in front of us forever. Being a middle nation we should escape ourselves from all kinds of abundance and decrease so that we may be able to keep the honor of the title of “a middle nation”.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Philosophy In Change Of Qiblah   

Verse –143b of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the Messenger, from him who turneth on his heels.

Wa maa ja-‘alnal-Qiblatal-latii kunta ‘alayhaaa ‘illaa li-na’-lama many-yattabi-‘ur-Rasuula  mim-many-yanqalibu ‘alaa ‘aqibayh.



Li-na’-lama – (that We might know) the word ilm (knowledge) is used here only for distinction, identification and recognition.

It was the blessed habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that in which matter there was no instruction from the God Almighty, in that matter He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to choose the manner of former Prophets (peace be upon Them), for instance the pray had become duty to offer, but there was no clear order available regarding Qiblah. The Messenger of Allah Almighty used to offer prayers turning towards the Temple of Jerusalem, which was the Qiblah of the children of Israel. It has also known clearly from the words of this verse ‘Wa maa ja-‘alnaa’ that in the beginning to face towards the former Qiblah was with the sanction of God Almighty. When He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) migrated from Makkah to Madina, even then the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Maqaddas) also remained Qiblah. But after a period of nearly sixteen months the God Almighty ordered to change the Qiblah and the Ka’-ba was appointed as Qiblah of the Muslims.

The God Almighty commands in this verse, “It was the purpose to keep the Qiblah to Bayt ul Muqaddas (the Temple of Jerusalem) temporarily for a short time so that the Obedient and the Violent may be separated”.

The Idolaters of Makkah were not convinced for reverence of the Qiblah as the Temple of Jerusalem. So it was a clear sign of embracing Islam in Makkah that each person has to offer his prayers turning towards the Temple of Jerusalem. Near to the Jews and the Christians of Madina, the Temple of Makkah had no honor. So in Madina it became the sign of embracing Islam that the prayer should be offered facing towards the BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba), the Temple of Makkah. Here upon it became easy to make a distinction between the Muslims and the Non-Muslims.

If the Temple of Makkah were Qiblah instead of the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Muqaddas) during the life in Makkah then perhaps the people of Makkah might consider it as a kind of flattery and they might embrace Islam due to their own country’s Qiblah instead of taking this religion as the Order of God Almighty. Thus Islam is pure from all these objects. Teaching of the religion is not for favor of any particular nation or race. Islam has come for the entire world and its teachings are for the entire nations.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Faith Does Not Lose  

Verse –143c of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. And it is not Allah’s purpose that your faith should be in vain. For Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful towards mankind.

Wa ‘in- kaanat lakabiiratan ‘illaa ‘alal-laziina hadallaah. Wa maa kaanallaahu liyuzii-‘a   ‘iimaanakum.  ‘Innallaaha bin-naasi la-Ra-‘uu-fur-Rahiim.



BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba), the Temple of Makkah is the most sacred place. It is the oldest and holy place of worship between the Mosques and Temples of the world. Due to native reliability it was the most respectable place near to the Arabians. But the prayers were offered facing towards the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Muqaddas) during the life of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) in Makkah. It was a big trial for the patriot Arabs. It was much arduous and weighty for those people to make the Qiblah to the Temple of Jerusalem. The Arabians and the Quraish were Speakers of the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). So they also used to respect the Ka’-ba, the Temple of Makkah, and dislike to deem the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Muqaddas) as Qiblah.

The God Almighty commanded that this test and trial was not heavy for those people who were shown Guideline by Allah Almighty and they were aware of its philosophy. They took it as that the Prophet of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has been sent as Prophet for the entire world. To make Qiblah to Bayt ul Muqaddas did not astonish them. But they leaned in front of Allah Almighty without dispute and came out with great success in this trial.

When again the BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba), the Temple of Makkah was appointed as Qiblah then many people had doubt that the prayers offered turning towards Bayt ul Muqaddas have been wasted and particularly those Companions of the Holy Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who have died before the change of Qiblah, remained in the loss. The God Almighty cleared their doubt and commanded that the actual thing is obedience. Bayt ul Muqaddas was also appointed Qiblah with Our Orders. So the people who offered their prayers turning to words that Qiblah, will not be given loss for their any good act, future reward of their virtues is established. Allah Almighty is extremely Kind and Merciful over the human beings. He does not waste any virtue of any person.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Desire Of The Messenger Of God

(glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) 

Verse –144a of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


We have seen the turning of thy face to heaven (for guidance, O Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) towards a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward Inviolable Place of Worship.

Qad naraa taqalluba waj-hika fis-samaaa’; falanuwalli-yannaka Qiblatan- tarzaahaa. Fa-walli wajhaka shatral-Mas-jidil-Haraam.



Qiblatan- tarzaahaa – (towards a qiblah which is dear to thee), Qiblah (Centre of attention, turning towards the direction or place for worship). It has already been explained earlier. Tarzaahaa (which is dear to you) it signifies towards Kahana Ka’-ba which was constructed by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and that was the favorite place of worship for all the Arabs.

Wajhaka – (Thy face) literal meaning is only face or mouth but the entire body is included in it. Here it means attention, wish, liking and fondness.

Al-Mas-jidil-Haraam – (Inviolable Place of Worship) Respectable and Glorious Mosque that is to say The Greatest Mosque of Makkah in which the Khana Ka’-ba is situated. First Drawing of the Present Building of this Mosque was prepared during the time of Caliph Mehdi Abbasi. There are large and magnificent courtyards on its four sides. This Building has forty one doors, six Minarets and one hundred fifty small and large Domes.  It is called Masjid-i-Haraam (Inviolable Place of Worship). To wage a war or go hunting is forbidden (unlawful) here.

Actual Qiblah of the Muslims was the Khana Ka’-ba which was the Qiblah of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). Only for a little time the Bayt ul Muqaddas was appointed as Qiblah for trial. The children of Israel used to reproach, “While the Divine of Muslims is different from us and is conformity to the religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) then why they fix upon our Qiblah? The Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to desire that the Khana Ka’-ba be appointed as Qiblah by the Order of God Almighty so that we may offer prayers turning toward the Khana Ka’-ba. He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to look towards the sky over and over waiting for the revelation through the Angel (peace be upon Him). This condition is being stated in this verse.

The God Almighty completed His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) this desire and commanded, “And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) towards a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward Inviolable Place of Worship”. When it was ordered to change the Qiblah, at that time He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was offering Zohar prayer. Two Rak-‘at of the prayer had been offered, during their faces toward the Temple of Jerusalem. During offering the prayer He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His followers turned their faces towards the Khana Ka’-ba and completed remaining two Rak-‘ats. That Masjid of the Madina is called Masjid Qiblatayn.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Khana Ka’-ba Became Qiblah  

Verse –144b of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And ye (O Muslims), wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray) toward it. Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this Revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is not Unaware of what they do.

Wa hay-su maa kuntum fawalluu wujuuhakum shatrah. Wa ‘innal-laziina ‘uu-tul-Kitaaba laya’-lamuuna ‘an-nahul-haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘am-maa ya’-maluun.



It has been mentioned earlier that the children of Israel and the Christians used to consider themselves on the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and said that they were out of the children of Them so they did not need to embrace any new religion. The Holy Qur’an proved wrong their saying after providing correct knowledge about the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). Moreover He was steady on pure Unity and was sacred from the Plurality. If the Jews and the Christians say themselves the followers of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) then they should fix upon the Straight Path explained by the Islam leaving all other paths. They should catch the Law of good acts and Oneness with durability because it was the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).

After it the Holy Qur’an commands that due to the Prayer of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) the Last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was sent in this world and this nation (Muslim) stood firm due to His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) teachings. So the spiritual and group centre of this nation will be the same as of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), that is to say Khana Ka’-baBaytul Muqaddas was only temporary Qiblah. Khana Ka’-ba is appointed as the Qiblah of the Muslims. Wherever will be the Muslims, wishing either in the journey or at home, either in the city or in jungle, either in forest or in the desert, either in the vicinity of Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjidi-Haraam) or in the surroundings of Baytul Muqaddas, means in each condition they will turn their faces towards the Ka’-ba.

Along-with it the God Almighty also commanded, O Muslims! Don’t care from the people of the Scripture. “Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this Revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do”. And now if they produce doubts intentionally, then the God Almighty will see them because He knows their acts.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Stubbornness Of The People Of The Scripture  

Verse –145 of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And even if thou broughtest unto those who have received the Scripture all kinds of portents, they would not follow thy qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of their qiblah; nor are some of them followers of the qiblah of others. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then surely thou will be among be the evildoers.

Wa la-‘in ‘ataytal-laziina ‘uutul-Kitaaba bi-kulli ‘Aayatim-maa tabi-‘uu Qiblatak. Wa maaa ‘anta bi-taabi-‘in- Qiblata-hum. Wa maa ba’-zuhum- bi-taabi-‘’in-Qiblata ba’-z. Wa la-‘inittaba’-ta ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum-mim-ba’-di maa jaaa-‘aka min-al-‘ilmi, ‘innaka ‘izalla-minaz-zaalimiin.



In this verse stubbornness and bigotry of the children of Israel has been mentioned. The God Almighty commands, “O Prophet! If you (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will show them all the tokens of Your Prophet-hood, produce them all the proofs about Truth of Khana Ka’-ba as Qiblah, even then they will not be ready to admit it as Qiblah. Moreover on the base of opposite, jealousy, enmity, stubbornness and bigotry they will stand firm on their ancient Qiblah. And because We have bestowed You the excellent and the Prophet Abraham’s (peace be upon Him) Qiblah, so You (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) have no need to agree upon their ignoble Qiblah. Due to the cause of ending the leadership of the children of Israel, You have been given a permanent and worldwide Qiblah. So the people of the Scripture should become hopeless from this matter that ever you will admit their Qiblah”.

It has also been mentioned that the people of the Scripture do not get themselves followers on one Qiblah. So how can they expect that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will agree upon their Qiblah. At the end the Messenger of Islam (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has been duly warned that after knowing about final decision of the God Almighty that the actual Qiblah is only the Khana Ka’-ba, if He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will admit and fix upon their Qiblah then He will also be included into the unjust people. Although any Messenger of God Almighty (peace be upon Him) never stains with any sin but it is intended to tell the Muslim nation from this warning that it is very heavy sin to follow any false religion. Even in it no body can be favored desiring he has the most superior rank near to God Almighty.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The People Of The Scripture and The Prophet Of Islam

(glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)  

Verse –146 & 147 of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


146.  Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognize (this Revelation) as they recognize their sons. And lo! A party of them knowingly conceals the truth.

147.  It is the Truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those waver.

146.  ‘Allaziina ‘aataynaa-humul-Kitaaba ya’-rifuunahuu kamaa ya’-rifuuna ‘abnaaa-‘ahum. Wa ‘inna fariiqam-minhum la-yak-tumuunal-Haqqa wa hum ya’-lamuun.

147.  ‘Al-Haqqu mir-Rabbika falaa takuunanna minal-mum-tariin.



It has been mentioned in this verse that the children of Israel and the Christians had known very well through their religious books that a Prophet (peace be upon Him) will come at the last of all. He (peace be upon Him) will not say anything with His heart. Moreover, He will teach likeness of the Revelation of the God Almighty. When the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was sent, they found the tokens and signs into Him, which were written in their Books. They distinguished very well that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is the last of all Holy Prophet and His teachings are True and Right. But they denied believing Him (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) due to only enmity, opposite and malice, and tried to hide all the foretelling which were held in their Heavenly Books, and exposed as that they have not recited these foretelling.

The God Almighty is causing certainty and confidence to His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that the people of the Scriptures either believe or do not believe on You, either they hide the foretelling about your Prophet-hood or disclose, either they deem Your Qiblah as right or wrong, the Right is in all conditions Right and You are the True Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). All the Orders are sent by Us towards the Prophet (peace be upon Him). Permanent Qiblah of the Muslims will remain the Khana Ka’-ba. So don’t lie in any doubt or hesitation.

It has also known from this verse that the foretelling was held in the former Heavenly Books about coming of the last Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). The people of the Scriptures already knew Him and recognized Him as a father can recognize his children out of the many children and he does not feel any difficulty recognizing his own child.

Sorrow on the people of the Scriptures that they found all the tokens of Prophet-hood in the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) , their hearts provided them evidence but till today they did not embrace Islam being apart entirely from the religious persecution.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Vie In Good Works

Verse –148 of 286, Section – 18 (Part 2)


And each one hath a goal toward which he turneth; so vie with one another in good works. Wheresoever ye may be, Allah will bring you all together. Lo!  Allah is Able to do all things.

Wa li-kullinw-wijhatun huwa muwalliihaa fastabiqul-khayraat.  ‘Ayna maa takuu-nuu ya’-ti  bikumul-laahu jamii-‘aa.   ‘Innallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.  




Khayraat – (good works) khayr is its singular. Besides Alms and Charity it is also used for each type of good works. Each that work which is done according to the Divine’s Law and cause to do that work is only to please the God Almighty, that is included in the khayraat.

After stating about making separate groups and selfishness of the people of the Scripture, the Holy Qur’an instructed them about the Straight Path and told that the Truth is only one which was bestowed to all. But the former nations failed to keep it. Appointing the Qiblah is not out of the basic questions of the religion that it would be considered the standard of the Right and the Wrong. Every nation has its own Qiblah and each nation does worship turning towards its own Qiblah. Actual thing which is to be understood and done is “khayraat” that means good works. So, try to lead in it from one another and take it for the religion’s actual Base.

The people of the Scripture used to take part in bigotry and stubbornness surpassing each other. They did not use to incline towards the Truth, always put the doubts into the hearts of the Muslims, and remained on the front line in the mischief and conspiracies. These people used to produce confusions in the customary questions being careless from the teachings of their religion. If they did not find any other thing, then they used to go ahead taking the question of Qiblah in front of them. Although this matter is not too much important that much precious time be wasted in its discussion. Deem the Qiblah as from the Order of God Almighty, which depends upon time and advisability. The real task is to lead in the good works.

If the nation’s gathering will be on the goodness and the people will include the goodness in their lives then the God Almighty will gather them on a Centre, all the misunderstandings will end and enmities will expire.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


The Inviolable Place Of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba & The Perfection Against The Arguments

Verse –149 & 150 of 286, Section – 18 (Part 2)


149.   And whencesoever thou comest forth (for prayer, O Muhammad) turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship. Lo! It is the Truth from thy Lord. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do.

150.   And whencesoever thou comest forth turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship; and wheresoever ye may be (O Muslim) turn your faces towards it (when ye pray) so that men may have no argument against you, save such of them as do injustice-fear them not, but fear Me!-and so that I may complete My Grace upon you, and that ye may be guided.

149.   Wa min hay-su kharajta fawalli waj-haka shatral-Mas-jidil-Haraam.

Wa ‘innahuu lal-haqqu mir-Rabbik. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.


150. Wa min hay-su kharajta fawalli waj-haka shatral-Mas-jidil-Haraam. Wa hay-su maa kuntum fawalluu wujuuhakum shatrahuu, li-‘allaa yakuuna lin-naasi ‘alaykum hujjatun, ‘illal-laziina zalamuu minhum; falaa takhshawhum wakhshawnii; wa li-‘utimma ni’-matii ‘alay-kum wa la-‘allakum tahtaduun.




In these verses there is the Order also regarding the change of the Qiblah and at the same time it is said that it shouldn’t be like that from your works the people get chance of arguments, the Idolaters and Infidels of the Makkah may say that how they are the best followers of the religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him), who don’t accept His (peace be upon Him) Ka’aba as Qiblah. As about the fear, it should be only of Allah Almighty. The completion of the grace and blessings, the guidance and the success all are in His (God Almighty’s) Power.

Urfi! Not to fear from the uproar of the enemies

Barking dogs don’t lessen sustenance of beggars








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Specialties Of The Messenger Muhammad

(glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)

Verse –151 of 286, Section – 18 (Part 2)


Even as We have sent unto you a Messenger from among you, who reciteth unto you  Our Revelations  and causeth you to grow, and teacheth you the Scripture  and Wisdom, and teacheth you that which ye knew not–

Kamaaa ‘arsalnaa fiikum Rasuulam-minkum  yatluu ‘alaykum  ‘Aayaatinaa  wa  yu-zakkiikum wa  yu—‘allimukumul- Kitaaba  wal-Hikmata  wa  yu-‘allimukum-maa lam  takuunuu ta’-lamuun.




Which specialties and characteristics of the Last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) have been stated in this verse, four out of them have already been mentioned in the verse # 129, that is to say:

1.   Recite the Revelations of God Almighty.

2.   Instruct the people in the Scripture.

3.   Instruct them in Wisdom.

4.    Make them grow (Purify them).

Now fifth specialty is being discussed in this verse that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) teaches you about that which you did never know before this time.

The God Almighty sent His Messengers (peace be upon Them) for different nations during different times for the guidance of human beings and arranged for them to convey the Message of the Truth. Slowly and gradually each nation overtook in the different groups, opposite and religious persecution, and went very far from the path of heavenly knowledge and guidance. Then the God Almighty sent the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that a new nation may be raised after becoming un-useful of the former nations, make them justice liking with the impression of His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) teachings and company and so that this nation may hold the post of guidance and admonition for the entire nations of the world.

This verse points towards the change of the Qiblah, that it is the completion of those blessings, series of which have already been begun. Change of the Qiblah is the last ring of that series of the blessings, the first ring of which is to send a Messenger who would be out of you. So that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) may become spring of the entire splendid blessings for you, he may cause to hear you the verses of Holy Qur’an, tell you the manners of getting outward and natural chastity and purity, teach you to follow on the orders and instructions of the Holy Qur’an and admonish you the delicacies and principles of these orders and instructions so that you may get superiority and excellence over all other nations due to knowledge and acts, and they may not find any path except to accept you the Excellent looking your knowledge and acts.

It is clear that if these all arrangements would have not been done by the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) then you would have remained ignorant and you would never have known the manners to solve the problems of the life.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Remember The God & Thanks For Him

Verse –152 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Therefore remember Me, I will remember you; and give thanks to Me, and do not be ungrateful to Me.

Faz-kuruuniii  ‘az-kurkum  washkuruu  lii  wa laa takfu-ruun.




Faz-kuruuniii – (So you remember Me) its matter is Zikr, which means remember, recitation, memory, prayer, talk and mention. Accordingly counting on rosary (count the beads) is called the Zikr because it is source of remembrance to the God Almighty.

Ashkuruu  lii – (give thanks to Me) shukr means thanks, gratitude. Purpose of it is that use of the powers and blessings bestowed by the God Almighty should be on the just, true, right and proper places, and should abstain from under-esteeming which is also called ingratitude of a favor.

The principles regarding improvement of the Muslim Ummah (nation) have been mentioned in the former verses, so now it is necessary that the people who admit the invitation of Holy Qur’an be guided to act according to those principles and tell them to do with zeal keeping in view these matters. So they are being commanded at first, “Remember the God Almighty every moment”.

Meaning of the ‘remember’ to the Lord Almighty is that the person should go on the path guided by Him with full fondness and courage.

He should keep on priority the liking and assent of the God Almighty in each work, as during standing, sitting, walking, wondering, waking, and sleeping. Particularly the method of worship has also been selected to remember Him. It is our duty to stand firm on it. As its reward the God Almighty commands, “I shall continue to rain over you My particular favors and blessings in this world as well as on the Judgment Day, and you will be bestowed with new and fresh kindness and mercies.

Secondly the Muslim nation is being commanded, “Give thanks to Me”. The best shape of the Thanks to God Almighty is that His favors and blessings be fixed for His works according to His orders and should work in the limitations which have been ordered by the Lord to do by the human beings. With it the blessings and favors increase. This enlargement and increase is called blessings and fortune.

The third order delivered through Holy Qur’an is, “Esteem highly all the powers, blessings and strength granted by the God Almighty. Due to ungratefulness not only the favor is snatched, but the severe punishment and strong agony is also awarded.

God Almighty has appointed the Muslims for teaching and guidance of the nations. It was necessary to do this duty successfully that at first morality, manners and courtesy of superior quality and needful excellences be produced in to them. Three excellences have been mentioned out of them in the today’s lesson, which are roots (base) of all the excellences. That is to say, we should do worship of Allah Almighty and obey His orders, spend the favors, blessings and powers granted by Him according to His orders and do not fix in disobedience the strength, powers and causes gifted us by Him.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Steadfastness And Prayer

Verse –153 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.

Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manusta-‘iinuu  bis-Sabri  was-Salaah.   ‘Innallaaha   ma-‘as-saabiriin.




‘Ista-‘iinuu – (seek help) infinitive mood of this word is ‘isti-‘aanat and the matter is ‘awn which means help.

It was discussed in the previous lessons that the God Almighty has granted the Muslims a very high post. That is to say, they should remove the plurality and worshipping of Idols from the world, convey the message of Unity (Oneness of God) in all parts of the world and perform the duty of leadership and guidance for the entire nations. It was necessary to support this responsibility that superior virtues and kind manners be grown into the Muslims.

Three out of these qualities have been mentioned in the former lesson, namely:

  • Do worship of the Allah Almighty and obey His orders whole heartedly.
  • Spend the powers and strength granted by Him at the proper places/circumstances.
  • Esteem highly all the blessings and favors of God Almighty and do not be ungrateful. It has been commanded in today’s lesson that “Seek help of God Almighty in steadfastness and offer prayers for success.

Two methods have been narrated here to seek help of the God Almighty:

  • Seek help in steadfastness during difficulties and calamities.
  • Offer prayers regularly.

To achieve the object, the calamities and difficulties will come without fail. So someone should not leave steadfastness for the real point.

Sabr – (steadfastness, patience, power of encounter) to stop oneself from confusion during the circumstances of poverty and displeasing condition, to encounter with strength during difficulties and troubles, control over sensual wishes.

It is the reality of the thought and prayer that the spirit gets power with the remembrance of God Almighty. That group or party never fails in which these two powers grow.

Then it is commanded that the people who will remain firm on the steadfastness during the coming difficulties on following their cause, they will get particular help and coexistence of the God Almighty. And it is clear that which group or party is supported by Allah Almighty that can never be unsuccessful. We should produce these virtues in ourselves and become zeal for preaching and invitation.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Martyrs Remain Living Forever 

Verse –154 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


And call not those who are slain in the Way of Allah “dead”.  Nay, they are living, only ye perceive not.

Wa  laa  taquuluu  li-many-yuqtalu fii sabiilil-laahi ‘am-waat.  Bal  ‘ah-yaaa-‘unw-wa  laakil-laa  tash-‘uruun. 




Fii sabiilil-laah – (in the Way of Allah) it is revealed that there is no any particular path in the shape of road or highway. Moreover the path of God Almighty means the manner which He has fixed, for instance to spend the wealth, to strive for the Path of God Almighty etc.

Now the recitation regarding the circumstances and conditions begins where there is need of the steadfastness. Every body will face these circumstances and conditions that is going on the straight path, justice and truth, and inviting others for it, because it is impossible to differentiate between good and bad without calamities, difficulties and troubles. In the Holy Qur’an where the philosophy of fights and killing have been mentioned on many places, there it has also been cleared that the war took place and the Muslims faced difficulties only due to the reason that the difference between Believer and Hypocrite

may be cleared.

Second reality is that the life of the nations is connected with the blood of the Martyrs as crops need water and heat of the sun like this the independence can not be gotten till the time the necks do not cut, blood of the Crusaders does not flow, the people of the nation are not killed and every body of the nation is not ready to produce his head to be sacrificed.

When the honorable people of the nation begin to be killed then into the nation passion and tumult grows in the nation. Any other nation does not have courage to encounter it. This passion and tumult is the real life and main vein of the nation. So the God Almighty commands that the persons who will produce their lives in Our path, their nation can never become slave of enemies.

Cause of the try and strive is to be prepared to sacrifice oneself for the security of the future generation and coming breeds. It is clear that there is no any act so much true and without affinity which may be collection of passions for security of one’s breed and service of humanity. So it became necessary that its rewards would also be forever and remain always. It has been signified in this verse that while the just can never go to end then how it may be that who sacrifices his life in His path, the death prevails over him, that is to say that he will never die. So the Martyr remains alive always. However, we do not have the sense of his life due to our own misunderstanding.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Trial And Examination 

Verse –155 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and fruits. And give glad tidings to the steadfast.

Wa lanablu-wannakum-  bi-shay-‘im-minal-khawfi waljuu-‘i    wa  naqsim-minal-‘amwaali  wal-‘anfusi  was-samaraat.  Wa bash-shiris-Saabiriin. 




It was stated in the previous verse about the people who acquired higher post of steadfastness, that is to say they fought in the way of God Almighty and were put to death as martyrs in the path of Truth. Now in this verse it is mentioned that the Muslims will face these types of trials and tests during their lives which will be more troublesome than the death to maintain its stability. The person should never show weakness and cowardice-ness during these kinds of situations. Moreover they should take strength from the steadfastness and continue to obey the commands of God Almighty happily with His assent.

These tests will appear in the different shapes, for example fear of the enemy, danger of banishment, confinement and imprisonment on speaking the truth, season of dearth or famine, shortage of the basic needs of life, wealth and property, deficiency in livelihood and employment, killing of nearest relatives, friends and supporters in the path of God Almighty, looking mortality, ruin and expiration of own relatives during the war against enemies of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), shortage of fruits, other eatable and drinkable things etc.

The people will be tested through all these difficulties, calamities, and troubles from time to time, their perseverance, steadiness and steadfastness will be seen. It is not too much easy to include one between the steadfast. So it is warned here that a lot of troubles like these may be faced during try for doing benediction and prestige of God Almighty, but it is the demand of steadfastness that instead of being afflicted and broken hearted we should remain zealous and earnest in inclination of our cause. Conception to achieve it should remain firm with full strength and keep it up with the tireless hardworking.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Nature Of The Enduring 

Verse –156 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning.

‘Al-laziina ‘izaaa ‘asaabat-hum-musiibatun, qaaluuu ‘innaa  lillaahi  wa  ‘innaaa ‘ilayhi  raaji-‘uun.




Musiibatun – (calamity, woe, trouble) its literal meanings are misery, distress, accident, chance. Once the Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that which thing a Muslim feels un-pleasant that is the musiibat for him. So it is known that this word has many vast and common meanings.

We have studied in the verse before it that the Muslims will be tested by the God Almighty through different manners of difficulties, calamities, and troubles from time to time, the person who will keep perseverance and steadfastness he will succeed easily in these tests. So the future result of the steadfast will be better. The token of the patients has been mentioned in the today’s verse that the people who say at the time of musiibat, “Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning”, they are included in the steadfast.

We have learnt three things in this verse:

1.   We all and our every thing is the property of the God Almighty. Nothing is our own including ourselves, our every thing, wife, children, wealth, property, native country, dynasty, body and soul. It is the cause of grief, sorrow, pain and desire of the human being that he supposes his beloved things as his own. When this thought will be expelled from the mind and considered that the God Almighty is the Master, Possessor and Owner of every thing then there will be no space for sorrow, sadness and displeasure. We have to repeat these words in each hard, difficult, trouble and calamity, “Ours is nothing here. Every thing is of the God Almighty and has to return towards Him”.

2.   Wishing the sorrows, troubles, pains and difficulties are how much heavy, all are temporary, mortal, transitory, coming and going. These all will end and soon we would have to attend the Court of Real Master Almighty, so why should we be afraid of them.

3.   These calamities and tests are not useless by chance. Their remuneration and reward shall be granted during the second life i.e. on the Doomsday. The person who bore them with steadfastness, remained firm on the Just and did not left the real cause, he shall be rewarded due to his fortitude.

A person how much will have strong faith on these fidelities, so much he will remain in contentment and quiet. We should bear in our minds these things well efficiently so that it may become print on our hearts. Although the relation of steadfastness is with the heart but due to saying these words with tongue, the tongue becomes companion of the heart and the person gets power and strength from it. It has been mentioned about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to recite “‘innaa  lillaahi  wa  ‘innaaa ‘ilayhi  raaji-‘uun” (Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning) in even light from the light difficulty, trouble or un-pleasant situation.  


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Blessings & Mercy For The Steadfast

Verse –157 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and   mercy. And such are the rightly guided.

“Ulaaa- ‘ika  ‘alayhim  sala-waatum-mir-Rabbihim  wa rahmah.  Wa ‘ulaaa-‘ika  hu-mul-Muhtaduun.




Sala-waatun – (blessings) this word is plural of salaaat. Besides its meaning as prayer, it is also used in the meanings of blessings, humbly making requests (to God Almighty for something), do worship, commune with God and mercy.  


Muhtaduun – (the rightly guided persons) this word is for the guidance. It has been explained in the first Surah, verse: 5, 6 & 7 (Show us the straight path, the path of those whom Thou hast favored; Not (the path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray).

In this verse there is happy news for those persons who obeyed the orders of the God Almighty and acted upon His commands.

It was mentioned in the previous verses that the Muslims would be used to test their strength of faith, obedience, submission and worship. They will be examined by putting them in difficulties and troubles of various sorts. They would have fear of the opposite of enemies. They will be tortured by the selfish on speaking the truth. They will bear the pressure of the opposite, famine and dearth, starvation and poverty, loss of life and property, deficiency in eatables and drinkables. They will have to endure all these troubles.    


The human being can stray from justice coming in greed, avarice and temptation due to these calamities and troubles. So the persons who will not leave the cause of raising the name of God Almighty and His Religion not to care for the enmities, but will remain firm on it with perseverance, fortitude and steadiness. They will be included in the steadfast. These types of persons will say, “We and our every thing is only for the God Almighty and at last we have to return towards Him. If during try and strive it will harm to us or our things the God Almighty is the Sole Commander to bestow us better reward for it. We believe that He shall give us remuneration for these matters”.

It has been mentioned in this verse that remuneration of the steadfast like these persons is much great. They will be particularly blessed by Us in this world as well as on the Day of Resurrection. We shall continue Our Mercy upon them. So they should not withdraw due to the fear of the enemies of the Truth. Moreover they should rise to these situations of tests.

It has also been stated that the steadfast in the tests and examinations are on the straight path, and they will reach the God Almighty successfully.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Customs Of The Pilgrimage

Verse –158 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the signs of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on Pilgrimage to the House (of God) or performs Umrah, to go around them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of his own accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.

‘Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min-Sha-‘aaa-‘irillaah.  Faman  hajjal-Bayta  ‘awi’-tamara  falaa  junaaha  ‘alayhi  ‘any-yat-taw-wafa  bihimaa.  Wa  man- tataw-wa-‘a  khayran,  fa-‘innallaaha  Shaakirun ‘Aliim. 




As-Safaa wal-Marwata – (Safaa and Marwah) near the Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjid-i-Haraam) these are two hills. Safaa is on the right hand and the Marwah is on the left side. There is a distance of nearly 275 yards between them. Verbal meaning of the Safaa is pure stone or genuine rock and verbal meaning of the Marwa is white soft stone. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) left His wife Ajar (compliments for Her) and His son Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) in the Faran valley and returned. He (Ishmael) was still an innocent infant. When the eatables and drinkables ended which was held with the mother and the infant, the infant began to flutter due to thirst. His mother used to run on these two hills hither and thither with utmost restlessly and unstrung to see the fountain of water anywhere.

Sha-‘aaa-‘irillaah – (the signs of God Almighty). Sha-‘aaa-‘ir is plural of Sha-‘iirah that means appointed place for worship or manners of worship. During the Pilgrimage on which appointed places and manners the customs of Pilgrimage are performed, those all are included in “the signs of God Almighty”.

Hajj – in the Islamic worships it is the fourth pillar. During the month of Zil-Hajjah on appointed dates with the proper manner Pilgrimage of the Khana Ka’-ba, to kill an animal particularly during the particular days, going round the Holy Shrine (Khana Ka’-ba), to do endeavor of Safaa and Marwa, and obeying other Customs is called Hajj.

Umrah – (a manner of the pilgrimage of Khana Ka’-ba). Its reward is not equal to the Hajj. There is no date or month fixed for this worship. Its customs are brief also.

Some customs of Hajj have been mentioned in this verse. God Almighty commands that these are not only the customs but these are also the signs of Allah Almighty. Its purpose is to grow passion of goodness into the human beings. He should bow his body and place his forehead on the ground (prostrate) in the Court of Allah
Almighty being pure from the sins.      




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Accursed By Allah

Verse –159 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after We had made it clear to mankind in the Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and accursed of those who have the power to curse-

‘Innallaziina yaktumuuna maaa ‘anzalnaa  minal-bayyi-naati  wal-hudaa  mim-  ba’-di  maa bayyan-naahu  linnaasi  fil-Kitaabi,  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  yal-anu-humullaahu  wa  yal-‘anu-humul-laa-‘inuun.




‘Innallaziina yaktumuuna – (Those persons who hide) this word has come out from the word kat-maan, that means to hide anything intentionally and where it is necessary to disclose, it is not disclosed there. It is signified towards the people of Scripture and all those persons who do so.

Al-bayyi-naatu – (the proofs, clear orders) it means those signs and orders which are clear and splendid themselves. Moreover bayyi-naat also means the proofs of the prophet-hood of Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

Al-laa-‘inuun – (The persons who have the power to curse) its matter is la’an and single laa-‘inLa’-nat means curse, reproof and reproached. According to the phrase of Divine Law of Religion it signifies the person who is deprived from the Mercy of Allah Almighty, away from the Kindness of God Almighty.

We have read in the previous lessons that the human beings should grow into them superior qualities and the best morality. They should remain busy in the worship of God Almighty and recitation, and preach the others to choose the straight path, not to get rid of the patience during troubles, calamities and difficulties, use the blessings and favors of God Almighty correctly on proper places and should not be ungrateful to Him.

In this verse it has been discussed that the persons who will hide the proofs and the guidance which the God Almighty revealed, will not preach the others, will tell the people false and self made manners, hide the foretelling and proofs mentioned in the Heavenly Books (Scriptures) about the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), such people are accursed of Allah Almighty and accursed of those people who have the power to curse. Like these people go away from the Mercy and Kindness of the God Almighty, because whenever the misfortune is revealed due to hide the Truth then other creature also falls in its whirlpool.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Terms And Conditions For Penitence

Verse –160 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Except those who repent and amend make manifest (the truth). These it is toward whom I relent. And I am the Relenting, the Merciful.

‘Illal-laziina  taabuu  wa  ‘as-lahuu  wa  bayyanuu  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘atuubu  ‘alayhim.  Wa  ‘A-nat-Tawwaabur-Rahiim.  




Taabuu – (repent, the persons who did penitence). Taw-bah means repentance from sins, sorrow for wrongdoings, and return to the straight path, to shun or abstain from any evil and to device or intend to leave it for future.

Allah Almighty has declared three terms and conditions for forgiveness of sins in this verse:

  • Penitence, it means decide to leave the sin with its perception and admission.
  • Correction – rectify the created badness due to sins and mischief.
  • Compensate the oppressed; disclose the matters which were hidden to commit the crime.

It has been expressed in the previous verses that the children of Israel and the Christians used to change the Orders and Instructions revealed by the God Almighty due to worldly greed and avarice or afraid of enmity on speaking the Truth, and used to hide the real Orders. So due to their hiding the Just many people used to go astray, the Believers used to lie down in doubts and the followers of the truth used to face the troubles of various sorts. So the God Almighty determined them Accursed.

The news regarding Prophet-hood of the Messenger Allah Almighty, Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was revealed in the ancient Heavenly Books (Scriptures) of the children of Israel and the Christians, but when they saw that they would get worldly loss due to believing on the Prophet-hood of the last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), their monopoly would end, they began to hide this Glad-tidings.

The God Almighty proclaimed about like these sinners that they will be thrown away from the Mercy of God Almighty as punishment and they will become target of cursing and taunting of the God Almighty’s other creature.

In this verse Allah Almighty has commanded that these accursed persons should not become hopeless entirely. Moreover if they abstain from bad habits and hiding the Truth, and “repent and amend make manifest (the truth). These it is toward whom I relent. And I am the Relenting, the Merciful”. Moreover they will come under the shadow of His Mercy. They will be entitled for His blessings and favors.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Death of Atheism

Verse –161 & 162 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


161.  Lo! Those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers; on them is the curse of Allah and of angels and of men combined.

162.  They will dwell therein for ever. The doom will not be lightened for them, neither will they be reprieved.

161.  ‘Innallaziina  kafaruu  wa  maatuu  wa hum  kuffaarun  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘alayhim  la’-natul-laahi  wal-‘malaaa-‘ikati  wan-naasi  ‘ajma-‘iin.


162.  Khaalidiina  fiihaa.  Laa  yukhaffafu  ‘anhumul-‘azaabu  wa  laa  hum  yunzaruun.     




In the previous verse it was commanded by the God Almighty that “those persons who will repent from their sins, evil doings and penitent on these sins, intend not to do so in future and amend make manifest (the truth), I shall forgive them, these are the persons towards whom I relent with Kindness and I shall bring them under the shadow of Mercy. And I am the Relenting, the Merciful”. The sinners and the evildoers were preached through this command and they were induced to become the Good. Those people are really the foreseeing who will get advantage from this concession.

Now in this verse it has been discussed about the persons who do not get advantage from this concession. Moreover they use to remain on the wrong due to bigotry and anger. The persons who adopted the manner of Infidelity and then dwelled on it for ever, they never bent towards the straight and the path of faith, always lived sinful and evildoing life and died in the same condition of infidelity; such persons are accursed of Allah, accursed of His Angels (peace be upon Them) and accursed of entire those people who have the power to curse. It means that they went away from the Mercy of God Almighty, blessing of the Angels (peace be upon Them) and kindness of the human beings. Moreover their punishment would be that they will remain into the Hell for ever, they will meet their doom constantly and continuously and they will never get time to escape themselves from the agony.

The teachings of Islam regarding forgiveness and punishment are infinite natural and fair. At one side the Islam has taught the manner of penitence that whenever the human being will feel the sense of sin, he should correct himself recognizing it then he will get forgiveness from the God Almighty. On the other hand it has been proclaimed that the person who will continue doing sins and evils, and does not shun from the infidelity and partnership with God Almighty, becoming prisoner he is forfeited from the Mercy of Allah Almighty.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

God Is One God

Verse –163 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Your God is One God; there is no God save Him, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Wa  ‘Ilaahukum  ‘Ilaahunw-Waahid.  Laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwar-Rahmaa-nur-Rahiim.      




The important question of Islam is the matter of Unity (Oneness of God Almighty). It has been repeated in the Holy Qur’an again and again. The root of the entire Faiths and base of all the good works establishes on this Belief that Lord of the whole mankind, Master of the Universe, Entitled of the Worship and Accountant for the Day of Resurrection is only One God. Only that person goes near the sins, evils and badness who neither believes on the Existence of the Most Superior and the Excellent Life of God Almighty and nor on His Power, Strength and on the Doomsday.

As the people of Scripture and Atheist nations had much depravity, barbarous-ness, dark notion and worshipping of whims, to remove this tendency Islam has presented the greatest Belief of Unity (Oneness of God) and told that there is only One God Almighty Who completes all the necessities of each human being. He is the God Almighty Who helps during the times of difficulties, troubles and pains, Who tests after granting the blessings and favors, Who provides the eatables and drinkables, and forgives the sins wit His Mercy.  So He is the Only One to be Worshiped, to be Called each time, to be deemed our Master and Lord. We should have sense about counting of our good and bad deeds and answerable in His Court on the Day of Resurrection.

There is the only one faith, which is the Unity (Oneness of God), which helps us to fix upon the straight path. We shall become thoughtful after obeying on this belief, anyhow we might not go astray from the actual path, and we might not treat others with bad behavior. As the God Almighty is the Merciful upon us, likewise we should also behave with mercy and kindness with His creature.

Particularly two matters have come in front of us from this verse:

  • Allah Almighty is the only Life to be worshipped, to be obeyed and our Commander in Chief. There is none to be bent in front except Him.
  • Kind nature with blessings of God Almighty is with whole Grace and Mercy. No doubt He is the Omnipotent and Very Powerful but His Mercy is containing over the entire things. The mankind should never be hopeless and desperate from His mercy.

Desiring the difficulties are how much bigger, contest is how much strong, if we are on the Just God Almighty shall help us. He will never return us disappointed from His Court.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Signs Of The God’s Sovereignty

Verse –164 of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the   difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) for people who have sense.

‘Inna fii khalqis-samaa-waati wal-‘arzi wakhtilaafil-layli wan-nahaari wal-fulkillatii tajrii fil-bahri bimaa yanfa-‘un-naasa wa maaa ‘anzalallaahu minas-samaaa-‘i mim-maaa-‘in- fa-‘ahyaa bihil-‘arza ba’-da mawtihaa wa bassa fiihaa min kulli daaabbah. Wa tas-riifir-riyaahi was-sahaabil-musakh-khari baynas-samaaa-‘i wal-‘arzi la-‘Aayaatil-li-qawminy-ya’-qiluun.




In this verse Allah Almighty explained uncountable signs of His power and sovereignty so that the mankind would think about it and admit His Deity and Highness.

Creation of the earth and skies, circulation of the day and night, floating of ships and the boats in the rivers and seas, raining from the sky, the dead land seems to be alive by the rains, wandering of animals on the earth, subduing of the airs and the clouds between the earth and the sky, if the entire these are not the Signs of Powers and Sovereignty of the God Almighty then what is this? But the people can think about it only those have sense. The nonsense doesn’t take lesson from anything.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Loving Rivals To The God Almighty

Verse –165a of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


And yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is the due) of Allah (only). And those who believe are stauncher in their love for Allah.

Wa  minannaasi  many-yattakhizu  min-  duunillaahi  ‘andaadany-yuhibbuunahum  ka- hubbillaah.  Wallaziina  ‘aa- manuuu  ‘ashaddu  hubbal-lillaah.




‘Andaadan – (similar, matching, opposite, converse) for instance love for Idols, statues or demi-gods etc or leaders, landlords, spiritual guides or any priest takes place in the heart opposite to the God Almighty and that love overcomes on the heart.

In the earlier verses the God Almighty has mentioned after telling about His Deity, Beneficence and Mercy that We have created the entire Universe for the necessities of the human beings, that is to say the earth, the skies, the day, the night, the boats, the rain, production of the earth, the cattle, the quadruped, the airs and clouds etc. the mankind gets advantage from these things, completes his needs and lives a comfortable life. He should be grateful to Allah Almighty after getting these blessings and favors.

Repentance! Some people forget the God Almighty instead of gratitude to Him. They place others in the position of God Almighty who bestowed them His blessings. They make them their worshiped, settle them His partners and expose their love and faith for them which was required to be kept only for the God Almighty. There is recitation regarding those people in this verse.

Some stupid and un-foreseeing people include idols, demi-gods and spiritual guides in partnership with the God Almighty and consider them powerful, that is to say the Christians do worship of the Jesus Christ and Mary (peace be upon them) along-with the God Almighty. The Japanese consider their king as from the dynasty of God “I seek refuge in ALLAH from Satan the outcast”.

Allah Almighty commanded that the real love should be only for Him Who is the Creator, the Master and the Worshiped. It is the sign of a perfect Believer that he would have kept the most beloved to the God Almighty; he should strengthen excessive love for Him (Allah Almighty) in his heart.

It has come in the Sayings of the Last Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) “The Believer is that who has friendship and enmity for the God Almighty. The person who is beloved of God Almighty and loves Him, he keeps him his friend, and with whom the God Almighty is angry, he considers him his enemy”.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Power Belongs Wholly To Allah

Verse –165b of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


Oh, that those who do evil had but known, (on the Day) when they behold the doom, that power belongeth wholly to Allah, and that Allah is Severe in punishment!

Wa  law  yarallaziina  zalamuuu  ‘iz  yarawnal-‘azaaba,  ‘annal-Quwwata  lillaahi  jamii-‘anw-wa-‘annal-llaaha  Shadiidul-‘azaab.




In the earlier verses after discussion about Oneness of God, Creator of the Universe and dignity of the Believers, Allah Almighty told about His Power and Strength, and commanded that the Infidels and Idolaters settle partnership with the God Almighty to the different things due to their foolishness, ignorance and un-foresightedness. They consider as these things will accede to their wishes, support them at the times of difficulties, give rewards or prizes to them as compensation of their worship and believe that these are masters of the powers.

Allah Almighty asserts in this verse, “Would that! The deniers of the truth and Idolaters would have seen the Doom which We shall descend upon them on the Doomsday. After seeing the doom they will say at once that all kinds of powers and strength, greatness, divinity and magnificence, power of choice and influence are only for Allah Almighty, no body can speak or boast in front of Him. Without Him no body can help or support anyone and every thing is humble opposite to Him.

On that Day neither the wealth/property of anyone will be useful for him, and nor his relatives and friends will help him. Each person will try to run away from his intimate brothers, sisters, mother, father, wife, children, friends and relatives so that he would not have to face their doom upon him. On the Day of Resurrection the Idolaters will forget their false worshiped and liar partners, and use to call “May God save us; forbid”.

During the worldly life various types of difficulties and tests descend on the human beings. Using the sense the person should deem that this all is from the God Almighty and he should bend in front of Allah Almighty getting lesson from these calamities.

In the sayings of the Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) this humility, indigence and helplessness has been told as penitence and begging mercy, and supplication as worship. The Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded, “‘Ad-Duaaw- mukh-khul  ‘ibaadah” (Supplication is the Brain of Worship).


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Helplessness Of The Idolators  

Verse –166 & 167 of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


166.  (On the Day) when those who were followed disown those who followed (them), and they behold the doom, and all their aims collapse with them.

167.  And those who were but followers will say: If a return were possible for us, we would disown them even as they have disowned us. Thus will Allah show them their own deeds as anguish for them. And they will not emerge from the Fire.

166.  ‘Iz tabarra-‘allazii-nattu-bi-‘uu  minallaziinat-taba-‘uu  wa  ra-‘a-wul-azaaba  wa  taqat-ta-‘at  bihimul-‘asbaab.




167.  Wa  qaalal-laziinat-taba-‘uu  law  ‘anna  lanaa  karratan-  fa-natabarra-‘a  minhum  kamaa  tabarra-‘uu  minnaa.  Kazaalika  yuriihimullaahu  ‘a’-maalahum  hasaraatin  ‘alayhim.   Wa  maa    hum-  bi-khaarijiina  minan-Naar.  




Allah Almighty has narrated a horrible and dreadful sight of the Doomsday. Would that the evildoer Idolaters might think, get it as warning and shun from the evildoings.

On that day the liar religious or spiritual guides who have compelled the common stupid people to follow them, will leave them who followed them and due to following them they had left the straight path. This time will be very frightful and dangerous for those stupid follower obedient disciples that their spiritual guides would have kept themselves aloof from them, means would have been cut, and the doom would be visible in front.

The stupid followers will say, “would that we may go once again back to the (previous) world and adopt displeasure likewise these wicked religious and spiritual guides disowned us but then it will not be possible. Their evil acts will be in front of them in the shape of an afflicted record and there will be no way to get rid of the Hell fire.

allazii-nattu-bi-‘uu – (who were followed) ‘It-tibaa’ is its infinitive mood which means to follow. It signifies towards the religious and spiritual guides who are followed.


al-laziinat-taba-‘uu – (who followed ) that is to say the followers, obedient and disciples of their liar religious and spiritual guides.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Lawful And Pure Food  

Verse –168 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2) 

O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! He is an open enemy for you.

Yaaa-‘ayyuhan-naasu  kuluu  mimmaa  fil-‘arzi  Halaalan-  tay-yibaa.  Wa  laa  tattabi-‘uu  khutuwaatish-Shay-taan.  ‘In-nahuu  lakum  ‘aduw-wum-mu-biin.




In this verse the God Almighty addressed the entire human beings and declared the difference between lawful and unlawful, and determined compulsory two conditions for the eatables and drinkable things:

  • It should be lawful
  • It should be pure and clean

Halaalun – the thing which is not forbidden by Allah Almighty to eat or drink that is called lawful according to the Divine’s law, and which has not been disliked or not fixed as unlawful, for example: water, vegetables, meat, pulses etc.

Tay-yiban – (pure, clean, fine, nice) those things which are lawful including pure and clean from filth and nastiness.

Applying two conditions by Islam in the food (lawful and pure) it has produced a very great excellence. Due to these principles each that thing which is not pure and clean, is dangerous or hurtful for the body and soul, or that has not gotten lawfully, to eat, drink or use of it is forbidden.

The Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) took too much care of pure, clean and lawful that those things smell of which usually take ill upon health, declared odious and their use before coming to the mosque has been prohibited by Him (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that it might not take ill on the nature of the devout associates.

The Arabs had declared some things unlawful of their own accords for instance the animals left loose in the name of idols and likewise some other foods. And also they began to use some forbidden things like mother’s milk. Islam forbade from it, accordingly there is a Saying of the Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), “The person whose meal is unlawful, clothes are unlawful and food is also unlawful, how his prayer might be accepted?”

Allah Almighty commanded that the people who don’t care about lawful, pure and clean, they follow the devil and the devil is the worst enemy of the human being. He will never be the well-wisher of the mankind.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Evil And The Fouls  

Verse –169 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and that ye should tell concerning Allah that which ye know not.

‘Innamaa  ya’-murukum-  bis-suuu-‘i  wal-fah-shaaa-‘i  wa  ‘an- taquuluu ‘alallaahi  maa  laa  ta’-lamuun. 




As-suuu-‘u – evil/bad thing (intellectually and legally)

Al-fah-shaaa-‘u – (foul, shamelessness and disliked due to morality and respect, the words fahash (indecent, frivolous) and faahishah (shameless, unchaste) have also been derived from it.

Two characteristics of the Satan (devil) have been mentioned in this verse:

1.   He teaches Always evil and fouls to the human being. The mankind should never hope for advantage/benefit from the devil but it is his nature that he is stained entirely in evil, filth, foul, depravity and impurity/pollution, and he wishes to keep stained the others too. He excites every time for any kind of wickedness, quarrel, sedition, mischief and bustle, and stands in the way of goodness. The entire those wishes and works which are fatal for human brotherhood and humanity itself, those all are entered in the evil and foul. To create a mischief in the safety and peace of society, to sow dissention between mutual brotherhood and fraternity, to extirpate the union and cooperation, not to complete the rights of the servants, it means that all the works due to which tumult spreads belong to mischievous and devil.

2.   The Devil induces the human beings to tell the people false, self invented by themselves talks and show that these are from the commands of the God Almighty, while Allah Almighty never orders for those things, but the followers of the devil do all that for getting casual advantages of frail things, worldly temptation and greediness of wealth.

This disease had become common in the scholars of the children of Israel. To deceive the public they tell the useful for them self invented talks and use to say that it was from the God Almighty. Resultantly the roots of their religion became hollow and they failed for future.

We should learn the lesson from this verse that we should neither take part in the evil and foul nor tell the public false and self invented matters because these both works belong to the Satan.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Thoughtless Follow Suit  

Verse –170 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance?

Wa  ‘izaa  qiila  lahumut-tabi-‘uu  maaa  ‘anzalal-laahu  qaaluu  bal  nattabi-‘u  maaa  ‘al-faynaa  ‘alayhi  ‘aabaaa-‘anaa.  ‘A-wa-law  kaana  ‘aabaaa-‘uhum  laa  ya’-qiluuna  shay-‘anw-wa  laa yahta-duun.




It has been mentioned in this verse about a habit of the illusion pro/whimsical that is to say whenever they are commanded to do worship for God Almighty, follow His orders and rules in each part of the life, earn and spend the wealth and property according to His instructions, act upon the Divine law of religion in the affairs, business, money dealings, buying and selling, marriage/wedding festivities, divorce, in these cases they reply, “We shall respect only the customs of our elders, forefathers and traditions of our dynasty. We shall go on that path on which we have seen our elders and superiors”. As though these people have faith on the customs of their elders leaving the orders and instructions of the God Almighty, they consider prior their customs and traditions and give importance and force more than the Divine law of the God Almighty.

Allah Almighty commands that these people follow indiscriminate their elders, while it is possible that their forefathers have not any intelligence and wisdom. They would be going astray in the depravity. They would have totally fallen back from the straight path. So following blind their likewise forefathers these people will fall compulsorily in the destruction and ruin.

Our Wise Doctor and famous Poet of the East Muhammad Iqbal has mentioned the concept in the exaggerated view as under:

‘Aa-iini naw si darnaa,  tarzi kuhun pe arhna

Manzil yahi kathan hai qawmon ki zindgi men

(To fear from the new constitution, to stop on the old form

It is the difficult stage in the existence of the nations


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Likeness Of Disbelievers Of The Messenger

(May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)  

Verse –171 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


The likeness of those who disbelieve (in relation to the Messenger) is as the likeness of one who calleth unto that which heareth naught except a shout and cry. Deaf, dumb, blind, therefore they have no sense.

Wa  masalullaziina  kafaruu  kamasalillazi yan-‘iqu  bimaa laa  yasma-‘u  ‘illaa  du-‘aaa-‘anw-wa  nidaaa-‘aa.  Summum-  buk-mun  ‘umyun-  fa-hum  laa  ya’- qiluun.  




In this verse likeness of the disbelievers is being discussed that they are like the animals which are called by their shepherd. The animal listens to his voice surely but does not understand anything. Desiring the shepherd would be singing the sweet songs or abusing them. The animal does not understand except considering it as cry and scream. In this verse the ‘Caller’ signifies towards the Messenger of God Almighty (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and the Infidels have been illustrated by a simile of animals. Surely these people hear the invitation of the Prophet of God Almighty (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) but they do not think and care about it that what is hidden in this sound for them and what they have to do answering this voice.

The persons who do not embrace the invitation of the truth are like deaf that the voice of Just enters into their ears but does not affect on their hearts. They show a listened talk as un-listened. They are dumb as they listen and understand the Right but do not recognize it with their tongues. If their hearts agreed to it even then they do not embrace and don’t convey the message of justice up to the other people. They are blind as they do not look the straight path. In spite of having eyes they are unable to see something. If the use of these powers is not for the justice and these are not used in the right path then existence of these things is equal to non existence. Because which Life (God Almighty) has bestowed the powers to the human being, if these things do not work according to His Instructions, do not show the mankind the Path of Real Master Almighty and do not tell the method to meet Him then there is no advantage of their existence.

For example a person has any eatable but he does not bring it in use then it will be said that he has nothing to eat. Or any person has heap amount but he doesn’t spend it, moreover he keeps it holding and counting up then only it will be said that this wealth is equal to nothing. The same condition is of the Infidels that they have ears, tongues and eyes but they do not use these things as these are required to be used.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Forbidden Foods   

Verse –172 & 173a of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


172.  O ye who believe! Eat of the good things which We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship.

173a. He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swine-flesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah.

172.  Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  kuluu min-  tayyibaati  maa  razaqnaakum  washkuruu  lillaahi  in-kuntum  ‘iyyaahu  ta’- buduun.


173a.  ‘Innamaa  harrama  ‘alay-kumul-  may-tata  waddama  wa lahmal-khin-ziiri  wa  maaa ‘u-hilla  bihii  li-gayrillaah.




Allah Almighty has reminded again His blessings in this verse and commanded that He has created uncounted pure and fine things. The human being should not restrict himself from them and eat them without hesitation. It is the demand of the real worship of God Almighty that the human being should enjoy His blessings and favors. The mankind should gratitude to the God Almighty and should not get joined any partner of Him.

Then some forbidden things are being mentioned here:

‘Al-may-tatu – (carrion, dead animal) that is to say the animal which dies itself or killed but not slaughtered according to the Divine. Like this if any piece of meat has been cut from the body of living animal that also will be counted as impure. There are only two animals like which are legal without slaughtering them i.e. Fish and Locust.

In addition to the carrion – blood, and swine-flesh, and that animals which have been immolated to (the name of) any other than God Almighty are included in the forbidden things.

Lahmal-khin-ziiri – (swine flesh) it has clearly mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that hog, pig, boar, swine-flesh and its bacon is forbidden. From the investigations it has been proved that this animal is the most shameless and immodest animal and its flesh has a lot of moral and physical bad effects. The nations which eat the swine-flesh are its live proof.   


 Maaa ‘u-hilla  bihii  li-gayrillaah – (which has been immolated to (the name of) any other than the God Almighty) namely the animal which is slaughtered or altered on the name other than Allah Almighty. Literal meanings of ‘U-hilla is to elevate the voice and call aloud.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Forms Of Compulsion   

Verse –173b of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

Fa-maniz-turra  gayra  baaginw-wa  laa  ‘aadin- falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  ‘Innallaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.




‘az-turra – (who is driven by necessity) the word ‘iz-ta-raarun is its infinitive mood. Zaruu-rat has come out from its matter. Zaruu-rat means necessity. It signifies that if it has become compulsory for the human being and it will not be possible for him to remain alive then under this compulsion form he is allowed to eat unlawful/forbidden food at the very least quantity of which is permissible only so that he may live. For instance food is not attainable and there is nothing except forbidden thing or due to poverty lawful food can not be obtained or the use of forbidden thing is necessary for any disease on the advice of a skillful doctor. Due to these conditions the forbidden things are permitted to be used in as minimum quantity as it is necessary to save one’s life.

Gayra  baagin – ( not to disobey, not to crave, to execute the command) gayra  baagin  means that the person who eats the forbidden food, his intention or will should not be to crave or break the law. He wishes only to save his life because to save the life is also His (God Almighty) command.

laa  ‘aadin – (not to transgress) that is to say the person should not be deviator, sinner of crossing the limitations of Divine. If he has to eat under compulsion form, he should not take much, he should eat only that quantity with which he may save his life.

Gafuur – (Forgiving) that is to say so Forgiver and Merciful that some times He doesn’t punish on our sins, moreover also the sins are not left by Him (the God Almighty, for example whenever we use the forbidden thing in any situation of compulsion He doesn’t bind and does not punish us.

Allah Almighty has done lawful in some cases to the forbidden things using His excellent Mercy and kindness. But there is condition for it that the human being has been compelled due to any reason as it would have become impossible for saving his life and secondly he should not use the forbidden item to get taste but only too less quantity that he may save his life only because saving the life is duty.

In the situation of compulsion it is sin also not to eat these things because to save the life is first duty. Like these situations it is equal to suicide and it is clear that the act of suicide is forbidden.

We should abstain totally from the forbidden things and whenever it becomes compulsory for us to use them then we should keep the intention good and use at the very least quantity.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Punishment For Bad Scholars Of The Religions   

Verse –174 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


Lo! Those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah hath revealed and purchase a small gain therewith, they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow. And theirs will be a painful doom.

‘Innallaziina  yaktumuuna maaa ‘anzalallaahu  minal-Kitaabi  wa  yashtaruuna  bihii  samanan-qaliilan,  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  maa ya’-kuluuna  fii  butuuni-him  illan-Naara  wa  laa  yukal-limu-humullaahu  Yawmal-Qi-yaamati  wa  laa yuzakkiihim.  Wa  lahum  ‘azaabun  ‘aliim.




Samanan-qaliilan – (a small gain) the worldly gains desiring are a lot comparatively to the gains and rewards of the Doomsday even then these are very lesser and unreal. This is the actual meaning of samanan-qaliilan.

God Almighty had also included the orders and instructions regarding lawful and forbidden things in the Divine’s laws of the children of Israel so that the nation may recognize the straight path. But out of that nation a group of persons monopolized the religion and this group was considered as the scholars of the religion and monks. They began to explain and comment on the Scriptures revealed heavenly. Then due to worldly temptation they used to tell the people the points which favored them and purchased a small gain therewith explaining topsy-turvy and exchanging according to the will of people. Hence the purpose of the commands died. So like this class of scholars went astray as well as they misled also the other persons.

In this verse their punishment is being mentioned that due to this crime they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire as if the poison has been mixed in a very delicious food, such then apparently that food will be much tasty but after reaching into the belly it will ignite. Like this these persons are ruining hereinafter due to worldly greed. Although apparently they are passing their lives with pump and show, and comfortably, the people respect them but in fact their end will be much horrible.

Now three more punishments are being narrated for those persons in this verse:

  • Allah Almighty will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection. So these bad scholars will be kept deprived from the Mercy and Kindness of the God Almighty. The Creator of the universe and Master of the Doomsday will turn His face from them. It will be deprivation from His Mercy and declaration of His anger.
  • They would never be pure from the sins. Due to their sins God Almighty will put them into the Hell. Purification and correction will never be obtainable by them. The God Almighty will forgive some other evildoers after punishment with His Mercy and purify them. But these bad scholars will remain always in the Fire for burning. Neither their sins will fall off nor they will become pure and nor they might enter the Paradise.
  • Horrible doom will be for them not only physically but also mentally and spiritually, and they will never get rid of this trouble. May God Almighty save us from that Doom.

It is known from this verse that how a great crime is to hide the Just, not to disclose the Truth, to interpret false of the true talks and expose wrongfully the Orders of the God Almighty, which has too many punishments. It is so big sin because due to this sin the entire nation goes to ruin and falls into the dark well of stray leaving the straight path. If on the one side speaking the truth and fearlessness are superior virtues then on the other side hypocrisy and hiding the truth are the worst moral crimes, and the Messenger (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) of God Almighty has explained to speak the truth in front of cruel ruler is Jihad (to try and strive).




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Business Of Loss   

Verse –175 & 176 of 286, Section – 22 (Part One-Fourth of 2)


175.  Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. How constant are they in their strife to reach the Fire!

176.  That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with the truth. And those who find (a cause of) disagreement in the Scripture are in open schism.

175.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtara-wuz-zalaalata  bil-hudaa  wal-‘azaaba  bil-magfirah.  Famaaa ‘asbarahum  ‘alan-Naar.


176.  Zaalika  bi-‘annallaaha  nazzalal-Kitaaba  bil-Haqq.  Wa  ‘innallazii-nakhtalafuu  fil-kitaabi  lafii shiqaaqim-  ba-‘iid.




The persons, who hide the truth and sell the religion for a few coins, reality of their business has been mentioned in this verse. They personally deem that they have united the wealth selling the Truth earned the world, collected the goods of pleasure and did very good business. But the Holy Qur’an describes that in fact they have lost every thing in this business, they have purchased error at the price of guidance, forgot the straight path and chose the cured way, became refugee in dark leaving the Light, liked depravity instead of Faith, this world instead of the Day of Resurrection, and torment at the price of pardon. Which business will be more harmful and injurious than it? Those people achieved casual gains and did not care for that comfortable life which will be for ever.

It is a very big sin to hide the true speech, to color false to the commands of the God Almighty, to deal in selling the Right, and punishment of this crime is very much painful. We should learn from the misdeeds of the children of Israel so that we may save ourselves from these sins/evildoing.

Why did this all happen? Hence the God Almighty revealed the Right/Just but they opposed it. If there would be any lawful reason then it were right, but they did not believe the Truth due to only opposite and religious persecution. They prepared to contradict for enmity and opposed instead of cooperation. They supposed racial and family inheritance also to the religion. They went against the last Messenger (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) of God Almighty only due to the reason that He (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was out of the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) and was not out of the children of Prophet Israel (peace be upon Him), although they were the children of the same Grandfather the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Good Beliefs – Fundamental Righteousness     

Verse –177a  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the Prophets;

Laysal-birra ‘an-  tuwalluu  wujuuhakum  qibalal-Mashriqi  wal-Magribi  wa laakinnal-birra  man  ‘aama-na  billaahi  wal-  Yawmil-‘Akhiri  wal-  malaaa—ikati  wal-Kitaabi  wan-nabiyyiin.




al-birra – (Righteousness) it has vast meanings in Arabic language. Each kind of righteousness comes in the comprehension of this word.

al-Mashriqu – (the East, from which direction the sun rises). Many eastern nations have used to worship the Sun believing as god, and because it rises from the east so uneducated nations took it as a sacred direction. The Holy Qur’an stroke this thought severely and told that it is not the righteousness and obedience to take only some direction as sacred. Completion of the righteousness exists only with good beliefs and true deeds.

al-  malaaa—‘ikatu – (the Angels) (peace be upon them) to admit the existence of that bright creature which keeps doing the works commanded by Allah Almighty, it is necessary to believe them (peace be upon them).

al-Kitaabu – (the Scripture) means all the Heavenly Scriptures. It is also necessary to believe all of them.

an-nabiyyiinu – it signifies towards the entire Prophets (peace be upon them) who came in this world time and time again for guidance of the human beings from the God Almighty. It is necessary too to believe all of them.

When the children of Israel heard the proclamation through Holy Qur’an about censure of partnership with God Almighty and punishment of infidelity, they shivered with terror and replied by saying that we do worship confronting Bait-ul-Muqaddas (Jerusalem). So we even follow the Heavenly Scripture. Why the Doom would be revealed upon us? In this verse it has been replied to their stubbornness.

This verse is one of the most important verses. There is given comprehensive concept of the righteousness that the virtue is not only the name of mere devotion and worship, and it is not also the name of worship turning towards any particular direction. Moreover near to Islam the righteousness grows correcting the both, the faith and the action. It has equal importance for belief, affairs, prayers, morality, behavior, sincerity and sacrifice (all).


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Fair Affairs – Real Righteousness    

Verse –177b  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And give away wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free;

Wa  ‘aatal-maala  ‘alaa  hubbihii  zawil-qurbaa  wal-yataamaa  wal-ma-saakiina  wabnas-sabiili,was-saaa-‘iliina  wa fir-riqaab.




‘Alaa  hubbihii –  (for love of Him) means for the love of Allah Almighty. It is known from this that only spending the money is not required but the purpose should be to spend in the path of God Almighty for the sake of Him. It has also been gotten from it that, “while the person has love for the wealth and he needs it also, and even then he spends the money”. From this we have also learnt the excellence of a strong believer that he has love for money in his heart, his wishes are alive, he wants to spend for his person and his pleasant charming things but he stoops his neck in front of the orders of Allah Almighty and stopping his wishes he spends for His sake, and sacrifices his personal affection upon the order of Allah Almighty.

zawil-qurbaa (relatives) there is a great wisdom hidden in supporting the relatives to provide them financial help. The Economic System of the entire Nation has been established on it. Every well-to-do person should look after at first his poor relatives, family members, brothers, sisters, brother’s sons, sister’s sons (nephews) and other relatives.

 fir-riqaab (to set slaves free) this is plural of Raqabah. Its literal meaning is neck. In usage it signifies towards the people who aren’t free and are ‘slaves’. From this order it means that by compensating to free them is righteousness.

It was commanded in the first part of this verse that the righteousness is not the name only to turn the face for worship towards any special direction but for becoming the Good first condition is to correct the beliefs and completion of the faith. Now other part of the righteousness is being discussed as financial sacrifice. It is commanded that “it is true that the human being has love for the wealth and property but the good person is he, who having love for money, spends it upon others for the sake and love of
God Almighty. Out of the needy and helpless deserving people first come near relatives, then the orphans, the poor, the wayfarer, the beggar, and the compelled and slaves who are deprived of freedom.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Proper Worship & Poor-due – Real Righteousness    

Verse –177c  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And observe proper worship and pay the poor-due.

Wa  ‘aqaamas-Salaata  wa ‘aataz-Zakaah.




It has been being mentioned for the last two lessons that real and true soul of the righteousness is not that a person observes worship considering any direction sacred and turning his face towards that direction. Moreover the real soul of the righteousness is to correct the beliefs, fair deals, to observe proper worships, to correct the manners and to do the works which have been explained in the Holy Qur’an that is to say the beliefs of the persons should be those for which the Holy Qur’an demands and the person should behave with other people as the Divine’s law guides.

After the faiths and the financial sacrifice the Holy Qur’an has discussed about the other part that is observing proper worship. Out of the acts of worship the greatest worship is physical and financial sacrifice. In the shape of physical worship it is offering the prayer and for the financial worship it is to pay the poor-due. Many excellences of the prayer have been explained in the Holy Qur’an itself on different places as well as it can also be found in a lot of Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

The Prayer has an important part in the Islamic society. The Prayer stops the human being from the evil and indecency, and keeps away from disobedience. The Prayer is ascension of the Believer. It strengthens the spiritual, moral and social life of the person.


In the financial worships paying the poor-due is the most basic worship. It is obligation on every well-to-do person that he should pay 2.5% out of his wealth once a year to the needy people in the path of Allah Almighty. This Zakah (poor-due) fixed by the Holy Qur’an is so much necessary and useful that if the Muslims pay it regularly then none out of the nation may starve to death. The situation of suicide can not arise due to poverty and unemployment. No body can wander from door to door for begging. Displacement, poverty, helplessness and bad situation will not remain in our society, the entire nation will become strong collectively, peace will increase and the doors will open for development.

Discussion about observing proper worship and paying the poor-due has come in the Holy Qur’an nearly together on each place. If those verses are collected in which the matters and orders about the prayer and Zakah are discussed then its collective quantity is about more than three hundred. It appears that how much important and great are these both obligations in Islam. Without observing proper worship and paying the poor-due regularly it is difficult to think about the Islamic society, though the Muslims who don’t perform this duty about them it is thought as adulterers and deniers, and out of the circle of Islam.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Keeping The Treaty – Genuine Righteousness    

Verse –177d  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And those who keep their treaty when they make one,

Wal-muufuuna  bi-‘ahdihim  izaa   ‘aahaduu,




After discussion about the faiths, affairs and worships now the topic regarding morality, manners and courtesy begins. The most excellent basic characteristic of the human being (to have a good moral character) is that he must keep his treaty, promise and agreement completely when he makes it with any other person. It is very necessary to keep the treaty for his personal life and for those persons with whom he concerns.

There are many forms of the treaty for example; the mankind makes treaty with his Lord Almighty or with the other persons. In our daily lives we have to make a lot of promises and agreements with the God Almighty, brethren, relatives and common people. In other words the treaties mean those responsibilities to which we make necessary upon ourselves to be completed strictly. For instance the God Almighty has taken covenant from us that as He is our Creator and Worshipped so we shall worship only of Him. At the time of trouble/necessity we shall pray only to Him. We shall believe as He is the One (God) and the Authority. Now it is our responsibility not to become the promise breaker.

Likewise we have promised with our brethren that we shall try our best to serve and obey the elders, educate and bring up our children, and correct our deeds. We shall help financially our dears and relatives. We have kept agreement with the common people that we shall perceive, help and care the orphan, the needy, the poor, the wayfarer, the beggar, and the compelled and slaves who are deprived of freedom. Now we should perform completely our responsibilities and not to behave carelessness from them.

Besides this it is also our responsibility that which task has been given in our charge or where we are serving, we should work honestly in exchange of the salary and wages which we get from the employer. It appeared that we have made any covenant in our practical lives with any person out of the countless human beings; we have lifted a very heavy bale of responsibilities over our heads. It is compulsory to complete our all responsibilities and engage ourselves with full honesty and excellent manners.

Today maximum people have become low in this matter. They do not care for the respect of their treaty in both the forms i.e. individually as well as collectively, and do not take the promise as a promise. It has reached the limit that national and countrywide treaties also remain firm till the time to avail against. As soon as anyone gets power, all the written treaties are broken.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Patience And Firmness – Actual Righteousness    

Verse –177e  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of stress. Such are they who are sincere. And such are the God-fearing.

Was-Saabiriina  fil-ba’saaa-‘i  waz-zarraaa-‘i  wa  hiinal-ba’s.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallaziina  sadaquu.  Wa  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul-Mutta-quun.




ba’saaa-‘un – (tribulation) it actually relates to the financial miseries.

Az-zarraaa-‘un – ((adversity) it belongs to physical diseases and distresses.

Hiinal-ba’s – (at the time of stress) that is to say during the war in the path of God Almighty.   


Saabiriina – (patients, full of patience) the persons who have capacity of bearing pains, inconvenience, etc., without complaining.

The Holy Qur’an has guided for interpretation of human manners, morality and courtesy, and commanded that these characteristics should be present in the person who has a good moral character. He should keep treaty made by him, accomplish his responsibilities with extremely good manner, pay special attention on the Rights of the God Almighty and the Rights of the devotees/mankind, and during the time of financial distresses, physical diseases and war against the enemies of God Almighty should bear with patience, perseverance and firmness.

In the practical life the human beings have to face different types of troubles, distress, pains and difficulties. Unemployment, adversity, economical misery, starvation and poverty, and likewise all other confusions use to tease the human being every day. The problems of the children’s education and bringing up them, the matters of their marriages and so like other difficult necessities vex him and he use to try and think about these matters day and night. Besides this diseases of various sorts and bodily pains use to besiege him as if today he is ill himself, tomorrow would be laying his any other family member on the bed, their treatment, medicines and cure become his other causes of confusion.

Then danger of enemy, fear of waging the war, possibility of destruction, depravity and ruin, risk of bustle and disorder, these all things keep the human being confused.

This verse ends here in which the Islamic concept of the righteousness has been presented. The persons, who keep the correct belief, sacrifice their property, observe proper worship and pay the poor-due regularly, keep the treaty, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and during the time of stress. Such people are they who are sincere. And such persons are true human beings, the Believers and the God-fearing.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Murder – Retaliation Of The Murder    

Verse –178a  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female.

Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-  manuu kutiba  ‘alaykumul-Qisaasu  fil-qatlaa.  ‘Al-hurru  bil-hurri  wal-‘abdu  bil-‘abdi  wal-‘unsaa  bil-‘unsaa.




Qatlaa – (the murdered persons) particularly those persons who are killed intentionally and purposely by someone.

Qisaasun – (Retaliation) that is to say for taking the revenge against any crime keeping it in equality/balance. According to the Divine’s Law technically the murderer will be killed or if any body has injured to some other person, he will be punished with the wound at the same scale and at the same part of the body.

Kutiba  ‘alaykum – (prescribed for you) the literal meaning of the word kutiba is ‘written’. Due to use of the word ‘alaa with it, now it means ‘prescribed’ and ‘obliged to do under regulations’.

During the times of darkness before Islam it was custom in the Arabians that if a person from any higher family was killed then they used to kill many persons from the family of murderer. If any slave was killed from the higher family, they used to kill any freeman from the family of killer desiring the killer would also be a slave because they considered the respect of higher family’s slave was equal to the freeman of a lower family; also it was more than that. So instead of killing the slave any freeman was to be murdered as revenge. Then if any female was killed out of the higher family by a female from the lower family, the heirs of the murdered female used to kill any male of that lower family leaving the murderer female. Because they thought that their female was equal to the male of lower family.

The Holy Qur’an finished this racial distinction and difference, and commanded that being the human beings all the persons are equal, their lives are alike, either any person is rich or poor, noble or mean, scholar or illiterate, young or old, healthy or ailing. If any female kills any male then only that woman should be killed. Because her life is equal to that male’s life. If any slave is the killer then only he will be murdered. If any mean person has murdered then in the retaliation that mean person will be killed only, not any other person.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

According To Usage & Kindness –

Retaliation Of The Murder    

Verse –178b  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And for him who is forgiven somewhat by his the (victims heir’s injured) brother, prosecution according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord, He who transgresseth after this will have a painful doom.

Faman ‘ufi-ya  lahuu  min  ‘akhiihi  shay-‘un-  fattibaa-‘um-bil-ma’-ruufi  wa  ‘adaaa-‘un  ‘ilayhi  bi-‘ihsaan.  Zaalika  takhfiifum-mir-Rabbikum  wa  rahmah.  Fama-ni’-tadaa ba’-da zaalika  fala-huu  ’azaabun  ‘aliim. 




Min  ‘akhiihi – (by his brother) it signifies towards the heir of the murdered. To excite the feeling of love he has been addressed with the word ‘brother’.

Ittibaa-‘um-bil-ma’-ruufi – (prosecution according to usage) its purpose is that if the heirs of the murdered forgive the retaliation of the murder, and agree to take the price of blood then it is the responsibility of the murderer to pay according to usage full reasonable payment with kindness, mercy and righteousness.

We have discussed in the previous lesson that which principle of the natural equation between the entire human beings has been fixed by the God Almighty that is “murder is in retaliation to the murder”. Now it is being commanded that the heirs of the murdered can forgive to the killer or they can give up after getting the blood money from the killer or they can also lessen some of the price of blood. The killer can escape from the punishment of ‘to be killed’ in these conditions.

Then it is ordered that if the heirs of the murdered agree to forgive the murderer and take the blood money then they should not demand too much heavy amount which would be out of the reach of the killer. They should not narrow him intentionally coming into anger or they should not begin to demand the entire blood money after forgiving the price of blood. Moreover they should receive proper and reasonable amount according to usage.

After urging the heirs of the murdered now the killer is being emphasized that he should also remit this amount very elegantly and beautifully. He should not try to prolong purposely, to grow intricacy or displeasure. The God Almighty has imposed perfect physical punishment of murder to the killer along with this method of reduction in punishment. Allah Almighty is the Merciful upon the mankind. With His Kindness He has reduced the punishment but if even then any person opposes or disobeys these laws and steps out of these limitations then The God Almighty will punish him painful.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Life Is In The Retaliation Of Murder    

Verse –179  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).

Wa  lakum  fil-Qisaasi  Ha-yaatuny-yaaa-‘ulil-‘albaabi  la-‘allakum  tattaquun.




Apparently it seems that punishment to kill the murderer as retaliation of murder is much heavy and strict, and it is thought that punishing the killer another life is destroyed intentionally. But if it is checked deeply an account about this command’s advisability and philosophy then this fact will be cleared that with it another life is not ruined but the life is gotten.

For example if the punishment of the murder is not fixed murder as retaliation then resultantly value of the human life would not remain. The cruel persons will murder fearless and without hesitation. Because they will know that they will be free after paying some penalty or bearing some imprisonment. Like this the human life will become much cheaper as it was present in the Arab practically during the time of illiteracy.

If the punishment of the murder isn’t murder, every wealthy person will kill the others on also customary matters and paying the penalty, he could be got free himself. But if according to the Islamic method the punishment of murder is fixed as murder means that the lives of all human beings are given equal respect, value of any life is fixed as the life of murderer then quantity of the murders will become very less, because they will know that if any one is killed by them, they won’t be able to get free paying the penalty. And he will be sentenced for the murder. In these situations the incidents of killing will stop and the people will find themselves safe. Though if the punishment of murder is not killing, the lives of the people will be destroyed but while the punishment of killing is killing, the lives of people are safe. This is  fil-Qisaasi  Ha-yaatun (there is life in the retaliation).

The Law of murder in retaliation is the law of justice and equality. It is the best guarantor of discipline, truthfulness and moderateness in all aspects of human life. So that none may tyrannize any other person and the rights of weak and strong become equal. While this law will be followed for some times, its soul will grow in the whole nation and the constitutionalism will become important part of life for mutual national peace.

Islam has fixed apparently severe punishments for the crimes but looking carefully, in fact those crimes deserve even more severe punishments. Less punishment will be cause to make the crime minor. Secondly purpose to punish severely is to stop the crimes not to make the punishment only a funny and enjoyable thing. Now a day this very is happening that the punished criminals commit more crimes. Neither they are corrected, nor do others take it as warning


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Testament For Property    

Verse –180  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



It is prescribed for you, when death approacheth one of you, if he leaves wealth, that he should bequeath unto parents and near relatives in kindness. (This is) a duty for all those ward off (evil).

Kutiba  ‘alaykum  ‘izaa  hazara

‘ahadakumul-mawtu  ‘in-  taraka  khay-ranil-wasiyyatu  lil-waalidayni  wal-‘aqrabiina  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haqqan  ‘alal-Muttaqiin. 




Khay-ra – (Wealth) the meanings of this word are betterment, welfare and deliverance. It is also used for pure wealth in the Holy Qur’an.

‘Al-wasiyyatu – (Bequeath, testament, making a will) its literal meaning are ‘to order’ and ‘to request’. According to the Divines law it means ‘those instructions which are arranged to make (a will) by the person who is at the death’s door for his/her followers/heirs, which are completed after his/her death. The religious scholars have mentioned many kinds of ‘Testaments’:

1.   Some testaments are proper (Waajib) for example paying the poor-due, security safeguard (trust) or the will to return the loans which is extreme necessary and duty to be completed.

2.   Some wills are Mustahib, likewise to bequeath for any good work or to give something to any that relative who can not get any part of hereditary/inheritance according to the Laws of Will.

3.   Some are only Mubaah that is to say to bequeath for any legal issue.

4.  Some are those which are forbidden to be completed as per the commands of the Holy Qur’an as if any body bequeaths for any unlawful deed which is prohibited to be done.

5.   Some Wills are called Maw-quuf. It is necessary to regard some limitations for this type of Will to be accomplished, for instance if any person bequeaths for more than one third (1/3) part of his property. Its execution depends upon dismissal of the other heirs. Some questions have been mentioned in the coming next verses about the matters of bequeathing. If we keep them also in front then all the matters will be solved.

There were Islamic commands mentioned in the previous verses regarding murder. Now instructions about the property/wealth of the dead are being discussed. On another place in the Holy Qur’an the shares of all the heirs and the rightful have been fixed. So the testament will be examined in the light of those shares. However it may be bequeathed out of the third part of the property.

Bil-ma’-ruuf  – (According to usage) this word has already used earlier. ‘Urf is its matter, that is to say the known matter like this, usually that would be considered as righteousness and betterment. So its one translation may be ‘according to the customs’. Fixing its condition in the Will all those badness have been stopped which a bequeathed could do due to being biased or displeasure that he might give someone more than his right and the other’s right might be lost.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Change In The Will    

Verse –181 & 182  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)


181.  Then whoso changeth (the will) after he hath heard it-the sin thereof is only upon those who change it. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Knower.

182.  But he who feareth from a testator some unjust or sinful clause, and maketh peace between the parties, (it shall be) no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

181.  Famam-baddalahuu  ba’-da  maa  sami-‘ahuu  fa-‘innamaaa  ‘is-muhuu  ‘alallaziina  yubad-diluunah.  ‘Innallaaha  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.


182.  Faman khaafa  mim-muusin-janafan  ‘aw  ‘isman-  fa-‘as-laha  baynahum  falaaa ‘isma  ‘alayh.  ‘Innallaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.




In this verse those persons have been warned who were present near the person who was at the death’s door at the time of bequeath, that if they will make any changes in the Will of the person who has died, then its sin will be upon them. It is possible that some people may try to make changes in the Will for their own benefits and then producing the changed Will may complete their wishes. The ignorant persons who don’t know the facts will apparently consider it error of the person who has bequeathed or the person who commanded decision on the Will that he has disinherited to a rightful person. This verse has cleared the compulsion of the both persons i.e. the person who has bequeathed or the person who commanded decision on the Will. And it has been told that the real criminals are those persons who have given false evidence and wrong testimony, and changed the testament (Will), gave the wrong statements and provided liar proofs.

To change the Will there is only one form mentioned lawful according to this verse that if any person feels that the testator has disinherited someone    unjust or sinful, and the bequest has been distributed unlawfully, guided against the Law of Lord Almighty or bequeathed with sin and unjust, for instance he has bequeathed to spend the property for the purpose which is legally forbidden, now in these forms the witness and the judge are allowed to advice the heirs correctly, make peace between the parties, and get the Will be changed.

It shall not be sin for them. So it is found that the real thing is the righteousness and act of sincerity.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prescription Of The Fasting    

Verse –183  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may ward off (evil)-

Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aamanuu  kutiba  ‘alay-kumus-Siyaamu  kamaa kutiba  ‘alallaziina  min-qablikum  la-‘alla-kum  tatta-quun.




‘As-Siyaamu – (act of Fasting, abstain from food and drink for a particular time) like Sawm (Fast) it has also infinitive mood. As per Divine’s law of religion act of Fasting means to abstain from drinking, eating and sexual friendship or enjoyment with effect from the dawn to sunset.

Fasting is prescribed for the Muslims during the month of Rama-zaan. In the Sayings of the Holy Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) it has been emphasized again and again to escape from the sins at the time the fast is kept, that is to say back biting, indecent talks, shamelessness, bad tempering etc.

It has been mentioned in the physiology that the best treatment to remove the physical diseases is Fasting. In addition to it self control and military life grows in the human being. As though, the Fasting is spiritual remedy on one side, and to correct the physical powers and to cure the diseases on the other side.

‘Alallaziina  min-qablikum – (the people before you) the The Fasting has been found in each religion and nation of the world in any shape. It had very special importance in the Divine’s law of the religions of Prophets Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets (peace be upon them). So signifying towards the ancestors the God Almighty commanded that ‘Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you’. Intention is that the person who keeps the Fast should abstain to complete his lawful and physical wishes till a particular time.

La-‘alla-kum  tatta-quun – (so that you may ward off (evil)). The God Almighty has also commanded even about the purpose of Fasting that is to say the Fasting is hence prescribed, so that the filth and dirt of the spirit may be removed, the fear of God and abstinence is grown. As physical health becomes fit due to abstinence from the use of harmful things likewise the spiritual ability of the human being develops due to abstinence from all the injurious to spirit and morality habits. This characteristic is called ‘Fear of God’ and piety. Second purpose of the Fast as mentioned in this Section is gratefulness which will be discussed later in the forthcoming verses.

The Fasting is the best useful recipe for health and spirit, individually as well as collectively. We should perform this duty extremely with honor and punctuality. Apparently there is much labour and difficulty in Fasting but if we see its advantages then we shall feel that these difficulties have no position comparing to its benefits.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Concession For Sick And Passenger     

Verse –184a  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


(Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number on other days;

‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudaat.  Faman-  kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa safarin-  fa-‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaamin  ‘ukhar.




‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudaat – (a certain number of days) it has been mentioned in this part of the verse that the Muslims would have to keep the Fast for a certain number of days for example the month of Ramadan during each year, some times which have 29 days ands some times 30 days.

Fixation of this length of time was very necessary for organization of the nation so that no body may change the quantity of the days for keeping or leaving the Fast according to his will. Moreover the Fasting is prescribed for the entire Believers that they all should keep the Fast on the same particular time and for the same particular duration to perform this blessed prescription. One advantage of the month of Ramadan is also that fasts come in different seasons and every person gets chance of fasting in the summer and the winter.

One aspect comes out of it that number of prescribed fasts is not to much long. It neither is that the fasting be kept for the entire year and nor for half or one forth of the year but only one month is prescribed in a year.

Time and duration was determined. But some concession was given to the people, who can not fulfill its limitations and conditions. Whenever these people get rid of their compulsions, they can keep fasting left of the month of Ramadan during any other month.

First of all the persons have been exempted who are ill and unable to keep the Fast due to their illness. There are different aspects of the illness. Moreover besides this the difference of seasons and age also effects. Here the illness aims which creates problem to keep fasting and that illness would be too much severe that the person can not keep the fast. Divine’s law of religion didn’t tell the name of illness but it has been left on the sincerity and truthfulness of the Muslims and on the opinion of a skillful doctor.

Besides the patients, the travelers have also been given concession. These both types of the people i.e. the patient and the traveler will have to complete their number of fasting during any other time during the year. But they should try to complete the left over fasts as soon as possible. Nobody knows that when the life and the time will end.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Ransom Of Not Fasting      

Verse –184b  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And for those who can afford it there is a ransom; the feeding of a man in need. But whose doeth good of his own accord, it is better for him:

Wa  ‘alal-laziina  yutii-quunahuu  fidya-tun  ta-‘aamu  miskiin.  Faman- tatawwa-‘a  khay-ran  fahuwa  khayrul-lah.




Yutii-quunahuu aims the persons who need to spend extraordinary strength for keeping the Fast and to bear the labour of Fast and it becomes very difficult for them, for example the old people, the pregnant and the mothers for sucking their young, weak and feeble persons etc.

Man- tatawwa-‘a – (whose person does good of his own accord, willingly)

It has been discussed about concession in this part of the verse for those people who have to bear much difficulty and trouble for keeping the Fast. They have been commanded that due to leaving the fasting they should use to feed bellyful any beggar or necessitious person two times daily and the standard of the food should be the same as usually remains their own.

Then it is said that actual ransom of leaving one fast is to feed two times to any poor person for one day. But if any person increases the quantity of the food that is to say if he feeds more than one poor person or keeps the standard up of the food to higher level, then it is much better for him. He will be rewarded surely for this goodness and kindness. His next world will also be dressed.

Islam emphasizes for alms, charity, liberality, kind behavior and good conduct every time, every where and in every condition but during the month of Ramadaan its importance increases. So before or on ending of this month the Alms “Fitr” is paid. That is also an important ring of this chain so that none of the Muslims would remain hungry.

The Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was very much liberal and generous. But it has been known from His (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Sayings that He (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to become too much generous and liberal likewise fast dust storm.

We should follow the foot-prints of our Great Leader and Guide the Last Prophet of God Almighty (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and take part in liberality and generosity surpassing one another. Perception of hunger of the hungry and poverty of the poor will increase if someone keeps the fast. So it is necessary that this perception should remain alive during prosperity and independence, and the poor deserving persons should not be forfeited from the help and support of the prosperous people.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Blessings Of The Fast     

Verse –184c  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And that ye fast is better for you if ye did but know.

Wa  ‘an- tasuumuu  khayrul-lakum  ‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun.




In this part of the verse importance, good and blessings of the Fasting have been discussed and told that although any reasonable excuse may compel the human being to postpone keeping the fast or pay the ransom, even then the advantages and blessings for keeping the fast which may be gotten only during the month of Ramadaan when someone will keep the fast. Those benefits can not be achieved from expiation or to be kept the postponed fast (kafaarah or Qazaa’). So it has been admonished that if you understand the virtues, advisability and philosophy of the fast then it is better for you to keep the fast and do not try un-necessarily to pick up the advantage from permission of the ransom etc.

Which prescription of the fast, its philosophy and necessary commands have been explained in this regard by the God Almighty in the previous verses of this Section, their summary is being presented again here as under:

1.   Fasting is prescribed for every adult Muslim male and female as it is one pillar of Islam out of five pillars. Carelessness, laziness and refusal from it are very big sins. The religious lawyers have fixed infidelity to the refusal from the prescription of the fast.

2.   The fast was also prescribed for the previous nations; the Islam has not invented any new thing.

3.   Purpose of the fast is to grow purity of the soul, abstinence, fear of God Almighty and devotion in the mankind.

4.   Number of the fasts is fixed that is to say during the month of Ramadaan which some times become of 29 days and sometimes 30 days.

  1.   If any person is sick in the month of Ramadaan and not able to complete the numbers of fasts then that person is permitted to keep the remaining fasts whenever he becomes healthy.
  2. If any person is on journey during these days, he also can complete his fasts during other days except Ramadaan whenever he is not in journey.

7.   Quantity of the Ransom is fixed equal to feed a beggar for two times. However if any person keeps the fast being entitled these concessions and takes part in the righteousness with his pleasure, that is also much better for him.

The narration of the fasting and its questions has not yet completed. It will remain in flow in this Section. May Allah Almighty bestow us the correct knowledge and deeds, understanding and admonishing.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Excellence Of The Month Of Ramadan     

Verse –185a  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur-‘an,

Shahru  Ramazaa-nallazii  ‘unzila  fiihil-Qur-‘aanu-




Ramazaa-n (the month of Ramadan) this word has come out from the word Ramaza, literal meaning of which is severity of sunlight and heat. It is ninth month of Islamic Calendar. Islamic year runs with lunar system instead of solar system and the lunar months use to exchange during different seasons. So the month of Ramadan also comes in the different seasons and the person who keeps the fast enjoys each type of season.

Allah Almighty has explained in this verse specialty and the cause of keeping fasts during the month of Ramadan, that is revelation of Holy Qur’an during this Holy Month.

The Holy Qur’an was revealed in reality by degrees and completed in between twenty three years. But its revelation had begun during this Holy Month of Ramadan. At first primary five verses of Surah ALAQ-96 (The Colt) were revealed upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in the Cave of Hiraa in this month. It has also come in the Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that the entire Holy Qur’an was revealed from the Tablet of the Safe (Laow-hi Mahfuuz) on the Sky of this world during the Night of Power (Lay-la tul Qadr) of the month of Ramadan, and then used to reveal by degrees on the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). This Night of Power (Lay-la tul Qadr) is a sacred and blessed night during the month of Ramadan. In the

Speech of Allah Almighty it has been told about this night that it is the most excellent night to one thousand months.

It has also come in the Sayings that as much as the Holy Qur’an were revealed in the year, that were caused to hear by the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him) to the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the month of Ramadan. In the last year of the outward life of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the Angel of God Almighty caused to hear Complete Speech of Allah Almighty and the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) listened.

The Speech of Allah Almighty revealed in the month of Ramadan, so the God Almighty prescribed the fasting to establish it’s token in this month. This Speech is The Guide Book for the life of human beings and fasting in the month of Ramadan is source to make the life pure. Those persons are blessed who find this month and keep fasting completely, and making their lives nice they join the group of sobers, God fearing and temperate.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Characteristics Of The Speech Of Allah     

Verse –185b  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


Guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong).

Hudal-linnaasi  wa  bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa  wal-furqaan.




To clear the excellence of the blessed month of Ramadan Allah Almighty explained in the beginning of this verse that Holy Qur’an, the Last Heavenly Scripture began to reveal upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in this month. Now three characteristics of the Holy Qur’an have been expressed as under:

1.   Hudan (guidance) – the Holy Qur’an is the spring of guidance for the entire human beings. Every person can get to know the straight path to reach the Creator and the sound destination of life only through the Holy Qur’an. Each source of guidance besides the Holy Qur’an will be wrong. Except it every path will be the path of depravity and deviation. Only Holy Qur’an is the Scripture which can guide towards the straight path. In the aggregate to pass the human life successfully the Holy Qur’an provides all those principles and codes regarding its all aspects which signify towards the straight path and real destination. It has been mentioned in this verse Hudal-linnaas (guidance for the whole mankind). For more details of the word ‘guidance’ please study Lesson # 9 Holy Qur’an (STRAIGHT PATH)

  1.    Bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa – (clear proofs of the guidance) the Holy Qur’an has so explained all the principles and codes of guidance that these have become entirely clear, easy, simple and light and every person can understand them with ease because excellence of the Holy Qur’an is ‘bayyinaat’ (clear proofs). So the principles of the Holy Qur’an are common sense, simple and practicable. Nothing is against the wisdom and no principle is impracticable.

3.   Al-furqaan – (the Criterion (separator of right from wrong) it is the third excellence of the Holy Qur’an that the persons who recite this Sacred Scripture, correct decision power grows into them. They become capable to make a distinction between true and false, just and absurd, truth and lie, faith and infidelity, correction and quarrel, obedience and rebellion, worship and refusal. They can distinguish between good and bad. So ‘Al-Furqaan’ (the Criterion (of right and wrong) is also the characteristic of the Holy Qur’an.


The book like this which has these three characteristics, if Her each command is not the Message of life for the human being then what is this? Its each command has been filled with countless auspiciousness, blessings and wisdoms.

Would that the Muslims too get themselves understand this Last Message of God Almighty, as well as admonish also to the world. If we are unable to spread the Speech of Allah Almighty in each corner of the world then it would be dishonesty in the Trust.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prescription Of The Fast     

Verse –185c  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month.

Faman-  shahida  min-kumush-Shahra  fal-yasumh.




It has been mentioned in this piece of verse that the person who remains alive till the month of Ramadan, he/she must keep the fasting. Concession is only for the sick (patient) and the passenger. Its detail has been discussed earlier and will also be stated again in the last part of this verse. It is ordered owing to the excellences of the month of Ramadan which are being discussed once again as an abstract.

It is the custom in every nation of the world to keep the fast for example on the day of Ashurah (10th of the first lunar month) the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation got freedom from the cruelty of the Pharaoh. So the fast of that day was begun in the children of Israel. The Law of keeping the fast is also present in the Christians.  Concept and custom of fasting is available in the Indians and other nations too. Details are different but the reality is present.

Fasting have countless virtues, it puts good effects on the health and spirit, the rich people are well-informed about the poor practically, equation produces between the people who eat bellyful and the people who suffer starving, Spiritual powers develop with it, sensual wishes are controlled, God fearing becomes strong in the mankind, for example if there is season of summer, every living thing feels severe thirst, the cold water has been placed in the house, no body is there to see the Faster, but he/she doesn’t drink the water.

This all is because the respect of the Command of Allah Almighty has settled down in his/her heart. Now no other power can defeat the person and while according to the Order of God Almighty he has made habit to leave the legal, lawful and pure desires during the month of Ramadan through fasting, then he won’t feel difficulty in leaving the illegal, unlawful and bad habits. This is the moral cleanliness of which purpose of fasting is to grow.

It has come in Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if a faster does not leave to tell a lie, absurd talks and useless deeds, then God Almighty does not care for his leaving to eat and drink. Though, the real purpose of fasting is to correct the morality. If the manners are not corrected, then there is no advantage of the fasting. It is the obligation on (us) the Muslims that due to so much virtue and importance of the fasting, we should keep the fasts every year of this month, respect the month of Ramadan and create physical, spiritual and moral characteristics into us, so that the purpose of the revelation of Holy Qur’an is completed, and the month of Ramadan be proved as the real festival and token of the revelation of Holy Qur’an.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Allah Desires Ease Not Hardship For You     

Verse –185d  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number on other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you;

Wa  man-  kaana  mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa  safarin  fa-  ‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaa-min  ‘u-khar.  Yuriidullahu  biku-mul-yusra  wa  laa  yuriidu  bikumul- ‘usr.




This fact has been disclosed in this verse of the holy Qur’an that the Natural Religion i.e. Islam is very easy and simple. Islam does not desire severe hardships, arduous labors and impracticable worships. Moreover a lot of capacity and countless facilities have been kept in Islam. Weak pressed persons have been conceded. There is none likewise command in the Divine Law of Islam in which consideration regarding circumstances, age, health, season and other compulsions and difficulties of the human being would not have been kept front.

It was commanded in the previous verse that whosoever out of you is present during the month of Ramadan, let him fast. Perhaps it might be considered by some persons that the entire persons have come under this command and there is no concession for the excusable persons. So now this command has been repeated that the persons who are sick or on journey, they can keep the fasting during any other month instead of the month of Ramadan and can get pleasure of the God Almighty.

It has also known by us from this verse that although apparently the commands of Divine are felt some quantity arduous and difficult but in fact those are for success, promotion and easiness of the straight path, because the God Almighty has no enmity with us that let He order us difficult. But He is our Creator, Worshiped and the Most Beneficent. He keeps regard in each condition for easiness and facility. His each command is for our advisability of life and prosperity.

The orders to which we suppose difficult, in fact those are easy too. We consider them difficult due to our own laziness and comfort. Really we have never heard till to day that either any person has died due to the fasts of Ramadan or somebody has become sick. In spite of this we have seen that the persons have recovered from illness due to keeping the fast, and then what will let you say about the spiritual power.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Other Intentions Of The Fast     

Verse –185e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.

Wa  litukmilul-‘iddata wa litukabbirullaaha ‘alaa maa hadaakum wa la-‘allakum tashkuruun.




Great aim of fasting is fear of God (abstinence) as it has been discussed earlier in the verse 83, (Lesson # 187). Now in the last part of this verse other three purposes of the fasting have been mentioned.

litukmilul-‘iddata (you should complete the period) it means that the disabled people may keep the fasts in another time besides the month of Ramadan and complete the calculation of that month. It is the Grace and Kindness of Allah Almighty that if any person couldn’t perform his prescription in time and might not execute the command on due time, then he is given another chance so that he may fulfill the order of God Almighty and could get His pleasure, though the accomplishment of the commands of the Divine is necessary. Advantage may be gained from the facilities but can not be ignored.

Litukabbirullaaha (that you should magnify Allah) purpose is to sing the songs of magnificence and greatness of Allah Almighty acting upon His bestowed Guidelines. It is also Mercy of God Almighty that He has shown us the straight path with His wisdom and knowledge, the person who goes that path remains safe from each calamity. The mankind should try to gain prestige the name and religion of Allah Almighty, remain busy to magnify the religion day and night, and try to get delight of Allah Almighty every time, elevate His name in the East and the West, so that no nation might remain deprived from the guidance.

la-‘allakum tashkuruun (peradventure you may be thankful) third aim of the fast is that we thank God Almighty on His blessings and be grateful to Him for His favours. Meaning of thanking for blessings of Allah Almighty is that we should use those blessings in the determined manner. We should not disdain and be ungrateful for the facilities which have been provided to us by Allah Almighty. Moreover we should use in good and correct manner His given powers, virtues, blessings and abilities.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Supplication  

Verse –186a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely   I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calleth unto Me.

Wa ‘izaa sa-‘alaka ‘ibaa-dii ‘annii fa-‘innii Qariib. ‘Ujiibu da’- watad-daa-‘i   ‘izaa da-‘aani,




Annii (concerning Me, about Me) that is to say they ask about My nearness and distance. Some religions have considered that the God Almighty has so much distance and high from us that reaching there is entirely impossible. Islam rejected this wrong belief and told that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human being.

Innii Qariibun (surely I am nigh (near) it means that Allah Almighty is also near to the mankind in accord with His knowledge and acquaintance, as well as near to him for listening his prayer and admitting too. In the Holy Qur’an it is commanded in another place “Surely I am nearest too than his main vein (of human being)”.

It is the Soul of the religion that the person would cut off every one and be just of only one God (Allah), pay for a boon from Him , raise hands for asking in front of Him, his life and death, his worship and sacrifice would be for Him only. For growing this soul Allah Almighty taught to pray and commanded that I am not far away from the human beings. Moreover while any person calls Me with complete sincerity leaving every thing, then I hear his supplication, answer him, accept his prayer, and fulfill his desire.

In the Saying (Hadith) it comes that during the last third part of the night Allah Almighty comes to the nearest sky and proclaims, “Is there any suppliant, I accept whose prayer? Is there any beggar, to whom I bestow? Is there any one asking for forgiveness to whom I forgive? The Prophet of God Almighty (Peace Be upon Him) once said that the prayer is worship. In another Hadith it has come that Allah Almighty is so much modest and kind that He does not wish to return any one who prays with empty handed. But there is a condition for accepting the prayer that the heart shouldn’t be indolent and careless. It does not depend only in this last part of night, Allah Almighty hears call of every caller (the person who requests earnestly) every time, on every place, on the condition that he should call with sincere and honesty.

In this verse how the God Almighty has filled strength and trust for the helpless human beings, hope for broken hearts, expectation for the sinners, support for the tired ones. If the mankind doesn’t ask from Him then from whom he would ask. But how much indolent and cruel is this human being that he feels shame when requesting to Him and hesitates spreading hands in front of Him.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Two Conditions For The Supplication  

Verse –186b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


So let them hear My call and let them believe in Me, in order that they may be led aright.

Fal- yastajiibuu  lii  wal-yu’-minuu  bii  la-‘allahum  yar-shuduun.




It was stated in the previous lesson that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human beings. He is aware most of their circumstances. He is apprised their needs, knows their advisability, wishes their welfare and betterment, hears their call, accepts their supplication, and treat them with kindness and blessing. Now two conditions have been commanded by God Almighty for acceptance of the supplication:

Fal- yastajiibuu  lii – (So let them hear My call, they should obey My order) it also includes the meanings – to agree, to believe, to suppose, to confess, to admit. First condition of the supplication is that the suppliant should obey the commands, guidelines and manners instructed by the God Almighty.


Wal-yu’-minuu  bii – (and let them believe in Me) the words iimaan (belief) and Mu’-min (believer) have also derived from this word. It has already been explained about the word ‘Belief’ that is to say, to promise, to accept with the tongue, to believe in the heart and to devise for practice likewise the belief. It is the second condition for acceptance of the supplication. Besides these basic conditions many other conditions have also been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and the Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), for instance; to pray for right and correct thing, to beg with faith and sincerity, lawful earnings, to eat pure food, to be remained good etc.   


Some times our prayers are not accepted, then we should not become desperate and broken hearted, and think that any command or decision of the God Almighty is never without philosophy and advisability. However it may be suspicion of defects and weaknesses in our supplication. It is also possible that the acceptance of supplication may be hurtful for us. So we should believe of betterment on the decision and philosophy of God Almighty.

Secondly we should bear in mind that due to non acceptance of some supplications it is not reasonable that there is no use of praying. Because some times no medicine becomes useful in any disease, but the treatment is not left. So there is no reason to leave the praying due to non acceptance. It would be certainly any reason in non acceptance. The God Almighty knows our advisability. He desires our betterment. So we should also pray all the times, again and again in front of Him, practice on His Guidelines, because it is the path of success.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Relation Between Husband And Wife  

Verse –187a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them.

‘U-hilla  lakum  laylatas-Siyaamir-rafasu  ‘ilaa  nisaaa-‘i-kum.  Hunna  libaasul-lakum  wa  ‘antum  libaasul-lahunn.




‘Ar-rafasu – (to go in unto (wives), literal meaning of the word rafasa is ‘the speech or talk which excite sexual feelings and sensual wishes. Here it means ‘to sleep together of husband and wife for intercourse’.

You know that the orders of the Islamic Divine were revealed slowly and gradually. Like the people of the Scripture (the children of Israel) the Muslims also used to refrain to commit sexual intercourse with their wives after sleeping at night during the month of Ramadan. It has been softened through this verse, and permitted to commit sexual intercourse at night.

It discloses that the Islam doesn’t desire to efface entirely the wishes and feelings. Moreover it desires to put all the works into the orders and will of the God Almighty. Do any work whenever Allah Almighty wishes and stop to do it whenever it is forbidden by Him because He understands best about our betterment and advisability. We don’t know about profit and loss for ourselves.

Besides the fasting there is no restriction for husband and wife of day and night. But it is forbidden in the day time during the fasting. If anybody disobeys this order, he will either keep the fasts for sixty days continuously as punishment of one broken fast or set free a slave or feed sixty poor persons.

Libaasun – (raiment, clothing), it has been revealed about near relation of husband and wife commanding them clothing of each other which is inference from one another to them with the permission of God Almighty. this simile of raiment is present in many forms for instance their near relationship between them, their need of each other, their perfect bodily nearness, grace and beauty for one another, and being reason of satisfaction and facility, best of all that concealing blemishes although being perfect trusty of one another.

Please think that how much things have been made one to understand using the one word Libaasun ‘the raiment’. It is necessary for husband and wife (both) that they should prove themselves clothing (confident), trustworthy, secret keepers, hearty rest provider and cause of pleasure for one another.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Object Of Holding Intercourse    

Verse –187b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


Allah is aware that ye were deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy towards you and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained for you,

‘Alimallaahu  ‘annakum  kuntum  takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum  fataaba  ‘alaykum  wa  ‘afaa  ‘an-kum.  Fal-‘aana  baashiruu-hunna  wabtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum,




Takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum – (you were deceiving yourselves) some weak Muslims used to convict themselves of deception.

Baashiruu-hunna – (hold intercourse with your wives)

In the previous lesson it has been mentioned that in the beginning of Islam the Muslims did not use to go in unto their wives on the night of the fast like the people of the Scripture. But some of them could not control themselves and either broke this restriction due to being subdued of their sexual feelings or grew desire and intention of deception in the heart of someone. The God Almighty cleared this matter and permitted to hold intercourse with their wives also like eating and drinking at night.

‘Abtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum – (seek that which Allah hath ordained for you) ‘abtagaa’ means to try to get and seek for any thing. maa  kataballahu  lakum (which Allah hath ordained for you). It signifies towards ‘the children’ and breed which is produced in the conclusion of intercourse.

In addition to the permission a warning has also been given. That is to say the purpose of going in unto wives should be to produce the children. Although someone gets natural taste also from the act of intercourse but Islam has kept the real and bigger intention from this act which is attainment of the children and augmentation of the breed, so that the individual deliciousness may become the cause of collective gain.

It has become evident from this guidance of the Holy Qur’an that birth control and pregnancy prohibition etc all are the wrong and unlawful paths. It is the natural result of holding intercourse. One should keep hope of it and wait for it. Only the sensualist-ness has no object.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Timings Of The Fasting   

Verse –187c of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall.

Wa  kuluu  wash-rabuu  hattaa  yata-bayyana  lakumul-khaytul-‘abyazu  minal-khaytil-‘aswadi  minal-Fajr.  Summa  ‘atimmus-Siyaama  ‘ilal-layl.



Al-Fajr – (the dawn) it does not mean the false dawn but that is the light of early in the morning which can be seen some time later than just before daybreak, while the light begins to spread towards east and the west, that is called ‘dawn of the day’. Till that time (dawn of the day) meals (or food) may be taken for keeping a fast. It has been much appreciated in the Sayings of the Prophet (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to take meals (or food) during the last time. The Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that Bilaal (May Allah be pleased on him) uses to call very early (during false dawn) for preparing the people for prayer, so don’t stop eating on his call or looking only light in the north and south. Moreover consider reliable spreading the light.

Once Omar (May Allah be pleased on him) instructed that care to eat and drink at the time of keeping the fast is necessary when morning light becomes clear on the paths and peaks of the hills.

‘Al-layl – (the nightfall) commencement of the night in Arabic begins immediately at the end of the day and sunset, so the next date of Islamic Calendar (Lunar Year) begins immediately after the sunset. On the contrary the date of solar year is changed after passing the midnight. ‘ilal-layl (till nightfall) means “break the fast as soon as the night enters”. It does not mean to keep the fast till spreading the darkness of the night.

Before this order the Muslims used to sleep after breaking the fast. Then they did not use to eat anything till next evening. They have been permitted to eat, drink and sleep with their wives after breaking the fast till the light of early in the morning.

It is another concession and facility which was bestowed afterward that it is permitted to the people to eat and drink till the time the white thread becomes distinct from the black thread of the dawn and then the fast will be observed the entire day after finishing the time of meals (or food) for keeping a fast till the time sun sets and the darkness begins to spread.

It is also known from this order that without taking meals for keeping and breaking the fast continuously is odious. Islam teaches us the path of temperance, does not like severity and strictness. So the manner which has been fixed by the Divine, we should follow it strictly and which concessions have been given we should get advantage from them.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque   

Verse –187d of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques.

Wa  laa tubaashi-ruuhunna  wa  ‘an-tum  ‘aakifuuna, fil-masaajid.




Laa tubaashi-ruuhunna – (touch the wives not) here the word ‘to go in unto the wives’ has been used in the spacious meanings that is to say, not only to stop from committing a sexual intercourse but kissing and bugging is also forbidden during curbing one’s passion from religious motives continuing in the mosque (sitting by oneself in the mosque and think of God Almighty) particularly during the third Ashrah of the month of Ramadan.

‘Aakifuuna – (to be at devotions) its literal meanings are “to keep oneself preventing from the use of anything or make something necessary over oneself. Technically it means ‘endowing oneself for worship sitting in the mosque’

Another order has been delivered regarding the fasting, “don’t go in unto your wives while you are being at your devotions in mosque”. Some more necessary commands regarding “e’tikaaf” (being at devotions in mosque) are stated below:

It is necessary for the persons who have to be at devotions that they should remain in the mosques every time during that period, also eat, drink, sleep and wake there. They may come out of the mosque only at the time of bodily and lawful needs. The minimum period for the devotions is one day and there is no limit for excessive period. It is declared from the word fil-masaajid that the devotions should always be in the mosques. However it can be observed by the women in any corner of the home instead of the mosques.

Conversation is lawful during the devotions on the condition it should not be against the reverence of the mosque and the respects of the devotions.

It was the habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to be at His devotions in the mosque complete ten days during the last Ashrah of the month of Ramadan and broke His entire relation from the worldly matters. So to be at one’s devotions in the mosque is reasonable practice of the Prophet Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), which means that if any one person out of a ward observes this practice then this responsibility ends from others.

Being at devotions has many advantages – there is no any other method to become fresh for the purpose of belief and to achieve the spiritual strength, because during that period the mankind passes his time continuously in worship and obedience. He remains in solitude and loneliness.

We should act accomplished upon this practice of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), get the light of faith, achieve the vicinity of God Almighty, be entitled of pleasure of the Messenger Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and purify ourselves completely at the very least a few days, break the relation with worldly relations and matters for some time and attend to the Real Worshiped.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Limits Imposed By Allah   

Verse –187e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His Revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil).

Tilka  huduudullahi  falaa taq-rabuuhaa.  Kazaalika  yubay-yinullaahu  ‘Aayaatihii  linnaasi  la-‘allahum  yatta-quun.




Tilka (These) it signifies towards those six/seven orders which have been expounded in the earlier lessons.

Huduudun – (plural of Hadd which means limits) it aims the limits of the customs, codes and regulations imposed by the God Almighty not to approach them as pressed again and again in the Holy Qur’an.

‘Aayaat – (Verses) means orders, customs, laws, rules and regulations.

The Holy Qur’an has explained all concerning rules and regulations after discussing about blessings and becoming obligation of the fasting also cleared the necessities and codes of being at one’s devotions in the mosque. Now it has been warned in this last piece of this verse that all the laws, principles, limits and prohibitions have been deduced by the God Almighty.

It will not be a customary thing to turn the face from them and disobey. Moreover the God Almighty has exposed them Who has the Knowledge and Philosophy, His Guidance and Commands are rightful, based on advisability and guarantor of betterment and success. This world and the hereinafter will become better with their execution and following. Disobedience and refusal from them will become forerunner of distressed and destruction. So nobody should cross these limits and should remain within the imposed limits of Him.

As the God Almighty has expounded in detail the commands regarding the fast, its limits, timing, to be at devotions in mosque and other concerning matters, like this He commands about remaining orders for mankind’s betterment and prosperity in detail. Fear of God, control of the passions, spirit of obeying and obedience, sincerity and sacrifice, chastity and honesty, good nature and well wishing will grow in the human being due to strongly abide by these rules.

The person can not establish himself any path for his advisability and betterment due to less sense nature. He needs instructions of a Sage and Excellent Life, an Aggregate Scholar and an Absolute Master which is One i.e. the God Almighty. He has guided us towards success and prosperity with His extremely Kindness. So we should go on the straight path without hesitation and get the real object.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

To Eat Up Others’ Property Unjustly   

Verse –188a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity,

Wa  laa  ta’-kuluu  ‘am-waalakum-   bay-nakum-  bil-baa-tili 




Laa  ta’-kuluu – (do not eat) this word has been originated from the word ‘akala which means ‘to eat’. Technically it doesn’t mean only ‘to eat’ but it also signifies to use the property after getting it unlawfully.

‘Am-waalakum – (property of one another) all the Muslims are being addressed and here it doesn’t mean ‘your property’ but it aims ‘the property of one another out of you’.

Bay-nakum – (mutually themselves) the wise persons have told that the circle of this word is very spacious. This order is not limited only on the property of the Muslims; it also means the property of the entire human beings. Desiring they are either Muslims or Infidels, getting the property of any person with treachery, deception, oppression and in vanity is illegal and unlawful.

Bil-baa-tili – (unjustly, unfairly) it aims every illegal manner of the possession of others property. There can be a lot of forms of it but the lawful method is only one. The method, which will be adopted except this one, will be considered unlawful and unjust.

It was intended from the prescription of the fasting that the spirits of the persons of nation would become pure, they may grow first of all the habit into them to leave the usage of lawful things to get the willingness of God Almighty, so that it may become easier for them to leave the unlawfully gotten property in future and they abstain entirely from it.

To live collectively and mixing up with each other the need to exchange the things is certain. So it is commanded, “And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity” (you should not try to eat up the property of any other person in vanity during mutual money dealings), you should leave all at once to plunder, to entangle in gambling, to get the property with deception, fraud, cleverness and other unfair means, like this the charges of singing and playing upon the musical instruments, business of wine for example making, buying and selling it etc, to take bribe, false evidence, to embezzle in trust, to eat up the property of weak and helpless person in vanity are unfair methods. The human beings should ward off these evils.

The Holy Qur’an has left its decision usually on the people’s own conscience that every person should feel his responsibility at his own, correct his behaviour and character, keep fear of his actions’ accounts in his mind, every matter be dealt with honesty and trust so that the government might need to interfere only in the proper and particular matters.

Abridgement of this verse is, “it is not the only goodness to leave the pure and lawful things during the month of Ramadan but the real goodness is to leave eating up and getting unlawful property of others forever. Never acquire any one’s property with deception, fraud, dishonest, tyranny, oppression or unjust. To get bribe and illegal gifts is unlawful. As the spirits of the Muslims will become pure with the fasting like this their deeds and actions will become nice by following these orders. It will affect blessed on morality, social deeds, politics, and justice as far as every field of life.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse –188b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


Nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.

Wa tudluu bihaaa ‘ilal-huk-kaami  li-ta’-kuluu  fariiqam-min  ‘amwaalin-naasi  bil-‘ismi  wa  ‘antum  ta’-lamuun.




Tudluu – (don’t seek gain by supplying money or any other valuable thing to the officials for getting their favor. Don’t put affect on the rulers/officers either bribing them or giving them property as financial gifts t0 approach and get unlawful advantage).

Fariiqan – (part, share) it also means any group or party but here it has been used as portion or part.

Bil-‘ismi – (unjust, untrue) all kinds of evils are included in the meanings of the word ‘ism.

The Holy Qur’an has forced here on two things for justice, equity and security of the rights of people in the society:

1.   If any body intends to put affect on the rulers and officials, and wins their influence through tributes, presents, gifts, holding feasts and bribe, and uses all other likewise means, these all are unlawful. Because doing so the rulers may become partial and supporter, the balance/scale of the justice is bent, existence of the truth-loving and justice ends, tyranny and rights destruction becomes common, liar claims, false documents, liar evidences, false oath forms and slinking away from the true talk becomes public. Due to these evils corruption spreads, ratio of murder and killing increases. This law has been made to escape from all these evils because it is necessary to keep the rulers/officials neutral, just-lovers and partial of the right so that nobody may try to temp the officials with his property/wealth.

  1.   Secondly the Holy Qur’an has commanded us that due to each person’s conscience the mankind attends towards goodness in each matter and business/money dealings and his heart reproaches him on evil. It is clear that however the matters will be decided by the best court and the best just ruler according to situation of the law-suit and evidence of the witnesses and it is possible to err and slip into them. So in spite of the decision of any Justice or Ruler actual criminal may escape from crime in their eyesight and the evil-doer from punishment of his evil. But the conscience of the human being can not deceive him on the condition that he would not have killed his conscience pressing it again and again.

It has come in the Sayings that once the Messenger (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that any case is brought to Me, the plaintiff proves it correct while the Right is on the other side, I decide according to the statement. But he should understand that unlawfully getting the property of a Muslim is likewise getting the Fire.        


Account Of The Moon

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –189a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moon. Say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the Pilgrimage.

Yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil- ‘Ahil-lah.  Qul  hiya  mawaaqiitu  lin-naasi  wal-Hajj.




‘Ahil-lah – (the new moon) ‘Ahil-lah is plural of Hilaal. About the moon the questions of the people were nearly like, “first rising of the moon, then it’s increasing date-wise and then its decreasing date-wise, and then till the time its disappearing – why it is so? And what is the reason of these changes?

Mawaaqiitu – (time, season) it is plural of miiqaat which means prescribed time or instrument and a measure of the time.

The changes which come in the moon, those may be commonly seen and felt. It is a natural thing to ask about these things by the mankind because he remains restless to get the more and excessive sciences. Some people asked from the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) about the reasons of increase and decrease of the moon. What are the causes of rising and disappearing of it? The Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) replied these questions with the inspiration of God Almighty, “it is the advantage of increasing and decreasing of the moon that it becomes easy to fix the days, dates, months and years for worldly matters and lawful accounts of the people with it.

The root of worshiping the whims and plurality would be cut with this clear statement of the Holy Qur’an. Many nations of the world used to adore the moon. These like nations adored the new moon believing it demi-god, increasing moon was considered blessed and the decreasing as wretched. So these people did not use to even marry during the last dates of the moon. The Holy Qur’an declared the purpose of increasing and decreasing of the moon that the times and period for work of the human being can be fixed easily with it. It also helps in worships and lawful accounts besides the worldly matters. The word ‘Pilgrimage’ has been particularly used here because it was a very important section of the lives of Arabian people.

Due to some extra advantages in the Lunar account the Holy Qur’an has preferred it from the Solar account:

  • In the solar calendar a lot of difficulties happen because it remains in the same condition. Which customary change comes due to rising to the sun and setting, the people can not guess it.
  • Availability of well acquainted person who keeps the correct solar account is much difficult in backward and uncivilized territories.
  • Every body (literate and illiterate) can estimate the time and date due to regularly equal changes in the conditions of the moon.
  • The weather doesn’t affect on the rising to the moon and setting. So different months use to come in different weathers on the entire earth and the Muslims of each country and territory can perform their worships turn by turn in each season.


A Custom Of Ignorance

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –189b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.

Wa  laysal-birru  bi-‘an-  ta’-tul-  bu-yuuta  min- zuhuurihaa  wa  laakinnal-birra  manittaqaa.  Wa’-tul-bu-yuuta min  ‘abwaabihaa;  wat-taqullaaha  la-‘allakum  tuflihuun.




Before Islam it was tradition during the time of ignorance that when the people of Arab used to fasten their determination dress during the days of pilgrimage, they considered inauspicious and ill-omened to enter their houses through the gates/doors. Moreover they used to enter making doors in the back walls of their houses or climb on the roofs from the backyard of their houses and leap in their houses. They used to suppose it unto themselves a great worship and respect of the temple of Makkah (Ka’-ba). Looking them doing so some Companions (may God Almighty be pleased with them) of the Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) also were fallen in this misunderstanding and deemed against the respects of determination to enter through the doors of their houses in determination dresses.

In this verse this misunderstanding has been removed and told that righteousness is not in it to enter the house from its back and the righteousness is not in it also to consider worship to any self invented statement. Moreover it is the righteousness that the Orders of God Almighty is obeyed, be frightened from disobedience of His Commands, be temperate from evil doings and whenever you wish to enter your house, come in from its door/gate, leave ancient customs and invented concoctions/wrongs and act upon the Guidance of the God Almighty.

It has also been cleared from it that each those actions which are not verified or supported by Holy Qur’an and the Sayings of Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), to understand them as worship in personal heart and admit them in the Divine law of religion or make them compulsory over personal life are sins and that is called heresy.

Then it has also become evident that the real righteousness is the fear of God Almighty, that is to say, to embrace His Orders whole heartedly and act upon them, to have fear from disobedience of Allah Almighty, use to escape from His forbidden affairs. This righteousness is required by the God Almighty and this is the touch-stone of mankind’s’ actions and his life’s goodness and badness.

At the end it has been expounded that the result of the righteousness like this is perfect success and achievement of the object. This verse reminds us again that God fearing and success have how much deep relation between each other. The Fear of God Almighty is the basic principle of fame/respect and comfort forever in both the Worlds.


Fight In The Way Of Allah Almighty

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –190 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


And fight in the Way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.

Wa  qaatiluu  fii  sabiilil-laahil-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum  wa  laa  ta’-taduu.  ‘Innallaaha  laa yuhibbul-mu’-tadiin.




Qaatiluu – (fight) it is derived from the word Qataal which means ‘to fight’. The Muslims are being commanded at the stage when the enemies and oppressors of Islam have pulled down tyranny upon them. This oppression was not only for a few days, it also was used to pull down for thirteen years during the stay in Makkah. Having patience in reply of aggression and cruelty of Infidels, when the Muslims left their homes and native land, and colonized in Madina then they were permitted to fight against the enemies for protection after so long and hard trial which was also due to their attacks and strictures again and again.

Fii  sabiilil-laahi – (in the Way of God Almighty) that is to say not for their own need, but only for benediction of Allah Almighty, to efface the plurality, to support the Right Religion and to get pleasure of the God Almighty.

Al-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum – (those who fight against you) namely those people who raised the weapons over you. There have been revealed two things from these words:

  • The war was neither begun first by the Muslims and nor they were to be so. All the battles fought by the Muslims against Infidels in which Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) participated were only for defence and protection purpose.
  • The war would only be fought against those people who participate practically in it. All the old persons, children, women, patients and impartial persons are excluded. It is not lawful in Islam to fight against them. However all the enemies are included in Al-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum who are busy in preparations against Islam and the Muslims, and are helping the fighters in any form.

Laa  ta’-taduu – (don’t begin hostilities) this word has come out from the word ‘i’-ta-daa which means ‘to advance from the just’ and go forth from the limits. It may have many forms:

  • The meaning of ‘the Limits’ can be the limits of Divine of the Religion, for instance to kill also those persons of enemy nation emotionally as revenge and anger who have not participated in the battle, to burn their crops, gardens and fruit-bearing trees and to kill their speechless animals.
  • Aim of ‘the limit’ may also be the limit of agreement, for example ‘not to care also the agreements personally following the other nations and attack starting faithlessness to their promise’.
  • One other form of crossing ‘the limit’ may be ‘to fight for any other cause or purpose besides Fii  sabiilil-laahi (in the Way of God Almighty)’.


The Battle And Expatriation

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –191a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out,

Waq-tuluuhum  hay-su  saqif-tumuuhum  wa  ‘akhrijuu-hum-min  hay-su  ‘akhrajuukum




‘Uq-tuluuhum – (slay them, kill them) hum means those persons who have come out for battle. This command is not for all the times but it is only for the duration of the war.

hay-su  saqif-tumuuhum – (wherever you find them) that is to say the persons who fight against you and kill the persons out of you, slay them wherever you find them in the battlefield, then don’t stop your hands.

min  hay-su  ‘akhrajuukum – (the places whence they drove you out) it signifies towards Makkah – the Infidels and Idolaters drove the Muslims out from Makkah.

It has been commanded to slay, to fight and to strive in this verse. The enemies of Islam remain in endeavour that the Muslims may not raise,

They should be removed from the face of the earth. Therefore the existence of these like enemies is the cause of danger every time for the Muslims. So wherever the Muslims overcome upon them, if they don’t like to live as peaceful citizens and don’t shun from the wickedness then ‘slay them’.

The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) constructed the Temple of Makkah (Baytul-laah, Khana Ka’-ba) for the purpose that all the persons of the entire earth should come for purely worship of the God Almighty. His real heirs were the Muslims, because only they were the representatives of the religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) out of the entire nations, and were regular on the Divine of God Almighty and the true religion. The Muslims wished to make it the centre of the Religion Islam from the beginning. But the Infidels and Idolaters opposed the Muslims. They stood in their way, prevented them to say the truth, oppressed and tyrannized them. Even that they exiled the Muslims from Makkah.

Leaving their native land and the centre the Oppressed Muslims came to Madina for living.  The Infidels didn’t let them remain also  in peace there, did different types of conspiracies, continued vexing and to go against them, prevented the Muslims from Pilgrimage, hindered extremely in Islamic invitation, and began attacking on the Madina. In these circumstances, the Muslims were ordered to slay these types of Infidels wherever you find them. And exile them for getting back your native land and spiritual centre, because their harassments have crossed the limits.

Life of a Muslim is the correct model for the humanity. He is follower of the natural religion i.e. Islam. He is a flag-holder of excellent manners with his word and deed. Being pattern of the perfect humanity he should be provided the right of living with complete freedom. The Islam neither snatches freedom of anyone, nor can sacrifice its own freedom, nor can tolerate like this any constitution, way of life and system which might be peace-breaker, false worshipper, enemy of God, and cause of dishonour for the nobility and humanity.



Persecution Is Worse Than Slaughter

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –191b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


for persecution is worse than slaughter.

wal-fitnatu  ‘ashaddu  minal-qatl.




al-fitnatu – (persecution, mischief) it has been derived from the word fatana. Its literal meaning is to put the gold into the fire for purifying. It also means only to put into the fire. Technically it is also called for the meanings of ‘trouble, difficulty, pain, test/trial and examination. Besides it, it comes in the meanings of ‘to persecute in the way of God Almighty, unrest, murder, plundering, and to push back forcibly from the religion too. In this verse it has been used as these last meanings.

To slaughter a person is very great badness. But greater badness than it is ‘to try to snatch any person’s independence by someone as though the right of the life, crush their rights, wish to remove a nation only for the purpose that she is displeased from the plurality and convinced with Oneness of God Almighty, wish to spread infidelity and plurality in place of Unity (Oneness of God Almighty). If this persecution and mischief will not be removed, then its spreading day by day will become so common that any nation would not remain living. Moreover the entire mankind will come into the entanglement of the fire of war, altercation and slaughter. So, if it is compulsory to kill a few persons to burry the persecution, then there is no harm because a little sacrifice has no significance for stopping the great badness.

Islam is the religion which shows the path of humanity, good manners, truth and just, goodness and God fearing to the human being. So opposing this religion is just like enmity against the humanity and to renounce it is like denying the life. The person, who falls back from Islam, invites his own destruction and ruin. So who becomes separate from it, likewise goes into the mouth of death. Each that person who stops the people from the natural religion like Islam, he is mischief-monger. If he will remain living, he will deform the morality and good actions of the people. So the existence of this enemy class of the humanity is unbearable. It is better to finish it so that one sheep may not spoil the entire. His mischievousness, hostile enmity of peaceful preaching is synonymous of plundering the natural independence of the mankind. And at last it will bring the world towards persecution and mischief, massacre, rebellion and unrest. So it is better to cut the root of it even now, before starting slaughter and bloodshed at the spacious range.

It is also worth considering that ‘to kick out from homes, to banish or slaughter’ are the matters for afterward, the real thing is due to which these things appear. So there is a need to cut the root for stopping the expulsion, exilement and bloodshed, and that root is persecution/mischief. All the forms of persecution and mischief should be removed, desiring it becomes necessary to slaughter for them, because it produces the spacious slaughter. To spread the unjust persecution is very bad thing and also worse than slaughter. So killing the mischief-makers is very great kindness over the humanity.


Reverence Of The Inviolable Place Of Worship

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –191c & 192 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers.

  1.  But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.   Wal  laa tuqaatiluuhum  ‘indal-Masjidil  Haraami  hatta  yu-qaatiluukum  fiih.  Fa-‘in-  qaata-luukum  faqtuluuhum.  Kazaa-lika  jazaaa-‘ul-Kaafiriin.
  •  Fa-‘ininta-haw  fa-‘innal-laaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.           Lesson

  • ‘indal-Masjidil  Haraami –(near the Inviolable Place of Worship) technically area of several miles on all sides of the Temple of Makkah (Khana Ka’-ba) is called ‘Haram’. It is also included in its Determination (‘Ihraam) that neither the battle should be fought here, and nor shed the blood of any person, even that ‘to go a hunting’ is also prohibited.

    In the beginning of this verse it has been mentioned that ‘to prevent from the religion, to spread the persecution/quarrel, to vex, unrest, plundering, destruction and forcibly push back from the religion are included in mischief. It should be pressed in each form, desiring there is a dire need to slay someone. If the war is not waged in the beginning to press the sedition, then spreading day to day it will take in fold the entire nation and country and then quarrels, disturbance, loot, unrest and bloodshed will begin.

    In this verse it has been stated that if the enemies of Islam do not refrain from their mischief and start waging a war into the limits of Haram (the four walls of Makkah), then you can also fight with them at that sacred place. During the normal circumstances the battle and bloodshed is not allowed near the Inviolable Place of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba) because this House is the Place of peace and respectable, but to suppress the mischief has become so much necessary that it may come in the fold of war. It is the Punishment for the enemies of Peace that they should either be exiled from their native land or slain. However, if they refrain from mischief and persecution, forswear from evil-doings and misdeeds and come under the shelter of Islam, then don’t raise the sword over them. Moreover consider them as your brothers because the God Almighty forgives previous sins of the repentant.

    Three things have been proved from this verse:

    •            The Inviolable Place of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba) is the place of peace. Killing and shedding blood should not be done here.
    •            If anybody attacks then the battle may be fought here.
    •            Killing and striving is collective obligation so it has been commanded again and again in the plural form on each place.


    Last Limit Of Massacre

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –193 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

    And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrongdoers.

    Wa  qaatiluuhum  hatta  laa  takuunu  fitnatunw – wa  ya-kuunad-Diinu-lillaah.  Fa-‘ininta-haw  falaa  ‘udwaana  ‘illaa  ‘alaz-zaalimiin.


    Qaatiluuhum – (fight them) it may be signified towards all the Infidels, but the religious scholars have aimed only the Idolaters of Makkah, because here it appears the face of words toward them.

    Ad-Diinu – (the religion) this word is used for reward and punishment in Arabic, which means revenge, exchange. It has come for several meanings in the Holy Qur’an that is to say, revenge, exchange, the method of conception and action, the religion, the worship of the God Almighty and obedience etc.

    It has been commanded in this verse that waging a war should be continued against the infidel persecutors and the enemies of Islam till the time that persecution and mischief ends, Rule of God Almighty overcomes, nobody should have the power to oppose or attack without just cause on the Rule of Allah Almighty and if any person insults it then he should be punished properly and immediately.

    Islam desires that the Rule of God Almighty should be public and common. All the people believers of other religions may pass their lives satisfactorily at their own places. Places of worship and prayers, and religious stations may remain safe from their tyranny. No hindrance may be produced in the path of Islam. This is the only one form with which Peace may be maintained in the world. Otherwise persecution/mischief will use to raise its head always and the people may never remain in comfort. Islam has three options for it:

    1.   Invite the people to embrace Islam. If they agree to it, believe that God Almighty is One, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is the last Messenger of God Almighty and the Day of Resurrection, then Allah Almighty will forgive their evildoings and they will get all equal rights of the Muslims in the Islamic society.
  •  If the people are not ready to embrace Islam, however they promise to refrain its opposition, then they may remain fondly in the Islamic state. In this form it will be the responsibility of the Muslims to provide them protection and security.

  •   If they don’t agree to the above mentioned two options and continue to oppose the Rule of God Almighty, that is to say they become mad in selfishness then their decision should be finalized with the sword. Their punishment is not less than slaughter. Persecutors and enemies of the peace can never be forgiven.


    The Forbidden Months

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –194a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you.

    ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu  bish-Shahril-Haraami  wal-hurumaatu  qisaas.  Famani’-tadaa  ‘alaykum  fa’-taduu ‘alayhi  bi-misli  ma’-tadaa ‘alaykum.




    ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (The forbidden month) during the time of ignorance different tribes of the Arab used to fight always but they had settled this matter that the war would have been stopped during the following four months and this period would be passed with peace and truce. Near to them these four months were very sacred and reverent. These four months are:

    •  Muharram    –  first month of lunar calendar
    •  Rajjab            –  seventh month of lunar calendar
    •  Zii-Qa’dah         –  eleventh month of lunar calendar
    •  Zul-Hajjah    –  twelfth month of lunar calendar

    Descending situation (Shaani Nazuul) and historical background of this verse is told that the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) set on toward Makkah for the purpose of pilgrimage (Umrah) with His some Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) in the month of Zii-Qa’dah seventh Hirah calendar. But the Idolaters of Makkah became ready to fight against them. Moreover they began the archery and stoning. They didn’t care also this forbidden and sacred month. This verse indicates toward this month.

    The God Almighty commands that dignity and respect of any month can remain still the time that the other party also respects and honors. If it is no so then there is not any base of any forbidden month. If the opposite party doesn’t refrain from war also during the forbidden month, then you should also attack them in like manner as they attacked you. If they have not respected either the forbidden month or the forbidden place, or the Muslims have been dressed with Determination (‘Ih-raam), even then you should be ready and carry your weapons.

    Afterwards it has been proclaimed that if they have oppressed you not caring for all the forbidden matters then you should also reply them. Here the word a’-tadaa (attack him) has come because it is the usage in the Arabic language that which action requires punishment, the same word will be used for its punishment. That is to say ‘punish in answer and slaughter them’. It never aims that ‘you should oppress them also’.


    Allah Is With Those Who Ward Off (Evil)

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –194b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil)

    Wattaqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu ‘an-nallaaha  ma-‘al-Muttaqiin.




    ‘Attaqullaaha – (observe your duty to Allah, use to fear from God) order to fix upon the abstinence, control of the passions and God fearing has come again and again in the holy Qur’an that the person should have fear of God Almighty at the time of doing any work, should adopt abstinence, should control his passions, ward off bad manners, feel disgust from the sins, evildoing and devilishness. These all commands come under one sentence i.e. ‘Attaqullaaha. The origin of God fearing is very important in each field of the Muslim’s life. Till the time this thing does not manifest in the word and deed of the Muslim, his Islam can not become complete. Fear of God teaches him temperance, inclines towards the good deeds and takes away from the bad acts.

    It is 194th verse of Surah Al-Baqarah. We have recited ‘14’ times about Fear of God (Taqwa) up to this verse, particularly after the order about worship, after the remembrance of the children of Israel, after the mention of the principles of the code of morality, after the command regarding retaliation, after the sanction of bequest, after the order of fasting. (Taqwa) has been signified as ‘intended’ and ‘required’ by the mankind to be adopted on each place.

    Desiring it is being stated about lawful and unlawful in the Holy Qur’an, discussing the matters of marriage and divorce, telling the laws of the property and wealth of the orphans and the poor, debating about the distribution of heritage and bequest, clearing the principles of association and mutual social intercourse or enlightening on the matters of slaughter and strive, everywhere It shall teach the lesson of Taqwa (God fearing) and shall inform certain about its importance, utmost why?

    The mankind is page of passions, slave of feelings and servant of perceptions. At the time of doing each work he remains under its impression. He drops down for unjust instead of remaining on temperance and justice. Leaving the level brings him towards cruelty, violation of right, injustice and oppression. These all things are at very low level of a Muslim, so it is necessary that wishing he is earnest in any field of life, he should not leave the temperance from his hand.

    This lesson is taught to keep him on the level that he should keep in view the Existence of the God Almighty, His commands and attendance in His Court. He should consider that all the worldly property and valuables, respect and fame are casual. Real thing is the success near to Allah Almighty. So if any person has to face even some loss casually due to liking the justice, then he should bear it because God Almighty helps only the persons who have His fear and it is clear that the person who has been provided the support by Allah Almighty, there is none lucky, obedient and successful person more than him.


    Spend For The Cause Of God Almighty

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –195 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And spend your wealth for the Cause of Allah, and cast not (yourselves) by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth the beneficent.

    Wa ‘anfiquu fii  sabiilil-laahi  wa  laa  tulquu  bi-‘aydii-kum  ‘ilat-tahlukah.  Wa  ‘ahsinuuu  ‘innallaaha  yuhibbul-Muh-siniin.




    laa  tulquu  bi-‘aydii-kum  ‘ilat-tahlukah – (cast not (yourselves) by your own hands to ruin) there was the command about fighting and strive (qataal & jihaad) in the previous verses, and it has been ordered to spend the wealth for the cause of God Almighty before this sentence of this verse. As though it is the command of the God Almighty that whenever there is a need to strive for the country and nation, and the sacrifice of the wealth is required, don’t show the avarice, and don’t stop your hands to spend the wealth for the cause of Allah. If you will do so, then it will be like that you will cut your own feet, you will slaughter yourselves. Doing so, not only it will harm the nation and country, but the defeat of the nation will be your own defeat and the harm of the religion will be your decline.

    Some persons take its meaning wrong, “plunge not into the danger intentionally and don’t put your life into the risky affairs”. This motive is entirely not from this sentence, it is true, but neither there is situation of it and nor it has been mentioned here.

    Commanding for the fighting and the strive, it has been prescribed upon the Muslims in the earlier verses that they should sacrifice their lives in the way of God Almighty, fight the enemies of His religion to raise it. If the Idolaters and Infidels resist their work, then they should fight also against them and elevate upon them their swords to stop the cruelty. In this verse the God Almighty has ordered to spend their wealth for the Cause of Allah Almighty.

    Sacrifice of the lives is required to crush the enemies and to press the mischief and the rebellion, so that the soldiers of God Almighty plunge into the battlefield keeping their lives on their palms, with full excitement of Islam without caring of their death and slaughter, and strive for the only one purpose ‘Raising the name of Allah Almighty’. For this intention spending the wealth and property is needed at the second stage, so that the arms, weapons and equipment for the war may be bought, security may be provided to the left behind family members of the soldiers, necessities of life of the martyrs’ children and widows may be completed, eating and drinking items for the Army may be amassed and goods of ration may be stored in case of being besieged.

    ‘ahsinuuu – (do good) the meanings of ‘ih-saan (favour, kindness)  are “to do good behaviour and goodness”. It aims that what would you do, that should be done with good intention and sincerity. Don’t do any work only as bringing down the forced labour (taken without wages or remuneration) and paying debt. Also that nothing can become hindrance in the good behaviour during fighting and strive (qataal & jihaad). The Messenger of God Almighty preached so more for the good behaviour that while you begin to sacrifice the animal, and then do so that it feels the pain at the very least too.



    Standing Orders For Fighting And Strive

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    (Up to Verse –195 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)




    The orders regarding fighting and strive (Qataal  wa Jihaad) end on the verse – 195. After it the matter of Pilgrimage will start. It seems reasonable that the obligatory aspects of the fighting and strive, its terms and conditions should be stated briefly. Since the some misled persons are apparent totally as Deniers of the fighting on one side and on the other side our enemy historians particularly the western authors defame the Muslims and Islam narrating the strive as only beating and bawl out, slaughter and plundering, and religious bloody fight.

    Now we are going to discuss the matter numerically in the light of the verses upto 195 of Surah Al-Baqarah:

    •  Fight for the cause of Allah Almighty.(190)
    •  Fight with only the persons who fight with you (190), in other words don’t fight with the people who like peace and love that is to say the children, the women, the ailing, the excusable and unarmed people.
    •  Don’t intensify; God Almighty doesn’t like the persons who oppress. (190).
    •  Slay them wherever ye find the enemy in the battlefield (191); remember that this order is only for the situation of war and not during peace time.
    •  Drive your enemies out of the areas whence they drove you out (191).
    •  Try neither to make mischief/disturbance and quarrel, nor let any person to do this. The persecution is worse than slaughter (190).
    •  You can fight only against the persons at the Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjidil-Haraam) (Khana Ka’ba) who fight there otherwise you can’t.(191)
    •  If the enemy desists from the war then stop it (192).
    •  Fight until the sedition/persecution is no more and the Religion of God Almighty excels. (192)
    •  Let there be no hostility except against the wrongdoers (193).
    •  Respect the Forbidden Months and stop fighting during these months (194).
    •  Observe your duty to God Almighty and know that Allah Almighty is with those who ward off (evil) (194).
    •  Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah Almighty. If you will not do so, then you will cast yourselves by your own hands to ruin. (195).
    •  Do good and honouring. Lo! Allah Almighty loves the beneficent. (195)

    Think about all above. Which point is against the wisdom, justice and nobility out of them?


    The Pilgrimage

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And perform the Pilgrimage

    Wa  ‘atimmul-Hajja




    ‘Al-Hajja – it is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is the duty of every that person to perform the Pilgrimage once in the life who has power to do it. Otherwise he/she will be the sinner. The Pilgrimage is performed on Ninth Zul-Hajjah (last month) of Islamic Calendar year. At first all the Muslims gather in Makkah city to visit the Inviolable Place of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba), then unite in the Arafat Field.

    The matters relating to the Fighting and Strive have been discussed before the orders regarding Pilgrimage and after the verses of the Pilgrimage in this Surah. It is revealed clearly that ‘how much deep relation have these both matters with each other’. There is none Pillar of Islam in which aim of the National Social Welfare, Improvement and Prosperity, and Exaltation has not been mentioned in addition to Personal Goodness and Purity.

    Especial thing which belongs to the Pilgrimage is that all the Muslims out of the entire world unite once a year in the Centre of Islam. There is no difference between ups and downs. Black and White, Rich and Poor, King and Beggar, Scholar and Uneducated, Young and Old, they all stand at the same place mixing shoulder with shoulders and saying with one tone the same words, “Lab-baika  Allaahumma  Lab-baika  Lab-baika  Laa  Shariika  laka Lab-baika  ‘Innal  Hamda  wan-na’-mata  Laka  wal-Mulk  Laa Shariika lak”  (I am present, O Allah! I am present, I am present – there is no partner of Thee, I am present. Lo! Praise and Blessing is of Thee, and Sovereignty, there is no co-sharer of Thee).

    Every Pilgrim fastens determination dress (‘Ihraam). It contains two un-sewn (cotton) sheets – for each Pilgrim this same kind of dress declares equality, simplicity, friendship and Love for God Almighty. During the Pilgrimage to get shaved the head, cut the nails, hunting and intercourse with one’s wife are prohibited. As though the object to refrain from the wishes, physical elegance and dressing is to get a permanent training.

    All the Pilgrims unite at the stipulated time in the Arafaat Field on the day of Pilgrimage, listen to the Speech (Address of the Pilgrimage), Pray in the court of God Almighty, get forgiven their sins and collect treasures of the Mercy and Kindness of Allah Almighty.

    Then they sacrifice the animals in the Minaa’,  throw pebbles at Jamaraat, go round the Holy Shrine (the Inviolable Place of Worship – Khana Ka’-ba), Kiss the Black Stone (Hajri Aswad), quench the thirst with Aabi Zamzam (the water of a sacred well at Khana Ka’-ba), do the Endeavour (Sa-ii) between Safaa’ and Marwah (hills), use to stop all kinds of evildoing, sins and bad inherent, as though after getting forgiven their sins they are starting their lives’ accounts from the beginning today.

    Fortunate are those persons who are bestowed with the chance of Pilgrimage and they performed it, understood its objects and passed their remaining lives with goodness and chastity.           



    Some Orders For Hajj And Umrah

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And perform the Visit (Umrah) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such offering as can be obtained with ease,

    Wal-‘umrata  lillaah. Fa-‘in  ‘uh-sir-tum  famas-taysara  minal-hady.




    ‘Al-‘umrata – (Umrah) it is also named as little Pilgrimage. Instructions for performing the Umrah are just like the Pilgrimage also. However there is no restriction of the days of Pilgrimage for performing the Umrah. It can be performed any time. Secondly its rituals and traditions also are less than the Pilgrimage.

    Lillaah – (for Allah, for God Almighty) perform the Pilgrimage (Hajj) and Umrah (Visit) for the sake of Allah Almighty, keep your intention pure and take care honestly those customs and orders which have been prescribed by God Almighty, escape yourself from the matters which are prohibited, otherwise sake of God will remain no more.

    In reality all the deeds and intentions should be for the pleasure of Allah Almighty but it has been emphasized here particularly that the journey involves with the Pilgrimage and the Visit (Hajj and Umrah) in which a lot of good and bad objects, Cruises and Entertainment can join easily. So it is necessary that your first object should not be any other except to delight the God Almighty. Travel and entertainment will become automatically. Trade is permitted; you can get advantage of it. But you can neither make the trade – the purpose of Pilgrimage (Hajj) nor can deal with dishonestly and theft, these are not allowed.

    ‘uh-sir-tum – (if you are prevented) this word is derived from Ihsaar, whose literal meanings are to be surrounded or encaged. Whether this surrounding would be due to any reason, here it means ‘the person who intends to perform the Pilgrimage but can’t reach the designation because of either any illness or enemy would have blocked his way or any seasonal or other stoppage would have intervened.

    Hady  (sacrifice) the literal meanings are ‘the offer’ which would be sent for the Khana Ka’ba, here its meaning is the animals required to be sacrificed during the Pilgrimage.

    In this verse Allah Almighty has ordered the Muslims that there should be only one object to be intended i.e. the worship along with the Pilgrimage and Visit (Hajj and Umrah) that is for pleasure and willingness of Allah Almighty. Neither the play nor show should be intended from this journey, nor travel and entertainment. But the Rules which Allah Almighty has explained, those should be acted upon. Allah almighty has kept some exemption too in this order for excusable people. May be a person wears ‘Ih-raam (Determination Dress) for Hajj and Umrah but unfortunately he would either become ill in the way or any other difficulty or problem happens. For example either he doesn’t find the way or doesn’t remain the provision for his journey etc. In all these situations he has been commanded that he should send the animal to sacrifice to the BaitUllah by anyone else according to his submission.


    Instruction About Shaving The Head

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196c of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And shave not your heads until the offering has reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or alms-giving or offering.

    Wa  laa  tah-liquu  ru-‘uusakum  hattaa  yablugal-hadyu  mahil-lah.  Faman-kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘awbihiii  ‘azam-mir-ra’-sihii  fa-fidyatum-min-  siyaa-min ‘aw  sadaqatin  ‘aw  nusuk. 




    Nusuk – (offering) literally it means sacrifice. Here it aims to sacrifice in the pathway of God Almighty, which should not be less than a goat and it is better if a cow or camel is sacrificed.

    Mahil-lah – (its destination) that is to say, the place of sacrifice which signifies toward the Bayt-Ullaah (Makkah).

    Islam is a natural religion. Its Commands have been legislated entirely according to the nature of human beings. Each person’s qualities and weaknesses have been kept in sight in Islam. His needs and desires have been considered. The matters which were necessary for evaluation, promotion and success of the mankind, those have been prescribed compulsory and needful. Which things were not useful for the life and object of the mankind, have been fixed unlawful and forbidden.

    Primary part of the verse is Appendix of the order of Muh-sir (who has been prevented) recitation of which was begun in the previous verse. It was stated up to the point that the person who has fastened the Determination Dress (Ih-raam) for Pilgrimage or Visit (Hajj or Umrah) and any objection/excuse has been happened for him in the pathway that he can’t perform the Hajj or Umrah, then he should send the animal to sacrifice toward BaytUllah (Khana Ka’-ba). This Order has been finalized in this verse stating that till the time this animal doesn’t reach the Haram and is not sacrificed there, this person (Muh-sir) can’t shave his head; it means that he can’t open the Ihraam.

    Common Orders Regarding Hajj


    Allah Almighty has set another concession for the excusable/disabled persons in the command of Hajj. That is to say the person who can’t obey the order of shaving his head during the time of Hajj, for example he is compelled not to shave his head due to either any disease or any other cause, then either he should keep the fasts for three days as its ransom so that his spirit may remain pure from the rebellion or he should give 1-3/4 KG wheat (at the scale of Sadaqah Fitr – Alms – Fitranah) to the six poor persons so that he may not fall back from the pathway of God Almighty due to non obeying the first command or he should sacrifice an animal.


    Sacrifice During Hajj And Umrah

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196d of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with Visit (Umrah) for the Pilgrimage (shall give) such offering as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such offering), then a fast of three days while on the Pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in all.

    Fa-‘izaaa  ‘amintum, faman-  tamatta-‘a  bil- ‘Um-rati  ‘ilal-Hajji famastaysara  minal-hady.  Famal-lam  yajid  fa-siyaamu  salaasati ‘ayyaamin-  fil-Hajji  wa sab-‘atin  ‘izaa  raja’-tum. Tilka  ‘asharatun-  kaamilah.   




    Amintum – (you are in safety) that is to say whenever you come in safety and peace out of the situations of danger and disease.

    Tamatta-‘a – (get benefit) in the sense of religious theology it aims to perform the Pilgrimage and Visit (Hajj and Umrah) joining the both, namely performing Umrah duly fastened with ‘Ihraam during the times of Pilgrimage and then with another ‘Ihraam the Pilgrimage Hajj) is performed. During the time of Ignorance the Arabs had invented this false belief that it was sin to perform the Umrah in the season of Pilgrimage.

     ‘Izaa  raja’-tum – (whenever you return) it signifies that while you return after the completion of the Rituals of Pilgrimage, whether the Pilgrim is staying still in Makkah and he has not yet returned to his native country. However some scholars have taken the meanings of this narration that whenever you reach your home from Makkah.

    This order is for that Pilgrim in this verse, who wishes to perform the both (Hajj and Umrah) in the season of Pilgrimage. It is called Tamatta’ or Qir’aan. This type of Pilgrim is required to sacrifice either one goat or seventh share out of the cow or camel. This sacrifice is not required by that Pilgrim who performs only Pilgrimage and he doesn’t perform the Umrah with It. Those persons who perform the Pilgrimage Tamatta’ or Qir’aan but they can’t attain the sacrifice due to poorness or any other strong reason, then it is compulsory for them to fast for ten days, three during the days of Pilgrimage which are finished on the ninth Zul-Hajjah (the Day of ‘Arafah) and seven after reaching the native land. This expiation has been fixed in the shape of fasting due to the reason that while any person is unable to obey the command of God Almighty then his spirit may not bring him towards the rebellion or disobedience. So he should keep the fasts so that his spirit may remain pure and his intention remains good.


    Description Of The Order Of Sacrifice

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196e of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    That is for him whose folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship. And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Severe in punishment.

    Zaalika  limal-lam  yakun  ‘ah-luhuu  haa-ziril-Masjidil-Haraam.  Watta-qullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  Shadiidul- ‘iqaab.




    Zaalika – (this) it is a demonstrative pronoun and it signifies towards the matter of previous verse, namely Tamatta’ (to perform Hajj and Umrah duly joined). Aim of the verse is that the permission to gain the Hajj and Umrah duly joined is only for the foreigners, not for the residents of Makkah.

    Haa-ziril-Masjidil-Haraam – (the folk who are present at the Inviolable Place of Worship, the persons who live near the Khana Ka’-ba). It means the entire natives of Makkah and its vicinity. That is to say, all people living with in the limits of Meeqaat.

    Meeqaat – that place is called Meeqaat from where the limits of Haram begin and it is required to intend for Hajj and Umrah, and fasten (wear) the (dress of) ‘Ihraam reaching there. Meeqaat is separate in various directions for the persons coming for performing the Hajj in the Inviolable Place of Worship from all around the world.

    Watta-qullaaha – (observe your duty to Allah) that is to say, keep the concept of presence and fear of the God Almighty in front because foundation of all the goodness is this Piety. Think once again that God-fearing is being demanded after every command/order.

    Shadiidul- ‘iqaab – (severe in punishment) the Scholars of the religion say that the word Shadiid (severe) has been used particularly here with ‘Iqaab (the punishment) for the reason that ‘as any person acts goodness at the very Sacred Place i.e. the Inviolable Place of Worship (BaytUllah), he gets more reward, likewise if he commits any sin after reaching here, then he will also be punished more severely due to Sacred Place respectively.

    It is the condition for that concession which was given in the previous lesson. The concession was, “If the people wish to perform the Hajj and Umrah duly united then they can do so. However they would have to sacrifice according to their power. Permission for uniting the Hajj and Umrah is only for those persons who are not the residents of Makkah and its surrounding villages”. With this Order it has been declared again that the real thing is the God-fearing. It is necessary to keep in sight at the time of obeying each order, performing any duty/worship and pleasure of the God Almighty, because purpose of the entire Orders/Commands is purity of the spirit/soul and completion of the morality/manners. These are the highest orders and Commands from the God Almighty on which foundation of the Islamic life is standing. If any body will try to change or deny them then the God Almighty will punish him severely.      



    Duration Of Hajj And Moral Limits

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –197a of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    The Pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and whoever is minded to perform the Pilgrimage therein (let him remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness nor abuse nor angry conversation on the Pilgrimage.

    ‘Al-Hajju  ‘ash-hurum-ma’- luumaat.  Faman- faraza  fiihin-nal- Hajja  falaa  rafasa  wa  laa fusuuqa,  wa  laa jidaala  fil-Hajj.




    ‘Ash-hur – (the months) Shawwal, Zii-qadah and ten days of Dhul-Hijjah (three months of Lunar Calendar) have been set for Hajj (Pilgrimage). Actual members of the Hajj are performed during the second week of Dhul-Hijjah. But the ‘Ihraam is begun (to be tied) two months in advance from the month of Shawwal. The ‘Ihraam (Determination) is the Dress which is required to be worn by each Pilgrim at the time of entering into the limits of Haram (Meeqaat). This Dress is two unstitched sheets.

    Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (God’s Mercy be upon him) says, “The Pilgrim can tie the ‘Ihraam as and when he wishes. But it is disapproved for the Pilgrimage before the month of Shawwal”. Near to him (God’s Mercy be upon him) it is also lawful to tie the ‘Ihraam before Shawwal because it is not the member of the Hajj but only a condition for the Pilgrimage.

    Faraza  fiihin-nal- Hajja – (while anybody is minded to perform the Pilgrimage therein) that is to say, someone has intended to perform the Pilgrimage during the season of Hajj and has done over himself proper the Pilgrimage. Practical Sign for (must have to perform) the Hajj is to tie the ‘Ihraam (Determination Dress).

    Rafasa – (to be lewdness with the woman) here it means, “To talk specified conversation with the wife in the private chamber”.

    Fusuuqa  – (abuse, depravity, immorality, sensuality, debauch) it aims all types of sins, little or big.

    Jidaala – (angry conversation, quarrel, beating, argument, dispute, to call names and to accost with impolite words).

    Some necessary commands regarding Pilgrimage have been prescribed in this verse. The months of Hajj have been fixed and three matters have been told to refrain from them during this period:

    •  Sensual intercourse and lewdness with one’s wife is entirely forbidden, as far as the sensual thoughts are also prohibited to be brought on the tongue. As it has been ordered to abstain from some lawful matters during the fasting, likewise it has been commanded also to keep up the cleanliness and chastity during the tenure of Hajj.
    •  Every person should refrain from the little and big sins. It is clear that while many lawful acts become unlawful in the form of ‘Ihraam (Determination) then it was necessary to instruct strictly for holding back from the other sins.
    •  It should be temperate from all kinds of quarrels. The people of all ages, all kind manners and all temperaments come from all parts of the world at the time of Pilgrimage. During these types of situations anybody can incline towards the sinfulness and strives. So the God Almighty forbade in advance from all these matters, so that the chastity and endurance power may grow into the Muslims.


     Provision For The Journey Of Hajj

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –197b of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    And whatsoever good ye do Allah knoweth it. And make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for the best provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep your duty unto Me, O men of understanding.

    Wa  maa  taf—‘aluu  min  khay-riny-ya’-lam-hullaah.  Wa  tazaw-waduu  fa-‘inna  khay-razzaadit-taqwaa. Wattaquuni  yaaa-‘ulil-‘al-baab.




    It was the Custom in the Arabs during the times of ignorance that while they used to proceed for performing the Pilgrimage, they did not take the requisites of the journey, used to go Penniless and begged from the people in the pathway. It was considered the sign of grandeur near to them. Even some persons used to spend lavishly their entire capital at the time of departing for the Pilgrimage. They had invented this false practice themselves intentionally. Anyhow it was not the part of the worship. This thing is Not acceptable to the God Almighty because doing so, the others have to lift the burden.

    God Almighty commanded, “Make provision for yourselves (amount according to your necessities for the hereafter) at the time of proceeding to perform the Pilgrimage. And don’t put your burden upon any other person”. Allah Almighty knows your intentions and minds. He doesn’t like outward exhibition and shaped purity. So if you will bring the provisions for journey then it is not the matter of sin and is not against the goodness.

    There is no doubt in it that the real thing is to ward off evil, that is to say, naturally keeping away from the badness and being inclined towards the goodness, so we should use to have fear of God Almighty always.

    To ward of evils means that we should obey all the Orders of God Almighty with complete sincerity, honesty and obedience. Every work should be done for His pleasure. In each trouble, pain, calamity, distress and misfortune, only He should be supposed as The Supporter and only He should be called for the salvation. He should also be thanked in ease, comfort and rest. Every work should be started and finished with His (God Almighty) name. We should seek His help in all the fields of life. Only the lawful methods should be chosen for deciding all the matters and should refrain from the forbidden things. We should keep in view the fear of God Almighty each time.

    It is the ‘ward off evil” about which it has been ordered again and again in the Holy Qur’an, that it has much more importance in the life of a Muslim. The human life fills with hopelessness, distress and failure due to forgetting it. So the human being should try every time to attain perfection in the “Fear of God Almighty” (Taqwaa). The Pilgrimage is the best source to produce the (Taqwaa).


    Worldly Advantages

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –198a of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    It is no sin for you that ye seek the bounty of your Lord (by trading).

    Laysa  ‘alaykum  junaahun  ‘an-  tab-taguu  fazlam-mir-Rab-bikum.




    Fazlan – (the Bounty of the Lord) literally it means excessive, too much, more. Here it signifies towards the profit from trading, business, wealth and property. This word has been used in these meanings many times in the Holy Qur’an.

    A Companion of the Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Ibn Abbas (God Almighty be pleased with him) says that during the times of Ignorance ‘Akkaaz, Majnah and Zul-Majaaz were very heavy markets. In the days of Pilgrimage the trade was tried to strive the bargain at high level. After embracing Islam the people considered that it is not reasonable to do business during the days of Hajj. They thought that the merchants who either bring their trade items to the bazaars of Minaa and Makkah or camel drivers who bring their camels to Muzdalfah, Arfaat and Minaa for selling, their Hajj is not accepted because where trade has entered, there is no worship anymore. Allah Almighty revealed this verse to remove this misunderstanding and cleared this thing till the Last Day (Resurrection Day) that Islam is not against the wealth, property and the world but It is against the acts which make the person careless from thinking about the religion and the Doomsday.

    As Islam is the Guarantor of prosperity and success of the Day of Resurrection, likewise It desires also the people’s worldly prosperity and welfare. And this characteristic exists in Its each worship. Even the parts of Ablution, Prayers, Congregational Prayers, Fasting, Zakaah (Poor-due) and Hajj increase the human’s worldly, material, physical, economical and political prosperity and welfare along with increasing his spiritual power.

    The Muslims, who come from far away areas for Hajj move by land routes and by sea. The People of Islamic nation get together from different parts of the world. At this occasion there can be gotten uncountable economical and commercial benefits. Keeping in view these things the Holy Qur’an permitted it that the Pilgrims’ real purpose of this Visit should be only the Hajj and if they do some trade also along with then it is not any wrong thing or sin. However it is necessary that the trade shouldn’t become the mean.

    Saying the sentence of mir-Rab-bikum it has also been told that which livelihood or benefits you get, these aren’t the result of your personal efforts or labour. It is only the Bounty of Allah Almighty. He gives you with His blessing. Therefore, keep in mind during trading and business that whatever benefits you will get, it is from the God Almighty.

    Each that work which a person does according to the orders of God Almighty and doesn’t disobey His any command, Islam counts it worship and doesn’t say it against the religion. The things, from which Islam prohibits, are hoarding, raising prices, unlawful trading and illegal business.



    ‘Arafat And The Sacred Monument

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –198b of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    But when ye return from ‘Arafat, remember Allah by the Sacred Monument.

    Fa-‘izaaa  ‘afaztum-min  ‘Arafaatin-  fazkurullaaha  ‘in-dal-  Mash-‘aril-Haraam.




    ‘Afaztum – (you return) this word has come out from the word ‘Afaazah which means ‘Walk from pool and pool or come back’. Technically it signifies returning from ‘Arafat to Muzdalfah.

    ‘Arafaatin – (‘Arafat) the road which leads from Makkah to the east towards Taif, there is a plain in the area of several miles situated twelve miles from Makkah Mo-‘azmah. That is called ‘Arafat. There is also a hill in this plain, which is also named ‘Arafat. Its height is two hundred yards from the earth level. During the entire year this plain remains vacant but on the ninth Zul-Hijjah it becomes in full bloom on arrival of the Pilgrims.

    The Pilgrims reach the Minaa till afternoon on eighth of the Zul-Hijjah and on the next day on ninth Zul-Hijjah at the time of rising sun they travel towards the ‘Arafat, they reach the ‘Arafat at the time of afternoon. Till the time of Asar (before sunset) the Pilgrims have to remain there. Technically this stay is called Wuquuf. The presence in this plain is the most important work of the Pilgrimage. The entire period should be passed in begging mercy or grace, repentance, penitence and remembrance of God Almighty during the stay in the Plain of ‘Arafat. While the sun is near to set, then the Pilgrims should depart towards Muzdalfah (the Sacred Monument). Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers are offered in the afternoon jointly in the Nimrah Masjid of ‘Arafat on that day, and Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’ are offered after returning to Muzdalfah at the time of ‘Ishaa’.

    ‘Al- Mash-‘aril-Haraam – (the Sacred Monument) Mash-‘ar

    means the sign or emblem and the word Haraam discloses its dignity. It is that particular place which is situated between the two hills of Muzdalfah. However the entire Muzdalfah is also called the Sacred Monument (Mash-‘aril-Haraam).

    Muzdalfah  It is at the distance of six miles from Makkah Mo-‘azmah. There is a direct pathway from Minaaa to ‘Arafat and the Pilgrims proceed to ‘Arafat from that way on ninth Zul-Hijjah. But on return from ‘Arafat it is prescribed to use the other pathway. The Muzdalfah is situated on that pathway. The Caravans of the Pilgrims stay here at night and pass their entire time in the Masjid over the hill offering prayers, worshiping, begging mercy, repentance, penitence and remembrance of God Almighty.

    There are three Duties to be observed compulsorily out of all the acts of Pilgrimage:

    1.     To tie the ‘Ihraam

    2.   To be present in ‘Arafat on ninth Zul-Hijjah which is also called Wuquuf


    3.   To go round the Holy Shrine (Tawaaf of Khana Ka’-ba) – it is the most important action out of the three acts. It has been told in this verse that while you return from the ‘Arafat, then remember Allah Almighty during the stay at Muzdalfah begging mercy, repentance and remain busy in worshiping the God Almighty.     


    Praying And Worship Of God Almighty 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –198c of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    Remember Him as He hath guided you, although before ye were of those astray.

    Waz-kuruuhu  kamaa hadaakum.  Wa  ‘in- kuntum-min- qablihii la-minaz-zaalliin.




    ‘Az-zaalliin – (the Ignorants) this word is plural of Zaal which commonly means astray people. But it is also used for the indolent; careless and negligent.

    Zikr means remembrance, recitation, memory; prayer; talk and mention. Here it means the worship of Allah Almighty.

    It has been told in this verse, “Remember and worship the God Almighty in the manners which have been commanded by His Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)”. It is the strict sin to invent the methods of worship at one’s own and to establish the new forms ignoring the Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). It remained heavy attack of the Satan to mislead the world and the people of the world that he puts them into disorder from the straight path to self invented methods. The people were involved in uncountable customs, traditions and false beliefs also during the period of the Ignorance. They used to suppose that their self invented particular methods may be the cause of nearness of the God Almighty. But this verse of the Holy Qur’an has refuted completely these depravities and misunderstandings.

    The Holy Qur’an has also cleared using the word ‘Az-zaalliin that till the time the mankind will not get guidance from the Light sent by Allah Almighty, make not His Revelation one’s own torch of the path and doesn’t settle His revealed Teachings as the foundation of one’s own actions, he will remain ignorant and astray. Wishing he tries to seek any path with his full endeavor, invents a lot of methods of the  worship of what sort, thinks the forms of the prayers, but all these things will bring him towards the depravity. The real method is only that, which is ordered by the God Almighty. So each self made by any person’s plan will be false and acting upon it will bring towards the deviation.

    Holy Qur’an is the best Guide to reach the destination. The Talks mentioned in This Book are commanded by the God Almighty Who is the Wise, the Discerning, the Present, the Inspector, the Mild, the Philosopher, the Creator and the Lord Almighty. He knows well our necessities, for it He shows us the Pathway with His Vast knowledge, which is Easy and Straight. We should believe that Path reliable and leave all other manners invented by the human beings.


    Command About Equation 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –199 of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    Then hasten on from the place from where the other people return, and ask forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

    Summa  ‘afiizuu min  hay-su ‘afaazan-naasu  was-tag-fi-rullaah.  ‘Innallaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.




    Before Islam the Quresh were guards of the Inviolable Place (BaytUllaah) during the period of ignorance and they used to say themselves Hams due to this reason. The common people used to stay in the plain of ‘Arafat during the days of Pilgrimage. But the Quresh used to remain till Muzdalfah because the Muzdalfah is within the limits of Haram and the ‘Arafat is out of its limits. They used to suppose that it was against their dignity and honour to proceed out of the limits of the Haram and contrary to the religious virtue to meet the public there. The Holy Qur’an refuted this false conception of theirs’. Allah Almighty has removed here these two main mistakes in which the world remained involved always, today too many people are involved in it after so much improvement.

    1.        National distinction and the racial superiority is nothing. The entire mankinds are equal and uniform near to Allah Almighty. If there is any thing valuable in the Sight of Allah Almighty, that is fear of God and abstinence. So equation is compulsory, and it will be possible at that time while all the national and racial distinctions are removed and the persons of each race and color are dealt with equal behavior.

    2.      Destruction and ruin of the nations begin at the time when the relation between educated persons, the people of higher level and the public does not remain. They stop to meat each other, while the educated people need strength and energy for their help. But when they will break their relation with the common people, will not mix up with them then gradually they will be ruined automatically. And it should not be forgotten that the public needs guidance and the antidotes every time. While they will not have any guide then they will go astray. Even then there will be no difference between them and animals.

    Allah Almighty says in this verse that all the people will settle at one place and they will return from that place. As though, there will be no distinction and difference between them. Allah Almighty also commands, “Beg for pardon of your sins. Renounce and beg for mercy and forgiveness. Promise that you will remain away from the wrong-doings”. Allah Almighty will forgive your sins and faults. He is the Forgiving and the Merciful.

    Here I am




    After The Hajj Devotions 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –200a of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    And when ye have completed your devotions, then remember Allaah as ye remember your fathers or with a more lively remembrance.

    Fa-‘izaa  qa-zaytum-ma-naasika-kum  faz-kurullaaha  kazikrikum-  ‘aabaaa-‘akum  ‘aw  ‘ashadda  zikraa.




    Qa-zaytum – (you have completed) this word has derived from the word Qazaa which means ‘to obey, to have completed, to carry out’ particularly after adoration (worship).

    Ma-naasika-kum – (devotions of the Pilgrimage) ma-naasik means those customs and worship which belong to the Pilgrimage. In addition to ma-naasik these are also called Sha-‘aaa-‘ir (the Signs). This peculiar character is used only for Hajj Devotions.

    It was the rule during the period of ignorance that the Pilgrims used to remain assembled in the plain of Minaa up to three days (10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah after completion of the Pilgrimage, mention about their tribes and ancestors, talk about their greatnesses and virtues. They used to assert proudly their dynasty magnificence. What is the advantage of mentioning grandeur of the ancestors?

    Allah Almighty gives excellence and grandeur to the human being; He is the Creator of the entire creatures, the Lord for bringing up, bestowing the wisdom, understanding and knowledge, intelligence, philosophy, nobility and greatness, so all kinds of praises and admirations should be peculiar for Him. Except Him singing songs of grandeur and greatness for any other person or thing and grading them as the worshipped is equal to the plurality.

    As you see that from where the recitation regarding the Pilgrimage has begun, from there it has been pressing on equation, fear of God Almighty, control of the passions, humility and purification of the soul continuously. It is being preached again and again for the remembrance of God Almighty, worship, repentance and begging mercy or grace. All persons are commanded to wear one kind of dress at the time of entering the limits of Haram. Then some lawful works are forbidden, which might intervene in this pathway. Many pleasant and favourite matters have been refrained. It has been ordered to say “Lab-baika  Allaahumma  Lab-baika  Lab-baika  Laa  Shariika  laka Lab-baika  ‘Innal  Hamda  wan-na’-mata  Laka  wal-Mulka  Laa Shariika laka”  (Here I am, O Allah! Here I am, here I am – there is no partner for You, Here I am. Verily all praise for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner) at each step. It has been admonished to remember successive the God Almighty. This characteristic of the worship is found only in Islam.

    We should listen these orders, commands and instructions of Allah Almighty with close attention, act upon them, modify our lives, abstain from the unlawful and illegal things, elevate His mention, invite the people towards the right path, grow God-fearing in ourselves, and establish an example becoming live pattern of advisable acts and good manners for the nations of the entire world.

    And perform the Pilgrimage

    Wa  ‘atimmul-Hajja


    And perform the Visit (Umrah) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such offering as can be obtained with ease,

    Wal-‘umrata  lillaah. Fa-‘in  ‘uh-sir-tum  famas-taysara  minal-hady.


    And shave not your heads until the offering has reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or alms-giving or offering.

    Wa  laa  tah-liquu  ru-‘uusakum  hattaa  yablugal-hadyu  mahil-lah.  Faman-kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘awbihiii  ‘azam-mir-ra’-sihii  fa-fidyatum-min-  siyaa-min ‘aw  sadaqatin  ‘aw  nusuk. 




    Nusuk – (offering) literally it means sacrifice. Here it aims to sacrifice in the pathway of God Almighty, which should not be less than a goat and it is better if a cow or camel is sacrificed.

    Mahil-lah – (its destination) that is to say, the place of sacrifice which signifies toward the Bayt-Ullaah (Makkah).

    Islam is a natural religion. Its Commands have been legislated entirely according to the nature of human beings. Each person’s qualities and weaknesses have been kept in sight in Islam. His needs and desires have been considered. The matters which were necessary for evaluation, promotion and success of the mankind, those have been prescribed compulsory and needful. Which things were not useful for the life and object of the mankind, have been fixed unlawful and forbidden.

    Primary part of the verse is Appendix of the order of Muh-sir (who has been prevented) recitation of which was begun in the previous verse. It was stated up to the point that the person who has fastened the Determination Dress (Ih-raam) for Pilgrimage or Visit (Hajj or Umrah) and any objection/excuse has been happened for him in the pathway that he can’t perform the Hajj or Umrah, then he should send the animal to sacrifice toward BaytUllah (Khana Ka’-ba). This Order has been finalized in this verse stating that till the time this animal doesn’t reach the Haram and is not sacrificed there, this person (Muh-sir) can’t shave his head; it means that he can’t open the Ihraam.

    Common Orders Regarding Hajj


    Allah Almighty has set another concession for the excusable/disabled persons in the command of Hajj. That is to say the person who can’t obey the order of shaving his head during the time of Hajj, for example he is compelled not to shave his head due to either any disease or any other cause, then either he should keep the fasts for three days as its ransom so that his spirit may remain pure from the rebellion or he should give 1-3/4 KG wheat (at the scale of Sadaqah Fitr – Alms – Fitranah) to the six poor persons so that he may not fall back from the pathway of God Almighty due to non obeying the first command or he should sacrifice an animal.





    Desirous Of The World 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –200b of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    But of mankind are those who say: “Our Lord! Give unto us in the world,” and they have no portion in the Hereafter.

    Fa-‘minan-naasi  many-yaquulu  Rabbanaaa  ‘aatinaa  fid-dunyaa  wa  maa lahuu  fil-‘Aakhirati  min  khalaaq.




    Some persons are found in the world on which lust of the world is so overcoming that they deem it only their perfect object. Near to them greatest success is to get material benefits more and more, put up in a heap of the gold and money, collect the wealth, influence and riches. They become blind in its quest. These desirous persons sacrifice their Hereafter and good end in this effort after falling into the trap of greediness and avarice.

    Those people are involved in this disease who are mean in morality, impure in the affairs, selfish in their behaviors, deniers of the Doomsday and insane for the casual advantages. They look only the nearby profits always and ignore the durable results. They remain wishing of this thing in each deal from which they may get fruit immediately. They have no strength of patience and endurance. So they become too much cheerful in this effort and try that if they either do worship or beg also from the God Almighty or do any good work too then also in it they wish to get worldly advantages.

    They call Allah Almighty only for the purpose that He should put up in a pile of the wealth and complete their material necessities. They take part in Jihad only for getting booty, perform the Pilgrimage only for folding up the commercial benefits, offer prayers and pay the poor-due to acquire confidence of the people and gain profit unlawfully from it. Near to them the Paradise and blessings of the Hereafter is nothing. They suppose the Resurrection Day as a useless faith. They think that the indisputable Life after death will never happen. They don’t believe on reward or punishment against good or bad deeds. The life is only in this world according to them and the success is only the worldly success.

    They are involved in open depravity. They have chosen the manner of infidelity and hypocrisy. While it is the fact that this world is only abridged part of our successive lives. Remaining and forever life will become our fortune only after death. That life will be fruit of our good or bad acts which we shall do in this world. The life of Hereafter is eternal, durable, unchangeable and without end. Real success is that life’s rest and success. We should strengthen our world’s lives so, that it becomes stairs of success for our future lives (of Hereafter).


    Seekers Of The World And The Hereafter 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –201 of 286, Section – 25 (Part  Ist Half of – 2)


    And of them (also) are those who say: “Our Lord! Give unto us in the world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and guard us from the Doom of Fire.”

    Wa  minhum-many-yaquulu  Rabbanaaa  ‘aatinaa  fid-dunyaa  hasanatanw-wa  fil-‘Aa-khirati  hasanatanw-wa  qinaa  ‘azzban-Naar.




    In the previous verse recitation was about the persons who desire only the world (money, gold, wealth and property). As they don’t deny Allah Almighty, also don’t believe entirely the Hereafter. Their begging, prayers and requests remain limited only for improvement of this material world. Their intention of worship is only to get the advantages of the world. God Almighty told this punishment for them that they will not gain any kind of future reward of virtues on the Doomsday because what they wish and for which they try, they will get in the world. Now while they have gotten their object in the world then any thing will not come into their hands during the Hereafter.

    In this lesson it has been stated about those Believers who have sound thought and right character, who believe on Hereafter, near to them the Day of Resurrection and Implementation mistakes will surely happen. So their sight is not only on the world but that is also on the Doomsday. So they don’t want only the world turning from the Hereafter and don’t do those works with which they may get advantages only for the world but reward for the Hereafter is removed. They consider about the good results in the matters, behaviors and social lives.

    It has been disclosed from the word hasanatan that the Believer is the Seeker of the Good and the Excellence of the world and the Hereafter. In the world he begs for power to do good acts. He demands strength and ability for good actions and deeds through prayers and worship and begs for good fruit of his good acts in the Hereafter. He goes away taking the both (the World and the Hereafter) with him. He does higher courtesy and fine affairs, and makes provision for the Hereafter, and prays from the God Almighty, “Guard me from the Fire of Hell, make room for me in the Paradise and bestow me the success”. It is the standard of the best person that he keeps in view the world and the Hereafter in his life and the affairs of his life, and uses to fear from the Doom of Hell.

    Bear in mind that Islam has told the competition of the world and the Hereafter but has not coped the religion and the world. Blessed are those persons who pass their lives likewise decorating along-with their Hereafter.


    Deeds Will Be Reckoned  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –202 of 286, Section – 25 (Part  Ist Half of – 2)


    For them there is in store a goodly portion out of that which they have earned. And Allah is Swift at reckoning.

    ‘Ulaaa-‘ika  lahum  nasiibum-mimmaa  kasabuu.  Wal-laahu  Sarii-‘ul-hisaab.




    We have recited about two kinds of the people in the previous verses of Holy Qur’an:

    1.        Those persons who want each type of success only in the world. Their intention is only to get the wealth and property from their all deeds and worships. Neither have they faith on the Day of Resurrection, nor on the results of the second life. So they beg the fruit of their labour and endeavors in this world. These kinds of persons will not get any remuneration, compensation or rewards of their actions on the Doomsday.

    2.      Who believe on Allah Almighty, on the Day of Resurrection and second life, don’t pray only for worldly magnificence as reward of their goodness, they do also the works with which their world and the End (both) may be arranged.  They will remain in comfort during the Hereafter as well as in this world. As though they keep their both lives at their own places, neither they sell the Hereafter for earning the world and nor seek the Hereafter leaving the world. Moreover they wish the success in both (the world and the Hereafter). They are eager to escape from the Fire of Hell. And they don’t entangle in those deeds for escaping from it which may cause to put them into the Hell.

    The result of these second kind of persons has been mentioned in today’s verse. That is to say, “the good remuneration will be bestowed as recompense of these persons’ good acts”. They will be kept away from the Hell as they wish. They will be forgiven on mistakes and errors, the room will be made for them in the Paradise and they will see that after the life of the world there is also another life in the Hereafter. Wealth and valuables of the world are nothing against the tastes of that life. Facilities, honour and dignity of the world all are casual and transitory but comparatively the blessings of Paradise will be everlasting, peaceful and comfortable.  `

    Saying the word Sarii-‘ul-hisaab the God Almighty has warned those people who don’t believe the Hereafter and pray only for the world, that Allah Almighty is Swift at reckoning. The Hereafter is not at much distance. On that Day they will see that how much they remain in loss due to begging remuneration of their acts only for the world, forgetting the Hereafter. On the other side the God Almighty has pacified those persons with this sentence, who believe the Doomsday, and wish to get the success of this world as well as the Day of Resurrection. They have been told that they will get the entire remuneration of their good deeds. So they should remain matured on their passage. At first the God Almighty has mentioned the world and then recitation about supplication of the Hereafter has been stated. That is to say, Islam is not against the world, and moreover it desires that the works of the world should be done with the concept of the Hereafter.


    Appointed Days Of The Pilgrimage

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –203a of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And remember Allah through the appointed days.

    Waz-kurullaaha  fiii  ‘ayyaa-mim-ma’-duudaat.




    ‘Ayaa-mim-ma’-duudaat – (some appointed days) ‘ayyaam is plural of the yawm which means ‘day’ and ma’-duudaat is from ‘adad (number, calculation). These two words signify towards the 10th, 11th and 12th the dates of Zul-Hijjah. Idiomatically these days are also named as ‘ayyaa-min tash-riiqTash-riiq means to cause to learn the sacrifice. The animals are sacrificed in these days.

    As we have discussed earlier that all the Pilgrims remain in ‘Arafat with effect from Zohar prayer till before sunset on 9th Zul-Hijjah. They begin to return from there till the time of sunset, stay at night in Muzdalfah. Next day (on 10th Zul-Hijjah) they reach Minaa, which is four miles from Makkah Mo-‘azmah towards north-west. It was a plain during old times. Now a lot of strong and majestic buildings have been constructed here. During the days of Pilgrimage, the Pilgrims hire these buildings on very high rates and this place remains in full bloom. In these days very great market is fixed up. Every thing of the world can be gotten from this market. The Pilgrims remain here till evening of the 12th Zul-Hijjah, perform here many duties and follow the practice of the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) relating to the Pilgrimage, for example – sacrifice the animals, shave their heads, throw the small stone balls over the Satans and untie their ‘Ihraam.

    It has been commanded in this verse, “Remember the God Almighty as much as you can in these days, engage yourselves in His worship and remembrance. There is a particular form to remember Allah Almighty that each Pilgrim should throw seven small stone balls over the Big Stone (Jumrah ‘Uqbaa) along with saying ‘Allahu ‘Akbar on throwing each small stone ball on 10th of Zul-Hijjah.  The correct time for throwing the stone ball starts from the dawn of the day. Likewise throw seven small stone balls over all the three stones (Sha-yaa-tiin) one by one on 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah, but on those stones the small stone balls will be thrown after inclining of the sun. After that the Pilgrims are permitted to go to Makkah.

    As you saw that since the recitation about Hajj and its orders has begun, it has been emphasized again and again to remember Allah Almighty. Thus also the best source of satisfaction of the heart and purity of the soul is in remembrance of the God Almighty. And it has special relation with the Pilgrimage. From all around the world the people of different races and temperaments assemble here on one place. The difficulties of the journey, troubles of the foreign country, recollection of the birth place, separation from the family members, these entire are the matters from whom it is necessary to be confused of every person. In the gatherings like these, it is customary thing to entangle with each other, to be harsh and quarrel, but there is no chance of these matters during the Pilgrimage.

    God Almighty commanded that the Pilgrims should pay attention on only one thing, forgetting the entire labors and that is “remembrance of Allah Almighty”, obey Him, remain busy in listening and causing to hear His Orders to others, remain engaged in His Praise, forget everything in abundance Praise of God Almighty.


    The Spirit Of The Goodness Is Piety

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –203b of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    Then whoso hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off (evil). And be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that unto him ye will be gathered.

    Faman-  ta-‘ajjala  fii yawmayni  falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  Wa  man-  ta-‘akh-khara  falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayhi,  li-manittaqaa.  Watta-qullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annakum  ‘ilayhi  tuh-sharuun.




    It has been stated in the previous lesson that there are special three days of worship, which are called ‘Ayyaa-mi tash-riiq, that is to say the 10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah. But if any person stays also after the 12th and prays the God Almighty, then it is no sin for him. And if any person sets on to Makkah after staying only two days, then it is also no sin for him.

    The object to tell by this verse is that the actual this is piety (fear of God Almighty), to abstain from the things which are forbidden by Allah Almighty, remain at distance from unlawful things, not to seek any pretence and excuse in His obedience, keeping to make intention His pleasure, to act upon His Orders and induce others, to keep the Day of Resurrection in front, to believe the life after death and to arrange for it.

    Some unsystematic-ness may happen due to certain compulsions in execution of lawful commands. But these compulsions will be accepted only of that person, who is punctual of honesty, chastity and abstinence. He doesn’t follow against the commands of Allah Almighty with violence and rebellion. It is clear that the person like this will never seek any pretence or excuse in obeying His Orders. The real thing which is required to be produced in the human being is piety. In its presence if any body falls in some littleness due to compulsion or poorness, then it can be forgiven.

    The Holy Qur’an preaches for the God-fearing with nearly each command. So it has much importance in the life of the mankind. The object from the orders of Allah Almighty is to grow cleanliness, purity and excellence in the human life. But if in the presence of these specialties, any person is unable to obey the Orders then there is no sin for him.

    The recitation about the Pilgrimage ends here.


    Opponents Who Swear

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –204 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And of mankind there is he, whose conversation on the life of this world pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth Allah to witness as to   that which is in his heart; yet he is the most rigid of opponents.

    Wa  minan-naasi many-yu’-jibuka  qawluhuu  fil-hayaatid-dunyaa  wa yush-hidullaaha  ‘alaa  maa  fii  qalbihii,  wa  huwa  ‘aladdul-khisaam.




    Wa  minan-naasi – (some people) it is not necessary that from the word ‘some’ it aims only one person. It may be one as well as many persons of the same nature.

    Qawluhuu – (his conversation) that is to say; his claim that he is ready to sacrifice himself on Islam, he has much love with Islam.

    Fil-hayaatid-dunyaa – (in the affairs of the life of this world) it is intended here to disclose from the word Fii that he has to achieve the world with his eloquence; speech, not the Hereafter. He tells the lies about worldly affairs, as though there is none wise and learned more than him.

    Yush-hidullaahu – (he calls Allah to witness) namely he (sacrilegious) tries to cause to believe using God Almighty’s Name to express strong feeling. It aims from his making swear that he settles witness to Allah Almighty on his statement.

    Before it we have recited about the Pilgrimage in which it was told that some unfortunate persons run behind the world. They are totally deprived of the good results of the Hereafter. But the pious persons beg for the world as well as for the Hereafter and ask for refuge from the torture of the Hell.

    From this verse the recitation about unlucky and treacherous persons begins. They talk with sweet conversation. Apparently they speak with wisdom, but they are the most rigid of opponents and quarrelsome. The Grace of Revelation of this verse is mentioned that there was a person named ‘Akhnas bin Shareeq of Saqeef tribe. Openly he seemed much devouring sorrow and sympathizer of Islam. He used to claim through his tongue much love for Islam. He used to come in the conference of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessing and peace be upon Him) and used to claim much long and wide, used to swear in his discourse. But whenever he used to leave that place, then he used to begin backbiting and mischief, and thought plans to harm Islam. It seems apparently that this verse was revealed for that person. But it applies to all those persons, who have that nature. More signs of these kinds of hypocrites will be stated in the leading verses. Here specialty of the hypocrite has been told that he binds many claims with his tongue, causes to believe in words that he is a believer, but in fact he is the most rigid of opponents, keeps enmity with Islam and Its Followers, and tries to harm them.


    Causing The Mischief

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –205 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And when he turneth away (from thee) his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle. And Allah loveth not mischief.

    Wa  ‘izaa  tawallaa  sa-‘aa  fil-‘arzi  li-yufsida  fiihaa  wa  yuh-likal-harsa  wan-nasl. Wal-laahu  laa yuhibbul-fasaad.




    Tawallaa – (he turns away) here it has two meanings – to turn away or to become ruler. That is to say; while he goes away leaving the conference of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), and according to the other meanings ‘he becomes ruler’. Some commentators of the Holy Qur’an have taken these meanings, that is to say; he becomes either officer of the state or the power is acquired by him anywhere.

    Sa-‘aa – (effort, endeavour, exertion) this word means ‘to become zealous, to labour too hard, attachment of attempt. Here it aims to labour too hard for establishing mischief and raising badness.

    Fil-‘arzi – (in the country) ‘Arz means ‘the earth’. It is intended for bringing this word usually to disclose that the hypocrites establish mischief at a vast range, they introduce the badness up to very long distance. However with the use of al (Alif Laam) along with the word ‘Arz it may be signified towards a particular place, as the city of Madina, which remained the centre of the hypocrites during the period of Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

    ‘Al-harsa – (the crops) that is to say; the mischief makers ruined the crops and kindled them. Some commentators have aimed the women from this word and some others have included it to harm the religion.

    ‘An-nasl – (the life) in destroying the life, both the lives i.e. the lives of the mankind and the cattle are included. Some commentators (Mufassiriin) have taken here the meanings as only the human lives. Aggregately the slaughter and the plunder, both are included in this word’s meaning.

    In the earlier verse it was told that apparently he claims the sympathy with Islam. But internally he is enemy of Islam. Then another thing that he tries to cause to believe on his truth swearing repeatedly Allah Almighty, witnesses the God Almighty in each matter. But in fact he is one of the most rigid of opponents. He tries to be entangled in each right affair and is enemy of the truth. His efforts are to harm Allah Almighty and His Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

    Some more signs have been told about likewise people in this verse. Because they ignite the fire of mischief and quarrel in the country, produce disturbance, try to distribute the united nation in different groups, so that they may get their attention, they burn the crops, slaughter the cattle, commit the fornication, become guilty of the unnatural act, due to which breed of the human ruins.


    False Dignity

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –206 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And when it is said unto him: Be careful of thy duty to Allah, pride taketh him to sin. Therefore Hell will be sufficient for him. And certainly it is an evil-resting place.

    Wa  ‘izaa  qiila  lahuttaqil-laaha  ‘akhazat-hul-‘izzatu  bil-‘ismi  fa-hasbuhuu  Jahannam.  Wa  la-bi’-sal-mihaad. 




    Another sign of the Hypocrites has been mentioned in this verse. Namely, tyrannize the people, false claiming, establish mischief and sedition, rebel and defy against Allah Almighty coming in their pride. When the people try to admonish them, “Come to the straight Path leaving the matters of mischief and disturbance, fear from the God Almighty, pass your lives in peace and comfort” then they become more zealous in mischief and sin to keep firm their false dignity and self made honor.

    When the people say them, “Fear from Allah Almighty” then it strongly hits their pride. Their all palaces made of false desires and liar dignity drop down, so it divulges their secret and they doesn’t remain of anywhere. So to keep their dignity established they don’t care to disobey the Orders of God Almighty, tyrannize the people, and try to press the judgment of the people using every lawful and unlawful weapon. Allah Almighty has prepared the Hell for these kinds of people, where they will be thrown, they will be burnt there forever and suffer flavor of their pride.

    The aims of the Divine Law of Islam are, “To normal the Justice, rest and Peace in the world, every person should have liberty to gain from the things created by Allah Almighty, the facilities may be gotten for acting upon the prescribed Guidance and Teachings revealed by the God Almighty and each human being may get his Right easily.

    To achieve these all objects the Believer helps Islam, the Infidel stands in the way and the Hypocrite is likewise the serpent of the sleeve (enemy) that he keeps rigid enmity with Islam and shows the love with Islam from his apparently claims and liar statements. But he doesn’t cause to open his hearty enmity. So he will be punished more severely.

    This Hypocrite puts the greatest hindrance in getting intentions of the Divine of Islam, doesn’t disclose his heart’s secrets, and remains earnest in mischief and quarrelsome, ruins the crops and slaughters the cattle. Really the concept of false dignity and self make honor is a great hindrance in the path of advice and warning.



    Wisher of The Pleasure of Allah

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –207 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the Pleasure of Allah. And Allah hath compassion on (His) bondmen.

    Wa minan-naasi many-yashrii naf- sahub-tigaaa-‘a Marzaatillah. Wallaahu Ra-‘uufum- bil-‘ibaad.



    In this verse it has been explained about those true Believers who sacrifice even their lives for this purpose so that Allah Almighty would be pleased to them.

    If the mankind thinks on this reality then he will know that the quarrels, in which he is involved, are worthless. Narrow minded people suppose that as much they have property and wealth, land and estate, the entire are their own. As much they will get more, all that would be their own also. They imagine that the worldly honor and dignity is the only object of theirs. To get these things in all respect is the greatest success. But they don’t see that firstly neither they have power over themselves, nor on their property which they have or which they get more. These entire worldly things will remain in the world and they have to expire. Isn’t it possible that their arms may be broken, paralyze their powers and fail their hearts and brains? Then why are these fighting, loot and booty, extortion, mischief and violation? Is it all for that life which has no surety? Is it for that dignity which has no foundation?

    A believer knows these things and he understands that nothing is his own. But every thing is of the Creator Who gave him life, Who brought him up and made him able to get benefits from the blessings of the world. So every thing is of Allah Almighty and intention to use every thing is to seek the Pleasure of God Almighty. If the things bestowed by Him would be used in His path and to achieve His Pleasure, then what will we lose. If any thing will become less then He will give more. If our alone life on which we have no power, would be sacrificed to seek His Pleasure then what we will lose. The life given by Him who had to be end if that is sacrificed for Him then what will be better prodigal than it.

    Jaan dii, dii huwii usii kii thii

    Haq to yeh hai keh Haq adaa naa huwa

    (I have sacrificed my life which was given by Him

    True is it that the Right isn’t performed)

    He is the most Kind and Loving on His slaves (human beings). A person can’t imagine His favors, blessings and Kindness. He cannot count His blessings. Alas! The person would think about this fact so that the gratitude and appreciation would be produced into him.


    Enter Into Islam One And All

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –208 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    O ye who believe! enter, into submission (unto Him) one and all; and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! He is an open enemy for you.

    Yaaa –‘ayyu-hal-laziina  ‘aamanuud-khuluu  fis-Silmi  kaaaffah.  Wa  laa  tat—tabi-‘uu  khutuwaatish-Shay-taan.  ‘Innahuu  lakum  ‘aduw-wum-mubiin.



    ‘As-Silmi – (Islam) literal meanings of Salama are truce and peace. And this word comes opposite to war. The Commentators of the religion have taken the meaning of ‘as-Silmi here as Islam. The masters of the dictionary have also accepted this meaning of it.

    Kaaaffah – (one and all, entire) origin of this word is kafafa which means ‘to stop’. Kaaaffah means ‘enter into Islam completely and obey the Islam in all respects.


    Khutuwaati – (the footsteps) its singular is Khutuh, which means the footstep i.e. obedience and Compliance.

    Reason of the Revelation of this verse is that a few Jews embraced Islam but they also continued compliance the Jewish religion along with Islamic Divine, for example to consider the Saturday as a holy day, to deem the meat and milk of camel as forbidden and recite the Torah etc. Then some people used to make any false belief by themselves or consider sacred their any act and include their self made faiths in the religion along with the Islamic Divine. Allah almighty revealed this verse to stop obeying other orders along with the Islamic orders, and commanded that ‘enter, into submission (unto Him) one and all’. That is to say; neither make false beliefs yourselves, nor follow the myths, nor execute the other teachings and nor that any thing you do not like or that which seems difficult to you, not to believe in it.

    Islam is neither only the name of a few beliefs, nor it is the collection of a few prayers (worships), but it is the most perfect, superior and fine code for the entire life. It guides in each field of life, fulfills all requirements of human nature, shows favor in orders keeping in view his weaknesses, guides rightly to reach the destination and instructs to get the supreme success of the religion and the world. So it is necessary to embrace Islam whole heartedly. Moral, social, economical and political means in every field of life, it is necessary to obey the Islamic laws.

    The People who don’t do so, though they follow the devil’s footsteps even he is their open enemy. To hope for good from him is extremely foolish and ignorant. The Islam and the Infidelity can’t remain together. So either become completely the slaves of The Merciful otherwise you have to follow the footsteps of the Devil, which is the only loss forever.



    Don’t Err Intentionally

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –209 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And if ye slide back after the clear proofs have come unto   you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    Fa-‘in- zalaltum-mim-  ba’-di maa jaaa-‘atkumul-Bayyi-naatu fa’-lamuuu ‘annallaaha ‘Aziizun- Hakiim.



    ‘Al-Bayyi-naatu – (the clear proofs) it means those orders and instructions which have no doubt and intricacy of any kind. For instance, having Faith to believe on One God (Allah Almighty), having Belief on the rightful of the Last Messenger of God Almighty (Muhammad’s truism) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and the commands about the prayers. The entire orders of this kind had already reached the Jews and other groups.

    Zalaltum – (you slide back) this word is from zallah which literally means ‘to reel, to stagger, to slip, to err. It happens also without discretion. So we have known from it too that to be misled due to forgetting can be cause of sin also. So the repentance is required to be forsworn.

    Aziizun – (The Mighty, The Powerful) it means the Entity who can punish while and whatever He wishes. It can be translated as The Dominant.

    Hakiim – (The Wise) here its meaning will be ‘The Entity who punishes always at the right time and in this punishment, there is hidden a great advisability’, because He is The Wise.

    It is the good luck of the human being that Allah Almighty established series of the Prophets (peace be upon them) with excellent Mercy and Kindness for his guidance. To show him the straight path and cause him embracing to success, Allah Almighty continued sending His Selected Prophets (peace be upon them) in different nations time to time. These Messengers (peace be upon them) used to show the right path to the people who forgot and caused to save the straying people from the whirlpool, improved their moralities and cleaned them from the filth. But the history of the world tells that unlucky persons violated them, sometimes exiled and sometimes killed them. They dug the pit hole for themselves at their own by behaving like this.

    At the end Allah Almighty sent the Last Messenger (Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) explained the heavenly teachings to the people of the world, showed them acting on these teachings with His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) good attitude, proved by creating a group of righteous and respectable persons with His companionship and company that these are the clear orders of Allah Almighty. And the success can be gotten by acting upon them.

    How much misfortune of the mankind is that in spite of getting so great dignity he deflects away from it, acts against it and becomes its enemy? These evil-doers will surely be punished. Because there is no reason and excuse remained for them now. The Argument of Allah Almighty has been established. None of them can say now that the True Religion didn’t come to us.


    The Irrational Demand

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –210 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Wait they for naught else than that Allah should come unto them in the shadows of the clouds with the angles? Then the case would be already judged. And all cases go back to Allah (for judgment).

    Hal yanzuruuna ‘illaaa ‘any-ya’-tiya-humullaahu fii zulalim- minal-gamaami wal-malaaa-‘ikatu wa quziyal-‘amr.  Wa ‘ilallaahi turja-‘ul-‘umuur.



    Allah Almighty granted different powers to the mankind, in which wisdom and understanding are also included, so that the human being may distinguish between the right and wrong, good and bad, and the oppression and justice. Apart from these powers Allah Almighty sent the Prophets (peace be upon them) for the guidance of the mankind and to prove their truth, He sent also different signs. So that looking these signs the person would believe in the Prophets (peace be upon them), think about their teachings and adopt the pathway to reach the God Almighty. In the signs of Allah Almighty firstly there are those signs which as if, talk at their own that these all things are created by the Creator who is Almighty, Wise, Omnipresent, Compassionate and Kind, for example creation of the universe, its management, its evolution, then arrangements for the necessities and satisfaction of the mankind.

    Secondly the signs which reached through The Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) unto us, for example His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) personal perfect Model of personality, His spotless character, His good attitude and His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) miracles, etc.

    After going through these both kinds of signs the person’s wisdom demands that the faith should be embraced in Allah Almighty, Who is The Creator of the entire worlds and Who brings them up. If any person or group slides back from it then as he is waiting for that The God Almighty have to come personally in front of him with His Army of the Angles, and tell that ‘It is My order, accept it’. Looking out of this kind will end on ruin and destruction of these people. Because neither it has happened earlier and nor will happen. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and vision, and sent His signs after it. Now it has become obligation for the mankind to believe in them. If one neither considers these signs, nor uses his wisdom and understanding, then he will surely be destroyed because there is none reason remaining not to believe in Allah. Then the entire mankinds have to be present in the court of Allah. Because circumference of all the doings is upon the God Almighty and He will decide their matters.


    Lesson From The Children Of Israel

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –211 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear Signs We gave them! He who altereth the Grace of Allah after it hath come unto him (for him), lo! Allah is Severe in punishment.

    Sal  Baniii-‘Is-raaa-‘iila  kam  ‘aataynaahum-min  ‘Aa-yatim-bayyinah.  Wa  many-yubaddil  ni’-matallaahi  mim-ba’-di  maa  jaaa-‘at-hu  fa- ‘in-nallaaha  Shadiidul- ‘iqaab.



    It has been declared earlier that the God Almighty and His Angels (peace be upon them) never came openly near the human beings, moreover Allah Almighty has sent always the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) for the guidance of mankind out of them. In this verse this reality is being cleared from the history of the children of Israel. Namely ‘We gave many likewise signs to the children of Israel from which the truth of the existence of God Almighty, purity and teachings of His Messengers (peace be upon them) used to open’. But they put back all those signs. Allah Almighty honored them, but they proved as they were thankless. God Almighty bestowed a lot of kindnesses upon the children of Israel; some of them are being stated here briefly:

    1.  They were set free from the oppression of the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh used to cause the slaughter of the children of Jews and keep their daughters alive, used to take hard labour from them, disgrace and ruin them in all respect. Allah Almighty escaped them from his tyranny.

    2.  A glorious Prophet named Moses (peace be upon him) was sent by Him into them, who brought them out from the slavery of the Pharaoh, fear and dominion of the Qabtiis.

    3.  Drowned their enemy Pharaoh into the sea in front of them.

    4.  Kept them under the shadow of clouds during their period in the deserts of Sinai Valley, brought down Manna and Quail for their eating, flowed the springs of water.

    5.  Revealed the Torah upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) for their guidance.

    6.  Settled them in the Country Palestine.

    7.  Maintained a series of the Prophets (peace be upon them) in their race for a long time.

    But despite all these favors the children of Israel followed their personal desires. They turned their faces from the Holy Book revealed by Allah Almighty, deviated from His Orders, they remained happy in arbitrary Business. Allah Almighty sent upon them different kinds of wrath as punishment for this disobedience, so that they come by the way. But even then their scholars changed the words and meanings of the orders of God Almighty, and made changes intentionally in the Holy Book. The public followed them blind. If these people will resist even now on their words and will not believe in the True and Last Speech of Allah Almighty “Holy Qur’an”, then remember! Allah Almighty is Severe in punishment and their end will be the same as it had of the previous nations.


    Don’t Make A Jest Of The Believers

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –212 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Beautified is the life of the world for those who disbelieve; and they make a jest of the believers. But those who keep their duty to Allah will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.

    Zuyyina  lillaziina kafarul-hayaatud-dunyaa  wa  yas-kharuuna  minallaziina  ‘aamanuu.  Wallaziinat-taqaw  fawqa-hum  Yawmal-Qiyaamah.  Wal-laahu  yarzuqu  many-yashaaa- ‘u  bi-gayri  hisaab.



    Reason of revelation of this verse is that the leaders of the Idolaters used to make a jest of the Muslims, suppose them contemptible. They used to make a jest of Hadrat Bilal, ‘Ammaar, Suhaib and other poor Companions (God may please with them) of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and say, “these stupid persons accepted the world’s calamities and difficulties on the thought of the Hereafter (we seek refuge in Allah), and look at Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Who wants conquest over the powerful Arab leaders and chiefs with the assistance of these beggars, needy and poor people, and expects to correct the entire world with the help of these poor persons. This verse was revealed on the base of this buffoonery test and jest of these people.

    They were told that it was ignorance and immaturity to think like this. They don’t know that these poor and distressed people will be superior and excellent than these leaders on the Day of Judgment. To whom Allah Almighty wishes, bestows him uncountable livelihood. So there came a day that these poor people upon whom the infidels made jokes, got the wealth of Banu Qureza and Banu Nuzair. And Allah Almighty bestowed them reign over two major kingdoms of that times – Iran and Rome, and gave then worldly leadership, wealth and sovereignty.

    It has been often seen that the rich persons and leaders who are deniers of Allah Almighty, they take pride in their wealth and think that they will purchase every thing of this world, and will conquer every power of the world with their wealth. Due to this pride and arrogance these people make a jest of the poor, honest and truth-lovers. To them wealth is the only sign of the nobility and the state. To them superiority of the morality and purity of the character is nothing. But they don’t know that the wealth is a moving shade, it is a passing shadow, sometimes hither and sometimes thither, and it has no stopping place. The thing on which one hasn’t power and control and which would be temporary and instable, to take pride in this extent is unprofitable and useless.

    The real thing is goodness and abstinence. It is the greatest wealth. On The Day of Judgment the best reward will be bestowed in its exchange and all the rich and deniers will be overwhelmed on that Day. They will drown in the ignominy and disgrace and will repent on their deeds. How much it would be good if these persons would understand that Allah Almighty gives livelihood to creature. He can give it to the honest people after snatching from them. They shouldn’t make a jest of the poor and needy persons. They should attend to correct their own Hereafter. May God Almighty guide us so that we don’t say any thing wrong from our mouths. Aameen.


    One Community

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –213a of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (unto them) Prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and revealed therewith the Scripture with the truth that it might judge between mankind concerning that   wherein they differed.

    Kaanan-naasu  ‘um-matanw-waahidah.  Faba-‘asal-laahun-nabiyyiina  Mubash-shiriina  wa  Munziriin;  wa  ‘anzala  ma-‘ahumul-Kitaaba  bil-haqqi  liyahkuma  banyan-naasi  fiimakh-talafuu  fiih.



    ‘Um-matanw-waahidah – (one community, one nation) ‘um-mat means a religious sect or creed. This word has come into use many times ago.

    God Almighty commanded that the entire children of Adam (peace be upon Him) were one community in the beginning. They all had one religion. They were established on Oneness of God. Whenever any misunderstanding used to grow in their beliefs, then the Prophets (peace be upon them) were used to send by God Almighty as bearers of good tidings and warners, and they used to sweep their differences.

    As though, their thought that, “nobody knew about the true religion in the beginning and for reaching the present ‘Oneness of God’ it has passed through many stages”, is baseless.


    Faba-‘asa – (then He sent) here Fa aims ‘after a long time’ that is to say when the absurd radicals had invented uncountable faiths and religions, and the contradictions increased between them.

    Mubash-shiriina – (the bearers of good tidings) its origin is bashara which means ‘happy news, glad or good tidings’. Those persons, who embrace the Divine law, cause to hear the happy news.

    Munziriin – (the warners) it aims that the Prophets (peace be upon them) were sent to warn the persons who deny and rebel against the laws given by Allah Almighty.    


    Liyahkuma – (that it might judge between the mankind) that is to say ‘The God Almighty might decide through these Prophets’ (peace be upon them).

    Only one religion has been coming with effect from the Prophet Adam (peace be upon him). The people put difference in this religion after some time, then Allah Almighty sent the Prophets (peace be upon them) from time to time, who used to cause to hear the good tidings of rewards to the Believers and warn the Infidels from the ignominy, and He revealed also the True Books (Scriptures), so that the differences and strives may be swept, and the true religion may escape from their differences.


    Religious differences

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –213b of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    And only those unto whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear proofs had come unto them, through hatred one of another. So Allah by His Will guided those who believe unto the truth of that concerning which they differed. And Allah guideth whom He will unto a straight path.

    Wa  makh-talafa  fiihi ‘illallaziina  ‘uutuuhu  mim- ba’-di  maa jaaa-‘at-humul-bayyinaatu  bagyam- baynahum.  Fahadallaa- hullaziina  ‘aamanuu  li-makhtalafuu  fiihi  minal-Haqqi  bi-‘iznih.  Wallaahu yahdii  many- yashaaa-‘u ‘ilaa  Siraatim- Mustaqiim.



    ‘Allaziina ‘uutuuhu  (to whom it was given) to whom means, “Those people who were given the Holy Books through the Prophets (peace be upon them), particularly the leaders and Spiritual Guides of those communities because these persons used to take the people towards the deviation and people just followed them”.

    Bagyam- baynahum – (due to bigotry of one another) here it has been cleared that the real cause of differences and conflicts was hatred between one another and carnal-ness. And it wasn’t at all the reason that there was something wrong in the orders of Allah Almighty.

    Bi-‘iznih – (by His Will) in the Holy Qur’an the word Azan has been used for the both meanings i.e. the order and the permission. Here it means favour and strength from The God Almighty.

    It has been told in this part of the verse that after coming the Prophets (peace be upon them) and revelation of the Holy Books, these were the persons who differed, who were given the Scriptures. For example the leaders and Spiritual Guides of Christians and Jews used to make differences in Torah and Gospel, change their meanings and do arbitrary in the paraphrase and explanations of these Scriptures at their own. They didn’t do all these differences unintentionally. But they did so for bigotry, jealousy of one another and greed of the worldly wealth and property.

    In these situations the people who were seekers of the Faith and who had the ability of Belief, Allah Almighty guided them to the straight path with His Mercy and Blessing, bestowed them the strength to follow it, and saved them from the contradictions of the misled. It is also known from this verse that it is the custom of the world that the bad people make differences and remain earnest to do so. Therefore, the Believers shouldn’t follow them. Moreover they should act according to the guidance and teachings of Prophet of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). The Guidance is that which has given by the God Almighty and the success will be gotten by acting upon that manner which Allah Almighty has told.








    Moments Of Trial

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –214 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Do ye think that ye will enter Paradise while yet there hath not come unto you the like of (that which came to) those who passed away before you? Affliction and adversity befell them, they were shaken as with earthquake, till the messenger (of Allah) and those who believed along with him said: When cometh Allah’s help? Beware! Surely Allah’s help is nigh.

    ‘Am hasibtum ‘an- tad-khulul-Jannata wa lammaa ya’-tikum-masa-lullaziina khalaw min- qablikum. Massat-humul- ba’-saaa-‘u wazzar-raaa-‘u wa  zul-ziluu hattaa ya-quular-Rasuulu wallaziina ‘aamanuu ma-‘ahuu mataa nasrul-laah. ‘Alaaa ‘inna nasrallaahi qariib.




    In this verse Allah Almighty has commanded that it is necessary for the mankind to compete the hardness, calamities and difficulties for getting betterment and success. It isn’t right to hope for success without bearing difficulties and hardships and passing through the test. The greatest goodness has been declared as the Paradise in this verse and told that too much great blessing cannot be gotten without hard work. The pathway of the goodness and Paradise has been made too much difficult that it might be known that ‘who has the demand and yearning for it?’ Who will have its real quest; he will try his best using the entire powers and strength which Allah Almighty has bestowed him for this purpose. He will be ready to sacrifice his everything for this. Moreover the people, who will get their purposes passing through the hard paths, they will understand also its real value.

    Allah Almighty has proved by giving the reference of the previous communities that the successors have faced always the hardships and difficulties because the enemies of Allah Almighty and keeping enmity of the goodness lack never anything to torture these Believers. They leave them after making helpless and poor, and tyrannize them at the extent that the Prophet (peace be upon him) and His Believer Companions call, “O Allah! Now it is the end of the limit of their torture, when Your help will come?”

    Allah Almighty has promised these Believers that His help shall come surely but there is a fixed rule for this help, at first the people are tested, when they remain sticking with throughout patient and steadfast, then finally Allah Almighty gives them success and the enemy of righteousness falls in the humility and is ruined.


    Where Should Be Spent

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –215 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    They ask thee, (O Muhammad), what they should spend. Say; that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is aware of it.

    Yas-‘aluunaka  maazaa  yunfiquun.  Qul  maaa  ‘anfaq- tum-min  khayrin- falil-waali-dayni  wal- ‘aqrabiina  wal- yataa-maa  wal-masaakiini  wab-nis-sabiil.  Wa  maa  taf- ‘aluu  min  khayrin- fa- ‘innallaaha  bihii  ‘Aliim.




    Khayrin – (wealth, goods, property etc.) each type of goodness is included in the word khayrin i.e. bodily or financial, big or small, but it also means good earning and the wealth. And here meaning of Khayrin is the wealth.

    In this verse it has been mentioned that the Muslims asked from The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), “what they should spend?” Allah Almighty commanded that they should spend how much they want out of their good earnings and the pure wealth, beside this Allah Almighty told about the people upon whom the wealth should be spent:

    1.       waali-daynifirst right is of our parents out of our wealth. Alas! Now a days the well to do, the married and the well earner youngsters don’t recognize the right of their parents.


    1.       ‘Al- ‘aqrabiinaafter the parents comes the right of the near kindred (close relatives). How much great rule Islam has given that the charity and goodness should be started from the nearest relatives and supplied it far away.


    1.     Wal- yataa-maaYou should take care and train them becoming the shadow over their heads, which are deprived of the shadow of their parents. The Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has commanded too much rights of the orphans and fixed it a great virtue to serve them.


    1.     Wal-masaakiinithose weak and disabled people who are excused to earn.


    1.       Wab-nis-sabiil:  fifth rank is of the needy wayfarers.



    Order Of Warfare

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –216a of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you.

    Kutiba ‘alaykumul-qitaalu wa huwa kurhul-lakum.




    We have discussed this matter earlier with detail that the source of our guidance is only Islam. Islam has complete rules under practice for our lives. If any person accepts any other religion turning his face from It, then he will turn away from the real destination, will surrender himself to destruction going astray. Because meaning of deflecting away from Islam is that the person will ruin the peace and security, will spread mischief and violence, will tyrannize others and violate their rights.

    Allah Almighty has ordered the Muslims to fight against all those people who turn away from Islam, remain earnest in spreading evil and mischief, engage in conspiracies and depravities because they are the enemies of Islam and ruin the peace. Kill them because only the end of those people can become the cause of improvement of Islam and prosperity of the universe of the world.

    The Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was ordered for warfare after the migration from Makkah to Madina while He had to establish the base of new state, preach for Islam openly and had to bring a new society in existence according to the guidance of Allah Almighty, but at that time the Muslims were weak and helpless, deficient in numbers, didn’t had the equipment of warfare and were in the seizure of the worst condition and anxiety. Therefore it was necessary to undergo invasive naturally the order of warfare. So they were told that whether the warfare would be how much hateful to them but they had to do their duty.

    The most precious thing for the mankind is his life. Its end is felt by him unlike and unpleasant. It is common in the warfare leaving one’s life, loss of lives. But Allah Almighty informed that far-reaching results and benefits of this warfare are a lot which will result afterward. Therefore if the unpleasantness is borne temporarily and the loss is endured, then its result will be much sweet and superior. We should obey the orders of Allah Almighty without hesitation and caring for the favorite things of the world,. We should earn the pleasure of Allah Almighty by sacrificing our lives, our children and wealth.


    Love And Hate Of The Mankind

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –216b of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    And it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. And Allah knoweth, and ye know not.

    Wa  ‘asaaa  ‘an- takrahuu  shay-‘anw-wa  huwa  khayrul-lakum.  Wa  ‘asaaa  ‘an- tuhibbuu  shay- ‘anw-wa  huwa  sharrul-lakum.  Wal-laahu  ya’- lamu  wa  ‘antum  laa  ta’- lamuun.      




    ‘Asaaa – (it may happen, perhaps) it is possible, it may be.

    In the first part of the verse God Almighty ordained for warfare and commanded that apparently the slayer seems bad to you but there is no resource without it for the life of the community and exaltation of the nation.

    Now to clear this subject, it is being commanded in a very good and unique manner:

    “And it may happen that you hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that you love a thing which is bad for you.” Its evidence is that, you don’t know about your well and worse. You don’t know, “what is better for you and what is bad. However The Creator knows very well that what is better and what is bad. While it is the reality then do that whatever He says and which He orders. There is kind and good for you in it.

    There is no doubt the most difficult thing in this world is to endanger one’s life and property, and these both fears exist in the warfare. The human being can’t be ready to sacrifice these precious things i.e. the life and property easily. However, if he would know that this life and the entire paraphernalia of this life are casual, and the immortal life and permanent comfort will be bestowed after it, then these things doesn’t value to the human being.

    Secondly, if the mankind would have sure that his Creator knows better about his profit and loss than him, moreover he doesn’t have any knowledge. The entire wisdoms and the goodness are in His control and whatever He says, that all is for his favour. In this form a person will be ready to sacrifice either it is his life and property or any other most precious thing. And at that time nothing will get any value to him.


    Warfare In The Sacred Months

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217a of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred months. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression).

    Yas-‘aluunaka ‘anish- Shahril-Haraami qitaalin-fiih. Qul qitaalun-fiihi kabiir.




    ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (the sacred month) Lunar year has four sacred months; Muharram, Rajab, Zi Qa’dah and Zil-Hajjah. These months were considered very blessed and pure by the Arabs. Even the killing, devastation and militancy were their occupation, but they used to stop every kind of warfare during these four months. Here the month of Rajab signifies particularly towards ‘ash- Shahrul-Haraamu.

    Cause of revelation of this verse is that in the 2nd Hijrah once during the journey, a warfare took place between some Companions (may God be pleased with them) of the Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and Idolaters, and one Idolater was killed in the war. To these companions this warfare was fought on 30th of the month of Jamadi-as-saani which wasn’t a sacred month, but after that it was known that the moon of Jamadi-as-saani had become of 29 days, and on which the warfare was fought, that was 1st of Rajab which was a sacred month.

    To this error which happened unknowingly, the Infidels and Idolaters extended this news very much and began taunting, “See! Now the Muslims don’t respect these months. They have begun the warfare also in the month of Rajab.” Due to this reason, those Companions attended the court of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and asked, “It is happened unintentionally. What we have to do now”. Then this verse was revealed and the Muslims were told that the warfare is a worse thing during the sacred months but it is; when the sin is done intentionally and having the knowledge of the sacred months the warfare is fought. And this battle which the Muslims fought wasn’t fought intentionally but it was their misunderstanding.

    The Scholars agree upon this matter that even now whenever the Infidels will begin fighting in the sacred months then the Muslims can fight counter and defensive war to save them, can react on their attack because the human lives are more sacred than the sanctity of these months. It is more necessary to save them. Although to fight in these sacred months is worse but the worst things are those which are done by the Infidels. For example, they don’t believe in Allah Almighty, do worship of more gods instead of the One, do not believe in the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection), spread the sedition and quarrelsome, and exile the people from their houses, because these things are more worse and horrible than the warfare. The Infidels don’t be attentive on their doings themselves. They began taunting the Muslims upon a little unknowingly error.

    These matters have been discussed in the next part of this verse which you will read in the next lesson. The Infidels and idolaters don’t see their own behavior but entangle with the Muslims. They are taunting on an unintentional mistake.


    Behavior Of The Infidels

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217b of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    But to turn (men) from the Way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel His people thence, is a greater with Allah; and persecution is worse than killing.

    Wa  saddun  ‘an- sabiilillaahi  wa  kufrum-bihii  wal-Masjidil-Haraami  wa  ‘ikh-raaju  ‘ahlihii  minhu  ‘akbaru  ‘indallaah.  Wal-fitnatu  ‘akbaru  minal-qatl.




    Sabiilillaahi – (the Way of Allah) its aim is Islam. It is the chosen path of the God Almighty. The human being can decorate his World and Hereafter by moving on this pathway.

    We have studied in the previous lesson that once in warfare a few Muslims killed an Infidel. It was happened unknowingly during a sacred month. The Infidels reproached and taunted them on it. Allah Almighty has commanded in these verses that although it is sin to fight during any sacred month, but those sins are comparatively bigger which are done by these Infidels. Some kinds of sins are being submitted in today’s lesson.

    Saddun  ‘an- Sabiilillaahi – (to turn (men) from the Way of Allah) that is to say “to prevent the people from embracing Islam and torture them with cruelty who have embraced Islam, to threaten them who intend to embrace Islam”. The Infidels of Makkah used to do all these evils. They used to forbid the people to believe in the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). They used to beat them and lay them down on the hot stones who embraced Islam. They used to prevent them from leaving the Makkah who wished to move away from this sacred Place.

    Kufrum-bihii – (to disbelieve in Him) second sin which the Infidels used to do, was “atheism from Allah Almighty, refusal from His Existence and Virtues”.

    ‘Al-Masjidil-Haraami – (the Inviolable Place of Worship) Khana Ka’-ba – this House of Allah Almighty was only for worship, but the Infidels had put in it uncountable Idols. The Muslims wished to make it the House of Oneness of The God Almighty, but the Infidels used to prevent them to enter in this Inviolable Place of Worship and hindered them from doing worship.

    ‘Ikh-raaju  ‘ahlihii – (to expel the people from Makkah, who were its residents) the Infidels of Makkah tyrannized and oppressed the Muslims as much that they were compelled ultimate to leave Makkah. These poor and helpless Muslims took refuge in Madina leaving behind their families, and ran away to save their lives giving up their entire family members and properties. How big this sin is which was committed by the Idolaters of Makkah?

    ‘Al-fitnatu – (the persecution, mischief, sedition, plundering and turning the people from true religion) the Infidels of Makkah had been creating these entire evils but they did not consider them as their crimes. Allah Almighty commands, “Killing is reasonable in all respect while the situations arise so”.


    Attempts Of The Idolaters

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217c of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can.

    Wa  laa  yazaaluuna  yuqaatiluuna-kum  hattaa  yarud-duu-kum  an- Diinikum  ‘inis- tataa-‘uu. 



    It has been cleared openly in this verse that till the time the Muslims will remain firm on the religion of Allah Almighty, the Idolaters and Infidels will continue opposing them in all respect. They will not leave any stone unturned to humiliate in each situation and at every time, desiring they either get this opportunity in the limits of Haram or during the sacred and pure month, as they did so at the time of        Hudaybiyah. At that time they did not care for any respect and blessing, were prepared to kill or die due to enmity and envy with only the Muslims. And they prevented the Muslims to go to Makkah and to perform the Pilgrimage (Umrah). So it should not be cared if these types of the enemies of Islam reproach and taunt the Muslims. The Muslims should not wait to kill them due to only the sacred month.

    It is also evident from this verse that how much the Idolaters of Makkah were displeased from Islam and how much they were enemy of the Truth and the Right. They were insistent with every possible strength and plan that the Muslims should turn away from their religion; they were trying their best to prevent the people from embracing Islam, compel them to believe in the false and old faiths, establish them to do worship of the Idols, and if possible, erase the name and sign of the Islam.

    Here is a question that, “Why the Infidels and Idolaters were too much opponent of Islam? Why were they pursuing to finish It? Why did they see the beliefs of the Muslims with bad sight? Why did they hate the teachings of Islam?

    There are the answers of above mentioned questions that they had made their religion, their politics and their culture according to their manners at that time. Their aims and purposes were limited only up to their own welfare and wellbeing. They wished to retain the traditions of their own society. Contrary to this the Islam delivered the message of accomplished equality and global development, provided equal rights to every person being the mankind, refused to accept the existence of any particular interested society. So those all persons who conceived at the limited scale and who were miserly and selfish, they prepared themselves for enmity and malice.

    How the false could stay in front of the true? How the darkness might remain after coming in the Light? Those people drowned themselves in their own folly and enmity, and stood the rightful of punishment forever. They were unlucky in this world and also became deserving of the Hell on the Day of Resurrection.


    Punishment Of A Renegade

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217d    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And whoso of you becometh a renegade and dieth in his disbelief: such are they whose works have fallen both in the world and the Hereafter. And such are rightful owners of the Fire, they will abide therein forever.

    Wa many-yartadid  minkum  ‘an- Diinihii  fayamut  wa  huwa  kaafirun- fa- ‘ulaaa- ‘ika  habitat ‘a’-maaluhum  fid-dunyaa  wal- ‘Akhirah.  Wa  ‘ulaaa- ‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar.  Hum  fiihaa  khaaliduun.



    It was cleared from the previous lesson that the Infidels and Idolaters will carry on trying to turn the Muslims away from Islam with every method. They will threaten and terrify them, offer them different hopes, tempt them. Their entire attempts will be for the purpose that with any possible way the Muslims should not increase in numbers, they would return towards the ignorance and darkness of infidelity.

    It has been warned in this verse that if any Muslim will become a renegade leaving Islam under the influence of Infidels, due to scare or lure, and will die in his disbelief then his all deeds will be lost. He will have to face its punishment also in the world and on the Day of Resurrection too.

    Punishment due to becoming a renegade toward infidelity from Islam will be that his life and wealth will not be protected. His relation will cut from his Muslim wife.  He cannot get the hereditary property of the Muslims. Moreover if there is a Muslim government then that disloyal, renegade and rebel person has not any right for living.

    On the Day of Resurrection he will be punished rigorously as he will remain deprived from his rewards and compensation. He will not get exchange of his any worship and good deed. He will be put in to the Hell, will be burnt there forever and harmed any way.

    Fayamut  wa  huwa  kaafirun – (if he dies in his disbelief) Allah Almighty taught from this sentence that if (God forbid) any Muslim becomes a renegade, even then he has the opportunity to return toward the religion. The punishment of Hereafter is only in that case, if he dies in the folly of Infidelity.

    The punishment of the renegade is too much rigorous because he became the renegade after understanding the Islam. Then doubts may rise in the hearts of other persons seeing him.




    Belief, Emigration And Strive

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –218    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Lo! Those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the Way of Allah, these have hope of Allah’s Mercy. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

    ‘Innallaziina  ‘aamanuu  wallaziina  haajaruu  wa  jaa-haduu  fii Sabiilillaahi,  ‘ulaa-‘ika  yarjuuna  Rahmatallaah.  Wallaahu  Gafuurur-Rahiim.



    ‘Allaziina  haajaruu – (those who emigrated) it signifies toward those persons who left their native land, which was dearest and beloved thing for each living creature, for the cause of religion. They left the town of infidelity and went to the town of Belief. The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His Companions (Sahaabah) (may God be pleased with them) emigrated from Makkah to Madina.

    Jaa-haduu – (who strove) this word has come out from the word Ji-haad, which means strong endeavor and hard struggle. All types of tortures and difficulties are included in it and the greatest difficulty is warfare and slayer.

    Fii Sabiilillaahi – (in the Way of Allah) it has been proved applying the restriction with Emigration and Strive that the Muslims do not emigrate or strive for their any personal want or gain. They bear all kinds of calamities and difficulties only for getting pleasure of God Almighty.

    Yarjuuna – (they have hope) purpose of this word is to produce happy news to those Believers who had killed an Infidel unknowingly during the sacred month.

    Those Companions (may God be pleased with them) who had killed an Infidel unknowingly during the sacred month, had known that they had not committed any sin, but they were some thoughtful in this matter because they did not know about reward of this strife while they wished the future reward of this virtue. On this occasion this verse was revealed that “Those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the Way of Allah”, without any doubt “they are hopeful of Allah’s Mercy” and they are rightful of the reward and remuneration. God Almighty is Forgiving mistakes of His servants and He is Merciful upon them. He will never forfeit the rights of His worshiper slaves.

    It also appears from this verse that the Infidels and Idolaters will try their best to return the Muslims from their religion, they will torture them, they will expel them from their native land, they will fight with them, but the Muslims should not be discouraged, they should remain established on their Belief. If the Infidels expel the Muslims from their country, fight with them, then the Muslims should remain steady and fight in the encounter strongly.

    In short only those persons deserve the Mercy, Kindness and Forgiveness of Allah Almighty who Believed. If they faced the calamities, they left even their birth-place. If yet the enemies of the religion did not keep them remain in peace then they agreed to strive but did not became careless from the religion.


    Strong Drink And Games Of Chance

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    They question thee about strong drink and games of chance.

    Wa  yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil-khamri  wal-maysir.



    ‘An – (about) about the Divine Order, lawful and unlawful

    ‘Al-khamri – (strong drink) khamr means to cover any thing. The veil is named as khumaar because it covers the women’s head. The Wine has been called as Khamr too because it conceals the human sense and the senses of the mankind does not remain in order. Besides the grapes and dates every that thing is called khamr which provides intoxication.

    ‘Al-maysir – ((gambling) this word has also vast meanings and it covers all kinds of the games of chance whether those have any shape or name.

    Before Islam the strong drink and games of chance had common tradition in the Arab. Every person, little or elder, used to drink wine so more that it was like a medicine for children (Ghutti), and the gambling had uncountable sorts. As a result of these both things, the disorder in sexual relationship, financial difficulties, and plague of tyranny and exorbitance had been spread, but there was none to think about this condition. The people had sold their wisdom in exchange to these things.

    It has been stated about some Companions (may God be pleased with them) that they asked personally the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the order about strong drink and games of chance because these things ruin the sense and wealth. It was necessary to grow the disgust in the Companions (may God be pleased with them) about these impure and addled things due to the company and teachings of the Prophet of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). They had understood that the things like wine and gambling are impediment in the way of getting those goodness and virtues which are commanded in Islam, because the purpose of these orders is to be produced the purity, goodness and foresightedness in our hearts. Contrary to it the sense is lost due to the strong drink and games of chance, the person becomes habitual to abuse others, tendency is produced toward the filth and the temperament inclines to fornication.

    The Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them) also commanded their followers that strong drink and games of chance were unlawful, but their followers could not refrain despite the prohibition. At last the Islam has narrated clearly their badness that today the drunkard and gambler are seen with hatred sight as much that perhaps none other evil-doer and sinner is seen in the Muslim community.

    It is the first verse in which strong drinking has been forbidden. From here the recitation about unlawful use of the wine and games of chance begins.


    Command About Liquor And Gambling

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men; but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness.

    Qul  fiihi-maaa  ‘ismun- kabiirunw-wa  manaafi-‘u  lin-naas:  wa  ‘ismu-humaaa  ‘akbaru  min-naf- ‘ihi-maa.



    Replying to the question of the Companions (Sahaaba) (may God be pleased with them), “What is the order about strong drink and games of chance” Allah Almighty commanded clearly that the both are sin. He also instructed that there are some utilities as well as the sins for the people, but their sins are greater than their utilities. So it is the demand of wisdom and intelligence that the both things are required to be left immediately.

    Ismun – (sin) sin is the deed which produces hindrance in the path of goodness. Use of this word has told that the liquor and gambling prevent the human beings from the goodness. Quarrels, shamelessness and sins increase in that nation and community where use of the liquor is common. When a person drinks strong, he loses his senses, entangles in evil-doing and fornication, becomes indolent from his duties, if the power does not remain to complete his state of intoxication, then he tries to get it through unlawful and unfair means. Then he commits also the crimes of theft, cheating, robbing, fraud, murder, plundering and destruction.

    The games of chance destroy the financial condition of the mankind. It inclines him towards the loot, theft, robbing, cheating and fearlessness. Its first effects are luxury; joviality and extravagance, which besiege a gambler. It has many forms, like bets on race –course, lotteries and gambling.

    It is possible that some diseases may be cured with the liquor. Many persons drink strong due to this pretence, but while some other medicine is available then how the liquor can be lawful. It is correct that the liquor is joyous, but how much long? And how much trouble is faced after the intoxication tenure? The liquor causes to forget the grief but for how much moments? And its result is ruin of the wealth, badness of the manners, physical diseases and infamy in the people and God Almighty.

    The same condition is of the games of chance. Accidental victory is possible but there is no guarantee of defeat and this freely won money has never remained with any person. We have never seen any gambler to be rich till today. If they earn without price, they spend it lavishly and unlawfully.


    Standard Of Financial Sacrifices

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219c    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous.

    Wa  yas- ‘aluunaka  maa-zaa  yunfiquun.  Qulil- ‘afw.



    ‘Al- ‘afw – (which is superfluous, surplus) more than is needed. It means, “Spend that which is remainder, residue and savings after your lawful and necessary requisites”.

    God Almighty has commanded the best principle to establish the human society on financially strong foundations in this verse. Many nations have tried to get this purpose but in vain, which can be gained only after acting upon this rule. That is to say; the system in which every body may earn for his daily food. The nation may get rid of reproach of the poorness and unemployment, may escape from starving. Due to poverty nobody may be compelled for suicide, prostitution, denial of conduct and humanity decay.

    To acquire this purpose Allah Almighty has given this rule that every person should earn legally and lawfully, meet his needs out of it and spend on the needy persons his superfluous after lawful necessities.

    The remedy of the entire badness exists in this order, which is being faced by the human society at this time, for example we see that value of the human labor has lessen now a day. Complete remuneration is not being paid in exchange the physical and mental endeavors. The capital has taken place of the human labor. So the society has been distributed in to two different groups. One group is the richest who is very few in numbers and the other is very poor which a lot in numbers is. On one side there is luxury, idleness and power of influence, while on the other side there is poorness, hard labor and helplessness. The rich persons are filling their pockets with the blood of the poor persons and the poor are being trampled under their feet. Uneasiness and despair has grown in the public due to this system.

    The western nations thought many solutions for it but could not found. The one and the best solution of it is that, which has been proposed by the Holy Qur’an. That is to say; every rich person should keep with him only to fulfill his lawful necessities and the remaining should be distributed in to the deserving persons.

    It is revealed that neither the money will be collected in a few hands due to acting upon this command, nor poverty will increase. Moreover the person, who works hard, will never die of starving. This is the method of correction of the financial ruins and poverty which is held with none.


    Invitation Of Meditation

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219d & 220a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye reflect- Upon the world and the Hereafter.

    Kazaalika  yubayyi-nullaahu  lakumul- ‘aayaati  la- ‘allakum  tatafakkaruun.  Fiddunyaa  wal- ‘Aakhi-rah.  



    We have read in the previous lesson that Allah Almighty has taught us the straight and clear ways, which after assuming; we can make the form of the world better and strong. We can annihilate the anti-human things like poverty, adversity, starving, restlessness and despair. We can finish the poverty of the poor. If it can be done so, then the time of strikes, riot and rebellion, and quarrels cannot come. Everybody will be able to get employment according to his spirit and capability after working hard. Business and industry will be developing elegantly.

    The orders of God Almighty are in front of us. Delay is only from our side that we should start the work with complete consideration. There are many other benefits in addition to the worldly advantages, which are called “the advantages for the Hereafter”. To understand them depends upon consideration. However being in a clear form of these orders in the mankind needs special attention of the person and he should know its advantages with care. Till now the benefits of these commands have been revealed with the experience, and this thing is surely helpful for consideration.

    Which orders have been revealed by the God Almighty for our betterment and guidance, “Whether those are for the purpose that we should not draw our attention upon them? Should we behave them like unlawful negligence and carelessness? Should we mock at them? Not at all; the Orders of Allah Almighty are Guarantor of human welfare and wellbeing, bring prosperity and comfort in the world, become cause of reward and victory on the Day of Resurrection, the human beings will fell in the well of darkness due to remaining ignorant from them. And he will get Light due to adopting them.

    How the life should be passed in the world? How the provision should be arranged for Hereafter? This entire has been mentioned in these Orders. The person can enjoy the real human life only after understanding and acting upon them. God Almighty invites us again and again to meditate in His Speech (the Holy Qur’an), and claims that due to acting upon the commands of God Almighty your Doomsday will be fit as well as your this world will also be arranged.


    Improving The Orphans’ Lot

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 220b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And they question thee concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best.

    Wa  yas- ‘aluunaka  ‘anil-yataamaa.  Qul  ‘islaahul-lahum  Khayr. 



    ‘Al-yataamaa – (the orphans) it is plural of Yatiim which means the orphan, (the boy or girl whose father or mother or both have expired). After the death of child’s father the orphan-hood becomes more mercy-able for him/her.

    ‘Islaahun – (to improve the lot) each type of physical, financial and moral arrangement comes in it. Here it concerns particularly with the financial improvement of the orphans.

    This verse was revealed as reply to the question of those companions’ (Sahaaba) (may Allah be pleased with them), to whom the responsibility of orphans was given to bring them up. Some people did not use to care in the property of the orphans. Upon that occasion this verse was revealed, “Wa  laa  taqrabuu maa-lal  yatiimi  illaa  billatii  hiya  ‘ahsan” (Don’t go near the property of orphans except for their betterment). Due to this verse, those persons who were guardians of the orphans, frightened and separated totally their expenses. Now there was another problem due to separating the expenses, that, which thing was prepared for the orphans, if some of it remained in balance that was spoiled. In this care there was being some loss of the orphans. So they raised doubts about it in the court of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that “which system will be better for the expenses of the orphans”? Should their expenses be kept totally separate or be included in our calculation/account?

    It has been replied in this verse that actual purpose is “to improve their lot” manage at your own as it may be possible, intention and will should be only to improve their lot and do better for the orphans, wishing the expenses are separated or included.

    Number of children like this is in sufficient quantity in the society who has been deprived from the kindness of their parents during child-hood. Strength of the orphans increases very much during the time of warfare. They do not have ability to get sound advantages properly out of their goods, wealth and property. It is very necessary to look after them; otherwise it is much possible that they will go astray or be damaged. The people who take their responsibility for looking after and training, they should use their wealth and property with great care and honesty.

    Now a days fostering the orphans and execution of the orphanage has become a regular pas-time business. Bosses of some institutes use the orphans as tool for their unlawful aims. They disgrace economically, socially and morally very much. Strict threat is for like these persons.

    The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has forced much for training and looking after the orphans and declared abundant reward and remuneration for it.


    Instructions Concerning Orphans

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 220c    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And if ye mingle your affairs with theirs, then (they are) your brothers. And Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who improveth. And had Allah willed He would have overburdened you. Surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    Wa  ‘in-  tukhaalituu-hum  fa- ‘ikhwaanukum.  Wal-laahu  ya’- lamul-mufsida  mi- nal- muslih.  Wa  law shaaa- ‘al-laahu  la- ‘a’ –natakum.  ‘Innal-laaha  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.



    We have recited the question of the Companions (Sahaabah) (may Allah be pleased with them) concerning orphans. In reply Allah Almighty commanded with complete detail that improving the lot of orphans is best in reward and remuneration. Their position is like your brothers. Then formality with them is of what sort? The purpose is to improve the lot and correction of the orphans’ wealth and property, so one should do as he seems better. If any person thinks that there is some more advantage in separating their accounts, then he should do so. But if he considers that the orphan will remain in gain due to mutual business, then nothing is wrong also with it. After all, they are your religious brothers.

    The orphans are considered as extremely despised and humiliated in the old cultures and besides this several present nations, but Islam has told by saying them ‘ikh-waanukum (your brothers) that there is no difference between you and them being a mankind. They should be dear to you as your own brothers are dear to you. They have the right to improve themselves. None should stand in their way. Moreover they should be helped to achieve their goals as one brother helps the other. So you should keep in view their correction and betterment in each condition, and for it you can adopt any method which you like. God Almighty knows the secrets of everybody’s heart and understands that who spoils and who improves.

    After it God Almighty also commanded that if Allah Almighty wished, a strict order might be given too, which you had to do, because He is Mighty, Wise. But He did not do so because He understands the advisability of each order. He doesn’t order which may be difficult and heavy.


    To Wed The Idolatresses

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 221a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Wed not idolatresses till they believe.

    Wa  laa  tankihul-mushri-kaati  hattaa  yu’-minn.



    ‘Al-mushri-kaati – (the idolatresses) this word has been derived from shirk which means ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, that is to say the woman who includes any other person or thing in the virtues of G0d Almighty. This word has been used in its vast and common meanings. Every infidel woman is included in this order. It is not necessary that she should be only idolatress. To wed any non-Muslim woman is unlawful according to the theologies of spiritual guides (Imam) Maalik and Shaaf-‘aii, but it is unlawful to wed each non-Muslim woman near to the scholars of Hanfii theology in accord with common rule, but it is lawful to marry any woman from Jews or Christians (because they belong to the heavenly religions). Its permission exists formally in the Divine law of the religion.

    God Almighty has forbidden the Muslims to marry the idolatresses in this verse. Further explanation of this order is as under:-

    1.  To wed any disciple of a worshipper of fire (woman of the sect of Magi), Sikh and Hindu women is not right.
    1.   It is lawful to marry any woman from Jews or Christians (because they belong to the heavenly religions) but not better. Hadrat Umar (may Allah be pleased upon him) has disliked it. Instigation and stress exists also in the Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to marry any religious woman only.
    1.  The woman who seems as she belongs to the heavenly religion from her style, but if it is known through investigation afterwards that her Faith is not of the people who belong to the heavenly religions, then it is not just to wed her too.

    In short it is not lawful to marry any that woman who is not Believer. Islam has not banned in the chain of marriage with any race, colour or caste etc, but restricted for the Believer and correct Faith only. The basic reason of it is that the relationship of husband and wife is perfect love and friendship. Deep relation is necessary between both of them. It is compulsory for the accomplishment of husband and wife successfully for life that the wife should not be denier of the universal laws of her husband namely Oneness of God and Belief in the last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). If this relation doesn’t exist between them then it is quite impossible to pass their lives successfully in each aspect, and the bigger badness than it affects the education, religion and future of their children. Their father pulls them toward himself and the mother toward herself. The result is clear.

    The husband will decide the matters of his domestic life in the light of this faith. The wife will think according to her own faith. The quarrel and vigorous contradiction will remain always between them. It will affect badly their children and their future will ruin. So it is ordered that ‘Wed not idolatresses till they believe” to escape yourselves from the results of too much destruction. This restriction also exists in the Jews and the Christians religiously. However it is another thing if they don’t act upon it.


    Status Of A Muslim Bondwoman

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 221b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And lo! A believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she please you;

    Wa  la-‘amatum-mu’-minatun  khayrum-mim-mushrikatinw-wa  law  ‘a’-jabat-kum.



    In the first part of this verse it has been told that marriage with any idolatress woman is unlawful. Now Allah Almighty commands that if any idolatress woman has all the beauties and qualities, apparently she has each type of attraction, but while she has not the light of belief then she would not have any allurement for the Muslim. Comparatively if any Muslim woman doesn’t have blessings like freedom, she is better to be wed a Muslim man.

    There may be some reasons to like any idolatress or non-Muslim woman, for instance she may be rich, she may have a lot of wealth and property, she may be beautiful and elegant, she may be well educated, she may belong to a higher family/dynasty, she may be unraveled, she may be excellent and worthy, she may have all qualities which should be in a complete woman, but all these characteristics of an idolatress woman are valueless in front of a Believer woman still the basic principles of the life of this idolatress woman are wrong.

    Converse to her, many reasons may be found to dislike a believing bondwoman. For example she may be ugly, poor or illiterate and maidservant/female slave. But despite all these things she is superior to the idolatress near Allah Almighty due to her belief. So it has been commanded to prefer this type of woman for wedding.

    The life of husband becomes difficult automatically if he weds any idolatress woman. Difference of opinion and dispute in each matter, contention in domestic affairs, difference of opinion in the matter of children’s education and civilization, this type of strife affects badly not only upon the husband but there is risk to affect also upon the children. The children don’t find the straight path in front of them. The father teaches them according to his religion whereas the mother advises them some other thing.

    However if any Muslim bondwoman is wedded then these types of difficulties and entanglements will not be faced. Because the children will remain anyhow Muslims, and being a Muslim is better than infidelity and ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, wishing they are children of a bondwoman. Now a day still the reproach of slavery has been finished from the world due to remedies of Islam. There is no slave male or female now. So this verse strengthens only the restriction which has come in the first part of the verse about marriage with any idolatress and infidel woman.

    When this verse revealed, at that time the slaves and bondwomen were present. At the same time it was admonished that there were some social harms also to wed any Muslim bondwoman. But those are less than the badness and intricacies which grow due to wedding a non-Muslim life partner (woman). Today also we can understand from it that Islamic thought is the best to produce married relationships and connections. It should be kept in mind about the matter of bondwomen that their children will be slaves till the time they are not the children of the master of bondwoman. The children of free woman will remain independent, desiring their father is from any kind, and it is final that now a day bondwomen and slaves are not held.


    Marriage With Idolaters 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 221c    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe. And lo! A believing slave is better than an idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and Allah inviteth unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness by His Grace, and expoundeth thus His Revelations to mankind that haply they may remember.

    Wa  laa  tunkihul-mushrikiina  hattaa  yu’-minuu.  Wa  la-‘abdum-mu’-minun- khayrum-mim-mushrikinw-wa  law  ‘a’-jabakum.  Ulaaa-‘ika yad-‘uuna  ‘ilan-Naar.  Wallaahu  yad-‘uuu  ‘ilal-Jannati  wal-mag-firati  bi-‘iznih.  Wa  yu-bayyinu  ‘aayaatihii  lin-naasi  la-‘allahum  yatazakkaruun.



    laa  tunkihu – don’t marry (your daughters with idolaters), here Muslim men are being addressed that “don’t give your daughters in marriage to idolaters”. This order is not being delivered direct to the women that ‘do not wed idolaters’. Reason is clear that marriage of the girl/woman is arranged always through her father or patron/guardian.

    ‘ilan-Naar – towards the Fire, that is to say they call towards the faiths and acts, end of which is Hell.

    ‘ilal-Jannati  wal-mag-firati – unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness, namely God Almighty induces towards Belief and Islam, and Admonishes to adopt the way of life which leads to the Paradise and forgiveness.

    bi-‘iznih – by His Grace, ‘izn means power, intention and sanction.

    It was commanded to the Muslims in the first part of the verse, “Wed not idolatresses till they believe” though you like them very much. Now it is being ordered in this part, “Give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe”. Scholars have explained that if the husband has rejected Islam then his wife will not remain any more his life partner. Their marriage which was till now lawful will unlock automatically immediately. And this woman can wed any Muslim after completion her Iddat. It has also been explained that if the husband and wife (both) were already Infidel and now the wife has become Believer then there is no form of remaining wedlock except that the husband also embraces Islam.

    Now it has been cleared again that though the idolater please you much, in each condition a Muslim slave is better than a non Muslim, because which results of marriage  with idolater declare, those are very frightful. The idolaters will preach much worse and that will become cause of throwing you in to the Fire of Hell.


    Fact About Menstruation  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 222a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    They question thee (O Muhammad)   concerning menstruation. Say: It is an illness, so let women alone  at such times

    Wa  yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil-  mahiiz.  Qul  huwa  ‘azaa,  fa’-tazilun-nisaaa-‘a  fil-mahiiz.



    Mahiiz – (menstruation), mahiiz is that blood which comes to the women each month. It is also called monthly course and menses. It is an illness. Other nations of the world have determined it too as foul blood as well as medical specialists claim that it is detective blood. According to color, smell and particles this blood is also different from the normal blood. It has extremely fury.

    fa’-tazilu- (so let women alone) this word has been derived from ‘A’-tazaal which means here “remain away from that woman for the process of intercourse with her”.

    Reason for revelation of this verse is that during the times of Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the worshippers of fire and the Jews used to think impure to eat and drink foods made by the women during the period of menses at one side. Some people didn’t think legal to keep women in their houses during this period. Hindus still don’t eat things made by them during menstruation. On the other side Christians didn’t use to avoid intercourse during these days.

    Companions (God Almighty may be agreed upon them) asked Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) about this matter. Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) called it worse inflation and deflation and said neither too much hatred is needed not to let the woman remain in their houses and think as impure meal made by their hands, nor should be so much negligence that not to avoid from intercourse but straight way is that avoid from the process of intercourse in this condition and in addition eating, drinking and living together is lawful.

    Holy Qur’an is a perfect Code for life. It gives advises and orders in all the departments of life which belong to human being and naturally in it mankind not only eats, drinks and sleeps with one another (husband and wife) but their sexual appetite, desire of having children and desire to make special connections are also produced. So Holy Qur’an gives proper orders for them.

    Other nations selected exaggerated way. Holy Qur’an told that during this period just sexual contact is prohibited. Other things like sitting and standing, eating and drinking do not have any connection with it. These all acts are lawful.

    Azaa – (illness) Holy Qur’an called the menstruation as impureness. Its other meanings are pain and trouble. It is possible that because of that pain and trouble, the intercourse is forbidden in these days. Today medically it is proved that in these days connection can be reason of different diseases. Doctors also prevent from it.


    After The Days Of Menstruation  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 222b    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    And go not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.

    Wa  laa taqrabuu-hunna  hatta  yat-hurn.  Fa-‘izaa  ta-tahharna  fa’-tuu-hunna  min  hay-su  ‘amara-kumul-laah.  ‘Innal-laaha  yuhibbut-Tawwaa-biina  wa  yuhibbul-Muta-tahhiriin.



    ‘At-Tawwaa-biina – (who turn unto Him), it aims all those people who whenever are wrong by chance, afterward they renounce solemnly and become much ashamed.

    ‘Al-Muta-tahhiriin – (who have a care for cleanness), it signifies particularly towards those persons who remain away from their wives (ignore the act of intercourse) during their days of menstruation (until they are cleansed).

    In the former lesson the Holy Qur’an had determined the menstruation as illness and nastiness. It has been told in this verse that whenever this foul blood stops and the woman cleanses then it is lawful to sleep together (intercourse process is permitted). This lawful act should be done natural and with the lawful method. It should not be done with un-natural method.

    We have learnt in the previous lessons that Allah Almighty has kept sexual attraction between the male and female, and with the sensual process although both persons get enjoyment but this enjoyment is not the last aim. Real aim and result of the relationship between husband and wife is attainment of children. Forgetting it if any person wants to get enjoyment from any other method then it will be quite unlawful.

    It has been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that the nation of Prophet Lot (peace be upon him) had fallen in sodomy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) made them to understand but they didn’t agree entirely, and at last God Almighty ruined them with His anguish and made them example for forthcoming breeds/people. So it should be kept in mind that if the human beings will indulge in that sin again then His agony may come again upon them.

    In the last Holy Qur’an says that Allah Almighty likes those persons who turn unto Him, who renounce solemnly, become ashamed due to their wrong and abstain from committing any error/sin in future. So if any person has committed this sin in the past, then he should do the repentance at once, God Almighty will forgive him. Allah Almighty likes those people who remain cleansed.


    Status Of The Wife  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 223a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will,

    Nisaaa-‘ukum  harsul-lakum;  fa’-tuu  harsakum  ‘an-naa  shi’-tum;



    Hars – (agricultural land, farm), that piece of land is called hars where seed is sown and vegetable, grain and vegetation are gotten as though the wife is the source of producing children and increasing your breed/race.

    Allah Almighty has cleared in this verse about true position of the wife in connection with wedding relationship. That is to say, the wife is like a farm for her husband, and as the farmer he keeps his farm very precious supposing it as his very big wealth, watches and guards it, earns grain from it, likewise the husband should also consider his wife as his very great fortune. He should watch and guard her, and get children from her.

    As though it is proved that near Islam the real purpose of intercourse is only attainment of the children. Even its other aspects like demand of sensual pleasure have not been ignored too. It has also been evident that control over this production (birth control) is not a natural issue, because which stupid farmer would be that who sows the seeds but doesn’t want the crop, uproots the plant before its growth. Then this matter also enlightens that as the farmer prays for pity rain from God Almighty, discloses his wish to bud and blossom the crop, like this the husband should also pray for getting virtuous children from God Almighty.

    Allah Almighty Has admonished very much quoting the example of tilth (farm). Would that the human beings may think upon this instance and make happy these relations lastly with reliance of their lives.

    ‘An-naa  shi’-tum – (as you wish), ‘an-naa means ‘where’, it is also used for the meanings of ‘when, just as’. How the Holy Qur-‘an has advised about this matter pointing it with wisdom that there is no restriction on the method and time. But it has been forbidden to destroy one’s strength and race adopting the un-natural method. More detail will be discussed in the next lesson (last part of this verse).


    Care For The Next Life (Doomsday)  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 223b    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    And send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah. And know that ye will (one day) meet Him. And give glad tidings to believers, (O  Muhammad).

    Wa  qaddimuu  li-‘anfusikum.  Wattaqul-laaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annakum-mulaa-quuh.  Wa  bashshiril-Mu’-miniin.  



    It has been clarified earlier that our life doesn’t finish after death, but enters in to a new era, and its comfort or vexation depends there upon those deeds which we do in this world. Good or bad reflection of this life’s deeds and acts lies down in the shape of that life’s success or failure. This world is the place of test and examination. We have to make provision for future enduring hardness and troubles here. That Day of Resurrection is the place to get reward or punishment for the deeds done by us during this life.

    The relations between male and female had been mentioned in the previous lesson, and it was told that the real purpose of husband and wife’s sensual meeting is gain of children and breed. Now it has been reminded in this part of the verse positively that “Do something regularly for your future and don’t drown in the worship of sexual pleasure entirely at that very time of sensual pleasure’s engagement. Moreover make your pleasures also the obedience and worship, and it can be made if you consider making the result better at the time of doing each work”.

    It has been emphasized again and again to have fear of God Almighty that the human should keep in mind Allah Almighty during every condition of life, like during sitting, standing, sleeping, awaking, eating and drinking etc. He should proceed on straight path escaping from abundance and Deflation. In the end God Almighty commands His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to give glad tidings of good rewards to the Believers, who have following qualities:

    1.   Keeping the words Qaddimuu  li-‘anfusikum (send (good        deeds) before you for your souls) in mind a Believer has the concept of his future. He doesn’t make the pleasure and lust his ‘required’. But he keeps in foresight better results and end.

    1.  It is the aim to tell the order of ‘Ittaqul-laaha repeatedly that the Muslim has to become an incomparable mankind remaining under the limits of God fearing and abstinence. The world will envy looking him.


    1.    Mulaa-quuh – (you will ‘one day’ meet Him) It is being reminded at the very time of mentioning the sexual matters that finally you will have to be present in the Court of God Almighty. Cautious! Don’t do so act due to which you would have to feel ashamed.


    Use Of Wrong Oaths  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 224    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.

    Wa  laa  taj-‘alullaaha  ‘urzatal-li-‘ay-maanikum  ‘an-tabarruu  wa  tattaquu  wa  tus-lihuu  bay-nan-naas.  Wallaahu  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim. 



    ‘Urzatan – (aim), this word is also used for hindrance and shield/target. Here it means hindrance only.  


    Samii-‘un – (Hearer), God Almighty Hears all the talks of human being as well as each creature. So the mankind should think before speak every matter.    


    ‘Aliimun – (Knower), Allah Almighty Knows better the states and conditions of the human. So he should keep purity and sincerity in his intention each time.

    Tabarruu – (treat with kind), this word has been derived from the word Barr, which means goodness.

    Whenever the persons used to displease upon any other, they used to make God Almighty, by their oaths that they would neither go toward him nor speak with him and nor try to make a truce between them with whom he has quarreled, even that if the displeasures had been between the near relatives, and then these oaths used to become pretence for leaving many good deeds. At the very time if any body used to say, “Why did you leave to do these acts?” then they used to feign that they had made the oath for this action.

    Even it was also worse to leave the good actions, what it had become bad that using the name of Allah Almighty, the Great they used to grow the situation of escaping from the good deeds. This verse is signifying towards this matter and it is being ordered that “don’t do so in future and if any body has sworn already then it is sufficient to break that oath and expiate. The scholars have also disliked often swearing in abundance and without any necessity, because due to this reason the name of Allah Almighty is devalued, and it is also not good to call the name of God Almighty for the bad deeds.

    Allah Almighty is Great, Glorious and Owner of the entire universe. His Name has also Grandeur and Grace. It is very bad to make witness so much High and Excelled Name upon the bad deeds. Then it is worst to use His name for defense for not doing the good acts. Allah Almighty doesn’t prevent from good actions, so this excuse is quite meaningless. The name of God Almighty should never be used for oath for the likewise deeds, and if any person has already sworn erroneously then he should break it and expiate.


    False Oaths  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 225    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for that which your hearts have garnered. And Allah is Forgiving, Clement.

    Laa  yu-‘aakhizu-kumul-laahu  bil-lagwi  fiii  ‘ay-maani-kum  wa  laakiny-yu-‘aakhizu-kum- bimaa  kasabat  quluubu-kum.  Wallaahu  Gafuurun  Haliim. 



    Bil-lagwi  fiii  ‘ay-maani-kum – (your unintentional oaths), false oaths means the oaths which are spoken either unintentional due to ignorance or those slip from the tongue only due to malice, and adulteration of a lie enters into them without intention. Learned men have told that there are many kinds of false oaths. Their relation may be also with past events as well as with the habit that the person uses to swear without reason, swear in each affair. The scholars have strongly disapproved this act.

    Gafuurun – (Forgiving), Allah Almighty is Great Forgiving. Due to His this Dignity He forgave the punishment against the false oaths like these.

    Haliim – (Clement), it also means Mild, Patient and Merciful. God Almighty is Great Clement. Taking His Position into account He doesn’t punish for false oaths too. Moreover He postpones the punishment so that the mankind may get the chance of repentance. .

    It was stated in the previous verse, “And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind”. These kinds of oaths haven’t any value. For example if someone says, “By God I shall never go to the mosque for prayer”. It is a false oath because Allah Almighty orders to offer prayers in the mosque. And this fellow is using His name refraining from this act.

    Now it is being commanded in this verse, “that oath is reliable which is sworn whole heartedly”, not that which is sworn habitual or false and emphasizing it.

    Unintentional oaths are pardonable. The aim is that he should expiate against the broken oaths and should abstain from the false oaths like these in future. Islam doesn’t like this type of childishness and lowness.


    Beginning Of Divorce  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 226 & 227    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

    227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.

    226.  Lillaziina  yu’-luuna  min-nisaaa-‘ihim  tarabbusu  ‘arba-‘ati  ‘ash-hur.  Fa-‘in-faaa-‘uu  fa-‘innallaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.


    227.  Wa  ‘in  azamut-talaaqa  fa-‘innallaaha Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.




    Yu’-luuna – (who forswear), this word is derived from ‘iilaa which means forswear. Idiomatically its object is to swear living separate from the wife. It was common custom in the Arabians that whenever they became rage, they forswore remaining separate from their wives.

    Talaaq – (divorce), according to law disconnecting the mutual relations entirely between husband and wife is called ‘divorce’, repudiation. Different methods about divorce were customary in the world before Islam. There was no restriction or responsibility in the matter of divorce between Jews. Whenever any person wished, he got rid of his wife writing a divorce letter only. The wife could wed another husband at the same time. Comparing this freedom the Christians chose very difficult manner. They kept no accommodation for husband and wife to be separate, except that the wife becomes guilty of fornication. The same condition is of the Indian religion. The divorce is still unlawful for them till today. On the contrary Islam adopted the way of temperance.

    It was mode of Arabians that after forswear, which was a kind of divorce near to them, used to become free from paying the expenditures of his wife, performing other duties and responsibilities for her. Islam corrected this rule and told that forswear is not equal to breaking marriage, but it is only the beginning. Islam has determined length of time for meditation and consideration and period for this long time kept four months, which is quite sufficient for this purpose that the husband may think with cool heart on all aspects and this important matter of separation from his wife.

    Islam has put its permission that if the husband feels faithfully that if his life partner either doesn’t cooperate with him or doesn’t fulfill his lawful desires, then he should divorce her, despite it that they pine away their entire lives, remain displeased from one another. It is better that they should be disconnected.                  



    Term (‘Iddat)  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 228a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart,   three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.

    Wal-mutallaqaatu  yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  salaasata  quruuu’.  Wa  laa ya—hillu  lahunna  ‘any-yaktumna  maa khalaqallaahu  fiii  ‘ar-haa-mihinna  ‘in-kunna    yu’-minna  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.



    ‘Al-mutallaqaatu – (the divorced women), each that woman who has been divorced, is called mutallaqah. According to the religious laws it aims only those wives, who are free, adult and act of intercourse has been performed with them, not those women who are lawful bondwomen, minor and who have not been touched with any adult male.

    Yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna – (they shall wait, keeping themselves apart), for instance it should not be so that hither the husband divorced her wife and thither she wedded any other husband. Likewise this relation will become just a game.

    Salaasata  quruuu-‘in – (three (monthly) courses), literal meaning of qur’ is only a specified period but here it means menstruations.

    Maa khalaqAllaahu – (which Allah has created), the thing which is in the womb, that is to say; if she is pregnant then she should not conceal her pregnancy.

    It has been mentioned in this verse that if the husband has divorced her wife then that woman should not marry immediately another husband. Moreover she would have to wait not less than three (monthly) courses. There are many advisabilities for example; the husband gets chance of consideration and meditation with cool heart. On the other side belief regarding pregnancy becomes matured. Like this the children of one person can’t get the other. So it is duty of the woman that she should disclose which is in her belly.

    This term is called ‘iddat in the Divine law of Religion. As though two lessons have been commanded here:

    1.   It is reasonable to wait for a specified period after divorce.

    2.   If she is pregnant then she should not conceal but disclose it. There are uncountable moral and social advantages in these both orders.

    The matters which are being discussed continuously regarding divorce in this part of Holy Qur-’an, demand our special attention, because in the present epoch the divorce has become a joke in the world. A few women would be in the West who don’t get divorce, and they are tyrannized in the East but are not divorced. There is a dire need to publicize this temperate teaching of Islam now a day.


    Return & Position Of Husband And Wife  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 228b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    Wa  bu- uulatuhunna  ‘ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna  fii  zaalika  ‘in  ‘araaduuu  ‘islaahaa.  Wa la-hunna  mislullazii  ‘alayhinna  bil-ma’-ruuf,  wa  lir-rijaali  ‘alayhinna  darajah.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.



    Zaalika – (in that case, in it), that is to say in the term/period of three months.

    ‘Ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna – (they have more rights to take them back). This proves from it that the husband should not take quite last decision till the time he can delay and it is better if they both (husband and wife) establish themselves again from the beginning, and the time of their separation doesn’t come forever.

    The Divine law of Islam has kept it lawful only as remedy at the time of necessity and last proposal. It has neither been induced positively to divorce, nor is it liked without need. The words “ ‘Abgazul-mubahaat” have been used in one Hadith out of the Sayings of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) which means ‘most disliked deed near God Almighty out of fixed lawful acts by Him’ i.e. the divorce. So after meditation and consideration the husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire reconciliation. They can cancel the divorce. Technically it is called looking back (towards marriage).

    After permitting return (to wife) Allah Almighty has also admonished that the divorce should only be abolished if both the life partners remain in peace and truce with one another in future, and it should not be the purpose to torture the woman. Although the husband can cancel the divorce legally, but his good behavior doesn’t relate to the law, moreover it depends only on his courtesy and good intention. So the human should adopt passage of good outward and natural behavior.

    Then it is told that as the men have rights over the women, like this the women also have rights over men. It has been intimated to the world, “you should not deem that only the men have rights over the women, as well as they also have rights over men. However the man has some degree above the woman in excellence and merit. This excellence and virtue of the man is due to his wisdom and power. These all orders are from God Almighty which we have to admit because He is most Mighty and Wise.


    Revocable Divorce – Revocable, Cancellation Of   

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 229a    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from them aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah.

    ‘At-talaaqu  marrataan:  fa- ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  ‘aw tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan.  Wa laa  yahillu  lakum  ‘an-    ta’-khuzuu  mimmaaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an  ‘illaaa  ‘any-yakhaafaaa  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa Huduudallaah. 



    Fa- ‘imsaakum – (then (a woman) must be retained), namely to retain that wife who has already been divorced once.

    Bima’-ruufin – (in honour, according to the Divine Rule of religion), its detail can be gotten from the religious law books.

    Bi- ‘ihsaan – (in kindness) removing tense and unpleasant condition which had become object of divorce. Dishearten, scorn or lowering the woman down should not be the purpose.

    Maaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an – (taking from the women aught of that which you have given them), common Commentators have explained it as the amount of kindness (Maher) but some Scholars have extended it as entire that wealth and goods which the husband has given to her wife i.e. ornaments and clothes etc.

    It was custom before Islam that the husband used to divorce her wife many times as he wished, but then he used to revoke from it. This verse revealed to remove this evil and told that revocation can be only after divorcing two times. He has been empowered up to two divorces that if the husband wishes during the time of term (‘iddat), then either he can retain her according to rule or leave her with kindness. But after the expiry of term (‘iddat) revocation doesn’t remain more. However if they both agree, they can re-marry. And if he has divorced at the third time, then there is no chance of re-marry too, till the time that woman doesn’t live in any other husband’s home and that husband either doesn’t die or divorce her.

    Sometimes the husband divorces in anger, and then he also oppresses to snatch that entire wealth or goods which he has given to her wife till now. In the days of ignorance this rule had been spread more in the Arabians. Here this cruel principal has been prohibited and declared that amount of the kindness (Maher) etc which you have already paid, can not get back now.

    Mean of ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  and tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan is that if the husband revokes then he should remain and live with honour and kindness, and if he wants to bid her good-bye then also he should see her off with comfort and nicely. It means that stress of kindness and good behavior is in all conditions.


    Khula’ – Kind Of Divorce By Wife  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 229b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    And if ye fear that ye may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin on either if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah, transgress them not. And whoso transgresseth Allah’s limits, such are wrongdoers.

    Fa-‘in  khiftum  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa  Huduudallaahi,  falaa  junaaha  ’alayhimaa  fiimaf-tadat  bih.  Tilka  Huduudullaahi  falaa ta’-taduuhaa.  Wa  many-yata-‘adda  Huduudallaahi  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humuz-zaalimuun.  



    Reason of revelation of this verse is that a woman came in the court of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and requested that he was displeased from her husband. She did not want to live in her husband’s house. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) asked about its reason. She answered, “My husband does neither neglect in performing my rights and nor I have any objection on his manners and customs. But I naturally hate him. I don’t want to see his figure. If I would not have the fear of Islam, then I wish to spit on his face”. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) caused to return the kindness (Maher) and divorce her.

    It has been commanded by Allah Almighty in this verse to the Muslims that if they have fear that the husband and wife are displeased from one another, and they may not live together, then there is no sin for them if they become separate. The woman can set free herself from marriage paying her wealth to her husband and the husband can get back that wealth. The name of this particular form of divorce (desirous of which is the woman) is called Khula’ (kind of divorce which is a right of the woman to let free from marriage). Instructions about Khula’ are available in the books of ‘the religious laws’ in detail.

    It is evident from this verse that Islam commands us in each matter for correction and betterment of our families, domestic affairs and social relations. If a man is displeased from his wife and considers it difficult to remain together with his wife then he can get freedom from her. Like this if the wife thinks that it is impossible to live in her husband’s home then she also can get freedom from her husband. Purpose of this is only correction of affairs in each form, making the marriage relations better as it may be possible somehow or other. In the last it has been warned that these are the limits and conditions (imposed by) Allah, so transgress them not because transgressing these limits is very big sin. Islam desires that the world’s society should be established on goodness and God fearing. Nobody should tyrannize or oppress any other person. These limits are called Huduudullaah.





    Form Of Reconciliation – From Divorce  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah; He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.

    Fa-‘in-  tallaqahaa  falaa  tahillu  lahuu  mim- ba’-du  hattaa  tankiha  zawjan  gayrah.  Fa-‘in  tallaqahaa  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-himaaa ‘any-yataraaja-‘aaa  ‘in  zannaaa  ‘any-yuqiimaa  Huduu-dallaah.  Wa  tilka  Huduudul-laahi  yubayyi-nuhaa  liqawminy-ya’-lamuun.      



    mim- ba’-du – (thereafter), it means after the third divorce.

    Tankiha – (she has wedded), this word has been derived from Nikaah which means marriage. It has been commanded in this verse that after the third divorce the divorced woman will not remain lawful for her first husband till the time she doesn’t wed any other person and get divorce from her second husband. Here the word “tankiha” has not been used for the idiomatically meaning as wedding, but it has been used here for its original and literal meaning as ‘intercourse’, because only understood meaning of the marriage has already come out from zawjan,  so the aim from the word tankiha is to declare intercourse and that is its literal meaning.

    ‘in  zannaaa – (if they consider), that is to say; if they have intention and reliance that thereafter they might be live together with correction and beauty.

    It has been stated in this verse that if the husband doesn’t reconcile after first two divorces then now at the third time namely after the two divorces three months are sufficient for set them make a truce, meditation and consideration. After the third divorce the husband can not revoke the divorce of that woman who was his wife earlier. Moreover it is not possible that they wed again except in case that the woman wed any other person after passing the term (‘iddat) period (three months) and after intercourse, that second husband either divorces her with his pleasure or goes to death, and three months/four months & ten days respectively of the term (‘iddat) period expires.

    It has already been mentioned that Islamic Divine Law doesn’t like the divorce certainly, so restrictions of various sorts have been applied in this matter, and it has been instructed, “Meditate and understand thoroughly before divorce”. Islam provided many opportunities so that they may concord again, but after expiry of all these stages, while the divorce has been finalized, then now there is no chance of concession. Now the husband can’t get back again his wife easily.


    Re-marry After Divorce, Halaalah

    Marriage With Divorced Wife

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)



    Islam is a natural religion and complete Rule under practice for the entire life of human being. It shows the way of acquiring betterment and welfare for the life in this world and Hereinafter. Islam contains completely upon the entire sections of human life. There is none problem of the life solution of which it doesn’t explain and there is no direction, commands about which it doesn’t issue.

    Collective life of the mankind begins from family. If the family life is successful and the relationship between husband and wife are in well condition then it is evident that every person will find oneself in a very good atmosphere. He may be able to do his work with good manner. The children will find superior models for themselves and they will follow their elders on the straight path at the time of their maturity. So Islam makes better the family life of a Muslim. The husband and wife have central position in the dynasty. If there are good relations and mutual cooperation between them, then each child of that family will go ahead upon the way of improvement step by step easily. But if the relationship between husband and wife is in worse condition and they are disunited due to their thoughts and deeds, then it is much difficult for them to move forward collectively, and their misunderstanding will prove fatal also for their children.

    Islam is also apprised this side of human nature and determines lawful to the divorce in case of pressure. If any person wishes to divorce, then he should do so after deep meditation. If the woman feels lamentation due to her husband’s behavior, then she may also be gotten released. But the Divine Law of Religion has imposed some orders and restrictions to realize the importance of married relationships of man and woman, for instance if the husband has devised firm resolve of divorce and doesn’t reconcile during the period of ‘iddat (term) after the second divorce, moreover he divorces her wife third time, then he can’t re-marry with her after it. If he wants to re-wed then its condition is very harsh. That is to say; any other person would have to wed the divorced woman, do the act of intercourse with her and then either divorce her with his will or he dies, and then thereafter she has to complete her ‘iddat period. This remarriage is called literally Halaalah. But after this Halaalah the re-marriage can only be done in this form while both of them establish according to the orders of Allah Almighty, because they both have to think about paying the rights of one another, and have to believe in it. Otherwise situation of the destruction of one another’s rights and their mutual quarrels will come again. And they both will fall in sin.

    Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has cursed those men in one Hadith out of his Sayings, who make it (divorce) their profession, because a man weds a divorced woman for the purpose that he will divorce her again, so that her first husband may re-marry this above-mentioned woman.

    Sorrow that we, the Muslims didn’t recognize the rights of these questions and made the religion droll. Which restrictions were imposed by the Divine Law of Religion on divorce, didn’t care for them. As and when we wanted, we divorced without thinking. Whenever the anger subsided, we gained our wits, began to lament and we chose unlawful forms of Halaalah. All this badness grew due to carelessness from the religion, ignorance, foolishness and not respecting the problems.





    Behavior With The Wives  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 231a    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not with the object of hurting them in order that ye transgress (the limits). And he who doeth that hath wronged his soul.

    Wa ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  fa-‘amsikuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruu-fin  ‘aw  sarrihuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruuf.  Wa  laa  tumsikuuhunna  ziraaral-lita’-taduu.  Wa  many-yaf-‘al zaalika  faqad zalama nafsah.  



    ‘izaa  tallaqtum – (When you have divorced), here it signifies about that once or twice divorced which may be inclined, after which there is still chance of inclination.

    ‘ajalahunna – (their term), it aims that the period of their term is near to end, but has not yet ended. Otherwise meaning of ending of the term period will be that now there is no chance for inclination.

    This rule has been mentioned in this verse that as and when a husband divorces his wife once or twice and he has not yet divorced at the third time, then he can incline before third divorce if he wants, and if he doesn’t wish to incline then he should divorce third time. Or if he remains silent then after the completion of term it will be considered automatically that he doesn’t want to incline and he has finished his relation intentionally with his wife. But it is compulsory that which path will be adopted by the husband out of these two manners, that should be according to the Rule and suitable as per the Divine’s Law of Religion. That is to say; if he wishes to retain his wife then he should return with respect and nobility, and if he wants to disconnect his relation then he should send her wife back from his home with honour and politeness. In short both the forms should be suitable in accord with law and compliments. It should not be so that he inclines to vex and tease his wife, and likewise put her intentionally under his ban.

    Those people who violate the rights of women and take them again in marriage to trouble them, God Almighty stated about them that doing so they have wronged their souls; they damaged themselves at their own. It’s clear that doing so, their homes might not be remained populated. But these will ruin. They themselves also will remain never in peace and comfort. Their domestic lives will become the spring of distresses and troubles. They both will fail in fulfilling the responsibilities of their children. Therefore destruction and ruin will encamp at their homes. If this person divorces after some period too then any noble woman will never be ready to wed him. It is better for the husband that he should behave his wife with good manner, so that he may live also happily and his wife too.


    Clownish Behavior Upon Orders Of God

    Making Laughing-Stock The Orders Of Allah

    Humour On God’s Revelations    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 231b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour). And remember Allah’s Grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of Wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of all things.

    Wa  laa  tattakhizuuu  ‘Aayaatillaahi  hu-zuwaa,  wazkuruu  ni’-matallaahi  ‘alaykum  wa  maaa  ‘anzala    ‘alaykum-minal-Kitaabi  wal-Hikmati  ya-‘izukum-  bih.   Wat-taqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  bikulli  shay-‘in  ‘Aliim.  



    Allah Almighty has warned in this verse, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour)” like that we obeyed only those Orders, which we wished and left those Commands which we thought difficult to be acted upon by us. Moreover, “Abide by the entire Rules completely because your goodness is only in it”.

    First stone of the social life is family and the family life, and fundamental point of the family is good relationship between husband and wife. So it will be quite true and just to say that foundation of the entire nation’s social system depends on execution and correction of rights and duties between husband and wife. If the husband pays his wife’s all rights very gracefully and the wife performs also like this in her husband’s rights, then life of all the society will establish on very strong foundations. But if the relations between husband and wife have been disconnected and any dispute has been created between them, then it is sure that the entire society is in danger. So all the persons who like correction, should engage their attention to this side, they should try that the relations between husband and wife remain firm. Islam has pressed especially this side.

    It has been proved also from this verse through this command, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour)” , for example; at first divorced and then inclined, and said that either the word divorce was used as laughter and humor or it was spoken by chance in emotion.

    There is a lot of wisdom and advisability in these matters of the Divine Law. The human being should think about them and try to reach their depth. Allah Almighty has sent these orders for our guidance and admonition. It is very necessary for us to get advantage from them. God Almighty Knows our intentions. He is Familiar of our ecstasies. There is nothing hidden from Him. To keep the intention pure and settle the matters is very needful for us.


    Assent Of The Woman

    Woman’s Agreement

    Woman’s Wish To Re-Marry  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 232    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. And Allah knoweth; and ye know not.

    Wa  ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  ta’-zuluuhunna  ‘any-yan-kihna  ‘azwaajahunna  ‘izaa  taraazaw  baynahum-  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Zaalika  yuu-‘azu  bihii  man-kaana  minkum  yu’-minu  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.  Zaalikum  ‘azkaa  lakum  wa  ‘athar.  Wallaahu  ya’-lamu  wa  ‘antum  laa  ta’-lamuun.  



    fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna – (when they reach their term), translation of fabalagna is ‘when they reach’ that is to say; they complete. Meaning of ‘ajalahunna is ‘their term’, specific period, according to Divine Law of Religion which is called ‘iddat.

    ‘izaa  tallaqtum – (when you have divorced), here it has been addressed state forward to the husbands, but this speech is for the entire nation.

    ‘azwaajahunna – (their husbands), it means “their those husbands who are liked by the women”, either they wish to wed any new man or the previous husband who have divorced them once.  


    Taraazaw – (when) it is agreed (between them). It reveals from this word that ‘affirmation’ and ‘approval/reception’ both are pillars of marriage. It is a separate thing that if instead of husband and wife, their guardians or agents (father or any other patron from any side) do ‘affirmation’ and ‘approval/reception’, and they (husband and wife) admit it. Otherwise if they don’t agree then there is no marriage.

    Reason for revelation of this verse is that a woman was divorced by her husband once or twice and didn’t incline during the period of term. When the period of ‘iddat expired, then along with other persons he also sent message for marriage. The woman was agreeing but her brother was in a rage and he stopped her sister’s marriage with her first husband. So then it was revealed in the Holy Qur-’an that pleasure and welfare of the woman should be kept in front, the marriage should be done with her agreement. One’s thought and displeasure shouldn’t interfere. However if there is something wrong according to rules, for example; if she wants to wed any other person during her first husband’s term, then surely he has right to stop this marriage.


    Length Of Time For Suckling

    Suckling Duration

    Time-lag To Suckle The Child  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 233a    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that   is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No one should be compelled beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child.

    Wal-waalidaatu  yurzi’-na  ‘awlaada-hunna  haw-layni  kaa-milayni  liman  ‘araada  ‘any-yutimmar-razaa-‘ah.  Wa  ‘alal-mawluudi  lahuu  rizquhunna  wa  kiswatuhunna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Laa  tukallafu  nafsun  ‘illaa  wus-‘ahaa.  Laa  tuzaaarra  waalidatum-bi-waladihaa  wa  laa mawluudul-lahuu  bi-waladihii;   



    razaa-‘ah – (length of time for suckling), in the Divine Law of Islam natural length of time for suckling has been fixed two complete years. More duration or less has been left upon mutual willingness between husband and wife. Detail of these orders will be discussed in this and coming lessons.

    ‘al-waalidaatu – (women having child), it aims the mothers of the children. Either they are in marriage or have been divorced.

    It has been narrated in this verse that the mother should suckle the child for two years and this length of time is for those mothers and fathers who wish to complete the duration of suckling. Otherwise it is lawful also to lessen this period, as it will come at the end of the verse. Those mothers come in this instruction too, whose marriage still stands and those who either have been divorced or their term has passed. Difference will be only that the feeding and clothing of the wife is compulsory upon the husband in each condition.

    It has been known from this verse that length of time for the mother who will suckle the child or the father who has to pay the charges of suckling to the mother of his child is complete two years. Then it has also been disclosed that the father will have to provide feeding and clothing to the mother of the child in each condition. In the first form she is in his marriage and in the second he has to pay remuneration of suckling the child, and the parents of the child should not anyhow vex each other, for example; either the mother should not refuse to suckle the child without any reason or the father should not get suckled his child separating him from his mother without reason or he should not narrow in paying her feeding and clothing.


    Suckling – Other Rules

    Altered Orders About Suckling

    Some Other Orders Of Suckling    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 233b    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provided that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.

    Wa  ‘alal-waarisi  mislu  zaalik.  Fa-‘in  ‘araadaa  fisaalan  ‘an  taraazim-min-humaa  wa  tashaa-wurin-  falaa  junaaha ‘alayhi-maa.  Wa  ‘in  ‘arattum  ‘an- tas-tar-zi-‘uuu  ‘awlaadakum  falaa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘izaa  sallamtum-maaa  ‘aataytum-  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wattaqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Basiir.  



    ‘al-waarisi – (heir), heir means that intimate relative who is lawful heir after the father.

    mislu  zaalik – (incumbent) the like of that, it means that as incumbent (protection of rights) regarding the child’s mother is on the father, like this the incumbent is also on the nearest relative after the father.

    It is father’s responsibility to bear the expenses for bringing up his child and when he dies, then it is the order that if the child is owner of wealth/property, then his expenditures will be taken from that wealth, and if he doesn’t have any wealth/property, then those persons who are out of his intimate rich relatives, and besides being intimate relatives they are also lawful heirs, then it is their duty to bear the child’s expenditures. Reason for assuming the charges of an innocent suckling child on others, is that the child has not virtue to bring him up himself. Another thing also appears from it that expenses for the lives of poor women, cripple men and minors are incumbent on their relatives.

    After that it has also been instructed that if the parents want to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, then it is no sin for them. The mother has more right to bring the child up due to her kindness feelings. So the matters relating to the child have not been left on the opinion of only father. Then it has been cleared too that in some circumstances when it has become necessary to get suckled the child from any other woman, then it is no sin also, provided that she has been paid remuneration.




    Term Of The Widow

    ‘Iddat (Term)

    Widow’s Term (‘Iddat)    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 234    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    And such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months and ten days. Then when they reach the term (prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with themselves in decency. And Allah is Aware of what ye do.

    Wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaajany-yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  ‘arba-‘ata  ‘ash-hurinw-wa  ‘ashraa.  Fa-‘izaa  balagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-kum  fiimaa  fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Khabiir.     



    yatarab-basna – (they shall wait, keeping apart), it aims that after the death of husbands, the wives will keep themselves in waiting. Technical name of this period of waiting is ‘Term’ (‘iddat). The woman who is divorced, her term is complete three months and the widow’s term is four months plus ten days. If the widow is pregnant, then her term is until the delivery of her child. To dress, decorate or embellish (make-up) is not lawful for the woman during the days of term.

    Other religions of the world did not show any proper favor for the widow. Moreover Hinduism ordered the widow to burn alive in the fire (to be sati). Islam has granted the right to the widow to remain alive with full opportunities and determined this order that the women shall wait, keeping themselves apart, just four months and ten days with effect from the dates of their husbands’ death. She should not draw attention towards her marriage and it’s related other matters. She should not decorate herself during this term. If she feels that she is pregnant, then her term will change, and she would have to prevent herself from re-marriage until delivery.

    When the term of widowhood will end, then there is no objection in sending the message for re-marriage. Here it has been addressed the entire nation, that is to say; there is no sin or objection for keeping lawful to re-marry like this matter. It has also cleared that if any person does something unlawful, which is against the precepts of religion, then it is others’ duty that they should challenge him according to their spirit and power. Otherwise it will be sin also for them. So they should look in to the matter that after the term of widowhood, which act will be done by the woman, that should not be out of the Divine Law and custom. Remember! God Almighty is full Aware about your deeds. Your all actions (good or bad) will be reckoned on the Day of Resurrection and you will be rewarded or punished according to your character roll.


    Message For Re-Marriage

    Indication To Re-marry

    Re-Marriage – Messaging For    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 235    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or hide in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allah knoweth that ye will remember them. But plight not your troth with women except by uttering a recognized form of words. And do not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run. And know that Allah knoweth what is in your minds, so beware of Him;   and know that Allah is Forgiving, Clement.

    Wa  laa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fiimaa  ‘arraztum-  bihii  min  khitbatin-nisaaa-‘i  ‘aw  ‘aknan-tum  fiii  ‘anfusikum.  ‘Ali-mal-laahu  ‘annakum  satazkuruuna-hunna  wa  laakillaa  tuwaa-‘iduu-hunna  sirran  ‘illaaa  ‘an-taquu-luu  qawlam—ma’-ruufaa.  Wa  laa  ta’-zimuu  ’uqdatan-Nikaahi  hattaa  Yablugal-Kitaabu  ‘ajalah.  Wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  ya’-lamu  maa fiii  ‘anfusi-kum fah-zaruuh..  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  Gafuurun  Haliim.



    It has been told in this verse that if the widow or divorced woman has been passing her period of term, then there is no vexation in it that any man establishes intention in his heart to wed her. But he should not bring it on his tongue or if he talks about it then he should use only the recognized form of word. It is unlawful to disclose one’s will to marry her clearly. A weakness of the human is being commanded here, that is to say; if the woman is liked by any person and she has lodged in his heart, then that person surely brings her mention on his tongue. So it is warned that it is not lawful to promise for marriage openly or secretly during her this duration of grief. Do not plight your troth before end of the prescribed term.


    Divorce Before Touching

    Divorced While Not Yet Touched

    Before Touching – Divorce    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 236    of  286, Section – 31 (Part – 2)


    It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion. Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a bounden duty for those who do good.

    Laa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘in  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna  ‘aw  taf-rizuu  lahunna  fariizah.  Wa  matti-‘uu- hunn.  ‘Alalmuusi-‘i  qadaruhuu  wa  ‘alalmuqtiri  qadaruh.  Mataa-‘am-bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haq-qan  ‘alal-Muhsiniin. 



    maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna – (the women to whom) you have not yet touched, it aims ‘not yet having sex’ and ‘not yet performed the act of intercourse’ with the women.

    matti-‘uu- hunn – (Provide for them), this word has been derived from mataaa’, that is to say; provide them expenditure and necessities of life. The religious scholars refer it particularly toward dress.

    It has been ordered in this verse that if the portion (maher) was not appointed at the time of marriage and married without pureness, then the portion (maher) will be set after that. However, if the wife has been divorced before touching (before having Sexual intercourse with her) then portion will not be necessary. But it is compulsory for the husband that he should give something to the woman.

    After the divorce, whatever is to be provided to the woman, that will be set according to means of the husband. If the husband is rich, then he should give her a reasonable amount, and if he is distressed then whatever is in his power, he should pay his divorced wife. It has also been urged by increasing the word bil-ma’-ruuf that they should not be narrowed or troubled by their husbands in paying the provision. Moreover it should be according to the customs. Ease of the husband and necessities of the wife should be kept in mind while providing the provision.

    In the last it is told that ‘this is a bounden duty for Muhsiniin’ (those who do good), that each Muslim should behave well with each person. But in the matter of a woman they should set these things more gracefully.


    Divorce And Appointed Portion

    Appointed Portion And Divorce

    Divorce And Portion (Maher)    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 237    of  286, Section – 31 (Part – 2)


    If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye have appointed unto them a portion, then (pay the) half of that which ye appointed, unless they (the women) agree to forgo it, or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage tie. To forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among yourselves. Surely Allah is Seer of what ye do.

    Wa  ‘in- tallaqtumuu-hunna  min- qabli  ‘an-tamassuu-hunna  wa  qad  faraztum  lahunna  farii-zatan- fa-nisfu  maa  faraz-tum  ‘illaaa  ‘any-ya’- fuuna  ‘aw  ya’-fu-wallazii  bi-yadihii  ‘uqdatun-Nikaah.  Wa  ‘an-ta’-fuuu  ‘aqrabu  litaq-waa.  Wa  laa  tansawul-fazla  baynakum.  ‘Innallaaha  bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir. 



    Some more orders regarding the divorced woman and payment of her appointed portion have been mentioned in this verse. If the portion (maher) was appointed at the time of marriage tie, and the time of divorce comes before touching the wife, then half of the appointed portion will be paid compulsorily. But the woman herself or the person in whose hand is the marriage tie, if they excuse entire portion or some part of it, then it is another thing.

    After that it has also been told that if the husband overlooks then it is more reasonable near to piety, because God Almighty bestowed him greatness and authorized him to keep remaining the marriage tie or divorce her wife. If the husband doesn’t pay even half of the portion now and divorces her without touching, then it is not reasonable near to God fearing. Any kind of failure didn’t exist from the side of his wife. As though these became four forms of divorce and portion:

    •  Neither the portion is appointed, nor did husband touch his wife. In this form he should pay some reasonable amount to his wife.
    •  The portion was appointed but he did not touch her. Now half of the appointed portion will be paid by him.
    •  The Portion was appointed and he committed also a sexual intercourse. He will pay complete appointed portion.
    •  The Portion was not appointed but he committed intercourse. In this case he would have to pay the similar portion (Maher Misl).


    Punctuality In Offering Prayers

    Be Guardians Of Prayers

    Prayers – Regularity    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 238 & 239    of  286, Section – 31 (Part – 2)


    238.  Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with devotion to Allah.

    239.  And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.

    238.  Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati  was-Salaatil-wustaa;  wa  quu-muu  lillaahi  qaanitiin.


    239.  Fa-‘in  khiftum  fa-rijaalan  ‘aw  rukbaanaa.  Fa- ‘izaaa  ‘amin-tum  fazkurullaaha  kamaa  ‘alla-makum-maa  lam takuu-nuu  ta’-lamuun.



    Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati – (Be guardians of your prayers), that is to say; regularize your prayers in time. The scholars have categorized three stages of prayer’s punctuality:

    First stage – the prayers should be offered in time, without leaving duties and even obligations (Faraz and Waajib).

    Second Stage – body of the person, who is going to offer prayer, should be clean and pure, humility and spiritless should be in his heart, he should care fully for the practices (sunnahs) of the Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) and mustahibbaat (good works).

    Most Superior Stage – while offering the prayer he should deem that he is looking Allah Almighty and he would have this perception also that God Almighty is looking the devout.

    ‘As-Salaatil-wustaa – (the midmost prayer), aim of this central middle prayer is the ‘Asr Prayer, which is offered between the afternoon (Zuhar) prayer and after sunset (Magrib) prayer. Some scholars consider it as the prayer before sunrise (Fajar prayer).

    qaanitiin – (to stand up) with devotion, this word has been derived from qanuut which means benediction, supplication, prayer, humility, begging, submission and obedience.

    The rights and claims of the wives were being mentioned in the previous verses, and the same discussion will run again ahead. Some orders about prayer have come in the middle. It appears from this discussion that the matters regarding society and its affairs, rules and morality are not separate from the worship. The rights of God Almighty and the rights of His servants (human beings) are going side by side in the Divine Law.

    Between the orders regarding divorce, it can also be the reason of mentioning the order about prayer that the mankind should not forget the worship of his Creator (Allah Almighty), while he is busy in the worldly matters and mutual disputes.

    It has been emphasized strongly about the midmost prayer (‘Asr), because the mankind remains busier in the worldly works at this time (after the afternoon). So attention is drawn to this side that “Do not forget God Almighty while you are engaged in the worldly matters. Moreover continue His mention and worship also”. Here some orders regarding prayers during peace and war have also been explained. If there is a time of battle and fear from enemy then you should offer prayer with signs only while either you are foot soldiers or you have conveyance (riding horse etc).


    Bequeath For The Widow

    Bequest Of The Widow

    Widow – Arrange To Give Her Something    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 240-242    of  286, Section – 31-32 (Part – 2)


    240.  (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which they do of themselves within their rights. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    241.  And for divorced women is a provision in kindness. A duty for those who ward off (evil).

    242.  Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His Revelations so that ye may understand.

    240.  wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaa-janw-wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim-mataa-‘an  ‘ilal-hawli  gayra  ‘ikh-raaj.  Fa-‘in kharajna  falaa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fii  maa fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  mim-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun- Hakiim.


    241.  wa  lil-mutallaqaati  mataa-‘um- bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haqqan  ‘alal-Muttaqiin. 


    242.  Kazaalika  yubayyinul-laahu  lakum  ‘Aayaatihii  la-‘al-lakum  ta’-qiluun.  



    wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim – (they should bequeath to their wives), these are last verses of this Surah regarding affairs and matters of marriage between husband and wife. God Almighty commanded in it that the husband can produce another facility for his wife, who is being widow due to his forthcoming death, that he should bequeath his heirs for his wife a provision for the year without turning her out and she has right to get concessions.

    Either the woman is divorced or she becomes widow due to fate of God Almighty, either the portion has been appointed or it was not cleared at the time of marriage, in each condition Islam teaches good behavior, forgiveness, overlook and goodness. After it the share of the women in heritance and term were appointed. Now there is no need to act upon this verse.


    Don’t Go In Fear Of Your Lives

    Death Is Beyond Question

    Fear Of Death    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –243    of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    Bethink thee not (O Muhammad) of those of old, who went forth from their habitations in their thousands, fearing death, and Allah said unto them: Die; and then He brought them back to life. Lo! Allah is a Lord of kindness to mankind, but most of mankind give not thanks.

    ‘Alam  tara  ‘ilallaziina  kharajuu  min  diyaarihim  wa  hum  ‘uluufun  hazaralmawt.  Fa-qaala  lahumullaahu  muu-tuu: summa  ‘ah-yaahum.  ‘In-nallaaha  la-Zuu-Fazlin  ‘alan-naasi  wa  laakinna  ‘aksaran-naasi  laa yash-kuruun.   



    ‘Alam  tara – (have you not seen? Did you not bethink?), this method of addressing is chosen in Arabic language at those times when attention is drawn towards any known and much big happening. Here it does not mean to see only with sight, but purpose is to think, meditate and consider with deep thought, and whenever the word ‘ilaa comes with it, then it also aims to teach any lesson from this particular event.

    ‘allaziina  kharajuu – who went forth (from their habitations), it signifies towards the children of Israel, who had left their homes due to fear of death, and the natives of Arab did know very well this important happening.

    This verse signifies towards a very old event, that the children of Israel, who were in thousands, had left their native country due to fear of death (cause of which was either they considered plague or attack of enemy). Neither they believed in fate, nor stood up against the enemy with weapons, moreover went forth with cowardice to save only their own lives. But their running away in this manner did not become useful for them, and they could not escape from the claws of death.

    After seven days one of the Prophets of God Almighty (peace be upon him) prayed for them, and then Allah Almighty brought them back to life, so that they forswear for future and may know that the relation of death and life is in the hands of Some Other Life. Allah Almighty blesses the mankind. The people can not count His favors. They should be very grateful to God Almighty every moment.


    A Goodly Loan

    Lend To God Almighty

    Loan Which Is Increased Manifold    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –244-245    of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    244.  Fight in the Way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower.

    245.  Who is it that will lend unto Allah a goodly loan, so that He may give it increase manifold for him? And Allah straiteneth and enlargeth. And unto Him ye will return.

    244.  Wa  qaa-tiluu  fii  sabiilil-laahi  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.


    245.  Man-zallazii  yuqrizullaaha  Qarzan  Hasanan  fa—yuzaa-‘ifa-huu  lahuuu  ‘az-‘aafan-  kasiirah.  Wallaahu  yaqbizu  wa  yab-sut.  Wa  ‘ilayhi  turja-‘uun.      



    ‘Aliim – (Knower), it denotes that Allah Almighty knows the intentions of heart and announcements by tongue of those persons who try and strive in His Path and who don’t.

    Qarzan  Hasanan – (goodly loan) the loan, after which neither the debtor would be troubled, nor kindness would be shown, nor revenge would be taken and nor the debtor would be despised. In broad terms, it signifies also, each that amount which is spent in any respect of the religion. Here it aims the amount spent in fight (Ji-haad). The Arabs called every act of good remuneration as goodly loan and every act of bad remuneration as bad loan. Though, due to spending the wealth in Fight (Ji-haad) in the Way of Allah is returned many times more in the Hereafter, so this act of spending is determined by Holy Qur’an as goodly loan (Qarzan  Hasanan).

    fa—yuzaa-‘ifa-huu – (so that He may give it increase), it means ‘to increase the future reward and remuneration of this action’. Infinitive mood of this word is ‘Az-’aaf  (to increase manifold).

    Allah Almighty cleared by mentioning about a nation in the previous verse that control of life and death is only in His hand. So, you shouldn’t run away due to fear of enemy. Now it is being ordered clearly for fighting in the Way of Allah (Ji-haad) that “Fight in the Path of Right Religion against its enemies”.

    Arms and equipment, tools and other things are required for war (Ji-haad). So, God Almighty ordered those people who have power to afford it that they should spend their wealth whole heartedly. Allah Almighty will return their sacrifice by increasing it many times (manifold) in this world as well as on the Day of Resurrection. They should never think that due to spending the money in the Way of God Almighty they will become poor.


    Story of Prophet Saul (peace be on him)

    Refrain From Fighting

    Why Should We Not Fight  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –246 of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    Bethink thee of the leaders of the Children of Israel after Moses, how they said unto a Prophet whom they had: Set up for us a king and we will fight in Allah’s Way. He said: Would ye then refrain from fighting if fighting were prescribed for you? They said: Why should we not fight in Allah’s Way when we have been driven from our dwellings with our children? Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, all save a few of them. And Allah is Aware of evildoers.

    ‘Alam  tara  ‘ilal-mala-‘i  mim- Baniii-‘Israaa-‘iila  mim- ba’-di  Muusaa.  ‘Iz qaaluu li-nabiyyil-lahumub-‘as  lanaa Malikan-nuqaatil  fii  Sabiilil-laah.  Qaala  hal  ‘asaytum ‘in- kutiba  ‘alaykumul-qitaalu  ‘al-laa tuqaatiluu.  Qaaluu  wa maa  lanaaa  ‘allaa nuqaatila fii  Sabii-lillaahi  wa  qad ‘ukhrijnaa  min-diyaarinaa wa  ‘abnaaa-‘inaa.  Falammaa kutiba  ‘alay-himul-qitaalu tawallaw  ‘illaa  qaliilam-minhum.  Wallaahu  ‘Aliimum-biz-zaalimiin.



    It has been pointed also in this verse towards an important tale of the history of Israel’s Children. After some times of departing Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him), the Children of Israel gathered in the temple of Jerusalem being confused from the attacks of King Goliath and other enemies, and being helpless from each side. Perhaps this reign was of the Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him). They requested the Prophet of God Almighty (peace be upon him) to appoint for them a commander-in-chief, under whose supervision they may fight. He (Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him) said, “I’m afraid that if it is ordered to Fight (do ji-haad), then would you not refrain from fighting”? They assured that they would fight in Allah’s Way when they had been driven from their dwellings with their children. But when the time for fighting came, they all turned away save a few of them.





    Prophet Saul (peace be on him) As King

    Selection Of C-in-C

    Kingdom Of Saul (peace be upon him)  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –247a of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    Their Prophet said unto them: Lo! Allah hath raised up Saul to be a king for you. They said: How can he have kingdom over us when we are more deserving of the kingdom than he is, since he hath not been given wealth enough?

    Wa  qaala  lahum  Nabiy-yuhum  ‘innallaaha  qad  ba-‘asa  lakum  Taaluuta  Malikaa.  Qaaluuu  ‘annaa  yakuunu  lahul-mulku  ‘alaynaa  wa  nahnu  ‘a-haqqu  bil-mulki  minhu  wa  lam  yu’-ta  sa-‘atam-minal-maal.




    Taaluuta – (Saul son of Kash), after Prophet Moses, Saul (peace be upon them) has been recognized as very great and first king of the children of Israel. His reign is told from 1028 BC to 1012 BC. He (peace be upon him) belonged to Bin-Yaamiin Tribe, which had a customary grade. Any king was never chosen out of that dynasty. Neither they were too much wealthy nor rich.

    Evil-minded Jews criticized this (Saul’s) appointment as king that He (peace be upon him) has not been given enough wealth. He is a poor person. How can a poor person be a king for us (the rich people)? They thought that sovereignty and leadership is the inborn right of the rich-men.

    It is not only resting over the Jews. The materialist nations made always these types of wrong principles, and they deemed the government as bondwoman of the house of rich persons. While this concept is infinite foolish and un-justly, so Allah Almighty declared with clearness this wrong concept of the Jews in His last Scripture for warning of coming breeds, so that nobody may remain in misunderstanding in future, and no nation should suppose the wealth and riches as standard of leadership and exaltation.

    After it if any nation or group imagines the riches as cause of superiority even then, that nation or group would have to face the same punishment which has already been tolerated by the Jews, because the Law of Nature doesn’t change.


    Characteristics Of A Governor

    Qualities Of Commander-in-Chief

    Special Marks Of A King  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –247b of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    He said: Lo! Allah hath chosen him above you, and hath increased him abundantly in wisdom and stature. And Allah bestoweth His sovereignty on whom He will. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.

    Qaala  ‘innallaa-hastafaahu  ‘alaykum  wa  zaadahuu  basta-tan-fil-‘ilmi  wal-jism.  Wallaahu  yu’-tii  mulkahuu  many-yashaaa’.  Wallaahu  waasi-‘un  ‘Aliim.  




    It was mentioned in the first part of this verse that Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him) proclaimed on behalf of Allah Almighty that He has raised up Saul (peace be upon him) to be a king for the children of Israel. But they criticized this selection due to vanity of their richness, that while he (peace be upon him) was not richer than them, then how could he be their king?

    Prophet of God Almighty (peace be upon him) stated following qualities fixed by Allah Almighty for sovereignty and leadership:

    •  Allah has chosen him because He has bestowed him wisdom abundantly.
    •  Stature of Saul (peace be upon him) is more powerful comparatively than all of them.

    basta-tan-fil-‘ilmi – (he has been  given wisdom abundantly), ‘ilm means knowledge about facts and to recognize the secrets. There are uncountable meanings hidden in this one word, all kinds of sciences and arts are included in it, particularly sciences about ruling and governing the world.

    ‘al-jism – (stature), aim is that Saul has more ability regarding strength, power and is more reliable respecting stature than all of you. The person who would have more powers of both (knowledge and stature, he would be able to get preference and leadership over others.

    mulkahuu – (His sovereignty), it’s object is that actual Sovereignty is of Allah Almighty and this Authority is in fact for Him, Who is Alone.

    >>   Sarwari zeba faqat ‘Us Zaati Bay Hamtaa ko hae

    Hukmaraan hae ik Wuhii, baaqi butaani ‘Aazrii

    Now it is Allah Almighty’s especial Favor and Mercy that He gives in charge the service of governing the people to the person, who is most deserving and worthy out of His servants.


    Token Of Kingdom

    Ark – Peace Of Reassurance

    Remnant (Relics) Of Prophets’ House    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –248 of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    And their Prophet said unto them: Lo! The token of his kingdom is that there shall come unto you the ark wherein is peace of reassurance from your Lord, and remnant of that which the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind, the angels bearing it. Lo! Herein shall be a token for you if (in truth) ye are believers.

    Wa  qaala  lahum  Nabiyyu-hum  ‘inna  ‘aayata-  Mulkihiii  ‘any-ya’-tiyakumut- Taa-buutu  fiihi  sakiinatum-mir-Rab-bikum  wa  baqiyyatum-mimmaa  taraka  ‘Aalu-Muusaa  wa  ‘Aalu- Haaruuna  tahmilu-hul-malaaa- ‘ikah.  ‘Inna  fii  zaalika  la- ‘aayatal-lakum  ‘in- kuntum- Mu’-miniin. 




    ‘At- Taa-buutu – (Ark), Chest containing tables of the law of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him), original Scripture of Torah and sacred relics of the Prophets from the children of Israel . The name of this box is also Taa-buuti Sakiinah. It was the greatest national inheritance for the children of Israel. They used to keep it with them every time even during journey and war. They used to consider it as very auspicious and place it in front specially during war so that Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta-‘aala might bestow them victory with its blessings.

    Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him) appointed Prophet Saul (peace be upon him) as King of the children of Israel by the Order of Allah Almighty. In that case He (peace be upon him) also told for their satisfaction that outward token of his kingdom is your that blessed Ark which was snatched by Goliath from you. You will get back that Ark during the rule of Saul (peace be upon him).

    It has been known from the history that from the time when the Palestinians had snatched this Ark from the children of Israel, they could never live with comfort. Wherever (in any place or city) they used to keep it, either any contagious disease used to burst or any calamity used to come there. At last they decided being frustrated that they should get rid of this Ark. So they loaded this Ark in a bullock cart and drove it without any Cartman. The Angels (peace be upon them) of God Almighty brought it at the Saul’s door (peace be upon him). After looking this token the children of Israel believed in the kingdom of Saul (peace be upon him).

    It has also been declared from the history that this Ark remained in possession of the children of Israel till the reign of Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him) (220 BC). He (peace be upon him) kept it in the Solomon Haikal of the Temple of Jerusalem after its erection. After that it did not appear. The children of Israel think that till now it is burial in the bottom of the foundation of Solomon Haikal.




    Physical Test Of Army

    Pass Through An Ordeal

    Ordeal Of Crusaders


    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –249a of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    And when Saul set out with the army, he said: Lo! Allah will try you by (the ordeal of) a river. Whosoever therefore drinketh thereof he is not of me, and whosoever tasteth it not he is of me, save him who taketh (thereof) in the hollow of his hand. But they drank thereof, all save a few of them.

    Fa-lammaa  fasala  Taa-luutu  bil-junuudi, qaala  ‘innal-laaha  mubtaliikum-bi-nahar.  Faman-shariba  minhu  falaysa  minnii.  Wa  mal-lam  yat-‘amhu  fa-‘innahuu  miniii  ‘illaa manig-tarafa  gurfatam- bi-yadih.  Fa-sharibuu minhu  ‘illaa  qaliilam-minhum.




    Nahar – (canal), a river from which the army had to pass through. The name of this river is stated as Jordan River. Name of Hashmiite Government of the Eastern Jordan is also related to this river. It flows from north to south and drops down in to the Dead Sea.

    man-shariba  minhu – (whosoever drinks out of it), it means that the person who will drink water from this river bellyful, he will be disobedient and he will be expelled from my group.

    gurfatam- bi-yadih – (in the hollow of his hand), that is to say; there will be permission only to drink the water quantity of which should not be more than a hollow of the hand for wetting  the dry lips and quenching the thirst.

    When the Saul (peace be upon him) set out with the Jews’ army to fight against Goliath, Allah Almighty fixed for them a test, which was that nobody would drink the water bellyful of Jordan River in the way.

    No command and order from God Almighty is without advisability and wisdom. Surely any use and advantage is hidden for human being in each order and restriction. So it was not only a test but there were many advantages in this restriction respecting their health and character, which they could not understand at that time. However they knew it very soon.     



    Defeat And Victory Doesn’t Depend On Majority

    Allah Is With The Steadfast

    Sometimes Little Company Overcomes  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –249b of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    And after he had crossed (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: We have no power this day against Goliath and his hosts. But those who knew that they would meet Allah exclaimed: How many a little company hath overcome a mighty host by Allah’s leave! And Allah is with the steadfast.

    Falammaa  jaawaza-huu  huwa  wallaziina  ‘aamanuu  ma- ‘ahuu,  qaaluu  laa  taaqata  lanal-yawma  bi-Jaaluuta  wa  junuudih.  Qaalal-laziina  ya-zunnuuna  ‘annahum-  mulaaqul-laahi,  kam-min-  fi- ‘atin-qaliilatin  galabat  fi- ‘atan- kasiiratam-  bi- ‘iznillaah.  Wallaahu  ma-‘as-Saabiriin.




    Jaaluuta – (Goliath), he was commander of Palestinian Army against the Jews. This person was Giant stature and muscular youth. His strength, power and stoutness have been mentioned in the Holy Torah with detail. It is told that his height was ten feet. He used to remain in iron dress from his head to feet. A heavy shield used to remain in his hand.

    When Prophet Saul (peace be upon him) started journey with his Believer Associates towards Goliath, first of all He warned them that they should not drink water from the river in the way more than a hollow of a hand, otherwise they will be separated. It was, they drank water bellyful except a few persons out of them, and they could not remain able even to walk.

    When this little company reached opposite the enemy, looking their scarcity in numbers these servants of Allah Almighty said, “How shall we face so much big army”? But they also exclaimed with complete faith and strong belief, “No! Victory will be ours’; usually it has happened in the history that little companies have overcome mighty hosts by Allah’s leave”.

    Decision of victory and defeat doesn’t exist with the number of Armies, but it depends on support from God Almighty and strength of hearts. The persons who don’t leave the skirt of patience and firmness, Allah Almighty co-operates with them.

    Perseverance is a very great power. With the aid of remaining firm in the field of action, God Almighty helps the persons from invisible sources and embraces them success.

    God helps those who help themselves.


    Patience And Making Foothold Sure

    Endurance And Steadiness

    Forbearance And Perseverence 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –250 & 251 of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    250.  And when they went into the field against Goliath and his hosts they said: Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make our foothold sure, and give us help against the disbelieving folk.

    251.  So they routed them by Allah’s leave and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of that which He willeth. And if Allah had not repelled some men by others the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah is a Lord of Kindness to (His) creatures.

    250.  Wa  lammaa  barazuu  li-Jaaluuta  wa  junuudihii  qaaluu  Rabbanaaa  ‘afrig  ‘alaynaa  sab-ranw-wa  sabbit  ‘aqdaamanaa  wan-surnaa  ‘alal—Qawmil-kaa-firiin.


    251.  Fa-hazamuuhum-  bi- ‘iznil-laahi,  wa  qatala  Daawuudu  Jaa-luuta  wa  ‘aataahullaahul-  Mulka  wal- Hikmata  wa  ‘allamahuu  mimmaa  yashaaa’.  Wa  law-laa  daf- ‘ullaahin-naasa  ba’-zahum- bi-ba’-zil-lafasadatil- ‘arzu  wa  laa-kinnal-laaha  Zuu-Fazlin- ‘alal- ‘Aalamiin.




    Daawuudu– (David), David (peace be upon him), who was son of Yasii was a Prophet of God Almighty during 1024 BC to 963 BC. Recitation in the Holy Qur-‘an about him is at sixteen places. He was a young soldier in the Army of Prophet Saul (peace be upon them), till that time neither he had proclaimed about his prophet-hood, and nor he had yet been appointed as king.

    When the Army of Prophet Saul reached opposite Goliath’s Army, Goliath challenged the servants of God Almighty due to his personal strength and power. The Believers never trust in their abundance of manpower or ability of their personal force. So they requested for endurance from Allah Almighty and prayed for making them foothold sure.

    It was primary time of Prophet David (peace be upon him). He was a part of the Army of Saul (peace be upon him). Goliath was killed with his hands and the truth-lover Army got victory and success. It is the Practice of God Almighty that He repels and defeats some men by others, and doing so He removes badness and quarrels from the earth.


    Last Signs

    Previous Tokens

    Past portents   

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –252 of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    252.  These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth. And lo! thou art of the number of (Our) messengers.

    252.  Tilka  ‘Aayaatullaahi  nat-luu-haa  ‘alayka  bil-haqq.  Wa  ‘innaka  laminal-Mursaliin.




    bil-haqq – (with truth), it aims that earlier stories and portents are caused to hear the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) without decrease and increase. Bringing this word it has also been cleared that Holy Qur-‘an doesn’t change the stories from good to bad like other Scriptures.

    minal-Mursaliin – (out of the number of messengers (peace be upon them), it is evident from this word that the recognized position of Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is also like other Messengers (peace be upon them). Neither the Messenger/Prophet is Self-Creator (God) and nor demi-god. Indeed the Holy Qur-‘an uses the sound words for escaping from ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty.

    It also clears from this verse that as Prophet David (peace be upon him) was given knowledge and wisdom by Allah Almighty, likewise the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has also been exalted with these blessings by Him (Allah Almighty).

    Allah Almighty has told in this verse that previous tales, which We cause to here the Messenger (Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), these are quite true. There is no doubt in these stories. There are uncountable advices in these stories, which are useful like beacon for future nations and races. Allah Almighty signifies to His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) about coming out of thousands people of the children of Israel from their houses, dieing suddenly and then coming back to life with the Order of Allah Almighty, assaulting over them by Goliath, their request for making king for them, Prophet Saul’s (peace be upon him) becoming king, giving him (peace be upon him) greatness in knowledge and stature, returning of Ark, coming out by Saul (peace be upon him) opposite to Goliath, killing the Goliath by David (peace be upon him) and bestowing him (peace be upon him) sovereignty and wisdom by Allah Almighty. God Almighty informs His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) about all these matters and we have advice in these stories.

    God Almighty also commanded His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “You are out of the number of (Our) messengers” and its clear proof is that “We (Allah Almighty) inspired up to you (Muhammad) past portents” and signs, and these stories are used to reveal only towards the Messengers (peace be upon them). While neither you (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) have read these stories in any book, nor listened from any person, but reach you through revelation of God Almighty.

    Mention of uncountable happenings regarding earlier nations and Prophets/Messengers (peace be upon them) exists in the Holy Qur-an. Recitation and signs of their conditions are present hither and thither in each Surah.

    It is not intended anywhere to write history and biography from these statements, but root cause is warning and advice. It is our duty that we should correct our present in the light of the events of previous nations and meditate for future. If we would not do so, then it would be our limitless negligence and stupidity.

    Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)

    Part – 1, SURAH AL-BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow), Verses 1 to 141 (Lesson 13 – 142)

    LESSON # 13 FROM HOLY QUR’AN                                                                     Image                


    Part  – I

     The first Surah ‘Faatihah’ (The Opening) was revealed in Makkah whereas this, the second Surah ‘Baqarah’ (The Cow) revealed in Al-Madinah. This Surah is the longest Surah in Holy Qur’aan. It has 286 verses in 40 sections. Because there is an event of ‘The Cow’ in it so it is named, Baqarah. Matters relating to religious as well as deeds have been taught in it. It is said that Hadrat Umar (Radi ALLAHo Anho) spent many years to understand this Surah. It is not meant to learn by heart, but to learn and understand the orders and instructions mentioned in it. Abstract of its subjects is stated as under:


    1.        Holy Qur’aan is guidance for those people who have fear of ALLAH and matter of abstinence is in their hearts.


    2       After listening The Holy Qur’aan, three kinds of people will grow as it has been happening in the world at each time of beginning a new series of movements. At first, the believers, who will have full faith in it. Secondly, the infidels who will oppose it and thirdly, the hypocrites, who will show themselves as believers but actually their hearts will refuse it.


    3       After all the above, people have been ordered to do worship of only ALLAH and the Truth of Holy Qur’aan has been proven.


    4       In the fourth section, Birth of The Prophet Hadrat Adam (Compliments upon Him) has been mentioned including His entitlement of being Caliph on the earth. Then, from fifth section to onward recitation of a big dynasty’s life ‘Israelite’ begins. Hundreds Prophets and Messengers (compliments upon Them) born in this dynasty. ALLAH ALMIGHTY narrated the condition of this dynasty in a lesson taken method and also told about their false movements and badness due to which these people could not be able to remain Viceroy of The CREATOR on earth.


    5       From section 5 to 15, many events of Israelite have been stated for example, their promises and agreements, splendor of ALLAH on the Mount Sinai, event of the Day of Saturday, event of The Cow, circumstances of the murder of Prophets (compliments upon Them), impure attempts of enchantment/charm and magic, unfair conduct of disgracing the Prophets (compliments upon Them), wrong faith in rewards and independence on the Day of Judgment.


    6       From section-16 to onwards, including more events of Israelite, birth of The Last Prophet Hadrat Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) in Arab within the generation of Hadrat Adam (Compliments upon Him) has been mentioned. And there is also recitation on The Temple of Makkah (Masjid e Haraam).The degrees of the Martyrs in the ways of ALLAH are mentioned here.


    7       In section-20 matters of The Forbidden and lawful, and The Marks of the power of The GOD have been discussed.








    Part  – II


    In section 20 of Surah Baqarah we have been commanded by The GOD about actual goodness. After this section, up to section 26, the matters relating inheritance, revenge, blessing, fast, pilgrimage to Makkah, Jehad (to try and strive), sacrifice pertaining to property in the path of GOD have been mentioned including orders and instructions for them.


    From section 27 matters regarding family and social life have begun like, marriage, divorce, menstruation, second marriage, bring up and look after the children and favor right of the bride etc.


    In section 32 again the matter of trying and striving has been discussed like, Hadrat Saul’s encounter against the Goliath. GOD commanded us that victory or defeat does not depend either on war equipment or decrease and increase of personnel. Usually small number of manpower wins against large armies.


    Verse of The Throne  (Aayat ul Kursee), in which many virtues of GOD like, The ALIVE, The PERMANENT etc have been mentioned in section -34. There is no compulsion for anyone to accept Islam because its excellences and proofs are clear.


    Recitation regarding Lesson taken events of Hadrat Abraham (Compliments upon Him) is discussed here. Up to section-39 talk about Alms and charity, prohibition to take interest, laws and instructions regarding witness and principles of trade have been mentioned.


    At the end of this Surah in section-40 summary of Faith and Islam have been mentioned including a perfect prayer. Last words of this benediction are, “Fan-sur-naa-alal-Qaomil-kaaferiin” (Bestow us excellence over the nation of infidels). It is the result of invitation of Holy Qur’aan that which nation will bring up with the teachings of Holy Qur’aan, law of The GOD will overcome on atheism with her. Result of believers of GOD and infidels has been narrated here that believers will succeed and infidels will fail and subdued, as the end of the Surah is just like beginning.


    Please don’t forget it that writing of this abstract means only to show you a concept of its subjects. It is fact that, it is impossible for anyone, to summarize the facts and excellences of the speech of GOD in a few words.


    Now we should think and care the orders and instructions of The GOD, mentioned in this Surah. We should understand its philosophies and be ready to act upon these instructions. O GOD! Give us knowledge and power for it.                            .










    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse –1 of 286, Section – 1 (Part 1)

    ‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shaytaanir-Rajiim


    Alif. Lam. Mim. ‘ALIF-LAAAM-MIIIM.




    In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.


    Sura Baqarah begins from above three letters. These letters are called “Muqat-ti-‘aat”. I am sorry! I could not find translation of the word “Muqat-ti-aat.” So I translated it as ‘Absolute’ letters. If I am wrong, I pray from the GOD to forgive me. The letters Alif-Laaam-Miiim are written collected but are read separately. The three letters have come in the beginning of five more Suras excluding ‘Baqarah’ (The Cow). Besides these three letters some other letters have also come in the beginning of some different Suras of the Holy Qur’aan. The Suras which begin with this type of letters are twenty nine in numbers.


    If we say, what are the meanings of Alif-Laaam-Miiim? Nobody can reply absolutely, because it is Secret out of the Secrets of The GOD. Only ALLAH, HIS Messenger (Peace be upon Him), the companions of the Messenger (Allah agreed upon them) and Scholars of the Muslim nation know its meanings. Different Saints tried to explain it according to their personal manners. For instance:-


    Sayyidina ibn ‘Abbas (may the God Almighty be pleased with him) said that the GOD says, “I am ALLAH, Who knows the best.” One saint says, “Alif means ALLAH, who revealed the Holy Book. Laaam means the arch Angel Gabriel (Compliments upon Him), who brought the revelation of ALLAH, and Miiim means The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) on whom this Holy Book ‘Qur’aan’ was revealed through the Angel Gabriel (Compliments upon Him).


    A young Egyptian Scholar Sayyad Nasooh Zahir told after counting and trusting on the alphabetical letters that actually number of verses of the Suras is mentioned in the letters. An other research scholar said that there are historical events with days and years discussed in these letters, which are held in that particular Surah.


    Briefly, the knowledge of these letters found by the saints, research scholars and philosophers have been told us. These kinds of letters were already in use in the Arabic language before Islam. To them each person who has knowledge of Arabic knows perfectly. Besides Arabic, this custom of use also exists in other languages like English, Persian, and Urdu etc for example: BA, MA, LLB, UNO, IMF ETC. These instances are very famous but even till some people don’t know them. Only those persons know them, who belong to them or have any interest with them.


    GOD gave us chance to learn and understand the Holy Qur’an. It is our duty to try to understand the speech of GOD, act upon it and spread its science, acts and arts nearby and far. Solution of all the Problems of the world over may be found in this speech.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 2 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    This is the Scripture whereofThere is no doubt. Zaalikal-kitaabu laa rayba fiih




    Zaalika  – (This). It is used to point out something. Besides Zaalika, some other words are also used to point out something in Arabic language. Usually Zaalika is used to point out the thing far away but due to dignity and greatness of the Holy Qur’aan its meaning is used here as nearby.


    Al-kitaabu – Every written thing is called the book. Whenever al comes before a noun, it becomes a particular noun. So which al is used here before kitaab, it makes the book, “a Particular Book” i.e. Holy Qur’aan.

    Every person in this world needs to know true principles so that adopting these principles he may get his object. Some people wish to know these types of principles from their sense/wisdom. But it is evident from the experience that the principles come out from anybody’s wisdom; may not be real and sure. Because in different matters people have different opinions. As if, we can’t agree upon a principle collectively, but how many persons will be there, too many advices on any principle will be there.


    To curb this tendency our GOD revealed for us the Holy Book with entire kindness, and also commanded that speeches of this Book, “filled with full philosophy” are true and final. There is no doubt in it. Which promises have been made in it, surely they will be completed. And which knowledge has been given in it that will produce true results. If any person has any doubt in any matter, he may know by thinking and considering on the verses of the Holy Qur’aan.


    Teaching of the Holy Qur’aan is not far from the wisdom. Mankind is invited to examine the truth of Holy Qur’aan practically. Surely using it they will feel comfort. Who does not know that the Arabian nation had drowned in the darkness of folly? She was backward comparing to other nations. Maximum people were cruel and un-civilized. When this nation acted upon the teachings of Holy Qur’aan, she succeeded in all the matters of life like economics, politics, science, arts, social matters, civilization manners etc. Who were behind all they commanded the all acting upon the Holy Qur’aanic teachings. Each promise of the Holy Qur’aan was complete. But when the people gave up acting upon it, old diseases returned in the nation.


    We should promise to act upon these teachings from the beginning whole heartedly. Leave all types of doubts and suspicions and get success in this life and on the Doomsday.









    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 2 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    A guidance unto those whoward off (evil) Hudal-lil-Muttaqiin




    Hudan – Guidance, Path of Knowledge, Equipment for moving on the path, strength and power to reach at the destination. These all things are included in the meanings of ‘Guidance’. We have learnt explanation of it in “The Opening” (Al-Faatihah).


    Muttaqiin – Plural of Temperate, Abstinent and Sober, who have fear of GOD in their hearts, who live in abstinence, who does his work with care. One event of Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) is being written here for explanation of the word of Piety.


    Once Sayyidina ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) asked from Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) about meanings of Temperate. He replied, if you pass through a forest which is full of thorns and shrubs, and then what will you do? He answered, “I shall fold up my clothes, so that skirt of my garment may not involve with thorns. Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) said, “this is the fear of GOD”.


    Now it is evident that guidance of the Holy Qur’aan is better for those people who want to reach their destination keeping themselves safe from the thorns of the forest of this world i.e. sins.


    There are two types of mankind. Some have fearless temperament. They become so thoughtless that without thinking anything they plunge into each work. Some are those who think before starting any work with care. Now it is revealed that the people who live a careful life, they gain advantage of guidance. These persons, color of piety may be seen into them. Abstinent will reach at the top with the teachings of Holy Qur’aan and following virtues will born into them.


    This Book, “The Holy Qur’aan” is revealed for guidance of the entire world. And it is addressing to all the people of the entire world, but practically only those persons will get advantage from this book who seek and need to know the truth. Every work needs some basic elements for starting the work for example, feet to walk, eyes to look, so to get guidance from the Holy Qur’aan fear of GOD is necessary in the hearts. The sun shines on the entire universe. But those persons who have lost their power of sight, for them light is useless. If the earth is salty, rain will prove nothing on it. It is important to bear the piety in our hearts that we should settle our accounts ourselves. Once Sayyidina Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) , “prior to this, that anybody calls your account, you should check the account yourself.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)



    Verse – 3 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    Who believe in the unseen ‘Allaziina yu’-minuuna bil-Gaybi





    ‘Allaziina – Those people who.

    yu’-minuuna – believe, bring faith. Belief means ‘to admit the truth with tongue, have faith in it with heart and devise action according to it. Who becomes a believer, he comes in peace. It is the Belief, which is reliable in the Divine law of religion.


    Gaybi – means the world which is higher than this outward world, information about which can only be achieved through the Prophet (Peace be upon Him). For example:


    Nature and virtues of GOD, Angels, Paradise and Hell, the Day of Resurrection, accounts of good manners and the evils (sins), rewards and punishment as per acts etc, and Belief in the unseen may not be complete without having faith in the Prophet (Peace be upon Him).


    It was told in the previous lesson that Holy Qur’aan is Rule of Guidance for those people who wish to get advantage from it with extremely sincerity and sacred intention, who have ability and excitement to live with care and look after their own. And they have ambition to pass their lives with chastity and cautiousness.


    In this verse first attribute of sobers has been mentioned which will come into them with the guidance of the Holy Qur’aan. And that is the thing that they believe in the unseen, the body of which is higher than the outward senses.


    Without belief the heart remains restless and unstable, because without its existence doubt, hesitation, whim and suspicion make place in the hearts. But a believer does not frighten in the stress and strain, in the painful calamity and examination. But he gets encourage because he believes that he has a great support and strong trust. And he gains from it happiness of his brain, satisfaction of the heart and comfort of his soul. This faith in world of unseen is brain of religion and soul of belief. Without this faith, belief can not be matured.


    We have prepared ourselves to get Guidance from the Holy Qur’aan and joined the people who have fear of The GOD. Now we should produce good manners in ourselves according to the teachings of Holy Qur’aan. We should believe and act on all the facts without hesitation which have been ordered through Holy Qur’aan, which have come to us through the last Messenger (Peace be upon Him).


    O Allah! Give us power, resources and strength for it.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 3 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    And establish worship Wa yuqiimuunas-Salaata




    Yuqiimuuna – Establish, Set up, Settle (oneself in a position), Place (someone) in a position, Prove the truth of (an event), Cause people to accept (a belief)

    as-Salaata – Literal meanings are, “blessing; benediction; prayer”.

    Establishing prayer means that the person should offer prayer with entire terms and restrictions as well as bend upon others too to perform this duty. In the phrase of Divine Law of Islam as-Salaata is used for a particular worship that is called Prayer. Name of this worship is kept as-Salaata because maximum part of this worship comprises on blessings. In this worship along with Tongue, Heart and outward parts of Body also ask for blessing.


    After belief in the unseen second good manner of the temperate is being mentioned that “they establish worship with punctuality.” Prayer is the best source of leaning in front of GOD, declaring one’s devotion, producing deep connection with ALLAH, and arranging unity and discipline between all persons of the nation. The prayer is the most superior act to all bodily worships. And it is the best method of declaration about belief and Oneness of GOD. An individual has many advantages in it like code of morality, medical and material as well as collectively the nation has social advantages.


    All Muslims after being neat and clean stand in a row behind the spiritual guide five times a day facing towards the temple of Makkah. They promise for brotherhood between them and devotion, standing in front of ALLAH. By this worship hearts of all participants who stay collectively in a line become sacred from impurity, envy and selfishness. Mutual friendship, love and equality increases with it. The participants of this collective prayer perceive and help in each other’s trouble and distress etc. The person stops doing sin and shamelessness.


    Passion of obey to commander grows by establishing this method of worship. The nation learns the lesson of punctuality and regularity. So in the raising days of Islam success of Muslims was due to their establishment of worship. Infamous people who were not under any sovereignty, became a disciplined nation by establishing prayers and proved themselves model of unity.


    It is said by The last Prophet (peace be upon Him), “the prayer finds out difference between Muslim and Infidel”. We should see ourselves in the light of the above mentioned Sayings of The Prophet (peace be upon Him) that in which society do we belong to?   In an other Hadiith, The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said that the prayer is ascension of the Believer. He will be un-lucky, who does not want to reach this higher rank.


    Prayer is a worship which is useful like in moral, spiritual, individual and collectively matters. Therefore, it is determined pillar of religion.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 3 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    And spend of that We have bestowed upon them Wa mimmaa razaqnaahum yun-fiquun




    Razaqnaahum – We have bestowed upon them. These are two words, “We have bestowed” and “upon them”. The word, “razaqnaa” has vast meanings in Arabic Language. All types of favors and blessings come in it desiring either outward as wealth, health, children etc or internal as knowledge, wisdom and understanding etc. In the rewards of GOD, wealth is a great grant. It is evident from this verse that every thing is granted by GOD and which gifts are rewarded to the mankind, those all are bestowed due to HIS kindness.


    yun-fiquun – They spend. Third attribute of the persons who have fear of GOD in their hearts is being narrated in this part of the verse. That, whatever GOD has bestowed upon them, they spend out of it in reasonable and needful situations, in just and useful purposes. It is a great sacrifice, to spend wealth for the sake of Allah. There are many people who do only physical worship but do not like to spend any penny. This kind of avarice is dangerous in this world and for the day of resurrection.


    Whenever friends, relatives and parents of any person turn to him for help in their needs, he stingy denies, at that time and displeases them. And then difference comes in his business, because they leave co-operation with him. Besides this, when there is no custom for support of needy, orphans and helpless people in the society and expenditure in public welfare, correctness of the national affairs and defense extensions is stopped, and then all people imprison in trouble and resultantly personal wealth becomes over.


    On the doomsday it will be the result of frugality that if love of wealth settles down in the heart and at the time of death soul of mankind leaves body, it remains restless a lot in the love of wealth and this unreasonable love appears as snakes, scorpions and Fire in the form of agony. So, Allah has taught the mankind to sacrifice their property for their religious as well as worldly success. And like that, they should spend from His given strengths, abilities and qualifications to serve the humanity.


    It is our duty to don’t withdraw from serving the common people with our all struggles, strengths, abilities and wealth, and participate whole heartedly according to our ability. This is the best for nation, country and as well as for each individual.









    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 4a of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    And who believe in that whichis revealed unto thee

    (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee,

    Wallaziina yu’-minuuna bi-maaa ‘unzila ‘ilayka wa maaa ‘unzila min-qablik.




    Fourth praise of temperate is mentioned in this verse. Namely these people believe on all heavenly books and revealed written.


    As though two speeches have been explained in this verse:


    •        To have faith on the teachings and instructions of The Holy Book revealed towards The Messenger (Muhammad) (peace be upon Him) whole heartedly.

    •        To believe just the Holy Books revealed upon the prophets came prior to the last Messenger (peace be upon them) from GOD.


    Now it is also clear that in the Holy Qur’aan, only the Book revealed on the last Prophet and the Books revealed upon the Prophets prior to the last Prophet (peace be upon them) have been explained. Neither there is mentioned any prophet after the last Messenger (peace be upon Him) and nor any holy book after the Holy Qur’aan. It is known that no prophet will come after the last Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon Him), otherwise it would have been mentioned here.


    The Prophets came prior to Muhammad (peace be upon them), are a lot in numbers. Names from some of them have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan, remainings are only hinted. To believe in Prophets (peace be upon Them) means that from Hadrat Adam (Compliments upon Him) to the Last Messenger Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him), as much as Prophets came, all those Prophets (compliments upon Them) were sent by GOD. And they taught the people according to their reign. Out of heavenly Books, four Holy Books have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan:


    1.        Journals of Hadrat Abraham (Compliments upon Him)

    2.        Torah of Hadrat Moses (Compliments upon Him)

    3.        Zaboor of Hadrat David (Compliments upon Him)

    4.        Gospel of Hadrat Jesus (Compliments upon Him)


    Messenger of ALLAH (peace be upon Him) illustrated the series of prophets by a simile of palace and said, “Each Prophet was fitted as a brick of His reign to build this palace. At last Hadrat Christ (Compliments upon Him) came and was fitted as a brick in the palace of prophet-hood. The people came, looked this ‘Building’ and praised but in addition said also that there is a gap of one Brick. Would that the remaining Brick be fitted on its place. I am that ‘last Brick’, now there is no need and space of any brick for this palace of prophet-hood.”


    All these Prophets of GOD (peace be upon Them) always presented the truth before their people that LORD of the worlds is only one ‘ALLAH’. Now The Holy Qur’aan orders to its believers that they should believe in all of them. No body can find anywhere this kind of superior example regarding acceptance of tolerance and truth.


    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 4b of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    And are certain of the Hereafter. Wa bil-‘Aakhirati hum yuuqinuun.




    ‘Aakhirat – means the second life after death.


    Yuuqinuun – (they believe). Believe is the knowledge, the argument to whom has cleared so that any capacity of doubts and suspicions does not remain in it.


    This world is the place of actions. It means that this is the life after which period of acts goes to end. The world coming after this life is the place of consequences in which every person will be rewarded or punished according to his each act he did in this world. There is no doubt that we get back rewards in terms of events in this world but sometimes persons are not rewarded or punished as a whole. The persons of Good deeds deprive from getting rewards and evil doer criminals escape from punishment. Still justice demands that any act of any person must not be remained result-less. So God has fixed a day on which every animate will get its reward or punishment in full on each of its act. Hence, to believe on a sustainable future of this world for reward and punishment is important component of a true religion.


    It also became clear that this world has strong association with the world hereafter. Second life will be the result of our deeds we do in our present life. So it is sobers’ quality that they get satisfaction before starting any work that the work, they are going to do, is not against the heavenly teachings and instructions of GOD regarding inference and result.


    GOD ALMIGHTY has given us full liberty of selection and power of choice for actions. We have many ways to reach the destination. But we have to choose the path for which GOD has guided us. If belief of the end of this world, rewards or punishments according to good or bad acts remains in front of us every time, then it is a sure point that we shall remain firm on the path of truth and temperance. We should mould our lives in the principles of Holy Qur’aan so that we may get much pleasant results out of it and we may succeed in both the worlds. The person who has not belief in liability of his acts, calculation of good and bad deeds and their results, he would not correct his actions.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 5 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful. ‘Ulaaa-‘ika ‘alaa hudam-mir-Rabbihim wa ‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-Muf-lihuun




    Al-Muf-lihuun – Those who succeed. This word is built from ‘Falaah’. It means, ‘betterment, deliverance, happiness, prosperity, profit, good.’ But literally ‘Falaah’ means, ‘amputation’. Probably agriculturist or farmer is so called ‘Fallaah’ because he ploughs in the earth, sows seed, which comes out from the earth in the shape of a young plant. In Arabic language this word has vast meanings. All successes of this life and Hereinafter have been mentioned in it collectively. All scholars agree upon this word’s meanings that there is no better word in Arabic language except ‘Falaah’ to declare all kinds of success. He will be called ‘Muflih’ (succeeded), who reaches success after removing all kinds of difficulties and hindrances.


    In ‘Surah Faatihah’ (The Opening) we humbly made requests to God for guidance towards the straight path. Replying to that request we received a Message, which we have read in the previous lessons. After that, some emblems have been explained about the persons who achieved guidance:


    •        Believe in Omniscient besides this materialistic world

    •        Establish worship to disclose their relation practically with God.

    •        Spend for the sake of God out of that which He has bestowed upon them

    •        Believe in that which revealed upon the Messenger (Muhammad) (peace be upon Him), The Holy Qur’aan, and admit Him as their Spiritual Guide.

    •        Admit the Holy Books, Journals and Guidance revealed prior to Holy Qur’aan.

    •        Are certain of the Hereafter, rewards and punishment in accord with deeds (of this life).

    Now it is mentioned in this verse that these pious persons are actually on guidance of God. “These depend on guidance from their Lord and These are the successful”. It is the betterment of this life that guidance became their fortune and they got a complete and the best rule of life. And they molded their lives according to the custom and succeeded in all respect. Success in the Hereafter means that they will get complete rewards of their deeds.


    Before Islam, the Arabians were very poor. Camel-driving was their occupation. They had neither wealth, nor regular Army and nor sufficient quantity of eatables/drinkables. But when they admitted in Islam and acted upon the teachings of Holy Qur’aan whole heartedly, they succeeded in all fields of life. The earth kissed their feet and the sky threw upon them auspiciousness and kindnesses. God gave them all which was promised by Him. Today if we mold our lives according to the teachings of Holy Que’aan, this promise of success is also for us. And we shall succeed too in this life and on the Doomsday.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 6 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    As for the disbelievers, whether thou warn them or thou warn themnot it is all one for them; theybelieve not. ‘Innal-laziina kafaruu sawaaa-‘un ‘alay-him ‘a.’anzartahum ‘am lam tunzirhum laa yu’-minuun.




    Kafaruu – who deny, who refuse, who disagree. In the Divine Law of Religion he is infidel, who opposes and denies the Truth, who does not believe The God and His Messenger (peace be upon Him).


    where Allah Almighty has explained the success and ecstasy of  persons who depended on His guidance and succeeded, there it is also necessary to be discussed the result and condition of the infidels so that difference between the two may be cleared and the rank of pious and abstinent persons be enlightened.


    From this verse, now it is the beginning of the people who are totally opposite to the Believers, enemies of Islam, spend their energy, wealth and time against Islam. These people resist due to their infidelity in spite of the presence of so clear proofs. Ability to accept The GOD and Truth weakens due to successive opposing and denying, and at last goes to end entirely. In this condition frightening them from agony or not, are equal for The Messenger (peace be upon Him).


    Main desire of The Messenger (Peace be upon Him) was admission of all the people in Islamic circle. In this verse the fact has been told to The Messenger (peace be upon Him) that these people have destroyed their power of distinguishing and believing the Just.


    “Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for

    them; they believe not.” It is an announcement and declaration against the result of their chained enmity and refusal. This information is not in the shape of final Decision. Allah Almighty has put the virtue of accepting the Truth in each person. But the people who oppose the Truth due to their personal benefits, short-sightedness, Misleading or bad meeting/society, they waste slowly and gradually their power of accepting the Truth. So it is our duty that with the power of seeking Truth which we have naturally in our hearts; we should remain in search of Just and Truth. We should publicize the teachings of Truth and convey the Message of Truth to the servants of God with wisdom and graceful manner so that fear of God and softness may bear in their hearts. The persons, who have only a little ability to accept the Truth, reach them with possible sources.







    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


    Verse – 7 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

    Allah has sealed their hearts andtheir hearing, and on their eyesthere is a covering. Theirs willbe an awful doom. Khatamallaahu ‘alaa quluu-bihim wa ‘alaa sam-‘ihim.  wa ‘alaaa ‘absaarihim gishaawah.

    Wa lahum ‘azaabun ‘aziim.




    Khatama – (Sealed) means the result which grows due to constantly refusal and opposition of the Truth. Purpose to seal anything is, nothing could enter and nothing could go out of it which has been sealed. For example if the heart has been sealed, then neither the Truth can enter into it and nor boldness can remain to declare the good as agreeable talk.


    Quluu-bihim – (Their hearts). Heart does not mean a piece of flesh here but it is the will-power which is centre of the wisdom, the sense and the intention.


    Sam-‘ihim – (Their hearing), “Sama” means power of hearing, aims their ears.


    ‘Absaarihim – (Their eyes) (Power of looking)


    Ghishaawatun – Covering (to cover, to hide). Hear it means covering of negligence over eyes which look signs of the Truth but still resist accepting the facts.


    It is a universal law in this world that whenever any power does not bring into work or it is not activated, then at last it leaves its function. Same law is about the powers of looking and understanding, if they are kept un-functional constantly they will leave the function of looking and understanding the Truth.


    Sealing the hearts, hearing and covering the eyes of any body by Allah begin, whenever any person intentionally adapts infidelity and persists on it. Every person is given the right nature by Allah and it includes use of thinking power on the signs/marks of God. But whenever mankind misuses his considering powers and devises to follow the Satan changing his side from the teachings of The

    Messenger (Peace be upon Him), then he comes out of pity series

    of The Prophets (peace be upon Them) and help of God leaves him.

    Now he supposes the way of astray as the straight path.


    It is evident that as result of eating poison becomes cause of death, just like this changing one’s side from the orders of God intentionally becomes cause of spiritual death. As we have learnt earlier that life of mankind does not go to end after death but there will be also a second life, which will be result of this life. Constantly disobeying in this life will appear in the shape of a big agony as punishment.








    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Hypocrites’ Claim of Faith

    Verse – 8 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    And of mankind are some who say: We believe in Allah and the Last Day, when they believe not. Wa minan-naasi many-ya-quulu ‘aamannaa billaahi wa bil-Yawmil—‘Aakhiri wa maahum bi-mu’-miniin.




    Till now two kinds of people have been discussed in the Holy Qur’aan:

    1.      Obedient believers of the Law of God.

    2.      Infidels, who denied the law of God.


    Now third kind of persons will be mentioned here. These people are also enemy and opposition of Islam. But they hide their infidelity and enmity by deception which they have in their hearts, and claim faith on Islam. In the phrase of Holy Qur’aan they are called hypocrites. If a person proclaims goodness of Islam by his tongue but hides evil and infidelity in his heart, this is the hypocrisy.


    When Islam proclaimed fidelities of belief on Allah and belief on hereafter, it was necessary for him who wanted to become a Muslim, to agree on these both faiths. So out of the people of al-Madina, a special group declared themselves cheatingly about having believed on both faiths and wanted to join Muslims. They were included in Muslims but they were not sincere. It was necessary to escape from their deceit. So Holy Qur’aan informed the Muslims itself that they didn’t believe on these fidelities by heart. Therefore, Muslims should be cautious from these people.


    It seems that sign of hypocrite was claiming their faith on these fidelities by their tongue, but their hearts didn’t agree. If, today too, someone hasn’t same outward appearance and inward qualities, then he should calculate himself. As long the tongue and the heart are not alike, belief doesn’t produce, but this condition is of the hypocrisy.


    Companions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) calculated themselves always besides their nobility and excellence. That is why they were on higher degrees of belief and sincerity. Allah Almighty bestowed them higher ranks and favoured them with successes.


    When Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) migrated from Makkah to al-Madina, the people were preparing to make ‘Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salool’, a person of tribe ‘Khizraj’, as chief of the city. He was a clever and collusive person. On migration of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him), matter of crown-wearing ceremony was suspended. Every one wanted to make the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) the chief of al-Madina.


    Abdullah looked it but remained silent. He thought it advisability not to raise sound against Islam and Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him). So he became Muslim and his companions also. But they were waiting for occasion to leave Islam and opposing the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him).

    As the time was passing on, the effect of Islam was increasing. And jealousy of these people was also increasing. Their enmity was increasing too. So whenever they got chance they opposed Islam and deceived the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him). They proved themselves domestic enemies. Although they said prayers following the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) but opposed Islam. They built their separate mosque. Allah Almighty called that mosque “Masjid-i-Zrar”. They left the Muslims in the Battle of ‘Ohad’ at the time of encounter.


    Today also Islam has the greatest danger from that kind of Muslims. It means the people who apparently say the word “Islam”, choose their names like Muslims, live with Muslims. But they have infidelity in their hearts and for opposing the Muslims they get help from infidels.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Deceit of the Hypocrites

    Verse – 9 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    They think to beguile Allah andthose who believe, and they beguile none save themselves; but they perceive not. Yukhaadi-‘uunallaha wal-laziina ‘aamanuu. Wa maa yakhda-‘uuna ‘illaaa ‘anfusa-hum wa maa yash-‘uruun.




    Yukhaadi-‘uuna – (They deceive, beguile). It means to hide the evil thought in the heart and to show oneself a good fellow so that the other person may be deceived and keep him in delusion.


    ‘Anfusa-hum (Their bodies, spirits, souls)


    Wa maa yash-‘uruun. (They do not understand). This word is built from Sha’uur, according to Arabic language it means to understand, to guess. Here it aims internal perception. Intention is that they are fallen in self-delusion. But they do not know their folly.


    In the last lesson it was told about hypocrites that what they say with their tongues, their hearts do not accept, and what they keep in their hearts, they do not bring that on their tongue. They say themselves ‘Muslim’ to get favour and advantage from the Muslims or to escape themselves from their hold. In addition, it has been enlightened their form of this act in this lesson. They are committed in the crimes of deceit and cheat besides the infidelity. Their courage has been so increased opposing the Truth that according to their thoughts they are deceiving The God too. In the days of The last Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) they joined and attended the Muslim conferences and consultations, reinstated their confidence with Muslims and kept conspiracy with infidels secretly, told them the matters of Muslims and in the shape of friends stabbed in the backs of Believers.


    This act of Hypocrites is censurable particularly that they try to deceive the Believers. Keep someone in delusion and misleading becomes their religion. Not only the Believers, have they thought that they will succeed to deceive The God Almighty also. How much they are senseless, that the creature thinks to deceive his Creator. So Allah Almighty says in His Holy Book, Al-Qur’aan, that they do not understand, that has not decency of the Truth. They suppose the senselessness as intelligence and wisdom as folly.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Ailment of the Hypocrites

    Verse – 10 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    In their hearts is a disease, and Allah Increaseth their disease.A painful doom is theirs because they lie. Fii quluubihim-marazun, fazaada-humullaahu marazaa Wa lahum   ‘azaabun ‘aliimum, bimaa kaanu yakzibuun.




    Marazun – Disease. There are two kinds of diseases, bodily and spiritual. The bodily disease produces fault, defect or pain in the body. Spiritual disease enrages the manners and the spirit gets ailment. Here it is the talk about spiritual diseases of infidelity and hypocrisy which stop the human being from doing good deeds and preparing for the next life (after death). Here meanings of diseases are ailments of the spirit which prevents to achieve the excellences. For instance ignorance, jealousy, ill-will, love of property & wealth and telling a lie etc.


    Fa – (So) this particle indicates towards the talk about result and fruit of above mentioned diseases.


    Zaada – (Increased) means God increased their jealousy giving more victories and promotions to the Messenger (peace be upon Him) and the Muslims. The disease of enmity with Islam and jealousy with Muslims increased more in their hearts.


    ‘Azaabun ‘aliim – (Painful Doom/agony), they will be punished with a painful agony on the doomsday.


    Yakzibuun – (They tell a lie).


    In this verse the manners of Hypocrites are being enlightened more. They have ailment of infidelity and hypocrisy in their hearts which they have grown themselves. As the Muslims get promotions and victories, jealousy and ill-will increases in their hearts.


    Fazaada-humullaahu marazaa – (so Allah Increaseth their disease). It doesn’t mean that God Almighty has increased their infidelity and hypocrisy Himself, but it means that due to the result of their infidelity and hypocrisy Allah Almighty has increased their ailment. Due to their this manner the circumstances so changed, from which they took increase in their disease. If they had to use their sense just, they had to get guidance from these circumstances. As the result of disease lessens the bodily strength, like this the result of spiritual disease will be in the shape of Painful Agony on the Doomsday.










    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Mischievous Cleverness of Hypocrites

    Verse – 11 & 12 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    11. And when it is said untothem: Make not mischief in the earth, they say: We are peace-makers only.

    12. Beware! They indeed are

    the mischief-makers, but

    they perceive not.

    11. Wa ‘izaa qiila lahum laa tuf-siduu fil-‘arzi, qaaluuu ‘in-namaa nahnu muslihuun

    12. ‘Alaaa ‘innahum humul-mufsi-duuna walaakil-laa yash-‘uruun.




    Laa tuf-siduu – (Make not mischief), this word came out from the word Fasaad – (Quarrel; riot; disturbance; rebellion; war; sedition; mutiny). Here the meanings of “Make not mischief” are the sins which interrupt in the system. When these circumstances become usual, these interrupt in the peace of world and system of universe. Fasaad is a big crime according to the teachings of Islam.


    Muslihuun – (Peace-makers). This word has come out from Salaah which is opposite to Fasaad. With ‘Fasaad’ the system is damaged and with ‘Salaah’ the system is corrected.


    Another most mischievous cleverness of the Hypocrites is being mentioned in this verse. To remain on the bad manners and preaching for it is a big crime in the Divine’s Law and the Hypocrites did it. Now they have started spreading Fasaad also including creation of mismanagement. Behind the screen conspiracy and showing themselves as friends; enmity became their habituated. Heart disease overcame on the Hypocrites so much that they forgot distinguish between good and bad. Whenever they are instructed not to make mischief with this mode of their acts in the country, they say, “We are peace-makers only. But indeed they are mischief-makers. How it is a big mischief that Infidels get supposing due to their hypocrisy, “there is no excellence/beauty in Islam because being Muslims these people are still involved in the sins.” On the other hand they tempt deceiving the Muslims. They claim themselves as Muslims but have not fear of God in their hearts. Due to their behaviour, there is a risk that others will also forget the Fear.


    It is found now that good behaviour grows between the people with the Truth, which becomes cause of peace-making in the world. And hypocrisy interrupts in the management of the world. When a person reaches at this stage and does not understand his weakness, ruin seizes him. His wisdom and internal perception ends.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Folly of Hypocrites

    Verse – 13 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    And when it is said unto them:Believe as the people believe, they say: shall we believe as the foolish believe? Beware! They indeed are the foolish but they know not. Wa ‘izaa qiila lahum ‘aa-minuu kamaaa ‘aamanan-naasu qaaluuu ‘a-nu’-minu kamaaa’aa-manas-sufahaaa’. Alaaa ‘innahum hu-mu-sufahaaa-‘u wa laakil-laa ya’-lamuun.




    An-naas – (The people), The particular people who believe and do not deceive anyone in the matter of faith.


    As-sufahaaa’ –  (The foolish), The people who are known as foolish, stupid, silly or nonsense.


    Another habit of the Hypocrites is being discussed in this verse. When they are addressed, “Believe! As the true Muslims believe whole heartedly with purity and sincerity” they reply, “shall we believe as the foolish believe? As it were the Believers are foolish according to their opinion. Near to the Hypocrites, the Muslims want to excel the Truth over a great majority of the infidelity which is entirely impossible. These Hypocrites of Madina were very proud due to their power and strength. They had faith that the poor, strangers and refugee Muslims would not be able to stay against them. They thought that Islam is a game for a few days which will be over automatically. So the people, who are entering into it, are indolent from its end and careless from their benefits.


    Reply to their so saying Allah Almighty commands, “Beware! They indeed are the foolish but they know not”, because the Truth however will overcome. And the deceiver hypocrites will lose forever.


    It is known at last, that the Hypocrites do not believe on the day of Resurrection. So there is much need of providence to believe on the Day of Resurrection. Some quantity of the pleasure of this world would have to be left for the ease of the second life, which will begin immediately after death, believing on the Doomsday. Hypocrites do not think about the End. They remain careless from the gain and loss which will be forever. So they are the foolish and blockhead.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Mocking of Hypocrites

    Verse – 14 & 15 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    14. And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they go apart to their devils they declare: Lo! We are with you; verily we did but mock.

    15. Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander blindly on in their contumacy.

    14. Wa ‘izaa laqul-laziina ‘aamanuu qaaluu ‘aamannaa. Wa ‘izaa khalaw ‘ilaa shayaatiini-him, qaaluu ‘innaa ma—‘akum, ‘innamaa nahnu mus-tahzi-‘uun.

    15. ‘Allaahu yas-tahzi-‘u bi-him wa yamuddu-hum fii tug-yaanihim ya’-mahuun.




    Shayaatiini-him – (Their devils), The word ‘Shaitaan’ has vast meanings in Arabic language. Mischievous and contumacious are also called devils. It is applied on the human beings and demons (ghosts) who have the nature of devils. In this verse ‘Shayaatiini-him’ means the Leaders of the Hypocrites who had become devils due to their mischief and contumacy.


    Mus-tahzi-‘uun – (We mock), ridicule by imitating.


    Tug-yaanihim – (in their contumacies)


    Ya’-mahuun – (wandering blindly). Here it means the condition of a person in which he may not see the straight path and wanders hither and thither blindly. Another stubbornness of the Hypocrites is mentioned here that they being two faced deceived the people. When they met the Muslims, deceiving

    them and winning their favour said, “ We also believed”. But when they went near their leaders in solitude, said: “We are with you, we deceive the Muslims. They are follies and simpletons. They tell their secrets considering us true and inform about their intentions and plans.”


    Replying them Allah Almighty turned their mock back to them.

    Following proverb may be applied here, “As you sow, so shall you reap”.God Almighty has left them on so much in the worst condition that they are wandering blindly in their contumacies and struggling in the dark without Light of the Holy Qur’aan.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Astray and Loser

    Verse – 16 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    These are they who purchaseerror at the price of guidance, so

    their commerce doth not prosper,

    neither are they guided.

    ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtara-wuz-zalaalata bilhudaa: famaa rabihat-tijaaratuhum ‘wa ‘maa kaanuu muhtadiin.




    Ishtara-wu – (They purchase) to get exchange with the other. This

    word is used  for the both ‘buy’ and ‘sell’. Hypocrites have power of choice to accept the Belief. But they choose the way of infidelity and hypocrisy.


    Maa rabihat – (Do not prosper).


    Result of hypocrisy is stated in this lesson that these people go astray leaving the path of guidance. It means that the hypocrites extinguished the Light of humanity due to which every person can get comfort of Eternal Life and goodness. The guidance they had to get, forgot it and grew in themselves bad habits and evil manners. They thought themselves that they had tried to strike a good bargain. Saying oneness of God from their mouths, keeping infidelity in their hearts and being glad on these deeds, how a good wonderful bargaining?


    God Almighty commands that they are losers in this bargaining. They achieved casual and sensual, destroyable advantages spending their entire life. If they would have achieved the comfort of their Eternal Lives was spending their casual lives and wealth in the way of God Almighty, which was a good bargaining. But they have destroyed also their real capital.


    This depravity and lose of hypocrites is the result of their deeds which have been discussed in the previous verses (lessons).






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    First Likeness Of The Hypocrites

    Verse – 17 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    17.   Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see. 17.   Masaluhum kamasa-lillazistawqada naaraa. Falammaaa ‘azaaa-’at maa hawlahuu zahaballaahu bi-nuurihim wa tarakahum fii zulumaatil-laa yubsiruun.




    Masaluhum – (Their likeness). Likeness means an old famous event

    which corresponds to any present event and due to its fame the people may understand it quickly and it becomes helpful also for explanation of the present event.


    Zulumaat – (Plural of darkness).


    In the years of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) there were two

    kinds of Hypocrites:


    1.   Those, who were the vital enemies of Islam, but they claimed to be the sympathizers and friends of the Muslims with their tongues.


    2.   Those Hypocrites who were weak due to their temperament and were neither supporters, nor they opposed Islam. In which side they found their advantage, they put themselves to that side.

    These two types of hypocrites are explained in the Holy Quran. In this verse example of first type of hypocrites is being explained.


    Example of these people is like a man who lit the fire in the darkness.

    From the light of fire all things around him became bright and he became capable to recognize the difference between profitable and harmful things. But suddenly God snatched his eye-sight. Now he could not see anything while surroundings of him were bright. Just like blinds he is wandering hither and thither and can not get advantages of the Brightness.


    This example proves fit for the Hypocrites. Before Islam they were

    Surrounding in the darkness of infidelity, there was no distinction between good end evil for them. Then candle of Islam was enlightened and they started getting advantages from it, but suddenly all opportunities which they were availing due to Islam, were snatched. Their original face came in front of Muslims. And they did not remain capable to deceive the Muslims. Some of them leaned towards evil leaving the Truth and some were forfeited to get advantage from the Light of Islam due to their personal means. The light of Islam became useless for them in these three conditions and darkness spread everywhere.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Outcome Of The Hypocrites

    Verse – 18 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    18.    Deaf, dumb and blind,and they return not. 18.   Summum- bukmun ‘umyun fahum laa yarji-‘uun.




    Summun – (Deaf; hard of hearing; inattentive). Although the Hypocrites apparently were not deaf but they were called deaf because they did not listen true advices of Islam and rejected them. They listened and show that they have not listened as if they were deaf and did not listen.


    Bukmun – (Dumb; speechless; mute). Even they had tongues but turned away asking the true advices and did not accept the Truth as though they were dumb and had not tongue in their mouths.


    Umyun –    (Blind; unable to see) (plural of Aa’ma). It means blind persons. They were called blind because having their eye-sights they had seen the signs of Allah but didn’t accept.


    In this verse outcome of deeds of the hypocrites is being explained.

    As after appearing the light of Islam they still adopted the darkness of infidelity. Due to worldly advantages, personal means and carnal desires they didn’t distinguish between good and bad. As according to the natural rule, if the hand is put in fire it burns, similarly because of their perversity and intentionally depravity, their all forces of recognizing the Truth were lost.  Infidelity came over them. They lost the Light of Islam. Allah plundered their Light because of their evil deeds and they went astray in darkness.


    It was the result of not distinguishing between good and bad that having ears they could not listen to the sounds of Truth. Their tongues became dumb due to not asking the right path from anyone. Their eyes became blind due to not seeing the light of Islam. And signs of Allah didn’t affect them.

    Openly there are three ways to get knowledge: ear, tongue and eye. Sometime a man gets knowledge by listening, Sometime by asking from someone and sometimes by looking other things by his eyes. But a hypocrite loses his all these three powers due to his revengefulness and haughtiness. And now neither he listens to the sound of any guide, nor asks true knowledge and nor gets any affect seeing signs of the Truth. And now there is no hope of his returning from infidelity to Islam or from darkness to light.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Second Likeness of Hypocrites

    Verse – 19a of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    19. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash of lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for fear of death. 19. ‘Aw kasayyi-bim-minas-samaaa-‘i fiihi zulumaatunw- wa ra’-dunw- wa barq. Yaj-‘aluuna ’asaabi-‘ahum fiii ‘aa-zaani-him- minas-sawaa-‘iqi ha-zaral-mawt.




    Kasayyi-bin – (Like a rainstorm). Heavy rains.


    As-samaaa-i – (The skies). It means exaltations. Every lofty thing which may be either clouds or skies will come in it.


    As you have read in a previous lesson that there were two types of hypocrites, first type of the people who were severe enemies of Islam by heart but they claimed as Muslims apparently.


    In this verse second type of hypocrites is being explained. They neither enter in Islam whole heartedly and nor leave it due to their weak temperament. But they remain immersed in doubt and perplexity, and can’t make final decision. Likeness of these types of hypocrites is given with heavy rains. There are a lot of benefits in it, barren land becomes fertile, crops move about, canals and streamlets begin to flow. But along with it thunder of clouds which get tremble the hearts and flash of lightening which causes to be dazzled the eyes begins. Very dark darkness spreads over every thing. But still none is enemy of the rains although these happenings.


    Islam came with blessing like rains but there are also some difficulties and punctuality with it like prayers, fasting, alms (zakaat), pilgrimage, try and strive and other restrictions/orders of Allah Almighty. The Hypocrites neglect and fear from these restrictions.

    Whenever these people saw advantages of Islam, they ran towards it but when the time came to sacrifice, they kept back. Would that these people might have left their doubts, got one way and passed their lives for Islam.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Powerlessness of The Hypocrites

    Verse – 19b of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    And Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance). Wallaahu muhiitum-bil-kaafiriin.




    Muhiitun – (Encompassed, circumscribed). Here it means that God has circumscribed them with His Knowledge, His Nature and His Divinity.


    As the both types of Hypocrites have been discussed earlier:


    1.   Those people who are eternal enemies of Islam by their hearts but they say themselves ‘believers’ and claim to be patrons of the Muslims.


    2.   The people who are naturally weak by temperament, cowardice and un- ambitious. They accept impression of that assembly which they attend. If they sit with Muslims, listen their preaching and invitation, look their dignity and success then being terrified enter into Islam. But when they lie down in any trial or difficulty then they return towards infidelity. They are afraid of labour and death.


    At the end of this verse that Allah Almighty is howsoever encompassing these Hypocrites, they run away from Islam only for the sake of saving themselves from labour and death. But God Almighty has complete power and dignity upon them. So how can they protect themselves from death? Islam claims that they should leave carnal deliciousness and false passions. They should offer their wealth and lives in the path of God. They should bear difficulties and calamities.


    They do not want to hear the verses of Agony and anguish. And go away being very inattentively but they can not escape from the Hold of God. Try to protect themselves from seizure of Sole Commander is only folly and proof of stupidity. God gives them only delay and produces the opportunities to understand. When their length of time will end then any power of the world and their any best friend will not be able to save them from fury of God. He knows their all activities including the secrets which they have hidden in their chests and He has containing Divinity over them. He has power to punish anyone, any time as He wishes.


    As thunder-bolt, glaze and thunder of lightening be in rain, like this hardness, labour, poverty and difficulties exist in Islam for trial but resultantly they succeed in both the worlds i.e. this life and on the Day of Resurrection. So mankind should not run away from Islam due to fear of these calamities, moreover he should stand firm on it. If a mankind wishes to run away from the calamities he can not escape from Allah Almighty.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Perplexity of Hypocrites & Their Threat

    Verse – 20 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

    The lightening almost snatched away their sight from them. As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein, and when it darkneth against them they stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo! Allah is able to do all things. Yakaadul-barqu yakhtafu ‘absaarahum. Kullammaaa ‘azaaa-‘a lahum- mashaw fiihi, wa ‘izaaa ‘azlama ‘alayhim qaamuu. Wa law shaaa-‘al-laahu  lazahaba bisam-‘ihim wa’absaarihim ‘Innallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- qadiir.




    Yakhtafu – (Snatch, put out the hand suddenly and take away). Here it means ‘to be dazzled of eyes’. Overcoming, power and magnificence of Islam are sufficient to snatch their eyes and inspire with awe over their hearts.


    Condition of the second kind of Hypocrites is being discussed in this verse with more explanation and detail. In the previous verse instance of ‘the rain’ was given to disclose their nature that they pounce towards their advantages. But if they would have to do some labour or bear some loss then they get rid of the situation.


    The rain becomes cause of many advantages for the mankind. But when they look thunder-bolt and glare in it, they cram their fingers into their ears and try to escape from it and deny from advantages of the rain. They do not understand that if someone has to sacrifice something and he has to be overtaken in some trial for the cause of betterment and prosperity, he should not fear from it.


    This fact enlightens from it that comfort and calamity exist collected always. If we sacrifice our lives, wealth and children on the way of Allah then surely success and betterment will become our fortune as the reward of sacrifice. This behaviour is not right at all that we run behind our advantages but when the time comes for our trial, we keep ourselves back. Allah Almighty does not like this.


    Explanation regarding Hypocrites was begun in the beginning of this section which has been ended here. God Almighty gave the powers of hearing and looking to the mankind. But the Hypocrites applied these powers to get casual advantages and to complete sensual wishes. They closed their ears and eyes completely from looking and hearing the signs of God. They misused these powers instead of using them for the right purpose.


    Now God Almighty warns them that if they will not leave this behaviour, these powers will be snatched from them. Although they close their eyes from looking the glare of lightening due to the fear of death because their eyes are dazzled, they cram their fingers into their ears and try to escape from listening thunder-bolt of lightening and death. God may snatch their eye-sight and hearing power at any time wishing they how much try to save themselves.


    God blessed the mankind all powers of thinking, hearing and looking but whenever he does not use them according to the Divine Law, he should have feared every time that Allah Almighty some where may not snatch. If He delays in snatching for some time, the mankind should not be fearless because punishment may be delayed by Him. It is possible that He has delayed intentionally or it is due to His kindness.


    A person has eyes and ears but till without the will and mood of God both things can not become able to work. He can forfeit the man from using powers of the organs, if He wishes. Having eyes he may not look, having ears he may not hear and it is not impossible from His Divinity. He has established rules, time and causes for management of this world. He can finish at once all the infidels, hypocrites and deniers but due to established customs they get delay so that they abstain. Despite of it if they do not shun, His calamity thus comes upon them that as they have not ever thought. So this result existed in the cases of mostly Hypocrites.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Claim of Worship & Prohibition from Plurality

    Verse – 21 & 22 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    21.  O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).

    22.  Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).

    21. Yaaa-‘ayyu-han-naasu’-buduu Rabba-kumullazii, khalaqa-kum wallaziina min, qablikum la-‘allakum tattaquun.

    22.  ‘Allazii ja-‘ala lakumul-‘arza firaa-shanw- was-samaaa-‘a binaaa’aa Wa ‘anzala minas-samaaa-‘i maaa-‘an- fa-‘akh-raja bihii minas-sama-raati rizqal-lakum. Falaa taj-‘aluu  lil-laahi ‘andaadanw-wa ‘antum ta’-lamuun.




    Tattaquun – You may ward off (evil). Your habit of living with care and having fear of God in your hearts may become strong. It is called abstinence.


    An-naasu – Mankind, people. It is the first time in Holy Qur’aan (in this verse) that God Almighty has claimed and addressed the people with the words ‘O mankind! As if He has claimed from all the mankind to worship Him.


    U’-buduu – Worship, pray. It’s mean to obey the Orders of God with humility and respectfully which is called worship and obedience. Prayer, Fasting, Zakaat (Alms), and Pilgrimage are vital parts of worship but worship does not end on only these parts. Also it belongs to entire life.


    In the beginning of this Surah good manners of temperate were explained and were told that guidance is for those people who have fear of God in their hearts. After the explanation of Sobers, condition of Infidels was discussed and then remarks on Hypocrites were cleared. Now all the Human Beings are addressed because after the mention of above three types of mankind, fondness to become a Sober really should have been grown in the person. So root path of having fear of God is now being cleared.


    Here calling all the people it has been told that real foundation of all the Orders and Fidelities of Islam is to recognize the Lord. First cause to bear the mankind is that he should seek his Lord, he should recognize Him from His open signs, he should worship only Him and ask Him for success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection because He created the mankind, He brought up His creature in each time and taught the human being the ways of promotion according to their abilities. The first sign of the Lord is that He created to you and all of them who have expired before you. Only from this acquaintance the path of fearing from God opens. God has no personal advantage on worshipping Him. But the mankind has a lot of advantages from it. Worship removes distress of fancies of the human being. And he gets opportunity to engage the attention towards realities.


    Firaa-shan – Resting-place. God has appointed the earth as our resting-place because He is the Creator of all the creatures.


    ‘Andaadan – Rivals, partners, co-sharers, confederates. Allah Almighty is alone. There is none His plural or partner, so the mankind should not set up rivals to Him.


    In this verse it is stated that the virtue of God to create works in the earth or mother’s womb and the person can not see it. So other virtues which are open are explained so that every person younger or older may think about it.


    To keep in existence the mankind, produce causes for its existence and to carry the life of mankind to its last stage gradually, is only in the powers of his Lord ‘God Almighty’. Here it is told that He is Lord of the mankind and He has collected all sources to keep him in existence after his birth. In this connection following things come in front of us for meditation:-


    1.   The earth on which we live and move, it is the resting place spread by God.

    2.   The sky which has been put over the heads of mankind by the God like canopy of tent and which is the best source of light.

    3.   For arrangement of food and water for daily use of mankind, produces fruits of different colors by showering down the rains from skies, which the mankind eats and drinks water. So it is proved that the mankind is indigent of the Lord to remain alive.

    So he should understand the Worshipped to that Lord. It is also told in this verse that the Lord Who has all these virtues, His name is Allah Almighty. The mankind should not make any partner or co-sharer of Allah. In this verse the God after admonishing and telling the mankind His blessings and pities ordered to Worship Him and also made him to understand the acquaintance of Him, so that to worship Him after knowing Him. Without acquaintance the worshipper can not get the fear of God in his heart.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Claim of Truth and Challenge of Holy Qur-‘an

    Verse – 23 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    And if ye are in doubt concerningthat which We have revealed untoOur slave  (Muhammad), thenproduce a Surah of the like thereof , and call your witnesses beside Allah if ye are  truthful. Wa ‘in- kuntum fii ray-bim-mimmaa nazzal-naa ‘alaa ‘Abdinaa fa’-tuu bi-Suuratim-mim, mis-lih. Wad-‘uu shuha-daaa- ‘akum- min- duunillaahi ‘in- kuntum saadi-qiin.




    Nazzal-naa – We revealed. The Speech (Holy Qur’aan) was revealed on Muhammad ‘the Last Prophet’ (peace be upon Him) from Allah Almighty through Gabriel Angel (compliments on Him).


    Mis-lihii – Like this. In this word it is pointed out towards both the excellent meanings of Holy Qur’aan, ‘literal’ as well as ‘significant’. Dictation is so easy that every body can understand easily. Intention is discussed beautifully, entire and complete. Second large excellence of the Holy Qur’aan is that every person ‘male’ and ‘female’ have been taught the method of living. If the person moves on this true path he/she will get success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection. If any infidel is in doubt that this is not the Speech of God, it is only a talk of any person then he should try to bring any one surah like this which has both the excellences as mentioned above. If not so then he should accept that the Holy Qur’aan is speech of God. And no body can make any book like this without any doubt, if someone wishes, he may include the entire world in this work he is free.


    Shuha-daaa- ‘akum – Your witnesses. Call the people to witness your claim that you have written the answer of this Surah and they verify you.


    In the previous verses Allah Almighty told that He is the Creator of all the human beings and sets up them. So He is the Worshipped only. It was necessary to prove the prophet-hood of the Messenger (Peace be upon Him) so that it might be clear to the human beings that the Holy Qur’aan which was bestowed to the Messenger is Speech of God. Due to this reason after the announcement of Oneness of God, invitation for acceptance of prophet-hood was given. And it was told the people that if they had doubt in the truth of Prophet, and they presume that the Holy Qur’aan is not the speech of God (we seek shelter of Allah) then they produce and show any speech like this. All the nations and their scholars tried to do so but they could neither do so and nor they would be able to do so.


    Holy Qur’aan is proof of truth itself. It is the claim of Holy Qur’aan that if any body does not accept it as the Speech of God, he should produce any speech like this.


    God commanded in one verse of Holy Qur’aan, “prepare and produce ten surahs like Holy Qur’aan”. On other place, “Bring only three like this”, and in this Surah, “if not, produce at least one Surah like this. You can call and collect your all friends to try, but it is the only condition that your speech would have all those excellences which are held in the Speech of God and your speech would affect the life of human being like the Surahs of Holy Qur’aan”.


    Before Islam the Arab nation kept back from other nations in many matters. Morally she had lost essence of humanity. Socially and economically they were at the stage of limitless low. Politically they had not wisdom entirely. They were plain from the conception of religion. Really they were brave but due to ignorance and bigotry they became idiots and oppressors.


    God Almighty revealed this Speech on the last Messenger (Peace be upon Him) and with its source this nation became spiritual guide of the entire world. The Messenger (Peace be upon Him) did not remain ever pupil of any teacher out of human beings. He (Peace be upon Him) did not know reading and writing absolutely. He (Peace be upon Him) did not has information regarding any outer part of the world. The people of His (Peace be upon Him) country were illiterate and they were proud of being illiterates.


    With the Speech of God the Illiterate Prophet (Peace be upon Him) carried His illiterate and ignorant nation on the steps of improvement and perfection that there is no comparison in the history of world. These Arabian became guides of the nations of world in morality, spiritualism, sociology, economics, politics, sovereignty, religion, means every part of life.


    In the history of one thousand four hundred years of Islam any scholar or learned could not accept this challenge of Holy Qur’aan. Ibn maqna’ tried boundless in the era of Caliph Haroon Rasheed and after him, before some centuries the scholars and writers of Lebanon but they could not write the answer of seven verses of “The Opening” (Surah al-Faatihah).





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Helplessness of Adversary & Glad for Orthodox

    Verse – 24 & 25a of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    24.  And if ye do it not and ye can never do it, then guard yourself against the Fire prepared for disbelievers whose fuel is of men and stones.

    25.  And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow.

    24.  Fa-‘illam- taf-‘aluu wa lan-taf-‘aluu fattaqun-Naarallatii wa-quudu-han-naasu wal-hijaa-ratu ‘u-‘iddat lil-Kaafiriin.

    25.  Wa bashshi-rillaziina ‘aa-manuu wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati ‘anna lahum jannaatin- tajrii min-tahtihal-‘anhaar.




    Wa-quudu-han-naasu wal-hijaa-ratu – Its fuel is of men and stones. It is earmarked towards Fire of the Hell which will be much vigorous. It will also burn the stones in addition to the human beings. As though the Idols of stones will also become fuel of it, may it be that hint of Al-Hijaa-ratu is towards stony or hard-hearted human-beings.


    In the previous lesson the adversary people were invited for competition with Holy Qur’aan. Now they are being told, “if you are unable to compete and we say that you shall not be able, then now it is clear that it is the Speech of God”. And it is evident that the Messenger (Muhammad) (Peace be upon Him) is the True Prophet. Now if you do not have faith on Prophet-hood of ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) and do not act upon the commands of Holy Qur’aan, it shall be the Base of Hell’s Agony. So you should arrange to escape from it because the Fire of Hell is not the normal fire. But that is the Fire of which men and stones will become its fuel. And this Fire is prepared for them who contradict the commands of Islam, Prophet-hood of Muhammad (peace be upon Him), Truth of the Divine percepts of Islam and purity of Holy Qur’aan.

    Some more talks have also been cleared from this verse:

    1.   The matter in which enemies of Islam particularly “the Quresh” claimed, “purity of the words and admonish the meanings easily”, made them humble in it and it was proved that this Speech was of the God.

    2.   The false gods which the people have adopted instead of the One God (Allah Almighty) and pray them for boons, those all were refuted.

    3.  Punishment of infidelity was fixed the Hell.


    We should not have any doubt in Truth of the Holy Qur’aan, purity of Islam, truth and honesty of the Messenger ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) because if all the mankind try collectively to write any one small surah like Surahs of the Holy Qur’aan, they can not bring (in which all those excellences must be present which are held in this Speech). Some of those excellences are: pure words, eloquence and rhetoric, preaching of good manners, explain the meanings excellently, material for relief and guidance of all the people, instructions for the mankind in all the matters of difficulties and problems, equally useful for all the nations of the world etc.


    ‘Aa-manuu – They believe. Those people who have not any doubt in Divinity of the God, Prophet-hood of the Messenger ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) and truth of Holy Qur’aan.


    Wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati – (do good works). The works which are according to the guidance of Holy Qur’aan and the Messenger (peace be upon Him), pure from badness and crookedness.

    In this verse good tidings have been given to those who believe and do good works that they will go in the Gardens (Paradise) in which all facilities of comfort and pleasure will be present. The rivers of cool and flavored water will be flowing in them.


    Now it has been cleared that to become rightful of the Heaven and for entering into it two excellences are necessary for the human being. (1) There might be no doubt in his heart regarding God and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). (he should understand that his worshipped, Lord and Master is Allah Almighty, promise that the Messenger of God (Peace be upon Him) is true, believe that the Holy Qur’aan is the Speech of God and have faith on the Day of Resurrection). (2)  His all deeds would be according to the commands of Holy Qur’aan and instructions of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). He should not leave any that work which has been ordered and instructed as mentioned above. He should not do any prohibited work.


    We have reached on this point with the Summary of this verse that Paradise can not be gotten only with the good works. Belief and faith are also necessary with good works and just like this good works are necessary with the belief.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Feasts of Paradise

    Verse – 25 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    25.  And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow. (next to last)As often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: This is what was given us aforetime and it is given to them in resemblance. Therefor them are pure companions and therein they abide for ever. 25.  Wa bashshi-rillaziina ‘aa-manuu wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati ‘anna lahum jannaatin- tajrii min-tahtihal-‘anhaar.

    Kullamaa ruziquu minhaa min-samaratir-rizqan, qaaluu haazallazii ruziqnaa min-qablu, wa ‘utuu bihii mutashaabihaa. Wa lahum fiihaaa ‘azwaa-jum-mutah-harah, wa hum fiihaa khaaliduun.




    Mutah-harah – (Pure). It aims that the companions (wives/husbands) who will be favoured to each person in the Paradise they will be pure and clear in all respect. They will be away from the filth of body and soul.


    Khaaliduun – (For ever). They will remain in the Paradise for ever and will not come out of it.


    In this verse God discussed about the rewards which will be given to the Believers and Pious persons. Usually a person needs a fine and well furnished house for living, delicious and tasteful meals for eating and drinking, pure, beautiful and pious companions, rest and comfort for ever. The person would not have any fear of ‘to be snatched’, expire of above mentioned favours. Also he/she would have faith that they will get advantages always from these things.


    The God Almighty promised with the Believers like these things. The people who will believe on Oneness of God, His Angels, His Holy Books, His Prophets (Peace be upon Them), be alive again on the Day of Resurrection, good or bad luck with the direction of God and will act upon the commands of God and His last Messenger (Peace be upon Him) they will be favoured with these things after their departure from this world. They will live in the beautiful gardens. For eating they will be served with different types of fruit, which by shape will be like the fruit of this world but by taste, relish and fragrance those will be much superior to this world’s fruit.


    Because the Paradise is the home of each type of material and spiritual pleasures and comforts so it will be their fortune that their companions will be pure, clean and clear. There they will not have any fear that their any pleasure or comfort will be lessen or withdrawn from them. But God Almighty will give them faith that these all favours are for ever for them, they would not have any fear of snatching any thing in their hearts. They are lucky who are rightful of that Paradise.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects

    Verse – 26 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude of a gnat or even anything above that. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; and those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby. And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants. ‘Innallaaha laa yastah-yiii ‘any-yazriba masalam-maa ba-‘uuzatan- famaa fawqahaa. Fa-‘ammallaziina ‘aamanuu fa-ya’-lamuuna ‘annahul-Haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa ‘ammal-laziina kafaruu fayaquuluuna maazaaa’araadallaahu bihaa-zaa masa-laa. Yuzillu bihii kasiiranw-, wayahdii bihii kasiiraa. Wa maa yu-zillu bihiii ‘illal-Faasi-qiin.




    Fawqahaa – (Above that) More lean and ignoble thing than above.

    In the previous verses disbelievers were invited to prove the truth of Holy Qur’aan that if they consider it is not the Speech of God, they produce the speech like this. But they could neither reply till to-date and nor they will till the Day of Resurrection. In this condition of helplessness they could not do anything. However they tried to find out and said that how is it an extraordinary that The God having too much high position and greatness gives similitude of so contemptible and lean things?

    It is true that in the Holy Qur’aan bigger creatures are also mentioned on different places along with the smaller, animals like on one side the elephants, camels and horses etc and on the other hand ant, fly and mosquito etc. To make the people understand the God has discussed similes of these animals. As somewhere He says that idols of infidels are too weak and helpless to create a fly. But when a fly or mosquito sits on their faces they can not let it fly. Somewhere He says that religion of Infidels is weak like spider’s web. Hearing these like similes some Infidels began to say that God of Muslims speaks so strange (we seek refuge in Allah) that He does not hesitate to give instances of so small things. God replied on their criticism in this verse.


    Simile means the thing for which example is given, be impressed upon mind by explaining widely and illuminating. Now that simile will be the best which fulfills this intention, wishing that thing is much customary or small itself. Mosquito is a too much ignoble and unimportant creature. Now where there is need to explain unreality of idols or any other creature, there will be appropriate example of mosquito. Criticizing against it is a folly and immaturity.


    Summary of above verse is that Allah Almighty does not hesitate to give example of mosquito or smaller thing than it. Because purpose to give example is to explain anything. The example will be given like something is. There is nothing to hesitate or take bad with it.

    The Believers take this example as true and proper explainer and consider it right from the God. But Infidels laugh at these examples and taunt critically that what Allah Almighty means by giving these types of examples?


    The Believers have faith on being worshipped of God Almighty and Truth of Hadrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). They consider it their first duty to admit the orders of God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him)) and to act on them. Therefore, if God Almighty explains any simile, they try to understand its true meanings. They do not care that the similitude is of what sort itself? Is it customary or have some importance? Is there an explanation of either any superior or inferior thing. Though they think about its true meaning and learn from it.


    The Infidels refuse God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). They do not have any interest to find the Right. They just keep watching the secrets in the verses or to find out faults. So whenever Allah Almighty explains simile for their consideration in spite of trying to understand its true meanings, they begin to raise unreasonable questions on it.


    From this verse we have learnt that the Believers and the people who have good moral character are those who think about the similitude explained by Allah Almighty. They try to understand and do not use crooked arguments in it.


    Faasi-qiin – (Miscreants). According to the Divine’s Law who gets out from the obedience of God, disobeys and indulges in sins.

    There are many ways to reach the destination in the world but out of these all there is only one way which can be straight. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and granted sense to the mankind. Not only this, although He sent messages through Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Then) for guidance. After this the mankind is empowered to choose a way which he wants. Now if a person, getting advantage of freedom chooses a wrong way then he falls in evil. And when he adopts evil at his own then other accessories of that way are provided. As putting hand into the fire gets burnt like this when a person adopts a wrong path then evils and harms increase gradually.


    According to this verse due to similes of Allah Almighty some people go astray because of their reasoning absurdly and arguments. They do not think about purpose of these examples, although they waste their powers of thinking on criticizing against it. Immoral means miscreants, who run behind their evil desires and do not listen to any talk easily which may prevent them from their bad habits.


    At the end of the verse God Almighty explains it more clearly that this astray comes to them who want to go astray. Allah Almighty does not attach astray upon anyone, although his heart leaves out due to his disobedience knowingly and repeatedly. Search for the truth and demand of the Right do not remain. Absurd and lie attach with heart. Though astray is the result of disobedience and evil.








    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Who Go Astray

    Verse – 27 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined and (who) make mischief in the earth, Those are they who are the losers. ‘Allaziina yanqu-zuuna ‘Ah-dallaahi mim-ba’-di mii-saaqihii, wa yaqta-‘uuna maaa ‘amarallaahu bihiii ‘any-yuu-sala wa yufsiduuna fil-‘arz ‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul-khaa-siruun.




    ‘Ah-da – (Covenant) To act upon the Spoken words after speaking them becomes necessary. Covenant of God means that The God is our Lord and we believe to obey the covenant of God. God asked from all the mankind collectively before sending them in this world, “Am I not your Lord”? All the mankind ratified, “Yes! You are our Lord”. Then God commanded, “I make witness to the earth and sky. And to remind you this covenant that I shall send My Messengers (Peace be upon Them). Hazrat Abi bin Ka’ab (Compliments on Him) said that the meaning of the Covenant of God is this covenant in this verse. Besides the covenant of the Day of Eternity there is some other covenant in which nature of mankind is present. Then there are other covenants also present which were done by having faith on the Prophets (Peace be upon Them) and are done with the pious on the name of God.


    It has been being discussed from the previous verse that adulterers and disobedient people become victim of depravity. Now causes of their depravity are being mentioned:


    •       They break the covenant after ratifying with God. To believe that Allah is my Master, my Worshipped and my Lord is a very simple talk and the sense of the mankind wishes itself that he should not believe on any other thing as his Lord but God.


    •       Other token is that the miscreant breaks each type of that relationship to which God has commanded to unite. It means that the person should perform and complete all the Rights of God and which are due on him in accord with relationship with the mankind. But the miscreant becomes undutiful and ungrateful.


    •       Third mark of the fornicator is that he spreads disturbance in the country. He creates mischief in the peace of world.


    After pointing out towards above three signs the God has told their end that these people will go astray regarding the religion and the world. God Almighty save us from their evil and bring us towards the straight path.








    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    How You Disbelieve In God

    Verse – 28 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you! Then He will give  you death, then life again, and then unto Him ye will return. Kayfa takfuruuna billaahi wa kuntum ‘am-waatan- fa- ‘ahyaakum. Summa yumiitukum summa yuhyiikum summa ‘ilay—hi turja-‘uun.



    Turja-‘uun – You will be returned. This word discloses the fact that human being does not end forever after his death. Moreover he will be given life again and he will be present in front of God Almighty.


    The Messengers (Peace be upon Them) of Allah Almighty came towards all the nations of world and in the each corner of the earth. They all had the same message that God is one, He is the real Worshipped of all and He is actual Lord, life and death is in His Power.


    He is the God Who created the earth as bed, the rivers flew in it so that the earth may become green and lush, and crops move about. He produced the mountains on it, grew vegetation and minerals, Erected the sky without pillars, Created the sun, the moon and the stars, from which someone can look the path in the dark nights. He is Who has given us life and provided materials for our improvement.


    Consider it well also that there was a time when there was not any sign of human beings. Each side of the world was silent. He gave life to the human being. Human being spent his life here for many years. The person took advantage from His creatures. Then a time will come when all the human beings will die who will be present at that time. After it these human beings and other persons who had expired before them will get life by the Orders of Allah. Then all the human beings will appear before the God.


    Power of giving Life and death is in the God’s hands. When last time of life comes for anyone, no body can extend till one second of the life.


    When all the resources including life of human being are in powers of Allah and every breath depends on His mercy. Then we should bow our heads in front of the Orders of Allah Almighty. Our good luck and forgiveness is in it that we should try to be prepared for appearance in front of God and accountability for our deeds.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Tokens of God

    Verse – 29 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

    He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is Knower of all things. Huwal-lazii khalaqa lakum-maa fil’arzi jamii-‘aa: sum-mas-tawaaa ‘ilas-Samaaa-‘i fa-sawwaa-hunna sab-‘a samaa-waat Wa Huwa bi-kulli shay-‘in ‘aliim.



    Fa-sawwaa-hunna – So fashioned them. It means “To adjust/rectify different parts and joints of a thing at their own places”.


    Sab-‘a samaa-waat – “Seven Heavens,” “Sam-un” is the matter of “Samaa-waat” and its meaning is height. Due to relation of height with the sky it is called Sky. “Sab-aa” means seven. Hence in the Arabic proverb this word is used in the meanings of too much and numerous.


    The human being is the name of the collection of body and soul. It is clear that needs of these both things are completed by the God Almighty, who made this physical frame of mud. His first kindness is that He completes all the physical needs of the human beings so that his body may develop, improve, bud and blossom. The soul of human being also needs food along with bringing up the body.


    The meaning of this verse is that the Lord created the earth first. He flew rivers, seas and ocean on one side and raised the high mountains on the other side which talk with the sky grew forests of the trees, fed up the inner parts of the earth with different kinds of uncounted treasures. And these all things were created for the sake of Prophet Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His generation. Now it is the duty of Human Beings that they get reasonable advantages from these uncounted treasures using their wisdom and sense.


    Using the word jamii-‘aa The God commanded that these all things are for the children of Adam (Peace be upon Him). They have the right to get advantages from these things. With the physical body of the Human Being breeding of his soul is also necessary. For this purpose earth and its production is un-sufficient. So after creating the earth He engaged the attention towards the Sky. From there it rained guidance in the different times for the training of the Souls of the Human Beings. As the mankind gets advantage from the things of the earth, he should get advantage also from this Rain of Guidance so that his soul may become perfect. As it after becoming a complete mankind he may attend the Court of God.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Dignity of Human Being

    Verse – 30a of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    And when thy Lord said untothe angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, Wa ‘iz qaala Rabbuka lil-Malaaa-‘ikati –“Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”



    Malaaa-‘ikati (Angels) this word “Malaaa-‘ikati” came out

    from the word “Alook”. Alook means to carry the message.

    So Malaaa-‘ikati means the creature which brings the Messages of God towards Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Them). The Angels are the Bright and Spiritual Beings. They are pure from sins and do not disobey the orders of God.


    KHALIIF-AH – (Viceroy, Caliph). KhaliifatUllah is the person who

    establishes the Divine’s Law on the earth. It is evident from here that which powers and abilities will be given to the human being by the God, those will be quite right to establish the caliphate of God.


    He is the Lord of the worlds who created the earth, the skies and other all the universe. All things of the earth like vegetation, minerals, beasts and animals, mountains, rivers, canals, springs etc come on the one side of this universe and on the other side the skies and the other things created in the skies. God knows better about the philosophy of creating all the things of earth and skies.


    Why The Adam (peace be upon Him) was created? What was the need to make this body of mud (human being)? What is its purpose of life? The answer to these questions has been given in this verse and the verses coming ahead.


    When the God completed the work of creation of the earth, skies and all things in between them like the moon, the sun, the stars, rivers, mountains etc and they began their work then The God addressed the Angels (Peace be upon Them), “Now the time has come to know that for whom these things have been created, he should also come in front. The aim is that I want to create my Caliph on the earth who will get the possession of all these things and will complete the motive of God in the world. He will pay The God’s right of Caliphate and Assistance. He will issue and pass the Orders of God.”


    God Almighty is The Creator and Master of this universe. He is the Master of all good manners of benevolence. We neither can count His traits and nor works. He has put in the leaven of human being some excellences out of His attributes so that he may show up His characteristics after coming in this world, elevate His name and prove with his speech and deed that he is really the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty.


    If the God is Merciful then the human being should feel pity not over his near relatives but also over all the living creatures. It is said by the Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) that if you slaughter any animal, take pity over it, slaughtering knife should be sharp edged so that the animals’ vein may cut off immediately and it does not feel much trouble later on.


    One attribute of The God is Justice and Equity. It is the duty of human being that he should do justice and equity equally with all. In this matter he should neither favour his near relative and nor be ignored the stranger. All the persons should be seen with one sight.


    One name of The God is For-Bearer also (Mild). The mankind disobeys Him and he indulges in many sins but The God delays, takes it with softness, overlooks it and gives time to the criminal so that he may renounce and change his attitude. It is also our duty that we should produce in ourselves the attribute of mildness. We should keep soft behaviour with our comrades and give them chance for correction on their mistakes.


    In short, the human being should try to grow all the traits and manners which are noble of God and treat the people as God treats His servants.


    If we do not produce God’s attributes in ourselves then we do not have right to be the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty, and we can not get this higher rank any way which He liked for us.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Request Of Angels And Reply By God

    Verse – 30b of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    They said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not. Qaaluuu ‘ataj-‘alu fiihaa many-yufsidu fiihaa wa yasfi-kud-dimaaa’. Wa nahnu nusabbihu bi-Ham-dika wa nu-qaddisu lak. Qaala “’Inniii ‘a’-lamu maa laa ta’-lamuun”.




    Yasfi-kud-dimaaa – (yasfi-ku means to shed, to flow, to cause and ad-dimaaa came out from ‘dam’ which means blood).


    Nusabbihu – We hymn means we sing songs of praise to You (God). Consider with heart that God is the most Superior to the creature and accept it with tongue, and admit that all good attributes in Him are according to His rank.


    Nu-qaddisu – We sanctify (derived from sanctity). Deem that the God Almighty is sacred and higher from all the bad traits and attributes of His creature.


    When the Angels (peace be upon them) listened the announcement from the God, “Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”(Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth), they said, “Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee”. Aim of this conversation is that the human being will murder his other brothers and sisters, there is a danger of quarrels between this creature on the earth, due to the quarrels the world will become home of destruction and ruin because He will follow his wishes, he will not become obedient completely of you.


    The Angels (peace be upon them) requested, “O Lord! If You mean to create Your Caliph so that You be praised in each side, all creatures sing songs of praise to You and obey to You then we are present for Your this service, we are ready every time to listen your orders and act upon Your advice. “We hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee”. So what is the need of creating a creature on the earth?

    They also requested that Your Nature is sacred and pure, Your each work is right but we can not understand that out of the creature of the earth, how can be a creature which obey You, praise You, hymn and sanctify You like us. The God Almighty replied them, “Surely I know that which ye know not”.


    The above mentioned narration is one dark side of the picture because the Angels (peace be upon them) considered the human being will shed the blood of his brothers, will plunder, will quarrel and ruin. They saw in it only the evil and badness.


    But about the other bright side of this picture, “Creation of the Caliph, the human being” they did not know. Hidden qualities in the mankind were new ideas and inventions, development in different fields of life as his reach from the depth of oceans to heights of the skies, development in the different departments of the science for example physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computers, aero planes, vehicles, construction technology, petrochemical, ships, his journey towards different planets, electromechanical, agricultural, industrial field, his control over the clouds and rains, his control over the birth, vegetation etc, they did not know about all of this. Due to their ignorance from the hidden qualities of human being they knew only one side. The Angels request was not to criticize the God but they requested politely because they did not know that this mankind will disclose the secrets and powers of the God.


    The God knew both sides of the life of His caliph. He was aware of His caliph’s present position and also about the coming changes ahead with the passage of time. He was acquainted that His Caliph will bring changes in the entire world with his knowledge and wisdom.


    So The God Almighty replied on the request of Angels (Peace be upon them), “I know and you do not know”. Its aim is that you don’t know about how much advisability and philosophy are hidden in creation of My caliph.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Excellence of Knowledge

    Verse – 31 & 32 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    31.  And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.

    32.  They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise.

    31.  Wa ‘allama ‘Aadamal-‘as-maaa-‘a kullahaa summa ‘arazahum ‘alal-malaaa-‘ikati faqaala ‘ambi-‘uunii bi-‘as-maaa-‘i haaa-‘u-laaa-‘i ‘in- kuntum saadiqiin.32.  Qaaluu –Subhaanaka laa ‘ilma lanaaa ‘illaa maa ‘allamtanaa. ‘Innaka ‘antal-‘Aliimul-Hakiim.



    ‘Aadama – (Adam). He (peace be upon Him) is the Father of all humankind.


    ‘As-maaa-‘a.  (Names) the word which is spoken for acquaintance of any person or thing is used as its name. To recognize that person/thing it is also necessary that its qualities and signs should be known.

    Here meanings of the names are, “the names of all the things, their characteristics and conditions which would have to become necessary for the Adam and His children after sending them on the earth.” God Almighty acquainted the Adam (Peace be upon Him) about all the things’ names, their states and their characteristics.


    According to the Knowledge of God the creation which was going to become His Caliph, before his appearing all the things were produced and then the humankind was created and He was named as Adam (peace be upon Him).


    As you know that one creature of the God is Angels which are produced from the Bright (Noor). They pass their entire time in obedience and worship of God and it is their greatest excellence. They are totally pure and clean from all the wishes and needs which are good for the Adam. So they quite do not know about the use of all  things of the earth and skies. However it is fact that God has not created any thing without cause. There is indeed any philosophy and advisability in it.


    The Lord Almighty created the Adam (peace be upon Him) from the mud. Then He produced in his body different kinds of wishes and needs. He gave knowledge also to adopt the different means to fulfill his wishes. He grew ability in it that he may acquaint with all the things easily and may know their characteristics.


    The Adam has to face different accidents, incidents and changes in the different times. It has been kept in His nature that He will cross all the hurdles consciously and successfully. He has been informed about names of each necessary thing and its characteristics to compete in all kinds of difficulties.


    As it has been already discussed that the Angels know only about which they have been given knowledge. The things they do not need, they neither know about them and nor they can try to know about them.


    So after teaching the names of all things to the Adam (Peace be upon Him) the God Almighty produced those things in front of the Angels. He commanded them, “If you are true in your claim that you hymn Mine praise and sanctity Me perfectly then tell Me the names of following things”.


    The Angels are sacred creature. They do not have any work besides worship. How could they tell the names? They said, “We have only that knowledge which You have taught us. Besides that we know nothing. Now! These things, we can say only that there will be any advantage in producing them but we don’t know about its philosophy and secrecy because Your works are not but full with Your philosophy and advisability.


    It is evident from these verses that due to knowledge the mankind became superior and higher in rank to the Angels. Now if any person out of the generation of the Adam (peace be upon Him) is careless from the knowledge then he can not perform the duty of God’s caliph. We see that those nations, who acquired knowledge, are really on the path of development.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Victory Of The Knowledge

    Verse – 33 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide. Qaala  “Yaaa-‘Aadamu ‘ambi’-hum- bi-‘asmaaa-‘ihim.” Falammaaa   ‘amba-‘ahum- bi-‘Asmaaa-ihim, qaala   ‘alam ‘aqul-lakum  ‘iniii   ‘a’-lamu gay-bas-samaawaati wal-‘arz, wa ‘a’-lamu maa tubdunna wa maa kuntum taktu-muun.



    The Caliphate’s event of the Adam (Peace be upon Him) is being narrated continuously. When Allah Almighty declared the caliphate of the Adam before Angels (Peace be upon Them) at first they requested, “Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee?” He said: “Surely I know that which ye know not.”


    God Almighty kept trial of knowledge before them to prove the claim of Adam. The Adam (peace be upon Him) was bestowed by the knowledge of things according to His natural ability and purity. The Angels were not able to know about the names and characteristics of the things. When the questions were asked from the both, the Angels accepted their ignorance but the Adam told the names of all the things and proved His superiority.


    At this stage God Almighty said, “I had already told you that I know about outward appearance and inward qualities of every thing. I am well-informed about the secrets of the earth and heavens. The doubts about the Adam you disclosed, I know them and I also know about that which were not disclosed openly by you.” As though the knowledge of God is containing all the things, He bestows rank and responsibility to each one according to one’s ability and qualification.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Prostration Of The Angels

    Verse – 34 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. Wa ‘iz qulnaa lil- malaaa-‘ikatis-judduu  li-‘Aadama fasajaduuu ‘illaaa ‘Ibliis ‘abaa wastakbara wa kaana minal-kaafiriin.



    As-judduu – (Prostrate yourselves) literally and particularly in the Divine precepts of religion Sajdah means prostration; to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground; prayer. Sajdah is the most venerable token so according to the Divine’s Law Sajdah is forbidden for anyone except Allah Almighty. In this verse aim of prostrate to the Adam (peace be upon Him) is that the Angels (peace be upon Them) bow their heads towards the Adam to accept His superiority and reverence for His respect. If we take its meanings in accord with the Divine then also its aim is to prostrate to the God Almighty keeping their faces towards the Adam (peace be upon Him) because here meanings of the word li-‘Aadama are ‘towards the Adam’ and not (prostrate) for Adam (peace be upon Him)


    ‘Ibliis – (Satan, devil) literal meanings of this word are ‘hopeless’. This ‘Ibliis was not an Angel but He was a demon created from the Fire. Because the Angel is a heavenly spirit, so it can not be hoped that the Angels will refuse, disagree, deny or violate the Order of God Almighty. Satan was included in the community of the Angels due to His worship and obedience of Allah Almighty.


    ‘abaa Wastakbara-(He demurred through pride) the Devil ‘Satan’ disobeyed intentionally and took pride.


    When it was cleared that the Adam (peace be upon Him) was superior to the Angels due to His knowledge and rank, and was rightful of the Caliphate of God on the earth, then Allah Almighty ordered to the Angels to bow towards the Adam (peace be upon them) admitting His grandeur.


    Obeying the order of God all the Angels prostrated of course the devil demurred and said, “I am created from the fire and the Adam is created from the mud so I shall not prostrate towards the Adam” (peace be upon Him).

    Due to denying the order of God the Ibliis became infidel and He was forfeited from the Mercy of Allah Almighty. He lost the vicinity of God and fell in the reproach of God, and was fixed in the deserving anguish.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Adam In The Garden And Prohibited Tree

    Verse – 35 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye, freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nighthis tree lest ye become wrongdoers. Wa qulnaa yaaa-‘Aada-mus-kun ‘anta wa zaw-jukal-Jannata wa kulaaminhaa ragadan hay-su shi’-tumaa; wa laa taqrabaa haazihish-shajarata fata-kuunaa minaz-zaalimiin.



    Jannata – literal significance of this word is the garden whose close trees cover the earth. In the phrase of Divine precepts of Religion its significance is that splendid Garden in which there are uncounted blessings and which will be conferred to the persons of good disposition. That Garden is called Jannah also because that is hidden from our sights too.


    zaw-juka – (Your wife) Eve (the wife of Adam (peace be upon Him) who was already created before this discussion. She is the Mother all of us.


    Hay-su shi’-tumaa – (Where ye will) (from where you wish to eat) this word exposes the width and greatness of the Paradise.


    God Almighty created the Adam in accord with His own Will and made him the viceroy of His Own on the earth. Then to clear his position Allah Almighty ordered the Angels to prostrate towards the Adam (peace be upon him) so that anyone may not have courage to rebel or disobey Him. The Angels admitted the greatness of the Adam and bowed towards Him.


    After the Caliphate of Adam (Peace be upon Him) Allah Almighty gave them (Adam and His wife) chance to live in the Paradise, eat and drink what they wish.


    About the Eve Commentators of Islam narrated that the Adam was alone in the Paradise. He was tired of aloneness. So God created the Eve and commanded both to live in the Paradise.


    It is evident that God Almighty gave the Adam how many rewards and ranks, at first He was given knowledge, then He became Caliph of God, then he was presented a life partner (wife) for comfort and pleasure, then He was placed in Paradise and bestowed uncounted blessings for eating and drinking. Allah Almighty bestows presents to His servants always. Now it is the duty of His servants to thank God and know the respect of these favours.

    Laa taqrabaa – come not nigh (near). Actual significance of this order was that the Adam should not eat the fruit of that particular tree.


    Haazihish-shajarata – ‘this tree’ was a tree out of the trees of Paradise and the Adam was acquainted about that tree. In the Holy Qur’aan there is no explanation about it however the commentators of the religion have different views about that particular tree. Some of them say that it was the tree of grapes and some say that it was plant of wheat; some have view as dates and fig. In the Sayings of the Messenger of God (Peace and blessings on Him) it has not been explained.


    Minaz-zaalimiin – (out of wrongdoers) it is the significance of those people who oppress themselves. Disobeying the orders of God is the oppression over oneself. Now it is clear that at that time means of the Paradise was not as the reward of good deeds as now it has. But at that time there were Divine’s laws. Some orders were to obey them and some deeds were to be prevented to do them.


    It is the lesson for us that the person who does the works of doubts and suspicions him endangers himself intensively for wrong deeds. So the God Almighty prevented the Adam (peace be upon Him) to go near that prohibited tree so that neither they will go nigh the tree and nor they will wish to eat it. We should also abstain from the doubtful and suspicious things. It should also be remembered that the person who disobeys the orders of God Almighty he actually loses his own. He creates mischief for himself in this world as well as the next world i.e. Doomsday.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Error Of Adam And Expulsion From Paradise

    Verse – 36 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    But Satan caused them to deflect there-from and expelled them from the (happy) state in which theywere; and We said: Fall down, oneof you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth ahabitation and provision for a time. Fa-‘azalla-humash-shay-taanu ‘anhaa fa-‘akh-raja-humaa mimmaa kaanaa fiih. Wa qulnah-bituu ba’-zukum li-ba’zin ‘aduww. Wa  lakum fil ‘arzi musta-qarrunw- wa mataa-‘un ‘ilaa hiin.



    Fa-‘azalla-huma – Then they were deflected. It is understood that deflection does not come under the meanings of intentionally disobedience and violence. But significance of the deflection is error, slip due to mistake, forgetfulness.


    Ash-shay-taanu – Significance of the Satan is that creature who went away from the Mercy of the Creator. It is the second name of Iblis. He disobeyed the God Almighty so He was ordered to get rid of the Paradise. Then He became strict enemy of the generation of the Adam (Peace be upon Him). He can not compel the human being to disobey the God or to do evil, but He induces the mankind with different methods to go on the path of evil. He is able to do this work (remaining either away or near) without measurement of the distances.


    ‘Anhaa – (Cause of it) It may be pointed out towards the tree as significant that by the tree Satan deflected them and it may also be earmarked towards the Paradise that the Adam (Peace be upon Him) was expelled from it.


    God Almighty placed the Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His wife in Paradise and ordered not to eat the fruit of that particular tree

    and not to go near it. The Satan did not prostrate towards the Adam so He was rejected. He became enemy of the Adam due to jealousy. He intended strongly that anyhow the Adam be deflected from the Paradise.


    In the Holy Qur’aan it has come in an other place that the Iblis reached near the Adam and His wife and assured them swearing that He is Their friend and well-wisher, and said that if you will eat the fruit of this tree, you will become Angels and will remain in Paradise forever.

    The Adam and His wife were entrapped. They did not know that anyone can swear false of the God. They ate the fruit of that tree. As they ate the fruit, their dress of Paradise was dropped down from the bodies and they began to fold the leaves of the trees around their bodies due to shame. The God Almighty ordered them to get out from here. Satan became cause of their deflection from the Paradise. We should try to save ourselves from His deception.


    Ih-bituu – Fall down (you all). It signifies to go down from the higher place or migrate from one place to the other. It also signifies that in which Paradise the Adam (peace be upon Him) and His wife were residing they all (including their children and race) had to leave that place.

    ‘Aduwwun – (Enemies, foe, rival) the map of the life on earth has been taught by this word. In this world there will be possibility of struggle, jealousy, selfishness, sensuality and envy, and to save oneself from this badness will be the token of human being’s piousness.

    ‘Ilaa hiin – (For a time, till the particular time) it is evident from this verse that stay of human being is accidental on this earth and not forever. Then they will attend the Court of God.


    After eating the fruit of that particular tree due to misleading of the Satan, which was forbidden to eat by the God Almighty, He ordered that this place is not suitable for you now. Go away on the earth. In the world some people of the mankind will not remain in peace and truce, and will quarrel with each other. They will reside there till their death. During their life time they will have to get advantage from the earthen commodities with working hard and collect the things for drinking and eating.

    Useful matters which come out of this verse are:

    •        Satan is enemy of the human being. He tries his best to cheat and deceive the mankind.

    •        Existence of the humankind is casual/accidental. Its reality is like an Inn. So we should recognize the world as to stay for some time and we should not forget our Lord, God Almighty supposing this world to live forever.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Penitence Of Adam (Peace Be Upon Him)

    Verse – 37 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented towards him. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful. Fata-laqqaaa ‘Aadamu mir-Rabbihii Kalimaatin,  fa-taaba ‘alayh.  ‘Innahuu Huwat-Tawwaa-bur-Rahiim.



    Fata-laqqaaa – Then learnt, received from Lord.

    Kalimaatin – Words (of revelation). The God Almighty taught the Adam (Peace be upon Him) the words of penitence with His Mercy and Kindness. Here the words of penitence signify towards the following verse of Holy Qur’aan, “They said: Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If Thou forgive us not and have not mercy on us, surely we are of the lost”. (VII: 23 – The Heights) “Qaalaa Rabbanaa zalamnaaa ‘anfu-sanaa Wa ‘il-lam tagfir-lanaa wa  tar-hamnaa   lanakuu-nanna minal-khaa-siriin.” (7: 23 – Al-‘Aa’-raaf). These words were spoken by the both i.e. the Adam and His wife (compliments upon them).


    Fa-taaba – so He relented, engaged the attention. Penitence means repentance for sins, sorrow for wrongdoing, and return towards the straight path. Request for forgiveness from the sins is called penitence because the mankind admits with the perception of sins and promises that he will abstain from the sins.


    When the Adam (peace be upon Him) and His wife were ordered to leave the Paradise, they perceived about their mistake, regretted a lot on it, wept in the situation of distress on their mistake and wandered repentant restlessly. Ultimately the God Almighty felt pity upon them and revealed the words of benediction for penitence in their hearts. They prayed with these words and God Almighty accepted their penitence because certainly He is the relenting and howsoever merciful upon His servants.


    Three things are necessary for the penitence:-

    •        The human being should admit and look back with sorrow on his sin.

    •        He should intend strongly that he will not do it again.

    •        He should not do this sin in future.


    It has been pressed many times in the Holy Qur’aan and the Sayings of the Messenger (Peace be upon Him) about penitence. We should renounce for forgiveness of each type of sins, (known or un-known, minor or major) from the God Almighty.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Need Of Revelation & Outcome of Its Deniers

    Verse – 38 & 39 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

    38.  We said: Go down, all ofyou, from hence; but verily there

    cometh unto you from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth My guidance, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.


    39.  But they who disbelieve, and deny Our Revelation, such are rightful owners of the Fire. They

    will abide therein for ever.

    38.  Qulnah-bituu minhaa jamii-aa. Fa-‘imma  ya’-ti-yan-nakum-minnii Hudan- famantabi-‘a   Hudaa-ya falaa khaw-fun ‘alay-him wa laa hum yah-zanuun.

    39.  Wallaziina kafaruu wa Kazzabuu bi-‘Aayaatinaaa ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar. Hum fiihaa  Khaaliduun.



    Ih-bituu – Go down. This Command is not being delivered to the Adam (peace be upon Him) and His generation as a punishment. Error of the Adam (peace be upon Him)was forgiven. But command to go down on the earth remained as usual because He was appointed as Caliph on the earth. Aim to keep them in the earth was that the people who will obey the God Almighty, they will be sent in Paradise and who will disobey they will be kept out of the Paradise.


    Khaw-fun – (Fear) means perception of in coming loss or pain in future. Here it signifies that the Believers and pious people will not be punished on the Doomsday.


    Laa hum yah-zanuun – Neither shall they grieve. The believers and good people will not repent on their lives they passed in this world (their first lives).


    The God Almighty commanded the Adam (peace be upon Him) ) and His children, “Go down, all of you, from here and don’t be sorrowful. My Sight of Kindness will remain over you in the earth”. But they were also told, “My Guidance will reach continuously through the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them), and whoso will follow My guidance, there shall be no fear for them to be thrown in the Hell, and neither they shall feel grievance to be got out from the Paradise. They will be entered again in the Paradise. But they who disbelieve, and deny Our Revelation, such people are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein for ever”.


    As-haabun-Naar – rightful owners of the Fire. As though the people who falsify and deny the Divines Law of God Almighty, they have connected their relation with the Hell.


    When the Adam (peace be upon Him) came in this world, Allah Almighty taught them the Law of residing here and to go back again in the Paradise. It signifies that God Almighty will send His Messages towards them as and when He will feel necessary, which will be the source of guidance. He will arrange the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Him) for guidance of the race of Adam. Human being can not find the straight path only with his sense and wisdom. It is important for him to refer towards God Almighty, Who is Creator of his nature. The people who will admit His guidance whole hearted, think about His sent significant and act upon His commands, they will get freedom from all kinds of sorrow and grief, and after their present lives they will enter into the Paradise, where they will obtain all types of comfort and rest for ever. However those people who will deny His guidance, who will disobey His commands, they will go astray for ever due to their un-expert conscientious objections. They will be thrown in the Hell after death, where they will become fuel of the Fire and will be arrested in different types of agony.


    It is clear from this story that if the human being wishes to get spiritual peace and rest, then he can get it only on acting upon the guidance of Allah Almighty. Without it, it is impossible. We should pray from God Almighty for penitence of all the previous sins, request Him for forgiveness, and act upon the guidance (Holy Qur’aan and Sayings of the Messenger (peace be upon Him)


    Let us join those people who act upon the guidance of Allah Almighty and become the successors of Paradise. Now there is only way that we have to admit the teachings of the last Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon Him) whole hearted, act upon it honestly with the faith that it is the last teachings, this Prophet is the last Prophet (peace be upon Him) and that after Him no Prophet will come in this world.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Favour Of God On The Children Of Israel

    Verse – 40 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

    O Children of Israel! RememberMy favour wherewith I favoured you, and fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me. Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-matiyallatiii  ‘an-‘amtu-‘alaykum wa ‘awfuu ‘bi-‘Ahdiii ‘uufi  bi-‘Ahdikum. Wa ‘iyyaa-ya farhabuun.



    Now with effect from the fifth section of this Surah explanation regarding history of the children of Israel (Israelite), their high positions (ranks), their errors, sins and snatch of favours begins. This portion of Holy Qur’aan needs special attention to study. There are many opportunities of warning and advice for Muslims in the history of Israelite so that we may save ourselves from those errors, slips and mistakes due to which this splendid nation was ruined and became the target of calamity of God Almighty.


    Baniii– (children) ‘Israaa- (servant) ‘iil (God) – (Children of Israel)

    Israel was the surname of Prophet Jacob (Peace be upon Him) so His children and dynasty was given the title of “Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil”. They are also called Jews.

    Race of Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil actually starts from the Prophet Abraham (Peace be upon Him). He had two sons:


    (1)  Prophet Ishmael (Peace be upon Him) populated Hijaz (Makkah) and the last Messenger of God Muhammad (Peace and blessings upon Him) was born in His dynasty.

    (2)  Second son was Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Him). His son’s name was Jacob (Peace be upon Him) who was named as Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil. His children were populated in Palestine (Jerusalem).


    These people engaged themselves in the fights and quarrels. After some time Egyptians overcame them, kept them as slaves and tyrannized them. At last the Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him) was born and He made away this nation from the slavery of Egyptians towards Siena Valley.


    After some time these people returned to their native land Kin’aan. The best era of this nation was the period of Prophets David and Suleiman (Peace be upon Them). After Them this dynasty became victim of calamities due to enmity with the Prophets (Peace be upon Them), opposing the religion and disunion between themselves.

    This nation was attacked severely twice and even destructed that they were forced to leave their native country, ran away here and there. But with sorrow they didn’t abstain from their depravity and badness. Till now these evils are present in that nation.


    Ni’-mati – (My favour) means those favours and blessings of Allah, which He had bestowed on Jews, for example, caused to get free from torment of the slavery, drowned their enemy pharaoh, made their way to cross the red sea, provided them “Mann-o- Salwaa” the delicious food without any hard work and labor, helped them unseen in hardships etc.

    ‘Ahdiii  – My (part of the) covenant.  Covenant is a promise between two parties. Here covenant means the promise which servants (Human beings) finalized with their Creator before coming in this world. As Allah Almighty bestowed wisdom to humans, granted power to consider about signs of His nature and then the human has taken responsibility of knowing his Creator, will believe on the Prophets sent by God Almighty and will follow the guidance of Allah. In return Allah Almighty promised that they will be bestowed Heaven.

    Farhabuun – (fear from Me) means fear none but Allah Almighty and keep it in mind.


    Allah Almighty promised with Adam after his birth and sending on earth that He will send his Prophets for his children according to the occasions and will convey His own guidance and instructions through Them to his servants. Prophets (peace be upon them) came according to this covenant. Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him) was sent as the last of all. The religion bestowed to Him is a universal religion. So from this section the series of the preaching of religion Islam begins.


    Jews were aware of the religion of God Almighty, so they are being addressed particularly first of all. And they are being reminded that their elders have seen blessings of the religion of Allah and they know about it. Now believe on this last Prophet (Peace and blessings upon Him), so that you may be eligible for the same blessings again. If you will do this then it will be considered that you have fulfilled your covenant and in return Allah will fulfill His covenant. Your sins will be forgiven and you will be bestowed success in this world and on the day of Resurrection.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Invitation Of Holy Qur’aan

    Verse – 41 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

    And believe in that which I have revealed, confirming that which ye possess already (of the Scripture), and be not first to disbelieve therein, and part not with My Revelations for a trifling price, and keep your duty unto Me. Wa ‘aaminuu bimaaa ‘an-zaltu musaddiqal-limaa ma-‘a-kum wa laa takuunuuu ‘aw-wala kaafirim-bih. Wa laa tash-taruu bi-‘Aayaati samanan qaliilaa; wa ‘iyyaaya fattaquun.



    Maaa ‘an-zaltu – (which I have revealed) it signifies towards Holy Qur’aan, which was revealed on the last Prophet (Peace be upon Him). This is the last Holy Book of God Almighty.


    Maa ma-‘a-kum – which you have, it signifies towards the Holy Book Torah which was revealed on the Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him). Its truth and religious rules are approved by Holy Qur’aan.


    Israelite are the people who are invited first of all to believe on Holy Qur’aan. These people were the most famous out of the Believers of Holy Books. They lived in the vicinity of Madina. This principle was also in accord with the rule that invitation of goodness should be started from the relatives and neighbours first. In the previous verse Allah Almighty reminded them His rewards and blessings upon them and commanded to fulfill the covenant which they have done with Him.


    The covenant which is being asked to fulfill, to believe on this book “Holy Qur’aan” is included which is revealed on the Last Messenger Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him). So they should believe on It and act upon Its Instructions. This Book, “Holy Qur’aan” also authenticates the principles of their Holy Books.


    After this it is being admonished that anyhow they shouldn’t be the first disbelievers of the Holy Qur’aan out of the people who know the Religion of God Almighty. As much knowledge regarding acquaintance of the last Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) and truth of Holy Qur’aan you have, that no other nation has so much. So it is expected from that you will not become example of infidelity and refusal for others. But as you are being invited first out of Holy Book Holders, you will become cause of temptation for others by believing it first, that they admit and believe on it seeing you. You shouldn’t be afraid that if you will believe on this last Holy Book and last Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), you will lose your worldly dignity, influence and impression. Moreover you will see that all badness will perish due to blessings of Islam. This world will become comfortable for you and in the next world on the day of Resurrection) you will be avoided from punishment.


    Samanan qaliila– (a trifling price) it means that not to become desirous of wealth leaving the Right. The world is a contemptible and unvalued thing comparing to the Right and Truth whether it seems how great apparently because it is temporary and frail.

    Wa ‘iyyaaya fattaquun – and have afraid of Me. It’tiqaa means save oneself from badness (evils). Here it is pointed towards only the fear of the agony of God should be cause of avoiding badness. Although, the person who has fear of Allah in his heart, he can save himself from the act of badness.


    As Holy Qur’aan has behaved soft with Jews and as fairly invited them towards Islam that it is also a proof about Holy Qur’aan that it is the Speech of God. Manner of declaring the events and method of addressing shows respect of Jews. Nothing is narrated like that may provoke them. It is the miracle of Holy Qur’aan that created proper environment for declaration of truth. If we the Muslims copy at least some of it then all the fears of world will get finished.


    The behaviour which Jews adopted with Islam, its base seems nothing without stubborn and misunderstanding. Aim from selling the verses of God is that Jewish Scholars changed Commands of God for casual benefits of this world, issued self made religious decrees for some money, and hid orders of God and did them inter-mixed for hiding their own badness. When scholars of any nation indulge in these types of defects, then it is difficult for the nation to save her from destruction.


    In this lesson Allah Almighty preaches much about the good conduct. Life in this world and its benefits are for a few days. Due to this reason He advised the Jews not to take decisions by changing His orders for the sake of contemptible gifts. Because the reward of telling correctly about My orders is better for both the worlds (this life and on the day of Resurrection) than these casual advantages and some compensations.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    To Conceal The Truth Is Not Allowed

    Verse – 42 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

    And confound not truth with falsehood, and do not conceal the truth knowingly. Wa laa talbisul-Haqqa bil-baatili  wa taktumul-Haqqa  wa ‘antum  ta’-lamuun.



    Laa talbisu – do not confound. This word has made from labasa. It means to mix up a thing with the others so that it may become difficult to distinguish between them, to expose the false as true or to coat the lie as such that it appears like really true.


    Taktumu – do not conceal. This word has come out from the word katama. A meaning of katama is to conceal. To change the Commands of the God Almighty these may be of two types:

    •        Changing the meanings or the words itself.

    •        Conceal.


    The Jews people used both methods to change the foretelling about the teachings of Heavenly Books and the last Messenger Muhammad (Peace and blessings upon Him). Due to waste of Torah some commands of God Almighty had been disappeared or lost, then which commands were remained, those were changed by these people for the sake of their advisability.


    At the time of arising of Islam the Israelite scholars have ruined the remaining shape of their religion. They used to change the orders of those Celestial Books according to their wishes which had been lost. They had produced self written books on the names of Heavenly Books. Oftenly after writing paraphrase and explanation these were mixed with the original text and did not mark the difference between the two. The scholar, priest or monk, who had the Heavenly Instructions, he used to reduce or increase it for the sake of any worldly temptation or earnings greed.


    All the signs and tokens were present in their Holy Books regarding the birth and prophet-hood of the last Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him). But when He was born, they began to hide these all signs due to burning in the fire of jealousy and used to narrate from some of them topsy-turvy. So God Almighty commanded, “And confound not truth with falsehood, and do not conceal the truth knowingly. Due to your depravity other people also go astray.”


    Cause of discussion about the important events of the history of Israelite is that the Jews be informed about their evils on one side and on the other hand to admonish the Muslims properly that there is no space in the religion for these kinds of talks. So we should think about these events which our Lord, the God Almighty has told us in the Holy Qur’aan, and the elevation and fall of the children of Israel. We should not produce the badness and evils in ourselves like this.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Sense Of Worship

    Verse – 43 & 44 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

    43.  And establish worship and pay the poor-due, and bow your heads with those who bow (in worship).44.  Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget (to practice it)? And ye are readers

    of the Scripture! Have ye then no sense?

    43.  Wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz-Zakaata  warka-‘uu  ma-‘ar-raaki-‘iin.

    44.  ‘Ata’-muruunan-naasa bil-birri wa tansawna ‘anfusakum  wa ‘antum  tatluunal-Kitaab. ‘Afalaa  ta’-qiluun.



    Az-Zakaata – A particular alms given away by the Muslims at the rate of 2.5 p.c. on net property especially in the month of Ziqa’d. And the other meaning of it is chastity, purity, cleanliness. Really after paying Zakaat (Poor-due) the property becomes pure. Prayer and Zakaat are the two duties which remained part of worship in each religion; however difference remained between their forms and propositions.


    Arka-‘uu – (bow), it is also used usually as for the whole prayer because it is a part of the prayer. Some times the word Asjuduu (prostrate) has come along with it.

    God Almighty commanded the Jews to correct their faith and belief first before inviting them for Islam, and that they would have to produce the real teachings of God in front of the people in its original shape, and not to mix up anything with it themselves.

    Now they are being taught for acts. As it is desired that they should become habituate of offering prayers, offer the prayers with punctuality. The prayer is the most superior worship out of the bodily worships and the best method of recognition and to get pleasure of the God Almighty.


    After the prayer they are being instructed to give Zakaat (pay the poor-due) as according to the rules they should pay a particular part of their wealth (2.5%) each year to the poor, meek, deserving and needy people for the sake of God Almighty. They should spend the wealth given by the God on useful works of welfare of the nation. The Jews were very rich because maximum people were merchants and artificers so it was dangerous for them that boundless love for wealth may grow in their hearts. Its remedy is attainable with offering prayers and giving Alms and poor-dues to the poor and needy persons with sympathy and knowledge about their necessities. So they were commanded to offer their prayers in the Mosques with those who offer prayers and bow when they bow, and pay the poor-due to the deserving persons.


    Al-birri – meanings of this word are goodness, favour, polite, worship with full sincerity, good manners and kindness. Opposite of this word are evils and sins.


    Al-Kitaab – here al-Kitaab means “Torah” in which all instructions regarding good deeds, worships and religious matters have been narrated for the Jews.


    Whenever the days for destruction of any nation come then between them greedy for wealth and comfort scholars and leaders grow, who apparently preach every time to correct the habits, sympathize with other people with truth and faith at the time of negotiation, not to tell a lie, not to deceive any person, offer prayers, keep fasts, serve the people. But the preachers do not act upon their preaching themselves. Without comfort and pleasure of this world they have no concern with any thing. They wish only the effect of their preaching over others so that they may get maximum gifts, tributes and offering at the name of alms so that they may get maximum chances to be addicted to pleasure.

    In this verse the scholars are being ashamed, “what do you do this? You guide the people to be good and pious with your tongues each time, whereas personally you are much away from the Truth. Do you wish only that people admit you their leader and spiritual guide and serve you always? Alas! You read the Torah and still you are convinced of showiness and indolent from correction of yourself. It is the first demand of the wisdom that a person should show himself as example for others in truthfulness. Against the facts you are criminal of deceiving the people. If you are sincere in advising the people, at first you should act too yourselves on your sayings.”


    It could not be much useful to admonish and frighten the Jews, however there is an hidden advice for the scholars who believe that the Holy Qur’aan is a true Book, “Arrange to correct themselves who want to correct the others because becoming a hypocrite, treacherous, in-sincere and cheat is forerunner of destruction and ruin of the nation.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Seek Help In Patience, Prayer and Concept of Doomsday

    Verse – 45 & 46 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    45.  And seek help in patience and prayer. And truly it is hard save for the humble-minded—

    46.  Who know that they will have

    to meet their Lord, and that unto

    Him they are returning.

    45.  Wasta-‘iinuu bis-Sabri was-Salaah. Wa ‘innahaa lakabii-ratun ‘illaa ‘alal- Khaashi-iin.

    46.  ‘Allaziina yazun-nuuna ‘annahum-mulaaquu Rabbihim wa ‘annahum ‘ilayhi  raaji-‘uun.



    Ista-‘iinuu – seek help. When anyone feels a difficult task, he needs help of any other person/thing.

    As-Sabru – power of endurance. Need of patience remains each time. Whenever any good work is being done, doing it whole heartedly is patience and whenever someone has to face any calamity, bearing it without confusion is also patience. During working hard patience is also necessary. To keep the wishes pressed also needs patience. In short the patience is required every time and if we see; it is the origin of each good virtue.


    God Almighty bestowed the human being two things, soul and body, and the both are the great blessings. Duty of the soul is to get knowledge, to devise and to take the work from body. And it is the duty of body to move in accord with the intention of soul. The prayer is source of gratitude for these spiritual and bodily blessings. It is the thanks of knowledge to recognize the God Almighty. It is the gratitude for blessings of standing that someone pray the God Almighty in straight standing position, then bow and pray in this position and then prostrate and pray in this position; that due to His blessings hands from elbows, legs from knees, hands and feet from wrists and ankles can bend. This is the great blessings otherwise if any joint becomes stiff then it would have a severe thrashing. Then someone should sit down and think that how is it a great blessing? Remember the blessing of turning the neck at the time of compliment.  At last someone should thank God with tongue also adopting each position of the body with intention. It is called Prayer.


    Al- Khaashi-iin – (humble-minded); the persons who suppose themselves weak and feeble without help of God they are called al- Khaashi-iin. It is the great worship of the heart to assert his humility during in standing position, in bowing position, in prostrating position and in sitting position in front of the God Almighty because in the prostrating position all the limbs bend which is sign of able to work and health of the body. So the prostration is the best form for declaration of gratitude and conception of helplessness. We should think that if the body parts do not turn then the human being is helpless and cripple. From it those persons should learn who deem the prayer useless.


    Yazun-nuuna – they know, they presume. This verse signifies towards getting the virtue which has particular degree in Faith. If any body does not have humility in his heart then he should think that he would have to face his Lord in his each deed, motion and comfort. Without His help he can do nothing. His Lord is with him every time. He knows his each condition, listens to his voice and observes his each act. As his thought will become matured gradually, his faith will increase. At last prayer and worship will become easy for him and the virtue of patience will begin to reveal.


    There is no way without becoming good natured and for guidance of the others. The other thing with which prayer and worship becomes easy that is Belief on the day of Resurrection. On that day each person will be rewarded or awarded (the future reward of virtues or torture, agony, anguish) according to his deeds which he has done during his first life (in this world). On becoming the thought matured there will be produced two good manners from which faith will become matured:


    •        Fear of the calamity of God Almighty.

    •        Hope of His Mercy.


    Result of the maturity of Belief will be humility and due to humility offering prayer will become easy, and it will result the patience which is root of all the good manners.


    This small part of the Holy Qur’aan squeezes foundation of speeches. How beautifully children of Israel are being invited towards religion Islam and along with it Believers of Islam are being taught about the principles of Islam. Islam has proved through these types of commands that its principles are natural. Opposing them is actually opposing the humanity. Islam has come to purify its ancient shape which is common in Jewish, Christianity and other religions of the world from all kinds of evil. Israelite are plaintiff of religious and scholars so it is their duty to recognize and understand Islam because it is the last shape of which was present in Torah, The New Testament (The Bible) and all worldly Heavenly Books.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Preference to The Children Of Israel

    Verse – 47 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    O Children of Israel! RememberMy favour wherewith I favoured

    you and how I preferred you to

    (all) creatures.

    Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-mati-yal-latiii ‘an-‘amtu ‘alaykum wa ‘annii faz-zaltukum  ‘alal-‘aalamiin.



    Faz-zaltukum – (preferred you), this word has come out from the word Fazal which means preference. Aim of giving preference over the entire world is that the Israelite remained the most excellent over all the communities and there was none peer of them. However, when they left the Truth misled the Divine’s Law and opposed the last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him), then that preference went away and they earned anger of the God Almighty. Destruction became their fate, and the Muslim nation was given the title of “Well Nation”.


    ‘Alal-‘Aalamiin – (over all creatures) here ‘Aalamiin means all the nations of the world.

    There was a time when the children of Israel were preferred to all the people of this world. When the other nations were going astray in the darkness and depravity, were involved in infidelity and worshipping of Idols, were lustful in corruption and heresy, then there was only the nation Israelite who had concept of Oneness of God and they had the Heavenly Guide Book. What would be the preference more than this?


    Slowly and gradually these people went astray from the straight path due to their weaknesses and corruptions, and left behind the Heavenly Guidance. So the God Almighty preaches them on the point, “Admit your real religion in its corrected form and come on the straight path.”


    It was difficult to get faith and Fear of God (piety) with the source of patience and worship. So easy and simple manner of it has been explained and that is gratitude. God Almighty reminds the children of Israel His favours, gifts and honours which He had bestowed upon them from time to time and discloses also their evil doings. It is the nature of human being that he begins to love with his benefactor and generous. So the God Almighty warns them about His favours, and preaches them for the straight path.


    It is the sign of warning for the people of the entire world that children of Israel fell down in the well of calamity of God after getting so much higher rank of preference. We should get advice from this condition of them and try to keep away from those acts which became reason of their depravity, ruin and destruction.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    What Will Be Used On The Day Of Resurrection?

    Verse – 48 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And guard yourselves against aDay when no soul will in aught

    avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be received from it, nor will they be helped.

    WattaquuYawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa yu’-khazu minhaa ‘ad-lunw-wa laa  hum yun-saruun.



    Yawmun – (Day) means the Day of Resurrection. It is necessary that Faith on the Day of Resurrection or Rewards and punishment on one’s acts should be present in the religion for leaving the worldly amusements and acting good deeds so that the people leave their evils and bad acts due to the concept of that Day and become of the good disposition for the hope of rewards. With the passage of time Belief on the Day of Resurrection had ended from the hearts of Israelite so they are being admonished for the Day of Judgment.


    ‘Ad-lun – (revenge, reward, exchange, equality, accuracy, rivalry, contest or balance) if remuneration or compensation is given for any thing, that is considered equal to the capital. So the word ‘ad-lun is used as the exchange. It also means justice or equity because on doing justice between the two persons it becomes equity.


    It was the concept the Jews, “Our forefathers were Prophets (peace be upon them). On their recommendations our all sins will be forgiven. So we shall not be put in agony.” The God Almighty commands that their faith was wrong. The criminal would have to be punished for his sins.


    Usually there are four forms to set free the criminal:

    •        Any other person admits that the crime was done by him (instead of the criminal).

    •        Set the criminal free on anyone’s recommendations.

    •        Let him off by paying some compensation (cash).

    •        Get him free violently.


    There is no any form out of the above which may be used by the sinners on the Day of Judgment.


    In the Hereafter each person will think about himself only. No body will recommend any other without permission of the God Almighty. He will not accept any cash, compensation, wealth or property because He has no need of wealth and property. There is no any power in the heavens and earth that may compel the God Almighty and set free the sinners from God, the Most High.


    He rendered null and void this faith of the Jews explaining the speech of the verse under discussion and preached them to come back towards the straight path having fear of the Day of Resurrection.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Tremendous Trial of Israelite

    Verse – 49 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh’s folk, who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaying your sons and sparing your women. And that was a tremendous trial from your Lord. Wa ‘iz najjay-naakum-min –Aali- Fir-‘awna yasuumuuna- kum suuu-‘al-‘azaabi yuzab-bihuuna ‘abnaaa-‘akum wa yas-tahyuuna nisaaa-‘akum.  Wa fii zaalikum balaaa-‘um-mir-Rabbikum ‘aziim.



    Aali- Fir-‘awna – (Folk, people, near relatives, religion fellows, servants and children of Pharaoh) Pharaoh was the title of the King of Egypt. Usually the people imagine a king of the Egypt who was named as Pharaoh. In fact it was not the name of a person. Moreover it was the surname of all the kings of Egypt as the title of the king of China was ‘Khaqaan’ (Emperor, Sovereign) and the King of Rome was surnamed as ‘Caesar’.


    The Prophet Joseph (Peace be upon Him) brought and populated the Israelite in the Egypt. They lived in the Egypt hundreds of the years and their population reached in hundred thousands. The King of Egypt made them his slaves and treated them extremely disgracefully and contemptibly.


    Once, the King dreamed at night. He gathered the soothsayers and asked them to interpret his dream in the morning, “I have seen a fire coming from the Temple of Jerusalem. It has besieged the Egypt and begun to burn the ‘Qabtees’ (Egyptians) choosing one by one”. Listening to it the soothsayers told the King that a child would bear in the Israelite that would become the cause of your death and fall of the Emperor.


    The Pharaoh collected all the nurses and midwives of the country and ordered them, “Whenever any ‘son’ comes into the world by birth in the Israelite, kill him at once. However the girls be left alive.” Due to the orders of the King thousands of the sons of Israelite were killed. After all, the leaders of the Egypt thought, “If all the Israelite are killed in this manner, who will serve us?”

    Listening to it, the Pharaoh commanded, “Carry on killing process for one year and stop it for the next year continuously”. The year in which killing process was postponed, in that year Prophet Aaron (peace be upon Him) was born and in the year killing process was in force, during that period Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him) came in this world but the God, the Most High saved his life with His sound policy and he could not be killed.


    The above mentioned verse points out towards this event. The nation of Pharaoh had put the children of Israel in to much difficult calamity and labour. Finally the God Almighty set them free from these troubles through His Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him).



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Drowning The Folk Of Pharaoh

    Verse – 50 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you, and drowned the folk of Pharaoh in your sight. Wa ‘iz faraqnaa bikumul-bahra fa-‘anjay-naakum wa ‘agraq-naaa ‘Aala- Fir-‘awna wa ‘antum tanzuruun.



    Al-bahra – (Sea) here aim for al-bahra is the Red Sea (Arabian Gulf). It is also called as deep sea. Through this sea the Egypt meets with Syria and Siena. The Israelite entered in Peninsula Siena after crossing this Sea and got freedom from Pharaoh and folks of Egypt.


    Faraqnaa bikumul-bahra – (We brought you through the Sea). It is pointed towards the event in this sentence that when the children of Israel started crossing the Red Sea, the God Almighty made for them the way to cross the sea. It was Miracle of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) that when He beat His stick on the water of sea, the earth in the sea became dry and now there was a path for Israelite to cross the sea. As per historians this event was occurred nearly1447 B.C.

    Wa ‘antum tanzuruun – (And you were looking). The children of Israel are being told that they had seen with their own sight about the infamy and disgraced death of their greatest cruel and despotic king.


    The Israelite bore cruelties of their tyrant kings of Egypt for many years. After all they devised that they should leave the Egypt and go to their ancestor’s native country Syria and Palestine under the supervision of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). Because the government of Egypt was not agreeing to permit them leave the Egypt, so they started their journey at night. They had fear about following the Egyptian government, grief on leaving their homes and utter darkness of night. Due to fear and confusion they forgot the straight path.


    On the other side the Pharaoh had known that the children of Israel had run away. He followed with his Army and reached near to them. Now the Israelite were entirely helpless. In front of them there was sea in the east and behind them a great Egyptian Army. The Israelite became much confused as they had been surrounded. At that time Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) beat His stick in the sea according to the command of God Almighty. The sea was cracked and the dry land came out. Caravan of the Israelite crossed the sea. Mean while the Army of Pharaoh reached there. They saw dried path and dropped down. But they were even in the middle of the way that the water became in a level and met mutually itself. The Pharaoh drowned along with his Army. The children of Israel looked the show of drowning their enemy helplessly with their sights. Above mentioned verse signifies towards this tale.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Worship Of A Calf

    Verse – 51 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And when We did appoint forMoses forty nights (of solitude),

    and then ye chose the calf, when

    he had gone from you, and ye

    were wrongdoers.

    Wa ‘iz waa-‘adnaa Muusaaa ‘arba-iina lay-latan-  summat-takhaztu-mul-‘ijla mim- ba’-dihii wa ‘antum zaalimuun.



    Muusaaa – (Moses) was a great, glorious and favourite Prophet (peace be upon Him) of God Almighty. Mostly Commentators of the religion imagine that the word ‘Moses’ is derived from Hebrew language. Some scholars say that it is an Egyptian word which means child or son. Father’s name of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) was Imran. His sister’s name was Mary and Brother Aaron. They both were elder to Him. The Time of Moses (peace be upon Him) is stated as 1500 B.C. or 1300 B.C. He made the children of Israel free from the slavery of Pharaoh and his folk.


    In this verse the God, the Most High narrated the events of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation which were happened after the crossing of Red Sea. When Moses (peace be upon Him) reached near the Mountain Sinai (famous for the conversing of Moses and God Almighty) after crossing the sea, God Almighty commanded Him to worship for forty nights on the Mountain Sinai (Koh-i-Tuur). Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went for worship on the Mountain Sinai obeying this order and detailed His brother Aaron to look after the nation in His absence.


    After the departure of Moses (peace be upon Him) obstinacy and liberty grew in the nation (children of Israel). In the presence of even Aaron (peace be upon Him) they did not incline towards the God-worshipping. It is known as they did not forget even then the Idol-worshipping of the Egyptians. They were simpleton. Out of them a conjurer named ‘Saamri’ (who was a story teller) took advantage of their weakness (simpleton-ness) and made a calf of the gold. Whenever it blew, a meaningless sound came out of the mouth of calf. That sound was wonderful for them, although the children may get different sounds from the customary toys of animals. All the children of Israel started worshipping the calf except a few persons out of them.


    The Prophet Aaron (peace be upon Him) made them much to understand but they did not turn to God-worshipping. As though they could not remain on the straight path in the forty days’ absence of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). And leaving the God Almighty started worshipping the calf which was lifeless and false. It was their much bigger weakness and till today some nations are involved in this mistake.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Announcement of Pardon

    Verse – 52 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye might give thanks. Summa ‘afawnaa ‘ankum-mim- ba’-di zaalika  la-‘allakum  tash-kuruun.



    Tash-kuruun – (ye might give thanks). This word is derived from the word Shukar. Shukar means thanks, gratitude and a just appreciate. Aim of the Shukar in Islam is a just appreciation for the favours of God Almighty by the human being. The person should use His favours and grants in a right and sound manner. He should not do unvalued or be thankless.


    In the previous verse it was stated that the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went on the Mountain Sinai (Koh-i-Toor) for obeying the Order of the God Almighty so that He may do worship of God there and bring Guide Book from the God for His nation. After residing there thirty days He was given command to live more ten days and delayed in coming back soon.


    In the absence of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) a conjurer named ‘Saamri’ (who was a wicked story teller) made a calf of gold, a meaningless sound used to come out of its mouth. He told the children of Israel, “this calf is the worshipped of you and the Moses (peace be upon Him) so you should worship it”. Besides a few persons all the nation bowed in front of the calf and began to worship it with extremely lowness.


    When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) returned from the Mount of Sinai, He saw that all the children of Israel have been misled. He filled with fury and threw those tablets which He brought with Him and on which the Orders from the God Almighty were written, and asked His brother Aaron furiously. Aaron (peace be upon Him) stated the entire story and told His helplessness.


    Finally the God Almighty ordered, “Throw the calf into the sea and kill each other because it is the only way to accept your repentance,” so two thousand persons were killed in a day. At last the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) begged from the God, the Most High and they received the command of forgiveness.


    It is the mercy and grace of the God Almighty that the mankind commits mistakes but the God Almighty overlooks from them. Whenever the human being admits his negligence and promises to abstain from evils in future, the God Almighty forgives. If any person does not admit His kindness upon even it then it will be infinite thankless and unvalued, and this crime is not forgivable.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    The Scripture And The Criterion

    Verse – 53 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the Criterion (of rightand wrong) that ye might be led aright. Wa ‘iz ‘aataynaa Muusal- Kitaaba  wal-Furqaana  la-‘al-lakum  tahtaduun.



    Al-Furqaan – the Orders, Commands or Mandates which separate, disunite or disjoin. This word is derived from the word faraqa to divide or distinguish; the Holy Books (as distinguished or separating truth from falsehood). The Commentators of the Religion have different sayings about Furqaan:


    •        Those Miracles which were bestowed to the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) from the God, the Most High.


    •        The victory and overcoming which was resulted against the Army of Pharaoh to the children of Israel.


    •        The Jews intend also from this word, the verbal preaching which was revealed upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) besides Torah.


    •        Al-Furqaan is the name of Holy Qur’aan also and other Heavenly Books are called Furqaan too because these Orders differentiate between the Right and Wrong.


    In this verse al-Furqaan intends towards the Orders and Commands due to which true and false, right and wrong, and goodness and evil may be separated from each other and there may not remain any accommodation for doubt and suspicion.


    When the repentance of the children of Israel was approved, the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went again to the Mount Sinai (Koh –i – Toor) and brought a lot of Orders from the God Almighty which were written on the tablets. Collection of those Orders is called Torah.


    God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His Favors in this verse. He commands them, “You disobeyed My Orders. You started worshipping the Calf but I forgave you with My kindness. Then I bestowed My Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) a Book which had complete Divine’s Law and a Guide (Torah) so that you may pass your lives according to its instructions. With the help of that book you might distinguish between just and absurd, lawful and unlawful, good and bad.”


    It is known from this verse that the Holy Book revealed from the God Almighty and the balance between just and absurd is a great blessing for the human being. The guidance may only be gotten from it and only those persons are successful who act upon the Holy Book of God Almighty, and take guidance for balance between true and false. It is necessary for us that we should correct our words and deeds in the light of Holy Qur’aan and Sayings of the last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him), grow virtue of distinguishing between true and false and don’t recognize equal good and bad. We should keep every time distinction between lawful and unlawful in front of us.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Punishment Due to Ascribing Plurality to God

    Verse – 54 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Ye have wronged yourselves by your choosing of the calf (for worship), so turn in penitence to your Creator, and kill (the guilty) yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator and He will relent toward you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful. Wa ‘iz qaala Muusaa li-Qawmihii  yaa-qawmi  ‘innakum zalamtum  ‘anfusakum  bit-tikhaazikumul-‘ijla  fatuubuuu  ‘ilaa  Baari-‘ikum faqtuluuu  ‘anfusakum.  Zaalikum khay-rul-lakum ‘inda  Baari-‘ikum  Fataaba ‘alaykum ‘Innahuuu Huwat-Tawwaa-bur-Rahiim.



    Li-Qawmihii – (unto his people, to His nation), in this verse aim from li-Qawmihii is those particular persons who prostrated the calf supposing their worshipped.


    Zalamtum – (you have wronged, you have lost) it means that they involved again in plurality leaving the Oneness of God Almighty. How might be more than it loss of a person over him?


    Faqtuluuu  ‘anfusakum – So kill (the guilty) yourselves. It signifies towards the people who did not prostrate the calf they should kill them who prostrated it. The scholars have commented that there were three groups in the children of Israel:

    •        Those persons who did not prostrate the calf and forbade the others not to prostrate it. They were pious persons.

    •        Those people who prostrated.

    •        It was a group who did not prostrate themselves but they did not forbid others from prostrating.


    So the pious people were commanded to kill them who prostrated. In fact the after wards two groups deserved the punishment.


    Khay-rul-lakum – it is best for you. It aims that when you will kill one an other, you will become sacred from the filth of sin and will get absolution and freedom.


    In this verse God Almighty tells the children of Israel, “You could not remain on the straight path in the absence of the Prophet (peace be upon Him), involved in plurality and idol worshipping. You have lost much due to this deed of yours. Now it is its punishment that you kill each other yourselves. When the children of Israel admitted the order of God Almighty, then they were relented and the God, the Most high accepted their penitence. Success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection for the human being is in obeying the Orders of God Almighty wishing either he knows or doesn’t know its philosophy and advisability. And if with error, forgetfulness or un-intentionally he has mistaken, then he should be ready every time for acceptance and correctness.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Another Arrogance Of Israelite

    Verse – 55 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And when ye said: O Moses! We will not believe in thee till we see Allah manifestly; and even while ye gazed the lightning seized you. Wa ‘iz  qultum  yaa-Muusaa lan-nu’-mina laka hattaa naral-laaha jahratan- fa-‘akhazat-kumus-saa-‘iqatu wa ‘antum tanzuruun.



    Naraa – (we will see). The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) brought chosen seventy persons from the children of Israel on the Mountain Sinai for listening to the Speech of God Almighty. When they listened to the Speech they said, “O Moses! We do not believe on listening from the veil. Show us with eyes.


    ‘Akhazat-kumus-saa-‘iqatu – (the lightning seized you). The children of Israel were falsifying the speech of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and claiming that they would see the God openly otherwise they would not believe on Him. So they were punished as the lightning fell suddenly upon them from which their eyes were dazzled and their eyesight made unable to see anything.


    It has been discussed earlier that when the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went on the Mountain Sinai for getting Guide Book (Torah) for the children of Israel, then they started worship of the calf in His absence and involved in plurality of God. When He returned, it was announced by the God Almighty to kill them as punishment of plurality. Even now they started killing each other. At that time the God, the Most High relented and their penitence was accepted.


    Then seventy old-men from the children of Israel claimed that they would go on the Mount of Sinai with the Prophet Moses to listen the Speech of the God Almighty. Prophet Moses brought them with Him. He instructed them to stay in the foot of Mountain and went on the Mountain Himself. The God Almighty spoke with the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and after returning He told them. Then they said, “We wish to see the God Almighty with our eyes”.


    Due to their opposing and refusal openly they were punished and the lightning fell down upon them, and they expired. After looking how big miracles and getting favors of the God Almighty the children of Israel could not leave their old bad habits. They wished to see the God Almighty with these material eyes which is impossible. So they were punished like this.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Revive After Death

    Verse – 56 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks. Summa ba-‘asnaakum-mim-ba’-di mawtikum  la-‘allakum tash-kuruun.



    God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His favors one by one so that they would leave the evil doings conceiving these favors and come back on the straight path.


    In this verse previous incident is being explained constantly. While a group of the children of Israel said to the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him), “We will see Allah manifestly”, the lightning seized them due to this arrogance and they all became extinct. When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) saw them dead, He requested the God Almighty, “O my Lord! I brought these people to witness in front of the children of Israel. Now they have died. What shall I reply the nation and produce them the argument? Then Allah Almighty revived them again.


    God Almighty has done them attentive towards the fact in this verse and Commanded to Remember His favor, “Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks”. There is only way to thank God Almighty, “Obey His orders leaving the path of infidelity and depravity.”


    It appears from this incident that arrogance to the grace of God Almighty and unreasonable claim from Him is biggest sin and its punishment is very painful. Those people wished to see the God Almighty with their materialistic eyes still it was impossible for the human being till the time living in this world and they were punished on this arrogance.


    So we should also admit and believe each command and order of the God Almighty and His last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) without any doubt and dispute. We should not try to grow any fault finding, criticism and argument in it without fail, because it becomes habit of the human being to find faults in each matter. The persons who become habitual of finding faults they shirk work always. They become wealthy of talking only.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Manna And Quails

    Verse – 57 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And We caused the cloud toovershadow you and sent down onyou the manna and the quails, (saying); Eat of the good things which We have provided you. They wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves. Wa zallalnaa ‘alaykumul-gamaama wa ‘anzalnaa ‘alay-kumul-Manna was-Salwaa. Kuluu min- tayyi-baati maa razaqnaa-kum. Wa maa zala-muunaa wa laakin- kaanuuu ‘anfusahum yazlimuun.



    Manna – It was a sweet moist thing for eating which was available on searching by the children of Israel. It was a great favor of the God Almighty for their lives during wandering in the desert of Peninsula of Sinai. Different forms of Manna have been explained. Some people have told that it was like a particular kind of gum. Some others have stated it ‘Honey’. Now a day a delicious pudding named ‘Manna’ is being prepared in the Egypt. This pudding is favourite food of the Jews.


    Salwaa – It is a bird like a small partridge (quail). It is found in peninsula Sinai. It does not fly on to much height and tires soon. It becomes victim easily. The sea air used to bring them flying towards the camp of the children of Israel. They used to go hunting these birds and made them their delicious food.


    As per Commentators of Religion (compliments for them) after leaving the Egypt the children of Israel used to wandering confused in the barren desert of peninsula of Sinai for forty years. Due to non availability of shade, shadow or shelter they were confused from the sunlight and requested the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to seek means for saving them from this suffering (sunlight). He (peace be upon Him) prayed from the God Almighty which was approved and a cloud used to remain over their heads during the entire day to overshadow them. The God, the Most High commanded them, “and We caused the cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying); Eat of the good things which We have provided you”. They were also instructed not to store these heavenly favors, take only according to the needs, however may be stored ration for two days only on Friday.


    They disobeyed the order of God Almighty and began to store the food. Resultantly provision of these favors was stopped. So God Almighty reveals, “They wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves”.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Town Life for The Israelite

    Verse – 58 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    And when We said: Go into this township and eat freely of that whichis therein, and enter the gate prostrate, and say: “Repentance”. We will forgive you your sins and will increase (reward) for the right doers. Wa ‘iz qulnad-khuluu haazihil-qaryata fakuluu minhaa haysu shi’-tum ragadanw-wad-khulul-baaba sujjadanw-wa quuluu hittatun, nagfir-lakum khataa-yaakum. Wa sanaziidul-Muh-siniin.



    Al-Qaryata – (Township) the Historians have told that this colony was a famous city of Palestine named ‘Areehaa’. It was conquered by the children of Israel during the time of Prophet Yusha (peace be upon Him) after expiry of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).


    Hittatun – (Repentance) it is abbreviation of a sentence that means, “O our Lord! Forgive our mistakes”. The children of Israel were instructed to say with their tongues the word, “Repentance”, while entering the city.


    Muh-siniin – (Right doers) this word is made from ‘ahsaan’ which means to favour, kindness and well doing.


    The God Almighty showed all the land of “Kin’aan” carrying the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) up to the river bank of Jordon and told, “I give this country to the children of Israel and you will conquer this city Areehaa in near future. While you enter in it you will get favors of the God Almighty and different types of fruit. So at the time of entering in the gate prostrate, and say: “Repentance” and not to be proud and haughty. We will forgive you your sins and will increase (reward) for the right doers.


    The children of Israel did not obey the God Almighty whole heartedly but started disobeying so they were entitled for agony of God. Complete detail will be discussed in the coming onward verses.


    The time becomes very difficult for the nations when they get favors of God Almighty and do not thank Him. Instead of thanking God they choose the path of violence. They see the agony and do not get it as warning but become more intoxicated. They get guidance and do not adopt the straight path but start violating.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Punishment On Changing the Speech of God

    Verse – 59 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

    But those who did wrong changed the word which had been told them for another saying, so We sent down upon the evildoers wrath from heaven for their evildoing. Fabadda-lallaziina zala-muu qaw-lan gay-rallazii qiila lahum fa-‘anzalnaa ‘alallaziina  zalamuu rijzam-minas-samaaa-‘i  bimaa kaanuu yaf-suquun.




    Badda-la – (changed) the words which had been told them for saying, they changed them and adopted those words in which the meanings of buffoonery test and laughter were hidden in place of forgiveness.


    Rijzun – (wrath) Wrath of the God Almighty comes in different forms over the persons who become evildoer, disloyal, mutineer or rebel. This word is also used for each type of torture. The commentators of the religion have told that the word ‘wrath’ pointed in this verse, was in the form of Plague on the children of Israel.


    Bimaa kaanuu yaf-suquun – (because they were evildoers, they used to disobey).  This word is made from the word fisq that means disobeying, corruption, adulteration or fornication. So the person who is evildoer or who disobeys the Order of God Almighty is called Faasiq (adulterer, fornicator and corrupt). This sentence signifies that the children of Israel had not abstained physically due to which the Plague spread over them. But they used to disobey the orders of God Almighty continuously; resultantly they were punished with the disease plague.


    While the children of Israel conquered the city of Areehaa during the period of Prophet Yusha’ (peace be upon Him) these people became evildoers instead of thanking God Almighty and changing His orders began to do laughter, fun, joke and buffoonery. So instead of using the word ‘hittatun‘(Begging mercy or Grace) they entered the city saying ‘hintatun fii sha’ratin’ (grain in the spike of corn) and instead of prostrating entered the gate of city dragging themselves.


    They were punished with the Plague disease due to this disobedience and God Almighty says, “We sent down upon the evildoers wrath from heaven for their evildoing”. It was the result that nearly seventy thousand children of Israel became victim of the Plague.


    God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His favors over them so that they bear in their minds and come towards the straight path thanking Him.


    We learnt from this verse that due to His favors we should thank God, the Most High. The nations are ruined due to haughtiness and proud.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Twelve Springs

    Verse – 60 of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

    And when Moses asked for water forhis people, We said: Smite with thystaff the rock. So there gushed out therefrom twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place. Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth. Wa ‘izis-tasqaa Muusaa li-qawmihii faqulnazrib- bi- ‘Asaakal-hajar. Fan-fajarat min-husnataa ‘ashrata ‘aynaa  Qad ’alima kullu ‘unaasim-mashrabahum. Kuluu wash-rabuu mir-rizqillaahi wa laa ta’-saw fil-‘arzi mufsidiin.




    ‘Asaa – (staff, stick, club) It has been mentioned in many verses of Holy Qur’aan about the stick of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). This stick was bestowed to Him as a miracle. To cross the sea, the path made by this stick, twelve springs began to flow smiting the rock of stone with this stick, it swallowed the snakes and scorpions of the magicians of Pharaoh after becoming a dragon.


    Isnataa ‘ashrata ‘aynaa – (twelve springs) after wandering confused in the desert and barren wilderness of the peninsula of Sinai the children of Israel reached the place where water was not available. When after searching they did not find water they enraged upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). The Prophet (peace be upon Him) begged from the God Almighty. He was commanded to smite the rock with His staff. So there gushed out therefrom twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place.


    It was only the favor of the God Almighty that they were provided the water here as in a dry desert and were ordered, “Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth”.


    It is found from this narration that whenever we do not see any support or cause for eating and drinking, the God, the Most High arranges and provides eatables and drinkables with His Mercy and Power. It is the duty of human being that he should beg from Him only and he should not be hopeless from His Mercy. The God Almighty is “the Merciful and Kind”. If the person disobeys, he gets loss for himself only and which the wrath descends that is due to his own evildoings.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Weariness Of The Israelite

    Verse – 61a of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

    And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He brings forth for us of that which the earth groweth – of its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would ye exchange that which is higher for that which is lower? Go down to settled country, thus ye shall get that which ye demand. Wa ‘iz qultum yaa-Muusaa lan-nasbira ‘alaa ta-‘aa-minw-waahidin- fad-‘u lanaa Rabbaka yukh-rij lanaa mim-maa tumbitul-‘arzu mim- baqli-haa wa qissaaa-‘ihaa wa fuu-mihaa wa ‘adasihaa wa basali-haa.  Qaala ‘atas-tabdiluunal-lazii huwa ‘adnaa billazii huwa khayr. ‘Ih-bituu misran- fa-‘innalakum- maa sa- ‘altum.




    Misran – (city) Here aim of misran is any city of peninsula Sinai or in its surroundings. Literal meaning of Misr is a city of which demarcation would have been completed. However, it does not mean presently the country Egypt.


    This incident was also happened in the desert and wilderness of the Peninsula of Sinai. The children of Israel used to eat heavenly food ‘Manna and Quails’ with much taste for a long time but they felt weary from this food. Although these foods were being provided to them free of cost. They said to their Prophet (peace be upon Him), “O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He bring forth for us of that which the earth groweth – of

    its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions”. They requested to bring them towards some other place from this wilderness where all kinds of city and country foods, vegetables are available for them.


    The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) admonished them first of all that their order was not well. The heavenly food they were getting without working hard that was much better than those things which needed hard work. But the children of Israel resisted on their talk. Then the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) said, “Go and live in any better city. You will attain there the food of your choice”.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Wrath Of God On Jews

    Verse – 61b of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

    And humiliation and wretchednesswere stamped upon them and theywere visited with wrath from Allah. Wa zuribat ‘alayhimuz-zillatu  wal-mas-kanah; wa baaa’uu bi-gazabim- minallaah.




    Zuribat – (stamped, struck, hit, hammered) in this verse this word is used for ‘stamped upon them’ (humiliation).


    Zillatun – (humiliation, disgrace, insult)


    Mas-kanatun – (wretchedness, poverty, needs, destitution) it is said usually that the Jews as a nation are the richest but it is a deception and misunderstanding. The wealth and property which the Jews have that is only limited to their some superior people, although public and common people are financially weak.


    God Almighty bestowed many kinds of blessings and kindnesses but they did not thank Him. They used to disobey the Laws of the God Almighty. They were given Manna and Quails for their eating but they had not patience on this favor and claimed for ignoble items like vegetables, cucumbers and corn etc.


    Due to their ingratitude behaviour the wrath of God Almighty appeared upon them.

    •        Humiliation was pasted upon them. So this nation remained subordinate of Muslims and Christians. During May 1949 their Government was established with the name of “State of Israel” but that was established with the help of Western Governments and even now their existence is due to injustice behaviour of the Western countries.


    Besides humiliation, wretchedness and poverty were stamped upon them also. There are only some persons who are fortunate otherwise maximum people are very poor. The persons who suppose it their native country and if they are rich, they are involved in avarice and the love of wealth. They have ambition, lust and greed of wealth surpassing everything.


    It is known from this lesson that the person should always be thankful to the God Almighty for His blessings so that the blessings are remained forever because till the time any nation thanks God for His blessings, He bestows the favors. And the person should never criticize the religion of God Almighty because the human being is ignorant from the result of goodness, betterment and virtue of anything.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Cause Of The God’s Wrath

    Verse – 61 of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

    That was because they disbelieved in Allah’s Revelations and slew the Prophets wrongfully. That was for their disobedience and transgression. Zaalika bi-‘annahum kaanuu yakfuruuna bi-‘aayaatillaahi wa yaq-tuluunan-nabiy-yiina bi-gayril-haq. Zaalika bimaa ‘asaw-wa kaanuu ya’-taduun.




    Yakfuruuna – (Disbelieved) it is derived from the word kafara. Literal meaning of kafara is ‘not to believe, to hide’. Technically not to believe the Oneness of God and Prophet-hood is called infidelity. So Kaafir means Infidel. It aims in this verse that the children of Israel had become habitual of infidelity and denial.


    ‘Aayaatillaahi – (Allah’s Revelations, verses, tokens, signs) it also signifies towards the Miracles of the Prophets (peace be upon Them), Heavenly Books & Orders and Commands of the God Almighty too.


    Yaq-tuluuna – (Slew, murdered, killed) the children of Israel crossing the limits of infidelity and violence killed the Prophets (peace be upon Them). They convicted to slay the Prophets John, Zachariah, Yasa’-yaa’ and Yarmiaa (peace be upon Them).


    As we have read in the previous lessons that the children of Israel were overtaken in the wrath of the God Almighty. Humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them. Causes of wrath are being narrated in this verse.


    God Almighty commands that the children of Israel had become habitual of two main crimes:

    •        They did not act upon the orders of God Almighty whole hearted. Moreover they used to peel of the s`kin from hair without fail, and criticized in each matter unreasonably with quarrelsome manner.

    •        They slew their Prophets (peace be upon Them). After the Prophet Moses, God Almighty sent many Prophets (peace be upon Them) but they did not listen to any one. Moreover they became their (Prophets) enemies. Some of them were blamed and some were slain.


    Causes of these crimes have also been narrated in this verse that they disobeyed the Orders of God Almighty and Instructions of His Prophets (peace be upon Them), and had become habitual to get out of the limitations of the Religion. It was the result that as they turned their faces from the Revelations of God Almighty and slew the Prophets (peace be upon Them) so they were overtaken the wrath of God Almighty.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Reward Of Faith and Doing Good

    Verse – 62 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    Lo! Those who believe (in that whichis revealed unto thee, Muhammad),and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans – whoever believeth in Allah and the  Last Day and doeth right – surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve. ‘Innal-laziina ‘aa-manuu wallaziina haadu wan-Nasaaraa was-Saabi-‘iina  man  ‘aamana billaahi wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhiri wa ‘amila saalihan-  falahum  ‘ajruhum ‘inda Rabbihim, wa laa khaw-fun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yah-zanuun.




    ‘Aa-manuu – (Believe) in this verse to believe means to join the Muslim Community.


    Haadu – (Jews) the persons who are entered in the Jews Class, either they are the children of Israel or otherwise.

    Nasaaraa – (Christians) Nasaaraa is plural of Nasraani. There is a town in Palestine named ‘Naasirah’. The Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) was born in this town. Due to relation with this town the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) is called Jesus Christ Naasri (peace be upon Him). So who follow Him is included in Nasaaraa (Followers of the Christ who was born in Naasirah).


    As-Saabi-‘iina – (Sabaeans) a person, who inclined towards some other religion leaving his/her own is called Saabi. It was a sect in the Arab. They believed to the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), used to do worship of the Angels (peace be upon Them), recited the Psalms of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) and during the worship they turned towards the Temple of Makkah. The Arabians used to say them Saabi ‘disbelievers’.


    God Almighty has removed misunderstanding of the greatness of the Name, the Family background and the Race, and announced that near to Allah Almighty the Name and surname or title are nothing, neither honor of good birth from a particular nation or race and distinction is trustworthy. Two things are necessary for freedom from the wrath of God Almighty, wishing the people either belong to any race or nation, or they have any surname or title.

    •       They believe in Allah and the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection) with whole hearted.

    •        They do right (good)


    If the people will believe in Allah Almighty then they also will admit His Orders and Commands. We have known these Orders and Commands through the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him). So having belief on this Prophet (peace be upon Him) is also included in it. If they will believe on the Day of Resurrection then they would have to believe the wrath and reward.


    In short to have belief on the God Almighty and obey His orders is necessary for liberty and reward, and it is impossible to have belief on God Almighty without acceptance of the Prophet-hood of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him).





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Elevation Of The Mount Toor

    Verse – 63 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you and caused the (Mount) Toor to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil). Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaaqa-kum wa rafa’-naa fawqakumut-Tuur. Khuzuu maaa ‘aatay-naakum-  bi-quwwatinw-waz – kuruu maa fiihi  Ia-‘allakum tattaquun.




    At-Tuur – (Toor) Every mountain is called Toor as per Arabic language. A particular Mountain in the peninsula Sinai is also named as ‘Toor’. That is called “Jabal i-Toor” too.


    Az – kuruu maa fiihi – (remember that which is therein) the subjects which are contained in Holy Book Torah, remember them so that you may act upon them. To act upon them is the main need for remembering the Orders of God Almighty.


    Tattaquun – (have fear of God) this word is from “Taqwaa”. To remain ward off the evils and pass the life carefully is called Taqwaa. That is also called abstinence, control of the passions. Who is good natured, well wisher and has a good disposition is named “muttaqii”. Islam has stated it as a great excellence and perfection of mankind.


    The children of Israel used to demand obstinately to bring a genuine Book of Orders so that they might act upon it. These people used to promise that they would follow completely on the religious matters. But when they were given the Holy Book Torah they inclined to oppose it and began to say that the Orders mentioned in Torah are very heavy and difficult. We can not act upon them.


    To challenge them from disobeying and violence Allah Almighty ordered the Mount Toor which was elevated over their heads. Seeing it the children of Israel began to shiver (for afraid of their death) and they had lost the courage of opposing, and now they admitted by force the Laws of Torah.


    At this stage promise was taken from the children of Israel, “You will neither dispute nor play the stratagems and argue to believe the Holy Book “Torah”. They were also told to make the law of passing their lives according to the Orders and subjects of this Heavenly Book, act upon them punctually so that fear of God Almighty is produced in their hearts and “ye may ward off (evil).”





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Punishment For Turning Away From The Law

    Verse – 64 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not been for the Grace of Allah upon you and His mercy ye had been among the losers. Summa tawal-laytum-mim-ba’—di  zaalik.  Falaw- laa  faz-lullaahi  ‘alaykum  wa rahmatu-huu la-kuntum-minal-khaasi-riin.



    Khaasi-riin – (the losers) the word Khasaara has been derived from khaasi-riin that means the damage; the loss, deficiency. So khaasi-riin means the persons who suffer loss, who ruin their present lives as well as their end (the Doomsday).


    History of the children of Israel tells that the God Almighty bestowed upon them a lot of kindnesses and favors but they always disobeyed instead of obeying and adopted thankless behaviour instead of being thankful to Him. He let them set free from the slavery of Pharaoh, commanded them to live in the forests of the Peninsula of Sinai so that virtue and passions of an independent and crusader nation may grow into them due to passing their lives in the desert and country atmosphere, they might get freedom from the affects of their long time slavery but they did not like it. They claimed to live in towns so that they might eat different types of fruit, they might pass their lives with laziness and inactively. The God Almighty completed their wishes.


    They used to demand from the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to bring for them Guide Book so that they might follow it. God Almighty bestowed the Holy Book Torah and got promise from them that they would follow it always and would never bend upon violence.


    After revelation of the Holy Book Torah they broke their promise and began to bend upon violation. God Almighty forgave this error and mischief also. If there would not be available His Mercy and Kindness then the children of Israel might be ruined and disgraced at the spot in this world besides entitled the wrath on the Day of Resurrection. God Almighty advised the children of Israel with His Kindness by sending His Prophets Solomon, David, Samuel and others (peace be upon Them) and told them the straight path. These Prophets (peace be upon Them) tried their best to bring them on the straight path. It was Excellence of the God Almighty otherwise the Jew had arranged for them to be ruined immediately.


    God Almighty’s Mercy and Kindness are the greatest supports for human beings’ lives and their safety. If He would not keep Mercy and Kindness, would not ignore then there is no space for any person anywhere.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Change In Faces From Good To Bad

    Verse – 65 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, so We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated. Wa  laqad  ‘alim-tumul-laziina’-tadaw  minkum fis-Sabti  fa-qulnaa lahum  kuunuu  qira-datan khaasi-‘iin.



    Minkum – (out of you) it signifies towards the fathers, ancestors; forefathers of the children of Israel.


    As-Sabt – (the day of “Saturday”) Literal meaning of Sabt is Saturday. As near to Christians ‘Sunday’ is a holy day and Muslims celebrating ‘Friday’ as the holy day, like this the Jews count ‘Saturday’ as their holy day. Saturday was specified only for the worship of God near to them. Worldly works like business, agriculture or hunting were forbidden for them.


    A’-tadaw – (to encroach, to cross the limits) they crossed the limits of Divine’s Law.


    It has come in the traditions that during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) a large number of Jews lived Ailah (a place in the south of Palestine). This event belongs to that population. These persons used to disobey the commands of God Almighty with cleverness and tactfully. They were instructed not to hunt the fish absolutely on Saturday. The God Almighty wished to examine them too. Usually the fish used to come near the bank of river in much quantity on Saturday.


    The Jews planned tactfully carrying on the outward form of the orders of God Almighty. They used to dig the pit holes near the bank of river on Saturday. Large quantity of the fish used to reach in these pit holes with water. Then they used to close the way of water from the river side towards the pit holes. Next day they used to hold the fish from these pit holes. Due to continuously disobeying the God Almighty they were punished, were shaped as apes   and their faces were changed from good to bad.


    It appears from this verse that some commands come from the God Almighty only for examining. It is the aim of examination to clarify that the servants of God Almighty remain obedient in both the situations i.e. rest and hardness. If the human being rises to the situation of test, there are a lot of facilities for him but punishment is very tough for the ill-natured and evil doers.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Warning Stock

    Verse – 66 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing. Faja-‘alnaahaa  nakaalal-limaa  bayna yadayhaa  wa maa khal-fahaa  wa maw-‘izatal-lil-Muttaqiin.



    Nakaalan – (warning) it means a punishment and incident so which becomes warning for others, looking it the persons get admonition.


    Purpose of narrating the important events of the history of Israelite in Holy Qur’aan on one side is that the children of Israel feel repentance and be much ashamed. They recognize their reality and incline towards the straight path. And on the other side it is admonition for the Muslims. They get it as warning from the incidents of previous nations, check an account of their deeds, take a lesson and adjust themselves in the light of Holy Qur’aan.


    Which event we have discussed in the previous verse that has much importance in the history of the children of Israel and all these people know it very well. The Holy Qur’aan is drawing their attention too towards that incident.


    After expressing the incident the Holy Qur’aan declared in this verse, “So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing”. So that all the persons are informed with the result of disobeying the commands of God Almighty, be careful for ever and each moment. It is the fact that this incident is a guide for particularly God-fearing persons. Their belief is perfect with it that only the fear of God is root cause of all the goodness for human beings.


    After understanding this verse now there is no doubt that certainly disobeying the commands of God Almighty becomes main cause of a great wrath. We should always keep it in front of us. It is not a customary thing “changing of good faces into bad and becoming apes from the mankind”. The human beings should used to have fear from the wrath and anger of God Almighty.


    It also comes out from this verse that how much a person can get admonition from the previous events. In fact this Holy Qur’aan (the Speech of God) impressed upon minds very clearly about the benefits of the history and that every incident or event can not become history. Only those events deserve to become part of history from which the person may get any fair lesson.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Command To Sacrifice A Cow

    Verse – 67 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make fun of us? He answered: Allah forbid that I should be among the foolish. Wa  ‘iz  qaala Muusaa li-qawmihiii  ‘innallaaha  ya’-mu-rukum  ‘an- tazbahuu BAQARAH. Qaaluuu  ‘a-tattakhi-zunaa huzuwaa   Qaala ‘a-uuzu bil-laahi ‘an ‘akuuna minal-jaahiliin.



    ‘A-tattakhi-zunaa huzuwaa – (Dost thou make fun of us?) the cow was very sacred near to the children of Israel. When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) caused to hear the command of God Almighty they remained aghast. They did not believe that it would have been commanded to sacrifice like this sacred animal. They supposed that the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) would have made fun of them.


    Al-jaahiliin – (the foolish, the ignorant, the uneducated, and the illiterates) this word al-jaahiliin is derived from jahal. Literal meaning of it is to do any work contrary to its actual nominated method. If it is due to ignorance then the stupidity is simple and if it is done intentionally then the stupidity is compound. The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) asks from God Almighty for refuge from the both stupidities. The person who wishes to command the people at the name of God Almighty, either he is indolent from the God or he is foolish and is incautious from the results of making fun in the religious matters.


    A person was killed out of the children of Israel but the killer was not traceable. God Almighty commanded the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to order the children of Israel for sacrificing a cow and beat a piece of its meat at the dead body of the killed. With it the murdered person will come back to the life and will tell the name of his killer.


    Due to residing many centuries in the Egypt the children of Israel began to deem the cow very sacred so they supposed that perhaps the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) is making fun of them. The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) removed their doubt and made them to understand that the Prophets (peace be upon Them) never make fun in the religious matters and in the commands of God Almighty. Making fun of others is the job of the stupid. Wise persons never commit the acts like this which are contrary to the dignity, honour and glory, and which become cause of disgrace of the religion.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Raising Objections In The Commands Of God

    Verse – 68 to 71 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

    68.  They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow neither with calf nor immature. (She is) between the twoconditions. So do that which ye are commanded.

    69.  They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us of what colour she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith:  Verily she is a yellow cow, bright is her colour, gladdening beholders.


    70.  They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. Lo! Cows are much alike to us. And Lo! If Allah wills, we may be led aright.


    71.  (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth; whole and without mark. They said: Now thou bringest the truth. So they sacrificed her, though they has not the mind to do (it).

    68.  Qaalud-‘u lanaa Rabbaka yubayyil-lanaa maa hii.  Qaala ‘innahuu yaquulu ‘innahaa baqaratul-laa faarizunw-wa laa bikr.  ‘Awaanum- bayna zaalik. Faf-‘aluu maa tu’-maruun.


    69.  Qaalud-‘u lanaa  Rabbaka Yubayyil-lanaa maa law-nuhaa. Qaala  ‘innahuu yaquulu  ‘in-nahaa baqaratun-  saf-raaa-‘u, faaqi-‘ul-lawnuhaa  tasurrun-naaziriin.



    70.  Qaalud-‘u  lanaa Rabbaka yubayyil-lanaa maa  hiya.  ‘in-nal-baqara tashaabaha ‘alayna.  Wa  ‘innaaa  ‘in-shaaa-‘al-laahu  la-muhtaduun.


    71.  Qaala  ‘innahuu yaquulu ‘innahaa  baqaratul-laa- zaluu-lun-tusiirul-‘arza  wa laa tasqil-hars.  Musallamatul-laa shiyata  fiihaa.  Qaalul-‘aana ji’-ta  bil-haqq.   Fazabahuuhaa wa maa kaaduu yaf-‘aluun.




    Maa hii – (what she is) When the children of Israel were commanded to sacrifice a cow, they began to argue and reasoning absurdly. Their first question was about her age. (What is the cow’s age?).

    Faarizun – (a cow not with calf, not to much old)

    Bikr – (immature cow)

    ‘Awaanum – (between) (neither with calf nor immature – between the two conditions)


    Commands of the God Almighty and His Prophets (peace be upon Them) are not without wisdom and philosophy. However it is not necessary that each person may understand them. So nobody should argue or hesitate obeying Them and each person should act upon Their orders/instructions.


    In the beginning each order/instruction/law was simple and easy but due to making differences too small to be important the orders and laws became difficult and complicated.


    God Almighty commanded through the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to sacrifice a cow. It was entirely a straight and simple order. Children of Israel had to sacrifice any cow. But they argued and used to ask question over questions, so they created difficulties for themselves. After asking first question they became bound about the age of the cow. Then they asked second question’ “what would be colour of the cow”. Now they raised some other difficulty for themselves. Actually they were trying to evade the order. But as they were trying to evade they were drowning in the more difficult situation. They did not understand that how much advisability and secrets are hidden in His orders.


    Then they asked again, “What (cow) she is. Lo! Cows are much alike to us. And Lo! If Allah wills, we may be led aright.” Now some other restriction was composed upon them, “Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth; whole and without mark”.


    Then they said, “Yes! Now you have told us the right”. In short after a lot of arguments they sacrificed the cow. Even now it was being felt from their behavior that they might not do so. Though, even now they obeyed the command of God Almighty unavoidably.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Bring The Dead To Life

    Verse – 72 & 73 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

    72.  And (remember) when ye slew a man and disagreed concerning it and Allah brought forth that which ye were hiding.

    73.  So We said: Smite him with some of it. Thus Allah bringeth the dead to life and showeth you His portents so that ye may understand.

    72.  Wa  ‘iz  qataltum nafsan-faddaara’-tum  fiihaa.  Wallaahu mukhrijun-maa  kuntum  tak-tumuun.

    73.  Faqul-nazribuuhu  bi-ba’-zi-haa.  Kazaalika  yuhyil-laahul-mawtaa, wa yuriikum  ‘Aayaati-hii  la-‘allakum  ta’qiluun.




    Faddaara’-tum – (then you disagreed, accused/charged each other).


    Summary of the previous verses has been stated in these verses. As we have discussed formerly that a person was killed out of the children of Israel but the killer was not traceable because the doubtful people were trying to charge/accuse each other and disagreed concerning it.


    The God Almighty commanded the children of Israel to sacrifice a cow for knowing the name of killer. They evaded. When after making much tricks and excuses they prepared to sacrifice the cow, the God Almighty commanded them now to smite the dead body with a piece of meat of that cow. As soon as the piece of meat was smitten to the killed, he returned to life and told the name and address of his killer. So a great problem was resolved obeying the commands of God Almighty. The killed expired again after telling about his murderer.


    The God Almighty also taught the people, “It is in My Power to bring the dead to life again”. As the murdered told about his first life’s incidents after getting life again, like him all the human beings will be brought to life again. Then each person will give evidence himself about his own deeds.


    These advices and happenings are being told by the God Almighty to all the human beings so that we think about them and correct our lives. We should take lesson from the happenings and incidents of previous nations, and get it as warning for us.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Callous Of Jews

    Verse – 74 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

    Then, even after that, your heartswere hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness. For indeed there are some rocks from which rivers gush, and indeed there are rocks which split asunder so that water floweth from them. And indeed there are rocks which fall down for the fear of Allah. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do. Summa qasat quluubukum-mim-ba’-di  zaalika fahiya kal-hijaarati ‘aw  ‘ashaddu qaswah.  Wa ‘inna  minal-hijaarati  lamaa yatafajjaru  minhul-‘anhaar.  Wa  ‘inna minhaa lamaa yash-shaqqaqu fa-yakhruju minhul-maaa’.  Wa   ‘inna minhaa lamaa yahbitu min khash-yatil-laah. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.




    In the previous verses God Almighty commanded about some happenings in the history of the children of Israel to take lesson from which we may know that they remained involved in different kinds of evil-doings and disobediences. God Almighty used to forgive them but they even then did not take lesson. As though their hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness, because there are some rocks which are useful and advantageous for the creature of the Creator, some rocks are from which rivers and springs gush and the people get water for their personal use, for their animals, for their crops. Hence every field of life needs water, there is no conception of life without it and that is the great favour of God Almighty Who provides us through rocks.


    And indeed there are some rocks which fall down from the peaks of the mountains as they are falling in the prostration for the fear of Allah Almighty.


    The commentators of the religion have made comments that example of the rocks from which rivers and springs gush is like the Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon Them) in the population of human beings. Due to their springs of favour and kindness the persons (the creature of God) extinguish their spiritual thirst. Example of the second kind of rocks is like the saints of God Almighty. Many people are used to benefit and bless from them. Like them there are the Believers and Righteous persons who if may not guide and correct others, even then their own faith and act remains sound.


    Neither the children of Israel obtained advantage from the teachings of  Prophets (peace be upon Them), nor they listened the advice of the servants of God Almighty, as if their hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness on which no speech becomes effective.  And Allah Almighty is not Unaware of what all the persons do.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Transposition Of Words Of God

    Verse – 75 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

    Have ye any hope that they will betrue to you when a party of themused to listen to the word of Allah,then used to change it, after they had understood it, knowingly ‘Afa-tatma-‘uuna  ‘any-yu’-minuu  lakum  wa qad kaana fariiqum-minhum yasma-‘uuna  Kalaamallaahi summa yuharri-fuunahuu mim-ba’-di maa ‘aqaluuhu wa hum ya’-lamuun.




    Tatma-‘uuna – (you have any hope) this word is derived from Tama’a. Usual meanings of Tama’a are ‘to long for’, ‘to have greed’ and also it means ‘to hope’, ‘to expect’. Here it aims towards the last meanings.


    Yuharri-fuunahuu – (they used to change it) matter of this word is harafa and infinitive mood is tahriif, that means ‘change’. There are two ways of the change:


    •        Literal change (to change the words, to change its pronunciation so that reality of the word may be changed. For instance the Jews used to speak the words ‘hintatun’ instead of ‘hittatun’ and ‘ra-iina’ instead of ‘raa-‘ina’).


    •        Significant change (to change the meanings of the words – in translation and explanation).


    God Almighty after telling the important happenings in the history of the children of Israel commands in the previous verse that these people will not admit/recognize any warning from these speeches because their hearts have become harder than rocks. Exemplary happenings have no effects on their hearts.


    In this verse God Almighty admonishes the Muslims, “Do you wish that they will agree upon your talk whereas out of their elders during the time of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and after them also there was a party used to change intentionally after listen the speech of God Almighty. While it was the condition of their elders then; Have you any hope that they will be true to you? How can you expect from them for goodness? They are ill-disposed people. They will never believe.


    It appears from the God Almighty’s this proclamation that the Muslims should not have much expectation of accepting Islam by the Jews.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Treachery Of Jews

    Verse – 76 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

    And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe. But when they go apart one with another they say: Prate ye to them of that which Allah hath disclosed to you that they may contend with you before your Lord concerning it? Have ye then no sense? Wa ‘izaa laqullaziina ‘aa-manuu qaaluuu ‘aamannaa. Wa ‘izaa khalaa ba’-zuhum ‘ilaa ba’zin- qaaluuu ‘a-tuhad-di-suunahum- bimaa fatahallaahu ‘alaykum  li-yuhaaaj-juukum-bihii ‘inda Rabbikum. ‘Afalaa ta’-qiluun.




    Li-yuhaaaj-juukum-bihii – (they may contend with you concerning it) hajaj is the matter of haaaj-juu. The word hujjat is also made from it that means proof, argument and reason. Meanings of this entire sentence are, “to make it proof and argue with this source”. The Jews who did tranposition in the Holy Books Torah, used to say their hypocrite friends, “you give proofs to the Muslims against yourself telling them the teachings of your Book”.


    It is being mentioned from here about the Jews who were Hypocrites. Whenever these people met cordially with the Muslims, they used to disclose their faith upon the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) and to win their favour used to tell them all the foretellings and emblems for authentication and support of the Last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him) which were held in their Religious Book.


    But whenever these Jews used to meet each other, they used to censure one another, “why you have provided the weapons against yourselves telling your teachings to the Muslims. The Muslims will use these proofs against you and making certificates to your own talks they will give evidence against you in front of the God Almighty that the Jews did not return to the real religion whether they had known every thing”. As though, these fools were supposing that Muslims can know these matters only through the Jews. They do not know that God Almighty can expose their all the matters (open or hidden) in front of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) and the Muslims any time.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    False Hopes

    Verse – 77 to 79 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

    (Part One-half upto verse-78)

    77.  Are they then unaware that Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and that which they claim?

    78.  Among them are unlettered folk who know the scripture not except from hearsay. They but guess.


    79.  Therefore woe be unto those who write the Scripture with their hands, then say, “This is from Allah,” that they may purchase a small gain therewith. Woe unto them for that their hands have written, and woe unto them for that they earn thereby!

    77. ‘Awalaa ya’-lamuuna ‘an-nallaaha ya’-lamu maa yusir-ruuna wa maa yu’-linuun.

    78.  Wa minhum ‘Ummiyyuu-na laa ya’-lamuunal-Kitaaba ‘illaaa ‘amaaniyya wa ‘in hum ‘illaa yazunnuun.


    79.  Fa-waylul-lilaziina yaktu-buunal-Kitaaba  bi-‘aydiihim summa yaquuluuna haazaa min ‘indillaahi li-yashtaruu bihii samanan-qaliilaa. Fa-waylul-lahum-mimmaa kata-bat ‘aydiihim wa waylul-lahum-mimmaa yaksibuun.




    ‘Amaaniyya – (false hopes, hearsay) its singular is ‘umniah. This word is used in two meanings; (1) as like hope which does not have any reality and some persons remain cheerful only in false notions.  (2)  Anybody remains fallen in false traditions and absurdities. There are a lot of instances of resemblances like this in the history of Jews, for example their false notions that nobody will go into the Paradise except them.


    Samanan – (price, cost, value) meanings of this word are not only the net cash or cash price but anything which will be gotten as reward or remuneration for any other thing, that will be its samanan. In this verse samanan means worldly reward or remuneration.


    Mimmaa yaksibuun – (out of their earnings) in this verse it has two meanings; (1) Pile of their sins – because of increasing their sins due to these mischieves constantly.

    (2). which financial reward or remuneration these persons achieve due to change or alteration/transposition.


    Illiterate class of the Jews did not know that what has been written in the Holy Book Torah. They were aware of only a few false expectations, hopes and desires, which they had listened from their forefathers and expected that their ancestors will get them forgiven from their sins.


    God Almighty commands that the people who change His Orders and say that it is the order of God Almighty, for them there is much badness.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Contractors Of The Paradise

    Verse – 80 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)


    And they say: The Fire (of punishment) will not touch us save for a certain number of days. Say: Have ye received a covenant from Allah — truly Allah will not break His covenant—or tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not? Wa qaaluu lan tamassanan-Naaru ‘illaaa ‘ayyaamam-ma’-duudah. Qul ‘attakhaztum ‘indallaahi ‘ahdan- falany-yukhlifallaahu ‘ahdahuuu ‘am taquuluuna ‘alallaahi maa laa ta’-lamoon.




    An-Naaru – (The Fire) this word aims towards the Fire of Hell. It has been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan at many places and the human beings have been cautioned in all the Heavenly Books of world. Nobody will be able to recommend anyone to be saved from the agony of the Hell. Neither the remuneration will do something and nor there will be any person too much powerful to save anyone.


    ‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudah – (a certain number of days) the Jews had faith that they will be thrown into the Fire only for a few days. After that they will be brought out from it. Different numbers of days have been mentioned in their sayings. Some of them say it seven days, some other say for forty days. It signifies towards the days they did worship of the calf and some persons say that every evil doer will be kept into the Fire equal to his age.


    The children of Israel supposed themselves beloved and fondlings of God Almighty. They used to discuss the favours and kindnesses of Him as certificate which He bestowed upon them from time to time. For this purpose they had invented many false sayings about it. Its proof was not available in their Book. One out of those invented false sayings and false traditions was, “they had faith that if the God Almighty gives them any punishment due to their sins that will be only for a few days. They will not remain into the Hell for ever”.


    God Almighty asks from the children of Israel through His last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him), “Have you received a covenant from Allah” due to which He is compelled to complete it? Either you have invented these false things yourselves or you tell concerning Him that which you do not know. There is no reply of it instead that their all claims like this are only self made. They have no certificate of religion regarding these false speeches.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    The Paradise And The Hell

    Verse – 81 & 82 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


    81.  Nay, but whosoever hath done evil and his sin surroundeth him; such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein for ever.

    82.  And those who believe and do good works; such are rightful owners of the Garden. They will abide therein for ever.

    81.  Balaa man-kasaba sayyi-‘atanw wa ‘ahaatat bihii kha-tiii-‘atuhuu fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika ‘As-haabun-Naar. Hum fiihaa khaliduun.

    82.  Wallaziina ‘aamanuu wa ‘amilus-saalihaati ‘ulaaa-‘ika ‘As-haabul Jannah. Hum fiihaa khaaliduun.




    ‘Ahaatat bihii kha-tiii-‘atuhuu – (his sin surroundeth him) it aims that they adopted the path of evil intentionally and then so rushed into the sins that there was no space remained for the Faith. This condition is of the people of infidelity (those persons who are unbelievers, disbelievers in the true religion and infidals).


    ‘Amilus-saalihaati – (they do good works) Good works are the necessary condition alongwith Belief for achieving the goal of entering into Heaven and for succeeding in this world. The good works are the works which a person acts in accord to the commands of the God Almighty.


    The children of Israel had invented a lot of false fundamental articles of the religion and these faiths were being shifted from previous race to the next, for instance, “they are beloved and fondlings of God Almighty, they will not be punished on their sins and if they will be punished, that punishment will be only for a few days, and that their ancestors and forefathers will get them forgiven from the God Almighty”.


    Behind the shade of these faiths those people used not to commit a mistake from any unlawful act or contraband character and they were involved in this false notion that it is not necessary for them to follow till now the religion and to believe the teachings of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him).


    God Almighty has refuted their false opinions in this verse, and commanded that dependence to be released is on two things:

    •        The person would have faith on the God, the Most High.

    •        Do good works.

    That is to say, dependence of rewards and punishment is on having belief on the commands of God Almighty and acting upon them.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Covenant Of The Children Of Israel

    Verse – 83 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


    And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few, being averse. Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaaqa Baniii-‘Israaa-‘iila laa ta’-bu-duuna ‘illallaah. Wa bil-waali-dayni ‘ihsaananw-wa zil-qur-baa wal-yataamaa wal-masaa-kiini wa quuluu linnaasi hus-nanw-wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz- Zakaah. Summa Tawal-laytum ‘illaa qaliilam- minkum wa ‘antum-mu’-rizuun.




    Miisaaq – (Covenant, promise, pledge, consent, agreement, negotiation, treaty) this covenant of the children of Israel has been mentioned on many other parts in the Holy Qur’aan, it has also been mentioned in the Holy Books Torah and Gospel.


    God Almighty tells the Children of Israel in this verse, “It has become your habit to turn your faces away from the commands of God, the Most High”. So they are being done attentive mentioning their famous covenant.


    This covenant was taken by the God Almighty from the children of Israel that they would never do worship of any other thing except Allah Almighty, be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, treat them politely and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. But these people slid back after making the covenant with God Almighty and could not complete it. There were only a few persons who completed their covenant and cared for their promise.


    Alongwith it the God Almighty commands, “You slid back, being averse”. It means that they were the persons who used to turn away from their covenants and promises habitually and did not remain on it.


    We should learn the lesson from this speech and the covenant which we have done with Allah, the Most High, “The Testimony, that there is none worthy of worship except ALLAH and Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon Him) is HIS Messenger”, we have to act upon the commands of Holy Qur’aan and sayings of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him). We should pass our lives remaining in the circle of this Testimony. We should remember always this faithful promise.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Shedding Blood And Exilement

    Verse – 84 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


    And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings. Then ye ratified (Our covenant) and ye were witnesses (thereto). Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaa-qakum laa tasfikuuna dimaaa-‘akum wa laa tukhrijuuna ‘anfusakum-min- diyaarikum summa ‘aqrartum wa ‘antum tash-haduun.




    Laa tasfikuuna dimaaa-‘akum – (Shed not the blood of your people) safak is matter of tasfikuuna that means to shed, to cause, to flow, and particularly to shed the blood. As a proverb this sentence aims ‘to kill’.


    Talk of the Jews is chained with effect from fifth section of this Surah. The children of Israel had gone astray from their real religion. They used to change and make alteration in the Holy Book of God Almighty Torah, after hearing the commands of Allah Almighty and promising to fulfill it they used to slip from that covenant. They were involved in false and self-invented fidelities. They had doubt that wishing they do how many evils and sins, they would not be punished entirely, but their ancestors would get them saved from the Fire of Hell.


    Refuting the false faiths of the children of Israel the God Almighty disclosed through the Holy Qur’aan, “which is the universal law of salvation”. Only those persons are entitled for the Paradise who believe on the Allah Almighty and do good deeds. Without them the person who is surrounded in the evils, howsoever he will enter into the Hell.


    After talking about the law of salvation the God Almighty commanded the method to be the righteous and good servants of Him, and drew attention towards their covenant.


    Allah Almighty made with them two more covenants: (1)   shed not the blood of their people. (2)    Not to turn (a party of) their people out of their dwellings. Because doing so the collective dignity and fear of the nation will go to end. The opponents will get opportunity to attack over them, get possession over them and become their rulers.


    Then they ratified (God Almighty’s covenant) and they were witnesses (thereto).





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Breaking Promise and Disobedience

    Verse – 85 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


    Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes, supporting one another against them by sin and transgression  –and if they came to you as captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion was itself unlawful for you. Believe ye in part of the Scripture and disbelieve ye in part thereof? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do. Summa ‘antum haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i taqtuluuna ‘anfu-sakum wa tukhrijuuna fariiqam-minkum-min-diyaarihim; ta-zaaharuuna ‘alayhim- bil-‘ismi wal-‘udwaan.  Wa ‘iny-ya’-tuu-kum ‘usaaraa tufaaduuhum wa huwa muharramun ‘alaykum ‘ikhraajuhum.  ‘Afa-tu’-minuu-na bi-ba’-zil-kitaabi wa takfu-ruuna bi-ba’z.  Famaa ja-zaaa-‘u many-yaf-‘alu zaalika minkum ‘illaa khiz-yun- fil-hayaatid-dunyaa. Wa Yaw-mal-Qiyaamati yuradduuna ‘ilaaa ashaddil-‘azaab. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.




    Bil-‘ismi wal-‘udwaan – (by sin and transgression) ism means sin so aasim means sinner. Literal meanings of ‘udwaan are rebellion, violence and transgression. In this verse ‘udwaan is used for tyranny and oppression. From this sentence it is known that as the children of Israel used to kill and shed the blood between them or exile their compatriots and religion-fellows, which was not as per any principle but only due to sin and transgression. Which nation behaves like this with their own people, what a better behaviour that can do with others?


    God Almighty warns the children of Israel in this verse, “We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings.” But you oppose this covenant. You slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes.


    During the times of Last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him) two tribes were populated out of the children of Israel ‘Banu Nazair’ and ‘Banu Quraizah’ in Madina and its vicinity. They used to remain busy in civil war/domestic quarrels habitually. Two tribes of the Infidels of Madina were also populated there. One of the tribes out of Jews used to become friends out of the one tribe of Infidels and the other of the other. Whenever the war used to start, slay and exile became their routine.


    It is known from the history that after the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) cruel contradiction grew between the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. Many people were slain during their wars. Resultantly their government was ruined. They became slaves of the others and compelled to pass their disgrace, infamy and ignominy lives.


    Al-Kitaabu – (Holy Book) here it aims towards the Heavenly Book of the children of Israel named ‘Torah’. This argument is being established upon them that besides following the commands of Holy Qur’aan they do not obey their own Holy Book completely. They obey only those some orders in which they consider their own benefit. Which commands claim for sacrifice they put them behind themselves.


    The Jews first of all used to exile their colleagues after fighting with them. Whenever they used to become prisoners of other nations, then the Jews set them free quickly paying compensation to show their sincerity, still it is fact that it was unlawful for them to exile their religious brothers. So it is found that they obey this order of Torah that the prisoners to be set free, but they do not obey this order that they should not be exiled.


    Allah Almighty commands along with it, “And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do”.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Life Of This World At The Price Of The Hereafter

    Verse – 86 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


    Such are those who buy the life of the world at the price of the Hereafter. So their punishment will not be lightened, neither will they have support. ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtarawul-hayaatad-Dunyaa bil-‘Aa-khirati falaa yukhaffafu ‘an-humul-‘azaabu wa laa hum yunsaruun.




    Bil-‘Aa-khirati – (at the price of the Hereafter) it appears from study of the religious books of Jews that the Faith on Doomsday had not remained in their hearts. It is fact that concept of God Almighty and the Doomsday is main Check and prohibition from evil-doing and sinful life. If the human being has no thought about second eternal life, rewards/remuneration on good deeds and punishment on sins then there is no any method to resist him from sin and evil-doing.


    Laa hum yunsaruun – (they will not be supported) its matter is nasara which means support, help. Ansaar (the supporters) is also from this word and the word Mansur is also from it that means victor and victorious. Meanings of the entire sentence are, “they will not be supported by any one to lighten their punishment”.


    The Jews had fallen in this false suspicion that they wishing how much sins use to do, on the Day of Resurrection their ancestors and pious persons will reach to help them and save them from agony of the Fire. Now the God Almighty has cleared their false faith as wrong and stopped, and commanded that they will not be supported from any side.


    Summary of previous verses has been narrated in this verse that the persons who disobeyed the orders of Allah, the Most high, turned back from their covenant after binding it and sacrificed their religion for their worldly benefits, followed the casual worldly relishes and tastes leaving the rewards, favours and kindnesses of the Day of Resurrection, they have bought casual comfort of this world leaving the welfare of the Doomsday. There will be much difficult calamity for them on the Day of Resurrection. Neither the wrath upon them will be forgiven nor will it be lessen. Those persons should know that no body can set them free and neither any body can help them. After death only the good deeds of each person will support him.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Manifestation Of Jesus Christ

    (God’s Blessings On Him)

    Verse – 87a of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty), and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. Wa laqad ‘aataynaa Muu-sal-Kitaaba wa qaffaynaa mim-ba’-dihii birrusuli wa ‘aatay-naa ‘Iisabna-  Maryamal-Bayyi-naati wa ‘ayyadnaahu bi-ruu-hil-qudus.




    Qaffaynaa – (We caused a train of messengers to follow) after the Prophet Moses chain of Prophets (peace be upon Them) remained coming continuously between the children of Israel. Out of Them famous Prophets are David, Zachariah, John, Yusha’ and Jesus (peace be upon Them).


    ‘Iisaa – (Jesus) the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) is the last Prophet out of the Prophets from the children of Israel (peace be upon Them). No Prophet came in this world from the children of Israel after the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him). After Him Prophet-hood went towards the children of Ishmael. In this dynasty the Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings on Him) was born and after Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him) neither any prophet has come and nor will come. It means that the prophet-hood has finished on Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him). The Prophet Jesus Christ conveyed this good news particularly about gracing with the Last Messenger’s presence (grace, peace and blessings on Him). The year belonging to Jesus starts from the year of His death (peace be upon Him). Nasira is a town in the country of Syria which was His Ancestors’ native country. Due to this relation the people say Him Jesus Christ Nasri (Masiih Nasri).


    Maryama – (Mary) (God’s Blessings on Her) Her father’s name was Imran. She belonged to a very noble family out of the children of Israel. She was also very modest. The Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) was born from Her womb without father.


    ‘Iisabna- Maryama – (Jesus son of Mary) it signifies that the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) was also a mankind. May God forbid! He was not the son of God. However He was a great Prophet and Messenger (peace be upon Him) of God Almighty. Because He (peace be upon Him) was born without father so the relation is given towards mother.


    Al-Bayyi-naat – clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) there is no accommodation for tricks or arguments to deny these clear proofs.


    Ruu-hil-Qudus – (the Holy Spirit) aim of ruu-hil-qudus is the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him). He used to bring the Messages of God Almighty towards the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them). He helped the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Them) in each difficult situation so He is being narrated particularly here in this verse.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Sensuality and Murder Of Prophets

    Verse – 87b of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    Is it ever so, that, when there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which ye yourself desire not, ye grow arrogant, and some ye disbelieve and some ye slay? ‘Afa-kullamaa jaaa-‘akum Rasuulum- bimaa laa tahwaaa ‘anfu-sukumus-takbar-tum. Fa-fariiqan- kazzabtum wa fariiqan-taqtuluun.




    Allah Almighty has bestowed two powers to the human beings:

    •        Power of Belief (faith, religion, certainty and confidence).

    •        Power of action (procedure compliance, operation and practice).


    If these powers are right and straight forward then the path of aim will become easy. In the previous verse the God Almighty has mentioned those bad-nesses and defects of the children of Israel which belong to their power of action. They used to slay each other themselves, exiled the weak persons. Now, in this verse weaknesses of the power of their belief and faith have been disclosed.


    The God Almighty commands, “We bestowed the Book to Moses (peace be upon Him) for their guidance but when the children of Israel began to change the Orders of this Book and disobey them, then We sent many Prophets after Moses (peace be upon Them). But these people disobeyed some of Them too and slew some of Them (peace be upon Them). Then We sent Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) with the Holy Book Gospel and to prove His truth We bestowed many Miracles to Him, and detailed the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him) for His help but the Jews did not shun from their habits and prepared to slay Him (peace be upon Him)”.


    Now Allah Almighty says, “your circumstances are also strange, whenever any Messenger (peace be upon Him) brought the order of God Almighty against your personal means and sensual wishes, you turned your faces from it with proud, falsified some Prophets (peace be upon Them) and slew some of Them.


    The Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) was bestowed with many miracles by the Allah Almighty. For instance He (peace be upon Him) was bestowed to do discerning the blinds, sound the lepers and healthy the ailing, produced Him (peace be upon Him) without father and powered to speak in the cradle etc. But even then the children of Israel did not believe Him (peace be upon Him) and continued opposing and troublesome acts.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Bigotry Of The Children Of Israel

    Verse – 88 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    And they say: Our hearts are enfolded in covers. Nay, but Allah hath cursed them for their unbelief. Little is that which they believe. Wa qaaluu quluubunaa gulf. Bal-la-‘anahumullaahu bi-kufrihim fa-qaliilam-maa yu’-minuun.




    Gulfun – (enfolded in covers) aglaf is its singular. It means, “Covered thing”, the thing which is enfolded in cover and hidden in the curtain. The Jews used to claim that their hearts are enfolded in covers and filled with the teachings of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). So they did not need to accept any new teachings.


    La-‘anahumullaahu – (Allah hath cursed them) La’-nat means distance from the Mercy, some body’s deprival from God Almighty’s Grace and Mercy. It is also called the curse as that person is ignored by all.


    Qaliilan – (very little) it signifies that they used to disclose a dim attention towards the belief off and on and only few persons out of them used to believe. Majority was inclined towards dishonesties, faithless and violence.


    When God Almighty fixed the self made faiths of the Jews as False and the Speech of Allah Almighty proved them wrong clearly then there was no trick or argument remained with the Jews. They began to say that their hearts were enfolded in the covers and nothing could effect on their hearts. They would never obey or become loyal on the instructions of any body.


    The Jews used to state their false proof with much pride but the God Almighty proclaimed clearly that they are totally liars. There is no any enfolded cover. But Allah Almighty has cursed them for their chained unbelief and its covers have enfolded their hearts. They have been removed from His Mercy and Kind. So they do not believe their true religion. Out of them only a few persons have believed on the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings on Him).


    It has been known from this verse that if the human beings either deny from the verses of God Almighty or change them or do transposition of words between them, or disobey continuously then Allah Almighty curses them. The person like this can not attend towards the Religion and Belief.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Intentionally Disbelief

    Verse – 89 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    And when there cometh unto them a Scripture from Allah, confirming that which is in their possession—though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieve—and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be true) they disbelieve therein. So the curse of Allah is on disbelievers. Wa lammaa jaaa-‘ahum Kitaabum-min ‘indillaahi musaddiqul-limaa ma-‘ahum, wa kaanuu min- qablu yastafti-huuna ‘alal-laziina Kafaruu  Falammaa jaaa-‘ahum-maa ‘arafuu kafaruu bihii fala’-natullaahi ‘alal-kaafiriin.



    Kitaabum-min ‘indillaahi – (a Scripture from Allah) here Kitaab signifies towards the Holy Qur’an, whose first address was also for the Jews besides the Infidels of Makkah. Majority of these people was living in Madina.


    Limaa ma-‘ahum – (that which is in their possession) its aim is Torah, the Heavenly Book of the Jews. The Holy Qur’an has used to mention its virtue and proclaimed that the Qur’an is True Book of Allah Almighty; it verifies other previous Heavenly Books. Out of the previous Books the most famous book is Torah which was revealed on the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).


    Yastafti-huuna (were asking for a signal triumph) this word is derived from the word Fatah. In Arabic language it means ‘wish of superiority’ and victory. In this verse its both meanings can be taken. Before the manifestation of Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings on Him), whenever the Jews people were defeated by the natives of Madina, at that time they used to beg from Allah Almighty for victory and help giving the sake of Last Messenger (grace, peace and blessings on Him). This affair had been included in their faith that the Last Prophet (grace, peace and blessings on Him) would come to make them free. They would get freedom after believing on Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him).


    When a Book revealed by Allah Almighty for the Jews in which verification of the principles of the Divine’s law of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) was present then these persons disbelieved, and of whom Last Prophet (grace, peace and blessings on Him) they were waiting for, and for the sake of whom they used to pray for victory against the Infidels, when He, Known Prophet (grace, peace and blessings on Him) came towards them; they began to disbelieve Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him). Now those disbelievers have been cursed by the God Almighty due to their infidelity. And they became victim of wrath of the God Almighty.


    It appears from this statement that the Jews belong to a bigoted and jealous nation and this nation has been cursed from the Mercy of God Almighty due to its bigotry and infidelity.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Result Of Opposite And Bigotry

    Verse – 90 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they should disbelieve in that which Allah hath revealed, grudging that Allah should reveal of His Bounty unto whom He will of His bondmen. They have incurred anger upon anger. And for disbelievers is a shameful doom. Bi’-sa-mash-taraw bihii ‘anfusahum ‘any-yakfuruu bi-maaa- ‘anzalallaahu bagyan ‘any-yunazzilal-laahu min- faz-lihii ‘alaa many-yashaaa-‘u min ‘ibaadih.  Fabaaa-‘uu  bigazabin ‘alaa gazab. Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabum-muhiin.




    Allah Almighty commands in this verse that the children of Israel are limitless selfish and sensual people. They are also stubborn and jealous. They see every thing even that the orders of God Almighty from the business and national point of view and think that their benefit is either in following these orders or disobeying them. If they suppose that they will acquire their personal wishes by changing these orders or by violating them, they shall do that without hesitation.


    Due to the result of bigotry and sensuality jealousy grew into them very severely. Because they wanted to get each type of favour and kind for themselves only as if it was their right by birth. Without distinction of deeds the favours and mercy of God Almighty will remain only for them.


    When Prophet Muhammad (peace, grace and blessings be upon Him) was sent as the Last Messenger of Allah Almighty, the Jews felt a lot of restlessness. Fire of jealousy blazed into them that why the prophet-hood has been transferred into the children of Ishmael instead of their dynasty. Whereas they should know that the God Almighty gives His virtue him to whom He wishes and bestows Prophet-hood and Mission to him. But the Jews refused to believe the Last Messenger Muhammad (peace, grace and blessings upon Him) due to their opposite and did not return towards the right path.


    Due to the Jews’ chained infidelity and denying they have incurred anger upon anger of God Almighty. And for disbelievers is a shameful doom on the Day of Resurrection.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Refusal Of Invitation For Belief

    Verse – 91 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    And when it is said unto them: Believe in that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We believe in that which was revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that which cometh after it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the Prophets of Allah aforetime, if ye are (indeed) believers? Wa ‘izaa qiila lahum ‘aa-minuu bimaaa ‘anzalal-laahu  qaaluu nu’-minu bimaaa ‘un-zila ‘alaynaa wa yakfuruuna bimaa waraaa-‘ahuu wa huwal-Haqqu musaddiqal-limaa ma-‘ahum. Qul falima taqtuluuna ‘ambiyaaa-‘al-laahi min- qablu ‘in- kuntum-mu’miniin.



    As you have studied previously that when the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace, glory and blessings on Him) invited the children of Israel to accept Islam, they replied that their hearts have already been filled with these orders of God Almighty which are present in our Heavenly Book Torah so they have no need of any new teachings and new revelation.


    Allah Almighty has disclosed in this verse that this claim of theirs’ is also false because they do not believe too even their Heavenly Books entirely and do not follow their orders. It is its proof that they have used to falsify their Prophets (peace be upon Them), moreover they have slain some of Them. If they had faith completely on that Book and its Commands they might not be so disobedient.


    After providing this proof the God Almighty warns them that they have gone astray entirely from the Straight Path and have left the true religion so it is better for them to adopt the Religion Islam and admit the Holy Qur’an. It is the Last Heavenly Book. This Book verifies their Books itself and presents them in duly corrected shape. Without believing on the Last Book of Allah Almighty their claim of believing on their own Books is totally wrong.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Worship Of Calf

    Verse – 92 & 93 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    92.  And Moses came unto you with clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty), yet while he was away, ye chose the calf (for worship) and ye were wrongdoers.

    93.  And when We made with you a covenant and caused the (Mount) Toor to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and hear (Our Word), they said: We hear and disobey. And (worship of) the calf was made to sink into their hearts because of their rejection (of the covenant). Say (unto them): Evil is that which your belief enjoineth on you, if ye are believers.

    92.  Wa laqad jaaa-‘akum-Muu-saa  bil-Bayyinaati summat-takhaz-tumul-‘ijla mim- ba’-dihii wa ‘antum zaalimuun.

    93.  Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaa-qakum wa rafa’-naa fawqa-kumut-Tuur. Khuzuu maaa ‘aataynaakum- bi-quwwa-tinw-wasma-‘uu. Qaaluu sami’-naa wa ‘asaynaa; wa ‘ush-ribuu fii quluubihimul-‘ijla bi-kufrihim. Qul bi’-samaa ya’-murukum- bihiii  ‘iimaanukum  ‘in-kuntum-mu’-miniin.



    In the previous verse Allah Almighty has proved the claim of Jews wrong that they were following entirely on the Divine of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and now they do not need any new Religion or Divine. God Almighty had commanded against it that they had falsified their many Prophets and some of Them were even slain by them.


    Now in this verse God Almighty commands that He sent the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and bestowed Him also a lot of miracles but knowing all this even then children of Israel began worship of the calf. They left Oneness of God and overtook infidelity and ascribed plurality to God Almighty.


    Then the God Almighty made covenant from them in the base of Mountain Toor on some Orders to be obeyed. At that time due to fear of God Almighty they promised but later on they refused to admit it. So at last Allah, the Most high says, “If your faith, of which you claim, teaches you to slay the Prophets (peace be upon Them), worship the calf instead of God Almighty and break the covenant then your this faith teaches you wrong-doings. How can it be a true Belief?



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Long For Death

    Verse – 94 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


    Say (unto them): If the abode of the Hereafter in the providence of Allah is indeed for you alone and not for others of mankind (as ye pretend), then long for death (for ye must long for death) if ye are truthful. Qul  ‘in-kaanat lakumud-Daarul-‘Aakhiratu  ‘indallaahi   khaalisatam-min-duunin-naasi  fatamannawul-mawta  ‘in-kuntum  saadiqiin.




    God Almighty has refuted some other fidelity of the children of Israel in this verse. You have studied earlier that the children of Israel had stood firm on their self invented and false faiths. One out of them was that only they will go into Heaven after death and they will be alone heir of the Paradise. Except them neither any nation of the world will be forgiven and nor will enter the Paradise.


    Allah Almighty has proved wrong this self invented and false belief with very simple understanding argument. The children of Israel have been told through the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings upon Him) that if they were true in their claim that they were alone heir of the Heaven and they would enter the Paradise certainly then they should show long for death, because the person who has faith that after death he will certainly enter the Paradise, he would not have any fear for long of death. There are a lot of difficulties and calamities in this world and in the Paradise there are each type of blessings and facilities. So the person who claims as a heir of the Paradise, he should try to face that world to leave for good this world as soon as possible so that he may get a comfortable life for ever after getting rid of these calamities and difficulties.


    This very reason has been produced for the children of Israel that if they certainly believe about the Paradise as that is only for them and except them no other nation will enter into it then they should show to long for death (for they must long for death) if they are truthful.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Greed For long life

    Verse – 95 & 96 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


    95.   But they will never long for it, because of that which their own hands have sent before them. And Allah is Aware of evildoers.

    96.    And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and (greedier) than the idolaters. (Each) one of them would like to be allowed to live a thousand years. And to live (a thousand years) would by no means remove him from the doom. And Allah is Seer of what they do.

    95.   Wa lany-yatamannaw-hu ‘abadam- bimaa qaddamat ‘aydiihim. Wallaahu ‘Aliimum-biz-zaalimiin.


    96.   Wa la-tajidannahum  ‘ah-rasan-naasi ‘alaa hayaah. Wa minallaziina ‘ashrakuu yawad-du ‘ahaduhum law yu-‘ammaru ‘alfa sanah. Wa maa huwa bi-muzahzihihii minal-‘azaabi ‘any-yu-‘ammar. Wallaahu Basiirum- bimaa ya’-maluun.




    In this verse Allah Almighty has explained completely about reality of the children of Israel. It means that although they claim to be the only Heirs of the Paradise. Therefore they are being commanded to show the long for death. But they will never be prepared to accept it. They don’t want to intend to leave luxuries of this world entirely and to face the world hereafter. There is only one reason for it that they haven’t faith on purity of their claim. They just tell a lie. They know very well about the evildoings and immoralities which they have done in this world, they shall have to face the punishment for their sins. So they wish that they might get the life as long as possible, so that they may enjoy luxuries of this world for maximum period and be saved from agony of dooms day.


    Every body out of them wants to remain in this world for thousands of the years, so that he may get more worldly benefits and be saved from agony. But God Almighty gives caution to them that wishing they get more life, they can’t save themselves from agony of Allah Almighty because He knows their each deed.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Enmity Of The Gabriel

    Verse – 97 & 98 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


    97.  Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah’s leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad-tidings to believers.

    98.  Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael! Then, lo! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers.

    97.  Qul man- kaana ‘aduwwal-li-Jibriila fa-‘innahum nazza-lahuu ‘alaa qalbika bi-‘iznillaahi musaddiqal-limaa bayna ya-dayhi wa hudanw-wa  bushraa  lil-Mu’-miniin.



    98.  Man-kaana ‘aduwwal-lil-laahi  wa malaaa-‘ikatihii wa rusulihii wa Jibriila wa Mii-Kaala  fa-‘innallaaha  ‘aduwwul-lil-Kaafiriin.




    Jibriila – (Gabriel) it is the name of a great Angel. He has a very sensitive responsibility as He conveys Revelation of the God Almighty to the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them). He is counted as out of the closely to God Almighty and arch angel.


    In this verse God Almighty has opened some other secrets of the children of Israel’s false and meaningless argument. The Jews used to say that which torture used to descend over their forefathers from time to time, the news of that torture were revealed by Gabriel (peace be upon Him). He was their national enemy. For whom out of Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) He will bring the revelation, they will not accept Him (peace be upon Him). This Angel also brings revelation towards the Prophet of Islam, the last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), besides this He discloses their secrets, conspiracies and plans over the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) so they would not agree to accept Him (peace be upon Him).


    Allah Almighty has replied in this verse that position of the Gabriel (peace be upon Him) is only as an Angel who conveys the messages of the God Almighty to the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them). In fact each type of command, order, agony, torture or Speech is revealed from the Allah Almighty. The enmity of the Gabriel, some other Angels and Messengers (peace be upon Them) is totally meaningless and the Infidels will be punished severely due to their enmity with God Almighty


    Allah Almighty has narrated three virtues of Holy Qur’an in this verse:


    •        It verifies the principles of previous Heavenly Books.

    •        This Holy Book shows the straight path.

    •        It causes to hear happy news for the Believers about good rewards and success.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Breaking Of The Promise By The Jews

    Verse – 99 & 100 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


    99.  And verily We have revealed unto thee clear verses, and only miscreants will disbelieve in them.

    100.  Is it ever so that when they make a covenant a party of them set it aside? The truth is, most of them believe not.

    99.  Wa laqad ‘anzalnaaa ‘ilay-ka ‘Aayaatim- bayyinaat. Wa maa yakfuru bihaaa ‘illal-faasi-quun.100.  ‘Awa- kullamaa  ‘aahaduu ‘ahdan-nabazahuu fariiqum-minhum.  Bal ‘aksaruhum laa yu’-minuun.



    ‘Aayaatim- bayyinaat – (clear verses), ‘Aayaat means verses, literally it means ‘tokens’, ‘signs’. The word ‘Aayaat is used for many purposes i.e. punctuations in the Holy Qur’an, Orders, Instructions and Commands of God Almighty are also called ‘Aayaat, and all those speeches and things which are signs of the Power of God Almighty, will be included in its meanings.


    Bayyinaat – its singular is Bayyinah that means clear, bright. The meanings of all this sentence may be the Holy Qur’an too as well as Miracles and Orders of the God Almighty.


    The children of Israel were materialists so the God Almighty bestowed their Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) with miracles outward and relating to matter. Near to them proof of the truth of any Prophet (peace be upon Him) was that He (peace be upon Him) would have the Miracles. When the Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) were sent, the children of Israel said surprisingly, “of what sort is this Prophet? He has no sign or token of prophet-hood. Replying them Allah Almighty commanded, “You demand one sign of Prophet-hood, We have bestowed many signs and tokens to Our Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) and those signs & tokens are neither hidden nor dim, moreover these are clear and bright verses which may be seen by everyone. After looking them any person who has true nature can not deny from them. Only those persons will disbelieve who has become habitual of breaking the Laws of God Almighty and violating His Orders.


    History of the children of Israel has been filled with the happenings of treachery, breaking the covenants, disobeying and violence. Whenever any Messenger of Allah Almighty brought towards them the Clear Verses, they falsified Him. Moreover after making the covenant to obey the God Almighty and His Prophet (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) they did not remain firm on it. This habit of refusal and disobeying of the Jews stopped them to accept the prophet-hood of the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him).




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Opposing The Scripture Of Allah

    Verse –101 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


    And when there cometh unto them a Messenger from Allah, confirming that which they possess, a party of those who have received the scripture fling the scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they knew not. Wa lammaa jaaa-‘a hum Rasuulum-min ‘indillaahi mu-saddiqul-limaa ma-‘ahum nabaza fariiqum-minal-laziina   ‘uutul-kitaaba,  kitaaballaahi waraaa-‘a  zuhuurihim  ka-‘an-nahum laa ya’-lamuun.




    Rasuulun – (Messenger) the person carrying message. This word is used for all the Prophets (peace be upon Them). It is revealed from the way of narration of this verse that it signifies towards the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Religious commentators, research scholars and philosophers have also taken these meanings of the verse.


    Ma-‘ahum – (they possess) it aims the Holy Book Torah, of which guidance the children of Israel did not admit. These persons did not believe also the last Messenger and Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), still vast signs and foretelling had been mentioned in that Holy Book (Torah). The Jewish Scholars tried their best to hide these foretelling and the common Jewish people opposed limitless the Islam and the Muslims still their salvation was connected with the faith of Islam.


    Waraaa-‘a  zuhuurihim – (behind their backs) it is a proverb that means, “they used carelessness and opposed it practically”.


    In this verse it is being told to the children of Israel that the Last Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) has not come to efface their religion but He (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) has come to refresh and provide it a new life. So not obeying Him (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is like ruining entirely their religion by themselves digging its roots.


    Besides all these speeches the children of Israel began opposing Islam publicly and which glad tidings about inspiration of the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) had been mentioned in Torah, and which signs and tokens were narrated, to hide them they changed the Torah and apparently became strangers. As though they didn’t know that support and authentication regarding the last Prophet (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is present in it.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Acts Of The Black Magic

    Verse –102a of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


    And they followed that which the devils falsely related during the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Wattaba-‘uu maatatlush-shayaa-tiinu ‘alaa mulki- Sulay-maan. Wa maa kafara Sulay-maanu wa laakinnash-shayaa-tii-na kafaruu  yu-‘allimuunan-naa-sas-sihr,  wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘alal-malakayni  bi-Baabila Haaruuta  wa  Marrut.




    Ash-shayaa-tiinu – (plural of Satan) those demons are also meant from this word who were subordinates of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) besides the devil, and they were violent and of evil spirit. The demons have been produced from the fire. They have wisdom and decency. This creature can not be seen by the human beings.


    Some commentators have indicated about the ash-shayaa-tiin as persons of bad nature and addle mannered that used to take part in the rebellion against the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) and accused Him falsely of various sorts. These devils were very at home in magic.


    Sulay-maan – (Solomon) He was a very famous Prophet (peace be upon Him) out of the children of Israel, and He was a very powerful King of His era. Besides Syria and Palestine limitations of His Government had been spread up to Iraq in the east and up to Egypt in the West. His kingdom was of a great splendor and magnificent.


    In this verse God Almighty has aimed towards other intolerant act of the children of Israel that these people except admitting the true revelation of Allah Almighty follow the magic, black magic and witchcraft. These magic and witchcrafts are those acts which the devils had spread during the times of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) these witchcrafts comprising on the infidel speeches, were achieved unlawfully and were used for bad purposes.


    These persons used to do the acts of magic and infidelity themselves but betrothed towards the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him). They blamed Him that He teaches the magic. But the God Almighty proclaimed unaccountability of the Prophet Solomon through the Holy Qur’an, and told that these were entirely liars.


    Al-malakayni –  (two Angels) God Almighty sent two Angels in Babel to prevent the people from using the magic and witchcraft. Their names were Harut and Marut. These Angels had to live between the human beings. So their faces, bodies, colors, habits and emotions were like the human beings.


    Baabil – (Babel) it is old name of Iraq Arabia. Name of the Capital of the country was also Babel. This city was 60 Miles away from present city Baghdad towards south on the river bank of Frat. It was a big, developed and most fortunate city. Its agricultural area was irrigated by two famous rivers (Dajla and Frat). This country was also particularly famous due to magic, black magic, witchcrafts and other infernal practices.


    As-sihr – (magic) in Arabic language as-sihr is also used for deception. It means that a thing with which the eyesight of the human being may be deceived. In it reality differs from the evident. Between magic and Miracle there is a great difference besides other things that in the miracle the condition is changed but with the magic reality does not change. Only the eyesight is deceived. The Jews used to learn and teach this knowledge for getting worldly bad advantages.


    According to the Islamic Laws the magic is unlawful. Reason is clear that the Magicians use the sentences of infidelity, adopt unlawful methods and bring the magic in use for good and bad acts. How a Prophet and Angel (peace be upon Them) may do the works like this?



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Badness Of The Black Magic

    Verse –102b & 103 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


    Nor did they (the two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the guidance of Allah). And from these two (angels) people learn that by which they cause division between man and his wife; but they injure thereby no-one save by Allah’s leave. And they learn that which harmeth them and profiteth them not. And surely they do know that he who trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which they sell their souls, if they but knew.

    103.  And if they had believed and kept away from evil, a recompense from Allah would certainly have been better, if they had only known.

    Wa maa yu-‘all-imaani min ‘ahadin hatta ya-quulaaa ‘innamaa nahnu fitna-tun, falaa takfur.  Fayata-‘alla-muuna minhumaa maa yufar-riquuna bihii baynal-mar-‘i wa zawjih. Wa maa hum- bi-zaaar-riina bihii min ‘ahadin ‘illaa bi-‘iznil-laah. Wa yata-‘alla-muuna maa yazurruhum wa laa yanfa-‘uhum. Wa laqad ‘alimuu lama-nishtaraahu maa lahu fil ‘Aakhirati min kha-laaq. Wa labi’- sa maa sharaw bihiii ‘anfusa-hum. Law kaanuu ya’-lamuun.

    103.  Wa law ‘annahum ‘aamanuu wattaqaw  lamasuubatum-min ‘indillaahi khayr. Law kaa-nuu ya’-lamuun.




    Yu-‘all-imaani – (they both taught) this word is from Ta’-liim. It means to teach. But here this word isn’t used in these meanings that the angels used to teach the magic to people. Moreover the meanings of Ta’-liim are to inform, to show and to tell here.


    Fitna-tun-(disorder, badness, quarrel, test, examination, temptation) Here it is used in the meanings of test & examination only.


    Some quarrelsome persons of Babel used to come near the Angels and said, “you prevent us from black magic and witchcraft but let we know about the magic. Which are the acts of magic on using them is infidelity? After replying them when the angels used to tell them about magic, its actions and words, then these evil-doers listened carefully and used it as art.


    Allah Almighty commands also about this mischief that these people exercised the particular branch of magic with the help of which they produced quarrel and misunderstanding between husband and wife. Moreover it is the worst evil-doing creating misunderstanding between the two hearts, and specially creating fight between husband and wife.


    Advice of Harut and Marut was to be enough that they used to tell themselves a test and prevent Jews from infidelity and evil. But they didn’t learn the lesson. They didn’t listen to their advice but used to act violently and evil-doing.


    Although they used magic to harm others but Allah Almighty says that without His order they cannot harm anyone. Moreover they will harm themselves from it. They are going to mar their own future by doing these evil acts. It is possible that they get some temporary worldly benefits but at the end ((on the Doomsday they have no blessing.


    Allah Almighty says that these people have sacrificed the advantages of the Day of Resurrection in exchange of worldly customary advantage. That is much harmful for them. If they would have adopted the right path instead of this way, believed on Allah and had fear of His agony, Allah would give them better reward surely.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Misuse Of The Words

    Verse –104 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


    O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): “Listen to us” but say “Look upon us”, and be ye listeners. And for disbelievers is a painful doom. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa taquuluu  raa-‘inaa  wa quulunzurnaa  was-ma-‘uu.  Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabun  ‘aliim.




    Raa-‘inaa – (Listen to us, show us favour)


    Unzurnaa – (Look upon us) this word has also the same meanings, “Listen to us, show us favour”. The children of Israel used to be present in the Conference of the Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), and listened to the advice and preaching. Whenever they could not listen to any speech and wished to ask again then they used to say raa-‘ina.


    Listening from them the word raa-‘ina some times the Muslims also began to use this word. The God Almighty prevented them not to use this word. If they wish to say, they should use the word unzurnaa. In fact the children of Israel used to say this word raa-‘ina due to ill-will and joke. They intentionally used the word raa-‘ina as ra-‘iina, that means ‘our shepherd’ and in the Jewish language the word raa-‘ina is also used for the fool, blockhead, most foolish, stupid and idiot.


    Allah Almighty prohibited the Muslims from use of this word (raa-‘ina) and commanded to replace it as unzurnaa, that means “Look upon us”. The aspect of joke or censure is not found in this word. Along with use of this word it has also been ordered to ‘be ye listeners’ (was-ma-‘uu) so that you would not have to ask again for repetition.


    It is also learnt from the command of is-ma-‘uu that the sayings, advices and preaching of the Prophet of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) should be listened with meditation. So the persons who consider that only the Holy Qur’an is sufficient for guidance of the human beings, they should learn from this decision of Holy Qur’an itself and imagine that how much it has been pressed to listen and accept the Sayings, advice and preaching according to this verse and many other verses. It has also been mentioned in an other verse that decision of the Messenger of Allah (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is the last and final decision for you in each matter. (Surah An-Nissa). “O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority; then if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end”. (IV : 59)


    At the end the God Almighty commands that the persons who are prepared to do insolence of the Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) calling Him with bad words and making fun of Him are the disbelievers and for disbelievers is a painful doom.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Religious Persecution Of The Infidels

    Verse –105 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


    Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your Lord. And Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will. And Allah is of Infinite Bounty. Maa  yawaddullaziina kafaruu min- ‘Ahlil-kitaabi  wa lal-Mushrikiina  ‘any-yunazzala  ‘alaykum-min  khayrim-mir-Rabbikum.  Wallaahu yakh-tassu  bi-rahmatihii many-ya-shaaa’.  Wallaahu  Zul-Fazlil-‘aziim.




    Allaziina kafaruu – (those who disbelieve, the Infidels) This word is derived from kafara. Literal meanings of kafara are ‘to hide’. In the phrase of Islam disbeliever of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is called Infidel


    ‘Ahlil-kitaabi – (The people of the Scripture) this phrase has been used many times in the Holy Qur’an. ‘Ahlil-kitaab is said to those people who have any revealed and heavenly Book. It is an other class besides the Believers and the Infidels. The most famous out of them are the children of Israel and Christians who have the Revealed Books (Torah and Gospel). Alas! These both classes went astray gradually from the teachings of these Books.


    Al-Mushrikiina – (the idolaters) this word has come out from the word shirk which means partnership. The idolater is the person, who settles partners either in the Oneness of God Almighty or in His Virtues or in His Power and Commands. And he makes His partner worshipped in spite of One God.


    Allah Almighty has commanded in this verse that all the Infidels, Idolaters and the people of the Scripture are filled with envy on the matter that why the God Almighty bestows blessings and favours over Muslims leaving them.


    Then He said that He chooses for His favours to whom He wishes. So no body should become jealous over any other. From which nations the Prophet Hood had been snatched, that was not due to the avarice of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) but this favour was forfeited from the children of Israel due to their own acts.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Abrogation Of The Verses

    Verse –106 & 107 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


    106.  Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate or cause be forgotten, but We bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things?

    107.  Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. And ye have not,  beside Allah, any guardian or helper?

    106.  Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin ‘aw nunsihaa na’-ti bi-khayrim-minhaaa ‘aw mislihaa.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.

    107.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha lahuu mulkus-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa maa lakum- min- duu-nillaahi  minw-waliyyinw-wa laa  nasiir.



    Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin – (Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate) there are two words considerable in this sentence:

    • ‘aa-yat (literal meanings are sign and token) and many things are aimed from it like miracles which have sign of the Power of God Almighty and prophet hood of the Prophet, Command and order of The Lord Almighty, and the verses of the Holy Qur’an (round signs) etc.


    • Nansakh (We abrogate) to order in place of the previous order which may be better than that or the like thereof, to finish the first order and bring (in place) one better or alike. As far as there is concern to change the miracle, in that case it is a common thing that the God Almighty may abrogate one miracle and may bring one better or alike to which He considers better according to the change of time. As far as there is concern about the other meanings, in it two additional matters come out: One is the verses of previous Heavenly Books and the second is the verses of Holy Qur’an itself. Abrogation of the previous Heavenly Books after revelation of the Holy Qur’an is then quite openly matter.


    The signs of the verses of Holy Qur’an (round signs) have been applied later on. In the beginning these signs did not exist. So the question regarding abrogation of these signs does not grow. Moreover it seems the right saying, “Aim regarding abrogation of the verses is that the new Commands and Orders of God Almighty have been revealed in the Holy Qur’an in place of His previous Orders and Commands mentioned in His Old Heavenly Books Torah and Gospel), and these Commands abrogate the old Orders.



    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Questioning The Messenger

    (Glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him)

    Verse –108 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


    Or would ye question your Messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime? He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith, verily be hath gone astray from a right path. ‘Am turiiduuna  ‘an- tas-‘aluu  Rasuulakum  kamaa  su- ‘ila  Muusaa  min-  qabl.   Wa  many-‘yatabaddalil-kufra  bil-‘iimaani  faqad zalla sawaaa-‘assabiil.



    We have studied about abrogation of the verses in the last lesson that The God Almighty ‘Such of His Revelation as He abrogates or causes to be forgotten, but He brings (in place) one better or the like thereof’. It is proved in the light of events/incidents and history that whenever any Heavenly Book was caused to be forgotten or abrogated then one better or the like thereof was revealed in place of it and the Servants of The God Almighty were not disappointed from the Guidance of Allah Almighty.


    Now one famous matter is being illuminated in this verse that is the guidance about asking questions from the Messenger Merciful Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). The children of Israel used to try the production of various sort of doubts in the hearts of Muslims about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) and The Holy Qur’an, and said them to ask replies from the Prophet of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) to clear their doubts. Actually they had aimed that if the Muslims do not accept their religion then they at the very least will become suspicious from their own religion and Islamic teachings. Some Muslims used to ask unreasonable questions from the Last Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) unknowing the conspiracy and plan of the children of Israel. The God Almighty prohibited them from this thing.


    There is also another purpose of prohibition to ask questions from the Prophet of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Due to questioning over and over it becomes cause in increasing the difficulties and restrictions over oneself by the human beings. Easy commands become difficult. In the matters in which a person had freedom, after the revelation of orders that person has been restricted. It all was happened with the children of Israel. For instance story of the Cow exists in front of us.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Envy Of The People Of The Scripture

    Verse –109 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


    Many of the People of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command. Lo! Allah is able to do all things. Wadda kasiirum-min  ‘Ah-lil-Kitaabi  law  yarudduuna- kum- mim- ba’-di ‘iimaanikum  kuf-faaraa.  Hasadam-min ‘indi ‘an-fusihim-mim- ba’-di maa tabay-yana  lahumul-Haqq.  Fa’-fuu was-fahuu  hattaa  ya’-tiyallaahu bi-‘amrih.   ‘Innal-laaha ‘alaa  kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.




    The behaviour of disbelievers and children of Israel has been discussed in the last lesson that they had used to ask questions from their Prophets (peace be upon Them) again and again. At last they chose the way of infidelity leaving the belief due to their false manners. Now the Muslims are being warned that they have long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth has become manifest unto them. Cause of this passion into the Infidels and the children of Israel is that they have hearty envy and malice against Islam and Muslims.


    Envy means to pine/enrage in the heart looking someone’s any goodness, success, excellence, beauty and quality. And wish to rob from him, it should become of mine. He (the envious) not only does the enmity with someone but in fact he criticizes the Religion of Allah Almighty. And without any reason he envies in his heart. None can get something from envy. However morality of him is enraged unavoidable. And his belief becomes deficient.


    Allah Almighty Commanded, “Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command”, wait till the time they might not reach at the last stage of enmity, and controversy is not firmed.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Store For The Doomsday

    Verse –110 of 286, Section – 13 (Part Three-Fourth) (Part  – 1)


    And establish worship, and pay the poor-due. And whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do. Wa  ‘aqiimus-Salaata  wa ‘aatuz-Zakaah.  Wa maa  tuqad-dimuu  li-‘anfusikum-min khay-rin- taji-duuhu  ‘indallaah.  ‘In-nallaaha bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir.




    As you have already studied that the main cause of not accepting the Islam by the children of Israel was their envy. They were burning that why the prophet hood has been bestowed to the children of Ishmael snatching from the children of Israel. They were refusing to admit the Just only due to the fire of envy and jealousy.


    They also wanted to include the Muslims with their disbeliever companions after leaving their religion Islam. So they used to try for growing different types of suspicious thoughts in their hearts. They used to criticize the religion Islam and personality of the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) . They imagined that if the Muslims will not leave their religion then at the very least them will become suspicious certainly from their religion side. So hence the religion Islam will become weak.


    Allah Almighty commanded the Muslims to resist the attack and remove the try of the children of Israel that they must not attend to them. Moreover, wait for the proclamation of the last command Jihad (to try and strive) of God Almighty and during this period be frozen on two basic principles. (1)  Establish the prayer. (2)  Pay the poor-due. These two principles are like two main pillars due to which the power of both (individual as well as the nation) increases and that can not be rebelled from the religion.


    Besides other unlimited advantages organization of the nation becomes powerful due to establish the prayer. Relationship between the persons themselves becomes profound. And they remain united for each other. The wealth is divided with the poor-due. The poor becomes rich and they can not be changed due to greed and cause of their financial weakness.


    It has also been told that if you will continue this good act then you will get reward from your Lord Almighty because He witnesses your each act. Even a little try of any person does not become fruitless.


    So to escape ourselves from the conspiracies and attacks of the enemies we should catch with firmness these two principles.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Who Deserves The Paradise

    Verse –111 & 112 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    111.  And they say: None entereth Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.

    112.     Nay, but whosoever  surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.

    111.   Wa qaaluu lany-yad-khu-lal-jannata  ’illaa man- kaana Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa. Tilka ‘amaaniyyu-hum Qul haatuu burhaanakum ‘in-kuntum saadiqiin.

    112.   Balaa man  ‘aslama wajha-huu lillaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahuuu ‘ajruhuu  ‘inda Rabbih; wa laa khawfun  ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanuun.




    Amaaniyyu-hum: (their desires) It is plural of Amniah which means desire.


    wajha-huu: (his own face) literal meanings of wajhi are face or mouth but often in sentence its meanings are body or person. Here it aims towards these meanings.


    The worst depravity of all the previous nations and ancient religious people is that they destroyed the truth making separate groups between themselves which in fact was just one and was bestowed to all equally. Now each group falsifies the other and just imagines itself only the heir of truth. Children of Israel were also involved in this depravity and they thought that the truth is held only with them, only they will proceed to the Heaven. The Holy Qur’an commanded that these are their self made stories and liar desires. They should produce if they have any proof.


    Now Holy Qur’an has been revealed so that all the groups may be gathered on this common truth. Piety is only in becoming sincere to Allah Almighty and doing good deeds. None of the groups can claim that she is true and other all are liars. God Almighty Commands that the person who will obey the orders of Allah Almighty and will choose the path of goodness, he will succeed. Doing so neither he will have any grief of his previous life, nor any fear of next happening. It is the sign of Saints of God Almighty’s satisfaction (Servants of Allah Almighty).




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Forming Groups Into Religion

    Verse –113 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ. Wa  qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa  ‘alaa shay’;  wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa  laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab.   Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla  qawlihim.   Fal-laahu Yahkumu  baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.





    laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ilm  means knowledge of Heavenly Books, and the persons who do not have the knowledge signify towards the Idolaters and followers of each that religion which has no base on any Heavenly Book.


    Baynahum – (between them) it is meant those two groups out of them one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.


    All the people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the teachings and truth bestowed by the Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance while the children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of the God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) they began to say them Infidels, although these both groups recite the Books bestowed by the God Almighty.


    The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Book but they have made themselves these faiths that they are on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the Arabia and other Infidels are included in these people.


    The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the orders of Allah Almighty and to do the good acts. That person will be on the straight path who acts upon these two principles.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    The Persons Who Ruin The Mosques

    Verse –114 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom. Wa man  ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidallaahi  ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuhuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin.  Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.




    Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place where prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. Masjid is derived from the word Sajdah that means ‘Prostration’, to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground. As per sayings by one of the Scholars it means the Inviolable Place of Worship, the temple of Makkah (Masjid-i-Haraam).


    For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:


    •        The Christians waged a war against the children of Israel, burnt the Holy Book Torah and ruined the Temple and city of Jerusalem.


    •        The Infidels of Makkah stopped the Muslims to visit the House of Ka’-ba (the temple of Makkah) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaibiah only due to their envy.

    It had become the limit of religious envious and forming the groups in the religion of the people of the Scripture that respect for places of worship of the other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and stopped the people of other groups to enter into their places of worship. Moreover they all claim that they believe on One God.


    The religious scholars told that as the places of worship populate with the prayers, it will be supposed destruction of the mosques due to bad deeds and talks. Besides this all those things which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. So we should abstain from those things due to which the gaiety of the mosques lessens and the people stop to come in the mosques.


    Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, tremble their hearts due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities so they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will get awful doom in the Day of Resurrection.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Allah’s Countenance Is On Each Side

    Verse –115 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah’s Countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing. Wa  lillaahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib;  Fa-‘aynamaa tu-walluu fa-samma waj-hul-laah.  ‘Innallaaha  waasi-‘un ‘Aliim.



    Waj-hu – literally it means Face. Its other meanings are body, person, kind, nature. So it aims that on which side you will turn the God Almighty exists there. Wherever you will go you will find Allah there. The East and the West, the North and the South all belong to Allah Almighty.


    During the times of Ignorance the people had faith, “Allah Almighty is also in the detention of Time and place, so we would have to turn our bodies towards that particular side”. They used to suppose that direction themselves and after turning their faces to that side they used to do worship. There was also dispute on this matter between the children of Israel and the Christians themselves. Each religious group had fixed a direction and they meditated this direction better.


    The Holy Qur’an refuted this false belief of theirs and commanded that the Allah Almighty is neither limited in any enclosure of the particular place of worship nor He is imprisoned in any place or direction, but wherever He will be called with purity and sincerity He will be attentive. He does not belong particularly to any particular place, particular city or particular direction.


    God Almighty neither only likes the East and nor only the West but all the directions are of Him. He has already surrounded the entire Universe. He is unlimited. He is present everywhere. So turning on which place and on which side He will be called with sincerity, He shall be attentive. He knows very well that who calls Him with the true heart and who calls Him only to show the others.


    One Revelation Grace of this verse is narrated as that because it is difficult for the traveler and the rider to know the direction of the Temple of Makkah, so for that time it has been commanded that turning on which direction you will do worship, that will be accepted because God Almighty is masterly present on each direction and each place. Accordingly this is the matter that if you do not know the correct direction of the Temple of Makkah, you should offer prayer turning to that side to which your heart witnesses. And if you are riding on any conveyance and direction of conveyance changes, you would have to continue and complete your temporary prayer.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Allah Hath No Children Of Him

    Verse –116 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him. Wa qaalutta  -khazallaahu  waladan, Subhaanah.  Bal-lahuu  maa fis-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Kullul-lahuu  qaanituun.



    In the last verse it was discussed that the concept of children of Israel and the Christians is false about likeness of a particular direction by the God Almighty, “so we should turn to that particular direction for turning towards Him”. Allah Almighty refuted it and commanded that He is not bound in any side or boundary of the place of worship. But He is the Master of the entire Universe and there are no limitations for Him, so you can turn your faces and bodies to any side for His worship. He will be attentive towards you.


    Itta  -khaza – (has, have, make, catch, to choose, to elect, to fix upon, to assume, to adopt) translation of all the words is understood as the same.

    Qaanituun – (subservient, loyal, servant) Singular to this word is Qaanat which means the person who obeys the order, obedient. The word Qanuut is derived from it. Benediction of the Witr prayer is called the Qanuut prayer because there is complete obeying and obedience of Allah Almighty in it.


    The Christians had another false belief that God Almighty has adopted as His son to the Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) (I seek shelter in Allah from this thought). This faith of theirs’ is the worst kind of plurality in God Almighty. Allah Almighty commands that He is Pure and Sacred from their all these types of false talks of plurality. He has no child. He is One. He is Master of the entire Universe. All that is present in the earth and skies is obedient of His Order. His Emperor is everywhere. His relation with the creature is that the entire universe, demons and the human beings are worshipers and obedient to Him. He is the Worshiped and God of all. All the things in the universe have bent their heads in front of His Order. It is also the human beings’ excellence to bend their heads in front of Him and not to obey anyone else except Him.


    Muslim nation is Flag -holder of Oneness of God and she preaches the faith that infidelity (i.e. ascribing plurality) to Allah is the greatest sin. We should avoid from it and we should believe on the Unity of God by heart.




    Be! And It Is

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –117 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    The Originator of the heavens and the earth! And when He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! And it is. Badii-‘us-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa  ‘izaa qazaaa ‘amran- fa- ‘innamaa yaquulu lahuu  “KUN”  fayakuun.



    Badii-‘un – (The Originator without matter and without model/sample). This word has made from the word bada’. The word abdaa’a has also come out from it. That is meant to make anything without matter and without looking any sample/model. Badii’ means An Inventor, Artificer, Artist and Artisan Who is really and truly Originator and Inventor, Who does neither need any tool or instrument, nor any material or goods, nor He is Indigent of model and nor any Instructor/teacher. He may originate/invent every thing wishing either it has its body or sample earlier or not. He may create, originate or invent any thing, any time and any where. He is The Creator of the entire universe, earth and skies.


    False faiths and beliefs of the Idolater and Infidel nations have been rejected in this verse. . They imagined that the matter was already in existence prior to becoming it in any shape. Only the God Almighty originated the universe after forming it in an order.


    By telling His attribute Badii, Allah Almighty has commanded here that only His essence is ancient eternal and infinite. He has invented all the existence of whose there was no pattern already existing. He has given shape to the disruption of heaven, earth and everything in the universe. For Him it is very easy to create every thing from the very beginning without any pattern and matter.


    “KUN” fayakuun – (Be! And it is) to create and invent the universe Allah Almighty has no need of any reason, cause, means, ground and support, just His order and sign is enough. This same reality has been explained in this short sentence.


    It is known from this verse that only Allah is The Ancient. There was a time when only He was Being and nothing else existed. Only He created every thing with His Intention. Neither He has felt need of any partner nor helper. Only He is Who gives new shapes/forms to all things. It is wrong faith of materialists that The God Almighty is indigent of any one or He has need of anyone else.





    Evident Proofs

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –118 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah speak unto us, or some sign come unto us? Even thus, as they now speak, spoke those (who were) before them. Their hearts are all alike. We have made clear the Revelations for people who are sure. Wa qaalal-laziina laa ya’-lamuuna law-laa  yukallimu-nallaahu ‘aw ta’-tiinaaa  ‘Aa-yah. Kazaalika qaalal-laziina min-qablihim – misla  qawlihim.  Tashaabahat quluubuhum. Qad bayyannal-‘aayaati  li-qawminy-yuuqinuun.




    Al-laziina laa ya’-lamuuna – (those who have no knowledge) it is meant that the persons who are deprived from actual religious knowledge. This verse signifies towards particularly the Infidels/Idolaters.


    laa  yukallimu-na – (does not speak with us) it means that why The God Almighty does not speak with them directly without inter-relation of the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon Them).


    ‘Aa-yah – (sign, a verse of the Holy Qur’an) this word has also come as for the “Miracle” in the Holy Qur’an. Here it also aims ‘the Miracle’.


    Infidels and idolaters of Makkah claimed the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if Allah Almighty talks to the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon Them) then why He not talks direct to us. Or why He not sends any strange sign (miracle) for support and authentication of the Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that looking it we admit automatically about the truth of Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


    Allah Almighty commands that the people before them also said like these things. Standard of sense, spiritual and moral of those people was very low and of these people is also very low. Since hearts of the both are same in not having prudence and gratefulness.


    Replying them for these orders Allah Almighty says, “you have demanded just one miracle, I have already sent many clear miracles, for instance truth, trust, honesty and wisdom of the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), there is No example of Holy Qur’an from any aspect, your Helplessness in reply to it, Journey of the Last Prophet of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for Ascension and change of the Moon in two pieces”.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Responsibility Of The Prophet

    (peace be upon Him)

    Verse –119 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a bringer of glad-tidings and a warner; and thou wilt not be asked about the owners of Hell-fire. ‘Innaaa ‘arsalnaaka bil-haqqi bashiiranw-wa naziiranw,-wa laa tus-‘alu ‘an ‘As-haabil-Jahiim.




    Bil-haqqi – (with the truth) it means that You have been sent to Guide the human beings towards the Truth. It also means that ‘You always speak the true speeches, provide evident proofs and clear stabilities.


    Bashiirun – (a bringer of glad-tidings) that is to say the persons who believe and follow the Orders and Instructions of God Almighty and His Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) “You bring for them glad-tidings of happiness and betterment in this world and Hereinafter in exchange of their good deeds”.


    Naziirun – (The Warner) namely those people who deny and violate “You warn them from their bad results of evil-doing during their present lives and the Day of Resurrection”. These two characteristics of the Last Messenger, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) are very important.


    The Infidels and the Idolaters had doubts about Prophet-hood of the Messenger of Allah Almighty and truth of the Holy Qur’an and argued that if The God Almighty can talk with this Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) then we are also mankind, why does He not talk with us? Or why does He not bestow Him (Muhammad) (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) a great miracle due to which the Prophet-hood and Truth may be proved automatically?


    Replying to their criticism the God Almighty commanded, “Do you ask for one miracle? We have bestowed many miracles to Our Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), but only those persons will believe Him (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who are truly desirous of the Truth whole heartedly, believe the Truth and those people will not believe whose point of view is only to produce the doubts.


    Allah Almighty has commanded His Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) , “We have sent You with the True Religion, the people who will follow You, they are Believers, for them You are bringer of glad-tidings for their good acts, however who will not follow You, they are Infidels, they will be thrown into the Hell-fire, You are Warner for them for their bad result. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey the Message of God Almighty. He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is not responsible to make Muslim to the Infidels and Idolaters.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Desire Of The Jews And The Christians

    Verse –120 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


    And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! The Guidance of Allah is the Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting friend nor helper. Wa lan- tarzaa  ‘ankal- Yahuudu wa lan-Nasaaraa hattaa tattabi-‘a  millatahum.  Qul ‘inna Hudal-laahi huwal-Hudaa.  Wa la-‘init-taba’-ta  ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum ba’-dallazii jaaa-‘aka minal-‘ilmi, maa laka minallaahi minw-waliyyinw-wa laa nasiir.




    Millatahum – (their creed, religion, faith, routine, practice, way).


    ‘Ahwaaa-‘ahum – (their desires, wishes) ‘Ahwaaa means those thoughts and opinions foundation of which has not laid on the knowledge or reality but on sensual wishes.


    The children of Israel and the Christians were so envious that the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) wishing behave them how much with sympathy or show favour, they never used to listen and believe His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) talk/speech. They only might be pleased when the last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) accepts/admits their religion.


    God Almighty commands that the true religion and real way of guidance is only that which He has revealed on His Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that is to say worship of God Almighty and good acts. As much as the groups have been raised separately, they all have been produced by human astray. The persons, who will leave the straight path intentionally, will be punished rigorously and will not find any protecting friend or helper of them.


    Two things have been cleared entirely from this verse:


    •        The religion of the people of The Scripture has been changed as much that there is nothing remained except their desires and false wishes.

    •        The real path is that which has been cleared well by the God Almighty through His Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the human beings.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Support In The Former Scriptures

    Verse –121 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


    Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading. Those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers. ‘Allaziina  ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba  yatluunahuu  haqqa tilaawatih.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ika yu’-minuuna bih.  Wa many-yakfur bihii fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-khaasiruun.




    Haqqa tilaawatih – (with the right reading) tilaawat means reading. Word tuloo is its matter. Literal meaning of this word is ‘to follow’. So this sentence aims that those people who read the Scripture of God Almighty with the right reading. That is to say they also act upon it, they follow the instructions guided in it and they do not decrease or increase in it.


    ‘Allaziina  ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba – (Those people to whom We have given the Scripture) it signifies towards the children of Israel and the Christians.


    Result of making groups in the religion was mentioned in the last verse namely soul of following the teachings of the groups is in action in place of truth-loving and looking the reality. The people do not imagine about a person’s belief and deeds. They only see that the person either belongs to their group or not. While the sense of people becomes so then it is clear that the arguments and proofs can not produce effects. All the proofs become useless for those people desiring how much true and real facts are produced.


    It has been mentioned in today’s lesson that if the people of the Scriptures adopt honesty and friendship/sincerity leaving anger, sensual-ness and stubbornness, and recite their Holly Books whole heartedly then they might be convinced on the truth of Holy Qur’an and the Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), and will believe the Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


    The people who change and distort their Holy Books and don’t be attentive with good intentions, they would never be convinced on truth of Holy Qur’an. They are involved in anger, stubbornness, sensual desires and group making. If this were done by them then they will remain involved in infidelity forever. They will use to reject the truth continuously. Resultantly they will suffer loss in this world and will be ruined on the Day of Resurrection.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Hold on the Day of Resurrection

    Verse –122 & 123 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


    122.   O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.

    123.   And guard (yourselves) against a Day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be helped.


    122.    Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-matiyallatiii ‘an-‘am-tu ‘alaykum wa ‘annii fazzaltukum ‘alal-‘aalamiin.

    123.    Wattaquu Yawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa ‘adlunwa-wa laa tanfa-‘uhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa hum yunsaruun.




    We have learnt the lessons on these both verses in lesson #55 and 60 (verse – 40 & 47). Recitation about the children of Israel had been commenced from there and till now their scientific doctrinal and practical weaknesses are being explained. They have also been invited towards the Straight Path that is to say Islam. It has been proved through clear and bright evidences that the Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is on the Truth, a true Prophet, and it is necessary for every person to believe Him (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and remain steadfast on His teachings. The children of Israel were also instructed to adopt the straight path of Allah Almighty leaving anger, opposition, making religious groups between them and stubbornness.


    Now they are being reminded again for those things and notifying consequences of the Day of Resurrection. In this world a person can escape by the help of any other person, reward or penalty and by recommendations or power/emphasis. But to Allah Almighty nothing will be helpful out of these things. Just each person’s own acts and deeds will be helpful there. Tributes, fines, recommendations, friendship or anyone else’s help will become useless on the Doomsday.





    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Leadership Of The Abraham (peace be upon Him)

    Verse –124a of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


    And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them. He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers. Wa ‘izibtalaaa ‘Ibraahii-ma Rabbuhuu bi-Kalmaatin,  fa- ‘atammahunn. Qaala  ‘Innii  jaa- ‘iluka lin-naasi  ‘Imaamaa.  Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.




    Ibraahii-ma: (Abraham) every person knows about the name of this great respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him). He was most glorious grandfather of our Prophet, the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).  His native land was Babel and His father’s name was Aazar.  Out of His children two races were grown, one from the children of Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Him) and the other from the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him). The Prophets from the first race/series are called Israeli Prophets (peace be upon Them), for example Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him), Prophet David (peace be upon Him), Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him). From the second family there was our Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


    Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is called the grandfather of the Prophets (peace be upon Them). Besides the Muslims all others like the children of Israel and Christians respect Him.


    Izibtalaaa: (when tried/examined) this word is derived from Baleehi. Its meanings are calamity, testing and trouble. Allah Almighty examined this Prophet of Him (peace be upon Him) with many aspects. For example, Sculptor and Idolater father threatened to let Him get out from his home, His nation frightened to banish from the Country and the King put Him into fire but He didn’t abstain from Islam and remained steadfast on the right path. Then God Almighty commanded to leave His wife and child in the forest and to sacrifice His child also. He obeyed all these orders too. Besides these trials He was tried by some more tests and He succeeded in all.


    Imaama: (a leader, a spiritual guide) this leadership of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was not only for spiritual and religious guidance but Allah Almighty blessed Him with betterment in politics also. He (peace be upon Him) became a real leader and priest in His times. The People accepted His leadership.






    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Heritance Of Leadership/Guidance

    Verse –124b of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


    (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers. Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.




    Zurriyyatii – (my offspring, my children, my generation) the word zurriyyatun has very vast meanings. That is to say in it children, children of the children and so on all are included. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) had two sons, Prophet Ishmael and Prophet Isaac (peace be upon them). Race of these two Prophets (peace be upon them) became zurriyyatun of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). The God Almighty blessed very much to this dynasty. Countless Prophets (peace be upon Them) were born in this family.


    The children of Israel were very proud of their racial superiority. They used to say that they belonged to the race of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and it was written in the Torah that God Almighty have blessed and favoured them. It has been cleared through this verse that:


    •        The children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) are also included in this racial superiority and pride, blessings and favours.


    •        The covenant of the God Almighty was only for the persons who had good characters not for those who were of bad characters. Those people who have lost the felicity of belief and good deeds, for them racial superiority can not become reason of distinction.


    After straying the ancient nations the God Almighty is laying foundation of the nation (the followers) of His Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the rank of leadership and guidance. So it was necessary that significant history of arising invitation of Holy Qur’an be mentioned.


    The glorious and respectable Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was tried with many different methods by the God Almighty. He (peace be upon Him) was put in test, trouble and calamity but He (peace be upon Him) succeeded in all the examinations, never left patience and firmness. Due to result of this success the God Almighty appointed Him (peace be upon Him) as leader for guidance of the people. The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) asked about His children (offspring) that “will they be also leaders”? The God Almighty commanded that “My covenant does not include the wrongdoers”. That is to say this rank will be bestowed to your race but with the condition that while they will not be cruel, disobedient and violent. If they adopted this path then this rank “leadership” will be snatched from them.


    During a long period the leadership remained in the race of Prophet Abraham’s one son’s children i.e. the children of Israel who was son of Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). While they went astray, they did not pay the Right then this leadership was handed over to the Last Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who was from the children of Prophet Ishmael, the second son of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them). Now it is responsibility of the Muslims to prove themselves that they are able to hold this rank “leadership”.




    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Importance Of Ka’ba And Customs Of Pilgrimage

    Verse –125 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


    And when We made the House (at Makkah) a resort for mankind and Sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My House for those