Quran Chapter 17 – 111 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1856) درس قرآن
An abstract from 17th Chapter
Surah Baniii ‘Israaa-‘iil (The Children of Israel) – 17
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
Lessons from Chapter Seventeen “The Children of Israel” came to an end at previous lesson. First matter which has been taught in this Chapter; is, “Knowing correctly our Lord”. Many people admit that Allah Almighty exists but they do not know Him correctly. First verse of this Chapter begins with the words “SUBHAANALLAZIII ‘as-raa bi-‘AbdiHii” (GLORIFIED BE HE Who carried His servant). The name “Allah” has not been mentioned clearly in this verse, but His one such Epithet has been described in it which cannot be of any other save Him. Therefore, it can be understood easily that here; the aim from ‘Allaziii is only “Allah Almighty” not any other.
The last verse of the same Chapter begins with the words “Wa qulil-Hamdu Lillaahil-lazii” (And say: Praise be to Allah, Who), and it ends on the words; meanings of which are “’Allaahu ‘Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest), whereas the topic of discussion in between the verse is “Laa ‘ilaaha ‘illAllaahu” (There is no God but Allah).
Above mentioned four Kalimahs (Words) are sufficient for knowing Allah Almighty. The aim from these words is “SubhaanAllaah (God Almighty is Pure from all kinds of defect, fault or weakness. Neither any wickedness can be into Him nor any deficiency, and nor any kind of helplessness or inability). ‘Al-Hamdu-Lillaah (All Praises are of Allah and the entire praises are into Him only; not in any other save Him. And if anywhere any praise is visible, that is also a reflection of His Excellence. Any other save Allah Almighty does not possess the Actual Excellence. Therefore, comparatively His Praises are most eminent and most dignified). ’Allaahu ‘Akbar” (As He is Pure from all kinds of evils, no other has Praises like Him, He is Whole of all Praises also, then without any doubt He is the Greatest too). Laa ‘ilaaha ‘illAllaahu”, (While He is the Greatest; and certainly He is the Greatest, then there can be no other Worshipped (God) save Him (Allah)”.
It is also understood from the same Chapter that every thing is helpless before Allah Almighty and has been explaining about own helplessness in own language. The power which exists anywhere, is of Him only, if that exists at any other place, that is given by Him. And it is the entire subject of “wa Laa hawla wa laa quwwata ‘illaa Billaahil-‘Aliyil-‘Aziim” (There is neither might nor power except with Allah).
Therefore, for acquiring knowledge about God Almighty, summary of this Chapter is hidden in these words
سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله اكبر ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم
(SubhaanAllaah wal-hamduLillaah wa-laa ‘ilaaha ‘illAllaahu Wallaahu Akbar wa Laa hawla wa laa quwwata ‘illaa Billaahil-‘Aliyil-‘Aziim), “Allah is free from imperfection, All praise is due to Allah, there is no God but Allah), Allah is the Greatest, There is neither might nor power except with Allah “.
That is to say, this Chapter is explanation of above mentioned Kalimah. Along with it, Messenger-hood and the life after death has been explained that after reproduction the life will be perpetual, and that can be pleasant in this form only that worldly life should be passed in accord with the Commands of Holy Qur’an.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).