Quran Chapter 18 – Intro (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1857) درس قرآن
Reason of delay in receiving Wahii
Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
According to arrangement order, this is eighteenth Chapter of Holy Qur’an. It was revealed during the middling period in the state of Islam at Makkah. Its contents are also as of other Chapters revealed in Makkah. Like them, it has been descried that Holy Qur’an is a Fountain of Guidance for the mankind and it has been proved that Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is the last Messenger of Allah Almighty.
The Jews taught some questions to the people of Makkah because they asked from the Jews: Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) claims that He is God’s Prophet. Let us know some such matters which we should ask from Him as a trial. The Jews said: You should ask Him:
- What is the Spirit?
- Tell us about those people who were disappeared alive from the world – still they are living and unseen?
- Who was the man who walked from one corner of the world to the other?
The people of Makkah (Qureish) asked from the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) the same questions. He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) said: I shall give you answer tomorrow. And He began to wait for the Divine Revelation (Wahii), waited for fifteen days but Wahii did not come. The people began to whisper that He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) promised to give answer on the next day, but two weeks have been over, even then He is still silent. He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) grew weak with pain. At last the Angel (peace be upon him) came and it was commanded: Your should never say for doing any work that I shall do it tomorrow. But you should say always: If God; the Most High wills, I shall do it tomorrow. Because without God’s will you can do nothing. Forgetting Allah Almighty and putting trust in oneself is the matter of ignorant and careless people.
After that, answers of all three questions were given. Answer of the question about the Spirit has passed in the previous Chapter (Surah Baniii ‘Israaa-‘iil. Replies of remaining two questions have been mentioned in this Chapter. Summary of all these three answers is that Allah Almighty has all Powers. He works entirely as He Himself desires. You should never consider that His Power is as of the mankind. In the verses of this Chapter, reality of the world has been explained before the human beings and it has been narrated that comparatively the world is nothing against the Hereafter. Mankind should never forget the Day of Resurrection by being ensnared in the worldly contentions. The biggest misfortune is ascribing plurality unto God Almighty.
By thinking a little, the human being can understand easily that it is the last stage of ignorance if any person have faith that any one else is equal, helper or partner of Allah Almighty from His creatures in any matter.
Secondly it has been caused to understand that when any person will do any work with intention, his accounts will be reckoned in the life after death. And according to own deeds every individual will be rewarded or punished.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).