Experience of mankind cannot fulfill requirement

Quran Chapter 17  105 & 106 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1852) درس قرآن

Experience of mankind cannot fulfill requirement

Surah Baniii ‘Israaa-‘iil (The Children of Israel) – 17

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

 وَبِٱلْحَقِّ أَنزَلْنَٰهُ وَبِٱلْحَقِّ نَزَلَ وَمَآأَرْسَلْنَٰكَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا 105

 وَقُرْءَانًا فَرَقْنَٰهُ لِتَقْرَأَهُۥ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ عَلَىٰ مُكْثٍ وَنَزَّلْنَٰهُ تَنزِيلًا 106

 

105.  And with Truth have We sent it down, and with Truth hath it descended. And We have sent thee as naught else save a Bearer of good tidings and a Warner.

 

106.  (And it is) a Qur’an that We have divided, that thou mayst recite it unto mankind at intervals, and We have revealed it by (successive) Revelations.

105.  Wa  bil-Haqqi  ‘anzalNaa-hu  wa  bil-Haqqi  nazal.  Wa  maaa  ‘arsalNaaka  ‘illaa  Mu-bash-shiranw-wa  Naziiraa.

 

106.  Wa  Qur-’aanan- faraqNaahu  litaqra-‘ahuu  ‘alan-naasi  ‘alaa  muksinw-wa  nazzalNaahu  tanziilaa.

 

Commentary

 

Muksin – (successively in parts, with spaces of time between revealing), revealing by this way is called “tanziil”. Revealing a Book all at once is called “’Anzaal”. Holy Qur’an was revealed in Lawh Mahfuuz (A Table on which the destinies of the world since its creation are written) all at once, and then it was sent down in the world by Divine Inspiration in small parts in accordance with circumstances.

 

If the Messengers (peace be upon them) had not been sent then the mankind could learn only by his experience, and for the experience; a long time is required. The people who did not obey the Messengers (peace be upon them) and depended on their experience, they could not discover the way of mankind’s betterment till today. And the people who died before expiry of their any kind of experiments, that all became useless.

 

Moreover, there are many such things which cannot be known by experiments, for example, mankind understood by experience that every living being is to die. But he could never know by experience that all human beings will be reproduced after death and then they will never die.

 

Last Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) came in the world along with the last Scripture of God Almighty (Holy Qur’an). So, entire deficiency was fulfilled. There is nothing save the Truth in Holy Qur’an. Allah Almighty revealed it with the Truth and with the same Truth; it reached unto human beings. No change was made in it during the mid period.

 

It is the responsibility of the Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) that Holy Qur’an should be conveyed unto the entire mankind, show them practically “How to act upon its commandments”, give them good tidings who do good works and warn them who are habitual of wicked deeds.

 

In addition, for reciting and understanding easily, Holy Qur’an was divided in different little parts and every small part was sent down with spaces of time between revealing, so that the people may act upon its commandments easily and completely. In this way, the work of mankind’s guidance was completed.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

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