Quran Chapter 17 – 78 & 79 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1834) درس قرآن
The greatest Rank in the Hereafter
Surah Baniii ‘Israaa-‘iil (The Children of Israel) – 17
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
أَقِمِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ لِدُلُوكِ ٱلشَّمْسِ إِلَىٰ غَسَقِ ٱلَّيْلِ وَقُرْءَانَ ٱلْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْءَانَ ٱلْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا 78
وَمِنَ ٱلَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِۦ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا 79
|78. Establish worship at the going down of the sun until the dark of night, and (the recital of) the Qur’an at Dawn. Lo! (The recital of) the Qur’an at Dawn is ever witnessed.
79. And pray Tahajjud during some part of the night, a largess for thee; it may be that thy Lord will raise thee to a praised estate.
|78. ‘Aqimis-Salaata li-duluu-kish-shamsi ‘ilaa gasaqil-layli wa Qur-‘aanal-Fajr. ‘Inna Qur-‘aanal-Fajri kaana mash-huudaa.
79. Wa minal-layli fatahajjad bihii naafilatal-lak. ‘Asaaa ‘any-yab-‘asaka Rabbuka Maqaamam-Mahmuudaa.
Duluuk – (setting of the sun, declining), origin of this word is dalak, which means “to bow, to decline or incline”. It aims “the time when the sun begins to set after 12.00 am”, because at that time; the day begins to decline.
Qur-‘aan – (The Thing which is required to be recited), It is name of a Book, which was revealed by Allah Almighty upon His last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). However, here; it aims “the prayer of Fajr (before rising of the sun)”, because reading Qur’an is incumbent in the prayer. Recital of the Qur’an is as though it is; offering the prayer.
Mash-huudan – (has been witnessed, the seers are present to see the thing; which is required to be seen). This word is an Object from sha-ha-da. Shahuud means “to be present”. Shaahid means “A Witness”. Mash-huud means “proved, attested, the thing which has been witnessed”. Here, it aims “the Angels (peace be upon them) are present to witness”.
Tahajjad – (Awake! Stand up!), it is a word of command from tahajjadun, which means “to awake after sleep and offering prayer at night’. Origin of this word is ha-ja-da. Hajuud means “to sleep”.
Naafilatan – (largess), it is the Subject from the word nafala. Naflu means “to be more than requirement”. Naafilatan is the thing which is extra than essential.
Maqaamam-Mahmuud – (a Praised Estate, approved rank), it aims “the rank of a Man who has been permitted to intercede broadly in the Hereafter”. This Intercession will be by Muhammad; the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) only for the entire human beings in the Field of Judgment, on the Judgment Day.
From this verse, it is found that Prayer – Five times a day has been prescribed for all Muslims, and recital of the Qur’an in the Fajr (Morning) Prayer should be long. It seems also that Tahajjad Prayer was prescribed only for the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) because a great grade will be given to Him on the Day of Judgment.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).