Quran Chapter 13 – 39 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1601) – درس قرآن
Mother of the Books
Surah Ra-‘d (The Thunder) – 13
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
يَمْحُوا۟ ٱللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُوَيُثْبِتُ وَعِندَهُۥٓ أُمُّ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ 39
|39. Allah effecteth what He will, and establisheth (what He will), and with Him is the Source of Ordinance.||39. Yam-hUllaahu maa ya-shaaa-‘u wa yusbitu wa ‘inda-Huuu ‘Ummul-Kitaab.|
It was described in the previous verse that during every era, Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) came in the world and They guided the human beings to keep their footings unto the Straight Path in their lives. Then for the next era, another Scripture was prepared; in which some commandments were changed and established.
It is commanded in this verse that Allah Almighty abrogates the commandments of first era which He wills to change in the next era, and which He desires; keeps them established. However, the Source of Ordinance, the Actual Book exists with Him, commandments of which are never changed. This Source of Ordinance is called Lauhul-Mahfuuz (A Table on which the destinies of the world since its creation are written), object of which is such Rules and Regulations which are never changed. But for their particulars, the Books of every era are separate. Moreover, even for every individual, there is a separate Book; in which his/her deeds and acts are recorded.
In those special Books, some such things which are subject to existing causes for the time being; are recorded. Then after the creation of new reasons, those are removed, and new commands and forms are entered. But this all is done entirely according to those permanent Rules, which have already been recorded in the Source of Ordinance, i.e. LAUH MAHFOOZ: The tablet that is protected from any alterations.
Difference of forms is due to causes, but this difference cannot go out of the actual Rules and Regulations. Those Generic Principles are called “Taqdiir Mubram” (Inevitable Destiny). And their particulars which change from time to time in accord with the situation and occasion, are called “Taqdiir mu’allaq” (Pendulous Destiny). The name of Inevitable Destiny is “Qadr” (Dignity) and the name of Pendulous Destiny is “Qazaa” also (Fate).
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).