Lesson # 1061 from Holy Qur’aan
Drive out the Idolaters from the Arab
Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 28 of 129, Section – 4 of 16 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|28. O ye who believe! The Idolaters only are unclean, so let them not come near the Inviolable Place of Worship after this their year. And if ye fear poverty (from the loss of their merchandise) Allah shall preserve you of His Bounty if He will. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.||28. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aamanuuu ‘innamal-Mushri-kuuna najasun- falaa yaq-rabul-Masjidal-Haraama ba’-da ‘aamihim haazaa. Wa ‘in khiftum ‘aylatan fa-sawfa yugnii-kumUllaahu min- fazliHiii ‘in shaaa’. ‘InnAllaaha ‘Aliimun Hakiim.|
Najasun – (unclean), it is a tense of adjective from n-j-s, origin of which is najaasata. Najaasata means dirtiness, filth, impurity, to be licentious.
‘Aylatun – (poverty, the vocation of a beggar, hunger, want, indigence, need, and it is also used for the poor and needy. A word “‘ayaal” has been derived from it too. Those all people who depend on an individual for their provisions, and fulfilling their necessities, are called his ‘Ayaal. Such individual remains poor usually. In Arabic language, such person is called ‘Aayl, who is responsible to look after and feed many people, and due to this reason he lives in poverty.
When Infidels of Makkah disclosed; in the beginning by their character and behavior, that as far as possible they will not let the Muslims live, then the Muslims were disappointed from living with them together. After the Conquest of Makkah during 9th AH, it was proclaimed at the occasion of Hajj (Pilgrimage), that admission of Idolaters in the Inviolable Place of Worship at Makkah (Masjidal-Haraam) is forbidden for future. Only Muslims can enter in this Sacred Place.
The Idolaters disclosed their enmity with the Muslims and that their hearts were full of malice, envy and hostility against the Believers without any proper reason. These are such things which destroy the purity of the heart, because those have enmity against the belief and politeness. And in the world, only these both things exist which can purify the mankind and make him clean. Therefore, the Muslims are instructed that they should not let the Idolaters and those, who have evil spirit and bad thoughts, go near Inviolable Place of Worship (the Square Building at Makkah).
After that when it was observed that “the Muslims cannot organize themselves; when they are living with the wrongdoers”, then it was commanded that they should drive out the Idolaters from the entire Arabian territory.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)