Lesson # 676 From Holy Qur’aan
Essence – Surah ‘Al-‘An-‘aam (Cattle) – Chapter – 6)–Stage – 2
Verses – 165, Sections – 20 (Part – 7)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Here, it is the summary of Suratul-‘An-‘aam.
‘An-‘aam is plural of Na-‘am. Na-‘am means an animal. Allaah Almighty has made the animals and the cattle, servants of the mankind, but some people make some of them unlawful at their own. This Chapter explains about those cattle and animals. In this connection, the word ‘An-‘aam has been used many times in this chapter, so this Surah was named as Suratul-‘An-‘aam.
This Chapter was revealed at a time completely in Makkah except a few verses, which were revealed probably in Madinah. The time of its revelation is one year Before Hijrah and actually its teachings are about the Oneness of God Almighty and rejection of all false fancies, in which more than One God are believed in, and the people bow before other things respectfully except Allaah Almighty and worship them, and believe into them such qualities and virtues, which are specified only for Allaah Almighty.
Before the revelation of Holy Qur’aan in the world, no anything would have been left possibly, which was not worshipped. It was common to make partners of Allaah Almighty by including others and believing His excellence and virtues into them also. The Fire-worshippers and Magi used to say: The God, who created good things of the world, is another person, and who created bad things, is someone else. They used to say the good things as ‘the Dawn” i.e. Noor, but the bad things were called by them “the Darkness” i.e. Zulmat. They were convinced of these two gods. The Indians used to believe in three hundred and thirty million demi-gods. Every demi-god was appointed for any separate function. The Arian society strived and decreased them, but even then, they fixed ‘the matter and the soul’ eternal, immortal like God, and firm and non-creature. The Idolaters of the Arab used to believe that the trees and stones etc. were partners and helpers also in the Divinity of Allaah Almighty.
The Jews determined the virtues of Allaah Almighty so much common that everyone can be either equal to Him, or superior to Him. Besides this, they worshipped the calf. The Christians fixed the father, the son and the Holy Spirit – equal partners in the Divinity. In short, it was very difficult to find any convinced person of One God (Allaah Almighty). Those all faiths have been determined false and set at naught in this Surah. And it is taught that there is no partner of Allaah Almighty, as His Kind is Single, in the same manner, His virtues are odd too from all others. Only He is, Who has created the entire things with His Own Omnipotence, and until He will desire, will keep them up. And whenever, He will wish, will finish them. Security, safety and establishment of the world are only in His hand. He has prescribed different and separate Laws of life for every kind of His creature. He is also the Creator of the humankind and for the guidance of human beings, He has sent Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon Them), out of which, there is recital about many Messengers (peace be upon Him) in this Chapter.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)