Lesson # 674 From Holy Qur’aan
The contents discussed in
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2
Verses – 120, Sections – 16 (Part – 7)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Lesson – 1
The lessons of Surah ‘Al-Maaa-‘idah have finished with the last lesson, now we are going to review it and see the lessons taught by the Chapter (Surah) under discussion.
Actually, it’s all contents revolve around only one topic. We can reap full advantage from this Surah; live a happy and successful life, if we understand that particular topic.
It is inborn nature of the human being that he desires to complete his every wish without any hindrance. He thinks that he should make any such plan, what he wills, that may be done and there should be no stoppage in its attainment. Moreover, everyone should regard his assent, follow him and help him in gaining his object. The Holy Qur’aan accepts this nature, but educates along with it that independence of everybody should be bound of any rule and plan; otherwise he is an animal, not a mankind.
This rule is called “Law” and it has been made by Him, Who created the human being (The Creator). Accepting it, is called “the Belief”. The name of that Law is “Holy Quran” and Its Maker is Allaah Almighty. In the beginning of this Chapter, it has been commanded “Abide by the Law”. It has been told in this manner that the name of accepting, Allaah and Quran, is “Belief”. Complete your responsibilities. It means “your personal freedom is nothing before “this Law” and there can be none maker of the Law but Allaah Almighty. It is the first sign of the Belief, without which nobody can say him/herself “a Believer”.
It is the condition to enforce the Law that some traditions are established, and then everyone is admonished that none should do against these customs. It is the responsibility of the entire nation as aggregate to watch this matter. In short, the Maker of the rules of Law is Allaah Almighty, but the responsibility of watching them is upon the entire nation.
It is known that the real things, which need special attention in the world, are four: (1) Allaah Almighty (2) His Messenger (peace be upon Him) and the Law i.e. Holy Qur’aan and the Sayings of the Messenger (peace be upon Him), which explain this Law (3) The living being (mankind) (4) The entire nation.
Allaah Almighty and Holy Qur’aan are Eternal, Immovable and Unchangeable at Their own places. Mutual relations between the living being and the society are required to be established according to the principles commanded by Them (Allaah Almighty and Holy Qur’aan). It is duty of the society to arrange properly for every person to cause to understand the Law perfectly, and that is called Education.
It is the duty of the living being (every person) that he/she should be bound to act according to the traditions/customs, established by the society, and when one observes that any tradition has become contrary to the Law, then one should inform the society properly and leave that tradition personally. This lesson has been caused to understand in this Surah and commanded that ancient nations erred in either understanding or acting upon them. Those errors have been manifested, so that we may be saved from them.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)