Lesson # 655 From Holy Qur’aan
Forms of Penalties
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2
Verses – 94 & 95 of 120, Section – 13 of 16 (Part – 7)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|94. O ye who believe! Allaah will surely try you somewhat (in the matter) of the game which ye take with your hands and your spears, that Allaah may know him who feareth Him in secret. But whoso transgresseth after this, for him there is a painful doom.
95. O ye who believe! Kill no wild game while ye are in pilgrim-garb (Ehraam). And whoso of you killeth it of set purpose he shall pay its forfeit in the equivalent of that which he hath killed, of domestic animals, the judge to be two men among you known for justice, (the forfeit) to be brought as an offering to the Ka’bah; or, for expiation, he shall feed poor persons, or the equivalent thereof in fasting, that he may taste the evil consequences of his deed. Allaah has forgiven whatever (of this kind) has happened in the past. But whoso relapseth, Allaah will take retribution from him. And Allaah is Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong).
|94. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aamanuu la-yablu-wanna-kumUllaahu bi-shay-‘im-minas-saydi tanaa-luhuuu ‘ay-diikum wa rimaa-hukum li-ya’-lamAllaahu many-yakhaa-fuhuu bil-gayb. Famani’-tadaa ba’-da zaalika falahuu ‘azaabun ‘aliim.
95. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aamanuu laa taq-tulus-say-da wa ‘antum hurum. Wa man- qatalahuu minkum-muta-‘ammidan- fajazaaa-‘ummislu maa qatala minan-na-‘ami yah-kumu bihii zawaa ‘adlim-minkum hadyam- baaligal- ka’-bati ‘aw kaffaara-tun ta-‘aamu masaakiina ‘aw ‘adlu zaalika siyaa-malli-yazuuqa wabaala ‘amrih. ‘AfAllaahu ‘ammaa salaf. Wa man ‘aada fa-yan-taqi-mUllaahu minh. WAllaahu ‘Aziizun-Zunti-qaam.
There is mention about such a matter in this verse, which has been forbidden for a short time, that is to say; to go a hunting in the form of pilgrim-garb (Ehraam). Allaah Almighty wishes to test the human being. And the test can be judged completely in such a matter, which is forbidden only for a few days, while use of that thing is lawful forever. At the other hand, it becomes habituated to abstain from that thing, use of which is unlawful, and it becomes easy to give it up. But it is difficult to refrain from that deed for a few days, which can be done every time without any resistance. This trial has been kept also for the Muslims that they have been prevented from wild game in the form of pilgrim-garb during the season of Hajj. Although the game was found in so much abundance in those days that it could be caught with hands or lances very easily.
It is commanded: O Muslims! You will be prevented a little from the land game so that you may be tried, whether you have fear of Allaah Almighty or not, to Whom you are not looking. Such fear arises only by the belief, sign of which is God-fearing in secret. So actually it is a test of your belief. The person, who will fail in this examination, for him there is a painful doom.
It was described in the first verse of this Chapter that entire beast of cattle (whether those are pet or wild) are made lawful for the Muslims for food, because it was mentioned in Surah ‘An’Nisaaa’ that many lawful and pure things had been made unlawful for the Jews due to their tyrannies and violence. Therefore it has been told in the beginning of this Surah that Allaah Almighty has made lawful all the clean animals for food. But there are some restrictions on going to hunt the wild game during some specified days, so that the obedient may be tried. Those restrictions are: 1. Kill no wild game while you are in pilgrim-garb until you do not untie your Ehraam. 2. Game is unlawful in the premises of Ka’-bah (The House of Allaah Almighty).
Allaah Almighty warns the Muslims that they should neither kill any wild game while they are in Ehraam, nor say anyone for hunting, and nor tell the address of any game to any hunter. And if anyone of them kills it purposely in the form of pilgrim-garb, he should have to pay its forfeit, from domestic animals in the equivalent of that which he has killed. It will be judged in this manner that two men (dwellers of that place or from the surrounding area) will be appointed for proving the price of the killed animal with justice.
If the game is caught living then it is incumbent to leave it immediately, and if killed, then there are two ways:
- If the game is killed intentionally, then the killer will suffer two punishments i.e. (a) he shall pay its fine in the equivalent of that which he has killed. (b) Allaah Almighty will take retribution from him i.e. He will punish him on the Day of Resurrection.
- And if he killed the game unintentionally, then he would have to pay only its penalty here but he would not be punish on the Doomsday.
The pilgrimage, who is killer of any game, should Either purchase a cattle animal (a cow, a goat or a ram etc.) as requital at the price of the killed game and supply it to the Sacred place of Ka’-bah. There, it should be sacrificed and the meat should be distributed but one should take nothing from it, Or purchase the grain of that value and distribute it in the poor people, like, one needy should be given equal to one day’s Sadqah-e-Fitr, Or he/she should compute that ‘how many people would have to be given this grain’. He/she should keep fasting for the days according to the number of those needy people. It is the taste of those evil consequences of his/her deed, which would have to be enjoyed.
Then Allaah Almighty commands that it was considered a crime also to hunt in the form of pilgrim-garb before Islam. If Allaah Almighty desired, He was Able to take retribution at that time from him/her, who hunted in this condition. But He has forgiven kindly whatever of this kind has happened in the past. However, if anybody will commit the same sin again being a Muslim, then remember it that Allaah Almighty will take retribution from him/her. No evildoer can run away to be saved from Him. He is Mighty, Able to requite (the wrong).
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)