Lesson # 641 From Holy Qur’aan
Moral Obligation of the Muslims
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2
Verse – 67 of 120, Section – 10 of 16 (Part – 6)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|O Messenger! Make known that which hath been revealed unto Thee from Thy Lord, for if Thou do it not, Thou wilt not have conveyed His Message. And Allaah will protect Thee from mankind. Lo! Allaah guideth not the disbelieving folk.||Yaaa-‘ayyu-har-Rasuulu ballig maaa ‘unzila ‘ilayka mir-Rabbik. Wa ‘illam taf-‘al famaa ballagta Risaa-latah. WAllaahu ya’-simuka minan-naas. ‘InnAllaaha laa yahdil-qawmal-Kaafiriin.
Ballig – this word is from tabliig, which means “communicating the message, carrying the message of Allaah Almighty to non-believers; preaching Islam”. Another word ‘Balaag’ has also been derived from it, which means ‘communication or delivery of a message’. Risaa-latah – ‘The Message’, any written thing, which is required to be delivered to other people. The word Rasuul, has been derived from it, which means ‘the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (peace be upon Him).
It has been described many times from the very first that Allaah Almighty revealed many Scriptures in the world. The main aim of the Revelations was that, those people should act upon their commands and hold them fast, for whom those Scriptures were revealed. Before the revelation of Holy Qur-‘aan, the Torah was revealed on the Messenger Moses (peace be upon Him), in which there were all kinds of necessary and clear Instructions about “How to dwell in the world” in those days, the Psalms of David (peace be upon Him), (these both Scriptures were revealed for the Jews), and the Gospel was revealed on the Messenger Jesus (peace be upon Him) with the same basic commands but some needful amendments, which were considered necessary by Allaah Almighty due to human improvement with the passage of time. But the Jews and the Christians did not act upon them.
At the end, the last Scripture i.e. Holy Qur-‘aan was revealed, and it represented the commands of all previous Scriptures as true. And those commands were either kept in the same manner or all were gathered with necessary amendments, which were suitable for these people of the last time. And complete Rules of Practice was given to the mankind duly prepared. Now this Scripture is sufficient for the guidance of the human beings until the Day of Resurrection. It has been ordered in all previous Scriptures to believe in this last Scripture. So, if the Jews and the Christians had acted upon their own Scripture then it was incumbent for them that they would have believed in the truth of Holy Qur’-aan and the last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and obeyed Him, then they would be best people today. They would have obtained all the blessings of the earth and skies in the world and lived in ease and comfort on the Day of Resurrection. They would have obtained deliverance from the entire evils and bad presage of the sins. But alas! They did not do so, but gripped their loins to oppose the Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and the last Scripture i.e. Holy Qur’-aan, and began to trouble the Muslims. They injured the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), left no omission in their wickedness, mischief, quarrel and fighting against the Muslims, and supported the Infidels of Makkah, when they were fighting against the Muslims.
In the previous verse, after causing to understand many commands, Allaah Almighty addresses His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), “It is a matter of no consequence if either people believe or do not believe. You should not be grief due to their wickedness. Certainly the Holy Qur-‘aan is a collection of good advices for the mankind. If the people do not believe in it, then it is their stupidity and foolishness”.
If the giver is sure that he has a thing which is advantageous and profitable for all, but the person, who has to take it, refuses from taking it, then nothing can be seen in him except his folly. These people have made up their mind that they will take only that thing, which is useful particularly for them only. What can be more stupidity of a mankind than it? Surely they, who know, will like that thing, which is useful equally for all, and will desire only the quantity of profit, which is equal to others.
That person, who wants that he should receive everything and leave other entire persons longing, is an animal like dogs and beasts of prey. And the person, who wishes that he and his friend should take only but remaining all people should remain entreating, is like a crow, but he is also mere an animal. It is suitable for the human being that he should take to the extent of his need only, after providing with the necessities of every person. Advantage of everyone is in it only and the dependence of the morality is also only upon it. It is the fundamental stone of that Revelation, which was revealed upon the Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). It is compulsory to communicate this Message to the entire human beings, whether they understand it or not. So it has been admonished strictly in this verse.
Allaah Almighty commands, “O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! Make known (the people, entire) that, which has been revealed unto You from Your Lord” (verbally as well as acting upon it too), because these are the actual meanings of conveying the Message. Otherwise, saying by tongue only, but acting not upon it by oneself, does not have any sense. If You did not convey this Message properly, this responsibility will remain on Your charge and it will be said, “You did not render the due of this Message”. However, those people, who do not listen to You and oppose, You should not have any concern with them. They can never harm You, but will harm themselves. Allaah Almighty will protect you from them and preserve you from their wickedness.
“You should not be efficacious from it that neither they listen to you, nor obey you. It is luck of everyone. Some are fortunate, while the others have bad luck. The wealth like Belief is not in their fate, because it has been known due to their disobedience of Allaah’s Word that they have adopted the path of infidelity and they like to remain Infidels. It is the Divine’s Law that the ways of guidance have been closed for them, who desire to remain Infidels.
A clear command comes out from this lesson for the Muslims that they should produce themselves by making themselves a pattern of Islam, then invite the people for it. If they will not do so, they will be culprits of two crimes. At first, that they did not act upon it themselves and secondly, they did not fulfill their duty to carry the Message of Islam to non-believers.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)