Lesson # 628 From Holy Qur’aan
Holy Qur’aan Confirms the Scriptures Revealed before It
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2
Verse – 48 of 120, Section – 7 of 16 (Part – 6)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|And unto thee have We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it, and a watcher over it; so judge between them by that which Allaah hath revealed, and follow not their low desires deviating from the truth which hath come unto thee. For each We have appointed a divine law and a traced-out way. Had Allaah willed He would have made you one community, but that He may try you by that which He hath given you (He hath made you as ye are); so vie one with another in good works. Unto Allaah ye will all return, and He will then inform you of that wherein ye differ-||Wa ‘anzalNaaa ‘ilaykal- Kitaaba bil-haqqi musaddiqalli-maa bayna yadayhi minal- Kitaabi wa muhay-minan ‘alayhi fahkum- baynahum- bimaaa ‘anza-lAllaahu wa laa tatta-bi’ ‘ahwaaa- ‘ahum ‘ammaa jaaa-‘aka minal-Haqq. Likullin- ja-‘alNaa minkum Shir-‘atanw-wa Minhaa-jaa. Wa law shaaa- ‘Allaahu laja- ‘alakum ‘Ummatanw- Waahida-tanw-wa laakilliyab-luwa-kum fii maaa ‘aataakum fasta-biqul-khay-raat. ‘IlalAllaahi marji-‘ukum jamii-‘an- fayunabbi-‘ukum bimaa kuntum fiihi takh-talfuun.|
When the Last Messenger of Allaah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) came to Madinah and the Muslims got strength due to gracing with the Messenger’s presence, then a great difficult fell suddenly upon the Jews. Heretofore, they used to press the weak and judge their own and the mutual disputes as it come into their minds. Once, some respectable people came unto the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) from the tribe Banu Nazayr of the Jews. This tribe was very powerful. They had a strife against another tribe of the Jews named; Banu Qurayzah, who were weaker than them. Banu Nazayr said to the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), “We shall become Muslims, if You judge our dispute with Banu Qurayzah in accordance with our will, and many other people will also embrace Islam due to our very powerful impression”.
The Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) replied, “I shall judge with equity. I don’t need such Muslims, who embrace Islam for their worldly desires”. At this occasion, these verses were revealed, in which, the behavior of the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was appreciated, and the mutual relation between the Heavenly Scriptures was caused to understand thoroughly.
Allaah Almighty commands, “After the Torah of Moses, the Psalms of David and the Bible of Jesus (peace be upon Them), O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! We have revealed unto You Holy Qur’aan with the truth, which is the last Scripture and which confirms all its former heavenly Scriptures, and the entire necessary commands have been added in it for the future generation of the mankind. So judge the strife between them according to the truth, correct rules and regulations which Allaah Almighty has revealed, whether they are the Jews or the Christians or someone else, and follow not their low desires deviating from the truth, which has come unto You through Holy Qur’aan”.
It has been described that the Holy Qur’aan is a watcher and a guard over the entire Scriptures revealed before it. Really, the person, who thinks in its Words, finds all useful affairs in it which are necessary for the humankind. If any rule has been prevailed, but that is on the contrary to the instructions of Holy Qur’aan, surely that is a deadly poison for the human being. If that is not given up, then its result would not be other than the destruction for the human being. It has been proven from the world’s experience.
Shir-‘atan – (a divine law), shara’ and sharii-‘at are other forms of the same word, these all words have the same meaning “a Divine Law of the Religion”.
Minhaa-jun – (a traced-out way), it is from nahaj, which means “way, manner, fashion, observances, system etc.” Another word for it is “Maz-hab or Tariiqah”, a particular way in the Law of Divine. (Importance) usually the words “Diin, Shara’ and Maz-hab have nearly the same meaning, but actually the religion is a vast thing, but the Way, which is determined by any Messenger (peace be upon Him) for its enforcement, is called “Shara’”, which should be spoken as ‘the Law of the Religion’. The wise people judge properly by considering thoughtfully in the Shara’. The collection of those thoughts is “Maz-hab” (the Religious Sect) and that is also called Fiqah (the Theology).
Allaah Almighty describes, “We have empowered the mankind to dwell in the world as they wish. They have involved themselves in various sects. Every sect has made separate laws and ways for themselves and We have given them time, because We have to observe that whosoever goes Straight Way from them”.
Then Allaah Almighty says, “If We willed, We would have made the entire mankind one community, but kept them on the separate ways for their trial. However, even then a particular sign of the Straight Path has been determined i.e. all useful matters have been gathered in it for the entire mankind. So if you wish to come towards the Straight Way, then jump up towards those useful advices, which have been prescribed for the human being. This world is place of a test, after death you all will be assembled before Allaah Almighty and He will expose the reality and the result of your all the ways. The Holy Qur’aan is the Scripture, which tells about the Straight Path and the Muslim nation has been appointed to produce it before the world by acting upon its instructions”.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)