Lesson # 612 From Holy Qur’aan
They are Abstinent, Who Ward off Evils
Surah Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)
Verses–27 of 120, Section–5 of 16 (Part–6)–Stage – 2
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|And recite unto them with truth the tale of the two sons of A-dam, how they offered each a sacrifice, and it was accepted from the one of them and it was not accepted from the other. (The one) said: I will surely kill thee. (The other) answered: Allaah accepteth only from those who ward off (evil).||Watlu ‘alayhim naba-‘abnay ‘Aadama bil-haqq. ‘Iz qarrabaa qurbaanan- fatuqubbila min ‘ahadi-himaa wa lam yutaqabbal minal-‘aakhar. Qaala la-‘aqtulunnak. Qaala ‘innamaa yataqabba-lUllaahu minal-Mutta-qiin.|
‘’Utlu – (recite, cause to hear by reciting), it is from tilaawat, which means, “reciting, reading, meditation”. Here it aims “to inform, to communicate, to signify). ‘Abnay – (two sons), it is plural of ‘ibn. According to actual word, it should be ‘abnayn. But due to composition of the word after it i.e. Aadam, the last “n” has been dropped. Qarrabaa – (they both offered), it is plural of qarraba, which is from taqriib. Taqriib means ‘nearness’. Taqarrab means “to put something near, to offer, to present”. Qurbaan – (a present, a tribute, a contribution), a thing, which is presented to obtain one’s kindness, it is called “dedication” also. ‘Al-Mutta-qiin – (those persons, who ward off evils), it is plural of Muttaqii, which has been derived from Taqwaa. Taqwaa means “warding off evils due to fear of Allaah Almighty.
In the previous Chapters, particularly in Surah Al-Baqarah, many evils and bad deeds of the Children of Israel have been described. They used to slay their Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them), exile their own people by quarreling and commit the riots of various sorts. murder, fight, quarrel, brawl and riot had become their common habits. But when they were commanded to fight correctly against their enemies, then they gave a point blank refusal, as it was mentioned in the previous section.
In this section, it has been caused to understand by telling a tale regarding two sons of Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) i.e. Abel and Cain, that it is very bad to kill someone and create any disturbance for own purpose. Refusing from fighting (Jihad) is also bad. It is aversion and disobedience of Allaah Almighty and its punishment is very severe.
This refusal from Jihad is not due to the reason that they do not know “how to slay”. But object of their behavior is that they kill the innocent, which is cause of disturbance in the society. And when Allaah Almighty commands to kill the enemies, due to slaying of which, the disturbance and outbreak may be hindered. And peace is established. At that time, they reply stupidly and refuse to strive. What can be result of this denial except that they should be ruined and punished very severely, who refused from Jihad.
Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) desired to wed Abel with a girl in accord with the procedure at that time. Cain, the brother of Abel said, “No, I should be married this girl”. To finish the wrangling, Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) said to his both sons, “Offer each of you a sacrifice for the cause of Allaah Almighty. That girl will be married with the person, whose sacrifice is accepted”. It was an established order in those days that the person, who had to offer a sacrifice, he used to bring any good thing and put it at a prescribed place. The sacrifice of the person, whose was accepted, that person’s thing was taken by a fire, and whose thing was not eaten by the fire, that was considered “Not accepted”.
The offering was brought by the both i.e. Abel and Cain and kept at the specified place. The fire came and ate the offering of Abel. It meant that application of Cain was rejected. Now the marriage of that girl was required to be done with Abel. At this stage, fire of jealousy broke out in the heart of Cain. He said Abel very clearly, “I will kill you, if you tried to wed that girl”.
Those people, who are frenzied of their wishes, they know nothing except that their desires should be fulfilled, and that the person should be driven back from the path, whoever becomes stoppage in fulfilling of their will. For this purpose, they use to conspire, flatter, give a bribe and threaten others, to the end that, they never miss any opportunity, and care regarding everything like evil, reward, lawful and unlawful throw behind. Cain adopted this method too and threatened his own brother to kill him.
Abel was a simple person, and had a civilized and unraveled nature. He said, “My offering has been accepted. Its reason is that neither I want to deprive any right of anyone, nor envy from any person, nor intend to quarrel with anyone. I keep myself away from the matters of mischief and disturbance. Allaah Almighty likes the deeds of this kind and these are the tokens of pious and abstinent people. And it is determined Divine Law that He accepts the sacrifice of the pious and abstinent people”.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)