Lesson # 602 From Holy Qur’aan
Intention of Infidels to Stretch out their Hands against Muslims
Surah Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)
Verse– 11 of 120, Section – 2 of 16 (Part–6)–Stage – 2
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|O yew who believe! Remember Allaah’s Favour unto you, how a people were minded to stretch out their hands against you but He withheld their hands from you; and keep your duty to Allaah. And in Allaah let believers put their trust.||Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aama-nuz-kuruu ni’-matAllaahi ‘alaykum ‘iz hamma qawmun ‘any-yabsutuuu ‘ilay-kum ‘aydiyahum fakaffa ‘aydiyahum ‘ankum. Watta-qUllaah. Wa ‘alAllaahi fal-yatawakkalil- Mu’-minuun.|
Hamma – (intended, were minded), it is from hammun, which means “to plan, to intend, to form a design against, to wish”.
Yabsutuuu – (they stretch), this word is from basata, which means “to spread, to stretch, to raise, to encourage”. ‘Aydii – (hands), it is plural of yadun, as per Arabic language, it means “hand”. The aim from ‘stretching out their hands’ is “troubling you, fighting against you, attacking upon you”. Kaffa – (withheld), it is from kaffun, which means “to restrain from, to keep or hold back”. It aims that Allaah Almighty did not let them trouble you and they could not attack upon you.
Before this lesson, the Believers were directed to deal justly and play fairly, and were commanded, “Whenever you overcome even upon your old enemies and they surrender and they embrace Islam, then you should forget their enmity. After embracing Islam, while they have become your brothers, anyway you should not give up justice and equity with them due to ancient enmity, but you should do such justice with them in all matters as you do among yourselves. It is the teachings of humanity, which is being delivered to the Muslims. Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) caused to know the Muslims by acting upon it Himself that, enmity of any person cannot prevent the Muslims from doing justice with the enemy. No doubt that it is not easy to do good with the bad, and such work can be done only, if someone has virtues of much higher level. Therefore, such matter has been discussed in this verse, due to which, it will become easy to do justice with the enemies. This formula has been told in it that when the enemy is overpowered, then it should be thought that if Allaah Almighty had given him victory upon us, then how would we be beaten black and blue? It is the great favor of Allaah Almighty that He did not hand over us to the enemies. We should be thankful to Him in such a manner that we should do acts of kindness with the enemy according to the command of Allaah Almighty after defeating him and do justice. If any temptation encloses your heart that the people will get the upper hand upon you due to forgiving the enemy and they will consider it your weakness, then forget this reflection. Because that God, Who saved you earlier from their hands, He will save you again in future too. Therefore, Allaah Almighty has emphasized the Muslims, “Do not fear people, but fear Me and remember that actual weapon of the Believers is, “They should trust only in Allaah Almighty in every affair”.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)