Lesson # 544 From Holy Qur’an
The Refugee, Whom Death Overtakes – Reward
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4)
Verses –100 of 176, Section – 14/24 (Part – 5)
|Whoso migrateth for the Cause of Allah will find much refuge and abundance in the earth. And whoso forsaketh his home, a fugitive unto Allah and His Messenger, and death overtaketh him, his reward is then incumbent on Allah. And Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Merciful.||Wa many-yuhaajir fii Sabii-Lillaahi yajid fil-‘arzi- mu-raagaman- kasiiranw-wasa-‘ah. Wa many-yakhruj mim- baytihii muhaa-jiran ‘ilAllaahi wa Rasuulihii summa yudrik-hul- mawtu faqad waqa-‘a ‘ajruhuu ‘alAllaah. Wa kaanAllaahu Gafuurar-Rahiimaa.|
wasa-‘ah has been derived from sa-‘a-tan, which means accommodation, capacity. It also aims ‘wideness, prosperity, opening and hilarity’. Here it signifies towards extent of livelihood and daily food, and extension of acting upon the religion.
Yudrik – (overtake), this word is from ‘adraak, which means ‘to get, to understand, to hold’. Here it aims ‘to overtake’.
waqa-‘a – (incumbent), to become important, to approach. It is from waquu’, which means ‘to occur’. In this verse a word ‘alaaa has come after waqa-‘a. Therefore, now its meaning will become ‘to be incumbent (on). As sometimes we say, “I have to do this work, that is to say; it is necessary and incumbent for me to do that particular work”.
It was told in the earlier verses that the person, who has belief in his heart, it is compulsory for him to act like Muslims. This pretense “We in that case were under influence of other persons and those cruel people did not use to permit us to do good deeds” will not be heard from any healthy and able to work person. Therefore, it was commanded to them, “If you are entangled in such a country, whose people prevent you from acting upon the religion, then you should migrate from that place and live in such an independent country, where you may be free to do independently.
It has been described in this verse, “Nobody should be afraid that if he leaves present residential place, he doesn’t know, whether he will find any place or not, whether food will be attainable or not”. It has been comforted here, “If you will migrate from such a place of suffocation, for acting upon the religion of Allaah Almighty independently, then you will find much livelihood, refuge and abundance in the earth. The person, who will leave his family, household goods and native land in accordance with the Instructions of Allaah Almighty and for His cause with true heart, Allaah Almighty will not let him to be distressed. He will never feel any deficiency in eating and drinking. Observe after working purely for Allaah Almighty. He will save you surely from the confusions. If you think, “What will happen, if I die in the way”, then have belief that your reward and good retaliation is incumbent on Allaah Almighty in such a condition”, because you have migrated from your country for His Cause. He is Ever-Forgiving sins of believers and Merciful.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).