LESSON # 514 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Bani Ishmael and Bani Israel – Children of ‘Abraham
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4)
Verses –53 & 54 of 176, Section – 8/24 (Part – 5)
|53. Or have they even a share in the Sovereignty? Then in that case, they would not give mankind even the speck on a date-stone.
54. Or are they jealous of mankind because of that which Allah of His Bounty hath bestowed upon them? “So We bestowed upon the house of Abraham (of old) the Scripture and Wisdom, and We bestowed on them a mighty kingdom.
|53. ‘Am lahum nasiibum-minal-mulki fa-‘izal-laa yu’-tuu-nannaasa naqiiraa.
54. ‘Am yahsuduu-nan-naasa ‘alaa maaa ‘aataahumul-laahu min-fazlih. Fa-qad ‘aataynaaa ‘Aala-‘Ibraahiimal-Kitaaba wal-Hikmata wa ‘aataynaahum-mul-kan ‘aziimaa.
As this verse’s situation of revelation has been described that the Jews used to understand that the prophet-hood and lord-ship of the religion was their hereditary. Moreover, it should remain only in the dynasty of the children of Israel in every reign. Therefore, they used to comprehend their disgrace in obedience of last Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and used to say that ultimately they would succeed in getting sovereignty and kingdom. Due to saying the above-mentioned words by the Jews, this verse was revealed, “Have the Jews any share in the Sovereignty and kingdom?” It means that certainly they have no share. These people are as much stingy that if they become ruler or king, then they will never give alms even equal to a seed of the sesame. That is to say; whenever they will get kingdom anywhere, they will not bestow on any beggar even equal to an atom.
Then Allah Almighty inquires, “Do the Jews grieve at the Bounty and the Liberality, which Allah Almighty bestowed upon Muhammad, His last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and His companions (sahaabah) (may Allah Almighty be pleased with them)? It is entirely their absurdity to envy for this purpose because We have bestowed upon the house of Abraham (peace be upon him) the Scripture and Wisdom, and We bestowed on them a mighty kingdom. Even now these all are held in His (Abraham – peace be upon him) house as the last Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is from the descendants of Ishmael, who was too son of Abraham (peace be upon them). Then it is not lawful for the Jews to envy and deny upon it.
When it was manifested upon the Jews that Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) was a True Prophet of Allah Almighty and Holy Qur’an is His Real Word, then it was better for them to believe in Allah Almighty, to embrace Islam and to become brothers of the Muslims instead of keeping malice and jealousy. But they were misled too much in the greed and avarice of worldly respect and honor, wealth and property that they did not care for the Commands of Allah Almighty. They used to burn in the fire of jealousy and avarice, to stand opposite upon the infidelity and denial, and to be exhausted of the friendship with the enemies of Islam. They also used to remain misers and do stinginess. How can be given the prophet-hood and the sovereignty to these like people?
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).