Part – 2, SURAH AL-BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow), Verses 142 to 252 (Lesson 143 – 295)




PART – 2

Praise belongs to Allah Who is Sufficient for us. And, may glory, grace, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon His chosen servants. fa-‘uu-zu  billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. Bis-millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim. Assalaam o Alaikum wa RahmatUllah i wa Barakatuhuu.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Qiblah Of The Muslims  

Verse –142 of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And the foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblah which they formerly observed? Say: Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path. SA-YAQUULUS-SUFA-HAAA-‘U  minan-naasi maa wallaahum ‘an- Qiblati-himul-latii kaanuu ‘alayhaa. Qul-lil-laahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib. Yahdii many-yashaaa-‘u ‘ilaa Siraatim- Mustaqiim.



As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas – (the foolish of the people) Sufa-haaa is plural of the word safiah that means childish, low, stupid, foolish. So aim of the As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas is the people who protest and criticize the Orders of the God Almighty. Here it is indicated towards the children of Israel.

Qiblah – The thing which is in front, that is to say, the direction and place turning towards which the prayers are offered and worship is done, namely Centre of Attention, side and direction to turn for worship. The Qiblah of the children of Israel was the Temple or city of Jerusalem. Till the time the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) remained in Makkah, He used to turn His face towards Jerusalem. After migration He continued that Qiblah. But He desired over and over to make His Qiblah to the Khana Ka’-ba which was constructed by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) in Makkah. But He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was waiting the order of the God Almighty. At last He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was commanded to change the Qiblah after migration to Madina passing sixteen or thirteen months.

When the children of Israel knew about change of Qiblah, they persecuted in opposition of it. They criticized of various sorts that formerly they used to offer their prayers turning towards the first Qiblah (the Temple or city of Jerusalem) which was the Qiblah of the old times Prophets (peace be upon Them). What happened with them now that have left that Qiblah, they have made the Ka’-ba as their Qiblah. Some of them used to say that it has been done duty to jealousy and enmity of the children of Israel.

The Holy Qur’an replied their objections, “O Messenger! Tell them that we have not changed the Qiblah due to jealously or bigotry, but it has been changed with the order of Allah Almighty.

The East or the West, each direction is of Allah Almighty. Every thing of each direction is in His Control and Knowledge. Guidance is also with Him. He bestows with His Guidance and Message to whom He desires.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

A Temperate And Middle Nation  

Verse –143a of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses against mankind, and that the Messenger may be a witness against you.

Wa kazaalika ja-‘alnaa-kum ‘Ummatanw- Wasatal-li-takuunuu shuha-daaa-‘a ‘alan-naasi wa yakuunar-Rasuulu ‘alaykum Shahiidaa.



Wasatan – (Moderate; temperate) it means that the Muslim nation is on right straight path. It has not any crookedness, abundance or deficiency. Teaching of Islam is self-control in behavior. The Followers of Islam are the temperate. They are appointed on acceptance of the middle path leaving all kinds of increases and decreases.

Shahiidun – (Witness) this word is also matter of the words Shaahid and Shahaadat. Shaahid means witness and Shahaadat means Evidence. Technically this word is also used for the killed, martyr in the path of God Almighty. In this verse its meaning may also be taken as ‘Watching’.

Excellence and superiority of the Muslim nation has been declared in this verse. The God Almighty commands, “O Muslims! As your Qiblah is the most excellent than other Qiblahs, like this We have bestowed you merit over all other nations, and your Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has been selected most superior over all other Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them).

It has come in the Sayings of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that on the Judgment Day, when all previous nations will be asked about their acts, at that time the Muslim nation will verify the claim of previous Prophets (peace be upon Them) in the light of the teachings of Holy Qur’an and witness that these all Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) came towards their nations and conveyed them the Message of Allah Almighty. But these people did not agree to their Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them).

The Muslim nation has been prepared in the both capacities of model individually and collectively for the entire world. Each nation of the world should rise and mould to the situation of this standard. Auspicious Personality of the Blessed Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has capacity of being an example and model roll for the Muslims. This lesson also results from this verse that we should establish ourselves as model roll for other nations of the world. We should escape ourselves from moral lowness in all respects and never choose the path which differentiates our recognized position. To get this object we should keep the pattern of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) in front of us forever. Being a middle nation we should escape ourselves from all kinds of abundance and decrease so that we may be able to keep the honor of the title of “a middle nation”.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Philosophy In Change Of Qiblah   

Verse –143b of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the Messenger, from him who turneth on his heels.

Wa maa ja-‘alnal-Qiblatal-latii kunta ‘alayhaaa ‘illaa li-na’-lama many-yattabi-‘ur-Rasuula  mim-many-yanqalibu ‘alaa ‘aqibayh.



Li-na’-lama – (that We might know) the word ilm (knowledge) is used here only for distinction, identification and recognition.

It was the blessed habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that in which matter there was no instruction from the God Almighty, in that matter He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to choose the manner of former Prophets (peace be upon Them), for instance the pray had become duty to offer, but there was no clear order available regarding Qiblah. The Messenger of Allah Almighty used to offer prayers turning towards the Temple of Jerusalem, which was the Qiblah of the children of Israel. It has also known clearly from the words of this verse ‘Wa maa ja-‘alnaa’ that in the beginning to face towards the former Qiblah was with the sanction of God Almighty. When He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) migrated from Makkah to Madina, even then the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Maqaddas) also remained Qiblah. But after a period of nearly sixteen months the God Almighty ordered to change the Qiblah and the Ka’-ba was appointed as Qiblah of the Muslims.

The God Almighty commands in this verse, “It was the purpose to keep the Qiblah to Bayt ul Muqaddas (the Temple of Jerusalem) temporarily for a short time so that the Obedient and the Violent may be separated”.

The Idolaters of Makkah were not convinced for reverence of the Qiblah as the Temple of Jerusalem. So it was a clear sign of embracing Islam in Makkah that each person has to offer his prayers turning towards the Temple of Jerusalem. Near to the Jews and the Christians of Madina, the Temple of Makkah had no honor. So in Madina it became the sign of embracing Islam that the prayer should be offered facing towards the BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba), the Temple of Makkah. Here upon it became easy to make a distinction between the Muslims and the Non-Muslims.

If the Temple of Makkah were Qiblah instead of the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Muqaddas) during the life in Makkah then perhaps the people of Makkah might consider it as a kind of flattery and they might embrace Islam due to their own country’s Qiblah instead of taking this religion as the Order of God Almighty. Thus Islam is pure from all these objects. Teaching of the religion is not for favor of any particular nation or race. Islam has come for the entire world and its teachings are for the entire nations.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Faith Does Not Lose  

Verse –143c of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


In truth it was a hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. And it is not Allah’s purpose that your faith should be in vain. For Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful towards mankind.

Wa ‘in- kaanat lakabiiratan ‘illaa ‘alal-laziina hadallaah. Wa maa kaanallaahu liyuzii-‘a   ‘iimaanakum.  ‘Innallaaha bin-naasi la-Ra-‘uu-fur-Rahiim.



BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba), the Temple of Makkah is the most sacred place. It is the oldest and holy place of worship between the Mosques and Temples of the world. Due to native reliability it was the most respectable place near to the Arabians. But the prayers were offered facing towards the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Muqaddas) during the life of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) in Makkah. It was a big trial for the patriot Arabs. It was much arduous and weighty for those people to make the Qiblah to the Temple of Jerusalem. The Arabians and the Quraish were Speakers of the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). So they also used to respect the Ka’-ba, the Temple of Makkah, and dislike to deem the Temple of Jerusalem (Bayt ul Muqaddas) as Qiblah.

The God Almighty commanded that this test and trial was not heavy for those people who were shown Guideline by Allah Almighty and they were aware of its philosophy. They took it as that the Prophet of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has been sent as Prophet for the entire world. To make Qiblah to Bayt ul Muqaddas did not astonish them. But they leaned in front of Allah Almighty without dispute and came out with great success in this trial.

When again the BaytUl-laah (Khana Ka’-ba), the Temple of Makkah was appointed as Qiblah then many people had doubt that the prayers offered turning towards Bayt ul Muqaddas have been wasted and particularly those Companions of the Holy Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who have died before the change of Qiblah, remained in the loss. The God Almighty cleared their doubt and commanded that the actual thing is obedience. Bayt ul Muqaddas was also appointed Qiblah with Our Orders. So the people who offered their prayers turning to words that Qiblah, will not be given loss for their any good act, future reward of their virtues is established. Allah Almighty is extremely Kind and Merciful over the human beings. He does not waste any virtue of any person.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Desire Of The Messenger Of God

(glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) 

Verse –144a of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


We have seen the turning of thy face to heaven (for guidance, O Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) towards a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward Inviolable Place of Worship.

Qad naraa taqalluba waj-hika fis-samaaa’; falanuwalli-yannaka Qiblatan- tarzaahaa. Fa-walli wajhaka shatral-Mas-jidil-Haraam.



Qiblatan- tarzaahaa – (towards a qiblah which is dear to thee), Qiblah (Centre of attention, turning towards the direction or place for worship). It has already been explained earlier. Tarzaahaa (which is dear to you) it signifies towards Kahana Ka’-ba which was constructed by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and that was the favorite place of worship for all the Arabs.

Wajhaka – (Thy face) literal meaning is only face or mouth but the entire body is included in it. Here it means attention, wish, liking and fondness.

Al-Mas-jidil-Haraam – (Inviolable Place of Worship) Respectable and Glorious Mosque that is to say The Greatest Mosque of Makkah in which the Khana Ka’-ba is situated. First Drawing of the Present Building of this Mosque was prepared during the time of Caliph Mehdi Abbasi. There are large and magnificent courtyards on its four sides. This Building has forty one doors, six Minarets and one hundred fifty small and large Domes.  It is called Masjid-i-Haraam (Inviolable Place of Worship). To wage a war or go hunting is forbidden (unlawful) here.

Actual Qiblah of the Muslims was the Khana Ka’-ba which was the Qiblah of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). Only for a little time the Bayt ul Muqaddas was appointed as Qiblah for trial. The children of Israel used to reproach, “While the Divine of Muslims is different from us and is conformity to the religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) then why they fix upon our Qiblah? The Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to desire that the Khana Ka’-ba be appointed as Qiblah by the Order of God Almighty so that we may offer prayers turning toward the Khana Ka’-ba. He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to look towards the sky over and over waiting for the revelation through the Angel (peace be upon Him). This condition is being stated in this verse.

The God Almighty completed His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) this desire and commanded, “And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) towards a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward Inviolable Place of Worship”. When it was ordered to change the Qiblah, at that time He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was offering Zohar prayer. Two Rak-‘at of the prayer had been offered, during their faces toward the Temple of Jerusalem. During offering the prayer He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His followers turned their faces towards the Khana Ka’-ba and completed remaining two Rak-‘ats. That Masjid of the Madina is called Masjid Qiblatayn.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Khana Ka’-ba Became Qiblah  

Verse –144b of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And ye (O Muslims), wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray) toward it. Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this Revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is not Unaware of what they do.

Wa hay-su maa kuntum fawalluu wujuuhakum shatrah. Wa ‘innal-laziina ‘uu-tul-Kitaaba laya’-lamuuna ‘an-nahul-haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘am-maa ya’-maluun.



It has been mentioned earlier that the children of Israel and the Christians used to consider themselves on the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and said that they were out of the children of Them so they did not need to embrace any new religion. The Holy Qur’an proved wrong their saying after providing correct knowledge about the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). Moreover He was steady on pure Unity and was sacred from the Plurality. If the Jews and the Christians say themselves the followers of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) then they should fix upon the Straight Path explained by the Islam leaving all other paths. They should catch the Law of good acts and Oneness with durability because it was the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).

After it the Holy Qur’an commands that due to the Prayer of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) the Last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was sent in this world and this nation (Muslim) stood firm due to His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) teachings. So the spiritual and group centre of this nation will be the same as of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), that is to say Khana Ka’-baBaytul Muqaddas was only temporary Qiblah. Khana Ka’-ba is appointed as the Qiblah of the Muslims. Wherever will be the Muslims, wishing either in the journey or at home, either in the city or in jungle, either in forest or in the desert, either in the vicinity of Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjidi-Haraam) or in the surroundings of Baytul Muqaddas, means in each condition they will turn their faces towards the Ka’-ba.

Along-with it the God Almighty also commanded, O Muslims! Don’t care from the people of the Scripture. “Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this Revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do”. And now if they produce doubts intentionally, then the God Almighty will see them because He knows their acts.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Stubbornness Of The People Of The Scripture  

Verse –145 of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


And even if thou broughtest unto those who have received the Scripture all kinds of portents, they would not follow thy qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of their qiblah; nor are some of them followers of the qiblah of others. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then surely thou will be among be the evildoers.

Wa la-‘in ‘ataytal-laziina ‘uutul-Kitaaba bi-kulli ‘Aayatim-maa tabi-‘uu Qiblatak. Wa maaa ‘anta bi-taabi-‘in- Qiblata-hum. Wa maa ba’-zuhum- bi-taabi-‘’in-Qiblata ba’-z. Wa la-‘inittaba’-ta ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum-mim-ba’-di maa jaaa-‘aka min-al-‘ilmi, ‘innaka ‘izalla-minaz-zaalimiin.



In this verse stubbornness and bigotry of the children of Israel has been mentioned. The God Almighty commands, “O Prophet! If you (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will show them all the tokens of Your Prophet-hood, produce them all the proofs about Truth of Khana Ka’-ba as Qiblah, even then they will not be ready to admit it as Qiblah. Moreover on the base of opposite, jealousy, enmity, stubbornness and bigotry they will stand firm on their ancient Qiblah. And because We have bestowed You the excellent and the Prophet Abraham’s (peace be upon Him) Qiblah, so You (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) have no need to agree upon their ignoble Qiblah. Due to the cause of ending the leadership of the children of Israel, You have been given a permanent and worldwide Qiblah. So the people of the Scripture should become hopeless from this matter that ever you will admit their Qiblah”.

It has also been mentioned that the people of the Scripture do not get themselves followers on one Qiblah. So how can they expect that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will agree upon their Qiblah. At the end the Messenger of Islam (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) has been duly warned that after knowing about final decision of the God Almighty that the actual Qiblah is only the Khana Ka’-ba, if He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will admit and fix upon their Qiblah then He will also be included into the unjust people. Although any Messenger of God Almighty (peace be upon Him) never stains with any sin but it is intended to tell the Muslim nation from this warning that it is very heavy sin to follow any false religion. Even in it no body can be favored desiring he has the most superior rank near to God Almighty.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The People Of The Scripture and The Prophet Of Islam

(glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)  

Verse –146 & 147 of 286, Section – 17 (Part  – 2)


146.  Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognize (this Revelation) as they recognize their sons. And lo! A party of them knowingly conceals the truth.

147.  It is the Truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those waver.

146.  ‘Allaziina ‘aataynaa-humul-Kitaaba ya’-rifuunahuu kamaa ya’-rifuuna ‘abnaaa-‘ahum. Wa ‘inna fariiqam-minhum la-yak-tumuunal-Haqqa wa hum ya’-lamuun.

147.  ‘Al-Haqqu mir-Rabbika falaa takuunanna minal-mum-tariin.



It has been mentioned in this verse that the children of Israel and the Christians had known very well through their religious books that a Prophet (peace be upon Him) will come at the last of all. He (peace be upon Him) will not say anything with His heart. Moreover, He will teach likeness of the Revelation of the God Almighty. When the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was sent, they found the tokens and signs into Him, which were written in their Books. They distinguished very well that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is the last of all Holy Prophet and His teachings are True and Right. But they denied believing Him (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) due to only enmity, opposite and malice, and tried to hide all the foretelling which were held in their Heavenly Books, and exposed as that they have not recited these foretelling.

The God Almighty is causing certainty and confidence to His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that the people of the Scriptures either believe or do not believe on You, either they hide the foretelling about your Prophet-hood or disclose, either they deem Your Qiblah as right or wrong, the Right is in all conditions Right and You are the True Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). All the Orders are sent by Us towards the Prophet (peace be upon Him). Permanent Qiblah of the Muslims will remain the Khana Ka’-ba. So don’t lie in any doubt or hesitation.

It has also known from this verse that the foretelling was held in the former Heavenly Books about coming of the last Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). The people of the Scriptures already knew Him and recognized Him as a father can recognize his children out of the many children and he does not feel any difficulty recognizing his own child.

Sorrow on the people of the Scriptures that they found all the tokens of Prophet-hood in the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) , their hearts provided them evidence but till today they did not embrace Islam being apart entirely from the religious persecution.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Vie In Good Works

Verse –148 of 286, Section – 18 (Part 2)


And each one hath a goal toward which he turneth; so vie with one another in good works. Wheresoever ye may be, Allah will bring you all together. Lo!  Allah is Able to do all things.

Wa li-kullinw-wijhatun huwa muwalliihaa fastabiqul-khayraat.  ‘Ayna maa takuu-nuu ya’-ti  bikumul-laahu jamii-‘aa.   ‘Innallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.  




Khayraat – (good works) khayr is its singular. Besides Alms and Charity it is also used for each type of good works. Each that work which is done according to the Divine’s Law and cause to do that work is only to please the God Almighty, that is included in the khayraat.

After stating about making separate groups and selfishness of the people of the Scripture, the Holy Qur’an instructed them about the Straight Path and told that the Truth is only one which was bestowed to all. But the former nations failed to keep it. Appointing the Qiblah is not out of the basic questions of the religion that it would be considered the standard of the Right and the Wrong. Every nation has its own Qiblah and each nation does worship turning towards its own Qiblah. Actual thing which is to be understood and done is “khayraat” that means good works. So, try to lead in it from one another and take it for the religion’s actual Base.

The people of the Scripture used to take part in bigotry and stubbornness surpassing each other. They did not use to incline towards the Truth, always put the doubts into the hearts of the Muslims, and remained on the front line in the mischief and conspiracies. These people used to produce confusions in the customary questions being careless from the teachings of their religion. If they did not find any other thing, then they used to go ahead taking the question of Qiblah in front of them. Although this matter is not too much important that much precious time be wasted in its discussion. Deem the Qiblah as from the Order of God Almighty, which depends upon time and advisability. The real task is to lead in the good works.

If the nation’s gathering will be on the goodness and the people will include the goodness in their lives then the God Almighty will gather them on a Centre, all the misunderstandings will end and enmities will expire.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


The Inviolable Place Of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba & The Perfection Against The Arguments

Verse –149 & 150 of 286, Section – 18 (Part 2)


149.   And whencesoever thou comest forth (for prayer, O Muhammad) turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship. Lo! It is the Truth from thy Lord. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do.

150.   And whencesoever thou comest forth turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship; and wheresoever ye may be (O Muslim) turn your faces towards it (when ye pray) so that men may have no argument against you, save such of them as do injustice-fear them not, but fear Me!-and so that I may complete My Grace upon you, and that ye may be guided.

149.   Wa min hay-su kharajta fawalli waj-haka shatral-Mas-jidil-Haraam.

Wa ‘innahuu lal-haqqu mir-Rabbik. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.


150. Wa min hay-su kharajta fawalli waj-haka shatral-Mas-jidil-Haraam. Wa hay-su maa kuntum fawalluu wujuuhakum shatrahuu, li-‘allaa yakuuna lin-naasi ‘alaykum hujjatun, ‘illal-laziina zalamuu minhum; falaa takhshawhum wakhshawnii; wa li-‘utimma ni’-matii ‘alay-kum wa la-‘allakum tahtaduun.




In these verses there is the Order also regarding the change of the Qiblah and at the same time it is said that it shouldn’t be like that from your works the people get chance of arguments, the Idolaters and Infidels of the Makkah may say that how they are the best followers of the religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him), who don’t accept His (peace be upon Him) Ka’aba as Qiblah. As about the fear, it should be only of Allah Almighty. The completion of the grace and blessings, the guidance and the success all are in His (God Almighty’s) Power.

Urfi! Not to fear from the uproar of the enemies

Barking dogs don’t lessen sustenance of beggars








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Specialties Of The Messenger Muhammad

(glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)

Verse –151 of 286, Section – 18 (Part 2)


Even as We have sent unto you a Messenger from among you, who reciteth unto you  Our Revelations  and causeth you to grow, and teacheth you the Scripture  and Wisdom, and teacheth you that which ye knew not–

Kamaaa ‘arsalnaa fiikum Rasuulam-minkum  yatluu ‘alaykum  ‘Aayaatinaa  wa  yu-zakkiikum wa  yu—‘allimukumul- Kitaaba  wal-Hikmata  wa  yu-‘allimukum-maa lam  takuunuu ta’-lamuun.




Which specialties and characteristics of the Last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) have been stated in this verse, four out of them have already been mentioned in the verse # 129, that is to say:

1.   Recite the Revelations of God Almighty.

2.   Instruct the people in the Scripture.

3.   Instruct them in Wisdom.

4.    Make them grow (Purify them).

Now fifth specialty is being discussed in this verse that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) teaches you about that which you did never know before this time.

The God Almighty sent His Messengers (peace be upon Them) for different nations during different times for the guidance of human beings and arranged for them to convey the Message of the Truth. Slowly and gradually each nation overtook in the different groups, opposite and religious persecution, and went very far from the path of heavenly knowledge and guidance. Then the God Almighty sent the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that a new nation may be raised after becoming un-useful of the former nations, make them justice liking with the impression of His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) teachings and company and so that this nation may hold the post of guidance and admonition for the entire nations of the world.

This verse points towards the change of the Qiblah, that it is the completion of those blessings, series of which have already been begun. Change of the Qiblah is the last ring of that series of the blessings, the first ring of which is to send a Messenger who would be out of you. So that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) may become spring of the entire splendid blessings for you, he may cause to hear you the verses of Holy Qur’an, tell you the manners of getting outward and natural chastity and purity, teach you to follow on the orders and instructions of the Holy Qur’an and admonish you the delicacies and principles of these orders and instructions so that you may get superiority and excellence over all other nations due to knowledge and acts, and they may not find any path except to accept you the Excellent looking your knowledge and acts.

It is clear that if these all arrangements would have not been done by the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) then you would have remained ignorant and you would never have known the manners to solve the problems of the life.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Remember The God & Thanks For Him

Verse –152 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Therefore remember Me, I will remember you; and give thanks to Me, and do not be ungrateful to Me.

Faz-kuruuniii  ‘az-kurkum  washkuruu  lii  wa laa takfu-ruun.




Faz-kuruuniii – (So you remember Me) its matter is Zikr, which means remember, recitation, memory, prayer, talk and mention. Accordingly counting on rosary (count the beads) is called the Zikr because it is source of remembrance to the God Almighty.

Ashkuruu  lii – (give thanks to Me) shukr means thanks, gratitude. Purpose of it is that use of the powers and blessings bestowed by the God Almighty should be on the just, true, right and proper places, and should abstain from under-esteeming which is also called ingratitude of a favor.

The principles regarding improvement of the Muslim Ummah (nation) have been mentioned in the former verses, so now it is necessary that the people who admit the invitation of Holy Qur’an be guided to act according to those principles and tell them to do with zeal keeping in view these matters. So they are being commanded at first, “Remember the God Almighty every moment”.

Meaning of the ‘remember’ to the Lord Almighty is that the person should go on the path guided by Him with full fondness and courage.

He should keep on priority the liking and assent of the God Almighty in each work, as during standing, sitting, walking, wondering, waking, and sleeping. Particularly the method of worship has also been selected to remember Him. It is our duty to stand firm on it. As its reward the God Almighty commands, “I shall continue to rain over you My particular favors and blessings in this world as well as on the Judgment Day, and you will be bestowed with new and fresh kindness and mercies.

Secondly the Muslim nation is being commanded, “Give thanks to Me”. The best shape of the Thanks to God Almighty is that His favors and blessings be fixed for His works according to His orders and should work in the limitations which have been ordered by the Lord to do by the human beings. With it the blessings and favors increase. This enlargement and increase is called blessings and fortune.

The third order delivered through Holy Qur’an is, “Esteem highly all the powers, blessings and strength granted by the God Almighty. Due to ungratefulness not only the favor is snatched, but the severe punishment and strong agony is also awarded.

God Almighty has appointed the Muslims for teaching and guidance of the nations. It was necessary to do this duty successfully that at first morality, manners and courtesy of superior quality and needful excellences be produced in to them. Three excellences have been mentioned out of them in the today’s lesson, which are roots (base) of all the excellences. That is to say, we should do worship of Allah Almighty and obey His orders, spend the favors, blessings and powers granted by Him according to His orders and do not fix in disobedience the strength, powers and causes gifted us by Him.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Steadfastness And Prayer

Verse –153 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.

Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manusta-‘iinuu  bis-Sabri  was-Salaah.   ‘Innallaaha   ma-‘as-saabiriin.




‘Ista-‘iinuu – (seek help) infinitive mood of this word is ‘isti-‘aanat and the matter is ‘awn which means help.

It was discussed in the previous lessons that the God Almighty has granted the Muslims a very high post. That is to say, they should remove the plurality and worshipping of Idols from the world, convey the message of Unity (Oneness of God) in all parts of the world and perform the duty of leadership and guidance for the entire nations. It was necessary to support this responsibility that superior virtues and kind manners be grown into the Muslims.

Three out of these qualities have been mentioned in the former lesson, namely:

  • Do worship of the Allah Almighty and obey His orders whole heartedly.
  • Spend the powers and strength granted by Him at the proper places/circumstances.
  • Esteem highly all the blessings and favors of God Almighty and do not be ungrateful. It has been commanded in today’s lesson that “Seek help of God Almighty in steadfastness and offer prayers for success.

Two methods have been narrated here to seek help of the God Almighty:

  • Seek help in steadfastness during difficulties and calamities.
  • Offer prayers regularly.

To achieve the object, the calamities and difficulties will come without fail. So someone should not leave steadfastness for the real point.

Sabr – (steadfastness, patience, power of encounter) to stop oneself from confusion during the circumstances of poverty and displeasing condition, to encounter with strength during difficulties and troubles, control over sensual wishes.

It is the reality of the thought and prayer that the spirit gets power with the remembrance of God Almighty. That group or party never fails in which these two powers grow.

Then it is commanded that the people who will remain firm on the steadfastness during the coming difficulties on following their cause, they will get particular help and coexistence of the God Almighty. And it is clear that which group or party is supported by Allah Almighty that can never be unsuccessful. We should produce these virtues in ourselves and become zeal for preaching and invitation.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Martyrs Remain Living Forever 

Verse –154 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


And call not those who are slain in the Way of Allah “dead”.  Nay, they are living, only ye perceive not.

Wa  laa  taquuluu  li-many-yuqtalu fii sabiilil-laahi ‘am-waat.  Bal  ‘ah-yaaa-‘unw-wa  laakil-laa  tash-‘uruun. 




Fii sabiilil-laah – (in the Way of Allah) it is revealed that there is no any particular path in the shape of road or highway. Moreover the path of God Almighty means the manner which He has fixed, for instance to spend the wealth, to strive for the Path of God Almighty etc.

Now the recitation regarding the circumstances and conditions begins where there is need of the steadfastness. Every body will face these circumstances and conditions that is going on the straight path, justice and truth, and inviting others for it, because it is impossible to differentiate between good and bad without calamities, difficulties and troubles. In the Holy Qur’an where the philosophy of fights and killing have been mentioned on many places, there it has also been cleared that the war took place and the Muslims faced difficulties only due to the reason that the difference between Believer and Hypocrite

may be cleared.

Second reality is that the life of the nations is connected with the blood of the Martyrs as crops need water and heat of the sun like this the independence can not be gotten till the time the necks do not cut, blood of the Crusaders does not flow, the people of the nation are not killed and every body of the nation is not ready to produce his head to be sacrificed.

When the honorable people of the nation begin to be killed then into the nation passion and tumult grows in the nation. Any other nation does not have courage to encounter it. This passion and tumult is the real life and main vein of the nation. So the God Almighty commands that the persons who will produce their lives in Our path, their nation can never become slave of enemies.

Cause of the try and strive is to be prepared to sacrifice oneself for the security of the future generation and coming breeds. It is clear that there is no any act so much true and without affinity which may be collection of passions for security of one’s breed and service of humanity. So it became necessary that its rewards would also be forever and remain always. It has been signified in this verse that while the just can never go to end then how it may be that who sacrifices his life in His path, the death prevails over him, that is to say that he will never die. So the Martyr remains alive always. However, we do not have the sense of his life due to our own misunderstanding.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Trial And Examination 

Verse –155 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and fruits. And give glad tidings to the steadfast.

Wa lanablu-wannakum-  bi-shay-‘im-minal-khawfi waljuu-‘i    wa  naqsim-minal-‘amwaali  wal-‘anfusi  was-samaraat.  Wa bash-shiris-Saabiriin. 




It was stated in the previous verse about the people who acquired higher post of steadfastness, that is to say they fought in the way of God Almighty and were put to death as martyrs in the path of Truth. Now in this verse it is mentioned that the Muslims will face these types of trials and tests during their lives which will be more troublesome than the death to maintain its stability. The person should never show weakness and cowardice-ness during these kinds of situations. Moreover they should take strength from the steadfastness and continue to obey the commands of God Almighty happily with His assent.

These tests will appear in the different shapes, for example fear of the enemy, danger of banishment, confinement and imprisonment on speaking the truth, season of dearth or famine, shortage of the basic needs of life, wealth and property, deficiency in livelihood and employment, killing of nearest relatives, friends and supporters in the path of God Almighty, looking mortality, ruin and expiration of own relatives during the war against enemies of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), shortage of fruits, other eatable and drinkable things etc.

The people will be tested through all these difficulties, calamities, and troubles from time to time, their perseverance, steadiness and steadfastness will be seen. It is not too much easy to include one between the steadfast. So it is warned here that a lot of troubles like these may be faced during try for doing benediction and prestige of God Almighty, but it is the demand of steadfastness that instead of being afflicted and broken hearted we should remain zealous and earnest in inclination of our cause. Conception to achieve it should remain firm with full strength and keep it up with the tireless hardworking.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Nature Of The Enduring 

Verse –156 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning.

‘Al-laziina ‘izaaa ‘asaabat-hum-musiibatun, qaaluuu ‘innaa  lillaahi  wa  ‘innaaa ‘ilayhi  raaji-‘uun.




Musiibatun – (calamity, woe, trouble) its literal meanings are misery, distress, accident, chance. Once the Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that which thing a Muslim feels un-pleasant that is the musiibat for him. So it is known that this word has many vast and common meanings.

We have studied in the verse before it that the Muslims will be tested by the God Almighty through different manners of difficulties, calamities, and troubles from time to time, the person who will keep perseverance and steadfastness he will succeed easily in these tests. So the future result of the steadfast will be better. The token of the patients has been mentioned in the today’s verse that the people who say at the time of musiibat, “Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning”, they are included in the steadfast.

We have learnt three things in this verse:

1.   We all and our every thing is the property of the God Almighty. Nothing is our own including ourselves, our every thing, wife, children, wealth, property, native country, dynasty, body and soul. It is the cause of grief, sorrow, pain and desire of the human being that he supposes his beloved things as his own. When this thought will be expelled from the mind and considered that the God Almighty is the Master, Possessor and Owner of every thing then there will be no space for sorrow, sadness and displeasure. We have to repeat these words in each hard, difficult, trouble and calamity, “Ours is nothing here. Every thing is of the God Almighty and has to return towards Him”.

2.   Wishing the sorrows, troubles, pains and difficulties are how much heavy, all are temporary, mortal, transitory, coming and going. These all will end and soon we would have to attend the Court of Real Master Almighty, so why should we be afraid of them.

3.   These calamities and tests are not useless by chance. Their remuneration and reward shall be granted during the second life i.e. on the Doomsday. The person who bore them with steadfastness, remained firm on the Just and did not left the real cause, he shall be rewarded due to his fortitude.

A person how much will have strong faith on these fidelities, so much he will remain in contentment and quiet. We should bear in our minds these things well efficiently so that it may become print on our hearts. Although the relation of steadfastness is with the heart but due to saying these words with tongue, the tongue becomes companion of the heart and the person gets power and strength from it. It has been mentioned about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to recite “‘innaa  lillaahi  wa  ‘innaaa ‘ilayhi  raaji-‘uun” (Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning) in even light from the light difficulty, trouble or un-pleasant situation.  


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Blessings & Mercy For The Steadfast

Verse –157 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and   mercy. And such are the rightly guided.

“Ulaaa- ‘ika  ‘alayhim  sala-waatum-mir-Rabbihim  wa rahmah.  Wa ‘ulaaa-‘ika  hu-mul-Muhtaduun.




Sala-waatun – (blessings) this word is plural of salaaat. Besides its meaning as prayer, it is also used in the meanings of blessings, humbly making requests (to God Almighty for something), do worship, commune with God and mercy.  


Muhtaduun – (the rightly guided persons) this word is for the guidance. It has been explained in the first Surah, verse: 5, 6 & 7 (Show us the straight path, the path of those whom Thou hast favored; Not (the path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray).

In this verse there is happy news for those persons who obeyed the orders of the God Almighty and acted upon His commands.

It was mentioned in the previous verses that the Muslims would be used to test their strength of faith, obedience, submission and worship. They will be examined by putting them in difficulties and troubles of various sorts. They would have fear of the opposite of enemies. They will be tortured by the selfish on speaking the truth. They will bear the pressure of the opposite, famine and dearth, starvation and poverty, loss of life and property, deficiency in eatables and drinkables. They will have to endure all these troubles.    


The human being can stray from justice coming in greed, avarice and temptation due to these calamities and troubles. So the persons who will not leave the cause of raising the name of God Almighty and His Religion not to care for the enmities, but will remain firm on it with perseverance, fortitude and steadiness. They will be included in the steadfast. These types of persons will say, “We and our every thing is only for the God Almighty and at last we have to return towards Him. If during try and strive it will harm to us or our things the God Almighty is the Sole Commander to bestow us better reward for it. We believe that He shall give us remuneration for these matters”.

It has been mentioned in this verse that remuneration of the steadfast like these persons is much great. They will be particularly blessed by Us in this world as well as on the Day of Resurrection. We shall continue Our Mercy upon them. So they should not withdraw due to the fear of the enemies of the Truth. Moreover they should rise to these situations of tests.

It has also been stated that the steadfast in the tests and examinations are on the straight path, and they will reach the God Almighty successfully.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Customs Of The Pilgrimage

Verse –158 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the signs of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on Pilgrimage to the House (of God) or performs Umrah, to go around them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of his own accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.

‘Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min-Sha-‘aaa-‘irillaah.  Faman  hajjal-Bayta  ‘awi’-tamara  falaa  junaaha  ‘alayhi  ‘any-yat-taw-wafa  bihimaa.  Wa  man- tataw-wa-‘a  khayran,  fa-‘innallaaha  Shaakirun ‘Aliim. 




As-Safaa wal-Marwata – (Safaa and Marwah) near the Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjid-i-Haraam) these are two hills. Safaa is on the right hand and the Marwah is on the left side. There is a distance of nearly 275 yards between them. Verbal meaning of the Safaa is pure stone or genuine rock and verbal meaning of the Marwa is white soft stone. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) left His wife Ajar (compliments for Her) and His son Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) in the Faran valley and returned. He (Ishmael) was still an innocent infant. When the eatables and drinkables ended which was held with the mother and the infant, the infant began to flutter due to thirst. His mother used to run on these two hills hither and thither with utmost restlessly and unstrung to see the fountain of water anywhere.

Sha-‘aaa-‘irillaah – (the signs of God Almighty). Sha-‘aaa-‘ir is plural of Sha-‘iirah that means appointed place for worship or manners of worship. During the Pilgrimage on which appointed places and manners the customs of Pilgrimage are performed, those all are included in “the signs of God Almighty”.

Hajj – in the Islamic worships it is the fourth pillar. During the month of Zil-Hajjah on appointed dates with the proper manner Pilgrimage of the Khana Ka’-ba, to kill an animal particularly during the particular days, going round the Holy Shrine (Khana Ka’-ba), to do endeavor of Safaa and Marwa, and obeying other Customs is called Hajj.

Umrah – (a manner of the pilgrimage of Khana Ka’-ba). Its reward is not equal to the Hajj. There is no date or month fixed for this worship. Its customs are brief also.

Some customs of Hajj have been mentioned in this verse. God Almighty commands that these are not only the customs but these are also the signs of Allah Almighty. Its purpose is to grow passion of goodness into the human beings. He should bow his body and place his forehead on the ground (prostrate) in the Court of Allah
Almighty being pure from the sins.      




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Accursed By Allah

Verse –159 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after We had made it clear to mankind in the Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and accursed of those who have the power to curse-

‘Innallaziina yaktumuuna maaa ‘anzalnaa  minal-bayyi-naati  wal-hudaa  mim-  ba’-di  maa bayyan-naahu  linnaasi  fil-Kitaabi,  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  yal-anu-humullaahu  wa  yal-‘anu-humul-laa-‘inuun.




‘Innallaziina yaktumuuna – (Those persons who hide) this word has come out from the word kat-maan, that means to hide anything intentionally and where it is necessary to disclose, it is not disclosed there. It is signified towards the people of Scripture and all those persons who do so.

Al-bayyi-naatu – (the proofs, clear orders) it means those signs and orders which are clear and splendid themselves. Moreover bayyi-naat also means the proofs of the prophet-hood of Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

Al-laa-‘inuun – (The persons who have the power to curse) its matter is la’an and single laa-‘inLa’-nat means curse, reproof and reproached. According to the phrase of Divine Law of Religion it signifies the person who is deprived from the Mercy of Allah Almighty, away from the Kindness of God Almighty.

We have read in the previous lessons that the human beings should grow into them superior qualities and the best morality. They should remain busy in the worship of God Almighty and recitation, and preach the others to choose the straight path, not to get rid of the patience during troubles, calamities and difficulties, use the blessings and favors of God Almighty correctly on proper places and should not be ungrateful to Him.

In this verse it has been discussed that the persons who will hide the proofs and the guidance which the God Almighty revealed, will not preach the others, will tell the people false and self made manners, hide the foretelling and proofs mentioned in the Heavenly Books (Scriptures) about the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), such people are accursed of Allah Almighty and accursed of those people who have the power to curse. Like these people go away from the Mercy and Kindness of the God Almighty, because whenever the misfortune is revealed due to hide the Truth then other creature also falls in its whirlpool.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Terms And Conditions For Penitence

Verse –160 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Except those who repent and amend make manifest (the truth). These it is toward whom I relent. And I am the Relenting, the Merciful.

‘Illal-laziina  taabuu  wa  ‘as-lahuu  wa  bayyanuu  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘atuubu  ‘alayhim.  Wa  ‘A-nat-Tawwaabur-Rahiim.  




Taabuu – (repent, the persons who did penitence). Taw-bah means repentance from sins, sorrow for wrongdoings, and return to the straight path, to shun or abstain from any evil and to device or intend to leave it for future.

Allah Almighty has declared three terms and conditions for forgiveness of sins in this verse:

  • Penitence, it means decide to leave the sin with its perception and admission.
  • Correction – rectify the created badness due to sins and mischief.
  • Compensate the oppressed; disclose the matters which were hidden to commit the crime.

It has been expressed in the previous verses that the children of Israel and the Christians used to change the Orders and Instructions revealed by the God Almighty due to worldly greed and avarice or afraid of enmity on speaking the Truth, and used to hide the real Orders. So due to their hiding the Just many people used to go astray, the Believers used to lie down in doubts and the followers of the truth used to face the troubles of various sorts. So the God Almighty determined them Accursed.

The news regarding Prophet-hood of the Messenger Allah Almighty, Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was revealed in the ancient Heavenly Books (Scriptures) of the children of Israel and the Christians, but when they saw that they would get worldly loss due to believing on the Prophet-hood of the last Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), their monopoly would end, they began to hide this Glad-tidings.

The God Almighty proclaimed about like these sinners that they will be thrown away from the Mercy of God Almighty as punishment and they will become target of cursing and taunting of the God Almighty’s other creature.

In this verse Allah Almighty has commanded that these accursed persons should not become hopeless entirely. Moreover if they abstain from bad habits and hiding the Truth, and “repent and amend make manifest (the truth). These it is toward whom I relent. And I am the Relenting, the Merciful”. Moreover they will come under the shadow of His Mercy. They will be entitled for His blessings and favors.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Death of Atheism

Verse –161 & 162 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


161.  Lo! Those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers; on them is the curse of Allah and of angels and of men combined.

162.  They will dwell therein for ever. The doom will not be lightened for them, neither will they be reprieved.

161.  ‘Innallaziina  kafaruu  wa  maatuu  wa hum  kuffaarun  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘alayhim  la’-natul-laahi  wal-‘malaaa-‘ikati  wan-naasi  ‘ajma-‘iin.


162.  Khaalidiina  fiihaa.  Laa  yukhaffafu  ‘anhumul-‘azaabu  wa  laa  hum  yunzaruun.     




In the previous verse it was commanded by the God Almighty that “those persons who will repent from their sins, evil doings and penitent on these sins, intend not to do so in future and amend make manifest (the truth), I shall forgive them, these are the persons towards whom I relent with Kindness and I shall bring them under the shadow of Mercy. And I am the Relenting, the Merciful”. The sinners and the evildoers were preached through this command and they were induced to become the Good. Those people are really the foreseeing who will get advantage from this concession.

Now in this verse it has been discussed about the persons who do not get advantage from this concession. Moreover they use to remain on the wrong due to bigotry and anger. The persons who adopted the manner of Infidelity and then dwelled on it for ever, they never bent towards the straight and the path of faith, always lived sinful and evildoing life and died in the same condition of infidelity; such persons are accursed of Allah, accursed of His Angels (peace be upon Them) and accursed of entire those people who have the power to curse. It means that they went away from the Mercy of God Almighty, blessing of the Angels (peace be upon Them) and kindness of the human beings. Moreover their punishment would be that they will remain into the Hell for ever, they will meet their doom constantly and continuously and they will never get time to escape themselves from the agony.

The teachings of Islam regarding forgiveness and punishment are infinite natural and fair. At one side the Islam has taught the manner of penitence that whenever the human being will feel the sense of sin, he should correct himself recognizing it then he will get forgiveness from the God Almighty. On the other hand it has been proclaimed that the person who will continue doing sins and evils, and does not shun from the infidelity and partnership with God Almighty, becoming prisoner he is forfeited from the Mercy of Allah Almighty.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

God Is One God

Verse –163 of 286, Section – 19 (Part 2)


Your God is One God; there is no God save Him, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Wa  ‘Ilaahukum  ‘Ilaahunw-Waahid.  Laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwar-Rahmaa-nur-Rahiim.      




The important question of Islam is the matter of Unity (Oneness of God Almighty). It has been repeated in the Holy Qur’an again and again. The root of the entire Faiths and base of all the good works establishes on this Belief that Lord of the whole mankind, Master of the Universe, Entitled of the Worship and Accountant for the Day of Resurrection is only One God. Only that person goes near the sins, evils and badness who neither believes on the Existence of the Most Superior and the Excellent Life of God Almighty and nor on His Power, Strength and on the Doomsday.

As the people of Scripture and Atheist nations had much depravity, barbarous-ness, dark notion and worshipping of whims, to remove this tendency Islam has presented the greatest Belief of Unity (Oneness of God) and told that there is only One God Almighty Who completes all the necessities of each human being. He is the God Almighty Who helps during the times of difficulties, troubles and pains, Who tests after granting the blessings and favors, Who provides the eatables and drinkables, and forgives the sins wit His Mercy.  So He is the Only One to be Worshiped, to be Called each time, to be deemed our Master and Lord. We should have sense about counting of our good and bad deeds and answerable in His Court on the Day of Resurrection.

There is the only one faith, which is the Unity (Oneness of God), which helps us to fix upon the straight path. We shall become thoughtful after obeying on this belief, anyhow we might not go astray from the actual path, and we might not treat others with bad behavior. As the God Almighty is the Merciful upon us, likewise we should also behave with mercy and kindness with His creature.

Particularly two matters have come in front of us from this verse:

  • Allah Almighty is the only Life to be worshipped, to be obeyed and our Commander in Chief. There is none to be bent in front except Him.
  • Kind nature with blessings of God Almighty is with whole Grace and Mercy. No doubt He is the Omnipotent and Very Powerful but His Mercy is containing over the entire things. The mankind should never be hopeless and desperate from His mercy.

Desiring the difficulties are how much bigger, contest is how much strong, if we are on the Just God Almighty shall help us. He will never return us disappointed from His Court.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Signs Of The God’s Sovereignty

Verse –164 of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the   difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) for people who have sense.

‘Inna fii khalqis-samaa-waati wal-‘arzi wakhtilaafil-layli wan-nahaari wal-fulkillatii tajrii fil-bahri bimaa yanfa-‘un-naasa wa maaa ‘anzalallaahu minas-samaaa-‘i mim-maaa-‘in- fa-‘ahyaa bihil-‘arza ba’-da mawtihaa wa bassa fiihaa min kulli daaabbah. Wa tas-riifir-riyaahi was-sahaabil-musakh-khari baynas-samaaa-‘i wal-‘arzi la-‘Aayaatil-li-qawminy-ya’-qiluun.




In this verse Allah Almighty explained uncountable signs of His power and sovereignty so that the mankind would think about it and admit His Deity and Highness.

Creation of the earth and skies, circulation of the day and night, floating of ships and the boats in the rivers and seas, raining from the sky, the dead land seems to be alive by the rains, wandering of animals on the earth, subduing of the airs and the clouds between the earth and the sky, if the entire these are not the Signs of Powers and Sovereignty of the God Almighty then what is this? But the people can think about it only those have sense. The nonsense doesn’t take lesson from anything.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Loving Rivals To The God Almighty

Verse –165a of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


And yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is the due) of Allah (only). And those who believe are stauncher in their love for Allah.

Wa  minannaasi  many-yattakhizu  min-  duunillaahi  ‘andaadany-yuhibbuunahum  ka- hubbillaah.  Wallaziina  ‘aa- manuuu  ‘ashaddu  hubbal-lillaah.




‘Andaadan – (similar, matching, opposite, converse) for instance love for Idols, statues or demi-gods etc or leaders, landlords, spiritual guides or any priest takes place in the heart opposite to the God Almighty and that love overcomes on the heart.

In the earlier verses the God Almighty has mentioned after telling about His Deity, Beneficence and Mercy that We have created the entire Universe for the necessities of the human beings, that is to say the earth, the skies, the day, the night, the boats, the rain, production of the earth, the cattle, the quadruped, the airs and clouds etc. the mankind gets advantage from these things, completes his needs and lives a comfortable life. He should be grateful to Allah Almighty after getting these blessings and favors.

Repentance! Some people forget the God Almighty instead of gratitude to Him. They place others in the position of God Almighty who bestowed them His blessings. They make them their worshiped, settle them His partners and expose their love and faith for them which was required to be kept only for the God Almighty. There is recitation regarding those people in this verse.

Some stupid and un-foreseeing people include idols, demi-gods and spiritual guides in partnership with the God Almighty and consider them powerful, that is to say the Christians do worship of the Jesus Christ and Mary (peace be upon them) along-with the God Almighty. The Japanese consider their king as from the dynasty of God “I seek refuge in ALLAH from Satan the outcast”.

Allah Almighty commanded that the real love should be only for Him Who is the Creator, the Master and the Worshiped. It is the sign of a perfect Believer that he would have kept the most beloved to the God Almighty; he should strengthen excessive love for Him (Allah Almighty) in his heart.

It has come in the Sayings of the Last Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) “The Believer is that who has friendship and enmity for the God Almighty. The person who is beloved of God Almighty and loves Him, he keeps him his friend, and with whom the God Almighty is angry, he considers him his enemy”.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Power Belongs Wholly To Allah

Verse –165b of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


Oh, that those who do evil had but known, (on the Day) when they behold the doom, that power belongeth wholly to Allah, and that Allah is Severe in punishment!

Wa  law  yarallaziina  zalamuuu  ‘iz  yarawnal-‘azaaba,  ‘annal-Quwwata  lillaahi  jamii-‘anw-wa-‘annal-llaaha  Shadiidul-‘azaab.




In the earlier verses after discussion about Oneness of God, Creator of the Universe and dignity of the Believers, Allah Almighty told about His Power and Strength, and commanded that the Infidels and Idolaters settle partnership with the God Almighty to the different things due to their foolishness, ignorance and un-foresightedness. They consider as these things will accede to their wishes, support them at the times of difficulties, give rewards or prizes to them as compensation of their worship and believe that these are masters of the powers.

Allah Almighty asserts in this verse, “Would that! The deniers of the truth and Idolaters would have seen the Doom which We shall descend upon them on the Doomsday. After seeing the doom they will say at once that all kinds of powers and strength, greatness, divinity and magnificence, power of choice and influence are only for Allah Almighty, no body can speak or boast in front of Him. Without Him no body can help or support anyone and every thing is humble opposite to Him.

On that Day neither the wealth/property of anyone will be useful for him, and nor his relatives and friends will help him. Each person will try to run away from his intimate brothers, sisters, mother, father, wife, children, friends and relatives so that he would not have to face their doom upon him. On the Day of Resurrection the Idolaters will forget their false worshiped and liar partners, and use to call “May God save us; forbid”.

During the worldly life various types of difficulties and tests descend on the human beings. Using the sense the person should deem that this all is from the God Almighty and he should bend in front of Allah Almighty getting lesson from these calamities.

In the sayings of the Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) this humility, indigence and helplessness has been told as penitence and begging mercy, and supplication as worship. The Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded, “‘Ad-Duaaw- mukh-khul  ‘ibaadah” (Supplication is the Brain of Worship).


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Helplessness Of The Idolators  

Verse –166 & 167 of 286, Section – 20 (Part 2)


166.  (On the Day) when those who were followed disown those who followed (them), and they behold the doom, and all their aims collapse with them.

167.  And those who were but followers will say: If a return were possible for us, we would disown them even as they have disowned us. Thus will Allah show them their own deeds as anguish for them. And they will not emerge from the Fire.

166.  ‘Iz tabarra-‘allazii-nattu-bi-‘uu  minallaziinat-taba-‘uu  wa  ra-‘a-wul-azaaba  wa  taqat-ta-‘at  bihimul-‘asbaab.




167.  Wa  qaalal-laziinat-taba-‘uu  law  ‘anna  lanaa  karratan-  fa-natabarra-‘a  minhum  kamaa  tabarra-‘uu  minnaa.  Kazaalika  yuriihimullaahu  ‘a’-maalahum  hasaraatin  ‘alayhim.   Wa  maa    hum-  bi-khaarijiina  minan-Naar.  




Allah Almighty has narrated a horrible and dreadful sight of the Doomsday. Would that the evildoer Idolaters might think, get it as warning and shun from the evildoings.

On that day the liar religious or spiritual guides who have compelled the common stupid people to follow them, will leave them who followed them and due to following them they had left the straight path. This time will be very frightful and dangerous for those stupid follower obedient disciples that their spiritual guides would have kept themselves aloof from them, means would have been cut, and the doom would be visible in front.

The stupid followers will say, “would that we may go once again back to the (previous) world and adopt displeasure likewise these wicked religious and spiritual guides disowned us but then it will not be possible. Their evil acts will be in front of them in the shape of an afflicted record and there will be no way to get rid of the Hell fire.

allazii-nattu-bi-‘uu – (who were followed) ‘It-tibaa’ is its infinitive mood which means to follow. It signifies towards the religious and spiritual guides who are followed.


al-laziinat-taba-‘uu – (who followed ) that is to say the followers, obedient and disciples of their liar religious and spiritual guides.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Lawful And Pure Food  

Verse –168 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2) 

O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! He is an open enemy for you.

Yaaa-‘ayyuhan-naasu  kuluu  mimmaa  fil-‘arzi  Halaalan-  tay-yibaa.  Wa  laa  tattabi-‘uu  khutuwaatish-Shay-taan.  ‘In-nahuu  lakum  ‘aduw-wum-mu-biin.




In this verse the God Almighty addressed the entire human beings and declared the difference between lawful and unlawful, and determined compulsory two conditions for the eatables and drinkable things:

  • It should be lawful
  • It should be pure and clean

Halaalun – the thing which is not forbidden by Allah Almighty to eat or drink that is called lawful according to the Divine’s law, and which has not been disliked or not fixed as unlawful, for example: water, vegetables, meat, pulses etc.

Tay-yiban – (pure, clean, fine, nice) those things which are lawful including pure and clean from filth and nastiness.

Applying two conditions by Islam in the food (lawful and pure) it has produced a very great excellence. Due to these principles each that thing which is not pure and clean, is dangerous or hurtful for the body and soul, or that has not gotten lawfully, to eat, drink or use of it is forbidden.

The Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) took too much care of pure, clean and lawful that those things smell of which usually take ill upon health, declared odious and their use before coming to the mosque has been prohibited by Him (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that it might not take ill on the nature of the devout associates.

The Arabs had declared some things unlawful of their own accords for instance the animals left loose in the name of idols and likewise some other foods. And also they began to use some forbidden things like mother’s milk. Islam forbade from it, accordingly there is a Saying of the Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), “The person whose meal is unlawful, clothes are unlawful and food is also unlawful, how his prayer might be accepted?”

Allah Almighty commanded that the people who don’t care about lawful, pure and clean, they follow the devil and the devil is the worst enemy of the human being. He will never be the well-wisher of the mankind.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Evil And The Fouls  

Verse –169 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and that ye should tell concerning Allah that which ye know not.

‘Innamaa  ya’-murukum-  bis-suuu-‘i  wal-fah-shaaa-‘i  wa  ‘an- taquuluu ‘alallaahi  maa  laa  ta’-lamuun. 




As-suuu-‘u – evil/bad thing (intellectually and legally)

Al-fah-shaaa-‘u – (foul, shamelessness and disliked due to morality and respect, the words fahash (indecent, frivolous) and faahishah (shameless, unchaste) have also been derived from it.

Two characteristics of the Satan (devil) have been mentioned in this verse:

1.   He teaches Always evil and fouls to the human being. The mankind should never hope for advantage/benefit from the devil but it is his nature that he is stained entirely in evil, filth, foul, depravity and impurity/pollution, and he wishes to keep stained the others too. He excites every time for any kind of wickedness, quarrel, sedition, mischief and bustle, and stands in the way of goodness. The entire those wishes and works which are fatal for human brotherhood and humanity itself, those all are entered in the evil and foul. To create a mischief in the safety and peace of society, to sow dissention between mutual brotherhood and fraternity, to extirpate the union and cooperation, not to complete the rights of the servants, it means that all the works due to which tumult spreads belong to mischievous and devil.

2.   The Devil induces the human beings to tell the people false, self invented by themselves talks and show that these are from the commands of the God Almighty, while Allah Almighty never orders for those things, but the followers of the devil do all that for getting casual advantages of frail things, worldly temptation and greediness of wealth.

This disease had become common in the scholars of the children of Israel. To deceive the public they tell the useful for them self invented talks and use to say that it was from the God Almighty. Resultantly the roots of their religion became hollow and they failed for future.

We should learn the lesson from this verse that we should neither take part in the evil and foul nor tell the public false and self invented matters because these both works belong to the Satan.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Thoughtless Follow Suit  

Verse –170 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance?

Wa  ‘izaa  qiila  lahumut-tabi-‘uu  maaa  ‘anzalal-laahu  qaaluu  bal  nattabi-‘u  maaa  ‘al-faynaa  ‘alayhi  ‘aabaaa-‘anaa.  ‘A-wa-law  kaana  ‘aabaaa-‘uhum  laa  ya’-qiluuna  shay-‘anw-wa  laa yahta-duun.




It has been mentioned in this verse about a habit of the illusion pro/whimsical that is to say whenever they are commanded to do worship for God Almighty, follow His orders and rules in each part of the life, earn and spend the wealth and property according to His instructions, act upon the Divine law of religion in the affairs, business, money dealings, buying and selling, marriage/wedding festivities, divorce, in these cases they reply, “We shall respect only the customs of our elders, forefathers and traditions of our dynasty. We shall go on that path on which we have seen our elders and superiors”. As though these people have faith on the customs of their elders leaving the orders and instructions of the God Almighty, they consider prior their customs and traditions and give importance and force more than the Divine law of the God Almighty.

Allah Almighty commands that these people follow indiscriminate their elders, while it is possible that their forefathers have not any intelligence and wisdom. They would be going astray in the depravity. They would have totally fallen back from the straight path. So following blind their likewise forefathers these people will fall compulsorily in the destruction and ruin.

Our Wise Doctor and famous Poet of the East Muhammad Iqbal has mentioned the concept in the exaggerated view as under:

‘Aa-iini naw si darnaa,  tarzi kuhun pe arhna

Manzil yahi kathan hai qawmon ki zindgi men

(To fear from the new constitution, to stop on the old form

It is the difficult stage in the existence of the nations


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Likeness Of Disbelievers Of The Messenger

(May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)  

Verse –171 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


The likeness of those who disbelieve (in relation to the Messenger) is as the likeness of one who calleth unto that which heareth naught except a shout and cry. Deaf, dumb, blind, therefore they have no sense.

Wa  masalullaziina  kafaruu  kamasalillazi yan-‘iqu  bimaa laa  yasma-‘u  ‘illaa  du-‘aaa-‘anw-wa  nidaaa-‘aa.  Summum-  buk-mun  ‘umyun-  fa-hum  laa  ya’- qiluun.  




In this verse likeness of the disbelievers is being discussed that they are like the animals which are called by their shepherd. The animal listens to his voice surely but does not understand anything. Desiring the shepherd would be singing the sweet songs or abusing them. The animal does not understand except considering it as cry and scream. In this verse the ‘Caller’ signifies towards the Messenger of God Almighty (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and the Infidels have been illustrated by a simile of animals. Surely these people hear the invitation of the Prophet of God Almighty (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) but they do not think and care about it that what is hidden in this sound for them and what they have to do answering this voice.

The persons who do not embrace the invitation of the truth are like deaf that the voice of Just enters into their ears but does not affect on their hearts. They show a listened talk as un-listened. They are dumb as they listen and understand the Right but do not recognize it with their tongues. If their hearts agreed to it even then they do not embrace and don’t convey the message of justice up to the other people. They are blind as they do not look the straight path. In spite of having eyes they are unable to see something. If the use of these powers is not for the justice and these are not used in the right path then existence of these things is equal to non existence. Because which Life (God Almighty) has bestowed the powers to the human being, if these things do not work according to His Instructions, do not show the mankind the Path of Real Master Almighty and do not tell the method to meet Him then there is no advantage of their existence.

For example a person has any eatable but he does not bring it in use then it will be said that he has nothing to eat. Or any person has heap amount but he doesn’t spend it, moreover he keeps it holding and counting up then only it will be said that this wealth is equal to nothing. The same condition is of the Infidels that they have ears, tongues and eyes but they do not use these things as these are required to be used.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Forbidden Foods   

Verse –172 & 173a of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


172.  O ye who believe! Eat of the good things which We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship.

173a. He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swine-flesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah.

172.  Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  kuluu min-  tayyibaati  maa  razaqnaakum  washkuruu  lillaahi  in-kuntum  ‘iyyaahu  ta’- buduun.


173a.  ‘Innamaa  harrama  ‘alay-kumul-  may-tata  waddama  wa lahmal-khin-ziiri  wa  maaa ‘u-hilla  bihii  li-gayrillaah.




Allah Almighty has reminded again His blessings in this verse and commanded that He has created uncounted pure and fine things. The human being should not restrict himself from them and eat them without hesitation. It is the demand of the real worship of God Almighty that the human being should enjoy His blessings and favors. The mankind should gratitude to the God Almighty and should not get joined any partner of Him.

Then some forbidden things are being mentioned here:

‘Al-may-tatu – (carrion, dead animal) that is to say the animal which dies itself or killed but not slaughtered according to the Divine. Like this if any piece of meat has been cut from the body of living animal that also will be counted as impure. There are only two animals like which are legal without slaughtering them i.e. Fish and Locust.

In addition to the carrion – blood, and swine-flesh, and that animals which have been immolated to (the name of) any other than God Almighty are included in the forbidden things.

Lahmal-khin-ziiri – (swine flesh) it has clearly mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that hog, pig, boar, swine-flesh and its bacon is forbidden. From the investigations it has been proved that this animal is the most shameless and immodest animal and its flesh has a lot of moral and physical bad effects. The nations which eat the swine-flesh are its live proof.   


 Maaa ‘u-hilla  bihii  li-gayrillaah – (which has been immolated to (the name of) any other than the God Almighty) namely the animal which is slaughtered or altered on the name other than Allah Almighty. Literal meanings of ‘U-hilla is to elevate the voice and call aloud.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Forms Of Compulsion   

Verse –173b of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

Fa-maniz-turra  gayra  baaginw-wa  laa  ‘aadin- falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  ‘Innallaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.




‘az-turra – (who is driven by necessity) the word ‘iz-ta-raarun is its infinitive mood. Zaruu-rat has come out from its matter. Zaruu-rat means necessity. It signifies that if it has become compulsory for the human being and it will not be possible for him to remain alive then under this compulsion form he is allowed to eat unlawful/forbidden food at the very least quantity of which is permissible only so that he may live. For instance food is not attainable and there is nothing except forbidden thing or due to poverty lawful food can not be obtained or the use of forbidden thing is necessary for any disease on the advice of a skillful doctor. Due to these conditions the forbidden things are permitted to be used in as minimum quantity as it is necessary to save one’s life.

Gayra  baagin – ( not to disobey, not to crave, to execute the command) gayra  baagin  means that the person who eats the forbidden food, his intention or will should not be to crave or break the law. He wishes only to save his life because to save the life is also His (God Almighty) command.

laa  ‘aadin – (not to transgress) that is to say the person should not be deviator, sinner of crossing the limitations of Divine. If he has to eat under compulsion form, he should not take much, he should eat only that quantity with which he may save his life.

Gafuur – (Forgiving) that is to say so Forgiver and Merciful that some times He doesn’t punish on our sins, moreover also the sins are not left by Him (the God Almighty, for example whenever we use the forbidden thing in any situation of compulsion He doesn’t bind and does not punish us.

Allah Almighty has done lawful in some cases to the forbidden things using His excellent Mercy and kindness. But there is condition for it that the human being has been compelled due to any reason as it would have become impossible for saving his life and secondly he should not use the forbidden item to get taste but only too less quantity that he may save his life only because saving the life is duty.

In the situation of compulsion it is sin also not to eat these things because to save the life is first duty. Like these situations it is equal to suicide and it is clear that the act of suicide is forbidden.

We should abstain totally from the forbidden things and whenever it becomes compulsory for us to use them then we should keep the intention good and use at the very least quantity.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Punishment For Bad Scholars Of The Religions   

Verse –174 of 286, Section – 21 (Part 2)


Lo! Those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah hath revealed and purchase a small gain therewith, they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire. And Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow. And theirs will be a painful doom.

‘Innallaziina  yaktumuuna maaa ‘anzalallaahu  minal-Kitaabi  wa  yashtaruuna  bihii  samanan-qaliilan,  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  maa ya’-kuluuna  fii  butuuni-him  illan-Naara  wa  laa  yukal-limu-humullaahu  Yawmal-Qi-yaamati  wa  laa yuzakkiihim.  Wa  lahum  ‘azaabun  ‘aliim.




Samanan-qaliilan – (a small gain) the worldly gains desiring are a lot comparatively to the gains and rewards of the Doomsday even then these are very lesser and unreal. This is the actual meaning of samanan-qaliilan.

God Almighty had also included the orders and instructions regarding lawful and forbidden things in the Divine’s laws of the children of Israel so that the nation may recognize the straight path. But out of that nation a group of persons monopolized the religion and this group was considered as the scholars of the religion and monks. They began to explain and comment on the Scriptures revealed heavenly. Then due to worldly temptation they used to tell the people the points which favored them and purchased a small gain therewith explaining topsy-turvy and exchanging according to the will of people. Hence the purpose of the commands died. So like this class of scholars went astray as well as they misled also the other persons.

In this verse their punishment is being mentioned that due to this crime they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire as if the poison has been mixed in a very delicious food, such then apparently that food will be much tasty but after reaching into the belly it will ignite. Like this these persons are ruining hereinafter due to worldly greed. Although apparently they are passing their lives with pump and show, and comfortably, the people respect them but in fact their end will be much horrible.

Now three more punishments are being narrated for those persons in this verse:

  • Allah Almighty will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection. So these bad scholars will be kept deprived from the Mercy and Kindness of the God Almighty. The Creator of the universe and Master of the Doomsday will turn His face from them. It will be deprivation from His Mercy and declaration of His anger.
  • They would never be pure from the sins. Due to their sins God Almighty will put them into the Hell. Purification and correction will never be obtainable by them. The God Almighty will forgive some other evildoers after punishment with His Mercy and purify them. But these bad scholars will remain always in the Fire for burning. Neither their sins will fall off nor they will become pure and nor they might enter the Paradise.
  • Horrible doom will be for them not only physically but also mentally and spiritually, and they will never get rid of this trouble. May God Almighty save us from that Doom.

It is known from this verse that how a great crime is to hide the Just, not to disclose the Truth, to interpret false of the true talks and expose wrongfully the Orders of the God Almighty, which has too many punishments. It is so big sin because due to this sin the entire nation goes to ruin and falls into the dark well of stray leaving the straight path. If on the one side speaking the truth and fearlessness are superior virtues then on the other side hypocrisy and hiding the truth are the worst moral crimes, and the Messenger (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) of God Almighty has explained to speak the truth in front of cruel ruler is Jihad (to try and strive).




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Business Of Loss   

Verse –175 & 176 of 286, Section – 22 (Part One-Fourth of 2)


175.  Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. How constant are they in their strife to reach the Fire!

176.  That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with the truth. And those who find (a cause of) disagreement in the Scripture are in open schism.

175.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtara-wuz-zalaalata  bil-hudaa  wal-‘azaaba  bil-magfirah.  Famaaa ‘asbarahum  ‘alan-Naar.


176.  Zaalika  bi-‘annallaaha  nazzalal-Kitaaba  bil-Haqq.  Wa  ‘innallazii-nakhtalafuu  fil-kitaabi  lafii shiqaaqim-  ba-‘iid.




The persons, who hide the truth and sell the religion for a few coins, reality of their business has been mentioned in this verse. They personally deem that they have united the wealth selling the Truth earned the world, collected the goods of pleasure and did very good business. But the Holy Qur’an describes that in fact they have lost every thing in this business, they have purchased error at the price of guidance, forgot the straight path and chose the cured way, became refugee in dark leaving the Light, liked depravity instead of Faith, this world instead of the Day of Resurrection, and torment at the price of pardon. Which business will be more harmful and injurious than it? Those people achieved casual gains and did not care for that comfortable life which will be for ever.

It is a very big sin to hide the true speech, to color false to the commands of the God Almighty, to deal in selling the Right, and punishment of this crime is very much painful. We should learn from the misdeeds of the children of Israel so that we may save ourselves from these sins/evildoing.

Why did this all happen? Hence the God Almighty revealed the Right/Just but they opposed it. If there would be any lawful reason then it were right, but they did not believe the Truth due to only opposite and religious persecution. They prepared to contradict for enmity and opposed instead of cooperation. They supposed racial and family inheritance also to the religion. They went against the last Messenger (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) of God Almighty only due to the reason that He (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was out of the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) and was not out of the children of Prophet Israel (peace be upon Him), although they were the children of the same Grandfather the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Good Beliefs – Fundamental Righteousness     

Verse –177a  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the Prophets;

Laysal-birra ‘an-  tuwalluu  wujuuhakum  qibalal-Mashriqi  wal-Magribi  wa laakinnal-birra  man  ‘aama-na  billaahi  wal-  Yawmil-‘Akhiri  wal-  malaaa—ikati  wal-Kitaabi  wan-nabiyyiin.




al-birra – (Righteousness) it has vast meanings in Arabic language. Each kind of righteousness comes in the comprehension of this word.

al-Mashriqu – (the East, from which direction the sun rises). Many eastern nations have used to worship the Sun believing as god, and because it rises from the east so uneducated nations took it as a sacred direction. The Holy Qur’an stroke this thought severely and told that it is not the righteousness and obedience to take only some direction as sacred. Completion of the righteousness exists only with good beliefs and true deeds.

al-  malaaa—‘ikatu – (the Angels) (peace be upon them) to admit the existence of that bright creature which keeps doing the works commanded by Allah Almighty, it is necessary to believe them (peace be upon them).

al-Kitaabu – (the Scripture) means all the Heavenly Scriptures. It is also necessary to believe all of them.

an-nabiyyiinu – it signifies towards the entire Prophets (peace be upon them) who came in this world time and time again for guidance of the human beings from the God Almighty. It is necessary too to believe all of them.

When the children of Israel heard the proclamation through Holy Qur’an about censure of partnership with God Almighty and punishment of infidelity, they shivered with terror and replied by saying that we do worship confronting Bait-ul-Muqaddas (Jerusalem). So we even follow the Heavenly Scripture. Why the Doom would be revealed upon us? In this verse it has been replied to their stubbornness.

This verse is one of the most important verses. There is given comprehensive concept of the righteousness that the virtue is not only the name of mere devotion and worship, and it is not also the name of worship turning towards any particular direction. Moreover near to Islam the righteousness grows correcting the both, the faith and the action. It has equal importance for belief, affairs, prayers, morality, behavior, sincerity and sacrifice (all).


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Fair Affairs – Real Righteousness    

Verse –177b  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And give away wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free;

Wa  ‘aatal-maala  ‘alaa  hubbihii  zawil-qurbaa  wal-yataamaa  wal-ma-saakiina  wabnas-sabiili,was-saaa-‘iliina  wa fir-riqaab.




‘Alaa  hubbihii –  (for love of Him) means for the love of Allah Almighty. It is known from this that only spending the money is not required but the purpose should be to spend in the path of God Almighty for the sake of Him. It has also been gotten from it that, “while the person has love for the wealth and he needs it also, and even then he spends the money”. From this we have also learnt the excellence of a strong believer that he has love for money in his heart, his wishes are alive, he wants to spend for his person and his pleasant charming things but he stoops his neck in front of the orders of Allah Almighty and stopping his wishes he spends for His sake, and sacrifices his personal affection upon the order of Allah Almighty.

zawil-qurbaa (relatives) there is a great wisdom hidden in supporting the relatives to provide them financial help. The Economic System of the entire Nation has been established on it. Every well-to-do person should look after at first his poor relatives, family members, brothers, sisters, brother’s sons, sister’s sons (nephews) and other relatives.

 fir-riqaab (to set slaves free) this is plural of Raqabah. Its literal meaning is neck. In usage it signifies towards the people who aren’t free and are ‘slaves’. From this order it means that by compensating to free them is righteousness.

It was commanded in the first part of this verse that the righteousness is not the name only to turn the face for worship towards any special direction but for becoming the Good first condition is to correct the beliefs and completion of the faith. Now other part of the righteousness is being discussed as financial sacrifice. It is commanded that “it is true that the human being has love for the wealth and property but the good person is he, who having love for money, spends it upon others for the sake and love of
God Almighty. Out of the needy and helpless deserving people first come near relatives, then the orphans, the poor, the wayfarer, the beggar, and the compelled and slaves who are deprived of freedom.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Proper Worship & Poor-due – Real Righteousness    

Verse –177c  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And observe proper worship and pay the poor-due.

Wa  ‘aqaamas-Salaata  wa ‘aataz-Zakaah.




It has been being mentioned for the last two lessons that real and true soul of the righteousness is not that a person observes worship considering any direction sacred and turning his face towards that direction. Moreover the real soul of the righteousness is to correct the beliefs, fair deals, to observe proper worships, to correct the manners and to do the works which have been explained in the Holy Qur’an that is to say the beliefs of the persons should be those for which the Holy Qur’an demands and the person should behave with other people as the Divine’s law guides.

After the faiths and the financial sacrifice the Holy Qur’an has discussed about the other part that is observing proper worship. Out of the acts of worship the greatest worship is physical and financial sacrifice. In the shape of physical worship it is offering the prayer and for the financial worship it is to pay the poor-due. Many excellences of the prayer have been explained in the Holy Qur’an itself on different places as well as it can also be found in a lot of Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

The Prayer has an important part in the Islamic society. The Prayer stops the human being from the evil and indecency, and keeps away from disobedience. The Prayer is ascension of the Believer. It strengthens the spiritual, moral and social life of the person.


In the financial worships paying the poor-due is the most basic worship. It is obligation on every well-to-do person that he should pay 2.5% out of his wealth once a year to the needy people in the path of Allah Almighty. This Zakah (poor-due) fixed by the Holy Qur’an is so much necessary and useful that if the Muslims pay it regularly then none out of the nation may starve to death. The situation of suicide can not arise due to poverty and unemployment. No body can wander from door to door for begging. Displacement, poverty, helplessness and bad situation will not remain in our society, the entire nation will become strong collectively, peace will increase and the doors will open for development.

Discussion about observing proper worship and paying the poor-due has come in the Holy Qur’an nearly together on each place. If those verses are collected in which the matters and orders about the prayer and Zakah are discussed then its collective quantity is about more than three hundred. It appears that how much important and great are these both obligations in Islam. Without observing proper worship and paying the poor-due regularly it is difficult to think about the Islamic society, though the Muslims who don’t perform this duty about them it is thought as adulterers and deniers, and out of the circle of Islam.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Keeping The Treaty – Genuine Righteousness    

Verse –177d  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And those who keep their treaty when they make one,

Wal-muufuuna  bi-‘ahdihim  izaa   ‘aahaduu,




After discussion about the faiths, affairs and worships now the topic regarding morality, manners and courtesy begins. The most excellent basic characteristic of the human being (to have a good moral character) is that he must keep his treaty, promise and agreement completely when he makes it with any other person. It is very necessary to keep the treaty for his personal life and for those persons with whom he concerns.

There are many forms of the treaty for example; the mankind makes treaty with his Lord Almighty or with the other persons. In our daily lives we have to make a lot of promises and agreements with the God Almighty, brethren, relatives and common people. In other words the treaties mean those responsibilities to which we make necessary upon ourselves to be completed strictly. For instance the God Almighty has taken covenant from us that as He is our Creator and Worshipped so we shall worship only of Him. At the time of trouble/necessity we shall pray only to Him. We shall believe as He is the One (God) and the Authority. Now it is our responsibility not to become the promise breaker.

Likewise we have promised with our brethren that we shall try our best to serve and obey the elders, educate and bring up our children, and correct our deeds. We shall help financially our dears and relatives. We have kept agreement with the common people that we shall perceive, help and care the orphan, the needy, the poor, the wayfarer, the beggar, and the compelled and slaves who are deprived of freedom. Now we should perform completely our responsibilities and not to behave carelessness from them.

Besides this it is also our responsibility that which task has been given in our charge or where we are serving, we should work honestly in exchange of the salary and wages which we get from the employer. It appeared that we have made any covenant in our practical lives with any person out of the countless human beings; we have lifted a very heavy bale of responsibilities over our heads. It is compulsory to complete our all responsibilities and engage ourselves with full honesty and excellent manners.

Today maximum people have become low in this matter. They do not care for the respect of their treaty in both the forms i.e. individually as well as collectively, and do not take the promise as a promise. It has reached the limit that national and countrywide treaties also remain firm till the time to avail against. As soon as anyone gets power, all the written treaties are broken.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Patience And Firmness – Actual Righteousness    

Verse –177e  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of stress. Such are they who are sincere. And such are the God-fearing.

Was-Saabiriina  fil-ba’saaa-‘i  waz-zarraaa-‘i  wa  hiinal-ba’s.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallaziina  sadaquu.  Wa  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul-Mutta-quun.




ba’saaa-‘un – (tribulation) it actually relates to the financial miseries.

Az-zarraaa-‘un – ((adversity) it belongs to physical diseases and distresses.

Hiinal-ba’s – (at the time of stress) that is to say during the war in the path of God Almighty.   


Saabiriina – (patients, full of patience) the persons who have capacity of bearing pains, inconvenience, etc., without complaining.

The Holy Qur’an has guided for interpretation of human manners, morality and courtesy, and commanded that these characteristics should be present in the person who has a good moral character. He should keep treaty made by him, accomplish his responsibilities with extremely good manner, pay special attention on the Rights of the God Almighty and the Rights of the devotees/mankind, and during the time of financial distresses, physical diseases and war against the enemies of God Almighty should bear with patience, perseverance and firmness.

In the practical life the human beings have to face different types of troubles, distress, pains and difficulties. Unemployment, adversity, economical misery, starvation and poverty, and likewise all other confusions use to tease the human being every day. The problems of the children’s education and bringing up them, the matters of their marriages and so like other difficult necessities vex him and he use to try and think about these matters day and night. Besides this diseases of various sorts and bodily pains use to besiege him as if today he is ill himself, tomorrow would be laying his any other family member on the bed, their treatment, medicines and cure become his other causes of confusion.

Then danger of enemy, fear of waging the war, possibility of destruction, depravity and ruin, risk of bustle and disorder, these all things keep the human being confused.

This verse ends here in which the Islamic concept of the righteousness has been presented. The persons, who keep the correct belief, sacrifice their property, observe proper worship and pay the poor-due regularly, keep the treaty, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and during the time of stress. Such people are they who are sincere. And such persons are true human beings, the Believers and the God-fearing.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Murder – Retaliation Of The Murder    

Verse –178a  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female.

Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-  manuu kutiba  ‘alaykumul-Qisaasu  fil-qatlaa.  ‘Al-hurru  bil-hurri  wal-‘abdu  bil-‘abdi  wal-‘unsaa  bil-‘unsaa.




Qatlaa – (the murdered persons) particularly those persons who are killed intentionally and purposely by someone.

Qisaasun – (Retaliation) that is to say for taking the revenge against any crime keeping it in equality/balance. According to the Divine’s Law technically the murderer will be killed or if any body has injured to some other person, he will be punished with the wound at the same scale and at the same part of the body.

Kutiba  ‘alaykum – (prescribed for you) the literal meaning of the word kutiba is ‘written’. Due to use of the word ‘alaa with it, now it means ‘prescribed’ and ‘obliged to do under regulations’.

During the times of darkness before Islam it was custom in the Arabians that if a person from any higher family was killed then they used to kill many persons from the family of murderer. If any slave was killed from the higher family, they used to kill any freeman from the family of killer desiring the killer would also be a slave because they considered the respect of higher family’s slave was equal to the freeman of a lower family; also it was more than that. So instead of killing the slave any freeman was to be murdered as revenge. Then if any female was killed out of the higher family by a female from the lower family, the heirs of the murdered female used to kill any male of that lower family leaving the murderer female. Because they thought that their female was equal to the male of lower family.

The Holy Qur’an finished this racial distinction and difference, and commanded that being the human beings all the persons are equal, their lives are alike, either any person is rich or poor, noble or mean, scholar or illiterate, young or old, healthy or ailing. If any female kills any male then only that woman should be killed. Because her life is equal to that male’s life. If any slave is the killer then only he will be murdered. If any mean person has murdered then in the retaliation that mean person will be killed only, not any other person.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

According To Usage & Kindness –

Retaliation Of The Murder    

Verse –178b  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And for him who is forgiven somewhat by his the (victims heir’s injured) brother, prosecution according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord, He who transgresseth after this will have a painful doom.

Faman ‘ufi-ya  lahuu  min  ‘akhiihi  shay-‘un-  fattibaa-‘um-bil-ma’-ruufi  wa  ‘adaaa-‘un  ‘ilayhi  bi-‘ihsaan.  Zaalika  takhfiifum-mir-Rabbikum  wa  rahmah.  Fama-ni’-tadaa ba’-da zaalika  fala-huu  ’azaabun  ‘aliim. 




Min  ‘akhiihi – (by his brother) it signifies towards the heir of the murdered. To excite the feeling of love he has been addressed with the word ‘brother’.

Ittibaa-‘um-bil-ma’-ruufi – (prosecution according to usage) its purpose is that if the heirs of the murdered forgive the retaliation of the murder, and agree to take the price of blood then it is the responsibility of the murderer to pay according to usage full reasonable payment with kindness, mercy and righteousness.

We have discussed in the previous lesson that which principle of the natural equation between the entire human beings has been fixed by the God Almighty that is “murder is in retaliation to the murder”. Now it is being commanded that the heirs of the murdered can forgive to the killer or they can give up after getting the blood money from the killer or they can also lessen some of the price of blood. The killer can escape from the punishment of ‘to be killed’ in these conditions.

Then it is ordered that if the heirs of the murdered agree to forgive the murderer and take the blood money then they should not demand too much heavy amount which would be out of the reach of the killer. They should not narrow him intentionally coming into anger or they should not begin to demand the entire blood money after forgiving the price of blood. Moreover they should receive proper and reasonable amount according to usage.

After urging the heirs of the murdered now the killer is being emphasized that he should also remit this amount very elegantly and beautifully. He should not try to prolong purposely, to grow intricacy or displeasure. The God Almighty has imposed perfect physical punishment of murder to the killer along with this method of reduction in punishment. Allah Almighty is the Merciful upon the mankind. With His Kindness He has reduced the punishment but if even then any person opposes or disobeys these laws and steps out of these limitations then The God Almighty will punish him painful.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Life Is In The Retaliation Of Murder    

Verse –179  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).

Wa  lakum  fil-Qisaasi  Ha-yaatuny-yaaa-‘ulil-‘albaabi  la-‘allakum  tattaquun.




Apparently it seems that punishment to kill the murderer as retaliation of murder is much heavy and strict, and it is thought that punishing the killer another life is destroyed intentionally. But if it is checked deeply an account about this command’s advisability and philosophy then this fact will be cleared that with it another life is not ruined but the life is gotten.

For example if the punishment of the murder is not fixed murder as retaliation then resultantly value of the human life would not remain. The cruel persons will murder fearless and without hesitation. Because they will know that they will be free after paying some penalty or bearing some imprisonment. Like this the human life will become much cheaper as it was present in the Arab practically during the time of illiteracy.

If the punishment of the murder isn’t murder, every wealthy person will kill the others on also customary matters and paying the penalty, he could be got free himself. But if according to the Islamic method the punishment of murder is fixed as murder means that the lives of all human beings are given equal respect, value of any life is fixed as the life of murderer then quantity of the murders will become very less, because they will know that if any one is killed by them, they won’t be able to get free paying the penalty. And he will be sentenced for the murder. In these situations the incidents of killing will stop and the people will find themselves safe. Though if the punishment of murder is not killing, the lives of the people will be destroyed but while the punishment of killing is killing, the lives of people are safe. This is  fil-Qisaasi  Ha-yaatun (there is life in the retaliation).

The Law of murder in retaliation is the law of justice and equality. It is the best guarantor of discipline, truthfulness and moderateness in all aspects of human life. So that none may tyrannize any other person and the rights of weak and strong become equal. While this law will be followed for some times, its soul will grow in the whole nation and the constitutionalism will become important part of life for mutual national peace.

Islam has fixed apparently severe punishments for the crimes but looking carefully, in fact those crimes deserve even more severe punishments. Less punishment will be cause to make the crime minor. Secondly purpose to punish severely is to stop the crimes not to make the punishment only a funny and enjoyable thing. Now a day this very is happening that the punished criminals commit more crimes. Neither they are corrected, nor do others take it as warning


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Testament For Property    

Verse –180  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)



It is prescribed for you, when death approacheth one of you, if he leaves wealth, that he should bequeath unto parents and near relatives in kindness. (This is) a duty for all those ward off (evil).

Kutiba  ‘alaykum  ‘izaa  hazara

‘ahadakumul-mawtu  ‘in-  taraka  khay-ranil-wasiyyatu  lil-waalidayni  wal-‘aqrabiina  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haqqan  ‘alal-Muttaqiin. 




Khay-ra – (Wealth) the meanings of this word are betterment, welfare and deliverance. It is also used for pure wealth in the Holy Qur’an.

‘Al-wasiyyatu – (Bequeath, testament, making a will) its literal meaning are ‘to order’ and ‘to request’. According to the Divines law it means ‘those instructions which are arranged to make (a will) by the person who is at the death’s door for his/her followers/heirs, which are completed after his/her death. The religious scholars have mentioned many kinds of ‘Testaments’:

1.   Some testaments are proper (Waajib) for example paying the poor-due, security safeguard (trust) or the will to return the loans which is extreme necessary and duty to be completed.

2.   Some wills are Mustahib, likewise to bequeath for any good work or to give something to any that relative who can not get any part of hereditary/inheritance according to the Laws of Will.

3.   Some are only Mubaah that is to say to bequeath for any legal issue.

4.  Some are those which are forbidden to be completed as per the commands of the Holy Qur’an as if any body bequeaths for any unlawful deed which is prohibited to be done.

5.   Some Wills are called Maw-quuf. It is necessary to regard some limitations for this type of Will to be accomplished, for instance if any person bequeaths for more than one third (1/3) part of his property. Its execution depends upon dismissal of the other heirs. Some questions have been mentioned in the coming next verses about the matters of bequeathing. If we keep them also in front then all the matters will be solved.

There were Islamic commands mentioned in the previous verses regarding murder. Now instructions about the property/wealth of the dead are being discussed. On another place in the Holy Qur’an the shares of all the heirs and the rightful have been fixed. So the testament will be examined in the light of those shares. However it may be bequeathed out of the third part of the property.

Bil-ma’-ruuf  – (According to usage) this word has already used earlier. ‘Urf is its matter, that is to say the known matter like this, usually that would be considered as righteousness and betterment. So its one translation may be ‘according to the customs’. Fixing its condition in the Will all those badness have been stopped which a bequeathed could do due to being biased or displeasure that he might give someone more than his right and the other’s right might be lost.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Change In The Will    

Verse –181 & 182  of 286, Section – 22 (Part  – 2)


181.  Then whoso changeth (the will) after he hath heard it-the sin thereof is only upon those who change it. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Knower.

182.  But he who feareth from a testator some unjust or sinful clause, and maketh peace between the parties, (it shall be) no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

181.  Famam-baddalahuu  ba’-da  maa  sami-‘ahuu  fa-‘innamaaa  ‘is-muhuu  ‘alallaziina  yubad-diluunah.  ‘Innallaaha  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.


182.  Faman khaafa  mim-muusin-janafan  ‘aw  ‘isman-  fa-‘as-laha  baynahum  falaaa ‘isma  ‘alayh.  ‘Innallaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.




In this verse those persons have been warned who were present near the person who was at the death’s door at the time of bequeath, that if they will make any changes in the Will of the person who has died, then its sin will be upon them. It is possible that some people may try to make changes in the Will for their own benefits and then producing the changed Will may complete their wishes. The ignorant persons who don’t know the facts will apparently consider it error of the person who has bequeathed or the person who commanded decision on the Will that he has disinherited to a rightful person. This verse has cleared the compulsion of the both persons i.e. the person who has bequeathed or the person who commanded decision on the Will. And it has been told that the real criminals are those persons who have given false evidence and wrong testimony, and changed the testament (Will), gave the wrong statements and provided liar proofs.

To change the Will there is only one form mentioned lawful according to this verse that if any person feels that the testator has disinherited someone    unjust or sinful, and the bequest has been distributed unlawfully, guided against the Law of Lord Almighty or bequeathed with sin and unjust, for instance he has bequeathed to spend the property for the purpose which is legally forbidden, now in these forms the witness and the judge are allowed to advice the heirs correctly, make peace between the parties, and get the Will be changed.

It shall not be sin for them. So it is found that the real thing is the righteousness and act of sincerity.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prescription Of The Fasting    

Verse –183  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may ward off (evil)-

Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aamanuu  kutiba  ‘alay-kumus-Siyaamu  kamaa kutiba  ‘alallaziina  min-qablikum  la-‘alla-kum  tatta-quun.




‘As-Siyaamu – (act of Fasting, abstain from food and drink for a particular time) like Sawm (Fast) it has also infinitive mood. As per Divine’s law of religion act of Fasting means to abstain from drinking, eating and sexual friendship or enjoyment with effect from the dawn to sunset.

Fasting is prescribed for the Muslims during the month of Rama-zaan. In the Sayings of the Holy Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) it has been emphasized again and again to escape from the sins at the time the fast is kept, that is to say back biting, indecent talks, shamelessness, bad tempering etc.

It has been mentioned in the physiology that the best treatment to remove the physical diseases is Fasting. In addition to it self control and military life grows in the human being. As though, the Fasting is spiritual remedy on one side, and to correct the physical powers and to cure the diseases on the other side.

‘Alallaziina  min-qablikum – (the people before you) the The Fasting has been found in each religion and nation of the world in any shape. It had very special importance in the Divine’s law of the religions of Prophets Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets (peace be upon them). So signifying towards the ancestors the God Almighty commanded that ‘Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you’. Intention is that the person who keeps the Fast should abstain to complete his lawful and physical wishes till a particular time.

La-‘alla-kum  tatta-quun – (so that you may ward off (evil)). The God Almighty has also commanded even about the purpose of Fasting that is to say the Fasting is hence prescribed, so that the filth and dirt of the spirit may be removed, the fear of God and abstinence is grown. As physical health becomes fit due to abstinence from the use of harmful things likewise the spiritual ability of the human being develops due to abstinence from all the injurious to spirit and morality habits. This characteristic is called ‘Fear of God’ and piety. Second purpose of the Fast as mentioned in this Section is gratefulness which will be discussed later in the forthcoming verses.

The Fasting is the best useful recipe for health and spirit, individually as well as collectively. We should perform this duty extremely with honor and punctuality. Apparently there is much labour and difficulty in Fasting but if we see its advantages then we shall feel that these difficulties have no position comparing to its benefits.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Concession For Sick And Passenger     

Verse –184a  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


(Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number on other days;

‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudaat.  Faman-  kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa safarin-  fa-‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaamin  ‘ukhar.




‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudaat – (a certain number of days) it has been mentioned in this part of the verse that the Muslims would have to keep the Fast for a certain number of days for example the month of Ramadan during each year, some times which have 29 days ands some times 30 days.

Fixation of this length of time was very necessary for organization of the nation so that no body may change the quantity of the days for keeping or leaving the Fast according to his will. Moreover the Fasting is prescribed for the entire Believers that they all should keep the Fast on the same particular time and for the same particular duration to perform this blessed prescription. One advantage of the month of Ramadan is also that fasts come in different seasons and every person gets chance of fasting in the summer and the winter.

One aspect comes out of it that number of prescribed fasts is not to much long. It neither is that the fasting be kept for the entire year and nor for half or one forth of the year but only one month is prescribed in a year.

Time and duration was determined. But some concession was given to the people, who can not fulfill its limitations and conditions. Whenever these people get rid of their compulsions, they can keep fasting left of the month of Ramadan during any other month.

First of all the persons have been exempted who are ill and unable to keep the Fast due to their illness. There are different aspects of the illness. Moreover besides this the difference of seasons and age also effects. Here the illness aims which creates problem to keep fasting and that illness would be too much severe that the person can not keep the fast. Divine’s law of religion didn’t tell the name of illness but it has been left on the sincerity and truthfulness of the Muslims and on the opinion of a skillful doctor.

Besides the patients, the travelers have also been given concession. These both types of the people i.e. the patient and the traveler will have to complete their number of fasting during any other time during the year. But they should try to complete the left over fasts as soon as possible. Nobody knows that when the life and the time will end.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Ransom Of Not Fasting      

Verse –184b  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And for those who can afford it there is a ransom; the feeding of a man in need. But whose doeth good of his own accord, it is better for him:

Wa  ‘alal-laziina  yutii-quunahuu  fidya-tun  ta-‘aamu  miskiin.  Faman- tatawwa-‘a  khay-ran  fahuwa  khayrul-lah.




Yutii-quunahuu aims the persons who need to spend extraordinary strength for keeping the Fast and to bear the labour of Fast and it becomes very difficult for them, for example the old people, the pregnant and the mothers for sucking their young, weak and feeble persons etc.

Man- tatawwa-‘a – (whose person does good of his own accord, willingly)

It has been discussed about concession in this part of the verse for those people who have to bear much difficulty and trouble for keeping the Fast. They have been commanded that due to leaving the fasting they should use to feed bellyful any beggar or necessitious person two times daily and the standard of the food should be the same as usually remains their own.

Then it is said that actual ransom of leaving one fast is to feed two times to any poor person for one day. But if any person increases the quantity of the food that is to say if he feeds more than one poor person or keeps the standard up of the food to higher level, then it is much better for him. He will be rewarded surely for this goodness and kindness. His next world will also be dressed.

Islam emphasizes for alms, charity, liberality, kind behavior and good conduct every time, every where and in every condition but during the month of Ramadaan its importance increases. So before or on ending of this month the Alms “Fitr” is paid. That is also an important ring of this chain so that none of the Muslims would remain hungry.

The Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was very much liberal and generous. But it has been known from His (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Sayings that He (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to become too much generous and liberal likewise fast dust storm.

We should follow the foot-prints of our Great Leader and Guide the Last Prophet of God Almighty (may grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and take part in liberality and generosity surpassing one another. Perception of hunger of the hungry and poverty of the poor will increase if someone keeps the fast. So it is necessary that this perception should remain alive during prosperity and independence, and the poor deserving persons should not be forfeited from the help and support of the prosperous people.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Blessings Of The Fast     

Verse –184c  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And that ye fast is better for you if ye did but know.

Wa  ‘an- tasuumuu  khayrul-lakum  ‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun.




In this part of the verse importance, good and blessings of the Fasting have been discussed and told that although any reasonable excuse may compel the human being to postpone keeping the fast or pay the ransom, even then the advantages and blessings for keeping the fast which may be gotten only during the month of Ramadaan when someone will keep the fast. Those benefits can not be achieved from expiation or to be kept the postponed fast (kafaarah or Qazaa’). So it has been admonished that if you understand the virtues, advisability and philosophy of the fast then it is better for you to keep the fast and do not try un-necessarily to pick up the advantage from permission of the ransom etc.

Which prescription of the fast, its philosophy and necessary commands have been explained in this regard by the God Almighty in the previous verses of this Section, their summary is being presented again here as under:

1.   Fasting is prescribed for every adult Muslim male and female as it is one pillar of Islam out of five pillars. Carelessness, laziness and refusal from it are very big sins. The religious lawyers have fixed infidelity to the refusal from the prescription of the fast.

2.   The fast was also prescribed for the previous nations; the Islam has not invented any new thing.

3.   Purpose of the fast is to grow purity of the soul, abstinence, fear of God Almighty and devotion in the mankind.

4.   Number of the fasts is fixed that is to say during the month of Ramadaan which some times become of 29 days and sometimes 30 days.

  1.   If any person is sick in the month of Ramadaan and not able to complete the numbers of fasts then that person is permitted to keep the remaining fasts whenever he becomes healthy.
  2. If any person is on journey during these days, he also can complete his fasts during other days except Ramadaan whenever he is not in journey.

7.   Quantity of the Ransom is fixed equal to feed a beggar for two times. However if any person keeps the fast being entitled these concessions and takes part in the righteousness with his pleasure, that is also much better for him.

The narration of the fasting and its questions has not yet completed. It will remain in flow in this Section. May Allah Almighty bestow us the correct knowledge and deeds, understanding and admonishing.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Excellence Of The Month Of Ramadan     

Verse –185a  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur-‘an,

Shahru  Ramazaa-nallazii  ‘unzila  fiihil-Qur-‘aanu-




Ramazaa-n (the month of Ramadan) this word has come out from the word Ramaza, literal meaning of which is severity of sunlight and heat. It is ninth month of Islamic Calendar. Islamic year runs with lunar system instead of solar system and the lunar months use to exchange during different seasons. So the month of Ramadan also comes in the different seasons and the person who keeps the fast enjoys each type of season.

Allah Almighty has explained in this verse specialty and the cause of keeping fasts during the month of Ramadan, that is revelation of Holy Qur’an during this Holy Month.

The Holy Qur’an was revealed in reality by degrees and completed in between twenty three years. But its revelation had begun during this Holy Month of Ramadan. At first primary five verses of Surah ALAQ-96 (The Colt) were revealed upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in the Cave of Hiraa in this month. It has also come in the Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that the entire Holy Qur’an was revealed from the Tablet of the Safe (Laow-hi Mahfuuz) on the Sky of this world during the Night of Power (Lay-la tul Qadr) of the month of Ramadan, and then used to reveal by degrees on the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). This Night of Power (Lay-la tul Qadr) is a sacred and blessed night during the month of Ramadan. In the

Speech of Allah Almighty it has been told about this night that it is the most excellent night to one thousand months.

It has also come in the Sayings that as much as the Holy Qur’an were revealed in the year, that were caused to hear by the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him) to the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the month of Ramadan. In the last year of the outward life of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the Angel of God Almighty caused to hear Complete Speech of Allah Almighty and the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) listened.

The Speech of Allah Almighty revealed in the month of Ramadan, so the God Almighty prescribed the fasting to establish it’s token in this month. This Speech is The Guide Book for the life of human beings and fasting in the month of Ramadan is source to make the life pure. Those persons are blessed who find this month and keep fasting completely, and making their lives nice they join the group of sobers, God fearing and temperate.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Characteristics Of The Speech Of Allah     

Verse –185b  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


Guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong).

Hudal-linnaasi  wa  bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa  wal-furqaan.




To clear the excellence of the blessed month of Ramadan Allah Almighty explained in the beginning of this verse that Holy Qur’an, the Last Heavenly Scripture began to reveal upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in this month. Now three characteristics of the Holy Qur’an have been expressed as under:

1.   Hudan (guidance) – the Holy Qur’an is the spring of guidance for the entire human beings. Every person can get to know the straight path to reach the Creator and the sound destination of life only through the Holy Qur’an. Each source of guidance besides the Holy Qur’an will be wrong. Except it every path will be the path of depravity and deviation. Only Holy Qur’an is the Scripture which can guide towards the straight path. In the aggregate to pass the human life successfully the Holy Qur’an provides all those principles and codes regarding its all aspects which signify towards the straight path and real destination. It has been mentioned in this verse Hudal-linnaas (guidance for the whole mankind). For more details of the word ‘guidance’ please study Lesson # 9 Holy Qur’an (STRAIGHT PATH)

  1.    Bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa – (clear proofs of the guidance) the Holy Qur’an has so explained all the principles and codes of guidance that these have become entirely clear, easy, simple and light and every person can understand them with ease because excellence of the Holy Qur’an is ‘bayyinaat’ (clear proofs). So the principles of the Holy Qur’an are common sense, simple and practicable. Nothing is against the wisdom and no principle is impracticable.

3.   Al-furqaan – (the Criterion (separator of right from wrong) it is the third excellence of the Holy Qur’an that the persons who recite this Sacred Scripture, correct decision power grows into them. They become capable to make a distinction between true and false, just and absurd, truth and lie, faith and infidelity, correction and quarrel, obedience and rebellion, worship and refusal. They can distinguish between good and bad. So ‘Al-Furqaan’ (the Criterion (of right and wrong) is also the characteristic of the Holy Qur’an.


The book like this which has these three characteristics, if Her each command is not the Message of life for the human being then what is this? Its each command has been filled with countless auspiciousness, blessings and wisdoms.

Would that the Muslims too get themselves understand this Last Message of God Almighty, as well as admonish also to the world. If we are unable to spread the Speech of Allah Almighty in each corner of the world then it would be dishonesty in the Trust.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prescription Of The Fast     

Verse –185c  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month.

Faman-  shahida  min-kumush-Shahra  fal-yasumh.




It has been mentioned in this piece of verse that the person who remains alive till the month of Ramadan, he/she must keep the fasting. Concession is only for the sick (patient) and the passenger. Its detail has been discussed earlier and will also be stated again in the last part of this verse. It is ordered owing to the excellences of the month of Ramadan which are being discussed once again as an abstract.

It is the custom in every nation of the world to keep the fast for example on the day of Ashurah (10th of the first lunar month) the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation got freedom from the cruelty of the Pharaoh. So the fast of that day was begun in the children of Israel. The Law of keeping the fast is also present in the Christians.  Concept and custom of fasting is available in the Indians and other nations too. Details are different but the reality is present.

Fasting have countless virtues, it puts good effects on the health and spirit, the rich people are well-informed about the poor practically, equation produces between the people who eat bellyful and the people who suffer starving, Spiritual powers develop with it, sensual wishes are controlled, God fearing becomes strong in the mankind, for example if there is season of summer, every living thing feels severe thirst, the cold water has been placed in the house, no body is there to see the Faster, but he/she doesn’t drink the water.

This all is because the respect of the Command of Allah Almighty has settled down in his/her heart. Now no other power can defeat the person and while according to the Order of God Almighty he has made habit to leave the legal, lawful and pure desires during the month of Ramadan through fasting, then he won’t feel difficulty in leaving the illegal, unlawful and bad habits. This is the moral cleanliness of which purpose of fasting is to grow.

It has come in Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if a faster does not leave to tell a lie, absurd talks and useless deeds, then God Almighty does not care for his leaving to eat and drink. Though, the real purpose of fasting is to correct the morality. If the manners are not corrected, then there is no advantage of the fasting. It is the obligation on (us) the Muslims that due to so much virtue and importance of the fasting, we should keep the fasts every year of this month, respect the month of Ramadan and create physical, spiritual and moral characteristics into us, so that the purpose of the revelation of Holy Qur’an is completed, and the month of Ramadan be proved as the real festival and token of the revelation of Holy Qur’an.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Allah Desires Ease Not Hardship For You     

Verse –185d  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number on other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you;

Wa  man-  kaana  mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa  safarin  fa-  ‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaa-min  ‘u-khar.  Yuriidullahu  biku-mul-yusra  wa  laa  yuriidu  bikumul- ‘usr.




This fact has been disclosed in this verse of the holy Qur’an that the Natural Religion i.e. Islam is very easy and simple. Islam does not desire severe hardships, arduous labors and impracticable worships. Moreover a lot of capacity and countless facilities have been kept in Islam. Weak pressed persons have been conceded. There is none likewise command in the Divine Law of Islam in which consideration regarding circumstances, age, health, season and other compulsions and difficulties of the human being would not have been kept front.

It was commanded in the previous verse that whosoever out of you is present during the month of Ramadan, let him fast. Perhaps it might be considered by some persons that the entire persons have come under this command and there is no concession for the excusable persons. So now this command has been repeated that the persons who are sick or on journey, they can keep the fasting during any other month instead of the month of Ramadan and can get pleasure of the God Almighty.

It has also known by us from this verse that although apparently the commands of Divine are felt some quantity arduous and difficult but in fact those are for success, promotion and easiness of the straight path, because the God Almighty has no enmity with us that let He order us difficult. But He is our Creator, Worshiped and the Most Beneficent. He keeps regard in each condition for easiness and facility. His each command is for our advisability of life and prosperity.

The orders to which we suppose difficult, in fact those are easy too. We consider them difficult due to our own laziness and comfort. Really we have never heard till to day that either any person has died due to the fasts of Ramadan or somebody has become sick. In spite of this we have seen that the persons have recovered from illness due to keeping the fast, and then what will let you say about the spiritual power.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Other Intentions Of The Fast     

Verse –185e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.

Wa  litukmilul-‘iddata wa litukabbirullaaha ‘alaa maa hadaakum wa la-‘allakum tashkuruun.




Great aim of fasting is fear of God (abstinence) as it has been discussed earlier in the verse 83, (Lesson # 187). Now in the last part of this verse other three purposes of the fasting have been mentioned.

litukmilul-‘iddata (you should complete the period) it means that the disabled people may keep the fasts in another time besides the month of Ramadan and complete the calculation of that month. It is the Grace and Kindness of Allah Almighty that if any person couldn’t perform his prescription in time and might not execute the command on due time, then he is given another chance so that he may fulfill the order of God Almighty and could get His pleasure, though the accomplishment of the commands of the Divine is necessary. Advantage may be gained from the facilities but can not be ignored.

Litukabbirullaaha (that you should magnify Allah) purpose is to sing the songs of magnificence and greatness of Allah Almighty acting upon His bestowed Guidelines. It is also Mercy of God Almighty that He has shown us the straight path with His wisdom and knowledge, the person who goes that path remains safe from each calamity. The mankind should try to gain prestige the name and religion of Allah Almighty, remain busy to magnify the religion day and night, and try to get delight of Allah Almighty every time, elevate His name in the East and the West, so that no nation might remain deprived from the guidance.

la-‘allakum tashkuruun (peradventure you may be thankful) third aim of the fast is that we thank God Almighty on His blessings and be grateful to Him for His favours. Meaning of thanking for blessings of Allah Almighty is that we should use those blessings in the determined manner. We should not disdain and be ungrateful for the facilities which have been provided to us by Allah Almighty. Moreover we should use in good and correct manner His given powers, virtues, blessings and abilities.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Supplication  

Verse –186a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely   I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calleth unto Me.

Wa ‘izaa sa-‘alaka ‘ibaa-dii ‘annii fa-‘innii Qariib. ‘Ujiibu da’- watad-daa-‘i   ‘izaa da-‘aani,




Annii (concerning Me, about Me) that is to say they ask about My nearness and distance. Some religions have considered that the God Almighty has so much distance and high from us that reaching there is entirely impossible. Islam rejected this wrong belief and told that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human being.

Innii Qariibun (surely I am nigh (near) it means that Allah Almighty is also near to the mankind in accord with His knowledge and acquaintance, as well as near to him for listening his prayer and admitting too. In the Holy Qur’an it is commanded in another place “Surely I am nearest too than his main vein (of human being)”.

It is the Soul of the religion that the person would cut off every one and be just of only one God (Allah), pay for a boon from Him , raise hands for asking in front of Him, his life and death, his worship and sacrifice would be for Him only. For growing this soul Allah Almighty taught to pray and commanded that I am not far away from the human beings. Moreover while any person calls Me with complete sincerity leaving every thing, then I hear his supplication, answer him, accept his prayer, and fulfill his desire.

In the Saying (Hadith) it comes that during the last third part of the night Allah Almighty comes to the nearest sky and proclaims, “Is there any suppliant, I accept whose prayer? Is there any beggar, to whom I bestow? Is there any one asking for forgiveness to whom I forgive? The Prophet of God Almighty (Peace Be upon Him) once said that the prayer is worship. In another Hadith it has come that Allah Almighty is so much modest and kind that He does not wish to return any one who prays with empty handed. But there is a condition for accepting the prayer that the heart shouldn’t be indolent and careless. It does not depend only in this last part of night, Allah Almighty hears call of every caller (the person who requests earnestly) every time, on every place, on the condition that he should call with sincere and honesty.

In this verse how the God Almighty has filled strength and trust for the helpless human beings, hope for broken hearts, expectation for the sinners, support for the tired ones. If the mankind doesn’t ask from Him then from whom he would ask. But how much indolent and cruel is this human being that he feels shame when requesting to Him and hesitates spreading hands in front of Him.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Two Conditions For The Supplication  

Verse –186b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


So let them hear My call and let them believe in Me, in order that they may be led aright.

Fal- yastajiibuu  lii  wal-yu’-minuu  bii  la-‘allahum  yar-shuduun.




It was stated in the previous lesson that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human beings. He is aware most of their circumstances. He is apprised their needs, knows their advisability, wishes their welfare and betterment, hears their call, accepts their supplication, and treat them with kindness and blessing. Now two conditions have been commanded by God Almighty for acceptance of the supplication:

Fal- yastajiibuu  lii – (So let them hear My call, they should obey My order) it also includes the meanings – to agree, to believe, to suppose, to confess, to admit. First condition of the supplication is that the suppliant should obey the commands, guidelines and manners instructed by the God Almighty.


Wal-yu’-minuu  bii – (and let them believe in Me) the words iimaan (belief) and Mu’-min (believer) have also derived from this word. It has already been explained about the word ‘Belief’ that is to say, to promise, to accept with the tongue, to believe in the heart and to devise for practice likewise the belief. It is the second condition for acceptance of the supplication. Besides these basic conditions many other conditions have also been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and the Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), for instance; to pray for right and correct thing, to beg with faith and sincerity, lawful earnings, to eat pure food, to be remained good etc.   


Some times our prayers are not accepted, then we should not become desperate and broken hearted, and think that any command or decision of the God Almighty is never without philosophy and advisability. However it may be suspicion of defects and weaknesses in our supplication. It is also possible that the acceptance of supplication may be hurtful for us. So we should believe of betterment on the decision and philosophy of God Almighty.

Secondly we should bear in mind that due to non acceptance of some supplications it is not reasonable that there is no use of praying. Because some times no medicine becomes useful in any disease, but the treatment is not left. So there is no reason to leave the praying due to non acceptance. It would be certainly any reason in non acceptance. The God Almighty knows our advisability. He desires our betterment. So we should also pray all the times, again and again in front of Him, practice on His Guidelines, because it is the path of success.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Relation Between Husband And Wife  

Verse –187a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them.

‘U-hilla  lakum  laylatas-Siyaamir-rafasu  ‘ilaa  nisaaa-‘i-kum.  Hunna  libaasul-lakum  wa  ‘antum  libaasul-lahunn.




‘Ar-rafasu – (to go in unto (wives), literal meaning of the word rafasa is ‘the speech or talk which excite sexual feelings and sensual wishes. Here it means ‘to sleep together of husband and wife for intercourse’.

You know that the orders of the Islamic Divine were revealed slowly and gradually. Like the people of the Scripture (the children of Israel) the Muslims also used to refrain to commit sexual intercourse with their wives after sleeping at night during the month of Ramadan. It has been softened through this verse, and permitted to commit sexual intercourse at night.

It discloses that the Islam doesn’t desire to efface entirely the wishes and feelings. Moreover it desires to put all the works into the orders and will of the God Almighty. Do any work whenever Allah Almighty wishes and stop to do it whenever it is forbidden by Him because He understands best about our betterment and advisability. We don’t know about profit and loss for ourselves.

Besides the fasting there is no restriction for husband and wife of day and night. But it is forbidden in the day time during the fasting. If anybody disobeys this order, he will either keep the fasts for sixty days continuously as punishment of one broken fast or set free a slave or feed sixty poor persons.

Libaasun – (raiment, clothing), it has been revealed about near relation of husband and wife commanding them clothing of each other which is inference from one another to them with the permission of God Almighty. this simile of raiment is present in many forms for instance their near relationship between them, their need of each other, their perfect bodily nearness, grace and beauty for one another, and being reason of satisfaction and facility, best of all that concealing blemishes although being perfect trusty of one another.

Please think that how much things have been made one to understand using the one word Libaasun ‘the raiment’. It is necessary for husband and wife (both) that they should prove themselves clothing (confident), trustworthy, secret keepers, hearty rest provider and cause of pleasure for one another.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Object Of Holding Intercourse    

Verse –187b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


Allah is aware that ye were deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy towards you and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained for you,

‘Alimallaahu  ‘annakum  kuntum  takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum  fataaba  ‘alaykum  wa  ‘afaa  ‘an-kum.  Fal-‘aana  baashiruu-hunna  wabtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum,




Takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum – (you were deceiving yourselves) some weak Muslims used to convict themselves of deception.

Baashiruu-hunna – (hold intercourse with your wives)

In the previous lesson it has been mentioned that in the beginning of Islam the Muslims did not use to go in unto their wives on the night of the fast like the people of the Scripture. But some of them could not control themselves and either broke this restriction due to being subdued of their sexual feelings or grew desire and intention of deception in the heart of someone. The God Almighty cleared this matter and permitted to hold intercourse with their wives also like eating and drinking at night.

‘Abtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum – (seek that which Allah hath ordained for you) ‘abtagaa’ means to try to get and seek for any thing. maa  kataballahu  lakum (which Allah hath ordained for you). It signifies towards ‘the children’ and breed which is produced in the conclusion of intercourse.

In addition to the permission a warning has also been given. That is to say the purpose of going in unto wives should be to produce the children. Although someone gets natural taste also from the act of intercourse but Islam has kept the real and bigger intention from this act which is attainment of the children and augmentation of the breed, so that the individual deliciousness may become the cause of collective gain.

It has become evident from this guidance of the Holy Qur’an that birth control and pregnancy prohibition etc all are the wrong and unlawful paths. It is the natural result of holding intercourse. One should keep hope of it and wait for it. Only the sensualist-ness has no object.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Timings Of The Fasting   

Verse –187c of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall.

Wa  kuluu  wash-rabuu  hattaa  yata-bayyana  lakumul-khaytul-‘abyazu  minal-khaytil-‘aswadi  minal-Fajr.  Summa  ‘atimmus-Siyaama  ‘ilal-layl.



Al-Fajr – (the dawn) it does not mean the false dawn but that is the light of early in the morning which can be seen some time later than just before daybreak, while the light begins to spread towards east and the west, that is called ‘dawn of the day’. Till that time (dawn of the day) meals (or food) may be taken for keeping a fast. It has been much appreciated in the Sayings of the Prophet (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to take meals (or food) during the last time. The Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that Bilaal (May Allah be pleased on him) uses to call very early (during false dawn) for preparing the people for prayer, so don’t stop eating on his call or looking only light in the north and south. Moreover consider reliable spreading the light.

Once Omar (May Allah be pleased on him) instructed that care to eat and drink at the time of keeping the fast is necessary when morning light becomes clear on the paths and peaks of the hills.

‘Al-layl – (the nightfall) commencement of the night in Arabic begins immediately at the end of the day and sunset, so the next date of Islamic Calendar (Lunar Year) begins immediately after the sunset. On the contrary the date of solar year is changed after passing the midnight. ‘ilal-layl (till nightfall) means “break the fast as soon as the night enters”. It does not mean to keep the fast till spreading the darkness of the night.

Before this order the Muslims used to sleep after breaking the fast. Then they did not use to eat anything till next evening. They have been permitted to eat, drink and sleep with their wives after breaking the fast till the light of early in the morning.

It is another concession and facility which was bestowed afterward that it is permitted to the people to eat and drink till the time the white thread becomes distinct from the black thread of the dawn and then the fast will be observed the entire day after finishing the time of meals (or food) for keeping a fast till the time sun sets and the darkness begins to spread.

It is also known from this order that without taking meals for keeping and breaking the fast continuously is odious. Islam teaches us the path of temperance, does not like severity and strictness. So the manner which has been fixed by the Divine, we should follow it strictly and which concessions have been given we should get advantage from them.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque   

Verse –187d of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques.

Wa  laa tubaashi-ruuhunna  wa  ‘an-tum  ‘aakifuuna, fil-masaajid.




Laa tubaashi-ruuhunna – (touch the wives not) here the word ‘to go in unto the wives’ has been used in the spacious meanings that is to say, not only to stop from committing a sexual intercourse but kissing and bugging is also forbidden during curbing one’s passion from religious motives continuing in the mosque (sitting by oneself in the mosque and think of God Almighty) particularly during the third Ashrah of the month of Ramadan.

‘Aakifuuna – (to be at devotions) its literal meanings are “to keep oneself preventing from the use of anything or make something necessary over oneself. Technically it means ‘endowing oneself for worship sitting in the mosque’

Another order has been delivered regarding the fasting, “don’t go in unto your wives while you are being at your devotions in mosque”. Some more necessary commands regarding “e’tikaaf” (being at devotions in mosque) are stated below:

It is necessary for the persons who have to be at devotions that they should remain in the mosques every time during that period, also eat, drink, sleep and wake there. They may come out of the mosque only at the time of bodily and lawful needs. The minimum period for the devotions is one day and there is no limit for excessive period. It is declared from the word fil-masaajid that the devotions should always be in the mosques. However it can be observed by the women in any corner of the home instead of the mosques.

Conversation is lawful during the devotions on the condition it should not be against the reverence of the mosque and the respects of the devotions.

It was the habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to be at His devotions in the mosque complete ten days during the last Ashrah of the month of Ramadan and broke His entire relation from the worldly matters. So to be at one’s devotions in the mosque is reasonable practice of the Prophet Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), which means that if any one person out of a ward observes this practice then this responsibility ends from others.

Being at devotions has many advantages – there is no any other method to become fresh for the purpose of belief and to achieve the spiritual strength, because during that period the mankind passes his time continuously in worship and obedience. He remains in solitude and loneliness.

We should act accomplished upon this practice of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), get the light of faith, achieve the vicinity of God Almighty, be entitled of pleasure of the Messenger Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and purify ourselves completely at the very least a few days, break the relation with worldly relations and matters for some time and attend to the Real Worshiped.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Limits Imposed By Allah   

Verse –187e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His Revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil).

Tilka  huduudullahi  falaa taq-rabuuhaa.  Kazaalika  yubay-yinullaahu  ‘Aayaatihii  linnaasi  la-‘allahum  yatta-quun.




Tilka (These) it signifies towards those six/seven orders which have been expounded in the earlier lessons.

Huduudun – (plural of Hadd which means limits) it aims the limits of the customs, codes and regulations imposed by the God Almighty not to approach them as pressed again and again in the Holy Qur’an.

‘Aayaat – (Verses) means orders, customs, laws, rules and regulations.

The Holy Qur’an has explained all concerning rules and regulations after discussing about blessings and becoming obligation of the fasting also cleared the necessities and codes of being at one’s devotions in the mosque. Now it has been warned in this last piece of this verse that all the laws, principles, limits and prohibitions have been deduced by the God Almighty.

It will not be a customary thing to turn the face from them and disobey. Moreover the God Almighty has exposed them Who has the Knowledge and Philosophy, His Guidance and Commands are rightful, based on advisability and guarantor of betterment and success. This world and the hereinafter will become better with their execution and following. Disobedience and refusal from them will become forerunner of distressed and destruction. So nobody should cross these limits and should remain within the imposed limits of Him.

As the God Almighty has expounded in detail the commands regarding the fast, its limits, timing, to be at devotions in mosque and other concerning matters, like this He commands about remaining orders for mankind’s betterment and prosperity in detail. Fear of God, control of the passions, spirit of obeying and obedience, sincerity and sacrifice, chastity and honesty, good nature and well wishing will grow in the human being due to strongly abide by these rules.

The person can not establish himself any path for his advisability and betterment due to less sense nature. He needs instructions of a Sage and Excellent Life, an Aggregate Scholar and an Absolute Master which is One i.e. the God Almighty. He has guided us towards success and prosperity with His extremely Kindness. So we should go on the straight path without hesitation and get the real object.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

To Eat Up Others’ Property Unjustly   

Verse –188a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)


And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity,

Wa  laa  ta’-kuluu  ‘am-waalakum-   bay-nakum-  bil-baa-tili 




Laa  ta’-kuluu – (do not eat) this word has been originated from the word ‘akala which means ‘to eat’. Technically it doesn’t mean only ‘to eat’ but it also signifies to use the property after getting it unlawfully.

‘Am-waalakum – (property of one another) all the Muslims are being addressed and here it doesn’t mean ‘your property’ but it aims ‘the property of one another out of you’.

Bay-nakum – (mutually themselves) the wise persons have told that the circle of this word is very spacious. This order is not limited only on the property of the Muslims; it also means the property of the entire human beings. Desiring they are either Muslims or Infidels, getting the property of any person with treachery, deception, oppression and in vanity is illegal and unlawful.

Bil-baa-tili – (unjustly, unfairly) it aims every illegal manner of the possession of others property. There can be a lot of forms of it but the lawful method is only one. The method, which will be adopted except this one, will be considered unlawful and unjust.

It was intended from the prescription of the fasting that the spirits of the persons of nation would become pure, they may grow first of all the habit into them to leave the usage of lawful things to get the willingness of God Almighty, so that it may become easier for them to leave the unlawfully gotten property in future and they abstain entirely from it.

To live collectively and mixing up with each other the need to exchange the things is certain. So it is commanded, “And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity” (you should not try to eat up the property of any other person in vanity during mutual money dealings), you should leave all at once to plunder, to entangle in gambling, to get the property with deception, fraud, cleverness and other unfair means, like this the charges of singing and playing upon the musical instruments, business of wine for example making, buying and selling it etc, to take bribe, false evidence, to embezzle in trust, to eat up the property of weak and helpless person in vanity are unfair methods. The human beings should ward off these evils.

The Holy Qur’an has left its decision usually on the people’s own conscience that every person should feel his responsibility at his own, correct his behaviour and character, keep fear of his actions’ accounts in his mind, every matter be dealt with honesty and trust so that the government might need to interfere only in the proper and particular matters.

Abridgement of this verse is, “it is not the only goodness to leave the pure and lawful things during the month of Ramadan but the real goodness is to leave eating up and getting unlawful property of others forever. Never acquire any one’s property with deception, fraud, dishonest, tyranny, oppression or unjust. To get bribe and illegal gifts is unlawful. As the spirits of the Muslims will become pure with the fasting like this their deeds and actions will become nice by following these orders. It will affect blessed on morality, social deeds, politics, and justice as far as every field of life.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse –188b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


Nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.

Wa tudluu bihaaa ‘ilal-huk-kaami  li-ta’-kuluu  fariiqam-min  ‘amwaalin-naasi  bil-‘ismi  wa  ‘antum  ta’-lamuun.




Tudluu – (don’t seek gain by supplying money or any other valuable thing to the officials for getting their favor. Don’t put affect on the rulers/officers either bribing them or giving them property as financial gifts t0 approach and get unlawful advantage).

Fariiqan – (part, share) it also means any group or party but here it has been used as portion or part.

Bil-‘ismi – (unjust, untrue) all kinds of evils are included in the meanings of the word ‘ism.

The Holy Qur’an has forced here on two things for justice, equity and security of the rights of people in the society:

1.   If any body intends to put affect on the rulers and officials, and wins their influence through tributes, presents, gifts, holding feasts and bribe, and uses all other likewise means, these all are unlawful. Because doing so the rulers may become partial and supporter, the balance/scale of the justice is bent, existence of the truth-loving and justice ends, tyranny and rights destruction becomes common, liar claims, false documents, liar evidences, false oath forms and slinking away from the true talk becomes public. Due to these evils corruption spreads, ratio of murder and killing increases. This law has been made to escape from all these evils because it is necessary to keep the rulers/officials neutral, just-lovers and partial of the right so that nobody may try to temp the officials with his property/wealth.

  1.   Secondly the Holy Qur’an has commanded us that due to each person’s conscience the mankind attends towards goodness in each matter and business/money dealings and his heart reproaches him on evil. It is clear that however the matters will be decided by the best court and the best just ruler according to situation of the law-suit and evidence of the witnesses and it is possible to err and slip into them. So in spite of the decision of any Justice or Ruler actual criminal may escape from crime in their eyesight and the evil-doer from punishment of his evil. But the conscience of the human being can not deceive him on the condition that he would not have killed his conscience pressing it again and again.

It has come in the Sayings that once the Messenger (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that any case is brought to Me, the plaintiff proves it correct while the Right is on the other side, I decide according to the statement. But he should understand that unlawfully getting the property of a Muslim is likewise getting the Fire.        


Account Of The Moon

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –189a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moon. Say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the Pilgrimage.

Yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil- ‘Ahil-lah.  Qul  hiya  mawaaqiitu  lin-naasi  wal-Hajj.




‘Ahil-lah – (the new moon) ‘Ahil-lah is plural of Hilaal. About the moon the questions of the people were nearly like, “first rising of the moon, then it’s increasing date-wise and then its decreasing date-wise, and then till the time its disappearing – why it is so? And what is the reason of these changes?

Mawaaqiitu – (time, season) it is plural of miiqaat which means prescribed time or instrument and a measure of the time.

The changes which come in the moon, those may be commonly seen and felt. It is a natural thing to ask about these things by the mankind because he remains restless to get the more and excessive sciences. Some people asked from the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) about the reasons of increase and decrease of the moon. What are the causes of rising and disappearing of it? The Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) replied these questions with the inspiration of God Almighty, “it is the advantage of increasing and decreasing of the moon that it becomes easy to fix the days, dates, months and years for worldly matters and lawful accounts of the people with it.

The root of worshiping the whims and plurality would be cut with this clear statement of the Holy Qur’an. Many nations of the world used to adore the moon. These like nations adored the new moon believing it demi-god, increasing moon was considered blessed and the decreasing as wretched. So these people did not use to even marry during the last dates of the moon. The Holy Qur’an declared the purpose of increasing and decreasing of the moon that the times and period for work of the human being can be fixed easily with it. It also helps in worships and lawful accounts besides the worldly matters. The word ‘Pilgrimage’ has been particularly used here because it was a very important section of the lives of Arabian people.

Due to some extra advantages in the Lunar account the Holy Qur’an has preferred it from the Solar account:

  • In the solar calendar a lot of difficulties happen because it remains in the same condition. Which customary change comes due to rising to the sun and setting, the people can not guess it.
  • Availability of well acquainted person who keeps the correct solar account is much difficult in backward and uncivilized territories.
  • Every body (literate and illiterate) can estimate the time and date due to regularly equal changes in the conditions of the moon.
  • The weather doesn’t affect on the rising to the moon and setting. So different months use to come in different weathers on the entire earth and the Muslims of each country and territory can perform their worships turn by turn in each season.


A Custom Of Ignorance

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –189b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.

Wa  laysal-birru  bi-‘an-  ta’-tul-  bu-yuuta  min- zuhuurihaa  wa  laakinnal-birra  manittaqaa.  Wa’-tul-bu-yuuta min  ‘abwaabihaa;  wat-taqullaaha  la-‘allakum  tuflihuun.




Before Islam it was tradition during the time of ignorance that when the people of Arab used to fasten their determination dress during the days of pilgrimage, they considered inauspicious and ill-omened to enter their houses through the gates/doors. Moreover they used to enter making doors in the back walls of their houses or climb on the roofs from the backyard of their houses and leap in their houses. They used to suppose it unto themselves a great worship and respect of the temple of Makkah (Ka’-ba). Looking them doing so some Companions (may God Almighty be pleased with them) of the Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) also were fallen in this misunderstanding and deemed against the respects of determination to enter through the doors of their houses in determination dresses.

In this verse this misunderstanding has been removed and told that righteousness is not in it to enter the house from its back and the righteousness is not in it also to consider worship to any self invented statement. Moreover it is the righteousness that the Orders of God Almighty is obeyed, be frightened from disobedience of His Commands, be temperate from evil doings and whenever you wish to enter your house, come in from its door/gate, leave ancient customs and invented concoctions/wrongs and act upon the Guidance of the God Almighty.

It has also been cleared from it that each those actions which are not verified or supported by Holy Qur’an and the Sayings of Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), to understand them as worship in personal heart and admit them in the Divine law of religion or make them compulsory over personal life are sins and that is called heresy.

Then it has also become evident that the real righteousness is the fear of God Almighty, that is to say, to embrace His Orders whole heartedly and act upon them, to have fear from disobedience of Allah Almighty, use to escape from His forbidden affairs. This righteousness is required by the God Almighty and this is the touch-stone of mankind’s’ actions and his life’s goodness and badness.

At the end it has been expounded that the result of the righteousness like this is perfect success and achievement of the object. This verse reminds us again that God fearing and success have how much deep relation between each other. The Fear of God Almighty is the basic principle of fame/respect and comfort forever in both the Worlds.


Fight In The Way Of Allah Almighty

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –190 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


And fight in the Way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.

Wa  qaatiluu  fii  sabiilil-laahil-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum  wa  laa  ta’-taduu.  ‘Innallaaha  laa yuhibbul-mu’-tadiin.




Qaatiluu – (fight) it is derived from the word Qataal which means ‘to fight’. The Muslims are being commanded at the stage when the enemies and oppressors of Islam have pulled down tyranny upon them. This oppression was not only for a few days, it also was used to pull down for thirteen years during the stay in Makkah. Having patience in reply of aggression and cruelty of Infidels, when the Muslims left their homes and native land, and colonized in Madina then they were permitted to fight against the enemies for protection after so long and hard trial which was also due to their attacks and strictures again and again.

Fii  sabiilil-laahi – (in the Way of God Almighty) that is to say not for their own need, but only for benediction of Allah Almighty, to efface the plurality, to support the Right Religion and to get pleasure of the God Almighty.

Al-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum – (those who fight against you) namely those people who raised the weapons over you. There have been revealed two things from these words:

  • The war was neither begun first by the Muslims and nor they were to be so. All the battles fought by the Muslims against Infidels in which Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) participated were only for defence and protection purpose.
  • The war would only be fought against those people who participate practically in it. All the old persons, children, women, patients and impartial persons are excluded. It is not lawful in Islam to fight against them. However all the enemies are included in Al-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum who are busy in preparations against Islam and the Muslims, and are helping the fighters in any form.

Laa  ta’-taduu – (don’t begin hostilities) this word has come out from the word ‘i’-ta-daa which means ‘to advance from the just’ and go forth from the limits. It may have many forms:

  • The meaning of ‘the Limits’ can be the limits of Divine of the Religion, for instance to kill also those persons of enemy nation emotionally as revenge and anger who have not participated in the battle, to burn their crops, gardens and fruit-bearing trees and to kill their speechless animals.
  • Aim of ‘the limit’ may also be the limit of agreement, for example ‘not to care also the agreements personally following the other nations and attack starting faithlessness to their promise’.
  • One other form of crossing ‘the limit’ may be ‘to fight for any other cause or purpose besides Fii  sabiilil-laahi (in the Way of God Almighty)’.


The Battle And Expatriation

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –191a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out,

Waq-tuluuhum  hay-su  saqif-tumuuhum  wa  ‘akhrijuu-hum-min  hay-su  ‘akhrajuukum




‘Uq-tuluuhum – (slay them, kill them) hum means those persons who have come out for battle. This command is not for all the times but it is only for the duration of the war.

hay-su  saqif-tumuuhum – (wherever you find them) that is to say the persons who fight against you and kill the persons out of you, slay them wherever you find them in the battlefield, then don’t stop your hands.

min  hay-su  ‘akhrajuukum – (the places whence they drove you out) it signifies towards Makkah – the Infidels and Idolaters drove the Muslims out from Makkah.

It has been commanded to slay, to fight and to strive in this verse. The enemies of Islam remain in endeavour that the Muslims may not raise,

They should be removed from the face of the earth. Therefore the existence of these like enemies is the cause of danger every time for the Muslims. So wherever the Muslims overcome upon them, if they don’t like to live as peaceful citizens and don’t shun from the wickedness then ‘slay them’.

The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) constructed the Temple of Makkah (Baytul-laah, Khana Ka’-ba) for the purpose that all the persons of the entire earth should come for purely worship of the God Almighty. His real heirs were the Muslims, because only they were the representatives of the religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) out of the entire nations, and were regular on the Divine of God Almighty and the true religion. The Muslims wished to make it the centre of the Religion Islam from the beginning. But the Infidels and Idolaters opposed the Muslims. They stood in their way, prevented them to say the truth, oppressed and tyrannized them. Even that they exiled the Muslims from Makkah.

Leaving their native land and the centre the Oppressed Muslims came to Madina for living.  The Infidels didn’t let them remain also  in peace there, did different types of conspiracies, continued vexing and to go against them, prevented the Muslims from Pilgrimage, hindered extremely in Islamic invitation, and began attacking on the Madina. In these circumstances, the Muslims were ordered to slay these types of Infidels wherever you find them. And exile them for getting back your native land and spiritual centre, because their harassments have crossed the limits.

Life of a Muslim is the correct model for the humanity. He is follower of the natural religion i.e. Islam. He is a flag-holder of excellent manners with his word and deed. Being pattern of the perfect humanity he should be provided the right of living with complete freedom. The Islam neither snatches freedom of anyone, nor can sacrifice its own freedom, nor can tolerate like this any constitution, way of life and system which might be peace-breaker, false worshipper, enemy of God, and cause of dishonour for the nobility and humanity.



Persecution Is Worse Than Slaughter

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –191b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


for persecution is worse than slaughter.

wal-fitnatu  ‘ashaddu  minal-qatl.




al-fitnatu – (persecution, mischief) it has been derived from the word fatana. Its literal meaning is to put the gold into the fire for purifying. It also means only to put into the fire. Technically it is also called for the meanings of ‘trouble, difficulty, pain, test/trial and examination. Besides it, it comes in the meanings of ‘to persecute in the way of God Almighty, unrest, murder, plundering, and to push back forcibly from the religion too. In this verse it has been used as these last meanings.

To slaughter a person is very great badness. But greater badness than it is ‘to try to snatch any person’s independence by someone as though the right of the life, crush their rights, wish to remove a nation only for the purpose that she is displeased from the plurality and convinced with Oneness of God Almighty, wish to spread infidelity and plurality in place of Unity (Oneness of God Almighty). If this persecution and mischief will not be removed, then its spreading day by day will become so common that any nation would not remain living. Moreover the entire mankind will come into the entanglement of the fire of war, altercation and slaughter. So, if it is compulsory to kill a few persons to burry the persecution, then there is no harm because a little sacrifice has no significance for stopping the great badness.

Islam is the religion which shows the path of humanity, good manners, truth and just, goodness and God fearing to the human being. So opposing this religion is just like enmity against the humanity and to renounce it is like denying the life. The person, who falls back from Islam, invites his own destruction and ruin. So who becomes separate from it, likewise goes into the mouth of death. Each that person who stops the people from the natural religion like Islam, he is mischief-monger. If he will remain living, he will deform the morality and good actions of the people. So the existence of this enemy class of the humanity is unbearable. It is better to finish it so that one sheep may not spoil the entire. His mischievousness, hostile enmity of peaceful preaching is synonymous of plundering the natural independence of the mankind. And at last it will bring the world towards persecution and mischief, massacre, rebellion and unrest. So it is better to cut the root of it even now, before starting slaughter and bloodshed at the spacious range.

It is also worth considering that ‘to kick out from homes, to banish or slaughter’ are the matters for afterward, the real thing is due to which these things appear. So there is a need to cut the root for stopping the expulsion, exilement and bloodshed, and that root is persecution/mischief. All the forms of persecution and mischief should be removed, desiring it becomes necessary to slaughter for them, because it produces the spacious slaughter. To spread the unjust persecution is very bad thing and also worse than slaughter. So killing the mischief-makers is very great kindness over the humanity.


Reverence Of The Inviolable Place Of Worship

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –191c & 192 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers.

  1.  But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.   Wal  laa tuqaatiluuhum  ‘indal-Masjidil  Haraami  hatta  yu-qaatiluukum  fiih.  Fa-‘in-  qaata-luukum  faqtuluuhum.  Kazaa-lika  jazaaa-‘ul-Kaafiriin.
  •  Fa-‘ininta-haw  fa-‘innal-laaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.           Lesson

  • ‘indal-Masjidil  Haraami –(near the Inviolable Place of Worship) technically area of several miles on all sides of the Temple of Makkah (Khana Ka’-ba) is called ‘Haram’. It is also included in its Determination (‘Ihraam) that neither the battle should be fought here, and nor shed the blood of any person, even that ‘to go a hunting’ is also prohibited.

    In the beginning of this verse it has been mentioned that ‘to prevent from the religion, to spread the persecution/quarrel, to vex, unrest, plundering, destruction and forcibly push back from the religion are included in mischief. It should be pressed in each form, desiring there is a dire need to slay someone. If the war is not waged in the beginning to press the sedition, then spreading day to day it will take in fold the entire nation and country and then quarrels, disturbance, loot, unrest and bloodshed will begin.

    In this verse it has been stated that if the enemies of Islam do not refrain from their mischief and start waging a war into the limits of Haram (the four walls of Makkah), then you can also fight with them at that sacred place. During the normal circumstances the battle and bloodshed is not allowed near the Inviolable Place of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba) because this House is the Place of peace and respectable, but to suppress the mischief has become so much necessary that it may come in the fold of war. It is the Punishment for the enemies of Peace that they should either be exiled from their native land or slain. However, if they refrain from mischief and persecution, forswear from evil-doings and misdeeds and come under the shelter of Islam, then don’t raise the sword over them. Moreover consider them as your brothers because the God Almighty forgives previous sins of the repentant.

    Three things have been proved from this verse:

    •            The Inviolable Place of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba) is the place of peace. Killing and shedding blood should not be done here.
    •            If anybody attacks then the battle may be fought here.
    •            Killing and striving is collective obligation so it has been commanded again and again in the plural form on each place.


    Last Limit Of Massacre

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –193 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

    And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrongdoers.

    Wa  qaatiluuhum  hatta  laa  takuunu  fitnatunw – wa  ya-kuunad-Diinu-lillaah.  Fa-‘ininta-haw  falaa  ‘udwaana  ‘illaa  ‘alaz-zaalimiin.


    Qaatiluuhum – (fight them) it may be signified towards all the Infidels, but the religious scholars have aimed only the Idolaters of Makkah, because here it appears the face of words toward them.

    Ad-Diinu – (the religion) this word is used for reward and punishment in Arabic, which means revenge, exchange. It has come for several meanings in the Holy Qur’an that is to say, revenge, exchange, the method of conception and action, the religion, the worship of the God Almighty and obedience etc.

    It has been commanded in this verse that waging a war should be continued against the infidel persecutors and the enemies of Islam till the time that persecution and mischief ends, Rule of God Almighty overcomes, nobody should have the power to oppose or attack without just cause on the Rule of Allah Almighty and if any person insults it then he should be punished properly and immediately.

    Islam desires that the Rule of God Almighty should be public and common. All the people believers of other religions may pass their lives satisfactorily at their own places. Places of worship and prayers, and religious stations may remain safe from their tyranny. No hindrance may be produced in the path of Islam. This is the only one form with which Peace may be maintained in the world. Otherwise persecution/mischief will use to raise its head always and the people may never remain in comfort. Islam has three options for it:

    1.   Invite the people to embrace Islam. If they agree to it, believe that God Almighty is One, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is the last Messenger of God Almighty and the Day of Resurrection, then Allah Almighty will forgive their evildoings and they will get all equal rights of the Muslims in the Islamic society.
  •  If the people are not ready to embrace Islam, however they promise to refrain its opposition, then they may remain fondly in the Islamic state. In this form it will be the responsibility of the Muslims to provide them protection and security.

  •   If they don’t agree to the above mentioned two options and continue to oppose the Rule of God Almighty, that is to say they become mad in selfishness then their decision should be finalized with the sword. Their punishment is not less than slaughter. Persecutors and enemies of the peace can never be forgiven.


    The Forbidden Months

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –194a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you.

    ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu  bish-Shahril-Haraami  wal-hurumaatu  qisaas.  Famani’-tadaa  ‘alaykum  fa’-taduu ‘alayhi  bi-misli  ma’-tadaa ‘alaykum.




    ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (The forbidden month) during the time of ignorance different tribes of the Arab used to fight always but they had settled this matter that the war would have been stopped during the following four months and this period would be passed with peace and truce. Near to them these four months were very sacred and reverent. These four months are:

    •  Muharram    –  first month of lunar calendar
    •  Rajjab            –  seventh month of lunar calendar
    •  Zii-Qa’dah         –  eleventh month of lunar calendar
    •  Zul-Hajjah    –  twelfth month of lunar calendar

    Descending situation (Shaani Nazuul) and historical background of this verse is told that the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) set on toward Makkah for the purpose of pilgrimage (Umrah) with His some Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) in the month of Zii-Qa’dah seventh Hirah calendar. But the Idolaters of Makkah became ready to fight against them. Moreover they began the archery and stoning. They didn’t care also this forbidden and sacred month. This verse indicates toward this month.

    The God Almighty commands that dignity and respect of any month can remain still the time that the other party also respects and honors. If it is no so then there is not any base of any forbidden month. If the opposite party doesn’t refrain from war also during the forbidden month, then you should also attack them in like manner as they attacked you. If they have not respected either the forbidden month or the forbidden place, or the Muslims have been dressed with Determination (‘Ih-raam), even then you should be ready and carry your weapons.

    Afterwards it has been proclaimed that if they have oppressed you not caring for all the forbidden matters then you should also reply them. Here the word a’-tadaa (attack him) has come because it is the usage in the Arabic language that which action requires punishment, the same word will be used for its punishment. That is to say ‘punish in answer and slaughter them’. It never aims that ‘you should oppress them also’.


    Allah Is With Those Who Ward Off (Evil)

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –194b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil)

    Wattaqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu ‘an-nallaaha  ma-‘al-Muttaqiin.




    ‘Attaqullaaha – (observe your duty to Allah, use to fear from God) order to fix upon the abstinence, control of the passions and God fearing has come again and again in the holy Qur’an that the person should have fear of God Almighty at the time of doing any work, should adopt abstinence, should control his passions, ward off bad manners, feel disgust from the sins, evildoing and devilishness. These all commands come under one sentence i.e. ‘Attaqullaaha. The origin of God fearing is very important in each field of the Muslim’s life. Till the time this thing does not manifest in the word and deed of the Muslim, his Islam can not become complete. Fear of God teaches him temperance, inclines towards the good deeds and takes away from the bad acts.

    It is 194th verse of Surah Al-Baqarah. We have recited ‘14’ times about Fear of God (Taqwa) up to this verse, particularly after the order about worship, after the remembrance of the children of Israel, after the mention of the principles of the code of morality, after the command regarding retaliation, after the sanction of bequest, after the order of fasting. (Taqwa) has been signified as ‘intended’ and ‘required’ by the mankind to be adopted on each place.

    Desiring it is being stated about lawful and unlawful in the Holy Qur’an, discussing the matters of marriage and divorce, telling the laws of the property and wealth of the orphans and the poor, debating about the distribution of heritage and bequest, clearing the principles of association and mutual social intercourse or enlightening on the matters of slaughter and strive, everywhere It shall teach the lesson of Taqwa (God fearing) and shall inform certain about its importance, utmost why?

    The mankind is page of passions, slave of feelings and servant of perceptions. At the time of doing each work he remains under its impression. He drops down for unjust instead of remaining on temperance and justice. Leaving the level brings him towards cruelty, violation of right, injustice and oppression. These all things are at very low level of a Muslim, so it is necessary that wishing he is earnest in any field of life, he should not leave the temperance from his hand.

    This lesson is taught to keep him on the level that he should keep in view the Existence of the God Almighty, His commands and attendance in His Court. He should consider that all the worldly property and valuables, respect and fame are casual. Real thing is the success near to Allah Almighty. So if any person has to face even some loss casually due to liking the justice, then he should bear it because God Almighty helps only the persons who have His fear and it is clear that the person who has been provided the support by Allah Almighty, there is none lucky, obedient and successful person more than him.


    Spend For The Cause Of God Almighty

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –195 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And spend your wealth for the Cause of Allah, and cast not (yourselves) by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth the beneficent.

    Wa ‘anfiquu fii  sabiilil-laahi  wa  laa  tulquu  bi-‘aydii-kum  ‘ilat-tahlukah.  Wa  ‘ahsinuuu  ‘innallaaha  yuhibbul-Muh-siniin.




    laa  tulquu  bi-‘aydii-kum  ‘ilat-tahlukah – (cast not (yourselves) by your own hands to ruin) there was the command about fighting and strive (qataal & jihaad) in the previous verses, and it has been ordered to spend the wealth for the cause of God Almighty before this sentence of this verse. As though it is the command of the God Almighty that whenever there is a need to strive for the country and nation, and the sacrifice of the wealth is required, don’t show the avarice, and don’t stop your hands to spend the wealth for the cause of Allah. If you will do so, then it will be like that you will cut your own feet, you will slaughter yourselves. Doing so, not only it will harm the nation and country, but the defeat of the nation will be your own defeat and the harm of the religion will be your decline.

    Some persons take its meaning wrong, “plunge not into the danger intentionally and don’t put your life into the risky affairs”. This motive is entirely not from this sentence, it is true, but neither there is situation of it and nor it has been mentioned here.

    Commanding for the fighting and the strive, it has been prescribed upon the Muslims in the earlier verses that they should sacrifice their lives in the way of God Almighty, fight the enemies of His religion to raise it. If the Idolaters and Infidels resist their work, then they should fight also against them and elevate upon them their swords to stop the cruelty. In this verse the God Almighty has ordered to spend their wealth for the Cause of Allah Almighty.

    Sacrifice of the lives is required to crush the enemies and to press the mischief and the rebellion, so that the soldiers of God Almighty plunge into the battlefield keeping their lives on their palms, with full excitement of Islam without caring of their death and slaughter, and strive for the only one purpose ‘Raising the name of Allah Almighty’. For this intention spending the wealth and property is needed at the second stage, so that the arms, weapons and equipment for the war may be bought, security may be provided to the left behind family members of the soldiers, necessities of life of the martyrs’ children and widows may be completed, eating and drinking items for the Army may be amassed and goods of ration may be stored in case of being besieged.

    ‘ahsinuuu – (do good) the meanings of ‘ih-saan (favour, kindness)  are “to do good behaviour and goodness”. It aims that what would you do, that should be done with good intention and sincerity. Don’t do any work only as bringing down the forced labour (taken without wages or remuneration) and paying debt. Also that nothing can become hindrance in the good behaviour during fighting and strive (qataal & jihaad). The Messenger of God Almighty preached so more for the good behaviour that while you begin to sacrifice the animal, and then do so that it feels the pain at the very least too.



    Standing Orders For Fighting And Strive

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    (Up to Verse –195 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)




    The orders regarding fighting and strive (Qataal  wa Jihaad) end on the verse – 195. After it the matter of Pilgrimage will start. It seems reasonable that the obligatory aspects of the fighting and strive, its terms and conditions should be stated briefly. Since the some misled persons are apparent totally as Deniers of the fighting on one side and on the other side our enemy historians particularly the western authors defame the Muslims and Islam narrating the strive as only beating and bawl out, slaughter and plundering, and religious bloody fight.

    Now we are going to discuss the matter numerically in the light of the verses upto 195 of Surah Al-Baqarah:

    •  Fight for the cause of Allah Almighty.(190)
    •  Fight with only the persons who fight with you (190), in other words don’t fight with the people who like peace and love that is to say the children, the women, the ailing, the excusable and unarmed people.
    •  Don’t intensify; God Almighty doesn’t like the persons who oppress. (190).
    •  Slay them wherever ye find the enemy in the battlefield (191); remember that this order is only for the situation of war and not during peace time.
    •  Drive your enemies out of the areas whence they drove you out (191).
    •  Try neither to make mischief/disturbance and quarrel, nor let any person to do this. The persecution is worse than slaughter (190).
    •  You can fight only against the persons at the Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjidil-Haraam) (Khana Ka’ba) who fight there otherwise you can’t.(191)
    •  If the enemy desists from the war then stop it (192).
    •  Fight until the sedition/persecution is no more and the Religion of God Almighty excels. (192)
    •  Let there be no hostility except against the wrongdoers (193).
    •  Respect the Forbidden Months and stop fighting during these months (194).
    •  Observe your duty to God Almighty and know that Allah Almighty is with those who ward off (evil) (194).
    •  Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah Almighty. If you will not do so, then you will cast yourselves by your own hands to ruin. (195).
    •  Do good and honouring. Lo! Allah Almighty loves the beneficent. (195)

    Think about all above. Which point is against the wisdom, justice and nobility out of them?


    The Pilgrimage

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196a of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And perform the Pilgrimage

    Wa  ‘atimmul-Hajja




    ‘Al-Hajja – it is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is the duty of every that person to perform the Pilgrimage once in the life who has power to do it. Otherwise he/she will be the sinner. The Pilgrimage is performed on Ninth Zul-Hajjah (last month) of Islamic Calendar year. At first all the Muslims gather in Makkah city to visit the Inviolable Place of Worship (Khana Ka’-ba), then unite in the Arafat Field.

    The matters relating to the Fighting and Strive have been discussed before the orders regarding Pilgrimage and after the verses of the Pilgrimage in this Surah. It is revealed clearly that ‘how much deep relation have these both matters with each other’. There is none Pillar of Islam in which aim of the National Social Welfare, Improvement and Prosperity, and Exaltation has not been mentioned in addition to Personal Goodness and Purity.

    Especial thing which belongs to the Pilgrimage is that all the Muslims out of the entire world unite once a year in the Centre of Islam. There is no difference between ups and downs. Black and White, Rich and Poor, King and Beggar, Scholar and Uneducated, Young and Old, they all stand at the same place mixing shoulder with shoulders and saying with one tone the same words, “Lab-baika  Allaahumma  Lab-baika  Lab-baika  Laa  Shariika  laka Lab-baika  ‘Innal  Hamda  wan-na’-mata  Laka  wal-Mulk  Laa Shariika lak”  (I am present, O Allah! I am present, I am present – there is no partner of Thee, I am present. Lo! Praise and Blessing is of Thee, and Sovereignty, there is no co-sharer of Thee).

    Every Pilgrim fastens determination dress (‘Ihraam). It contains two un-sewn (cotton) sheets – for each Pilgrim this same kind of dress declares equality, simplicity, friendship and Love for God Almighty. During the Pilgrimage to get shaved the head, cut the nails, hunting and intercourse with one’s wife are prohibited. As though the object to refrain from the wishes, physical elegance and dressing is to get a permanent training.

    All the Pilgrims unite at the stipulated time in the Arafaat Field on the day of Pilgrimage, listen to the Speech (Address of the Pilgrimage), Pray in the court of God Almighty, get forgiven their sins and collect treasures of the Mercy and Kindness of Allah Almighty.

    Then they sacrifice the animals in the Minaa’,  throw pebbles at Jamaraat, go round the Holy Shrine (the Inviolable Place of Worship – Khana Ka’-ba), Kiss the Black Stone (Hajri Aswad), quench the thirst with Aabi Zamzam (the water of a sacred well at Khana Ka’-ba), do the Endeavour (Sa-ii) between Safaa’ and Marwah (hills), use to stop all kinds of evildoing, sins and bad inherent, as though after getting forgiven their sins they are starting their lives’ accounts from the beginning today.

    Fortunate are those persons who are bestowed with the chance of Pilgrimage and they performed it, understood its objects and passed their remaining lives with goodness and chastity.           



    Some Orders For Hajj And Umrah

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And perform the Visit (Umrah) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such offering as can be obtained with ease,

    Wal-‘umrata  lillaah. Fa-‘in  ‘uh-sir-tum  famas-taysara  minal-hady.




    ‘Al-‘umrata – (Umrah) it is also named as little Pilgrimage. Instructions for performing the Umrah are just like the Pilgrimage also. However there is no restriction of the days of Pilgrimage for performing the Umrah. It can be performed any time. Secondly its rituals and traditions also are less than the Pilgrimage.

    Lillaah – (for Allah, for God Almighty) perform the Pilgrimage (Hajj) and Umrah (Visit) for the sake of Allah Almighty, keep your intention pure and take care honestly those customs and orders which have been prescribed by God Almighty, escape yourself from the matters which are prohibited, otherwise sake of God will remain no more.

    In reality all the deeds and intentions should be for the pleasure of Allah Almighty but it has been emphasized here particularly that the journey involves with the Pilgrimage and the Visit (Hajj and Umrah) in which a lot of good and bad objects, Cruises and Entertainment can join easily. So it is necessary that your first object should not be any other except to delight the God Almighty. Travel and entertainment will become automatically. Trade is permitted; you can get advantage of it. But you can neither make the trade – the purpose of Pilgrimage (Hajj) nor can deal with dishonestly and theft, these are not allowed.

    ‘uh-sir-tum – (if you are prevented) this word is derived from Ihsaar, whose literal meanings are to be surrounded or encaged. Whether this surrounding would be due to any reason, here it means ‘the person who intends to perform the Pilgrimage but can’t reach the designation because of either any illness or enemy would have blocked his way or any seasonal or other stoppage would have intervened.

    Hady  (sacrifice) the literal meanings are ‘the offer’ which would be sent for the Khana Ka’ba, here its meaning is the animals required to be sacrificed during the Pilgrimage.

    In this verse Allah Almighty has ordered the Muslims that there should be only one object to be intended i.e. the worship along with the Pilgrimage and Visit (Hajj and Umrah) that is for pleasure and willingness of Allah Almighty. Neither the play nor show should be intended from this journey, nor travel and entertainment. But the Rules which Allah Almighty has explained, those should be acted upon. Allah almighty has kept some exemption too in this order for excusable people. May be a person wears ‘Ih-raam (Determination Dress) for Hajj and Umrah but unfortunately he would either become ill in the way or any other difficulty or problem happens. For example either he doesn’t find the way or doesn’t remain the provision for his journey etc. In all these situations he has been commanded that he should send the animal to sacrifice to the BaitUllah by anyone else according to his submission.


    Instruction About Shaving The Head

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196c of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And shave not your heads until the offering has reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or alms-giving or offering.

    Wa  laa  tah-liquu  ru-‘uusakum  hattaa  yablugal-hadyu  mahil-lah.  Faman-kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘awbihiii  ‘azam-mir-ra’-sihii  fa-fidyatum-min-  siyaa-min ‘aw  sadaqatin  ‘aw  nusuk. 




    Nusuk – (offering) literally it means sacrifice. Here it aims to sacrifice in the pathway of God Almighty, which should not be less than a goat and it is better if a cow or camel is sacrificed.

    Mahil-lah – (its destination) that is to say, the place of sacrifice which signifies toward the Bayt-Ullaah (Makkah).

    Islam is a natural religion. Its Commands have been legislated entirely according to the nature of human beings. Each person’s qualities and weaknesses have been kept in sight in Islam. His needs and desires have been considered. The matters which were necessary for evaluation, promotion and success of the mankind, those have been prescribed compulsory and needful. Which things were not useful for the life and object of the mankind, have been fixed unlawful and forbidden.

    Primary part of the verse is Appendix of the order of Muh-sir (who has been prevented) recitation of which was begun in the previous verse. It was stated up to the point that the person who has fastened the Determination Dress (Ih-raam) for Pilgrimage or Visit (Hajj or Umrah) and any objection/excuse has been happened for him in the pathway that he can’t perform the Hajj or Umrah, then he should send the animal to sacrifice toward BaytUllah (Khana Ka’-ba). This Order has been finalized in this verse stating that till the time this animal doesn’t reach the Haram and is not sacrificed there, this person (Muh-sir) can’t shave his head; it means that he can’t open the Ihraam.

    Common Orders Regarding Hajj


    Allah Almighty has set another concession for the excusable/disabled persons in the command of Hajj. That is to say the person who can’t obey the order of shaving his head during the time of Hajj, for example he is compelled not to shave his head due to either any disease or any other cause, then either he should keep the fasts for three days as its ransom so that his spirit may remain pure from the rebellion or he should give 1-3/4 KG wheat (at the scale of Sadaqah Fitr – Alms – Fitranah) to the six poor persons so that he may not fall back from the pathway of God Almighty due to non obeying the first command or he should sacrifice an animal.


    Sacrifice During Hajj And Umrah

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196d of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with Visit (Umrah) for the Pilgrimage (shall give) such offering as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such offering), then a fast of three days while on the Pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in all.

    Fa-‘izaaa  ‘amintum, faman-  tamatta-‘a  bil- ‘Um-rati  ‘ilal-Hajji famastaysara  minal-hady.  Famal-lam  yajid  fa-siyaamu  salaasati ‘ayyaamin-  fil-Hajji  wa sab-‘atin  ‘izaa  raja’-tum. Tilka  ‘asharatun-  kaamilah.   




    Amintum – (you are in safety) that is to say whenever you come in safety and peace out of the situations of danger and disease.

    Tamatta-‘a – (get benefit) in the sense of religious theology it aims to perform the Pilgrimage and Visit (Hajj and Umrah) joining the both, namely performing Umrah duly fastened with ‘Ihraam during the times of Pilgrimage and then with another ‘Ihraam the Pilgrimage Hajj) is performed. During the time of Ignorance the Arabs had invented this false belief that it was sin to perform the Umrah in the season of Pilgrimage.

     ‘Izaa  raja’-tum – (whenever you return) it signifies that while you return after the completion of the Rituals of Pilgrimage, whether the Pilgrim is staying still in Makkah and he has not yet returned to his native country. However some scholars have taken the meanings of this narration that whenever you reach your home from Makkah.

    This order is for that Pilgrim in this verse, who wishes to perform the both (Hajj and Umrah) in the season of Pilgrimage. It is called Tamatta’ or Qir’aan. This type of Pilgrim is required to sacrifice either one goat or seventh share out of the cow or camel. This sacrifice is not required by that Pilgrim who performs only Pilgrimage and he doesn’t perform the Umrah with It. Those persons who perform the Pilgrimage Tamatta’ or Qir’aan but they can’t attain the sacrifice due to poorness or any other strong reason, then it is compulsory for them to fast for ten days, three during the days of Pilgrimage which are finished on the ninth Zul-Hajjah (the Day of ‘Arafah) and seven after reaching the native land. This expiation has been fixed in the shape of fasting due to the reason that while any person is unable to obey the command of God Almighty then his spirit may not bring him towards the rebellion or disobedience. So he should keep the fasts so that his spirit may remain pure and his intention remains good.


    Description Of The Order Of Sacrifice

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –196e of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)


    That is for him whose folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship. And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Severe in punishment.

    Zaalika  limal-lam  yakun  ‘ah-luhuu  haa-ziril-Masjidil-Haraam.  Watta-qullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  Shadiidul- ‘iqaab.




    Zaalika – (this) it is a demonstrative pronoun and it signifies towards the matter of previous verse, namely Tamatta’ (to perform Hajj and Umrah duly joined). Aim of the verse is that the permission to gain the Hajj and Umrah duly joined is only for the foreigners, not for the residents of Makkah.

    Haa-ziril-Masjidil-Haraam – (the folk who are present at the Inviolable Place of Worship, the persons who live near the Khana Ka’-ba). It means the entire natives of Makkah and its vicinity. That is to say, all people living with in the limits of Meeqaat.

    Meeqaat – that place is called Meeqaat from where the limits of Haram begin and it is required to intend for Hajj and Umrah, and fasten (wear) the (dress of) ‘Ihraam reaching there. Meeqaat is separate in various directions for the persons coming for performing the Hajj in the Inviolable Place of Worship from all around the world.

    Watta-qullaaha – (observe your duty to Allah) that is to say, keep the concept of presence and fear of the God Almighty in front because foundation of all the goodness is this Piety. Think once again that God-fearing is being demanded after every command/order.

    Shadiidul- ‘iqaab – (severe in punishment) the Scholars of the religion say that the word Shadiid (severe) has been used particularly here with ‘Iqaab (the punishment) for the reason that ‘as any person acts goodness at the very Sacred Place i.e. the Inviolable Place of Worship (BaytUllah), he gets more reward, likewise if he commits any sin after reaching here, then he will also be punished more severely due to Sacred Place respectively.

    It is the condition for that concession which was given in the previous lesson. The concession was, “If the people wish to perform the Hajj and Umrah duly united then they can do so. However they would have to sacrifice according to their power. Permission for uniting the Hajj and Umrah is only for those persons who are not the residents of Makkah and its surrounding villages”. With this Order it has been declared again that the real thing is the God-fearing. It is necessary to keep in sight at the time of obeying each order, performing any duty/worship and pleasure of the God Almighty, because purpose of the entire Orders/Commands is purity of the spirit/soul and completion of the morality/manners. These are the highest orders and Commands from the God Almighty on which foundation of the Islamic life is standing. If any body will try to change or deny them then the God Almighty will punish him severely.      



    Duration Of Hajj And Moral Limits

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –197a of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    The Pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and whoever is minded to perform the Pilgrimage therein (let him remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness nor abuse nor angry conversation on the Pilgrimage.

    ‘Al-Hajju  ‘ash-hurum-ma’- luumaat.  Faman- faraza  fiihin-nal- Hajja  falaa  rafasa  wa  laa fusuuqa,  wa  laa jidaala  fil-Hajj.




    ‘Ash-hur – (the months) Shawwal, Zii-qadah and ten days of Dhul-Hijjah (three months of Lunar Calendar) have been set for Hajj (Pilgrimage). Actual members of the Hajj are performed during the second week of Dhul-Hijjah. But the ‘Ihraam is begun (to be tied) two months in advance from the month of Shawwal. The ‘Ihraam (Determination) is the Dress which is required to be worn by each Pilgrim at the time of entering into the limits of Haram (Meeqaat). This Dress is two unstitched sheets.

    Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifah (God’s Mercy be upon him) says, “The Pilgrim can tie the ‘Ihraam as and when he wishes. But it is disapproved for the Pilgrimage before the month of Shawwal”. Near to him (God’s Mercy be upon him) it is also lawful to tie the ‘Ihraam before Shawwal because it is not the member of the Hajj but only a condition for the Pilgrimage.

    Faraza  fiihin-nal- Hajja – (while anybody is minded to perform the Pilgrimage therein) that is to say, someone has intended to perform the Pilgrimage during the season of Hajj and has done over himself proper the Pilgrimage. Practical Sign for (must have to perform) the Hajj is to tie the ‘Ihraam (Determination Dress).

    Rafasa – (to be lewdness with the woman) here it means, “To talk specified conversation with the wife in the private chamber”.

    Fusuuqa  – (abuse, depravity, immorality, sensuality, debauch) it aims all types of sins, little or big.

    Jidaala – (angry conversation, quarrel, beating, argument, dispute, to call names and to accost with impolite words).

    Some necessary commands regarding Pilgrimage have been prescribed in this verse. The months of Hajj have been fixed and three matters have been told to refrain from them during this period:

    •  Sensual intercourse and lewdness with one’s wife is entirely forbidden, as far as the sensual thoughts are also prohibited to be brought on the tongue. As it has been ordered to abstain from some lawful matters during the fasting, likewise it has been commanded also to keep up the cleanliness and chastity during the tenure of Hajj.
    •  Every person should refrain from the little and big sins. It is clear that while many lawful acts become unlawful in the form of ‘Ihraam (Determination) then it was necessary to instruct strictly for holding back from the other sins.
    •  It should be temperate from all kinds of quarrels. The people of all ages, all kind manners and all temperaments come from all parts of the world at the time of Pilgrimage. During these types of situations anybody can incline towards the sinfulness and strives. So the God Almighty forbade in advance from all these matters, so that the chastity and endurance power may grow into the Muslims.


     Provision For The Journey Of Hajj

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –197b of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    And whatsoever good ye do Allah knoweth it. And make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for the best provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep your duty unto Me, O men of understanding.

    Wa  maa  taf—‘aluu  min  khay-riny-ya’-lam-hullaah.  Wa  tazaw-waduu  fa-‘inna  khay-razzaadit-taqwaa. Wattaquuni  yaaa-‘ulil-‘al-baab.




    It was the Custom in the Arabs during the times of ignorance that while they used to proceed for performing the Pilgrimage, they did not take the requisites of the journey, used to go Penniless and begged from the people in the pathway. It was considered the sign of grandeur near to them. Even some persons used to spend lavishly their entire capital at the time of departing for the Pilgrimage. They had invented this false practice themselves intentionally. Anyhow it was not the part of the worship. This thing is Not acceptable to the God Almighty because doing so, the others have to lift the burden.

    God Almighty commanded, “Make provision for yourselves (amount according to your necessities for the hereafter) at the time of proceeding to perform the Pilgrimage. And don’t put your burden upon any other person”. Allah Almighty knows your intentions and minds. He doesn’t like outward exhibition and shaped purity. So if you will bring the provisions for journey then it is not the matter of sin and is not against the goodness.

    There is no doubt in it that the real thing is to ward off evil, that is to say, naturally keeping away from the badness and being inclined towards the goodness, so we should use to have fear of God Almighty always.

    To ward of evils means that we should obey all the Orders of God Almighty with complete sincerity, honesty and obedience. Every work should be done for His pleasure. In each trouble, pain, calamity, distress and misfortune, only He should be supposed as The Supporter and only He should be called for the salvation. He should also be thanked in ease, comfort and rest. Every work should be started and finished with His (God Almighty) name. We should seek His help in all the fields of life. Only the lawful methods should be chosen for deciding all the matters and should refrain from the forbidden things. We should keep in view the fear of God Almighty each time.

    It is the ‘ward off evil” about which it has been ordered again and again in the Holy Qur’an, that it has much more importance in the life of a Muslim. The human life fills with hopelessness, distress and failure due to forgetting it. So the human being should try every time to attain perfection in the “Fear of God Almighty” (Taqwaa). The Pilgrimage is the best source to produce the (Taqwaa).


    Worldly Advantages

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –198a of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    It is no sin for you that ye seek the bounty of your Lord (by trading).

    Laysa  ‘alaykum  junaahun  ‘an-  tab-taguu  fazlam-mir-Rab-bikum.




    Fazlan – (the Bounty of the Lord) literally it means excessive, too much, more. Here it signifies towards the profit from trading, business, wealth and property. This word has been used in these meanings many times in the Holy Qur’an.

    A Companion of the Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Ibn Abbas (God Almighty be pleased with him) says that during the times of Ignorance ‘Akkaaz, Majnah and Zul-Majaaz were very heavy markets. In the days of Pilgrimage the trade was tried to strive the bargain at high level. After embracing Islam the people considered that it is not reasonable to do business during the days of Hajj. They thought that the merchants who either bring their trade items to the bazaars of Minaa and Makkah or camel drivers who bring their camels to Muzdalfah, Arfaat and Minaa for selling, their Hajj is not accepted because where trade has entered, there is no worship anymore. Allah Almighty revealed this verse to remove this misunderstanding and cleared this thing till the Last Day (Resurrection Day) that Islam is not against the wealth, property and the world but It is against the acts which make the person careless from thinking about the religion and the Doomsday.

    As Islam is the Guarantor of prosperity and success of the Day of Resurrection, likewise It desires also the people’s worldly prosperity and welfare. And this characteristic exists in Its each worship. Even the parts of Ablution, Prayers, Congregational Prayers, Fasting, Zakaah (Poor-due) and Hajj increase the human’s worldly, material, physical, economical and political prosperity and welfare along with increasing his spiritual power.

    The Muslims, who come from far away areas for Hajj move by land routes and by sea. The People of Islamic nation get together from different parts of the world. At this occasion there can be gotten uncountable economical and commercial benefits. Keeping in view these things the Holy Qur’an permitted it that the Pilgrims’ real purpose of this Visit should be only the Hajj and if they do some trade also along with then it is not any wrong thing or sin. However it is necessary that the trade shouldn’t become the mean.

    Saying the sentence of mir-Rab-bikum it has also been told that which livelihood or benefits you get, these aren’t the result of your personal efforts or labour. It is only the Bounty of Allah Almighty. He gives you with His blessing. Therefore, keep in mind during trading and business that whatever benefits you will get, it is from the God Almighty.

    Each that work which a person does according to the orders of God Almighty and doesn’t disobey His any command, Islam counts it worship and doesn’t say it against the religion. The things, from which Islam prohibits, are hoarding, raising prices, unlawful trading and illegal business.



    ‘Arafat And The Sacred Monument

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –198b of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    But when ye return from ‘Arafat, remember Allah by the Sacred Monument.

    Fa-‘izaaa  ‘afaztum-min  ‘Arafaatin-  fazkurullaaha  ‘in-dal-  Mash-‘aril-Haraam.




    ‘Afaztum – (you return) this word has come out from the word ‘Afaazah which means ‘Walk from pool and pool or come back’. Technically it signifies returning from ‘Arafat to Muzdalfah.

    ‘Arafaatin – (‘Arafat) the road which leads from Makkah to the east towards Taif, there is a plain in the area of several miles situated twelve miles from Makkah Mo-‘azmah. That is called ‘Arafat. There is also a hill in this plain, which is also named ‘Arafat. Its height is two hundred yards from the earth level. During the entire year this plain remains vacant but on the ninth Zul-Hijjah it becomes in full bloom on arrival of the Pilgrims.

    The Pilgrims reach the Minaa till afternoon on eighth of the Zul-Hijjah and on the next day on ninth Zul-Hijjah at the time of rising sun they travel towards the ‘Arafat, they reach the ‘Arafat at the time of afternoon. Till the time of Asar (before sunset) the Pilgrims have to remain there. Technically this stay is called Wuquuf. The presence in this plain is the most important work of the Pilgrimage. The entire period should be passed in begging mercy or grace, repentance, penitence and remembrance of God Almighty during the stay in the Plain of ‘Arafat. While the sun is near to set, then the Pilgrims should depart towards Muzdalfah (the Sacred Monument). Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers are offered in the afternoon jointly in the Nimrah Masjid of ‘Arafat on that day, and Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’ are offered after returning to Muzdalfah at the time of ‘Ishaa’.

    ‘Al- Mash-‘aril-Haraam – (the Sacred Monument) Mash-‘ar

    means the sign or emblem and the word Haraam discloses its dignity. It is that particular place which is situated between the two hills of Muzdalfah. However the entire Muzdalfah is also called the Sacred Monument (Mash-‘aril-Haraam).

    Muzdalfah  It is at the distance of six miles from Makkah Mo-‘azmah. There is a direct pathway from Minaaa to ‘Arafat and the Pilgrims proceed to ‘Arafat from that way on ninth Zul-Hijjah. But on return from ‘Arafat it is prescribed to use the other pathway. The Muzdalfah is situated on that pathway. The Caravans of the Pilgrims stay here at night and pass their entire time in the Masjid over the hill offering prayers, worshiping, begging mercy, repentance, penitence and remembrance of God Almighty.

    There are three Duties to be observed compulsorily out of all the acts of Pilgrimage:

    1.     To tie the ‘Ihraam

    2.   To be present in ‘Arafat on ninth Zul-Hijjah which is also called Wuquuf


    3.   To go round the Holy Shrine (Tawaaf of Khana Ka’-ba) – it is the most important action out of the three acts. It has been told in this verse that while you return from the ‘Arafat, then remember Allah Almighty during the stay at Muzdalfah begging mercy, repentance and remain busy in worshiping the God Almighty.     


    Praying And Worship Of God Almighty 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –198c of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    Remember Him as He hath guided you, although before ye were of those astray.

    Waz-kuruuhu  kamaa hadaakum.  Wa  ‘in- kuntum-min- qablihii la-minaz-zaalliin.




    ‘Az-zaalliin – (the Ignorants) this word is plural of Zaal which commonly means astray people. But it is also used for the indolent; careless and negligent.

    Zikr means remembrance, recitation, memory; prayer; talk and mention. Here it means the worship of Allah Almighty.

    It has been told in this verse, “Remember and worship the God Almighty in the manners which have been commanded by His Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)”. It is the strict sin to invent the methods of worship at one’s own and to establish the new forms ignoring the Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). It remained heavy attack of the Satan to mislead the world and the people of the world that he puts them into disorder from the straight path to self invented methods. The people were involved in uncountable customs, traditions and false beliefs also during the period of the Ignorance. They used to suppose that their self invented particular methods may be the cause of nearness of the God Almighty. But this verse of the Holy Qur’an has refuted completely these depravities and misunderstandings.

    The Holy Qur’an has also cleared using the word ‘Az-zaalliin that till the time the mankind will not get guidance from the Light sent by Allah Almighty, make not His Revelation one’s own torch of the path and doesn’t settle His revealed Teachings as the foundation of one’s own actions, he will remain ignorant and astray. Wishing he tries to seek any path with his full endeavor, invents a lot of methods of the  worship of what sort, thinks the forms of the prayers, but all these things will bring him towards the depravity. The real method is only that, which is ordered by the God Almighty. So each self made by any person’s plan will be false and acting upon it will bring towards the deviation.

    Holy Qur’an is the best Guide to reach the destination. The Talks mentioned in This Book are commanded by the God Almighty Who is the Wise, the Discerning, the Present, the Inspector, the Mild, the Philosopher, the Creator and the Lord Almighty. He knows well our necessities, for it He shows us the Pathway with His Vast knowledge, which is Easy and Straight. We should believe that Path reliable and leave all other manners invented by the human beings.


    Command About Equation 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –199 of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    Then hasten on from the place from where the other people return, and ask forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

    Summa  ‘afiizuu min  hay-su ‘afaazan-naasu  was-tag-fi-rullaah.  ‘Innallaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.




    Before Islam the Quresh were guards of the Inviolable Place (BaytUllaah) during the period of ignorance and they used to say themselves Hams due to this reason. The common people used to stay in the plain of ‘Arafat during the days of Pilgrimage. But the Quresh used to remain till Muzdalfah because the Muzdalfah is within the limits of Haram and the ‘Arafat is out of its limits. They used to suppose that it was against their dignity and honour to proceed out of the limits of the Haram and contrary to the religious virtue to meet the public there. The Holy Qur’an refuted this false conception of theirs’. Allah Almighty has removed here these two main mistakes in which the world remained involved always, today too many people are involved in it after so much improvement.

    1.        National distinction and the racial superiority is nothing. The entire mankinds are equal and uniform near to Allah Almighty. If there is any thing valuable in the Sight of Allah Almighty, that is fear of God and abstinence. So equation is compulsory, and it will be possible at that time while all the national and racial distinctions are removed and the persons of each race and color are dealt with equal behavior.

    2.      Destruction and ruin of the nations begin at the time when the relation between educated persons, the people of higher level and the public does not remain. They stop to meat each other, while the educated people need strength and energy for their help. But when they will break their relation with the common people, will not mix up with them then gradually they will be ruined automatically. And it should not be forgotten that the public needs guidance and the antidotes every time. While they will not have any guide then they will go astray. Even then there will be no difference between them and animals.

    Allah Almighty says in this verse that all the people will settle at one place and they will return from that place. As though, there will be no distinction and difference between them. Allah Almighty also commands, “Beg for pardon of your sins. Renounce and beg for mercy and forgiveness. Promise that you will remain away from the wrong-doings”. Allah Almighty will forgive your sins and faults. He is the Forgiving and the Merciful.

    Here I am




    After The Hajj Devotions 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –200a of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    And when ye have completed your devotions, then remember Allaah as ye remember your fathers or with a more lively remembrance.

    Fa-‘izaa  qa-zaytum-ma-naasika-kum  faz-kurullaaha  kazikrikum-  ‘aabaaa-‘akum  ‘aw  ‘ashadda  zikraa.




    Qa-zaytum – (you have completed) this word has derived from the word Qazaa which means ‘to obey, to have completed, to carry out’ particularly after adoration (worship).

    Ma-naasika-kum – (devotions of the Pilgrimage) ma-naasik means those customs and worship which belong to the Pilgrimage. In addition to ma-naasik these are also called Sha-‘aaa-‘ir (the Signs). This peculiar character is used only for Hajj Devotions.

    It was the rule during the period of ignorance that the Pilgrims used to remain assembled in the plain of Minaa up to three days (10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah after completion of the Pilgrimage, mention about their tribes and ancestors, talk about their greatnesses and virtues. They used to assert proudly their dynasty magnificence. What is the advantage of mentioning grandeur of the ancestors?

    Allah Almighty gives excellence and grandeur to the human being; He is the Creator of the entire creatures, the Lord for bringing up, bestowing the wisdom, understanding and knowledge, intelligence, philosophy, nobility and greatness, so all kinds of praises and admirations should be peculiar for Him. Except Him singing songs of grandeur and greatness for any other person or thing and grading them as the worshipped is equal to the plurality.

    As you see that from where the recitation regarding the Pilgrimage has begun, from there it has been pressing on equation, fear of God Almighty, control of the passions, humility and purification of the soul continuously. It is being preached again and again for the remembrance of God Almighty, worship, repentance and begging mercy or grace. All persons are commanded to wear one kind of dress at the time of entering the limits of Haram. Then some lawful works are forbidden, which might intervene in this pathway. Many pleasant and favourite matters have been refrained. It has been ordered to say “Lab-baika  Allaahumma  Lab-baika  Lab-baika  Laa  Shariika  laka Lab-baika  ‘Innal  Hamda  wan-na’-mata  Laka  wal-Mulka  Laa Shariika laka”  (Here I am, O Allah! Here I am, here I am – there is no partner for You, Here I am. Verily all praise for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner) at each step. It has been admonished to remember successive the God Almighty. This characteristic of the worship is found only in Islam.

    We should listen these orders, commands and instructions of Allah Almighty with close attention, act upon them, modify our lives, abstain from the unlawful and illegal things, elevate His mention, invite the people towards the right path, grow God-fearing in ourselves, and establish an example becoming live pattern of advisable acts and good manners for the nations of the entire world.

    And perform the Pilgrimage

    Wa  ‘atimmul-Hajja


    And perform the Visit (Umrah) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such offering as can be obtained with ease,

    Wal-‘umrata  lillaah. Fa-‘in  ‘uh-sir-tum  famas-taysara  minal-hady.


    And shave not your heads until the offering has reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or alms-giving or offering.

    Wa  laa  tah-liquu  ru-‘uusakum  hattaa  yablugal-hadyu  mahil-lah.  Faman-kaana  minkum-mariizan  ‘awbihiii  ‘azam-mir-ra’-sihii  fa-fidyatum-min-  siyaa-min ‘aw  sadaqatin  ‘aw  nusuk. 




    Nusuk – (offering) literally it means sacrifice. Here it aims to sacrifice in the pathway of God Almighty, which should not be less than a goat and it is better if a cow or camel is sacrificed.

    Mahil-lah – (its destination) that is to say, the place of sacrifice which signifies toward the Bayt-Ullaah (Makkah).

    Islam is a natural religion. Its Commands have been legislated entirely according to the nature of human beings. Each person’s qualities and weaknesses have been kept in sight in Islam. His needs and desires have been considered. The matters which were necessary for evaluation, promotion and success of the mankind, those have been prescribed compulsory and needful. Which things were not useful for the life and object of the mankind, have been fixed unlawful and forbidden.

    Primary part of the verse is Appendix of the order of Muh-sir (who has been prevented) recitation of which was begun in the previous verse. It was stated up to the point that the person who has fastened the Determination Dress (Ih-raam) for Pilgrimage or Visit (Hajj or Umrah) and any objection/excuse has been happened for him in the pathway that he can’t perform the Hajj or Umrah, then he should send the animal to sacrifice toward BaytUllah (Khana Ka’-ba). This Order has been finalized in this verse stating that till the time this animal doesn’t reach the Haram and is not sacrificed there, this person (Muh-sir) can’t shave his head; it means that he can’t open the Ihraam.

    Common Orders Regarding Hajj


    Allah Almighty has set another concession for the excusable/disabled persons in the command of Hajj. That is to say the person who can’t obey the order of shaving his head during the time of Hajj, for example he is compelled not to shave his head due to either any disease or any other cause, then either he should keep the fasts for three days as its ransom so that his spirit may remain pure from the rebellion or he should give 1-3/4 KG wheat (at the scale of Sadaqah Fitr – Alms – Fitranah) to the six poor persons so that he may not fall back from the pathway of God Almighty due to non obeying the first command or he should sacrifice an animal.





    Desirous Of The World 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –200b of 286, Section – 25 (Part  – 2)


    But of mankind are those who say: “Our Lord! Give unto us in the world,” and they have no portion in the Hereafter.

    Fa-‘minan-naasi  many-yaquulu  Rabbanaaa  ‘aatinaa  fid-dunyaa  wa  maa lahuu  fil-‘Aakhirati  min  khalaaq.




    Some persons are found in the world on which lust of the world is so overcoming that they deem it only their perfect object. Near to them greatest success is to get material benefits more and more, put up in a heap of the gold and money, collect the wealth, influence and riches. They become blind in its quest. These desirous persons sacrifice their Hereafter and good end in this effort after falling into the trap of greediness and avarice.

    Those people are involved in this disease who are mean in morality, impure in the affairs, selfish in their behaviors, deniers of the Doomsday and insane for the casual advantages. They look only the nearby profits always and ignore the durable results. They remain wishing of this thing in each deal from which they may get fruit immediately. They have no strength of patience and endurance. So they become too much cheerful in this effort and try that if they either do worship or beg also from the God Almighty or do any good work too then also in it they wish to get worldly advantages.

    They call Allah Almighty only for the purpose that He should put up in a pile of the wealth and complete their material necessities. They take part in Jihad only for getting booty, perform the Pilgrimage only for folding up the commercial benefits, offer prayers and pay the poor-due to acquire confidence of the people and gain profit unlawfully from it. Near to them the Paradise and blessings of the Hereafter is nothing. They suppose the Resurrection Day as a useless faith. They think that the indisputable Life after death will never happen. They don’t believe on reward or punishment against good or bad deeds. The life is only in this world according to them and the success is only the worldly success.

    They are involved in open depravity. They have chosen the manner of infidelity and hypocrisy. While it is the fact that this world is only abridged part of our successive lives. Remaining and forever life will become our fortune only after death. That life will be fruit of our good or bad acts which we shall do in this world. The life of Hereafter is eternal, durable, unchangeable and without end. Real success is that life’s rest and success. We should strengthen our world’s lives so, that it becomes stairs of success for our future lives (of Hereafter).


    Seekers Of The World And The Hereafter 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –201 of 286, Section – 25 (Part  Ist Half of – 2)


    And of them (also) are those who say: “Our Lord! Give unto us in the world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and guard us from the Doom of Fire.”

    Wa  minhum-many-yaquulu  Rabbanaaa  ‘aatinaa  fid-dunyaa  hasanatanw-wa  fil-‘Aa-khirati  hasanatanw-wa  qinaa  ‘azzban-Naar.




    In the previous verse recitation was about the persons who desire only the world (money, gold, wealth and property). As they don’t deny Allah Almighty, also don’t believe entirely the Hereafter. Their begging, prayers and requests remain limited only for improvement of this material world. Their intention of worship is only to get the advantages of the world. God Almighty told this punishment for them that they will not gain any kind of future reward of virtues on the Doomsday because what they wish and for which they try, they will get in the world. Now while they have gotten their object in the world then any thing will not come into their hands during the Hereafter.

    In this lesson it has been stated about those Believers who have sound thought and right character, who believe on Hereafter, near to them the Day of Resurrection and Implementation mistakes will surely happen. So their sight is not only on the world but that is also on the Doomsday. So they don’t want only the world turning from the Hereafter and don’t do those works with which they may get advantages only for the world but reward for the Hereafter is removed. They consider about the good results in the matters, behaviors and social lives.

    It has been disclosed from the word hasanatan that the Believer is the Seeker of the Good and the Excellence of the world and the Hereafter. In the world he begs for power to do good acts. He demands strength and ability for good actions and deeds through prayers and worship and begs for good fruit of his good acts in the Hereafter. He goes away taking the both (the World and the Hereafter) with him. He does higher courtesy and fine affairs, and makes provision for the Hereafter, and prays from the God Almighty, “Guard me from the Fire of Hell, make room for me in the Paradise and bestow me the success”. It is the standard of the best person that he keeps in view the world and the Hereafter in his life and the affairs of his life, and uses to fear from the Doom of Hell.

    Bear in mind that Islam has told the competition of the world and the Hereafter but has not coped the religion and the world. Blessed are those persons who pass their lives likewise decorating along-with their Hereafter.


    Deeds Will Be Reckoned  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –202 of 286, Section – 25 (Part  Ist Half of – 2)


    For them there is in store a goodly portion out of that which they have earned. And Allah is Swift at reckoning.

    ‘Ulaaa-‘ika  lahum  nasiibum-mimmaa  kasabuu.  Wal-laahu  Sarii-‘ul-hisaab.




    We have recited about two kinds of the people in the previous verses of Holy Qur’an:

    1.        Those persons who want each type of success only in the world. Their intention is only to get the wealth and property from their all deeds and worships. Neither have they faith on the Day of Resurrection, nor on the results of the second life. So they beg the fruit of their labour and endeavors in this world. These kinds of persons will not get any remuneration, compensation or rewards of their actions on the Doomsday.

    2.      Who believe on Allah Almighty, on the Day of Resurrection and second life, don’t pray only for worldly magnificence as reward of their goodness, they do also the works with which their world and the End (both) may be arranged.  They will remain in comfort during the Hereafter as well as in this world. As though they keep their both lives at their own places, neither they sell the Hereafter for earning the world and nor seek the Hereafter leaving the world. Moreover they wish the success in both (the world and the Hereafter). They are eager to escape from the Fire of Hell. And they don’t entangle in those deeds for escaping from it which may cause to put them into the Hell.

    The result of these second kind of persons has been mentioned in today’s verse. That is to say, “the good remuneration will be bestowed as recompense of these persons’ good acts”. They will be kept away from the Hell as they wish. They will be forgiven on mistakes and errors, the room will be made for them in the Paradise and they will see that after the life of the world there is also another life in the Hereafter. Wealth and valuables of the world are nothing against the tastes of that life. Facilities, honour and dignity of the world all are casual and transitory but comparatively the blessings of Paradise will be everlasting, peaceful and comfortable.  `

    Saying the word Sarii-‘ul-hisaab the God Almighty has warned those people who don’t believe the Hereafter and pray only for the world, that Allah Almighty is Swift at reckoning. The Hereafter is not at much distance. On that Day they will see that how much they remain in loss due to begging remuneration of their acts only for the world, forgetting the Hereafter. On the other side the God Almighty has pacified those persons with this sentence, who believe the Doomsday, and wish to get the success of this world as well as the Day of Resurrection. They have been told that they will get the entire remuneration of their good deeds. So they should remain matured on their passage. At first the God Almighty has mentioned the world and then recitation about supplication of the Hereafter has been stated. That is to say, Islam is not against the world, and moreover it desires that the works of the world should be done with the concept of the Hereafter.


    Appointed Days Of The Pilgrimage

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –203a of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And remember Allah through the appointed days.

    Waz-kurullaaha  fiii  ‘ayyaa-mim-ma’-duudaat.




    ‘Ayaa-mim-ma’-duudaat – (some appointed days) ‘ayyaam is plural of the yawm which means ‘day’ and ma’-duudaat is from ‘adad (number, calculation). These two words signify towards the 10th, 11th and 12th the dates of Zul-Hijjah. Idiomatically these days are also named as ‘ayyaa-min tash-riiqTash-riiq means to cause to learn the sacrifice. The animals are sacrificed in these days.

    As we have discussed earlier that all the Pilgrims remain in ‘Arafat with effect from Zohar prayer till before sunset on 9th Zul-Hijjah. They begin to return from there till the time of sunset, stay at night in Muzdalfah. Next day (on 10th Zul-Hijjah) they reach Minaa, which is four miles from Makkah Mo-‘azmah towards north-west. It was a plain during old times. Now a lot of strong and majestic buildings have been constructed here. During the days of Pilgrimage, the Pilgrims hire these buildings on very high rates and this place remains in full bloom. In these days very great market is fixed up. Every thing of the world can be gotten from this market. The Pilgrims remain here till evening of the 12th Zul-Hijjah, perform here many duties and follow the practice of the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) relating to the Pilgrimage, for example – sacrifice the animals, shave their heads, throw the small stone balls over the Satans and untie their ‘Ihraam.

    It has been commanded in this verse, “Remember the God Almighty as much as you can in these days, engage yourselves in His worship and remembrance. There is a particular form to remember Allah Almighty that each Pilgrim should throw seven small stone balls over the Big Stone (Jumrah ‘Uqbaa) along with saying ‘Allahu ‘Akbar on throwing each small stone ball on 10th of Zul-Hijjah.  The correct time for throwing the stone ball starts from the dawn of the day. Likewise throw seven small stone balls over all the three stones (Sha-yaa-tiin) one by one on 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah, but on those stones the small stone balls will be thrown after inclining of the sun. After that the Pilgrims are permitted to go to Makkah.

    As you saw that since the recitation about Hajj and its orders has begun, it has been emphasized again and again to remember Allah Almighty. Thus also the best source of satisfaction of the heart and purity of the soul is in remembrance of the God Almighty. And it has special relation with the Pilgrimage. From all around the world the people of different races and temperaments assemble here on one place. The difficulties of the journey, troubles of the foreign country, recollection of the birth place, separation from the family members, these entire are the matters from whom it is necessary to be confused of every person. In the gatherings like these, it is customary thing to entangle with each other, to be harsh and quarrel, but there is no chance of these matters during the Pilgrimage.

    God Almighty commanded that the Pilgrims should pay attention on only one thing, forgetting the entire labors and that is “remembrance of Allah Almighty”, obey Him, remain busy in listening and causing to hear His Orders to others, remain engaged in His Praise, forget everything in abundance Praise of God Almighty.


    The Spirit Of The Goodness Is Piety

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –203b of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    Then whoso hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off (evil). And be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that unto him ye will be gathered.

    Faman-  ta-‘ajjala  fii yawmayni  falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  Wa  man-  ta-‘akh-khara  falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayhi,  li-manittaqaa.  Watta-qullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annakum  ‘ilayhi  tuh-sharuun.




    It has been stated in the previous lesson that there are special three days of worship, which are called ‘Ayyaa-mi tash-riiq, that is to say the 10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah. But if any person stays also after the 12th and prays the God Almighty, then it is no sin for him. And if any person sets on to Makkah after staying only two days, then it is also no sin for him.

    The object to tell by this verse is that the actual this is piety (fear of God Almighty), to abstain from the things which are forbidden by Allah Almighty, remain at distance from unlawful things, not to seek any pretence and excuse in His obedience, keeping to make intention His pleasure, to act upon His Orders and induce others, to keep the Day of Resurrection in front, to believe the life after death and to arrange for it.

    Some unsystematic-ness may happen due to certain compulsions in execution of lawful commands. But these compulsions will be accepted only of that person, who is punctual of honesty, chastity and abstinence. He doesn’t follow against the commands of Allah Almighty with violence and rebellion. It is clear that the person like this will never seek any pretence or excuse in obeying His Orders. The real thing which is required to be produced in the human being is piety. In its presence if any body falls in some littleness due to compulsion or poorness, then it can be forgiven.

    The Holy Qur’an preaches for the God-fearing with nearly each command. So it has much importance in the life of the mankind. The object from the orders of Allah Almighty is to grow cleanliness, purity and excellence in the human life. But if in the presence of these specialties, any person is unable to obey the Orders then there is no sin for him.

    The recitation about the Pilgrimage ends here.


    Opponents Who Swear

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –204 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And of mankind there is he, whose conversation on the life of this world pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth Allah to witness as to   that which is in his heart; yet he is the most rigid of opponents.

    Wa  minan-naasi many-yu’-jibuka  qawluhuu  fil-hayaatid-dunyaa  wa yush-hidullaaha  ‘alaa  maa  fii  qalbihii,  wa  huwa  ‘aladdul-khisaam.




    Wa  minan-naasi – (some people) it is not necessary that from the word ‘some’ it aims only one person. It may be one as well as many persons of the same nature.

    Qawluhuu – (his conversation) that is to say; his claim that he is ready to sacrifice himself on Islam, he has much love with Islam.

    Fil-hayaatid-dunyaa – (in the affairs of the life of this world) it is intended here to disclose from the word Fii that he has to achieve the world with his eloquence; speech, not the Hereafter. He tells the lies about worldly affairs, as though there is none wise and learned more than him.

    Yush-hidullaahu – (he calls Allah to witness) namely he (sacrilegious) tries to cause to believe using God Almighty’s Name to express strong feeling. It aims from his making swear that he settles witness to Allah Almighty on his statement.

    Before it we have recited about the Pilgrimage in which it was told that some unfortunate persons run behind the world. They are totally deprived of the good results of the Hereafter. But the pious persons beg for the world as well as for the Hereafter and ask for refuge from the torture of the Hell.

    From this verse the recitation about unlucky and treacherous persons begins. They talk with sweet conversation. Apparently they speak with wisdom, but they are the most rigid of opponents and quarrelsome. The Grace of Revelation of this verse is mentioned that there was a person named ‘Akhnas bin Shareeq of Saqeef tribe. Openly he seemed much devouring sorrow and sympathizer of Islam. He used to claim through his tongue much love for Islam. He used to come in the conference of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessing and peace be upon Him) and used to claim much long and wide, used to swear in his discourse. But whenever he used to leave that place, then he used to begin backbiting and mischief, and thought plans to harm Islam. It seems apparently that this verse was revealed for that person. But it applies to all those persons, who have that nature. More signs of these kinds of hypocrites will be stated in the leading verses. Here specialty of the hypocrite has been told that he binds many claims with his tongue, causes to believe in words that he is a believer, but in fact he is the most rigid of opponents, keeps enmity with Islam and Its Followers, and tries to harm them.


    Causing The Mischief

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –205 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And when he turneth away (from thee) his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle. And Allah loveth not mischief.

    Wa  ‘izaa  tawallaa  sa-‘aa  fil-‘arzi  li-yufsida  fiihaa  wa  yuh-likal-harsa  wan-nasl. Wal-laahu  laa yuhibbul-fasaad.




    Tawallaa – (he turns away) here it has two meanings – to turn away or to become ruler. That is to say; while he goes away leaving the conference of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), and according to the other meanings ‘he becomes ruler’. Some commentators of the Holy Qur’an have taken these meanings, that is to say; he becomes either officer of the state or the power is acquired by him anywhere.

    Sa-‘aa – (effort, endeavour, exertion) this word means ‘to become zealous, to labour too hard, attachment of attempt. Here it aims to labour too hard for establishing mischief and raising badness.

    Fil-‘arzi – (in the country) ‘Arz means ‘the earth’. It is intended for bringing this word usually to disclose that the hypocrites establish mischief at a vast range, they introduce the badness up to very long distance. However with the use of al (Alif Laam) along with the word ‘Arz it may be signified towards a particular place, as the city of Madina, which remained the centre of the hypocrites during the period of Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

    ‘Al-harsa – (the crops) that is to say; the mischief makers ruined the crops and kindled them. Some commentators have aimed the women from this word and some others have included it to harm the religion.

    ‘An-nasl – (the life) in destroying the life, both the lives i.e. the lives of the mankind and the cattle are included. Some commentators (Mufassiriin) have taken here the meanings as only the human lives. Aggregately the slaughter and the plunder, both are included in this word’s meaning.

    In the earlier verse it was told that apparently he claims the sympathy with Islam. But internally he is enemy of Islam. Then another thing that he tries to cause to believe on his truth swearing repeatedly Allah Almighty, witnesses the God Almighty in each matter. But in fact he is one of the most rigid of opponents. He tries to be entangled in each right affair and is enemy of the truth. His efforts are to harm Allah Almighty and His Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

    Some more signs have been told about likewise people in this verse. Because they ignite the fire of mischief and quarrel in the country, produce disturbance, try to distribute the united nation in different groups, so that they may get their attention, they burn the crops, slaughter the cattle, commit the fornication, become guilty of the unnatural act, due to which breed of the human ruins.


    False Dignity

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –206 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And when it is said unto him: Be careful of thy duty to Allah, pride taketh him to sin. Therefore Hell will be sufficient for him. And certainly it is an evil-resting place.

    Wa  ‘izaa  qiila  lahuttaqil-laaha  ‘akhazat-hul-‘izzatu  bil-‘ismi  fa-hasbuhuu  Jahannam.  Wa  la-bi’-sal-mihaad. 




    Another sign of the Hypocrites has been mentioned in this verse. Namely, tyrannize the people, false claiming, establish mischief and sedition, rebel and defy against Allah Almighty coming in their pride. When the people try to admonish them, “Come to the straight Path leaving the matters of mischief and disturbance, fear from the God Almighty, pass your lives in peace and comfort” then they become more zealous in mischief and sin to keep firm their false dignity and self made honor.

    When the people say them, “Fear from Allah Almighty” then it strongly hits their pride. Their all palaces made of false desires and liar dignity drop down, so it divulges their secret and they doesn’t remain of anywhere. So to keep their dignity established they don’t care to disobey the Orders of God Almighty, tyrannize the people, and try to press the judgment of the people using every lawful and unlawful weapon. Allah Almighty has prepared the Hell for these kinds of people, where they will be thrown, they will be burnt there forever and suffer flavor of their pride.

    The aims of the Divine Law of Islam are, “To normal the Justice, rest and Peace in the world, every person should have liberty to gain from the things created by Allah Almighty, the facilities may be gotten for acting upon the prescribed Guidance and Teachings revealed by the God Almighty and each human being may get his Right easily.

    To achieve these all objects the Believer helps Islam, the Infidel stands in the way and the Hypocrite is likewise the serpent of the sleeve (enemy) that he keeps rigid enmity with Islam and shows the love with Islam from his apparently claims and liar statements. But he doesn’t cause to open his hearty enmity. So he will be punished more severely.

    This Hypocrite puts the greatest hindrance in getting intentions of the Divine of Islam, doesn’t disclose his heart’s secrets, and remains earnest in mischief and quarrelsome, ruins the crops and slaughters the cattle. Really the concept of false dignity and self make honor is a great hindrance in the path of advice and warning.



    Wisher of The Pleasure of Allah

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –207 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the Pleasure of Allah. And Allah hath compassion on (His) bondmen.

    Wa minan-naasi many-yashrii naf- sahub-tigaaa-‘a Marzaatillah. Wallaahu Ra-‘uufum- bil-‘ibaad.



    In this verse it has been explained about those true Believers who sacrifice even their lives for this purpose so that Allah Almighty would be pleased to them.

    If the mankind thinks on this reality then he will know that the quarrels, in which he is involved, are worthless. Narrow minded people suppose that as much they have property and wealth, land and estate, the entire are their own. As much they will get more, all that would be their own also. They imagine that the worldly honor and dignity is the only object of theirs. To get these things in all respect is the greatest success. But they don’t see that firstly neither they have power over themselves, nor on their property which they have or which they get more. These entire worldly things will remain in the world and they have to expire. Isn’t it possible that their arms may be broken, paralyze their powers and fail their hearts and brains? Then why are these fighting, loot and booty, extortion, mischief and violation? Is it all for that life which has no surety? Is it for that dignity which has no foundation?

    A believer knows these things and he understands that nothing is his own. But every thing is of the Creator Who gave him life, Who brought him up and made him able to get benefits from the blessings of the world. So every thing is of Allah Almighty and intention to use every thing is to seek the Pleasure of God Almighty. If the things bestowed by Him would be used in His path and to achieve His Pleasure, then what will we lose. If any thing will become less then He will give more. If our alone life on which we have no power, would be sacrificed to seek His Pleasure then what we will lose. The life given by Him who had to be end if that is sacrificed for Him then what will be better prodigal than it.

    Jaan dii, dii huwii usii kii thii

    Haq to yeh hai keh Haq adaa naa huwa

    (I have sacrificed my life which was given by Him

    True is it that the Right isn’t performed)

    He is the most Kind and Loving on His slaves (human beings). A person can’t imagine His favors, blessings and Kindness. He cannot count His blessings. Alas! The person would think about this fact so that the gratitude and appreciation would be produced into him.


    Enter Into Islam One And All

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –208 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    O ye who believe! enter, into submission (unto Him) one and all; and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! He is an open enemy for you.

    Yaaa –‘ayyu-hal-laziina  ‘aamanuud-khuluu  fis-Silmi  kaaaffah.  Wa  laa  tat—tabi-‘uu  khutuwaatish-Shay-taan.  ‘Innahuu  lakum  ‘aduw-wum-mubiin.



    ‘As-Silmi – (Islam) literal meanings of Salama are truce and peace. And this word comes opposite to war. The Commentators of the religion have taken the meaning of ‘as-Silmi here as Islam. The masters of the dictionary have also accepted this meaning of it.

    Kaaaffah – (one and all, entire) origin of this word is kafafa which means ‘to stop’. Kaaaffah means ‘enter into Islam completely and obey the Islam in all respects.


    Khutuwaati – (the footsteps) its singular is Khutuh, which means the footstep i.e. obedience and Compliance.

    Reason of the Revelation of this verse is that a few Jews embraced Islam but they also continued compliance the Jewish religion along with Islamic Divine, for example to consider the Saturday as a holy day, to deem the meat and milk of camel as forbidden and recite the Torah etc. Then some people used to make any false belief by themselves or consider sacred their any act and include their self made faiths in the religion along with the Islamic Divine. Allah almighty revealed this verse to stop obeying other orders along with the Islamic orders, and commanded that ‘enter, into submission (unto Him) one and all’. That is to say; neither make false beliefs yourselves, nor follow the myths, nor execute the other teachings and nor that any thing you do not like or that which seems difficult to you, not to believe in it.

    Islam is neither only the name of a few beliefs, nor it is the collection of a few prayers (worships), but it is the most perfect, superior and fine code for the entire life. It guides in each field of life, fulfills all requirements of human nature, shows favor in orders keeping in view his weaknesses, guides rightly to reach the destination and instructs to get the supreme success of the religion and the world. So it is necessary to embrace Islam whole heartedly. Moral, social, economical and political means in every field of life, it is necessary to obey the Islamic laws.

    The People who don’t do so, though they follow the devil’s footsteps even he is their open enemy. To hope for good from him is extremely foolish and ignorant. The Islam and the Infidelity can’t remain together. So either become completely the slaves of The Merciful otherwise you have to follow the footsteps of the Devil, which is the only loss forever.



    Don’t Err Intentionally

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –209 of  286, Section – 25 (Part – 2)


    And if ye slide back after the clear proofs have come unto   you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    Fa-‘in- zalaltum-mim-  ba’-di maa jaaa-‘atkumul-Bayyi-naatu fa’-lamuuu ‘annallaaha ‘Aziizun- Hakiim.



    ‘Al-Bayyi-naatu – (the clear proofs) it means those orders and instructions which have no doubt and intricacy of any kind. For instance, having Faith to believe on One God (Allah Almighty), having Belief on the rightful of the Last Messenger of God Almighty (Muhammad’s truism) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and the commands about the prayers. The entire orders of this kind had already reached the Jews and other groups.

    Zalaltum – (you slide back) this word is from zallah which literally means ‘to reel, to stagger, to slip, to err. It happens also without discretion. So we have known from it too that to be misled due to forgetting can be cause of sin also. So the repentance is required to be forsworn.

    Aziizun – (The Mighty, The Powerful) it means the Entity who can punish while and whatever He wishes. It can be translated as The Dominant.

    Hakiim – (The Wise) here its meaning will be ‘The Entity who punishes always at the right time and in this punishment, there is hidden a great advisability’, because He is The Wise.

    It is the good luck of the human being that Allah Almighty established series of the Prophets (peace be upon them) with excellent Mercy and Kindness for his guidance. To show him the straight path and cause him embracing to success, Allah Almighty continued sending His Selected Prophets (peace be upon them) in different nations time to time. These Messengers (peace be upon them) used to show the right path to the people who forgot and caused to save the straying people from the whirlpool, improved their moralities and cleaned them from the filth. But the history of the world tells that unlucky persons violated them, sometimes exiled and sometimes killed them. They dug the pit hole for themselves at their own by behaving like this.

    At the end Allah Almighty sent the Last Messenger (Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) explained the heavenly teachings to the people of the world, showed them acting on these teachings with His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) good attitude, proved by creating a group of righteous and respectable persons with His companionship and company that these are the clear orders of Allah Almighty. And the success can be gotten by acting upon them.

    How much misfortune of the mankind is that in spite of getting so great dignity he deflects away from it, acts against it and becomes its enemy? These evil-doers will surely be punished. Because there is no reason and excuse remained for them now. The Argument of Allah Almighty has been established. None of them can say now that the True Religion didn’t come to us.


    The Irrational Demand

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –210 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Wait they for naught else than that Allah should come unto them in the shadows of the clouds with the angles? Then the case would be already judged. And all cases go back to Allah (for judgment).

    Hal yanzuruuna ‘illaaa ‘any-ya’-tiya-humullaahu fii zulalim- minal-gamaami wal-malaaa-‘ikatu wa quziyal-‘amr.  Wa ‘ilallaahi turja-‘ul-‘umuur.



    Allah Almighty granted different powers to the mankind, in which wisdom and understanding are also included, so that the human being may distinguish between the right and wrong, good and bad, and the oppression and justice. Apart from these powers Allah Almighty sent the Prophets (peace be upon them) for the guidance of the mankind and to prove their truth, He sent also different signs. So that looking these signs the person would believe in the Prophets (peace be upon them), think about their teachings and adopt the pathway to reach the God Almighty. In the signs of Allah Almighty firstly there are those signs which as if, talk at their own that these all things are created by the Creator who is Almighty, Wise, Omnipresent, Compassionate and Kind, for example creation of the universe, its management, its evolution, then arrangements for the necessities and satisfaction of the mankind.

    Secondly the signs which reached through The Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) unto us, for example His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) personal perfect Model of personality, His spotless character, His good attitude and His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) miracles, etc.

    After going through these both kinds of signs the person’s wisdom demands that the faith should be embraced in Allah Almighty, Who is The Creator of the entire worlds and Who brings them up. If any person or group slides back from it then as he is waiting for that The God Almighty have to come personally in front of him with His Army of the Angles, and tell that ‘It is My order, accept it’. Looking out of this kind will end on ruin and destruction of these people. Because neither it has happened earlier and nor will happen. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and vision, and sent His signs after it. Now it has become obligation for the mankind to believe in them. If one neither considers these signs, nor uses his wisdom and understanding, then he will surely be destroyed because there is none reason remaining not to believe in Allah. Then the entire mankinds have to be present in the court of Allah. Because circumference of all the doings is upon the God Almighty and He will decide their matters.


    Lesson From The Children Of Israel

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –211 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear Signs We gave them! He who altereth the Grace of Allah after it hath come unto him (for him), lo! Allah is Severe in punishment.

    Sal  Baniii-‘Is-raaa-‘iila  kam  ‘aataynaahum-min  ‘Aa-yatim-bayyinah.  Wa  many-yubaddil  ni’-matallaahi  mim-ba’-di  maa  jaaa-‘at-hu  fa- ‘in-nallaaha  Shadiidul- ‘iqaab.



    It has been declared earlier that the God Almighty and His Angels (peace be upon them) never came openly near the human beings, moreover Allah Almighty has sent always the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) for the guidance of mankind out of them. In this verse this reality is being cleared from the history of the children of Israel. Namely ‘We gave many likewise signs to the children of Israel from which the truth of the existence of God Almighty, purity and teachings of His Messengers (peace be upon them) used to open’. But they put back all those signs. Allah Almighty honored them, but they proved as they were thankless. God Almighty bestowed a lot of kindnesses upon the children of Israel; some of them are being stated here briefly:

    1.  They were set free from the oppression of the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh used to cause the slaughter of the children of Jews and keep their daughters alive, used to take hard labour from them, disgrace and ruin them in all respect. Allah Almighty escaped them from his tyranny.

    2.  A glorious Prophet named Moses (peace be upon him) was sent by Him into them, who brought them out from the slavery of the Pharaoh, fear and dominion of the Qabtiis.

    3.  Drowned their enemy Pharaoh into the sea in front of them.

    4.  Kept them under the shadow of clouds during their period in the deserts of Sinai Valley, brought down Manna and Quail for their eating, flowed the springs of water.

    5.  Revealed the Torah upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) for their guidance.

    6.  Settled them in the Country Palestine.

    7.  Maintained a series of the Prophets (peace be upon them) in their race for a long time.

    But despite all these favors the children of Israel followed their personal desires. They turned their faces from the Holy Book revealed by Allah Almighty, deviated from His Orders, they remained happy in arbitrary Business. Allah Almighty sent upon them different kinds of wrath as punishment for this disobedience, so that they come by the way. But even then their scholars changed the words and meanings of the orders of God Almighty, and made changes intentionally in the Holy Book. The public followed them blind. If these people will resist even now on their words and will not believe in the True and Last Speech of Allah Almighty “Holy Qur’an”, then remember! Allah Almighty is Severe in punishment and their end will be the same as it had of the previous nations.


    Don’t Make A Jest Of The Believers

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –212 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Beautified is the life of the world for those who disbelieve; and they make a jest of the believers. But those who keep their duty to Allah will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.

    Zuyyina  lillaziina kafarul-hayaatud-dunyaa  wa  yas-kharuuna  minallaziina  ‘aamanuu.  Wallaziinat-taqaw  fawqa-hum  Yawmal-Qiyaamah.  Wal-laahu  yarzuqu  many-yashaaa- ‘u  bi-gayri  hisaab.



    Reason of revelation of this verse is that the leaders of the Idolaters used to make a jest of the Muslims, suppose them contemptible. They used to make a jest of Hadrat Bilal, ‘Ammaar, Suhaib and other poor Companions (God may please with them) of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and say, “these stupid persons accepted the world’s calamities and difficulties on the thought of the Hereafter (we seek refuge in Allah), and look at Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Who wants conquest over the powerful Arab leaders and chiefs with the assistance of these beggars, needy and poor people, and expects to correct the entire world with the help of these poor persons. This verse was revealed on the base of this buffoonery test and jest of these people.

    They were told that it was ignorance and immaturity to think like this. They don’t know that these poor and distressed people will be superior and excellent than these leaders on the Day of Judgment. To whom Allah Almighty wishes, bestows him uncountable livelihood. So there came a day that these poor people upon whom the infidels made jokes, got the wealth of Banu Qureza and Banu Nuzair. And Allah Almighty bestowed them reign over two major kingdoms of that times – Iran and Rome, and gave then worldly leadership, wealth and sovereignty.

    It has been often seen that the rich persons and leaders who are deniers of Allah Almighty, they take pride in their wealth and think that they will purchase every thing of this world, and will conquer every power of the world with their wealth. Due to this pride and arrogance these people make a jest of the poor, honest and truth-lovers. To them wealth is the only sign of the nobility and the state. To them superiority of the morality and purity of the character is nothing. But they don’t know that the wealth is a moving shade, it is a passing shadow, sometimes hither and sometimes thither, and it has no stopping place. The thing on which one hasn’t power and control and which would be temporary and instable, to take pride in this extent is unprofitable and useless.

    The real thing is goodness and abstinence. It is the greatest wealth. On The Day of Judgment the best reward will be bestowed in its exchange and all the rich and deniers will be overwhelmed on that Day. They will drown in the ignominy and disgrace and will repent on their deeds. How much it would be good if these persons would understand that Allah Almighty gives livelihood to creature. He can give it to the honest people after snatching from them. They shouldn’t make a jest of the poor and needy persons. They should attend to correct their own Hereafter. May God Almighty guide us so that we don’t say any thing wrong from our mouths. Aameen.


    One Community

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –213a of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (unto them) Prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and revealed therewith the Scripture with the truth that it might judge between mankind concerning that   wherein they differed.

    Kaanan-naasu  ‘um-matanw-waahidah.  Faba-‘asal-laahun-nabiyyiina  Mubash-shiriina  wa  Munziriin;  wa  ‘anzala  ma-‘ahumul-Kitaaba  bil-haqqi  liyahkuma  banyan-naasi  fiimakh-talafuu  fiih.



    ‘Um-matanw-waahidah – (one community, one nation) ‘um-mat means a religious sect or creed. This word has come into use many times ago.

    God Almighty commanded that the entire children of Adam (peace be upon Him) were one community in the beginning. They all had one religion. They were established on Oneness of God. Whenever any misunderstanding used to grow in their beliefs, then the Prophets (peace be upon them) were used to send by God Almighty as bearers of good tidings and warners, and they used to sweep their differences.

    As though, their thought that, “nobody knew about the true religion in the beginning and for reaching the present ‘Oneness of God’ it has passed through many stages”, is baseless.


    Faba-‘asa – (then He sent) here Fa aims ‘after a long time’ that is to say when the absurd radicals had invented uncountable faiths and religions, and the contradictions increased between them.

    Mubash-shiriina – (the bearers of good tidings) its origin is bashara which means ‘happy news, glad or good tidings’. Those persons, who embrace the Divine law, cause to hear the happy news.

    Munziriin – (the warners) it aims that the Prophets (peace be upon them) were sent to warn the persons who deny and rebel against the laws given by Allah Almighty.    


    Liyahkuma – (that it might judge between the mankind) that is to say ‘The God Almighty might decide through these Prophets’ (peace be upon them).

    Only one religion has been coming with effect from the Prophet Adam (peace be upon him). The people put difference in this religion after some time, then Allah Almighty sent the Prophets (peace be upon them) from time to time, who used to cause to hear the good tidings of rewards to the Believers and warn the Infidels from the ignominy, and He revealed also the True Books (Scriptures), so that the differences and strives may be swept, and the true religion may escape from their differences.


    Religious differences

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –213b of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    And only those unto whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear proofs had come unto them, through hatred one of another. So Allah by His Will guided those who believe unto the truth of that concerning which they differed. And Allah guideth whom He will unto a straight path.

    Wa  makh-talafa  fiihi ‘illallaziina  ‘uutuuhu  mim- ba’-di  maa jaaa-‘at-humul-bayyinaatu  bagyam- baynahum.  Fahadallaa- hullaziina  ‘aamanuu  li-makhtalafuu  fiihi  minal-Haqqi  bi-‘iznih.  Wallaahu yahdii  many- yashaaa-‘u ‘ilaa  Siraatim- Mustaqiim.



    ‘Allaziina ‘uutuuhu  (to whom it was given) to whom means, “Those people who were given the Holy Books through the Prophets (peace be upon them), particularly the leaders and Spiritual Guides of those communities because these persons used to take the people towards the deviation and people just followed them”.

    Bagyam- baynahum – (due to bigotry of one another) here it has been cleared that the real cause of differences and conflicts was hatred between one another and carnal-ness. And it wasn’t at all the reason that there was something wrong in the orders of Allah Almighty.

    Bi-‘iznih – (by His Will) in the Holy Qur’an the word Azan has been used for the both meanings i.e. the order and the permission. Here it means favour and strength from The God Almighty.

    It has been told in this part of the verse that after coming the Prophets (peace be upon them) and revelation of the Holy Books, these were the persons who differed, who were given the Scriptures. For example the leaders and Spiritual Guides of Christians and Jews used to make differences in Torah and Gospel, change their meanings and do arbitrary in the paraphrase and explanations of these Scriptures at their own. They didn’t do all these differences unintentionally. But they did so for bigotry, jealousy of one another and greed of the worldly wealth and property.

    In these situations the people who were seekers of the Faith and who had the ability of Belief, Allah Almighty guided them to the straight path with His Mercy and Blessing, bestowed them the strength to follow it, and saved them from the contradictions of the misled. It is also known from this verse that it is the custom of the world that the bad people make differences and remain earnest to do so. Therefore, the Believers shouldn’t follow them. Moreover they should act according to the guidance and teachings of Prophet of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). The Guidance is that which has given by the God Almighty and the success will be gotten by acting upon that manner which Allah Almighty has told.








    Moments Of Trial

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –214 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Do ye think that ye will enter Paradise while yet there hath not come unto you the like of (that which came to) those who passed away before you? Affliction and adversity befell them, they were shaken as with earthquake, till the messenger (of Allah) and those who believed along with him said: When cometh Allah’s help? Beware! Surely Allah’s help is nigh.

    ‘Am hasibtum ‘an- tad-khulul-Jannata wa lammaa ya’-tikum-masa-lullaziina khalaw min- qablikum. Massat-humul- ba’-saaa-‘u wazzar-raaa-‘u wa  zul-ziluu hattaa ya-quular-Rasuulu wallaziina ‘aamanuu ma-‘ahuu mataa nasrul-laah. ‘Alaaa ‘inna nasrallaahi qariib.




    In this verse Allah Almighty has commanded that it is necessary for the mankind to compete the hardness, calamities and difficulties for getting betterment and success. It isn’t right to hope for success without bearing difficulties and hardships and passing through the test. The greatest goodness has been declared as the Paradise in this verse and told that too much great blessing cannot be gotten without hard work. The pathway of the goodness and Paradise has been made too much difficult that it might be known that ‘who has the demand and yearning for it?’ Who will have its real quest; he will try his best using the entire powers and strength which Allah Almighty has bestowed him for this purpose. He will be ready to sacrifice his everything for this. Moreover the people, who will get their purposes passing through the hard paths, they will understand also its real value.

    Allah Almighty has proved by giving the reference of the previous communities that the successors have faced always the hardships and difficulties because the enemies of Allah Almighty and keeping enmity of the goodness lack never anything to torture these Believers. They leave them after making helpless and poor, and tyrannize them at the extent that the Prophet (peace be upon him) and His Believer Companions call, “O Allah! Now it is the end of the limit of their torture, when Your help will come?”

    Allah Almighty has promised these Believers that His help shall come surely but there is a fixed rule for this help, at first the people are tested, when they remain sticking with throughout patient and steadfast, then finally Allah Almighty gives them success and the enemy of righteousness falls in the humility and is ruined.


    Where Should Be Spent

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –215 of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    They ask thee, (O Muhammad), what they should spend. Say; that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is aware of it.

    Yas-‘aluunaka  maazaa  yunfiquun.  Qul  maaa  ‘anfaq- tum-min  khayrin- falil-waali-dayni  wal- ‘aqrabiina  wal- yataa-maa  wal-masaakiini  wab-nis-sabiil.  Wa  maa  taf- ‘aluu  min  khayrin- fa- ‘innallaaha  bihii  ‘Aliim.




    Khayrin – (wealth, goods, property etc.) each type of goodness is included in the word khayrin i.e. bodily or financial, big or small, but it also means good earning and the wealth. And here meaning of Khayrin is the wealth.

    In this verse it has been mentioned that the Muslims asked from The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), “what they should spend?” Allah Almighty commanded that they should spend how much they want out of their good earnings and the pure wealth, beside this Allah Almighty told about the people upon whom the wealth should be spent:

    1.       waali-daynifirst right is of our parents out of our wealth. Alas! Now a days the well to do, the married and the well earner youngsters don’t recognize the right of their parents.


    1.       ‘Al- ‘aqrabiinaafter the parents comes the right of the near kindred (close relatives). How much great rule Islam has given that the charity and goodness should be started from the nearest relatives and supplied it far away.


    1.     Wal- yataa-maaYou should take care and train them becoming the shadow over their heads, which are deprived of the shadow of their parents. The Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has commanded too much rights of the orphans and fixed it a great virtue to serve them.


    1.     Wal-masaakiinithose weak and disabled people who are excused to earn.


    1.       Wab-nis-sabiil:  fifth rank is of the needy wayfarers.



    Order Of Warfare

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –216a of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you.

    Kutiba ‘alaykumul-qitaalu wa huwa kurhul-lakum.




    We have discussed this matter earlier with detail that the source of our guidance is only Islam. Islam has complete rules under practice for our lives. If any person accepts any other religion turning his face from It, then he will turn away from the real destination, will surrender himself to destruction going astray. Because meaning of deflecting away from Islam is that the person will ruin the peace and security, will spread mischief and violence, will tyrannize others and violate their rights.

    Allah Almighty has ordered the Muslims to fight against all those people who turn away from Islam, remain earnest in spreading evil and mischief, engage in conspiracies and depravities because they are the enemies of Islam and ruin the peace. Kill them because only the end of those people can become the cause of improvement of Islam and prosperity of the universe of the world.

    The Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was ordered for warfare after the migration from Makkah to Madina while He had to establish the base of new state, preach for Islam openly and had to bring a new society in existence according to the guidance of Allah Almighty, but at that time the Muslims were weak and helpless, deficient in numbers, didn’t had the equipment of warfare and were in the seizure of the worst condition and anxiety. Therefore it was necessary to undergo invasive naturally the order of warfare. So they were told that whether the warfare would be how much hateful to them but they had to do their duty.

    The most precious thing for the mankind is his life. Its end is felt by him unlike and unpleasant. It is common in the warfare leaving one’s life, loss of lives. But Allah Almighty informed that far-reaching results and benefits of this warfare are a lot which will result afterward. Therefore if the unpleasantness is borne temporarily and the loss is endured, then its result will be much sweet and superior. We should obey the orders of Allah Almighty without hesitation and caring for the favorite things of the world,. We should earn the pleasure of Allah Almighty by sacrificing our lives, our children and wealth.


    Love And Hate Of The Mankind

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –216b of  286, Section – 26 (Part – 2)


    And it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. And Allah knoweth, and ye know not.

    Wa  ‘asaaa  ‘an- takrahuu  shay-‘anw-wa  huwa  khayrul-lakum.  Wa  ‘asaaa  ‘an- tuhibbuu  shay- ‘anw-wa  huwa  sharrul-lakum.  Wal-laahu  ya’- lamu  wa  ‘antum  laa  ta’- lamuun.      




    ‘Asaaa – (it may happen, perhaps) it is possible, it may be.

    In the first part of the verse God Almighty ordained for warfare and commanded that apparently the slayer seems bad to you but there is no resource without it for the life of the community and exaltation of the nation.

    Now to clear this subject, it is being commanded in a very good and unique manner:

    “And it may happen that you hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that you love a thing which is bad for you.” Its evidence is that, you don’t know about your well and worse. You don’t know, “what is better for you and what is bad. However The Creator knows very well that what is better and what is bad. While it is the reality then do that whatever He says and which He orders. There is kind and good for you in it.

    There is no doubt the most difficult thing in this world is to endanger one’s life and property, and these both fears exist in the warfare. The human being can’t be ready to sacrifice these precious things i.e. the life and property easily. However, if he would know that this life and the entire paraphernalia of this life are casual, and the immortal life and permanent comfort will be bestowed after it, then these things doesn’t value to the human being.

    Secondly, if the mankind would have sure that his Creator knows better about his profit and loss than him, moreover he doesn’t have any knowledge. The entire wisdoms and the goodness are in His control and whatever He says, that all is for his favour. In this form a person will be ready to sacrifice either it is his life and property or any other most precious thing. And at that time nothing will get any value to him.


    Warfare In The Sacred Months

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217a of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred months. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression).

    Yas-‘aluunaka ‘anish- Shahril-Haraami qitaalin-fiih. Qul qitaalun-fiihi kabiir.




    ‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (the sacred month) Lunar year has four sacred months; Muharram, Rajab, Zi Qa’dah and Zil-Hajjah. These months were considered very blessed and pure by the Arabs. Even the killing, devastation and militancy were their occupation, but they used to stop every kind of warfare during these four months. Here the month of Rajab signifies particularly towards ‘ash- Shahrul-Haraamu.

    Cause of revelation of this verse is that in the 2nd Hijrah once during the journey, a warfare took place between some Companions (may God be pleased with them) of the Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and Idolaters, and one Idolater was killed in the war. To these companions this warfare was fought on 30th of the month of Jamadi-as-saani which wasn’t a sacred month, but after that it was known that the moon of Jamadi-as-saani had become of 29 days, and on which the warfare was fought, that was 1st of Rajab which was a sacred month.

    To this error which happened unknowingly, the Infidels and Idolaters extended this news very much and began taunting, “See! Now the Muslims don’t respect these months. They have begun the warfare also in the month of Rajab.” Due to this reason, those Companions attended the court of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and asked, “It is happened unintentionally. What we have to do now”. Then this verse was revealed and the Muslims were told that the warfare is a worse thing during the sacred months but it is; when the sin is done intentionally and having the knowledge of the sacred months the warfare is fought. And this battle which the Muslims fought wasn’t fought intentionally but it was their misunderstanding.

    The Scholars agree upon this matter that even now whenever the Infidels will begin fighting in the sacred months then the Muslims can fight counter and defensive war to save them, can react on their attack because the human lives are more sacred than the sanctity of these months. It is more necessary to save them. Although to fight in these sacred months is worse but the worst things are those which are done by the Infidels. For example, they don’t believe in Allah Almighty, do worship of more gods instead of the One, do not believe in the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection), spread the sedition and quarrelsome, and exile the people from their houses, because these things are more worse and horrible than the warfare. The Infidels don’t be attentive on their doings themselves. They began taunting the Muslims upon a little unknowingly error.

    These matters have been discussed in the next part of this verse which you will read in the next lesson. The Infidels and idolaters don’t see their own behavior but entangle with the Muslims. They are taunting on an unintentional mistake.


    Behavior Of The Infidels

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217b of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    But to turn (men) from the Way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel His people thence, is a greater with Allah; and persecution is worse than killing.

    Wa  saddun  ‘an- sabiilillaahi  wa  kufrum-bihii  wal-Masjidil-Haraami  wa  ‘ikh-raaju  ‘ahlihii  minhu  ‘akbaru  ‘indallaah.  Wal-fitnatu  ‘akbaru  minal-qatl.




    Sabiilillaahi – (the Way of Allah) its aim is Islam. It is the chosen path of the God Almighty. The human being can decorate his World and Hereafter by moving on this pathway.

    We have studied in the previous lesson that once in warfare a few Muslims killed an Infidel. It was happened unknowingly during a sacred month. The Infidels reproached and taunted them on it. Allah Almighty has commanded in these verses that although it is sin to fight during any sacred month, but those sins are comparatively bigger which are done by these Infidels. Some kinds of sins are being submitted in today’s lesson.

    Saddun  ‘an- Sabiilillaahi – (to turn (men) from the Way of Allah) that is to say “to prevent the people from embracing Islam and torture them with cruelty who have embraced Islam, to threaten them who intend to embrace Islam”. The Infidels of Makkah used to do all these evils. They used to forbid the people to believe in the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). They used to beat them and lay them down on the hot stones who embraced Islam. They used to prevent them from leaving the Makkah who wished to move away from this sacred Place.

    Kufrum-bihii – (to disbelieve in Him) second sin which the Infidels used to do, was “atheism from Allah Almighty, refusal from His Existence and Virtues”.

    ‘Al-Masjidil-Haraami – (the Inviolable Place of Worship) Khana Ka’-ba – this House of Allah Almighty was only for worship, but the Infidels had put in it uncountable Idols. The Muslims wished to make it the House of Oneness of The God Almighty, but the Infidels used to prevent them to enter in this Inviolable Place of Worship and hindered them from doing worship.

    ‘Ikh-raaju  ‘ahlihii – (to expel the people from Makkah, who were its residents) the Infidels of Makkah tyrannized and oppressed the Muslims as much that they were compelled ultimate to leave Makkah. These poor and helpless Muslims took refuge in Madina leaving behind their families, and ran away to save their lives giving up their entire family members and properties. How big this sin is which was committed by the Idolaters of Makkah?

    ‘Al-fitnatu – (the persecution, mischief, sedition, plundering and turning the people from true religion) the Infidels of Makkah had been creating these entire evils but they did not consider them as their crimes. Allah Almighty commands, “Killing is reasonable in all respect while the situations arise so”.


    Attempts Of The Idolaters

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217c of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your religion, if they can.

    Wa  laa  yazaaluuna  yuqaatiluuna-kum  hattaa  yarud-duu-kum  an- Diinikum  ‘inis- tataa-‘uu. 



    It has been cleared openly in this verse that till the time the Muslims will remain firm on the religion of Allah Almighty, the Idolaters and Infidels will continue opposing them in all respect. They will not leave any stone unturned to humiliate in each situation and at every time, desiring they either get this opportunity in the limits of Haram or during the sacred and pure month, as they did so at the time of        Hudaybiyah. At that time they did not care for any respect and blessing, were prepared to kill or die due to enmity and envy with only the Muslims. And they prevented the Muslims to go to Makkah and to perform the Pilgrimage (Umrah). So it should not be cared if these types of the enemies of Islam reproach and taunt the Muslims. The Muslims should not wait to kill them due to only the sacred month.

    It is also evident from this verse that how much the Idolaters of Makkah were displeased from Islam and how much they were enemy of the Truth and the Right. They were insistent with every possible strength and plan that the Muslims should turn away from their religion; they were trying their best to prevent the people from embracing Islam, compel them to believe in the false and old faiths, establish them to do worship of the Idols, and if possible, erase the name and sign of the Islam.

    Here is a question that, “Why the Infidels and Idolaters were too much opponent of Islam? Why were they pursuing to finish It? Why did they see the beliefs of the Muslims with bad sight? Why did they hate the teachings of Islam?

    There are the answers of above mentioned questions that they had made their religion, their politics and their culture according to their manners at that time. Their aims and purposes were limited only up to their own welfare and wellbeing. They wished to retain the traditions of their own society. Contrary to this the Islam delivered the message of accomplished equality and global development, provided equal rights to every person being the mankind, refused to accept the existence of any particular interested society. So those all persons who conceived at the limited scale and who were miserly and selfish, they prepared themselves for enmity and malice.

    How the false could stay in front of the true? How the darkness might remain after coming in the Light? Those people drowned themselves in their own folly and enmity, and stood the rightful of punishment forever. They were unlucky in this world and also became deserving of the Hell on the Day of Resurrection.


    Punishment Of A Renegade

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –217d    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And whoso of you becometh a renegade and dieth in his disbelief: such are they whose works have fallen both in the world and the Hereafter. And such are rightful owners of the Fire, they will abide therein forever.

    Wa many-yartadid  minkum  ‘an- Diinihii  fayamut  wa  huwa  kaafirun- fa- ‘ulaaa- ‘ika  habitat ‘a’-maaluhum  fid-dunyaa  wal- ‘Akhirah.  Wa  ‘ulaaa- ‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar.  Hum  fiihaa  khaaliduun.



    It was cleared from the previous lesson that the Infidels and Idolaters will carry on trying to turn the Muslims away from Islam with every method. They will threaten and terrify them, offer them different hopes, tempt them. Their entire attempts will be for the purpose that with any possible way the Muslims should not increase in numbers, they would return towards the ignorance and darkness of infidelity.

    It has been warned in this verse that if any Muslim will become a renegade leaving Islam under the influence of Infidels, due to scare or lure, and will die in his disbelief then his all deeds will be lost. He will have to face its punishment also in the world and on the Day of Resurrection too.

    Punishment due to becoming a renegade toward infidelity from Islam will be that his life and wealth will not be protected. His relation will cut from his Muslim wife.  He cannot get the hereditary property of the Muslims. Moreover if there is a Muslim government then that disloyal, renegade and rebel person has not any right for living.

    On the Day of Resurrection he will be punished rigorously as he will remain deprived from his rewards and compensation. He will not get exchange of his any worship and good deed. He will be put in to the Hell, will be burnt there forever and harmed any way.

    Fayamut  wa  huwa  kaafirun – (if he dies in his disbelief) Allah Almighty taught from this sentence that if (God forbid) any Muslim becomes a renegade, even then he has the opportunity to return toward the religion. The punishment of Hereafter is only in that case, if he dies in the folly of Infidelity.

    The punishment of the renegade is too much rigorous because he became the renegade after understanding the Islam. Then doubts may rise in the hearts of other persons seeing him.




    Belief, Emigration And Strive

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –218    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Lo! Those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the Way of Allah, these have hope of Allah’s Mercy. And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

    ‘Innallaziina  ‘aamanuu  wallaziina  haajaruu  wa  jaa-haduu  fii Sabiilillaahi,  ‘ulaa-‘ika  yarjuuna  Rahmatallaah.  Wallaahu  Gafuurur-Rahiim.



    ‘Allaziina  haajaruu – (those who emigrated) it signifies toward those persons who left their native land, which was dearest and beloved thing for each living creature, for the cause of religion. They left the town of infidelity and went to the town of Belief. The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His Companions (Sahaabah) (may God be pleased with them) emigrated from Makkah to Madina.

    Jaa-haduu – (who strove) this word has come out from the word Ji-haad, which means strong endeavor and hard struggle. All types of tortures and difficulties are included in it and the greatest difficulty is warfare and slayer.

    Fii Sabiilillaahi – (in the Way of Allah) it has been proved applying the restriction with Emigration and Strive that the Muslims do not emigrate or strive for their any personal want or gain. They bear all kinds of calamities and difficulties only for getting pleasure of God Almighty.

    Yarjuuna – (they have hope) purpose of this word is to produce happy news to those Believers who had killed an Infidel unknowingly during the sacred month.

    Those Companions (may God be pleased with them) who had killed an Infidel unknowingly during the sacred month, had known that they had not committed any sin, but they were some thoughtful in this matter because they did not know about reward of this strife while they wished the future reward of this virtue. On this occasion this verse was revealed that “Those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and strive in the Way of Allah”, without any doubt “they are hopeful of Allah’s Mercy” and they are rightful of the reward and remuneration. God Almighty is Forgiving mistakes of His servants and He is Merciful upon them. He will never forfeit the rights of His worshiper slaves.

    It also appears from this verse that the Infidels and Idolaters will try their best to return the Muslims from their religion, they will torture them, they will expel them from their native land, they will fight with them, but the Muslims should not be discouraged, they should remain established on their Belief. If the Infidels expel the Muslims from their country, fight with them, then the Muslims should remain steady and fight in the encounter strongly.

    In short only those persons deserve the Mercy, Kindness and Forgiveness of Allah Almighty who Believed. If they faced the calamities, they left even their birth-place. If yet the enemies of the religion did not keep them remain in peace then they agreed to strive but did not became careless from the religion.


    Strong Drink And Games Of Chance

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    They question thee about strong drink and games of chance.

    Wa  yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil-khamri  wal-maysir.



    ‘An – (about) about the Divine Order, lawful and unlawful

    ‘Al-khamri – (strong drink) khamr means to cover any thing. The veil is named as khumaar because it covers the women’s head. The Wine has been called as Khamr too because it conceals the human sense and the senses of the mankind does not remain in order. Besides the grapes and dates every that thing is called khamr which provides intoxication.

    ‘Al-maysir – ((gambling) this word has also vast meanings and it covers all kinds of the games of chance whether those have any shape or name.

    Before Islam the strong drink and games of chance had common tradition in the Arab. Every person, little or elder, used to drink wine so more that it was like a medicine for children (Ghutti), and the gambling had uncountable sorts. As a result of these both things, the disorder in sexual relationship, financial difficulties, and plague of tyranny and exorbitance had been spread, but there was none to think about this condition. The people had sold their wisdom in exchange to these things.

    It has been stated about some Companions (may God be pleased with them) that they asked personally the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the order about strong drink and games of chance because these things ruin the sense and wealth. It was necessary to grow the disgust in the Companions (may God be pleased with them) about these impure and addled things due to the company and teachings of the Prophet of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). They had understood that the things like wine and gambling are impediment in the way of getting those goodness and virtues which are commanded in Islam, because the purpose of these orders is to be produced the purity, goodness and foresightedness in our hearts. Contrary to it the sense is lost due to the strong drink and games of chance, the person becomes habitual to abuse others, tendency is produced toward the filth and the temperament inclines to fornication.

    The Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them) also commanded their followers that strong drink and games of chance were unlawful, but their followers could not refrain despite the prohibition. At last the Islam has narrated clearly their badness that today the drunkard and gambler are seen with hatred sight as much that perhaps none other evil-doer and sinner is seen in the Muslim community.

    It is the first verse in which strong drinking has been forbidden. From here the recitation about unlawful use of the wine and games of chance begins.


    Command About Liquor And Gambling

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men; but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness.

    Qul  fiihi-maaa  ‘ismun- kabiirunw-wa  manaafi-‘u  lin-naas:  wa  ‘ismu-humaaa  ‘akbaru  min-naf- ‘ihi-maa.



    Replying to the question of the Companions (Sahaaba) (may God be pleased with them), “What is the order about strong drink and games of chance” Allah Almighty commanded clearly that the both are sin. He also instructed that there are some utilities as well as the sins for the people, but their sins are greater than their utilities. So it is the demand of wisdom and intelligence that the both things are required to be left immediately.

    Ismun – (sin) sin is the deed which produces hindrance in the path of goodness. Use of this word has told that the liquor and gambling prevent the human beings from the goodness. Quarrels, shamelessness and sins increase in that nation and community where use of the liquor is common. When a person drinks strong, he loses his senses, entangles in evil-doing and fornication, becomes indolent from his duties, if the power does not remain to complete his state of intoxication, then he tries to get it through unlawful and unfair means. Then he commits also the crimes of theft, cheating, robbing, fraud, murder, plundering and destruction.

    The games of chance destroy the financial condition of the mankind. It inclines him towards the loot, theft, robbing, cheating and fearlessness. Its first effects are luxury; joviality and extravagance, which besiege a gambler. It has many forms, like bets on race –course, lotteries and gambling.

    It is possible that some diseases may be cured with the liquor. Many persons drink strong due to this pretence, but while some other medicine is available then how the liquor can be lawful. It is correct that the liquor is joyous, but how much long? And how much trouble is faced after the intoxication tenure? The liquor causes to forget the grief but for how much moments? And its result is ruin of the wealth, badness of the manners, physical diseases and infamy in the people and God Almighty.

    The same condition is of the games of chance. Accidental victory is possible but there is no guarantee of defeat and this freely won money has never remained with any person. We have never seen any gambler to be rich till today. If they earn without price, they spend it lavishly and unlawfully.


    Standard Of Financial Sacrifices

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219c    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is superfluous.

    Wa  yas- ‘aluunaka  maa-zaa  yunfiquun.  Qulil- ‘afw.



    ‘Al- ‘afw – (which is superfluous, surplus) more than is needed. It means, “Spend that which is remainder, residue and savings after your lawful and necessary requisites”.

    God Almighty has commanded the best principle to establish the human society on financially strong foundations in this verse. Many nations have tried to get this purpose but in vain, which can be gained only after acting upon this rule. That is to say; the system in which every body may earn for his daily food. The nation may get rid of reproach of the poorness and unemployment, may escape from starving. Due to poverty nobody may be compelled for suicide, prostitution, denial of conduct and humanity decay.

    To acquire this purpose Allah Almighty has given this rule that every person should earn legally and lawfully, meet his needs out of it and spend on the needy persons his superfluous after lawful necessities.

    The remedy of the entire badness exists in this order, which is being faced by the human society at this time, for example we see that value of the human labor has lessen now a day. Complete remuneration is not being paid in exchange the physical and mental endeavors. The capital has taken place of the human labor. So the society has been distributed in to two different groups. One group is the richest who is very few in numbers and the other is very poor which a lot in numbers is. On one side there is luxury, idleness and power of influence, while on the other side there is poorness, hard labor and helplessness. The rich persons are filling their pockets with the blood of the poor persons and the poor are being trampled under their feet. Uneasiness and despair has grown in the public due to this system.

    The western nations thought many solutions for it but could not found. The one and the best solution of it is that, which has been proposed by the Holy Qur’an. That is to say; every rich person should keep with him only to fulfill his lawful necessities and the remaining should be distributed in to the deserving persons.

    It is revealed that neither the money will be collected in a few hands due to acting upon this command, nor poverty will increase. Moreover the person, who works hard, will never die of starving. This is the method of correction of the financial ruins and poverty which is held with none.


    Invitation Of Meditation

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –219d & 220a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye reflect- Upon the world and the Hereafter.

    Kazaalika  yubayyi-nullaahu  lakumul- ‘aayaati  la- ‘allakum  tatafakkaruun.  Fiddunyaa  wal- ‘Aakhi-rah.  



    We have read in the previous lesson that Allah Almighty has taught us the straight and clear ways, which after assuming; we can make the form of the world better and strong. We can annihilate the anti-human things like poverty, adversity, starving, restlessness and despair. We can finish the poverty of the poor. If it can be done so, then the time of strikes, riot and rebellion, and quarrels cannot come. Everybody will be able to get employment according to his spirit and capability after working hard. Business and industry will be developing elegantly.

    The orders of God Almighty are in front of us. Delay is only from our side that we should start the work with complete consideration. There are many other benefits in addition to the worldly advantages, which are called “the advantages for the Hereafter”. To understand them depends upon consideration. However being in a clear form of these orders in the mankind needs special attention of the person and he should know its advantages with care. Till now the benefits of these commands have been revealed with the experience, and this thing is surely helpful for consideration.

    Which orders have been revealed by the God Almighty for our betterment and guidance, “Whether those are for the purpose that we should not draw our attention upon them? Should we behave them like unlawful negligence and carelessness? Should we mock at them? Not at all; the Orders of Allah Almighty are Guarantor of human welfare and wellbeing, bring prosperity and comfort in the world, become cause of reward and victory on the Day of Resurrection, the human beings will fell in the well of darkness due to remaining ignorant from them. And he will get Light due to adopting them.

    How the life should be passed in the world? How the provision should be arranged for Hereafter? This entire has been mentioned in these Orders. The person can enjoy the real human life only after understanding and acting upon them. God Almighty invites us again and again to meditate in His Speech (the Holy Qur’an), and claims that due to acting upon the commands of God Almighty your Doomsday will be fit as well as your this world will also be arranged.


    Improving The Orphans’ Lot

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 220b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And they question thee concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best.

    Wa  yas- ‘aluunaka  ‘anil-yataamaa.  Qul  ‘islaahul-lahum  Khayr. 



    ‘Al-yataamaa – (the orphans) it is plural of Yatiim which means the orphan, (the boy or girl whose father or mother or both have expired). After the death of child’s father the orphan-hood becomes more mercy-able for him/her.

    ‘Islaahun – (to improve the lot) each type of physical, financial and moral arrangement comes in it. Here it concerns particularly with the financial improvement of the orphans.

    This verse was revealed as reply to the question of those companions’ (Sahaaba) (may Allah be pleased with them), to whom the responsibility of orphans was given to bring them up. Some people did not use to care in the property of the orphans. Upon that occasion this verse was revealed, “Wa  laa  taqrabuu maa-lal  yatiimi  illaa  billatii  hiya  ‘ahsan” (Don’t go near the property of orphans except for their betterment). Due to this verse, those persons who were guardians of the orphans, frightened and separated totally their expenses. Now there was another problem due to separating the expenses, that, which thing was prepared for the orphans, if some of it remained in balance that was spoiled. In this care there was being some loss of the orphans. So they raised doubts about it in the court of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that “which system will be better for the expenses of the orphans”? Should their expenses be kept totally separate or be included in our calculation/account?

    It has been replied in this verse that actual purpose is “to improve their lot” manage at your own as it may be possible, intention and will should be only to improve their lot and do better for the orphans, wishing the expenses are separated or included.

    Number of children like this is in sufficient quantity in the society who has been deprived from the kindness of their parents during child-hood. Strength of the orphans increases very much during the time of warfare. They do not have ability to get sound advantages properly out of their goods, wealth and property. It is very necessary to look after them; otherwise it is much possible that they will go astray or be damaged. The people who take their responsibility for looking after and training, they should use their wealth and property with great care and honesty.

    Now a days fostering the orphans and execution of the orphanage has become a regular pas-time business. Bosses of some institutes use the orphans as tool for their unlawful aims. They disgrace economically, socially and morally very much. Strict threat is for like these persons.

    The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has forced much for training and looking after the orphans and declared abundant reward and remuneration for it.


    Instructions Concerning Orphans

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 220c    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And if ye mingle your affairs with theirs, then (they are) your brothers. And Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who improveth. And had Allah willed He would have overburdened you. Surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    Wa  ‘in-  tukhaalituu-hum  fa- ‘ikhwaanukum.  Wal-laahu  ya’- lamul-mufsida  mi- nal- muslih.  Wa  law shaaa- ‘al-laahu  la- ‘a’ –natakum.  ‘Innal-laaha  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.



    We have recited the question of the Companions (Sahaabah) (may Allah be pleased with them) concerning orphans. In reply Allah Almighty commanded with complete detail that improving the lot of orphans is best in reward and remuneration. Their position is like your brothers. Then formality with them is of what sort? The purpose is to improve the lot and correction of the orphans’ wealth and property, so one should do as he seems better. If any person thinks that there is some more advantage in separating their accounts, then he should do so. But if he considers that the orphan will remain in gain due to mutual business, then nothing is wrong also with it. After all, they are your religious brothers.

    The orphans are considered as extremely despised and humiliated in the old cultures and besides this several present nations, but Islam has told by saying them ‘ikh-waanukum (your brothers) that there is no difference between you and them being a mankind. They should be dear to you as your own brothers are dear to you. They have the right to improve themselves. None should stand in their way. Moreover they should be helped to achieve their goals as one brother helps the other. So you should keep in view their correction and betterment in each condition, and for it you can adopt any method which you like. God Almighty knows the secrets of everybody’s heart and understands that who spoils and who improves.

    After it God Almighty also commanded that if Allah Almighty wished, a strict order might be given too, which you had to do, because He is Mighty, Wise. But He did not do so because He understands the advisability of each order. He doesn’t order which may be difficult and heavy.


    To Wed The Idolatresses

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 221a    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    Wed not idolatresses till they believe.

    Wa  laa  tankihul-mushri-kaati  hattaa  yu’-minn.



    ‘Al-mushri-kaati – (the idolatresses) this word has been derived from shirk which means ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, that is to say the woman who includes any other person or thing in the virtues of G0d Almighty. This word has been used in its vast and common meanings. Every infidel woman is included in this order. It is not necessary that she should be only idolatress. To wed any non-Muslim woman is unlawful according to the theologies of spiritual guides (Imam) Maalik and Shaaf-‘aii, but it is unlawful to wed each non-Muslim woman near to the scholars of Hanfii theology in accord with common rule, but it is lawful to marry any woman from Jews or Christians (because they belong to the heavenly religions). Its permission exists formally in the Divine law of the religion.

    God Almighty has forbidden the Muslims to marry the idolatresses in this verse. Further explanation of this order is as under:-

    1.  To wed any disciple of a worshipper of fire (woman of the sect of Magi), Sikh and Hindu women is not right.
    1.   It is lawful to marry any woman from Jews or Christians (because they belong to the heavenly religions) but not better. Hadrat Umar (may Allah be pleased upon him) has disliked it. Instigation and stress exists also in the Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to marry any religious woman only.
    1.  The woman who seems as she belongs to the heavenly religion from her style, but if it is known through investigation afterwards that her Faith is not of the people who belong to the heavenly religions, then it is not just to wed her too.

    In short it is not lawful to marry any that woman who is not Believer. Islam has not banned in the chain of marriage with any race, colour or caste etc, but restricted for the Believer and correct Faith only. The basic reason of it is that the relationship of husband and wife is perfect love and friendship. Deep relation is necessary between both of them. It is compulsory for the accomplishment of husband and wife successfully for life that the wife should not be denier of the universal laws of her husband namely Oneness of God and Belief in the last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). If this relation doesn’t exist between them then it is quite impossible to pass their lives successfully in each aspect, and the bigger badness than it affects the education, religion and future of their children. Their father pulls them toward himself and the mother toward herself. The result is clear.

    The husband will decide the matters of his domestic life in the light of this faith. The wife will think according to her own faith. The quarrel and vigorous contradiction will remain always between them. It will affect badly their children and their future will ruin. So it is ordered that ‘Wed not idolatresses till they believe” to escape yourselves from the results of too much destruction. This restriction also exists in the Jews and the Christians religiously. However it is another thing if they don’t act upon it.


    Status Of A Muslim Bondwoman

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 221b    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And lo! A believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she please you;

    Wa  la-‘amatum-mu’-minatun  khayrum-mim-mushrikatinw-wa  law  ‘a’-jabat-kum.



    In the first part of this verse it has been told that marriage with any idolatress woman is unlawful. Now Allah Almighty commands that if any idolatress woman has all the beauties and qualities, apparently she has each type of attraction, but while she has not the light of belief then she would not have any allurement for the Muslim. Comparatively if any Muslim woman doesn’t have blessings like freedom, she is better to be wed a Muslim man.

    There may be some reasons to like any idolatress or non-Muslim woman, for instance she may be rich, she may have a lot of wealth and property, she may be beautiful and elegant, she may be well educated, she may belong to a higher family/dynasty, she may be unraveled, she may be excellent and worthy, she may have all qualities which should be in a complete woman, but all these characteristics of an idolatress woman are valueless in front of a Believer woman still the basic principles of the life of this idolatress woman are wrong.

    Converse to her, many reasons may be found to dislike a believing bondwoman. For example she may be ugly, poor or illiterate and maidservant/female slave. But despite all these things she is superior to the idolatress near Allah Almighty due to her belief. So it has been commanded to prefer this type of woman for wedding.

    The life of husband becomes difficult automatically if he weds any idolatress woman. Difference of opinion and dispute in each matter, contention in domestic affairs, difference of opinion in the matter of children’s education and civilization, this type of strife affects badly not only upon the husband but there is risk to affect also upon the children. The children don’t find the straight path in front of them. The father teaches them according to his religion whereas the mother advises them some other thing.

    However if any Muslim bondwoman is wedded then these types of difficulties and entanglements will not be faced. Because the children will remain anyhow Muslims, and being a Muslim is better than infidelity and ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, wishing they are children of a bondwoman. Now a day still the reproach of slavery has been finished from the world due to remedies of Islam. There is no slave male or female now. So this verse strengthens only the restriction which has come in the first part of the verse about marriage with any idolatress and infidel woman.

    When this verse revealed, at that time the slaves and bondwomen were present. At the same time it was admonished that there were some social harms also to wed any Muslim bondwoman. But those are less than the badness and intricacies which grow due to wedding a non-Muslim life partner (woman). Today also we can understand from it that Islamic thought is the best to produce married relationships and connections. It should be kept in mind about the matter of bondwomen that their children will be slaves till the time they are not the children of the master of bondwoman. The children of free woman will remain independent, desiring their father is from any kind, and it is final that now a day bondwomen and slaves are not held.


    Marriage With Idolaters 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 221c    of  286, Section – 27 (Part – 2)


    And give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe. And lo! A believing slave is better than an idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and Allah inviteth unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness by His Grace, and expoundeth thus His Revelations to mankind that haply they may remember.

    Wa  laa  tunkihul-mushrikiina  hattaa  yu’-minuu.  Wa  la-‘abdum-mu’-minun- khayrum-mim-mushrikinw-wa  law  ‘a’-jabakum.  Ulaaa-‘ika yad-‘uuna  ‘ilan-Naar.  Wallaahu  yad-‘uuu  ‘ilal-Jannati  wal-mag-firati  bi-‘iznih.  Wa  yu-bayyinu  ‘aayaatihii  lin-naasi  la-‘allahum  yatazakkaruun.



    laa  tunkihu – don’t marry (your daughters with idolaters), here Muslim men are being addressed that “don’t give your daughters in marriage to idolaters”. This order is not being delivered direct to the women that ‘do not wed idolaters’. Reason is clear that marriage of the girl/woman is arranged always through her father or patron/guardian.

    ‘ilan-Naar – towards the Fire, that is to say they call towards the faiths and acts, end of which is Hell.

    ‘ilal-Jannati  wal-mag-firati – unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness, namely God Almighty induces towards Belief and Islam, and Admonishes to adopt the way of life which leads to the Paradise and forgiveness.

    bi-‘iznih – by His Grace, ‘izn means power, intention and sanction.

    It was commanded to the Muslims in the first part of the verse, “Wed not idolatresses till they believe” though you like them very much. Now it is being ordered in this part, “Give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters till they believe”. Scholars have explained that if the husband has rejected Islam then his wife will not remain any more his life partner. Their marriage which was till now lawful will unlock automatically immediately. And this woman can wed any Muslim after completion her Iddat. It has also been explained that if the husband and wife (both) were already Infidel and now the wife has become Believer then there is no form of remaining wedlock except that the husband also embraces Islam.

    Now it has been cleared again that though the idolater please you much, in each condition a Muslim slave is better than a non Muslim, because which results of marriage  with idolater declare, those are very frightful. The idolaters will preach much worse and that will become cause of throwing you in to the Fire of Hell.


    Fact About Menstruation  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 222a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    They question thee (O Muhammad)   concerning menstruation. Say: It is an illness, so let women alone  at such times

    Wa  yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil-  mahiiz.  Qul  huwa  ‘azaa,  fa’-tazilun-nisaaa-‘a  fil-mahiiz.



    Mahiiz – (menstruation), mahiiz is that blood which comes to the women each month. It is also called monthly course and menses. It is an illness. Other nations of the world have determined it too as foul blood as well as medical specialists claim that it is detective blood. According to color, smell and particles this blood is also different from the normal blood. It has extremely fury.

    fa’-tazilu- (so let women alone) this word has been derived from ‘A’-tazaal which means here “remain away from that woman for the process of intercourse with her”.

    Reason for revelation of this verse is that during the times of Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the worshippers of fire and the Jews used to think impure to eat and drink foods made by the women during the period of menses at one side. Some people didn’t think legal to keep women in their houses during this period. Hindus still don’t eat things made by them during menstruation. On the other side Christians didn’t use to avoid intercourse during these days.

    Companions (God Almighty may be agreed upon them) asked Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) about this matter. Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) called it worse inflation and deflation and said neither too much hatred is needed not to let the woman remain in their houses and think as impure meal made by their hands, nor should be so much negligence that not to avoid from intercourse but straight way is that avoid from the process of intercourse in this condition and in addition eating, drinking and living together is lawful.

    Holy Qur’an is a perfect Code for life. It gives advises and orders in all the departments of life which belong to human being and naturally in it mankind not only eats, drinks and sleeps with one another (husband and wife) but their sexual appetite, desire of having children and desire to make special connections are also produced. So Holy Qur’an gives proper orders for them.

    Other nations selected exaggerated way. Holy Qur’an told that during this period just sexual contact is prohibited. Other things like sitting and standing, eating and drinking do not have any connection with it. These all acts are lawful.

    Azaa – (illness) Holy Qur’an called the menstruation as impureness. Its other meanings are pain and trouble. It is possible that because of that pain and trouble, the intercourse is forbidden in these days. Today medically it is proved that in these days connection can be reason of different diseases. Doctors also prevent from it.


    After The Days Of Menstruation  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 222b    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    And go not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.

    Wa  laa taqrabuu-hunna  hatta  yat-hurn.  Fa-‘izaa  ta-tahharna  fa’-tuu-hunna  min  hay-su  ‘amara-kumul-laah.  ‘Innal-laaha  yuhibbut-Tawwaa-biina  wa  yuhibbul-Muta-tahhiriin.



    ‘At-Tawwaa-biina – (who turn unto Him), it aims all those people who whenever are wrong by chance, afterward they renounce solemnly and become much ashamed.

    ‘Al-Muta-tahhiriin – (who have a care for cleanness), it signifies particularly towards those persons who remain away from their wives (ignore the act of intercourse) during their days of menstruation (until they are cleansed).

    In the former lesson the Holy Qur’an had determined the menstruation as illness and nastiness. It has been told in this verse that whenever this foul blood stops and the woman cleanses then it is lawful to sleep together (intercourse process is permitted). This lawful act should be done natural and with the lawful method. It should not be done with un-natural method.

    We have learnt in the previous lessons that Allah Almighty has kept sexual attraction between the male and female, and with the sensual process although both persons get enjoyment but this enjoyment is not the last aim. Real aim and result of the relationship between husband and wife is attainment of children. Forgetting it if any person wants to get enjoyment from any other method then it will be quite unlawful.

    It has been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that the nation of Prophet Lot (peace be upon him) had fallen in sodomy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) made them to understand but they didn’t agree entirely, and at last God Almighty ruined them with His anguish and made them example for forthcoming breeds/people. So it should be kept in mind that if the human beings will indulge in that sin again then His agony may come again upon them.

    In the last Holy Qur’an says that Allah Almighty likes those persons who turn unto Him, who renounce solemnly, become ashamed due to their wrong and abstain from committing any error/sin in future. So if any person has committed this sin in the past, then he should do the repentance at once, God Almighty will forgive him. Allah Almighty likes those people who remain cleansed.


    Status Of The Wife  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 223a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will,

    Nisaaa-‘ukum  harsul-lakum;  fa’-tuu  harsakum  ‘an-naa  shi’-tum;



    Hars – (agricultural land, farm), that piece of land is called hars where seed is sown and vegetable, grain and vegetation are gotten as though the wife is the source of producing children and increasing your breed/race.

    Allah Almighty has cleared in this verse about true position of the wife in connection with wedding relationship. That is to say, the wife is like a farm for her husband, and as the farmer he keeps his farm very precious supposing it as his very big wealth, watches and guards it, earns grain from it, likewise the husband should also consider his wife as his very great fortune. He should watch and guard her, and get children from her.

    As though it is proved that near Islam the real purpose of intercourse is only attainment of the children. Even its other aspects like demand of sensual pleasure have not been ignored too. It has also been evident that control over this production (birth control) is not a natural issue, because which stupid farmer would be that who sows the seeds but doesn’t want the crop, uproots the plant before its growth. Then this matter also enlightens that as the farmer prays for pity rain from God Almighty, discloses his wish to bud and blossom the crop, like this the husband should also pray for getting virtuous children from God Almighty.

    Allah Almighty Has admonished very much quoting the example of tilth (farm). Would that the human beings may think upon this instance and make happy these relations lastly with reliance of their lives.

    ‘An-naa  shi’-tum – (as you wish), ‘an-naa means ‘where’, it is also used for the meanings of ‘when, just as’. How the Holy Qur-‘an has advised about this matter pointing it with wisdom that there is no restriction on the method and time. But it has been forbidden to destroy one’s strength and race adopting the un-natural method. More detail will be discussed in the next lesson (last part of this verse).


    Care For The Next Life (Doomsday)  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 223b    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    And send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah. And know that ye will (one day) meet Him. And give glad tidings to believers, (O  Muhammad).

    Wa  qaddimuu  li-‘anfusikum.  Wattaqul-laaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annakum-mulaa-quuh.  Wa  bashshiril-Mu’-miniin.  



    It has been clarified earlier that our life doesn’t finish after death, but enters in to a new era, and its comfort or vexation depends there upon those deeds which we do in this world. Good or bad reflection of this life’s deeds and acts lies down in the shape of that life’s success or failure. This world is the place of test and examination. We have to make provision for future enduring hardness and troubles here. That Day of Resurrection is the place to get reward or punishment for the deeds done by us during this life.

    The relations between male and female had been mentioned in the previous lesson, and it was told that the real purpose of husband and wife’s sensual meeting is gain of children and breed. Now it has been reminded in this part of the verse positively that “Do something regularly for your future and don’t drown in the worship of sexual pleasure entirely at that very time of sensual pleasure’s engagement. Moreover make your pleasures also the obedience and worship, and it can be made if you consider making the result better at the time of doing each work”.

    It has been emphasized again and again to have fear of God Almighty that the human should keep in mind Allah Almighty during every condition of life, like during sitting, standing, sleeping, awaking, eating and drinking etc. He should proceed on straight path escaping from abundance and Deflation. In the end God Almighty commands His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to give glad tidings of good rewards to the Believers, who have following qualities:

    1.   Keeping the words Qaddimuu  li-‘anfusikum (send (good        deeds) before you for your souls) in mind a Believer has the concept of his future. He doesn’t make the pleasure and lust his ‘required’. But he keeps in foresight better results and end.

    1.  It is the aim to tell the order of ‘Ittaqul-laaha repeatedly that the Muslim has to become an incomparable mankind remaining under the limits of God fearing and abstinence. The world will envy looking him.


    1.    Mulaa-quuh – (you will ‘one day’ meet Him) It is being reminded at the very time of mentioning the sexual matters that finally you will have to be present in the Court of God Almighty. Cautious! Don’t do so act due to which you would have to feel ashamed.


    Use Of Wrong Oaths  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 224    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.

    Wa  laa  taj-‘alullaaha  ‘urzatal-li-‘ay-maanikum  ‘an-tabarruu  wa  tattaquu  wa  tus-lihuu  bay-nan-naas.  Wallaahu  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim. 



    ‘Urzatan – (aim), this word is also used for hindrance and shield/target. Here it means hindrance only.  


    Samii-‘un – (Hearer), God Almighty Hears all the talks of human being as well as each creature. So the mankind should think before speak every matter.    


    ‘Aliimun – (Knower), Allah Almighty Knows better the states and conditions of the human. So he should keep purity and sincerity in his intention each time.

    Tabarruu – (treat with kind), this word has been derived from the word Barr, which means goodness.

    Whenever the persons used to displease upon any other, they used to make God Almighty, by their oaths that they would neither go toward him nor speak with him and nor try to make a truce between them with whom he has quarreled, even that if the displeasures had been between the near relatives, and then these oaths used to become pretence for leaving many good deeds. At the very time if any body used to say, “Why did you leave to do these acts?” then they used to feign that they had made the oath for this action.

    Even it was also worse to leave the good actions, what it had become bad that using the name of Allah Almighty, the Great they used to grow the situation of escaping from the good deeds. This verse is signifying towards this matter and it is being ordered that “don’t do so in future and if any body has sworn already then it is sufficient to break that oath and expiate. The scholars have also disliked often swearing in abundance and without any necessity, because due to this reason the name of Allah Almighty is devalued, and it is also not good to call the name of God Almighty for the bad deeds.

    Allah Almighty is Great, Glorious and Owner of the entire universe. His Name has also Grandeur and Grace. It is very bad to make witness so much High and Excelled Name upon the bad deeds. Then it is worst to use His name for defense for not doing the good acts. Allah Almighty doesn’t prevent from good actions, so this excuse is quite meaningless. The name of God Almighty should never be used for oath for the likewise deeds, and if any person has already sworn erroneously then he should break it and expiate.


    False Oaths  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 225    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for that which your hearts have garnered. And Allah is Forgiving, Clement.

    Laa  yu-‘aakhizu-kumul-laahu  bil-lagwi  fiii  ‘ay-maani-kum  wa  laakiny-yu-‘aakhizu-kum- bimaa  kasabat  quluubu-kum.  Wallaahu  Gafuurun  Haliim. 



    Bil-lagwi  fiii  ‘ay-maani-kum – (your unintentional oaths), false oaths means the oaths which are spoken either unintentional due to ignorance or those slip from the tongue only due to malice, and adulteration of a lie enters into them without intention. Learned men have told that there are many kinds of false oaths. Their relation may be also with past events as well as with the habit that the person uses to swear without reason, swear in each affair. The scholars have strongly disapproved this act.

    Gafuurun – (Forgiving), Allah Almighty is Great Forgiving. Due to His this Dignity He forgave the punishment against the false oaths like these.

    Haliim – (Clement), it also means Mild, Patient and Merciful. God Almighty is Great Clement. Taking His Position into account He doesn’t punish for false oaths too. Moreover He postpones the punishment so that the mankind may get the chance of repentance. .

    It was stated in the previous verse, “And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind”. These kinds of oaths haven’t any value. For example if someone says, “By God I shall never go to the mosque for prayer”. It is a false oath because Allah Almighty orders to offer prayers in the mosque. And this fellow is using His name refraining from this act.

    Now it is being commanded in this verse, “that oath is reliable which is sworn whole heartedly”, not that which is sworn habitual or false and emphasizing it.

    Unintentional oaths are pardonable. The aim is that he should expiate against the broken oaths and should abstain from the false oaths like these in future. Islam doesn’t like this type of childishness and lowness.


    Beginning Of Divorce  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 226 & 227    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

    227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.

    226.  Lillaziina  yu’-luuna  min-nisaaa-‘ihim  tarabbusu  ‘arba-‘ati  ‘ash-hur.  Fa-‘in-faaa-‘uu  fa-‘innallaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.


    227.  Wa  ‘in  azamut-talaaqa  fa-‘innallaaha Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.




    Yu’-luuna – (who forswear), this word is derived from ‘iilaa which means forswear. Idiomatically its object is to swear living separate from the wife. It was common custom in the Arabians that whenever they became rage, they forswore remaining separate from their wives.

    Talaaq – (divorce), according to law disconnecting the mutual relations entirely between husband and wife is called ‘divorce’, repudiation. Different methods about divorce were customary in the world before Islam. There was no restriction or responsibility in the matter of divorce between Jews. Whenever any person wished, he got rid of his wife writing a divorce letter only. The wife could wed another husband at the same time. Comparing this freedom the Christians chose very difficult manner. They kept no accommodation for husband and wife to be separate, except that the wife becomes guilty of fornication. The same condition is of the Indian religion. The divorce is still unlawful for them till today. On the contrary Islam adopted the way of temperance.

    It was mode of Arabians that after forswear, which was a kind of divorce near to them, used to become free from paying the expenditures of his wife, performing other duties and responsibilities for her. Islam corrected this rule and told that forswear is not equal to breaking marriage, but it is only the beginning. Islam has determined length of time for meditation and consideration and period for this long time kept four months, which is quite sufficient for this purpose that the husband may think with cool heart on all aspects and this important matter of separation from his wife.

    Islam has put its permission that if the husband feels faithfully that if his life partner either doesn’t cooperate with him or doesn’t fulfill his lawful desires, then he should divorce her, despite it that they pine away their entire lives, remain displeased from one another. It is better that they should be disconnected.                  



    Term (‘Iddat)  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 228a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)


    Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart,   three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.

    Wal-mutallaqaatu  yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  salaasata  quruuu’.  Wa  laa ya—hillu  lahunna  ‘any-yaktumna  maa khalaqallaahu  fiii  ‘ar-haa-mihinna  ‘in-kunna    yu’-minna  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.



    ‘Al-mutallaqaatu – (the divorced women), each that woman who has been divorced, is called mutallaqah. According to the religious laws it aims only those wives, who are free, adult and act of intercourse has been performed with them, not those women who are lawful bondwomen, minor and who have not been touched with any adult male.

    Yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna – (they shall wait, keeping themselves apart), for instance it should not be so that hither the husband divorced her wife and thither she wedded any other husband. Likewise this relation will become just a game.

    Salaasata  quruuu-‘in – (three (monthly) courses), literal meaning of qur’ is only a specified period but here it means menstruations.

    Maa khalaqAllaahu – (which Allah has created), the thing which is in the womb, that is to say; if she is pregnant then she should not conceal her pregnancy.

    It has been mentioned in this verse that if the husband has divorced her wife then that woman should not marry immediately another husband. Moreover she would have to wait not less than three (monthly) courses. There are many advisabilities for example; the husband gets chance of consideration and meditation with cool heart. On the other side belief regarding pregnancy becomes matured. Like this the children of one person can’t get the other. So it is duty of the woman that she should disclose which is in her belly.

    This term is called ‘iddat in the Divine law of Religion. As though two lessons have been commanded here:

    1.   It is reasonable to wait for a specified period after divorce.

    2.   If she is pregnant then she should not conceal but disclose it. There are uncountable moral and social advantages in these both orders.

    The matters which are being discussed continuously regarding divorce in this part of Holy Qur-’an, demand our special attention, because in the present epoch the divorce has become a joke in the world. A few women would be in the West who don’t get divorce, and they are tyrannized in the East but are not divorced. There is a dire need to publicize this temperate teaching of Islam now a day.


    Return & Position Of Husband And Wife  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 228b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    Wa  bu- uulatuhunna  ‘ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna  fii  zaalika  ‘in  ‘araaduuu  ‘islaahaa.  Wa la-hunna  mislullazii  ‘alayhinna  bil-ma’-ruuf,  wa  lir-rijaali  ‘alayhinna  darajah.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.



    Zaalika – (in that case, in it), that is to say in the term/period of three months.

    ‘Ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna – (they have more rights to take them back). This proves from it that the husband should not take quite last decision till the time he can delay and it is better if they both (husband and wife) establish themselves again from the beginning, and the time of their separation doesn’t come forever.

    The Divine law of Islam has kept it lawful only as remedy at the time of necessity and last proposal. It has neither been induced positively to divorce, nor is it liked without need. The words “ ‘Abgazul-mubahaat” have been used in one Hadith out of the Sayings of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) which means ‘most disliked deed near God Almighty out of fixed lawful acts by Him’ i.e. the divorce. So after meditation and consideration the husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire reconciliation. They can cancel the divorce. Technically it is called looking back (towards marriage).

    After permitting return (to wife) Allah Almighty has also admonished that the divorce should only be abolished if both the life partners remain in peace and truce with one another in future, and it should not be the purpose to torture the woman. Although the husband can cancel the divorce legally, but his good behavior doesn’t relate to the law, moreover it depends only on his courtesy and good intention. So the human should adopt passage of good outward and natural behavior.

    Then it is told that as the men have rights over the women, like this the women also have rights over men. It has been intimated to the world, “you should not deem that only the men have rights over the women, as well as they also have rights over men. However the man has some degree above the woman in excellence and merit. This excellence and virtue of the man is due to his wisdom and power. These all orders are from God Almighty which we have to admit because He is most Mighty and Wise.


    Revocable Divorce – Revocable, Cancellation Of   

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 229a    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from them aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah.

    ‘At-talaaqu  marrataan:  fa- ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  ‘aw tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan.  Wa laa  yahillu  lakum  ‘an-    ta’-khuzuu  mimmaaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an  ‘illaaa  ‘any-yakhaafaaa  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa Huduudallaah. 



    Fa- ‘imsaakum – (then (a woman) must be retained), namely to retain that wife who has already been divorced once.

    Bima’-ruufin – (in honour, according to the Divine Rule of religion), its detail can be gotten from the religious law books.

    Bi- ‘ihsaan – (in kindness) removing tense and unpleasant condition which had become object of divorce. Dishearten, scorn or lowering the woman down should not be the purpose.

    Maaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an – (taking from the women aught of that which you have given them), common Commentators have explained it as the amount of kindness (Maher) but some Scholars have extended it as entire that wealth and goods which the husband has given to her wife i.e. ornaments and clothes etc.

    It was custom before Islam that the husband used to divorce her wife many times as he wished, but then he used to revoke from it. This verse revealed to remove this evil and told that revocation can be only after divorcing two times. He has been empowered up to two divorces that if the husband wishes during the time of term (‘iddat), then either he can retain her according to rule or leave her with kindness. But after the expiry of term (‘iddat) revocation doesn’t remain more. However if they both agree, they can re-marry. And if he has divorced at the third time, then there is no chance of re-marry too, till the time that woman doesn’t live in any other husband’s home and that husband either doesn’t die or divorce her.

    Sometimes the husband divorces in anger, and then he also oppresses to snatch that entire wealth or goods which he has given to her wife till now. In the days of ignorance this rule had been spread more in the Arabians. Here this cruel principal has been prohibited and declared that amount of the kindness (Maher) etc which you have already paid, can not get back now.

    Mean of ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  and tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan is that if the husband revokes then he should remain and live with honour and kindness, and if he wants to bid her good-bye then also he should see her off with comfort and nicely. It means that stress of kindness and good behavior is in all conditions.


    Khula’ – Kind Of Divorce By Wife  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 229b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    And if ye fear that ye may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin on either if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah, transgress them not. And whoso transgresseth Allah’s limits, such are wrongdoers.

    Fa-‘in  khiftum  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa  Huduudallaahi,  falaa  junaaha  ’alayhimaa  fiimaf-tadat  bih.  Tilka  Huduudullaahi  falaa ta’-taduuhaa.  Wa  many-yata-‘adda  Huduudallaahi  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humuz-zaalimuun.  



    Reason of revelation of this verse is that a woman came in the court of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and requested that he was displeased from her husband. She did not want to live in her husband’s house. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) asked about its reason. She answered, “My husband does neither neglect in performing my rights and nor I have any objection on his manners and customs. But I naturally hate him. I don’t want to see his figure. If I would not have the fear of Islam, then I wish to spit on his face”. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) caused to return the kindness (Maher) and divorce her.

    It has been commanded by Allah Almighty in this verse to the Muslims that if they have fear that the husband and wife are displeased from one another, and they may not live together, then there is no sin for them if they become separate. The woman can set free herself from marriage paying her wealth to her husband and the husband can get back that wealth. The name of this particular form of divorce (desirous of which is the woman) is called Khula’ (kind of divorce which is a right of the woman to let free from marriage). Instructions about Khula’ are available in the books of ‘the religious laws’ in detail.

    It is evident from this verse that Islam commands us in each matter for correction and betterment of our families, domestic affairs and social relations. If a man is displeased from his wife and considers it difficult to remain together with his wife then he can get freedom from her. Like this if the wife thinks that it is impossible to live in her husband’s home then she also can get freedom from her husband. Purpose of this is only correction of affairs in each form, making the marriage relations better as it may be possible somehow or other. In the last it has been warned that these are the limits and conditions (imposed by) Allah, so transgress them not because transgressing these limits is very big sin. Islam desires that the world’s society should be established on goodness and God fearing. Nobody should tyrannize or oppress any other person. These limits are called Huduudullaah.





    Form Of Reconciliation – From Divorce  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah; He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.

    Fa-‘in-  tallaqahaa  falaa  tahillu  lahuu  mim- ba’-du  hattaa  tankiha  zawjan  gayrah.  Fa-‘in  tallaqahaa  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-himaaa ‘any-yataraaja-‘aaa  ‘in  zannaaa  ‘any-yuqiimaa  Huduu-dallaah.  Wa  tilka  Huduudul-laahi  yubayyi-nuhaa  liqawminy-ya’-lamuun.      



    mim- ba’-du – (thereafter), it means after the third divorce.

    Tankiha – (she has wedded), this word has been derived from Nikaah which means marriage. It has been commanded in this verse that after the third divorce the divorced woman will not remain lawful for her first husband till the time she doesn’t wed any other person and get divorce from her second husband. Here the word “tankiha” has not been used for the idiomatically meaning as wedding, but it has been used here for its original and literal meaning as ‘intercourse’, because only understood meaning of the marriage has already come out from zawjan,  so the aim from the word tankiha is to declare intercourse and that is its literal meaning.

    ‘in  zannaaa – (if they consider), that is to say; if they have intention and reliance that thereafter they might be live together with correction and beauty.

    It has been stated in this verse that if the husband doesn’t reconcile after first two divorces then now at the third time namely after the two divorces three months are sufficient for set them make a truce, meditation and consideration. After the third divorce the husband can not revoke the divorce of that woman who was his wife earlier. Moreover it is not possible that they wed again except in case that the woman wed any other person after passing the term (‘iddat) period (three months) and after intercourse, that second husband either divorces her with his pleasure or goes to death, and three months/four months & ten days respectively of the term (‘iddat) period expires.

    It has already been mentioned that Islamic Divine Law doesn’t like the divorce certainly, so restrictions of various sorts have been applied in this matter, and it has been instructed, “Meditate and understand thoroughly before divorce”. Islam provided many opportunities so that they may concord again, but after expiry of all these stages, while the divorce has been finalized, then now there is no chance of concession. Now the husband can’t get back again his wife easily.


    Re-marry After Divorce, Halaalah

    Marriage With Divorced Wife

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)



    Islam is a natural religion and complete Rule under practice for the entire life of human being. It shows the way of acquiring betterment and welfare for the life in this world and Hereinafter. Islam contains completely upon the entire sections of human life. There is none problem of the life solution of which it doesn’t explain and there is no direction, commands about which it doesn’t issue.

    Collective life of the mankind begins from family. If the family life is successful and the relationship between husband and wife are in well condition then it is evident that every person will find oneself in a very good atmosphere. He may be able to do his work with good manner. The children will find superior models for themselves and they will follow their elders on the straight path at the time of their maturity. So Islam makes better the family life of a Muslim. The husband and wife have central position in the dynasty. If there are good relations and mutual cooperation between them, then each child of that family will go ahead upon the way of improvement step by step easily. But if the relationship between husband and wife is in worse condition and they are disunited due to their thoughts and deeds, then it is much difficult for them to move forward collectively, and their misunderstanding will prove fatal also for their children.

    Islam is also apprised this side of human nature and determines lawful to the divorce in case of pressure. If any person wishes to divorce, then he should do so after deep meditation. If the woman feels lamentation due to her husband’s behavior, then she may also be gotten released. But the Divine Law of Religion has imposed some orders and restrictions to realize the importance of married relationships of man and woman, for instance if the husband has devised firm resolve of divorce and doesn’t reconcile during the period of ‘iddat (term) after the second divorce, moreover he divorces her wife third time, then he can’t re-marry with her after it. If he wants to re-wed then its condition is very harsh. That is to say; any other person would have to wed the divorced woman, do the act of intercourse with her and then either divorce her with his will or he dies, and then thereafter she has to complete her ‘iddat period. This remarriage is called literally Halaalah. But after this Halaalah the re-marriage can only be done in this form while both of them establish according to the orders of Allah Almighty, because they both have to think about paying the rights of one another, and have to believe in it. Otherwise situation of the destruction of one another’s rights and their mutual quarrels will come again. And they both will fall in sin.

    Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has cursed those men in one Hadith out of his Sayings, who make it (divorce) their profession, because a man weds a divorced woman for the purpose that he will divorce her again, so that her first husband may re-marry this above-mentioned woman.

    Sorrow that we, the Muslims didn’t recognize the rights of these questions and made the religion droll. Which restrictions were imposed by the Divine Law of Religion on divorce, didn’t care for them. As and when we wanted, we divorced without thinking. Whenever the anger subsided, we gained our wits, began to lament and we chose unlawful forms of Halaalah. All this badness grew due to carelessness from the religion, ignorance, foolishness and not respecting the problems.





    Behavior With The Wives  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 231a    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not with the object of hurting them in order that ye transgress (the limits). And he who doeth that hath wronged his soul.

    Wa ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  fa-‘amsikuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruu-fin  ‘aw  sarrihuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruuf.  Wa  laa  tumsikuuhunna  ziraaral-lita’-taduu.  Wa  many-yaf-‘al zaalika  faqad zalama nafsah.  



    ‘izaa  tallaqtum – (When you have divorced), here it signifies about that once or twice divorced which may be inclined, after which there is still chance of inclination.

    ‘ajalahunna – (their term), it aims that the period of their term is near to end, but has not yet ended. Otherwise meaning of ending of the term period will be that now there is no chance for inclination.

    This rule has been mentioned in this verse that as and when a husband divorces his wife once or twice and he has not yet divorced at the third time, then he can incline before third divorce if he wants, and if he doesn’t wish to incline then he should divorce third time. Or if he remains silent then after the completion of term it will be considered automatically that he doesn’t want to incline and he has finished his relation intentionally with his wife. But it is compulsory that which path will be adopted by the husband out of these two manners, that should be according to the Rule and suitable as per the Divine’s Law of Religion. That is to say; if he wishes to retain his wife then he should return with respect and nobility, and if he wants to disconnect his relation then he should send her wife back from his home with honour and politeness. In short both the forms should be suitable in accord with law and compliments. It should not be so that he inclines to vex and tease his wife, and likewise put her intentionally under his ban.

    Those people who violate the rights of women and take them again in marriage to trouble them, God Almighty stated about them that doing so they have wronged their souls; they damaged themselves at their own. It’s clear that doing so, their homes might not be remained populated. But these will ruin. They themselves also will remain never in peace and comfort. Their domestic lives will become the spring of distresses and troubles. They both will fail in fulfilling the responsibilities of their children. Therefore destruction and ruin will encamp at their homes. If this person divorces after some period too then any noble woman will never be ready to wed him. It is better for the husband that he should behave his wife with good manner, so that he may live also happily and his wife too.


    Clownish Behavior Upon Orders Of God

    Making Laughing-Stock The Orders Of Allah

    Humour On God’s Revelations    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 231b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part – 2)


    Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour). And remember Allah’s Grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of Wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of all things.

    Wa  laa  tattakhizuuu  ‘Aayaatillaahi  hu-zuwaa,  wazkuruu  ni’-matallaahi  ‘alaykum  wa  maaa  ‘anzala    ‘alaykum-minal-Kitaabi  wal-Hikmati  ya-‘izukum-  bih.   Wat-taqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  bikulli  shay-‘in  ‘Aliim.  



    Allah Almighty has warned in this verse, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour)” like that we obeyed only those Orders, which we wished and left those Commands which we thought difficult to be acted upon by us. Moreover, “Abide by the entire Rules completely because your goodness is only in it”.

    First stone of the social life is family and the family life, and fundamental point of the family is good relationship between husband and wife. So it will be quite true and just to say that foundation of the entire nation’s social system depends on execution and correction of rights and duties between husband and wife. If the husband pays his wife’s all rights very gracefully and the wife performs also like this in her husband’s rights, then life of all the society will establish on very strong foundations. But if the relations between husband and wife have been disconnected and any dispute has been created between them, then it is sure that the entire society is in danger. So all the persons who like correction, should engage their attention to this side, they should try that the relations between husband and wife remain firm. Islam has pressed especially this side.

    It has been proved also from this verse through this command, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour)” , for example; at first divorced and then inclined, and said that either the word divorce was used as laughter and humor or it was spoken by chance in emotion.

    There is a lot of wisdom and advisability in these matters of the Divine Law. The human being should think about them and try to reach their depth. Allah Almighty has sent these orders for our guidance and admonition. It is very necessary for us to get advantage from them. God Almighty Knows our intentions. He is Familiar of our ecstasies. There is nothing hidden from Him. To keep the intention pure and settle the matters is very needful for us.


    Assent Of The Woman

    Woman’s Agreement

    Woman’s Wish To Re-Marry  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 232    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. And Allah knoweth; and ye know not.

    Wa  ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  ta’-zuluuhunna  ‘any-yan-kihna  ‘azwaajahunna  ‘izaa  taraazaw  baynahum-  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Zaalika  yuu-‘azu  bihii  man-kaana  minkum  yu’-minu  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.  Zaalikum  ‘azkaa  lakum  wa  ‘athar.  Wallaahu  ya’-lamu  wa  ‘antum  laa  ta’-lamuun.  



    fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna – (when they reach their term), translation of fabalagna is ‘when they reach’ that is to say; they complete. Meaning of ‘ajalahunna is ‘their term’, specific period, according to Divine Law of Religion which is called ‘iddat.

    ‘izaa  tallaqtum – (when you have divorced), here it has been addressed state forward to the husbands, but this speech is for the entire nation.

    ‘azwaajahunna – (their husbands), it means “their those husbands who are liked by the women”, either they wish to wed any new man or the previous husband who have divorced them once.  


    Taraazaw – (when) it is agreed (between them). It reveals from this word that ‘affirmation’ and ‘approval/reception’ both are pillars of marriage. It is a separate thing that if instead of husband and wife, their guardians or agents (father or any other patron from any side) do ‘affirmation’ and ‘approval/reception’, and they (husband and wife) admit it. Otherwise if they don’t agree then there is no marriage.

    Reason for revelation of this verse is that a woman was divorced by her husband once or twice and didn’t incline during the period of term. When the period of ‘iddat expired, then along with other persons he also sent message for marriage. The woman was agreeing but her brother was in a rage and he stopped her sister’s marriage with her first husband. So then it was revealed in the Holy Qur-’an that pleasure and welfare of the woman should be kept in front, the marriage should be done with her agreement. One’s thought and displeasure shouldn’t interfere. However if there is something wrong according to rules, for example; if she wants to wed any other person during her first husband’s term, then surely he has right to stop this marriage.


    Length Of Time For Suckling

    Suckling Duration

    Time-lag To Suckle The Child  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 233a    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that   is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No one should be compelled beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child.

    Wal-waalidaatu  yurzi’-na  ‘awlaada-hunna  haw-layni  kaa-milayni  liman  ‘araada  ‘any-yutimmar-razaa-‘ah.  Wa  ‘alal-mawluudi  lahuu  rizquhunna  wa  kiswatuhunna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Laa  tukallafu  nafsun  ‘illaa  wus-‘ahaa.  Laa  tuzaaarra  waalidatum-bi-waladihaa  wa  laa mawluudul-lahuu  bi-waladihii;   



    razaa-‘ah – (length of time for suckling), in the Divine Law of Islam natural length of time for suckling has been fixed two complete years. More duration or less has been left upon mutual willingness between husband and wife. Detail of these orders will be discussed in this and coming lessons.

    ‘al-waalidaatu – (women having child), it aims the mothers of the children. Either they are in marriage or have been divorced.

    It has been narrated in this verse that the mother should suckle the child for two years and this length of time is for those mothers and fathers who wish to complete the duration of suckling. Otherwise it is lawful also to lessen this period, as it will come at the end of the verse. Those mothers come in this instruction too, whose marriage still stands and those who either have been divorced or their term has passed. Difference will be only that the feeding and clothing of the wife is compulsory upon the husband in each condition.

    It has been known from this verse that length of time for the mother who will suckle the child or the father who has to pay the charges of suckling to the mother of his child is complete two years. Then it has also been disclosed that the father will have to provide feeding and clothing to the mother of the child in each condition. In the first form she is in his marriage and in the second he has to pay remuneration of suckling the child, and the parents of the child should not anyhow vex each other, for example; either the mother should not refuse to suckle the child without any reason or the father should not get suckled his child separating him from his mother without reason or he should not narrow in paying her feeding and clothing.


    Suckling – Other Rules

    Altered Orders About Suckling

    Some Other Orders Of Suckling    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 233b    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provided that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.

    Wa  ‘alal-waarisi  mislu  zaalik.  Fa-‘in  ‘araadaa  fisaalan  ‘an  taraazim-min-humaa  wa  tashaa-wurin-  falaa  junaaha ‘alayhi-maa.  Wa  ‘in  ‘arattum  ‘an- tas-tar-zi-‘uuu  ‘awlaadakum  falaa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘izaa  sallamtum-maaa  ‘aataytum-  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wattaqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Basiir.  



    ‘al-waarisi – (heir), heir means that intimate relative who is lawful heir after the father.

    mislu  zaalik – (incumbent) the like of that, it means that as incumbent (protection of rights) regarding the child’s mother is on the father, like this the incumbent is also on the nearest relative after the father.

    It is father’s responsibility to bear the expenses for bringing up his child and when he dies, then it is the order that if the child is owner of wealth/property, then his expenditures will be taken from that wealth, and if he doesn’t have any wealth/property, then those persons who are out of his intimate rich relatives, and besides being intimate relatives they are also lawful heirs, then it is their duty to bear the child’s expenditures. Reason for assuming the charges of an innocent suckling child on others, is that the child has not virtue to bring him up himself. Another thing also appears from it that expenses for the lives of poor women, cripple men and minors are incumbent on their relatives.

    After that it has also been instructed that if the parents want to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, then it is no sin for them. The mother has more right to bring the child up due to her kindness feelings. So the matters relating to the child have not been left on the opinion of only father. Then it has been cleared too that in some circumstances when it has become necessary to get suckled the child from any other woman, then it is no sin also, provided that she has been paid remuneration.




    Term Of The Widow

    ‘Iddat (Term)

    Widow’s Term (‘Iddat)    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 234    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    And such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months and ten days. Then when they reach the term (prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with themselves in decency. And Allah is Aware of what ye do.

    Wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaajany-yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  ‘arba-‘ata  ‘ash-hurinw-wa  ‘ashraa.  Fa-‘izaa  balagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-kum  fiimaa  fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Khabiir.     



    yatarab-basna – (they shall wait, keeping apart), it aims that after the death of husbands, the wives will keep themselves in waiting. Technical name of this period of waiting is ‘Term’ (‘iddat). The woman who is divorced, her term is complete three months and the widow’s term is four months plus ten days. If the widow is pregnant, then her term is until the delivery of her child. To dress, decorate or embellish (make-up) is not lawful for the woman during the days of term.

    Other religions of the world did not show any proper favor for the widow. Moreover Hinduism ordered the widow to burn alive in the fire (to be sati). Islam has granted the right to the widow to remain alive with full opportunities and determined this order that the women shall wait, keeping themselves apart, just four months and ten days with effect from the dates of their husbands’ death. She should not draw attention towards her marriage and it’s related other matters. She should not decorate herself during this term. If she feels that she is pregnant, then her term will change, and she would have to prevent herself from re-marriage until delivery.

    When the term of widowhood will end, then there is no objection in sending the message for re-marriage. Here it has been addressed the entire nation, that is to say; there is no sin or objection for keeping lawful to re-marry like this matter. It has also cleared that if any person does something unlawful, which is against the precepts of religion, then it is others’ duty that they should challenge him according to their spirit and power. Otherwise it will be sin also for them. So they should look in to the matter that after the term of widowhood, which act will be done by the woman, that should not be out of the Divine Law and custom. Remember! God Almighty is full Aware about your deeds. Your all actions (good or bad) will be reckoned on the Day of Resurrection and you will be rewarded or punished according to your character roll.


    Message For Re-Marriage

    Indication To Re-marry

    Re-Marriage – Messaging For    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 235    of  286, Section – 30 (Part – 2)


    There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or hide in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allah knoweth that ye will remember them. But plight not your troth with women except by uttering a recognized form of words. And do not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run. And know that Allah knoweth what is in your minds, so beware of Him;   and know that Allah is Forgiving, Clement.

    Wa  laa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fiimaa  ‘arraztum-  bihii  min  khitbatin-nisaaa-‘i  ‘aw  ‘aknan-tum  fiii  ‘anfusikum.  ‘Ali-mal-laahu  ‘annakum  satazkuruuna-hunna  wa  laakillaa  tuwaa-‘iduu-hunna  sirran  ‘illaaa  ‘an-taquu-luu  qawlam—ma’-ruufaa.  Wa  laa  ta’-zimuu  ’uqdatan-Nikaahi  hattaa  Yablugal-Kitaabu  ‘ajalah.  Wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  ya’-lamu  maa fiii  ‘anfusi-kum fah-zaruuh..  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  Gafuurun  Haliim.



    It has been told in this verse that if the widow or divorced woman has been passing her period of term, then there is no vexation in it that any man establishes intention in his heart to wed her. But he should not bring it on his tongue or if he talks about it then he should use only the recognized form of word. It is unlawful to disclose one’s will to marry her clearly. A weakness of the human is being commanded here, that is to say; if the woman is liked by any person and she has lodged in his heart, then that person surely brings her mention on his tongue. So it is warned that it is not lawful to promise for marriage openly or secretly during her this duration of grief. Do not plight your troth before end of the prescribed term.


    Divorce Before Touching

    Divorced While Not Yet Touched

    Before Touching – Divorce    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 236    of  286, Section – 31 (Part – 2)


    It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion. Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a bounden duty for those who do good.

    Laa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘in  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna  ‘aw  taf-rizuu  lahunna  fariizah.  Wa  matti-‘uu- hunn.  ‘Alalmuusi-‘i  qadaruhuu  wa  ‘alalmuqtiri  qadaruh.  Mataa-‘am-bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haq-qan  ‘alal-Muhsiniin. 



    maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna – (the women to whom) you have not yet touched, it aims ‘not yet having sex’ and ‘not yet performed the act of intercourse’ with the women.

    matti-‘uu- hunn – (Provide for them), this word has been derived from mataaa’, that is to say; provide them expenditure and necessities of life. The religious scholars refer it particularly toward dress.

    It has been ordered in this verse that if the portion (maher) was not appointed at the time of marriage and married without pureness, then the portion (maher) will be set after that. However, if the wife has been divorced before touching (before having Sexual intercourse with her) then portion will not be necessary. But it is compulsory for the husband that he should give something to the woman.

    After the divorce, whatever is to be provided to the woman, that will be set according to means of the husband. If the husband is rich, then he should give her a reasonable amount, and if he is distressed then whatever is in his power, he should pay his divorced wife. It has also been urged by increasing the word bil-ma’-ruuf that they should not be narrowed or troubled by their husbands in paying the provision. Moreover it should be according to the customs. Ease of the husband and necessities of the wife should be kept in mind while providing the provision.

    In the last it is told that ‘this is a bounden duty for Muhsiniin’ (those who do good), that each Muslim should behave well with each person. But in the matter of a woman they should set these things more gracefully.


    Divorce And Appointed Portion

    Appointed Portion And Divorce

    Divorce And Portion (Maher)    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 237    of  286, Section – 31 (Part – 2)


    If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye have appointed unto them a portion, then (pay the) half of that which ye appointed, unless they (the women) agree to forgo it, or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage tie. To forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among yourselves. Surely Allah is Seer of what ye do.

    Wa  ‘in- tallaqtumuu-hunna  min- qabli  ‘an-tamassuu-hunna  wa  qad  faraztum  lahunna  farii-zatan- fa-nisfu  maa  faraz-tum  ‘illaaa  ‘any-ya’- fuuna  ‘aw  ya’-fu-wallazii  bi-yadihii  ‘uqdatun-Nikaah.  Wa  ‘an-ta’-fuuu  ‘aqrabu  litaq-waa.  Wa  laa  tansawul-fazla  baynakum.  ‘Innallaaha  bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir. 



    Some more orders regarding the divorced woman and payment of her appointed portion have been mentioned in this verse. If the portion (maher) was appointed at the time of marriage tie, and the time of divorce comes before touching the wife, then half of the appointed portion will be paid compulsorily. But the woman herself or the person in whose hand is the marriage tie, if they excuse entire portion or some part of it, then it is another thing.

    After that it has also been told that if the husband overlooks then it is more reasonable near to piety, because God Almighty bestowed him greatness and authorized him to keep remaining the marriage tie or divorce her wife. If the husband doesn’t pay even half of the portion now and divorces her without touching, then it is not reasonable near to God fearing. Any kind of failure didn’t exist from the side of his wife. As though these became four forms of divorce and portion:

    •  Neither the portion is appointed, nor did husband touch his wife. In this form he should pay some reasonable amount to his wife.
    •  The portion was appointed but he did not touch her. Now half of the appointed portion will be paid by him.
    •  The Portion was appointed and he committed also a sexual intercourse. He will pay complete appointed portion.
    •  The Portion was not appointed but he committed intercourse. In this case he would have to pay the similar portion (Maher Misl).


    Punctuality In Offering Prayers

    Be Guardians Of Prayers

    Prayers – Regularity    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 238 & 239    of  286, Section – 31 (Part – 2)


    238.  Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with devotion to Allah.

    239.  And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.

    238.  Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati  was-Salaatil-wustaa;  wa  quu-muu  lillaahi  qaanitiin.


    239.  Fa-‘in  khiftum  fa-rijaalan  ‘aw  rukbaanaa.  Fa- ‘izaaa  ‘amin-tum  fazkurullaaha  kamaa  ‘alla-makum-maa  lam takuu-nuu  ta’-lamuun.



    Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati – (Be guardians of your prayers), that is to say; regularize your prayers in time. The scholars have categorized three stages of prayer’s punctuality:

    First stage – the prayers should be offered in time, without leaving duties and even obligations (Faraz and Waajib).

    Second Stage – body of the person, who is going to offer prayer, should be clean and pure, humility and spiritless should be in his heart, he should care fully for the practices (sunnahs) of the Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) and mustahibbaat (good works).

    Most Superior Stage – while offering the prayer he should deem that he is looking Allah Almighty and he would have this perception also that God Almighty is looking the devout.

    ‘As-Salaatil-wustaa – (the midmost prayer), aim of this central middle prayer is the ‘Asr Prayer, which is offered between the afternoon (Zuhar) prayer and after sunset (Magrib) prayer. Some scholars consider it as the prayer before sunrise (Fajar prayer).

    qaanitiin – (to stand up) with devotion, this word has been derived from qanuut which means benediction, supplication, prayer, humility, begging, submission and obedience.

    The rights and claims of the wives were being mentioned in the previous verses, and the same discussion will run again ahead. Some orders about prayer have come in the middle. It appears from this discussion that the matters regarding society and its affairs, rules and morality are not separate from the worship. The rights of God Almighty and the rights of His servants (human beings) are going side by side in the Divine Law.

    Between the orders regarding divorce, it can also be the reason of mentioning the order about prayer that the mankind should not forget the worship of his Creator (Allah Almighty), while he is busy in the worldly matters and mutual disputes.

    It has been emphasized strongly about the midmost prayer (‘Asr), because the mankind remains busier in the worldly works at this time (after the afternoon). So attention is drawn to this side that “Do not forget God Almighty while you are engaged in the worldly matters. Moreover continue His mention and worship also”. Here some orders regarding prayers during peace and war have also been explained. If there is a time of battle and fear from enemy then you should offer prayer with signs only while either you are foot soldiers or you have conveyance (riding horse etc).


    Bequeath For The Widow

    Bequest Of The Widow

    Widow – Arrange To Give Her Something    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse – 240-242    of  286, Section – 31-32 (Part – 2)


    240.  (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which they do of themselves within their rights. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.

    241.  And for divorced women is a provision in kindness. A duty for those who ward off (evil).

    242.  Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His Revelations so that ye may understand.

    240.  wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaa-janw-wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim-mataa-‘an  ‘ilal-hawli  gayra  ‘ikh-raaj.  Fa-‘in kharajna  falaa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fii  maa fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  mim-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun- Hakiim.


    241.  wa  lil-mutallaqaati  mataa-‘um- bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haqqan  ‘alal-Muttaqiin. 


    242.  Kazaalika  yubayyinul-laahu  lakum  ‘Aayaatihii  la-‘al-lakum  ta’-qiluun.  



    wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim – (they should bequeath to their wives), these are last verses of this Surah regarding affairs and matters of marriage between husband and wife. God Almighty commanded in it that the husband can produce another facility for his wife, who is being widow due to his forthcoming death, that he should bequeath his heirs for his wife a provision for the year without turning her out and she has right to get concessions.

    Either the woman is divorced or she becomes widow due to fate of God Almighty, either the portion has been appointed or it was not cleared at the time of marriage, in each condition Islam teaches good behavior, forgiveness, overlook and goodness. After it the share of the women in heritance and term were appointed. Now there is no need to act upon this verse.


    Don’t Go In Fear Of Your Lives

    Death Is Beyond Question

    Fear Of Death    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –243    of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    Bethink thee not (O Muhammad) of those of old, who went forth from their habitations in their thousands, fearing death, and Allah said unto them: Die; and then He brought them back to life. Lo! Allah is a Lord of kindness to mankind, but most of mankind give not thanks.

    ‘Alam  tara  ‘ilallaziina  kharajuu  min  diyaarihim  wa  hum  ‘uluufun  hazaralmawt.  Fa-qaala  lahumullaahu  muu-tuu: summa  ‘ah-yaahum.  ‘In-nallaaha  la-Zuu-Fazlin  ‘alan-naasi  wa  laakinna  ‘aksaran-naasi  laa yash-kuruun.   



    ‘Alam  tara – (have you not seen? Did you not bethink?), this method of addressing is chosen in Arabic language at those times when attention is drawn towards any known and much big happening. Here it does not mean to see only with sight, but purpose is to think, meditate and consider with deep thought, and whenever the word ‘ilaa comes with it, then it also aims to teach any lesson from this particular event.

    ‘allaziina  kharajuu – who went forth (from their habitations), it signifies towards the children of Israel, who had left their homes due to fear of death, and the natives of Arab did know very well this important happening.

    This verse signifies towards a very old event, that the children of Israel, who were in thousands, had left their native country due to fear of death (cause of which was either they considered plague or attack of enemy). Neither they believed in fate, nor stood up against the enemy with weapons, moreover went forth with cowardice to save only their own lives. But their running away in this manner did not become useful for them, and they could not escape from the claws of death.

    After seven days one of the Prophets of God Almighty (peace be upon him) prayed for them, and then Allah Almighty brought them back to life, so that they forswear for future and may know that the relation of death and life is in the hands of Some Other Life. Allah Almighty blesses the mankind. The people can not count His favors. They should be very grateful to God Almighty every moment.


    A Goodly Loan

    Lend To God Almighty

    Loan Which Is Increased Manifold    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –244-245    of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    244.  Fight in the Way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower.

    245.  Who is it that will lend unto Allah a goodly loan, so that He may give it increase manifold for him? And Allah straiteneth and enlargeth. And unto Him ye will return.

    244.  Wa  qaa-tiluu  fii  sabiilil-laahi  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.


    245.  Man-zallazii  yuqrizullaaha  Qarzan  Hasanan  fa—yuzaa-‘ifa-huu  lahuuu  ‘az-‘aafan-  kasiirah.  Wallaahu  yaqbizu  wa  yab-sut.  Wa  ‘ilayhi  turja-‘uun.      



    ‘Aliim – (Knower), it denotes that Allah Almighty knows the intentions of heart and announcements by tongue of those persons who try and strive in His Path and who don’t.

    Qarzan  Hasanan – (goodly loan) the loan, after which neither the debtor would be troubled, nor kindness would be shown, nor revenge would be taken and nor the debtor would be despised. In broad terms, it signifies also, each that amount which is spent in any respect of the religion. Here it aims the amount spent in fight (Ji-haad). The Arabs called every act of good remuneration as goodly loan and every act of bad remuneration as bad loan. Though, due to spending the wealth in Fight (Ji-haad) in the Way of Allah is returned many times more in the Hereafter, so this act of spending is determined by Holy Qur’an as goodly loan (Qarzan  Hasanan).

    fa—yuzaa-‘ifa-huu – (so that He may give it increase), it means ‘to increase the future reward and remuneration of this action’. Infinitive mood of this word is ‘Az-’aaf  (to increase manifold).

    Allah Almighty cleared by mentioning about a nation in the previous verse that control of life and death is only in His hand. So, you shouldn’t run away due to fear of enemy. Now it is being ordered clearly for fighting in the Way of Allah (Ji-haad) that “Fight in the Path of Right Religion against its enemies”.

    Arms and equipment, tools and other things are required for war (Ji-haad). So, God Almighty ordered those people who have power to afford it that they should spend their wealth whole heartedly. Allah Almighty will return their sacrifice by increasing it many times (manifold) in this world as well as on the Day of Resurrection. They should never think that due to spending the money in the Way of God Almighty they will become poor.


    Story of Prophet Saul (peace be on him)

    Refrain From Fighting

    Why Should We Not Fight  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –246 of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    Bethink thee of the leaders of the Children of Israel after Moses, how they said unto a Prophet whom they had: Set up for us a king and we will fight in Allah’s Way. He said: Would ye then refrain from fighting if fighting were prescribed for you? They said: Why should we not fight in Allah’s Way when we have been driven from our dwellings with our children? Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, all save a few of them. And Allah is Aware of evildoers.

    ‘Alam  tara  ‘ilal-mala-‘i  mim- Baniii-‘Israaa-‘iila  mim- ba’-di  Muusaa.  ‘Iz qaaluu li-nabiyyil-lahumub-‘as  lanaa Malikan-nuqaatil  fii  Sabiilil-laah.  Qaala  hal  ‘asaytum ‘in- kutiba  ‘alaykumul-qitaalu  ‘al-laa tuqaatiluu.  Qaaluu  wa maa  lanaaa  ‘allaa nuqaatila fii  Sabii-lillaahi  wa  qad ‘ukhrijnaa  min-diyaarinaa wa  ‘abnaaa-‘inaa.  Falammaa kutiba  ‘alay-himul-qitaalu tawallaw  ‘illaa  qaliilam-minhum.  Wallaahu  ‘Aliimum-biz-zaalimiin.



    It has been pointed also in this verse towards an important tale of the history of Israel’s Children. After some times of departing Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him), the Children of Israel gathered in the temple of Jerusalem being confused from the attacks of King Goliath and other enemies, and being helpless from each side. Perhaps this reign was of the Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him). They requested the Prophet of God Almighty (peace be upon him) to appoint for them a commander-in-chief, under whose supervision they may fight. He (Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him) said, “I’m afraid that if it is ordered to Fight (do ji-haad), then would you not refrain from fighting”? They assured that they would fight in Allah’s Way when they had been driven from their dwellings with their children. But when the time for fighting came, they all turned away save a few of them.





    Prophet Saul (peace be on him) As King

    Selection Of C-in-C

    Kingdom Of Saul (peace be upon him)  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –247a of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    Their Prophet said unto them: Lo! Allah hath raised up Saul to be a king for you. They said: How can he have kingdom over us when we are more deserving of the kingdom than he is, since he hath not been given wealth enough?

    Wa  qaala  lahum  Nabiy-yuhum  ‘innallaaha  qad  ba-‘asa  lakum  Taaluuta  Malikaa.  Qaaluuu  ‘annaa  yakuunu  lahul-mulku  ‘alaynaa  wa  nahnu  ‘a-haqqu  bil-mulki  minhu  wa  lam  yu’-ta  sa-‘atam-minal-maal.




    Taaluuta – (Saul son of Kash), after Prophet Moses, Saul (peace be upon them) has been recognized as very great and first king of the children of Israel. His reign is told from 1028 BC to 1012 BC. He (peace be upon him) belonged to Bin-Yaamiin Tribe, which had a customary grade. Any king was never chosen out of that dynasty. Neither they were too much wealthy nor rich.

    Evil-minded Jews criticized this (Saul’s) appointment as king that He (peace be upon him) has not been given enough wealth. He is a poor person. How can a poor person be a king for us (the rich people)? They thought that sovereignty and leadership is the inborn right of the rich-men.

    It is not only resting over the Jews. The materialist nations made always these types of wrong principles, and they deemed the government as bondwoman of the house of rich persons. While this concept is infinite foolish and un-justly, so Allah Almighty declared with clearness this wrong concept of the Jews in His last Scripture for warning of coming breeds, so that nobody may remain in misunderstanding in future, and no nation should suppose the wealth and riches as standard of leadership and exaltation.

    After it if any nation or group imagines the riches as cause of superiority even then, that nation or group would have to face the same punishment which has already been tolerated by the Jews, because the Law of Nature doesn’t change.


    Characteristics Of A Governor

    Qualities Of Commander-in-Chief

    Special Marks Of A King  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –247b of  286, Section –32 (Part – 2)


    He said: Lo! Allah hath chosen him above you, and hath increased him abundantly in wisdom and stature. And Allah bestoweth His sovereignty on whom He will. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.

    Qaala  ‘innallaa-hastafaahu  ‘alaykum  wa  zaadahuu  basta-tan-fil-‘ilmi  wal-jism.  Wallaahu  yu’-tii  mulkahuu  many-yashaaa’.  Wallaahu  waasi-‘un  ‘Aliim.  




    It was mentioned in the first part of this verse that Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him) proclaimed on behalf of Allah Almighty that He has raised up Saul (peace be upon him) to be a king for the children of Israel. But they criticized this selection due to vanity of their richness, that while he (peace be upon him) was not richer than them, then how could he be their king?

    Prophet of God Almighty (peace be upon him) stated following qualities fixed by Allah Almighty for sovereignty and leadership:

    •  Allah has chosen him because He has bestowed him wisdom abundantly.
    •  Stature of Saul (peace be upon him) is more powerful comparatively than all of them.

    basta-tan-fil-‘ilmi – (he has been  given wisdom abundantly), ‘ilm means knowledge about facts and to recognize the secrets. There are uncountable meanings hidden in this one word, all kinds of sciences and arts are included in it, particularly sciences about ruling and governing the world.

    ‘al-jism – (stature), aim is that Saul has more ability regarding strength, power and is more reliable respecting stature than all of you. The person who would have more powers of both (knowledge and stature, he would be able to get preference and leadership over others.

    mulkahuu – (His sovereignty), it’s object is that actual Sovereignty is of Allah Almighty and this Authority is in fact for Him, Who is Alone.

    >>   Sarwari zeba faqat ‘Us Zaati Bay Hamtaa ko hae

    Hukmaraan hae ik Wuhii, baaqi butaani ‘Aazrii

    Now it is Allah Almighty’s especial Favor and Mercy that He gives in charge the service of governing the people to the person, who is most deserving and worthy out of His servants.


    Token Of Kingdom

    Ark – Peace Of Reassurance

    Remnant (Relics) Of Prophets’ House    

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –248 of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    And their Prophet said unto them: Lo! The token of his kingdom is that there shall come unto you the ark wherein is peace of reassurance from your Lord, and remnant of that which the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind, the angels bearing it. Lo! Herein shall be a token for you if (in truth) ye are believers.

    Wa  qaala  lahum  Nabiyyu-hum  ‘inna  ‘aayata-  Mulkihiii  ‘any-ya’-tiyakumut- Taa-buutu  fiihi  sakiinatum-mir-Rab-bikum  wa  baqiyyatum-mimmaa  taraka  ‘Aalu-Muusaa  wa  ‘Aalu- Haaruuna  tahmilu-hul-malaaa- ‘ikah.  ‘Inna  fii  zaalika  la- ‘aayatal-lakum  ‘in- kuntum- Mu’-miniin. 




    ‘At- Taa-buutu – (Ark), Chest containing tables of the law of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him), original Scripture of Torah and sacred relics of the Prophets from the children of Israel . The name of this box is also Taa-buuti Sakiinah. It was the greatest national inheritance for the children of Israel. They used to keep it with them every time even during journey and war. They used to consider it as very auspicious and place it in front specially during war so that Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta-‘aala might bestow them victory with its blessings.

    Prophet Samuel (peace be upon him) appointed Prophet Saul (peace be upon him) as King of the children of Israel by the Order of Allah Almighty. In that case He (peace be upon him) also told for their satisfaction that outward token of his kingdom is your that blessed Ark which was snatched by Goliath from you. You will get back that Ark during the rule of Saul (peace be upon him).

    It has been known from the history that from the time when the Palestinians had snatched this Ark from the children of Israel, they could never live with comfort. Wherever (in any place or city) they used to keep it, either any contagious disease used to burst or any calamity used to come there. At last they decided being frustrated that they should get rid of this Ark. So they loaded this Ark in a bullock cart and drove it without any Cartman. The Angels (peace be upon them) of God Almighty brought it at the Saul’s door (peace be upon him). After looking this token the children of Israel believed in the kingdom of Saul (peace be upon him).

    It has also been declared from the history that this Ark remained in possession of the children of Israel till the reign of Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him) (220 BC). He (peace be upon him) kept it in the Solomon Haikal of the Temple of Jerusalem after its erection. After that it did not appear. The children of Israel think that till now it is burial in the bottom of the foundation of Solomon Haikal.




    Physical Test Of Army

    Pass Through An Ordeal

    Ordeal Of Crusaders


    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –249a of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    And when Saul set out with the army, he said: Lo! Allah will try you by (the ordeal of) a river. Whosoever therefore drinketh thereof he is not of me, and whosoever tasteth it not he is of me, save him who taketh (thereof) in the hollow of his hand. But they drank thereof, all save a few of them.

    Fa-lammaa  fasala  Taa-luutu  bil-junuudi, qaala  ‘innal-laaha  mubtaliikum-bi-nahar.  Faman-shariba  minhu  falaysa  minnii.  Wa  mal-lam  yat-‘amhu  fa-‘innahuu  miniii  ‘illaa manig-tarafa  gurfatam- bi-yadih.  Fa-sharibuu minhu  ‘illaa  qaliilam-minhum.




    Nahar – (canal), a river from which the army had to pass through. The name of this river is stated as Jordan River. Name of Hashmiite Government of the Eastern Jordan is also related to this river. It flows from north to south and drops down in to the Dead Sea.

    man-shariba  minhu – (whosoever drinks out of it), it means that the person who will drink water from this river bellyful, he will be disobedient and he will be expelled from my group.

    gurfatam- bi-yadih – (in the hollow of his hand), that is to say; there will be permission only to drink the water quantity of which should not be more than a hollow of the hand for wetting  the dry lips and quenching the thirst.

    When the Saul (peace be upon him) set out with the Jews’ army to fight against Goliath, Allah Almighty fixed for them a test, which was that nobody would drink the water bellyful of Jordan River in the way.

    No command and order from God Almighty is without advisability and wisdom. Surely any use and advantage is hidden for human being in each order and restriction. So it was not only a test but there were many advantages in this restriction respecting their health and character, which they could not understand at that time. However they knew it very soon.     



    Defeat And Victory Doesn’t Depend On Majority

    Allah Is With The Steadfast

    Sometimes Little Company Overcomes  

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –249b of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    And after he had crossed (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: We have no power this day against Goliath and his hosts. But those who knew that they would meet Allah exclaimed: How many a little company hath overcome a mighty host by Allah’s leave! And Allah is with the steadfast.

    Falammaa  jaawaza-huu  huwa  wallaziina  ‘aamanuu  ma- ‘ahuu,  qaaluu  laa  taaqata  lanal-yawma  bi-Jaaluuta  wa  junuudih.  Qaalal-laziina  ya-zunnuuna  ‘annahum-  mulaaqul-laahi,  kam-min-  fi- ‘atin-qaliilatin  galabat  fi- ‘atan- kasiiratam-  bi- ‘iznillaah.  Wallaahu  ma-‘as-Saabiriin.




    Jaaluuta – (Goliath), he was commander of Palestinian Army against the Jews. This person was Giant stature and muscular youth. His strength, power and stoutness have been mentioned in the Holy Torah with detail. It is told that his height was ten feet. He used to remain in iron dress from his head to feet. A heavy shield used to remain in his hand.

    When Prophet Saul (peace be upon him) started journey with his Believer Associates towards Goliath, first of all He warned them that they should not drink water from the river in the way more than a hollow of a hand, otherwise they will be separated. It was, they drank water bellyful except a few persons out of them, and they could not remain able even to walk.

    When this little company reached opposite the enemy, looking their scarcity in numbers these servants of Allah Almighty said, “How shall we face so much big army”? But they also exclaimed with complete faith and strong belief, “No! Victory will be ours’; usually it has happened in the history that little companies have overcome mighty hosts by Allah’s leave”.

    Decision of victory and defeat doesn’t exist with the number of Armies, but it depends on support from God Almighty and strength of hearts. The persons who don’t leave the skirt of patience and firmness, Allah Almighty co-operates with them.

    Perseverance is a very great power. With the aid of remaining firm in the field of action, God Almighty helps the persons from invisible sources and embraces them success.

    God helps those who help themselves.


    Patience And Making Foothold Sure

    Endurance And Steadiness

    Forbearance And Perseverence 

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –250 & 251 of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    250.  And when they went into the field against Goliath and his hosts they said: Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make our foothold sure, and give us help against the disbelieving folk.

    251.  So they routed them by Allah’s leave and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of that which He willeth. And if Allah had not repelled some men by others the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah is a Lord of Kindness to (His) creatures.

    250.  Wa  lammaa  barazuu  li-Jaaluuta  wa  junuudihii  qaaluu  Rabbanaaa  ‘afrig  ‘alaynaa  sab-ranw-wa  sabbit  ‘aqdaamanaa  wan-surnaa  ‘alal—Qawmil-kaa-firiin.


    251.  Fa-hazamuuhum-  bi- ‘iznil-laahi,  wa  qatala  Daawuudu  Jaa-luuta  wa  ‘aataahullaahul-  Mulka  wal- Hikmata  wa  ‘allamahuu  mimmaa  yashaaa’.  Wa  law-laa  daf- ‘ullaahin-naasa  ba’-zahum- bi-ba’-zil-lafasadatil- ‘arzu  wa  laa-kinnal-laaha  Zuu-Fazlin- ‘alal- ‘Aalamiin.




    Daawuudu– (David), David (peace be upon him), who was son of Yasii was a Prophet of God Almighty during 1024 BC to 963 BC. Recitation in the Holy Qur-‘an about him is at sixteen places. He was a young soldier in the Army of Prophet Saul (peace be upon them), till that time neither he had proclaimed about his prophet-hood, and nor he had yet been appointed as king.

    When the Army of Prophet Saul reached opposite Goliath’s Army, Goliath challenged the servants of God Almighty due to his personal strength and power. The Believers never trust in their abundance of manpower or ability of their personal force. So they requested for endurance from Allah Almighty and prayed for making them foothold sure.

    It was primary time of Prophet David (peace be upon him). He was a part of the Army of Saul (peace be upon him). Goliath was killed with his hands and the truth-lover Army got victory and success. It is the Practice of God Almighty that He repels and defeats some men by others, and doing so He removes badness and quarrels from the earth.


    Last Signs

    Previous Tokens

    Past portents   

    BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

    Verse –252 of  286, Section –33 (Part – 2)


    252.  These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth. And lo! thou art of the number of (Our) messengers.

    252.  Tilka  ‘Aayaatullaahi  nat-luu-haa  ‘alayka  bil-haqq.  Wa  ‘innaka  laminal-Mursaliin.




    bil-haqq – (with truth), it aims that earlier stories and portents are caused to hear the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) without decrease and increase. Bringing this word it has also been cleared that Holy Qur-‘an doesn’t change the stories from good to bad like other Scriptures.

    minal-Mursaliin – (out of the number of messengers (peace be upon them), it is evident from this word that the recognized position of Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is also like other Messengers (peace be upon them). Neither the Messenger/Prophet is Self-Creator (God) and nor demi-god. Indeed the Holy Qur-‘an uses the sound words for escaping from ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty.

    It also clears from this verse that as Prophet David (peace be upon him) was given knowledge and wisdom by Allah Almighty, likewise the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has also been exalted with these blessings by Him (Allah Almighty).

    Allah Almighty has told in this verse that previous tales, which We cause to here the Messenger (Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), these are quite true. There is no doubt in these stories. There are uncountable advices in these stories, which are useful like beacon for future nations and races. Allah Almighty signifies to His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) about coming out of thousands people of the children of Israel from their houses, dieing suddenly and then coming back to life with the Order of Allah Almighty, assaulting over them by Goliath, their request for making king for them, Prophet Saul’s (peace be upon him) becoming king, giving him (peace be upon him) greatness in knowledge and stature, returning of Ark, coming out by Saul (peace be upon him) opposite to Goliath, killing the Goliath by David (peace be upon him) and bestowing him (peace be upon him) sovereignty and wisdom by Allah Almighty. God Almighty informs His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) about all these matters and we have advice in these stories.

    God Almighty also commanded His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “You are out of the number of (Our) messengers” and its clear proof is that “We (Allah Almighty) inspired up to you (Muhammad) past portents” and signs, and these stories are used to reveal only towards the Messengers (peace be upon them). While neither you (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) have read these stories in any book, nor listened from any person, but reach you through revelation of God Almighty.

    Mention of uncountable happenings regarding earlier nations and Prophets/Messengers (peace be upon them) exists in the Holy Qur-an. Recitation and signs of their conditions are present hither and thither in each Surah.

    It is not intended anywhere to write history and biography from these statements, but root cause is warning and advice. It is our duty that we should correct our present in the light of the events of previous nations and meditate for future. If we would not do so, then it would be our limitless negligence and stupidity.

    Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)


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