Part – 1, SURAH AL-BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow), Verses 1 to 141 (Lesson 13 – 142)

LESSON # 13 FROM HOLY QUR’AN                                                                     Image                


Part  – I

 The first Surah ‘Faatihah’ (The Opening) was revealed in Makkah whereas this, the second Surah ‘Baqarah’ (The Cow) revealed in Al-Madinah. This Surah is the longest Surah in Holy Qur’aan. It has 286 verses in 40 sections. Because there is an event of ‘The Cow’ in it so it is named, Baqarah. Matters relating to religious as well as deeds have been taught in it. It is said that Hadrat Umar (Radi ALLAHo Anho) spent many years to understand this Surah. It is not meant to learn by heart, but to learn and understand the orders and instructions mentioned in it. Abstract of its subjects is stated as under:


1.        Holy Qur’aan is guidance for those people who have fear of ALLAH and matter of abstinence is in their hearts.


2       After listening The Holy Qur’aan, three kinds of people will grow as it has been happening in the world at each time of beginning a new series of movements. At first, the believers, who will have full faith in it. Secondly, the infidels who will oppose it and thirdly, the hypocrites, who will show themselves as believers but actually their hearts will refuse it.


3       After all the above, people have been ordered to do worship of only ALLAH and the Truth of Holy Qur’aan has been proven.


4       In the fourth section, Birth of The Prophet Hadrat Adam (Compliments upon Him) has been mentioned including His entitlement of being Caliph on the earth. Then, from fifth section to onward recitation of a big dynasty’s life ‘Israelite’ begins. Hundreds Prophets and Messengers (compliments upon Them) born in this dynasty. ALLAH ALMIGHTY narrated the condition of this dynasty in a lesson taken method and also told about their false movements and badness due to which these people could not be able to remain Viceroy of The CREATOR on earth.


5       From section 5 to 15, many events of Israelite have been stated for example, their promises and agreements, splendor of ALLAH on the Mount Sinai, event of the Day of Saturday, event of The Cow, circumstances of the murder of Prophets (compliments upon Them), impure attempts of enchantment/charm and magic, unfair conduct of disgracing the Prophets (compliments upon Them), wrong faith in rewards and independence on the Day of Judgment.


6       From section-16 to onwards, including more events of Israelite, birth of The Last Prophet Hadrat Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) in Arab within the generation of Hadrat Adam (Compliments upon Him) has been mentioned. And there is also recitation on The Temple of Makkah (Masjid e Haraam).The degrees of the Martyrs in the ways of ALLAH are mentioned here.


7       In section-20 matters of The Forbidden and lawful, and The Marks of the power of The GOD have been discussed.








Part  – II


In section 20 of Surah Baqarah we have been commanded by The GOD about actual goodness. After this section, up to section 26, the matters relating inheritance, revenge, blessing, fast, pilgrimage to Makkah, Jehad (to try and strive), sacrifice pertaining to property in the path of GOD have been mentioned including orders and instructions for them.


From section 27 matters regarding family and social life have begun like, marriage, divorce, menstruation, second marriage, bring up and look after the children and favor right of the bride etc.


In section 32 again the matter of trying and striving has been discussed like, Hadrat Saul’s encounter against the Goliath. GOD commanded us that victory or defeat does not depend either on war equipment or decrease and increase of personnel. Usually small number of manpower wins against large armies.


Verse of The Throne  (Aayat ul Kursee), in which many virtues of GOD like, The ALIVE, The PERMANENT etc have been mentioned in section -34. There is no compulsion for anyone to accept Islam because its excellences and proofs are clear.


Recitation regarding Lesson taken events of Hadrat Abraham (Compliments upon Him) is discussed here. Up to section-39 talk about Alms and charity, prohibition to take interest, laws and instructions regarding witness and principles of trade have been mentioned.


At the end of this Surah in section-40 summary of Faith and Islam have been mentioned including a perfect prayer. Last words of this benediction are, “Fan-sur-naa-alal-Qaomil-kaaferiin” (Bestow us excellence over the nation of infidels). It is the result of invitation of Holy Qur’aan that which nation will bring up with the teachings of Holy Qur’aan, law of The GOD will overcome on atheism with her. Result of believers of GOD and infidels has been narrated here that believers will succeed and infidels will fail and subdued, as the end of the Surah is just like beginning.


Please don’t forget it that writing of this abstract means only to show you a concept of its subjects. It is fact that, it is impossible for anyone, to summarize the facts and excellences of the speech of GOD in a few words.


Now we should think and care the orders and instructions of The GOD, mentioned in this Surah. We should understand its philosophies and be ready to act upon these instructions. O GOD! Give us knowledge and power for it.                            .










BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse –1 of 286, Section – 1 (Part 1)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shaytaanir-Rajiim


Alif. Lam. Mim. ‘ALIF-LAAAM-MIIIM.




In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.


Sura Baqarah begins from above three letters. These letters are called “Muqat-ti-‘aat”. I am sorry! I could not find translation of the word “Muqat-ti-aat.” So I translated it as ‘Absolute’ letters. If I am wrong, I pray from the GOD to forgive me. The letters Alif-Laaam-Miiim are written collected but are read separately. The three letters have come in the beginning of five more Suras excluding ‘Baqarah’ (The Cow). Besides these three letters some other letters have also come in the beginning of some different Suras of the Holy Qur’aan. The Suras which begin with this type of letters are twenty nine in numbers.


If we say, what are the meanings of Alif-Laaam-Miiim? Nobody can reply absolutely, because it is Secret out of the Secrets of The GOD. Only ALLAH, HIS Messenger (Peace be upon Him), the companions of the Messenger (Allah agreed upon them) and Scholars of the Muslim nation know its meanings. Different Saints tried to explain it according to their personal manners. For instance:-


Sayyidina ibn ‘Abbas (may the God Almighty be pleased with him) said that the GOD says, “I am ALLAH, Who knows the best.” One saint says, “Alif means ALLAH, who revealed the Holy Book. Laaam means the arch Angel Gabriel (Compliments upon Him), who brought the revelation of ALLAH, and Miiim means The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) on whom this Holy Book ‘Qur’aan’ was revealed through the Angel Gabriel (Compliments upon Him).


A young Egyptian Scholar Sayyad Nasooh Zahir told after counting and trusting on the alphabetical letters that actually number of verses of the Suras is mentioned in the letters. An other research scholar said that there are historical events with days and years discussed in these letters, which are held in that particular Surah.


Briefly, the knowledge of these letters found by the saints, research scholars and philosophers have been told us. These kinds of letters were already in use in the Arabic language before Islam. To them each person who has knowledge of Arabic knows perfectly. Besides Arabic, this custom of use also exists in other languages like English, Persian, and Urdu etc for example: BA, MA, LLB, UNO, IMF ETC. These instances are very famous but even till some people don’t know them. Only those persons know them, who belong to them or have any interest with them.


GOD gave us chance to learn and understand the Holy Qur’an. It is our duty to try to understand the speech of GOD, act upon it and spread its science, acts and arts nearby and far. Solution of all the Problems of the world over may be found in this speech.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 2 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

This is the Scripture whereofThere is no doubt. Zaalikal-kitaabu laa rayba fiih




Zaalika  – (This). It is used to point out something. Besides Zaalika, some other words are also used to point out something in Arabic language. Usually Zaalika is used to point out the thing far away but due to dignity and greatness of the Holy Qur’aan its meaning is used here as nearby.


Al-kitaabu – Every written thing is called the book. Whenever al comes before a noun, it becomes a particular noun. So which al is used here before kitaab, it makes the book, “a Particular Book” i.e. Holy Qur’aan.

Every person in this world needs to know true principles so that adopting these principles he may get his object. Some people wish to know these types of principles from their sense/wisdom. But it is evident from the experience that the principles come out from anybody’s wisdom; may not be real and sure. Because in different matters people have different opinions. As if, we can’t agree upon a principle collectively, but how many persons will be there, too many advices on any principle will be there.


To curb this tendency our GOD revealed for us the Holy Book with entire kindness, and also commanded that speeches of this Book, “filled with full philosophy” are true and final. There is no doubt in it. Which promises have been made in it, surely they will be completed. And which knowledge has been given in it that will produce true results. If any person has any doubt in any matter, he may know by thinking and considering on the verses of the Holy Qur’aan.


Teaching of the Holy Qur’aan is not far from the wisdom. Mankind is invited to examine the truth of Holy Qur’aan practically. Surely using it they will feel comfort. Who does not know that the Arabian nation had drowned in the darkness of folly? She was backward comparing to other nations. Maximum people were cruel and un-civilized. When this nation acted upon the teachings of Holy Qur’aan, she succeeded in all the matters of life like economics, politics, science, arts, social matters, civilization manners etc. Who were behind all they commanded the all acting upon the Holy Qur’aanic teachings. Each promise of the Holy Qur’aan was complete. But when the people gave up acting upon it, old diseases returned in the nation.


We should promise to act upon these teachings from the beginning whole heartedly. Leave all types of doubts and suspicions and get success in this life and on the Doomsday.









BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 2 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

A guidance unto those whoward off (evil) Hudal-lil-Muttaqiin




Hudan – Guidance, Path of Knowledge, Equipment for moving on the path, strength and power to reach at the destination. These all things are included in the meanings of ‘Guidance’. We have learnt explanation of it in “The Opening” (Al-Faatihah).


Muttaqiin – Plural of Temperate, Abstinent and Sober, who have fear of GOD in their hearts, who live in abstinence, who does his work with care. One event of Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) is being written here for explanation of the word of Piety.


Once Sayyidina ‘Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) asked from Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) about meanings of Temperate. He replied, if you pass through a forest which is full of thorns and shrubs, and then what will you do? He answered, “I shall fold up my clothes, so that skirt of my garment may not involve with thorns. Sayyidina Abi bin Ka’ab (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) said, “this is the fear of GOD”.


Now it is evident that guidance of the Holy Qur’aan is better for those people who want to reach their destination keeping themselves safe from the thorns of the forest of this world i.e. sins.


There are two types of mankind. Some have fearless temperament. They become so thoughtless that without thinking anything they plunge into each work. Some are those who think before starting any work with care. Now it is revealed that the people who live a careful life, they gain advantage of guidance. These persons, color of piety may be seen into them. Abstinent will reach at the top with the teachings of Holy Qur’aan and following virtues will born into them.


This Book, “The Holy Qur’aan” is revealed for guidance of the entire world. And it is addressing to all the people of the entire world, but practically only those persons will get advantage from this book who seek and need to know the truth. Every work needs some basic elements for starting the work for example, feet to walk, eyes to look, so to get guidance from the Holy Qur’aan fear of GOD is necessary in the hearts. The sun shines on the entire universe. But those persons who have lost their power of sight, for them light is useless. If the earth is salty, rain will prove nothing on it. It is important to bear the piety in our hearts that we should settle our accounts ourselves. Once Sayyidina Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) , “prior to this, that anybody calls your account, you should check the account yourself.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)



Verse – 3 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

Who believe in the unseen ‘Allaziina yu’-minuuna bil-Gaybi





‘Allaziina – Those people who.

yu’-minuuna – believe, bring faith. Belief means ‘to admit the truth with tongue, have faith in it with heart and devise action according to it. Who becomes a believer, he comes in peace. It is the Belief, which is reliable in the Divine law of religion.


Gaybi – means the world which is higher than this outward world, information about which can only be achieved through the Prophet (Peace be upon Him). For example:


Nature and virtues of GOD, Angels, Paradise and Hell, the Day of Resurrection, accounts of good manners and the evils (sins), rewards and punishment as per acts etc, and Belief in the unseen may not be complete without having faith in the Prophet (Peace be upon Him).


It was told in the previous lesson that Holy Qur’aan is Rule of Guidance for those people who wish to get advantage from it with extremely sincerity and sacred intention, who have ability and excitement to live with care and look after their own. And they have ambition to pass their lives with chastity and cautiousness.


In this verse first attribute of sobers has been mentioned which will come into them with the guidance of the Holy Qur’aan. And that is the thing that they believe in the unseen, the body of which is higher than the outward senses.


Without belief the heart remains restless and unstable, because without its existence doubt, hesitation, whim and suspicion make place in the hearts. But a believer does not frighten in the stress and strain, in the painful calamity and examination. But he gets encourage because he believes that he has a great support and strong trust. And he gains from it happiness of his brain, satisfaction of the heart and comfort of his soul. This faith in world of unseen is brain of religion and soul of belief. Without this faith, belief can not be matured.


We have prepared ourselves to get Guidance from the Holy Qur’aan and joined the people who have fear of The GOD. Now we should produce good manners in ourselves according to the teachings of Holy Qur’aan. We should believe and act on all the facts without hesitation which have been ordered through Holy Qur’aan, which have come to us through the last Messenger (Peace be upon Him).


O Allah! Give us power, resources and strength for it.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 3 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

And establish worship Wa yuqiimuunas-Salaata




Yuqiimuuna – Establish, Set up, Settle (oneself in a position), Place (someone) in a position, Prove the truth of (an event), Cause people to accept (a belief)

as-Salaata – Literal meanings are, “blessing; benediction; prayer”.

Establishing prayer means that the person should offer prayer with entire terms and restrictions as well as bend upon others too to perform this duty. In the phrase of Divine Law of Islam as-Salaata is used for a particular worship that is called Prayer. Name of this worship is kept as-Salaata because maximum part of this worship comprises on blessings. In this worship along with Tongue, Heart and outward parts of Body also ask for blessing.


After belief in the unseen second good manner of the temperate is being mentioned that “they establish worship with punctuality.” Prayer is the best source of leaning in front of GOD, declaring one’s devotion, producing deep connection with ALLAH, and arranging unity and discipline between all persons of the nation. The prayer is the most superior act to all bodily worships. And it is the best method of declaration about belief and Oneness of GOD. An individual has many advantages in it like code of morality, medical and material as well as collectively the nation has social advantages.


All Muslims after being neat and clean stand in a row behind the spiritual guide five times a day facing towards the temple of Makkah. They promise for brotherhood between them and devotion, standing in front of ALLAH. By this worship hearts of all participants who stay collectively in a line become sacred from impurity, envy and selfishness. Mutual friendship, love and equality increases with it. The participants of this collective prayer perceive and help in each other’s trouble and distress etc. The person stops doing sin and shamelessness.


Passion of obey to commander grows by establishing this method of worship. The nation learns the lesson of punctuality and regularity. So in the raising days of Islam success of Muslims was due to their establishment of worship. Infamous people who were not under any sovereignty, became a disciplined nation by establishing prayers and proved themselves model of unity.


It is said by The last Prophet (peace be upon Him), “the prayer finds out difference between Muslim and Infidel”. We should see ourselves in the light of the above mentioned Sayings of The Prophet (peace be upon Him) that in which society do we belong to?   In an other Hadiith, The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said that the prayer is ascension of the Believer. He will be un-lucky, who does not want to reach this higher rank.


Prayer is a worship which is useful like in moral, spiritual, individual and collectively matters. Therefore, it is determined pillar of religion.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 3 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

And spend of that We have bestowed upon them Wa mimmaa razaqnaahum yun-fiquun




Razaqnaahum – We have bestowed upon them. These are two words, “We have bestowed” and “upon them”. The word, “razaqnaa” has vast meanings in Arabic Language. All types of favors and blessings come in it desiring either outward as wealth, health, children etc or internal as knowledge, wisdom and understanding etc. In the rewards of GOD, wealth is a great grant. It is evident from this verse that every thing is granted by GOD and which gifts are rewarded to the mankind, those all are bestowed due to HIS kindness.


yun-fiquun – They spend. Third attribute of the persons who have fear of GOD in their hearts is being narrated in this part of the verse. That, whatever GOD has bestowed upon them, they spend out of it in reasonable and needful situations, in just and useful purposes. It is a great sacrifice, to spend wealth for the sake of Allah. There are many people who do only physical worship but do not like to spend any penny. This kind of avarice is dangerous in this world and for the day of resurrection.


Whenever friends, relatives and parents of any person turn to him for help in their needs, he stingy denies, at that time and displeases them. And then difference comes in his business, because they leave co-operation with him. Besides this, when there is no custom for support of needy, orphans and helpless people in the society and expenditure in public welfare, correctness of the national affairs and defense extensions is stopped, and then all people imprison in trouble and resultantly personal wealth becomes over.


On the doomsday it will be the result of frugality that if love of wealth settles down in the heart and at the time of death soul of mankind leaves body, it remains restless a lot in the love of wealth and this unreasonable love appears as snakes, scorpions and Fire in the form of agony. So, Allah has taught the mankind to sacrifice their property for their religious as well as worldly success. And like that, they should spend from His given strengths, abilities and qualifications to serve the humanity.


It is our duty to don’t withdraw from serving the common people with our all struggles, strengths, abilities and wealth, and participate whole heartedly according to our ability. This is the best for nation, country and as well as for each individual.









BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 4a of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

And who believe in that whichis revealed unto thee

(Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee,

Wallaziina yu’-minuuna bi-maaa ‘unzila ‘ilayka wa maaa ‘unzila min-qablik.




Fourth praise of temperate is mentioned in this verse. Namely these people believe on all heavenly books and revealed written.


As though two speeches have been explained in this verse:


•        To have faith on the teachings and instructions of The Holy Book revealed towards The Messenger (Muhammad) (peace be upon Him) whole heartedly.

•        To believe just the Holy Books revealed upon the prophets came prior to the last Messenger (peace be upon them) from GOD.


Now it is also clear that in the Holy Qur’aan, only the Book revealed on the last Prophet and the Books revealed upon the Prophets prior to the last Prophet (peace be upon them) have been explained. Neither there is mentioned any prophet after the last Messenger (peace be upon Him) and nor any holy book after the Holy Qur’aan. It is known that no prophet will come after the last Prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon Him), otherwise it would have been mentioned here.


The Prophets came prior to Muhammad (peace be upon them), are a lot in numbers. Names from some of them have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan, remainings are only hinted. To believe in Prophets (peace be upon Them) means that from Hadrat Adam (Compliments upon Him) to the Last Messenger Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him), as much as Prophets came, all those Prophets (compliments upon Them) were sent by GOD. And they taught the people according to their reign. Out of heavenly Books, four Holy Books have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan:


1.        Journals of Hadrat Abraham (Compliments upon Him)

2.        Torah of Hadrat Moses (Compliments upon Him)

3.        Zaboor of Hadrat David (Compliments upon Him)

4.        Gospel of Hadrat Jesus (Compliments upon Him)


Messenger of ALLAH (peace be upon Him) illustrated the series of prophets by a simile of palace and said, “Each Prophet was fitted as a brick of His reign to build this palace. At last Hadrat Christ (Compliments upon Him) came and was fitted as a brick in the palace of prophet-hood. The people came, looked this ‘Building’ and praised but in addition said also that there is a gap of one Brick. Would that the remaining Brick be fitted on its place. I am that ‘last Brick’, now there is no need and space of any brick for this palace of prophet-hood.”


All these Prophets of GOD (peace be upon Them) always presented the truth before their people that LORD of the worlds is only one ‘ALLAH’. Now The Holy Qur’aan orders to its believers that they should believe in all of them. No body can find anywhere this kind of superior example regarding acceptance of tolerance and truth.


BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 4b of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

And are certain of the Hereafter. Wa bil-‘Aakhirati hum yuuqinuun.




‘Aakhirat – means the second life after death.


Yuuqinuun – (they believe). Believe is the knowledge, the argument to whom has cleared so that any capacity of doubts and suspicions does not remain in it.


This world is the place of actions. It means that this is the life after which period of acts goes to end. The world coming after this life is the place of consequences in which every person will be rewarded or punished according to his each act he did in this world. There is no doubt that we get back rewards in terms of events in this world but sometimes persons are not rewarded or punished as a whole. The persons of Good deeds deprive from getting rewards and evil doer criminals escape from punishment. Still justice demands that any act of any person must not be remained result-less. So God has fixed a day on which every animate will get its reward or punishment in full on each of its act. Hence, to believe on a sustainable future of this world for reward and punishment is important component of a true religion.


It also became clear that this world has strong association with the world hereafter. Second life will be the result of our deeds we do in our present life. So it is sobers’ quality that they get satisfaction before starting any work that the work, they are going to do, is not against the heavenly teachings and instructions of GOD regarding inference and result.


GOD ALMIGHTY has given us full liberty of selection and power of choice for actions. We have many ways to reach the destination. But we have to choose the path for which GOD has guided us. If belief of the end of this world, rewards or punishments according to good or bad acts remains in front of us every time, then it is a sure point that we shall remain firm on the path of truth and temperance. We should mould our lives in the principles of Holy Qur’aan so that we may get much pleasant results out of it and we may succeed in both the worlds. The person who has not belief in liability of his acts, calculation of good and bad deeds and their results, he would not correct his actions.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 5 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful. ‘Ulaaa-‘ika ‘alaa hudam-mir-Rabbihim wa ‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-Muf-lihuun




Al-Muf-lihuun – Those who succeed. This word is built from ‘Falaah’. It means, ‘betterment, deliverance, happiness, prosperity, profit, good.’ But literally ‘Falaah’ means, ‘amputation’. Probably agriculturist or farmer is so called ‘Fallaah’ because he ploughs in the earth, sows seed, which comes out from the earth in the shape of a young plant. In Arabic language this word has vast meanings. All successes of this life and Hereinafter have been mentioned in it collectively. All scholars agree upon this word’s meanings that there is no better word in Arabic language except ‘Falaah’ to declare all kinds of success. He will be called ‘Muflih’ (succeeded), who reaches success after removing all kinds of difficulties and hindrances.


In ‘Surah Faatihah’ (The Opening) we humbly made requests to God for guidance towards the straight path. Replying to that request we received a Message, which we have read in the previous lessons. After that, some emblems have been explained about the persons who achieved guidance:


•        Believe in Omniscient besides this materialistic world

•        Establish worship to disclose their relation practically with God.

•        Spend for the sake of God out of that which He has bestowed upon them

•        Believe in that which revealed upon the Messenger (Muhammad) (peace be upon Him), The Holy Qur’aan, and admit Him as their Spiritual Guide.

•        Admit the Holy Books, Journals and Guidance revealed prior to Holy Qur’aan.

•        Are certain of the Hereafter, rewards and punishment in accord with deeds (of this life).

Now it is mentioned in this verse that these pious persons are actually on guidance of God. “These depend on guidance from their Lord and These are the successful”. It is the betterment of this life that guidance became their fortune and they got a complete and the best rule of life. And they molded their lives according to the custom and succeeded in all respect. Success in the Hereafter means that they will get complete rewards of their deeds.


Before Islam, the Arabians were very poor. Camel-driving was their occupation. They had neither wealth, nor regular Army and nor sufficient quantity of eatables/drinkables. But when they admitted in Islam and acted upon the teachings of Holy Qur’aan whole heartedly, they succeeded in all fields of life. The earth kissed their feet and the sky threw upon them auspiciousness and kindnesses. God gave them all which was promised by Him. Today if we mold our lives according to the teachings of Holy Que’aan, this promise of success is also for us. And we shall succeed too in this life and on the Doomsday.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 6 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

As for the disbelievers, whether thou warn them or thou warn themnot it is all one for them; theybelieve not. ‘Innal-laziina kafaruu sawaaa-‘un ‘alay-him ‘a.’anzartahum ‘am lam tunzirhum laa yu’-minuun.




Kafaruu – who deny, who refuse, who disagree. In the Divine Law of Religion he is infidel, who opposes and denies the Truth, who does not believe The God and His Messenger (peace be upon Him).


where Allah Almighty has explained the success and ecstasy of  persons who depended on His guidance and succeeded, there it is also necessary to be discussed the result and condition of the infidels so that difference between the two may be cleared and the rank of pious and abstinent persons be enlightened.


From this verse, now it is the beginning of the people who are totally opposite to the Believers, enemies of Islam, spend their energy, wealth and time against Islam. These people resist due to their infidelity in spite of the presence of so clear proofs. Ability to accept The GOD and Truth weakens due to successive opposing and denying, and at last goes to end entirely. In this condition frightening them from agony or not, are equal for The Messenger (peace be upon Him).


Main desire of The Messenger (Peace be upon Him) was admission of all the people in Islamic circle. In this verse the fact has been told to The Messenger (peace be upon Him) that these people have destroyed their power of distinguishing and believing the Just.


“Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for

them; they believe not.” It is an announcement and declaration against the result of their chained enmity and refusal. This information is not in the shape of final Decision. Allah Almighty has put the virtue of accepting the Truth in each person. But the people who oppose the Truth due to their personal benefits, short-sightedness, Misleading or bad meeting/society, they waste slowly and gradually their power of accepting the Truth. So it is our duty that with the power of seeking Truth which we have naturally in our hearts; we should remain in search of Just and Truth. We should publicize the teachings of Truth and convey the Message of Truth to the servants of God with wisdom and graceful manner so that fear of God and softness may bear in their hearts. The persons, who have only a little ability to accept the Truth, reach them with possible sources.







BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)


Verse – 7 of 286, Section – 1 (Part  – 1)

Allah has sealed their hearts andtheir hearing, and on their eyesthere is a covering. Theirs willbe an awful doom. Khatamallaahu ‘alaa quluu-bihim wa ‘alaa sam-‘ihim.  wa ‘alaaa ‘absaarihim gishaawah.

Wa lahum ‘azaabun ‘aziim.




Khatama – (Sealed) means the result which grows due to constantly refusal and opposition of the Truth. Purpose to seal anything is, nothing could enter and nothing could go out of it which has been sealed. For example if the heart has been sealed, then neither the Truth can enter into it and nor boldness can remain to declare the good as agreeable talk.


Quluu-bihim – (Their hearts). Heart does not mean a piece of flesh here but it is the will-power which is centre of the wisdom, the sense and the intention.


Sam-‘ihim – (Their hearing), “Sama” means power of hearing, aims their ears.


‘Absaarihim – (Their eyes) (Power of looking)


Ghishaawatun – Covering (to cover, to hide). Hear it means covering of negligence over eyes which look signs of the Truth but still resist accepting the facts.


It is a universal law in this world that whenever any power does not bring into work or it is not activated, then at last it leaves its function. Same law is about the powers of looking and understanding, if they are kept un-functional constantly they will leave the function of looking and understanding the Truth.


Sealing the hearts, hearing and covering the eyes of any body by Allah begin, whenever any person intentionally adapts infidelity and persists on it. Every person is given the right nature by Allah and it includes use of thinking power on the signs/marks of God. But whenever mankind misuses his considering powers and devises to follow the Satan changing his side from the teachings of The

Messenger (Peace be upon Him), then he comes out of pity series

of The Prophets (peace be upon Them) and help of God leaves him.

Now he supposes the way of astray as the straight path.


It is evident that as result of eating poison becomes cause of death, just like this changing one’s side from the orders of God intentionally becomes cause of spiritual death. As we have learnt earlier that life of mankind does not go to end after death but there will be also a second life, which will be result of this life. Constantly disobeying in this life will appear in the shape of a big agony as punishment.








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Hypocrites’ Claim of Faith

Verse – 8 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

And of mankind are some who say: We believe in Allah and the Last Day, when they believe not. Wa minan-naasi many-ya-quulu ‘aamannaa billaahi wa bil-Yawmil—‘Aakhiri wa maahum bi-mu’-miniin.




Till now two kinds of people have been discussed in the Holy Qur’aan:

1.      Obedient believers of the Law of God.

2.      Infidels, who denied the law of God.


Now third kind of persons will be mentioned here. These people are also enemy and opposition of Islam. But they hide their infidelity and enmity by deception which they have in their hearts, and claim faith on Islam. In the phrase of Holy Qur’aan they are called hypocrites. If a person proclaims goodness of Islam by his tongue but hides evil and infidelity in his heart, this is the hypocrisy.


When Islam proclaimed fidelities of belief on Allah and belief on hereafter, it was necessary for him who wanted to become a Muslim, to agree on these both faiths. So out of the people of al-Madina, a special group declared themselves cheatingly about having believed on both faiths and wanted to join Muslims. They were included in Muslims but they were not sincere. It was necessary to escape from their deceit. So Holy Qur’aan informed the Muslims itself that they didn’t believe on these fidelities by heart. Therefore, Muslims should be cautious from these people.


It seems that sign of hypocrite was claiming their faith on these fidelities by their tongue, but their hearts didn’t agree. If, today too, someone hasn’t same outward appearance and inward qualities, then he should calculate himself. As long the tongue and the heart are not alike, belief doesn’t produce, but this condition is of the hypocrisy.


Companions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) calculated themselves always besides their nobility and excellence. That is why they were on higher degrees of belief and sincerity. Allah Almighty bestowed them higher ranks and favoured them with successes.


When Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) migrated from Makkah to al-Madina, the people were preparing to make ‘Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salool’, a person of tribe ‘Khizraj’, as chief of the city. He was a clever and collusive person. On migration of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him), matter of crown-wearing ceremony was suspended. Every one wanted to make the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) the chief of al-Madina.


Abdullah looked it but remained silent. He thought it advisability not to raise sound against Islam and Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him). So he became Muslim and his companions also. But they were waiting for occasion to leave Islam and opposing the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him).

As the time was passing on, the effect of Islam was increasing. And jealousy of these people was also increasing. Their enmity was increasing too. So whenever they got chance they opposed Islam and deceived the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him). They proved themselves domestic enemies. Although they said prayers following the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him) but opposed Islam. They built their separate mosque. Allah Almighty called that mosque “Masjid-i-Zrar”. They left the Muslims in the Battle of ‘Ohad’ at the time of encounter.


Today also Islam has the greatest danger from that kind of Muslims. It means the people who apparently say the word “Islam”, choose their names like Muslims, live with Muslims. But they have infidelity in their hearts and for opposing the Muslims they get help from infidels.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Deceit of the Hypocrites

Verse – 9 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

They think to beguile Allah andthose who believe, and they beguile none save themselves; but they perceive not. Yukhaadi-‘uunallaha wal-laziina ‘aamanuu. Wa maa yakhda-‘uuna ‘illaaa ‘anfusa-hum wa maa yash-‘uruun.




Yukhaadi-‘uuna – (They deceive, beguile). It means to hide the evil thought in the heart and to show oneself a good fellow so that the other person may be deceived and keep him in delusion.


‘Anfusa-hum (Their bodies, spirits, souls)


Wa maa yash-‘uruun. (They do not understand). This word is built from Sha’uur, according to Arabic language it means to understand, to guess. Here it aims internal perception. Intention is that they are fallen in self-delusion. But they do not know their folly.


In the last lesson it was told about hypocrites that what they say with their tongues, their hearts do not accept, and what they keep in their hearts, they do not bring that on their tongue. They say themselves ‘Muslim’ to get favour and advantage from the Muslims or to escape themselves from their hold. In addition, it has been enlightened their form of this act in this lesson. They are committed in the crimes of deceit and cheat besides the infidelity. Their courage has been so increased opposing the Truth that according to their thoughts they are deceiving The God too. In the days of The last Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) they joined and attended the Muslim conferences and consultations, reinstated their confidence with Muslims and kept conspiracy with infidels secretly, told them the matters of Muslims and in the shape of friends stabbed in the backs of Believers.


This act of Hypocrites is censurable particularly that they try to deceive the Believers. Keep someone in delusion and misleading becomes their religion. Not only the Believers, have they thought that they will succeed to deceive The God Almighty also. How much they are senseless, that the creature thinks to deceive his Creator. So Allah Almighty says in His Holy Book, Al-Qur’aan, that they do not understand, that has not decency of the Truth. They suppose the senselessness as intelligence and wisdom as folly.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Ailment of the Hypocrites

Verse – 10 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

In their hearts is a disease, and Allah Increaseth their disease.A painful doom is theirs because they lie. Fii quluubihim-marazun, fazaada-humullaahu marazaa Wa lahum   ‘azaabun ‘aliimum, bimaa kaanu yakzibuun.




Marazun – Disease. There are two kinds of diseases, bodily and spiritual. The bodily disease produces fault, defect or pain in the body. Spiritual disease enrages the manners and the spirit gets ailment. Here it is the talk about spiritual diseases of infidelity and hypocrisy which stop the human being from doing good deeds and preparing for the next life (after death). Here meanings of diseases are ailments of the spirit which prevents to achieve the excellences. For instance ignorance, jealousy, ill-will, love of property & wealth and telling a lie etc.


Fa – (So) this particle indicates towards the talk about result and fruit of above mentioned diseases.


Zaada – (Increased) means God increased their jealousy giving more victories and promotions to the Messenger (peace be upon Him) and the Muslims. The disease of enmity with Islam and jealousy with Muslims increased more in their hearts.


‘Azaabun ‘aliim – (Painful Doom/agony), they will be punished with a painful agony on the doomsday.


Yakzibuun – (They tell a lie).


In this verse the manners of Hypocrites are being enlightened more. They have ailment of infidelity and hypocrisy in their hearts which they have grown themselves. As the Muslims get promotions and victories, jealousy and ill-will increases in their hearts.


Fazaada-humullaahu marazaa – (so Allah Increaseth their disease). It doesn’t mean that God Almighty has increased their infidelity and hypocrisy Himself, but it means that due to the result of their infidelity and hypocrisy Allah Almighty has increased their ailment. Due to their this manner the circumstances so changed, from which they took increase in their disease. If they had to use their sense just, they had to get guidance from these circumstances. As the result of disease lessens the bodily strength, like this the result of spiritual disease will be in the shape of Painful Agony on the Doomsday.










BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Mischievous Cleverness of Hypocrites

Verse – 11 & 12 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

11. And when it is said untothem: Make not mischief in the earth, they say: We are peace-makers only.

12. Beware! They indeed are

the mischief-makers, but

they perceive not.

11. Wa ‘izaa qiila lahum laa tuf-siduu fil-‘arzi, qaaluuu ‘in-namaa nahnu muslihuun

12. ‘Alaaa ‘innahum humul-mufsi-duuna walaakil-laa yash-‘uruun.




Laa tuf-siduu – (Make not mischief), this word came out from the word Fasaad – (Quarrel; riot; disturbance; rebellion; war; sedition; mutiny). Here the meanings of “Make not mischief” are the sins which interrupt in the system. When these circumstances become usual, these interrupt in the peace of world and system of universe. Fasaad is a big crime according to the teachings of Islam.


Muslihuun – (Peace-makers). This word has come out from Salaah which is opposite to Fasaad. With ‘Fasaad’ the system is damaged and with ‘Salaah’ the system is corrected.


Another most mischievous cleverness of the Hypocrites is being mentioned in this verse. To remain on the bad manners and preaching for it is a big crime in the Divine’s Law and the Hypocrites did it. Now they have started spreading Fasaad also including creation of mismanagement. Behind the screen conspiracy and showing themselves as friends; enmity became their habituated. Heart disease overcame on the Hypocrites so much that they forgot distinguish between good and bad. Whenever they are instructed not to make mischief with this mode of their acts in the country, they say, “We are peace-makers only. But indeed they are mischief-makers. How it is a big mischief that Infidels get supposing due to their hypocrisy, “there is no excellence/beauty in Islam because being Muslims these people are still involved in the sins.” On the other hand they tempt deceiving the Muslims. They claim themselves as Muslims but have not fear of God in their hearts. Due to their behaviour, there is a risk that others will also forget the Fear.


It is found now that good behaviour grows between the people with the Truth, which becomes cause of peace-making in the world. And hypocrisy interrupts in the management of the world. When a person reaches at this stage and does not understand his weakness, ruin seizes him. His wisdom and internal perception ends.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Folly of Hypocrites

Verse – 13 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

And when it is said unto them:Believe as the people believe, they say: shall we believe as the foolish believe? Beware! They indeed are the foolish but they know not. Wa ‘izaa qiila lahum ‘aa-minuu kamaaa ‘aamanan-naasu qaaluuu ‘a-nu’-minu kamaaa’aa-manas-sufahaaa’. Alaaa ‘innahum hu-mu-sufahaaa-‘u wa laakil-laa ya’-lamuun.




An-naas – (The people), The particular people who believe and do not deceive anyone in the matter of faith.


As-sufahaaa’ –  (The foolish), The people who are known as foolish, stupid, silly or nonsense.


Another habit of the Hypocrites is being discussed in this verse. When they are addressed, “Believe! As the true Muslims believe whole heartedly with purity and sincerity” they reply, “shall we believe as the foolish believe? As it were the Believers are foolish according to their opinion. Near to the Hypocrites, the Muslims want to excel the Truth over a great majority of the infidelity which is entirely impossible. These Hypocrites of Madina were very proud due to their power and strength. They had faith that the poor, strangers and refugee Muslims would not be able to stay against them. They thought that Islam is a game for a few days which will be over automatically. So the people, who are entering into it, are indolent from its end and careless from their benefits.


Reply to their so saying Allah Almighty commands, “Beware! They indeed are the foolish but they know not”, because the Truth however will overcome. And the deceiver hypocrites will lose forever.


It is known at last, that the Hypocrites do not believe on the day of Resurrection. So there is much need of providence to believe on the Day of Resurrection. Some quantity of the pleasure of this world would have to be left for the ease of the second life, which will begin immediately after death, believing on the Doomsday. Hypocrites do not think about the End. They remain careless from the gain and loss which will be forever. So they are the foolish and blockhead.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Mocking of Hypocrites

Verse – 14 & 15 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

14. And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they go apart to their devils they declare: Lo! We are with you; verily we did but mock.

15. Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander blindly on in their contumacy.

14. Wa ‘izaa laqul-laziina ‘aamanuu qaaluu ‘aamannaa. Wa ‘izaa khalaw ‘ilaa shayaatiini-him, qaaluu ‘innaa ma—‘akum, ‘innamaa nahnu mus-tahzi-‘uun.

15. ‘Allaahu yas-tahzi-‘u bi-him wa yamuddu-hum fii tug-yaanihim ya’-mahuun.




Shayaatiini-him – (Their devils), The word ‘Shaitaan’ has vast meanings in Arabic language. Mischievous and contumacious are also called devils. It is applied on the human beings and demons (ghosts) who have the nature of devils. In this verse ‘Shayaatiini-him’ means the Leaders of the Hypocrites who had become devils due to their mischief and contumacy.


Mus-tahzi-‘uun – (We mock), ridicule by imitating.


Tug-yaanihim – (in their contumacies)


Ya’-mahuun – (wandering blindly). Here it means the condition of a person in which he may not see the straight path and wanders hither and thither blindly. Another stubbornness of the Hypocrites is mentioned here that they being two faced deceived the people. When they met the Muslims, deceiving

them and winning their favour said, “ We also believed”. But when they went near their leaders in solitude, said: “We are with you, we deceive the Muslims. They are follies and simpletons. They tell their secrets considering us true and inform about their intentions and plans.”


Replying them Allah Almighty turned their mock back to them.

Following proverb may be applied here, “As you sow, so shall you reap”.God Almighty has left them on so much in the worst condition that they are wandering blindly in their contumacies and struggling in the dark without Light of the Holy Qur’aan.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Astray and Loser

Verse – 16 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

These are they who purchaseerror at the price of guidance, so

their commerce doth not prosper,

neither are they guided.

‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtara-wuz-zalaalata bilhudaa: famaa rabihat-tijaaratuhum ‘wa ‘maa kaanuu muhtadiin.




Ishtara-wu – (They purchase) to get exchange with the other. This

word is used  for the both ‘buy’ and ‘sell’. Hypocrites have power of choice to accept the Belief. But they choose the way of infidelity and hypocrisy.


Maa rabihat – (Do not prosper).


Result of hypocrisy is stated in this lesson that these people go astray leaving the path of guidance. It means that the hypocrites extinguished the Light of humanity due to which every person can get comfort of Eternal Life and goodness. The guidance they had to get, forgot it and grew in themselves bad habits and evil manners. They thought themselves that they had tried to strike a good bargain. Saying oneness of God from their mouths, keeping infidelity in their hearts and being glad on these deeds, how a good wonderful bargaining?


God Almighty commands that they are losers in this bargaining. They achieved casual and sensual, destroyable advantages spending their entire life. If they would have achieved the comfort of their Eternal Lives was spending their casual lives and wealth in the way of God Almighty, which was a good bargaining. But they have destroyed also their real capital.


This depravity and lose of hypocrites is the result of their deeds which have been discussed in the previous verses (lessons).






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

First Likeness Of The Hypocrites

Verse – 17 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

17.   Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see. 17.   Masaluhum kamasa-lillazistawqada naaraa. Falammaaa ‘azaaa-’at maa hawlahuu zahaballaahu bi-nuurihim wa tarakahum fii zulumaatil-laa yubsiruun.




Masaluhum – (Their likeness). Likeness means an old famous event

which corresponds to any present event and due to its fame the people may understand it quickly and it becomes helpful also for explanation of the present event.


Zulumaat – (Plural of darkness).


In the years of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) there were two

kinds of Hypocrites:


1.   Those, who were the vital enemies of Islam, but they claimed to be the sympathizers and friends of the Muslims with their tongues.


2.   Those Hypocrites who were weak due to their temperament and were neither supporters, nor they opposed Islam. In which side they found their advantage, they put themselves to that side.

These two types of hypocrites are explained in the Holy Quran. In this verse example of first type of hypocrites is being explained.


Example of these people is like a man who lit the fire in the darkness.

From the light of fire all things around him became bright and he became capable to recognize the difference between profitable and harmful things. But suddenly God snatched his eye-sight. Now he could not see anything while surroundings of him were bright. Just like blinds he is wandering hither and thither and can not get advantages of the Brightness.


This example proves fit for the Hypocrites. Before Islam they were

Surrounding in the darkness of infidelity, there was no distinction between good end evil for them. Then candle of Islam was enlightened and they started getting advantages from it, but suddenly all opportunities which they were availing due to Islam, were snatched. Their original face came in front of Muslims. And they did not remain capable to deceive the Muslims. Some of them leaned towards evil leaving the Truth and some were forfeited to get advantage from the Light of Islam due to their personal means. The light of Islam became useless for them in these three conditions and darkness spread everywhere.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Outcome Of The Hypocrites

Verse – 18 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

18.    Deaf, dumb and blind,and they return not. 18.   Summum- bukmun ‘umyun fahum laa yarji-‘uun.




Summun – (Deaf; hard of hearing; inattentive). Although the Hypocrites apparently were not deaf but they were called deaf because they did not listen true advices of Islam and rejected them. They listened and show that they have not listened as if they were deaf and did not listen.


Bukmun – (Dumb; speechless; mute). Even they had tongues but turned away asking the true advices and did not accept the Truth as though they were dumb and had not tongue in their mouths.


Umyun –    (Blind; unable to see) (plural of Aa’ma). It means blind persons. They were called blind because having their eye-sights they had seen the signs of Allah but didn’t accept.


In this verse outcome of deeds of the hypocrites is being explained.

As after appearing the light of Islam they still adopted the darkness of infidelity. Due to worldly advantages, personal means and carnal desires they didn’t distinguish between good and bad. As according to the natural rule, if the hand is put in fire it burns, similarly because of their perversity and intentionally depravity, their all forces of recognizing the Truth were lost.  Infidelity came over them. They lost the Light of Islam. Allah plundered their Light because of their evil deeds and they went astray in darkness.


It was the result of not distinguishing between good and bad that having ears they could not listen to the sounds of Truth. Their tongues became dumb due to not asking the right path from anyone. Their eyes became blind due to not seeing the light of Islam. And signs of Allah didn’t affect them.

Openly there are three ways to get knowledge: ear, tongue and eye. Sometime a man gets knowledge by listening, Sometime by asking from someone and sometimes by looking other things by his eyes. But a hypocrite loses his all these three powers due to his revengefulness and haughtiness. And now neither he listens to the sound of any guide, nor asks true knowledge and nor gets any affect seeing signs of the Truth. And now there is no hope of his returning from infidelity to Islam or from darkness to light.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Second Likeness of Hypocrites

Verse – 19a of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

19. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash of lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for fear of death. 19. ‘Aw kasayyi-bim-minas-samaaa-‘i fiihi zulumaatunw- wa ra’-dunw- wa barq. Yaj-‘aluuna ’asaabi-‘ahum fiii ‘aa-zaani-him- minas-sawaa-‘iqi ha-zaral-mawt.




Kasayyi-bin – (Like a rainstorm). Heavy rains.


As-samaaa-i – (The skies). It means exaltations. Every lofty thing which may be either clouds or skies will come in it.


As you have read in a previous lesson that there were two types of hypocrites, first type of the people who were severe enemies of Islam by heart but they claimed as Muslims apparently.


In this verse second type of hypocrites is being explained. They neither enter in Islam whole heartedly and nor leave it due to their weak temperament. But they remain immersed in doubt and perplexity, and can’t make final decision. Likeness of these types of hypocrites is given with heavy rains. There are a lot of benefits in it, barren land becomes fertile, crops move about, canals and streamlets begin to flow. But along with it thunder of clouds which get tremble the hearts and flash of lightening which causes to be dazzled the eyes begins. Very dark darkness spreads over every thing. But still none is enemy of the rains although these happenings.


Islam came with blessing like rains but there are also some difficulties and punctuality with it like prayers, fasting, alms (zakaat), pilgrimage, try and strive and other restrictions/orders of Allah Almighty. The Hypocrites neglect and fear from these restrictions.

Whenever these people saw advantages of Islam, they ran towards it but when the time came to sacrifice, they kept back. Would that these people might have left their doubts, got one way and passed their lives for Islam.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Powerlessness of The Hypocrites

Verse – 19b of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

And Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance). Wallaahu muhiitum-bil-kaafiriin.




Muhiitun – (Encompassed, circumscribed). Here it means that God has circumscribed them with His Knowledge, His Nature and His Divinity.


As the both types of Hypocrites have been discussed earlier:


1.   Those people who are eternal enemies of Islam by their hearts but they say themselves ‘believers’ and claim to be patrons of the Muslims.


2.   The people who are naturally weak by temperament, cowardice and un- ambitious. They accept impression of that assembly which they attend. If they sit with Muslims, listen their preaching and invitation, look their dignity and success then being terrified enter into Islam. But when they lie down in any trial or difficulty then they return towards infidelity. They are afraid of labour and death.


At the end of this verse that Allah Almighty is howsoever encompassing these Hypocrites, they run away from Islam only for the sake of saving themselves from labour and death. But God Almighty has complete power and dignity upon them. So how can they protect themselves from death? Islam claims that they should leave carnal deliciousness and false passions. They should offer their wealth and lives in the path of God. They should bear difficulties and calamities.


They do not want to hear the verses of Agony and anguish. And go away being very inattentively but they can not escape from the Hold of God. Try to protect themselves from seizure of Sole Commander is only folly and proof of stupidity. God gives them only delay and produces the opportunities to understand. When their length of time will end then any power of the world and their any best friend will not be able to save them from fury of God. He knows their all activities including the secrets which they have hidden in their chests and He has containing Divinity over them. He has power to punish anyone, any time as He wishes.


As thunder-bolt, glaze and thunder of lightening be in rain, like this hardness, labour, poverty and difficulties exist in Islam for trial but resultantly they succeed in both the worlds i.e. this life and on the Day of Resurrection. So mankind should not run away from Islam due to fear of these calamities, moreover he should stand firm on it. If a mankind wishes to run away from the calamities he can not escape from Allah Almighty.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Perplexity of Hypocrites & Their Threat

Verse – 20 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  – 1)

The lightening almost snatched away their sight from them. As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein, and when it darkneth against them they stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo! Allah is able to do all things. Yakaadul-barqu yakhtafu ‘absaarahum. Kullammaaa ‘azaaa-‘a lahum- mashaw fiihi, wa ‘izaaa ‘azlama ‘alayhim qaamuu. Wa law shaaa-‘al-laahu  lazahaba bisam-‘ihim wa’absaarihim ‘Innallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- qadiir.




Yakhtafu – (Snatch, put out the hand suddenly and take away). Here it means ‘to be dazzled of eyes’. Overcoming, power and magnificence of Islam are sufficient to snatch their eyes and inspire with awe over their hearts.


Condition of the second kind of Hypocrites is being discussed in this verse with more explanation and detail. In the previous verse instance of ‘the rain’ was given to disclose their nature that they pounce towards their advantages. But if they would have to do some labour or bear some loss then they get rid of the situation.


The rain becomes cause of many advantages for the mankind. But when they look thunder-bolt and glare in it, they cram their fingers into their ears and try to escape from it and deny from advantages of the rain. They do not understand that if someone has to sacrifice something and he has to be overtaken in some trial for the cause of betterment and prosperity, he should not fear from it.


This fact enlightens from it that comfort and calamity exist collected always. If we sacrifice our lives, wealth and children on the way of Allah then surely success and betterment will become our fortune as the reward of sacrifice. This behaviour is not right at all that we run behind our advantages but when the time comes for our trial, we keep ourselves back. Allah Almighty does not like this.


Explanation regarding Hypocrites was begun in the beginning of this section which has been ended here. God Almighty gave the powers of hearing and looking to the mankind. But the Hypocrites applied these powers to get casual advantages and to complete sensual wishes. They closed their ears and eyes completely from looking and hearing the signs of God. They misused these powers instead of using them for the right purpose.


Now God Almighty warns them that if they will not leave this behaviour, these powers will be snatched from them. Although they close their eyes from looking the glare of lightening due to the fear of death because their eyes are dazzled, they cram their fingers into their ears and try to escape from listening thunder-bolt of lightening and death. God may snatch their eye-sight and hearing power at any time wishing they how much try to save themselves.


God blessed the mankind all powers of thinking, hearing and looking but whenever he does not use them according to the Divine Law, he should have feared every time that Allah Almighty some where may not snatch. If He delays in snatching for some time, the mankind should not be fearless because punishment may be delayed by Him. It is possible that He has delayed intentionally or it is due to His kindness.


A person has eyes and ears but till without the will and mood of God both things can not become able to work. He can forfeit the man from using powers of the organs, if He wishes. Having eyes he may not look, having ears he may not hear and it is not impossible from His Divinity. He has established rules, time and causes for management of this world. He can finish at once all the infidels, hypocrites and deniers but due to established customs they get delay so that they abstain. Despite of it if they do not shun, His calamity thus comes upon them that as they have not ever thought. So this result existed in the cases of mostly Hypocrites.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Claim of Worship & Prohibition from Plurality

Verse – 21 & 22 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

21.  O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).

22.  Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).

21. Yaaa-‘ayyu-han-naasu’-buduu Rabba-kumullazii, khalaqa-kum wallaziina min, qablikum la-‘allakum tattaquun.

22.  ‘Allazii ja-‘ala lakumul-‘arza firaa-shanw- was-samaaa-‘a binaaa’aa Wa ‘anzala minas-samaaa-‘i maaa-‘an- fa-‘akh-raja bihii minas-sama-raati rizqal-lakum. Falaa taj-‘aluu  lil-laahi ‘andaadanw-wa ‘antum ta’-lamuun.




Tattaquun – You may ward off (evil). Your habit of living with care and having fear of God in your hearts may become strong. It is called abstinence.


An-naasu – Mankind, people. It is the first time in Holy Qur’aan (in this verse) that God Almighty has claimed and addressed the people with the words ‘O mankind! As if He has claimed from all the mankind to worship Him.


U’-buduu – Worship, pray. It’s mean to obey the Orders of God with humility and respectfully which is called worship and obedience. Prayer, Fasting, Zakaat (Alms), and Pilgrimage are vital parts of worship but worship does not end on only these parts. Also it belongs to entire life.


In the beginning of this Surah good manners of temperate were explained and were told that guidance is for those people who have fear of God in their hearts. After the explanation of Sobers, condition of Infidels was discussed and then remarks on Hypocrites were cleared. Now all the Human Beings are addressed because after the mention of above three types of mankind, fondness to become a Sober really should have been grown in the person. So root path of having fear of God is now being cleared.


Here calling all the people it has been told that real foundation of all the Orders and Fidelities of Islam is to recognize the Lord. First cause to bear the mankind is that he should seek his Lord, he should recognize Him from His open signs, he should worship only Him and ask Him for success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection because He created the mankind, He brought up His creature in each time and taught the human being the ways of promotion according to their abilities. The first sign of the Lord is that He created to you and all of them who have expired before you. Only from this acquaintance the path of fearing from God opens. God has no personal advantage on worshipping Him. But the mankind has a lot of advantages from it. Worship removes distress of fancies of the human being. And he gets opportunity to engage the attention towards realities.


Firaa-shan – Resting-place. God has appointed the earth as our resting-place because He is the Creator of all the creatures.


‘Andaadan – Rivals, partners, co-sharers, confederates. Allah Almighty is alone. There is none His plural or partner, so the mankind should not set up rivals to Him.


In this verse it is stated that the virtue of God to create works in the earth or mother’s womb and the person can not see it. So other virtues which are open are explained so that every person younger or older may think about it.


To keep in existence the mankind, produce causes for its existence and to carry the life of mankind to its last stage gradually, is only in the powers of his Lord ‘God Almighty’. Here it is told that He is Lord of the mankind and He has collected all sources to keep him in existence after his birth. In this connection following things come in front of us for meditation:-


1.   The earth on which we live and move, it is the resting place spread by God.

2.   The sky which has been put over the heads of mankind by the God like canopy of tent and which is the best source of light.

3.   For arrangement of food and water for daily use of mankind, produces fruits of different colors by showering down the rains from skies, which the mankind eats and drinks water. So it is proved that the mankind is indigent of the Lord to remain alive.

So he should understand the Worshipped to that Lord. It is also told in this verse that the Lord Who has all these virtues, His name is Allah Almighty. The mankind should not make any partner or co-sharer of Allah. In this verse the God after admonishing and telling the mankind His blessings and pities ordered to Worship Him and also made him to understand the acquaintance of Him, so that to worship Him after knowing Him. Without acquaintance the worshipper can not get the fear of God in his heart.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Claim of Truth and Challenge of Holy Qur-‘an

Verse – 23 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

And if ye are in doubt concerningthat which We have revealed untoOur slave  (Muhammad), thenproduce a Surah of the like thereof , and call your witnesses beside Allah if ye are  truthful. Wa ‘in- kuntum fii ray-bim-mimmaa nazzal-naa ‘alaa ‘Abdinaa fa’-tuu bi-Suuratim-mim, mis-lih. Wad-‘uu shuha-daaa- ‘akum- min- duunillaahi ‘in- kuntum saadi-qiin.




Nazzal-naa – We revealed. The Speech (Holy Qur’aan) was revealed on Muhammad ‘the Last Prophet’ (peace be upon Him) from Allah Almighty through Gabriel Angel (compliments on Him).


Mis-lihii – Like this. In this word it is pointed out towards both the excellent meanings of Holy Qur’aan, ‘literal’ as well as ‘significant’. Dictation is so easy that every body can understand easily. Intention is discussed beautifully, entire and complete. Second large excellence of the Holy Qur’aan is that every person ‘male’ and ‘female’ have been taught the method of living. If the person moves on this true path he/she will get success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection. If any infidel is in doubt that this is not the Speech of God, it is only a talk of any person then he should try to bring any one surah like this which has both the excellences as mentioned above. If not so then he should accept that the Holy Qur’aan is speech of God. And no body can make any book like this without any doubt, if someone wishes, he may include the entire world in this work he is free.


Shuha-daaa- ‘akum – Your witnesses. Call the people to witness your claim that you have written the answer of this Surah and they verify you.


In the previous verses Allah Almighty told that He is the Creator of all the human beings and sets up them. So He is the Worshipped only. It was necessary to prove the prophet-hood of the Messenger (Peace be upon Him) so that it might be clear to the human beings that the Holy Qur’aan which was bestowed to the Messenger is Speech of God. Due to this reason after the announcement of Oneness of God, invitation for acceptance of prophet-hood was given. And it was told the people that if they had doubt in the truth of Prophet, and they presume that the Holy Qur’aan is not the speech of God (we seek shelter of Allah) then they produce and show any speech like this. All the nations and their scholars tried to do so but they could neither do so and nor they would be able to do so.


Holy Qur’aan is proof of truth itself. It is the claim of Holy Qur’aan that if any body does not accept it as the Speech of God, he should produce any speech like this.


God commanded in one verse of Holy Qur’aan, “prepare and produce ten surahs like Holy Qur’aan”. On other place, “Bring only three like this”, and in this Surah, “if not, produce at least one Surah like this. You can call and collect your all friends to try, but it is the only condition that your speech would have all those excellences which are held in the Speech of God and your speech would affect the life of human being like the Surahs of Holy Qur’aan”.


Before Islam the Arab nation kept back from other nations in many matters. Morally she had lost essence of humanity. Socially and economically they were at the stage of limitless low. Politically they had not wisdom entirely. They were plain from the conception of religion. Really they were brave but due to ignorance and bigotry they became idiots and oppressors.


God Almighty revealed this Speech on the last Messenger (Peace be upon Him) and with its source this nation became spiritual guide of the entire world. The Messenger (Peace be upon Him) did not remain ever pupil of any teacher out of human beings. He (Peace be upon Him) did not know reading and writing absolutely. He (Peace be upon Him) did not has information regarding any outer part of the world. The people of His (Peace be upon Him) country were illiterate and they were proud of being illiterates.


With the Speech of God the Illiterate Prophet (Peace be upon Him) carried His illiterate and ignorant nation on the steps of improvement and perfection that there is no comparison in the history of world. These Arabian became guides of the nations of world in morality, spiritualism, sociology, economics, politics, sovereignty, religion, means every part of life.


In the history of one thousand four hundred years of Islam any scholar or learned could not accept this challenge of Holy Qur’aan. Ibn maqna’ tried boundless in the era of Caliph Haroon Rasheed and after him, before some centuries the scholars and writers of Lebanon but they could not write the answer of seven verses of “The Opening” (Surah al-Faatihah).





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Helplessness of Adversary & Glad for Orthodox

Verse – 24 & 25a of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

24.  And if ye do it not and ye can never do it, then guard yourself against the Fire prepared for disbelievers whose fuel is of men and stones.

25.  And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow.

24.  Fa-‘illam- taf-‘aluu wa lan-taf-‘aluu fattaqun-Naarallatii wa-quudu-han-naasu wal-hijaa-ratu ‘u-‘iddat lil-Kaafiriin.

25.  Wa bashshi-rillaziina ‘aa-manuu wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati ‘anna lahum jannaatin- tajrii min-tahtihal-‘anhaar.




Wa-quudu-han-naasu wal-hijaa-ratu – Its fuel is of men and stones. It is earmarked towards Fire of the Hell which will be much vigorous. It will also burn the stones in addition to the human beings. As though the Idols of stones will also become fuel of it, may it be that hint of Al-Hijaa-ratu is towards stony or hard-hearted human-beings.


In the previous lesson the adversary people were invited for competition with Holy Qur’aan. Now they are being told, “if you are unable to compete and we say that you shall not be able, then now it is clear that it is the Speech of God”. And it is evident that the Messenger (Muhammad) (Peace be upon Him) is the True Prophet. Now if you do not have faith on Prophet-hood of ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) and do not act upon the commands of Holy Qur’aan, it shall be the Base of Hell’s Agony. So you should arrange to escape from it because the Fire of Hell is not the normal fire. But that is the Fire of which men and stones will become its fuel. And this Fire is prepared for them who contradict the commands of Islam, Prophet-hood of Muhammad (peace be upon Him), Truth of the Divine percepts of Islam and purity of Holy Qur’aan.

Some more talks have also been cleared from this verse:

1.   The matter in which enemies of Islam particularly “the Quresh” claimed, “purity of the words and admonish the meanings easily”, made them humble in it and it was proved that this Speech was of the God.

2.   The false gods which the people have adopted instead of the One God (Allah Almighty) and pray them for boons, those all were refuted.

3.  Punishment of infidelity was fixed the Hell.


We should not have any doubt in Truth of the Holy Qur’aan, purity of Islam, truth and honesty of the Messenger ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) because if all the mankind try collectively to write any one small surah like Surahs of the Holy Qur’aan, they can not bring (in which all those excellences must be present which are held in this Speech). Some of those excellences are: pure words, eloquence and rhetoric, preaching of good manners, explain the meanings excellently, material for relief and guidance of all the people, instructions for the mankind in all the matters of difficulties and problems, equally useful for all the nations of the world etc.


‘Aa-manuu – They believe. Those people who have not any doubt in Divinity of the God, Prophet-hood of the Messenger ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) and truth of Holy Qur’aan.


Wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati – (do good works). The works which are according to the guidance of Holy Qur’aan and the Messenger (peace be upon Him), pure from badness and crookedness.

In this verse good tidings have been given to those who believe and do good works that they will go in the Gardens (Paradise) in which all facilities of comfort and pleasure will be present. The rivers of cool and flavored water will be flowing in them.


Now it has been cleared that to become rightful of the Heaven and for entering into it two excellences are necessary for the human being. (1) There might be no doubt in his heart regarding God and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). (he should understand that his worshipped, Lord and Master is Allah Almighty, promise that the Messenger of God (Peace be upon Him) is true, believe that the Holy Qur’aan is the Speech of God and have faith on the Day of Resurrection). (2)  His all deeds would be according to the commands of Holy Qur’aan and instructions of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). He should not leave any that work which has been ordered and instructed as mentioned above. He should not do any prohibited work.


We have reached on this point with the Summary of this verse that Paradise can not be gotten only with the good works. Belief and faith are also necessary with good works and just like this good works are necessary with the belief.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Feasts of Paradise

Verse – 25 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

25.  And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow. (next to last)As often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: This is what was given us aforetime and it is given to them in resemblance. Therefor them are pure companions and therein they abide for ever. 25.  Wa bashshi-rillaziina ‘aa-manuu wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati ‘anna lahum jannaatin- tajrii min-tahtihal-‘anhaar.

Kullamaa ruziquu minhaa min-samaratir-rizqan, qaaluu haazallazii ruziqnaa min-qablu, wa ‘utuu bihii mutashaabihaa. Wa lahum fiihaaa ‘azwaa-jum-mutah-harah, wa hum fiihaa khaaliduun.




Mutah-harah – (Pure). It aims that the companions (wives/husbands) who will be favoured to each person in the Paradise they will be pure and clear in all respect. They will be away from the filth of body and soul.


Khaaliduun – (For ever). They will remain in the Paradise for ever and will not come out of it.


In this verse God discussed about the rewards which will be given to the Believers and Pious persons. Usually a person needs a fine and well furnished house for living, delicious and tasteful meals for eating and drinking, pure, beautiful and pious companions, rest and comfort for ever. The person would not have any fear of ‘to be snatched’, expire of above mentioned favours. Also he/she would have faith that they will get advantages always from these things.


The God Almighty promised with the Believers like these things. The people who will believe on Oneness of God, His Angels, His Holy Books, His Prophets (Peace be upon Them), be alive again on the Day of Resurrection, good or bad luck with the direction of God and will act upon the commands of God and His last Messenger (Peace be upon Him) they will be favoured with these things after their departure from this world. They will live in the beautiful gardens. For eating they will be served with different types of fruit, which by shape will be like the fruit of this world but by taste, relish and fragrance those will be much superior to this world’s fruit.


Because the Paradise is the home of each type of material and spiritual pleasures and comforts so it will be their fortune that their companions will be pure, clean and clear. There they will not have any fear that their any pleasure or comfort will be lessen or withdrawn from them. But God Almighty will give them faith that these all favours are for ever for them, they would not have any fear of snatching any thing in their hearts. They are lucky who are rightful of that Paradise.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects

Verse – 26 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude of a gnat or even anything above that. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; and those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby. And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants. ‘Innallaaha laa yastah-yiii ‘any-yazriba masalam-maa ba-‘uuzatan- famaa fawqahaa. Fa-‘ammallaziina ‘aamanuu fa-ya’-lamuuna ‘annahul-Haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa ‘ammal-laziina kafaruu fayaquuluuna maazaaa’araadallaahu bihaa-zaa masa-laa. Yuzillu bihii kasiiranw-, wayahdii bihii kasiiraa. Wa maa yu-zillu bihiii ‘illal-Faasi-qiin.




Fawqahaa – (Above that) More lean and ignoble thing than above.

In the previous verses disbelievers were invited to prove the truth of Holy Qur’aan that if they consider it is not the Speech of God, they produce the speech like this. But they could neither reply till to-date and nor they will till the Day of Resurrection. In this condition of helplessness they could not do anything. However they tried to find out and said that how is it an extraordinary that The God having too much high position and greatness gives similitude of so contemptible and lean things?

It is true that in the Holy Qur’aan bigger creatures are also mentioned on different places along with the smaller, animals like on one side the elephants, camels and horses etc and on the other hand ant, fly and mosquito etc. To make the people understand the God has discussed similes of these animals. As somewhere He says that idols of infidels are too weak and helpless to create a fly. But when a fly or mosquito sits on their faces they can not let it fly. Somewhere He says that religion of Infidels is weak like spider’s web. Hearing these like similes some Infidels began to say that God of Muslims speaks so strange (we seek refuge in Allah) that He does not hesitate to give instances of so small things. God replied on their criticism in this verse.


Simile means the thing for which example is given, be impressed upon mind by explaining widely and illuminating. Now that simile will be the best which fulfills this intention, wishing that thing is much customary or small itself. Mosquito is a too much ignoble and unimportant creature. Now where there is need to explain unreality of idols or any other creature, there will be appropriate example of mosquito. Criticizing against it is a folly and immaturity.


Summary of above verse is that Allah Almighty does not hesitate to give example of mosquito or smaller thing than it. Because purpose to give example is to explain anything. The example will be given like something is. There is nothing to hesitate or take bad with it.

The Believers take this example as true and proper explainer and consider it right from the God. But Infidels laugh at these examples and taunt critically that what Allah Almighty means by giving these types of examples?


The Believers have faith on being worshipped of God Almighty and Truth of Hadrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). They consider it their first duty to admit the orders of God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him)) and to act on them. Therefore, if God Almighty explains any simile, they try to understand its true meanings. They do not care that the similitude is of what sort itself? Is it customary or have some importance? Is there an explanation of either any superior or inferior thing. Though they think about its true meaning and learn from it.


The Infidels refuse God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). They do not have any interest to find the Right. They just keep watching the secrets in the verses or to find out faults. So whenever Allah Almighty explains simile for their consideration in spite of trying to understand its true meanings, they begin to raise unreasonable questions on it.


From this verse we have learnt that the Believers and the people who have good moral character are those who think about the similitude explained by Allah Almighty. They try to understand and do not use crooked arguments in it.


Faasi-qiin – (Miscreants). According to the Divine’s Law who gets out from the obedience of God, disobeys and indulges in sins.

There are many ways to reach the destination in the world but out of these all there is only one way which can be straight. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and granted sense to the mankind. Not only this, although He sent messages through Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Then) for guidance. After this the mankind is empowered to choose a way which he wants. Now if a person, getting advantage of freedom chooses a wrong way then he falls in evil. And when he adopts evil at his own then other accessories of that way are provided. As putting hand into the fire gets burnt like this when a person adopts a wrong path then evils and harms increase gradually.


According to this verse due to similes of Allah Almighty some people go astray because of their reasoning absurdly and arguments. They do not think about purpose of these examples, although they waste their powers of thinking on criticizing against it. Immoral means miscreants, who run behind their evil desires and do not listen to any talk easily which may prevent them from their bad habits.


At the end of the verse God Almighty explains it more clearly that this astray comes to them who want to go astray. Allah Almighty does not attach astray upon anyone, although his heart leaves out due to his disobedience knowingly and repeatedly. Search for the truth and demand of the Right do not remain. Absurd and lie attach with heart. Though astray is the result of disobedience and evil.








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Who Go Astray

Verse – 27 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined and (who) make mischief in the earth, Those are they who are the losers. ‘Allaziina yanqu-zuuna ‘Ah-dallaahi mim-ba’-di mii-saaqihii, wa yaqta-‘uuna maaa ‘amarallaahu bihiii ‘any-yuu-sala wa yufsiduuna fil-‘arz ‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul-khaa-siruun.




‘Ah-da – (Covenant) To act upon the Spoken words after speaking them becomes necessary. Covenant of God means that The God is our Lord and we believe to obey the covenant of God. God asked from all the mankind collectively before sending them in this world, “Am I not your Lord”? All the mankind ratified, “Yes! You are our Lord”. Then God commanded, “I make witness to the earth and sky. And to remind you this covenant that I shall send My Messengers (Peace be upon Them). Hazrat Abi bin Ka’ab (Compliments on Him) said that the meaning of the Covenant of God is this covenant in this verse. Besides the covenant of the Day of Eternity there is some other covenant in which nature of mankind is present. Then there are other covenants also present which were done by having faith on the Prophets (Peace be upon Them) and are done with the pious on the name of God.


It has been being discussed from the previous verse that adulterers and disobedient people become victim of depravity. Now causes of their depravity are being mentioned:


•       They break the covenant after ratifying with God. To believe that Allah is my Master, my Worshipped and my Lord is a very simple talk and the sense of the mankind wishes itself that he should not believe on any other thing as his Lord but God.


•       Other token is that the miscreant breaks each type of that relationship to which God has commanded to unite. It means that the person should perform and complete all the Rights of God and which are due on him in accord with relationship with the mankind. But the miscreant becomes undutiful and ungrateful.


•       Third mark of the fornicator is that he spreads disturbance in the country. He creates mischief in the peace of world.


After pointing out towards above three signs the God has told their end that these people will go astray regarding the religion and the world. God Almighty save us from their evil and bring us towards the straight path.








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

How You Disbelieve In God

Verse – 28 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you! Then He will give  you death, then life again, and then unto Him ye will return. Kayfa takfuruuna billaahi wa kuntum ‘am-waatan- fa- ‘ahyaakum. Summa yumiitukum summa yuhyiikum summa ‘ilay—hi turja-‘uun.



Turja-‘uun – You will be returned. This word discloses the fact that human being does not end forever after his death. Moreover he will be given life again and he will be present in front of God Almighty.


The Messengers (Peace be upon Them) of Allah Almighty came towards all the nations of world and in the each corner of the earth. They all had the same message that God is one, He is the real Worshipped of all and He is actual Lord, life and death is in His Power.


He is the God Who created the earth as bed, the rivers flew in it so that the earth may become green and lush, and crops move about. He produced the mountains on it, grew vegetation and minerals, Erected the sky without pillars, Created the sun, the moon and the stars, from which someone can look the path in the dark nights. He is Who has given us life and provided materials for our improvement.


Consider it well also that there was a time when there was not any sign of human beings. Each side of the world was silent. He gave life to the human being. Human being spent his life here for many years. The person took advantage from His creatures. Then a time will come when all the human beings will die who will be present at that time. After it these human beings and other persons who had expired before them will get life by the Orders of Allah. Then all the human beings will appear before the God.


Power of giving Life and death is in the God’s hands. When last time of life comes for anyone, no body can extend till one second of the life.


When all the resources including life of human being are in powers of Allah and every breath depends on His mercy. Then we should bow our heads in front of the Orders of Allah Almighty. Our good luck and forgiveness is in it that we should try to be prepared for appearance in front of God and accountability for our deeds.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Tokens of God

Verse – 29 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  – 1)

He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is Knower of all things. Huwal-lazii khalaqa lakum-maa fil’arzi jamii-‘aa: sum-mas-tawaaa ‘ilas-Samaaa-‘i fa-sawwaa-hunna sab-‘a samaa-waat Wa Huwa bi-kulli shay-‘in ‘aliim.



Fa-sawwaa-hunna – So fashioned them. It means “To adjust/rectify different parts and joints of a thing at their own places”.


Sab-‘a samaa-waat – “Seven Heavens,” “Sam-un” is the matter of “Samaa-waat” and its meaning is height. Due to relation of height with the sky it is called Sky. “Sab-aa” means seven. Hence in the Arabic proverb this word is used in the meanings of too much and numerous.


The human being is the name of the collection of body and soul. It is clear that needs of these both things are completed by the God Almighty, who made this physical frame of mud. His first kindness is that He completes all the physical needs of the human beings so that his body may develop, improve, bud and blossom. The soul of human being also needs food along with bringing up the body.


The meaning of this verse is that the Lord created the earth first. He flew rivers, seas and ocean on one side and raised the high mountains on the other side which talk with the sky grew forests of the trees, fed up the inner parts of the earth with different kinds of uncounted treasures. And these all things were created for the sake of Prophet Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His generation. Now it is the duty of Human Beings that they get reasonable advantages from these uncounted treasures using their wisdom and sense.


Using the word jamii-‘aa The God commanded that these all things are for the children of Adam (Peace be upon Him). They have the right to get advantages from these things. With the physical body of the Human Being breeding of his soul is also necessary. For this purpose earth and its production is un-sufficient. So after creating the earth He engaged the attention towards the Sky. From there it rained guidance in the different times for the training of the Souls of the Human Beings. As the mankind gets advantage from the things of the earth, he should get advantage also from this Rain of Guidance so that his soul may become perfect. As it after becoming a complete mankind he may attend the Court of God.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Dignity of Human Being

Verse – 30a of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

And when thy Lord said untothe angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, Wa ‘iz qaala Rabbuka lil-Malaaa-‘ikati –“Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”



Malaaa-‘ikati (Angels) this word “Malaaa-‘ikati” came out

from the word “Alook”. Alook means to carry the message.

So Malaaa-‘ikati means the creature which brings the Messages of God towards Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Them). The Angels are the Bright and Spiritual Beings. They are pure from sins and do not disobey the orders of God.


KHALIIF-AH – (Viceroy, Caliph). KhaliifatUllah is the person who

establishes the Divine’s Law on the earth. It is evident from here that which powers and abilities will be given to the human being by the God, those will be quite right to establish the caliphate of God.


He is the Lord of the worlds who created the earth, the skies and other all the universe. All things of the earth like vegetation, minerals, beasts and animals, mountains, rivers, canals, springs etc come on the one side of this universe and on the other side the skies and the other things created in the skies. God knows better about the philosophy of creating all the things of earth and skies.


Why The Adam (peace be upon Him) was created? What was the need to make this body of mud (human being)? What is its purpose of life? The answer to these questions has been given in this verse and the verses coming ahead.


When the God completed the work of creation of the earth, skies and all things in between them like the moon, the sun, the stars, rivers, mountains etc and they began their work then The God addressed the Angels (Peace be upon Them), “Now the time has come to know that for whom these things have been created, he should also come in front. The aim is that I want to create my Caliph on the earth who will get the possession of all these things and will complete the motive of God in the world. He will pay The God’s right of Caliphate and Assistance. He will issue and pass the Orders of God.”


God Almighty is The Creator and Master of this universe. He is the Master of all good manners of benevolence. We neither can count His traits and nor works. He has put in the leaven of human being some excellences out of His attributes so that he may show up His characteristics after coming in this world, elevate His name and prove with his speech and deed that he is really the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty.


If the God is Merciful then the human being should feel pity not over his near relatives but also over all the living creatures. It is said by the Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) that if you slaughter any animal, take pity over it, slaughtering knife should be sharp edged so that the animals’ vein may cut off immediately and it does not feel much trouble later on.


One attribute of The God is Justice and Equity. It is the duty of human being that he should do justice and equity equally with all. In this matter he should neither favour his near relative and nor be ignored the stranger. All the persons should be seen with one sight.


One name of The God is For-Bearer also (Mild). The mankind disobeys Him and he indulges in many sins but The God delays, takes it with softness, overlooks it and gives time to the criminal so that he may renounce and change his attitude. It is also our duty that we should produce in ourselves the attribute of mildness. We should keep soft behaviour with our comrades and give them chance for correction on their mistakes.


In short, the human being should try to grow all the traits and manners which are noble of God and treat the people as God treats His servants.


If we do not produce God’s attributes in ourselves then we do not have right to be the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty, and we can not get this higher rank any way which He liked for us.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Request Of Angels And Reply By God

Verse – 30b of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

They said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not. Qaaluuu ‘ataj-‘alu fiihaa many-yufsidu fiihaa wa yasfi-kud-dimaaa’. Wa nahnu nusabbihu bi-Ham-dika wa nu-qaddisu lak. Qaala “’Inniii ‘a’-lamu maa laa ta’-lamuun”.




Yasfi-kud-dimaaa – (yasfi-ku means to shed, to flow, to cause and ad-dimaaa came out from ‘dam’ which means blood).


Nusabbihu – We hymn means we sing songs of praise to You (God). Consider with heart that God is the most Superior to the creature and accept it with tongue, and admit that all good attributes in Him are according to His rank.


Nu-qaddisu – We sanctify (derived from sanctity). Deem that the God Almighty is sacred and higher from all the bad traits and attributes of His creature.


When the Angels (peace be upon them) listened the announcement from the God, “Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”(Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth), they said, “Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee”. Aim of this conversation is that the human being will murder his other brothers and sisters, there is a danger of quarrels between this creature on the earth, due to the quarrels the world will become home of destruction and ruin because He will follow his wishes, he will not become obedient completely of you.


The Angels (peace be upon them) requested, “O Lord! If You mean to create Your Caliph so that You be praised in each side, all creatures sing songs of praise to You and obey to You then we are present for Your this service, we are ready every time to listen your orders and act upon Your advice. “We hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee”. So what is the need of creating a creature on the earth?

They also requested that Your Nature is sacred and pure, Your each work is right but we can not understand that out of the creature of the earth, how can be a creature which obey You, praise You, hymn and sanctify You like us. The God Almighty replied them, “Surely I know that which ye know not”.


The above mentioned narration is one dark side of the picture because the Angels (peace be upon them) considered the human being will shed the blood of his brothers, will plunder, will quarrel and ruin. They saw in it only the evil and badness.


But about the other bright side of this picture, “Creation of the Caliph, the human being” they did not know. Hidden qualities in the mankind were new ideas and inventions, development in different fields of life as his reach from the depth of oceans to heights of the skies, development in the different departments of the science for example physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computers, aero planes, vehicles, construction technology, petrochemical, ships, his journey towards different planets, electromechanical, agricultural, industrial field, his control over the clouds and rains, his control over the birth, vegetation etc, they did not know about all of this. Due to their ignorance from the hidden qualities of human being they knew only one side. The Angels request was not to criticize the God but they requested politely because they did not know that this mankind will disclose the secrets and powers of the God.


The God knew both sides of the life of His caliph. He was aware of His caliph’s present position and also about the coming changes ahead with the passage of time. He was acquainted that His Caliph will bring changes in the entire world with his knowledge and wisdom.


So The God Almighty replied on the request of Angels (Peace be upon them), “I know and you do not know”. Its aim is that you don’t know about how much advisability and philosophy are hidden in creation of My caliph.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Excellence of Knowledge

Verse – 31 & 32 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

31.  And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.

32.  They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise.

31.  Wa ‘allama ‘Aadamal-‘as-maaa-‘a kullahaa summa ‘arazahum ‘alal-malaaa-‘ikati faqaala ‘ambi-‘uunii bi-‘as-maaa-‘i haaa-‘u-laaa-‘i ‘in- kuntum saadiqiin.32.  Qaaluu –Subhaanaka laa ‘ilma lanaaa ‘illaa maa ‘allamtanaa. ‘Innaka ‘antal-‘Aliimul-Hakiim.



‘Aadama – (Adam). He (peace be upon Him) is the Father of all humankind.


‘As-maaa-‘a.  (Names) the word which is spoken for acquaintance of any person or thing is used as its name. To recognize that person/thing it is also necessary that its qualities and signs should be known.

Here meanings of the names are, “the names of all the things, their characteristics and conditions which would have to become necessary for the Adam and His children after sending them on the earth.” God Almighty acquainted the Adam (Peace be upon Him) about all the things’ names, their states and their characteristics.


According to the Knowledge of God the creation which was going to become His Caliph, before his appearing all the things were produced and then the humankind was created and He was named as Adam (peace be upon Him).


As you know that one creature of the God is Angels which are produced from the Bright (Noor). They pass their entire time in obedience and worship of God and it is their greatest excellence. They are totally pure and clean from all the wishes and needs which are good for the Adam. So they quite do not know about the use of all  things of the earth and skies. However it is fact that God has not created any thing without cause. There is indeed any philosophy and advisability in it.


The Lord Almighty created the Adam (peace be upon Him) from the mud. Then He produced in his body different kinds of wishes and needs. He gave knowledge also to adopt the different means to fulfill his wishes. He grew ability in it that he may acquaint with all the things easily and may know their characteristics.


The Adam has to face different accidents, incidents and changes in the different times. It has been kept in His nature that He will cross all the hurdles consciously and successfully. He has been informed about names of each necessary thing and its characteristics to compete in all kinds of difficulties.


As it has been already discussed that the Angels know only about which they have been given knowledge. The things they do not need, they neither know about them and nor they can try to know about them.


So after teaching the names of all things to the Adam (Peace be upon Him) the God Almighty produced those things in front of the Angels. He commanded them, “If you are true in your claim that you hymn Mine praise and sanctity Me perfectly then tell Me the names of following things”.


The Angels are sacred creature. They do not have any work besides worship. How could they tell the names? They said, “We have only that knowledge which You have taught us. Besides that we know nothing. Now! These things, we can say only that there will be any advantage in producing them but we don’t know about its philosophy and secrecy because Your works are not but full with Your philosophy and advisability.


It is evident from these verses that due to knowledge the mankind became superior and higher in rank to the Angels. Now if any person out of the generation of the Adam (peace be upon Him) is careless from the knowledge then he can not perform the duty of God’s caliph. We see that those nations, who acquired knowledge, are really on the path of development.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Victory Of The Knowledge

Verse – 33 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide. Qaala  “Yaaa-‘Aadamu ‘ambi’-hum- bi-‘asmaaa-‘ihim.” Falammaaa   ‘amba-‘ahum- bi-‘Asmaaa-ihim, qaala   ‘alam ‘aqul-lakum  ‘iniii   ‘a’-lamu gay-bas-samaawaati wal-‘arz, wa ‘a’-lamu maa tubdunna wa maa kuntum taktu-muun.



The Caliphate’s event of the Adam (Peace be upon Him) is being narrated continuously. When Allah Almighty declared the caliphate of the Adam before Angels (Peace be upon Them) at first they requested, “Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee?” He said: “Surely I know that which ye know not.”


God Almighty kept trial of knowledge before them to prove the claim of Adam. The Adam (peace be upon Him) was bestowed by the knowledge of things according to His natural ability and purity. The Angels were not able to know about the names and characteristics of the things. When the questions were asked from the both, the Angels accepted their ignorance but the Adam told the names of all the things and proved His superiority.


At this stage God Almighty said, “I had already told you that I know about outward appearance and inward qualities of every thing. I am well-informed about the secrets of the earth and heavens. The doubts about the Adam you disclosed, I know them and I also know about that which were not disclosed openly by you.” As though the knowledge of God is containing all the things, He bestows rank and responsibility to each one according to one’s ability and qualification.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prostration Of The Angels

Verse – 34 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. Wa ‘iz qulnaa lil- malaaa-‘ikatis-judduu  li-‘Aadama fasajaduuu ‘illaaa ‘Ibliis ‘abaa wastakbara wa kaana minal-kaafiriin.



As-judduu – (Prostrate yourselves) literally and particularly in the Divine precepts of religion Sajdah means prostration; to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground; prayer. Sajdah is the most venerable token so according to the Divine’s Law Sajdah is forbidden for anyone except Allah Almighty. In this verse aim of prostrate to the Adam (peace be upon Him) is that the Angels (peace be upon Them) bow their heads towards the Adam to accept His superiority and reverence for His respect. If we take its meanings in accord with the Divine then also its aim is to prostrate to the God Almighty keeping their faces towards the Adam (peace be upon Him) because here meanings of the word li-‘Aadama are ‘towards the Adam’ and not (prostrate) for Adam (peace be upon Him)


‘Ibliis – (Satan, devil) literal meanings of this word are ‘hopeless’. This ‘Ibliis was not an Angel but He was a demon created from the Fire. Because the Angel is a heavenly spirit, so it can not be hoped that the Angels will refuse, disagree, deny or violate the Order of God Almighty. Satan was included in the community of the Angels due to His worship and obedience of Allah Almighty.


‘abaa Wastakbara-(He demurred through pride) the Devil ‘Satan’ disobeyed intentionally and took pride.


When it was cleared that the Adam (peace be upon Him) was superior to the Angels due to His knowledge and rank, and was rightful of the Caliphate of God on the earth, then Allah Almighty ordered to the Angels to bow towards the Adam (peace be upon them) admitting His grandeur.


Obeying the order of God all the Angels prostrated of course the devil demurred and said, “I am created from the fire and the Adam is created from the mud so I shall not prostrate towards the Adam” (peace be upon Him).

Due to denying the order of God the Ibliis became infidel and He was forfeited from the Mercy of Allah Almighty. He lost the vicinity of God and fell in the reproach of God, and was fixed in the deserving anguish.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Adam In The Garden And Prohibited Tree

Verse – 35 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye, freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nighthis tree lest ye become wrongdoers. Wa qulnaa yaaa-‘Aada-mus-kun ‘anta wa zaw-jukal-Jannata wa kulaaminhaa ragadan hay-su shi’-tumaa; wa laa taqrabaa haazihish-shajarata fata-kuunaa minaz-zaalimiin.



Jannata – literal significance of this word is the garden whose close trees cover the earth. In the phrase of Divine precepts of Religion its significance is that splendid Garden in which there are uncounted blessings and which will be conferred to the persons of good disposition. That Garden is called Jannah also because that is hidden from our sights too.


zaw-juka – (Your wife) Eve (the wife of Adam (peace be upon Him) who was already created before this discussion. She is the Mother all of us.


Hay-su shi’-tumaa – (Where ye will) (from where you wish to eat) this word exposes the width and greatness of the Paradise.


God Almighty created the Adam in accord with His own Will and made him the viceroy of His Own on the earth. Then to clear his position Allah Almighty ordered the Angels to prostrate towards the Adam (peace be upon him) so that anyone may not have courage to rebel or disobey Him. The Angels admitted the greatness of the Adam and bowed towards Him.


After the Caliphate of Adam (Peace be upon Him) Allah Almighty gave them (Adam and His wife) chance to live in the Paradise, eat and drink what they wish.


About the Eve Commentators of Islam narrated that the Adam was alone in the Paradise. He was tired of aloneness. So God created the Eve and commanded both to live in the Paradise.


It is evident that God Almighty gave the Adam how many rewards and ranks, at first He was given knowledge, then He became Caliph of God, then he was presented a life partner (wife) for comfort and pleasure, then He was placed in Paradise and bestowed uncounted blessings for eating and drinking. Allah Almighty bestows presents to His servants always. Now it is the duty of His servants to thank God and know the respect of these favours.

Laa taqrabaa – come not nigh (near). Actual significance of this order was that the Adam should not eat the fruit of that particular tree.


Haazihish-shajarata – ‘this tree’ was a tree out of the trees of Paradise and the Adam was acquainted about that tree. In the Holy Qur’aan there is no explanation about it however the commentators of the religion have different views about that particular tree. Some of them say that it was the tree of grapes and some say that it was plant of wheat; some have view as dates and fig. In the Sayings of the Messenger of God (Peace and blessings on Him) it has not been explained.


Minaz-zaalimiin – (out of wrongdoers) it is the significance of those people who oppress themselves. Disobeying the orders of God is the oppression over oneself. Now it is clear that at that time means of the Paradise was not as the reward of good deeds as now it has. But at that time there were Divine’s laws. Some orders were to obey them and some deeds were to be prevented to do them.


It is the lesson for us that the person who does the works of doubts and suspicions him endangers himself intensively for wrong deeds. So the God Almighty prevented the Adam (peace be upon Him) to go near that prohibited tree so that neither they will go nigh the tree and nor they will wish to eat it. We should also abstain from the doubtful and suspicious things. It should also be remembered that the person who disobeys the orders of God Almighty he actually loses his own. He creates mischief for himself in this world as well as the next world i.e. Doomsday.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Error Of Adam And Expulsion From Paradise

Verse – 36 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

But Satan caused them to deflect there-from and expelled them from the (happy) state in which theywere; and We said: Fall down, oneof you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth ahabitation and provision for a time. Fa-‘azalla-humash-shay-taanu ‘anhaa fa-‘akh-raja-humaa mimmaa kaanaa fiih. Wa qulnah-bituu ba’-zukum li-ba’zin ‘aduww. Wa  lakum fil ‘arzi musta-qarrunw- wa mataa-‘un ‘ilaa hiin.



Fa-‘azalla-huma – Then they were deflected. It is understood that deflection does not come under the meanings of intentionally disobedience and violence. But significance of the deflection is error, slip due to mistake, forgetfulness.


Ash-shay-taanu – Significance of the Satan is that creature who went away from the Mercy of the Creator. It is the second name of Iblis. He disobeyed the God Almighty so He was ordered to get rid of the Paradise. Then He became strict enemy of the generation of the Adam (Peace be upon Him). He can not compel the human being to disobey the God or to do evil, but He induces the mankind with different methods to go on the path of evil. He is able to do this work (remaining either away or near) without measurement of the distances.


‘Anhaa – (Cause of it) It may be pointed out towards the tree as significant that by the tree Satan deflected them and it may also be earmarked towards the Paradise that the Adam (Peace be upon Him) was expelled from it.


God Almighty placed the Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His wife in Paradise and ordered not to eat the fruit of that particular tree

and not to go near it. The Satan did not prostrate towards the Adam so He was rejected. He became enemy of the Adam due to jealousy. He intended strongly that anyhow the Adam be deflected from the Paradise.


In the Holy Qur’aan it has come in an other place that the Iblis reached near the Adam and His wife and assured them swearing that He is Their friend and well-wisher, and said that if you will eat the fruit of this tree, you will become Angels and will remain in Paradise forever.

The Adam and His wife were entrapped. They did not know that anyone can swear false of the God. They ate the fruit of that tree. As they ate the fruit, their dress of Paradise was dropped down from the bodies and they began to fold the leaves of the trees around their bodies due to shame. The God Almighty ordered them to get out from here. Satan became cause of their deflection from the Paradise. We should try to save ourselves from His deception.


Ih-bituu – Fall down (you all). It signifies to go down from the higher place or migrate from one place to the other. It also signifies that in which Paradise the Adam (peace be upon Him) and His wife were residing they all (including their children and race) had to leave that place.

‘Aduwwun – (Enemies, foe, rival) the map of the life on earth has been taught by this word. In this world there will be possibility of struggle, jealousy, selfishness, sensuality and envy, and to save oneself from this badness will be the token of human being’s piousness.

‘Ilaa hiin – (For a time, till the particular time) it is evident from this verse that stay of human being is accidental on this earth and not forever. Then they will attend the Court of God.


After eating the fruit of that particular tree due to misleading of the Satan, which was forbidden to eat by the God Almighty, He ordered that this place is not suitable for you now. Go away on the earth. In the world some people of the mankind will not remain in peace and truce, and will quarrel with each other. They will reside there till their death. During their life time they will have to get advantage from the earthen commodities with working hard and collect the things for drinking and eating.

Useful matters which come out of this verse are:

•        Satan is enemy of the human being. He tries his best to cheat and deceive the mankind.

•        Existence of the humankind is casual/accidental. Its reality is like an Inn. So we should recognize the world as to stay for some time and we should not forget our Lord, God Almighty supposing this world to live forever.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Penitence Of Adam (Peace Be Upon Him)

Verse – 37 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented towards him. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful. Fata-laqqaaa ‘Aadamu mir-Rabbihii Kalimaatin,  fa-taaba ‘alayh.  ‘Innahuu Huwat-Tawwaa-bur-Rahiim.



Fata-laqqaaa – Then learnt, received from Lord.

Kalimaatin – Words (of revelation). The God Almighty taught the Adam (Peace be upon Him) the words of penitence with His Mercy and Kindness. Here the words of penitence signify towards the following verse of Holy Qur’aan, “They said: Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If Thou forgive us not and have not mercy on us, surely we are of the lost”. (VII: 23 – The Heights) “Qaalaa Rabbanaa zalamnaaa ‘anfu-sanaa Wa ‘il-lam tagfir-lanaa wa  tar-hamnaa   lanakuu-nanna minal-khaa-siriin.” (7: 23 – Al-‘Aa’-raaf). These words were spoken by the both i.e. the Adam and His wife (compliments upon them).


Fa-taaba – so He relented, engaged the attention. Penitence means repentance for sins, sorrow for wrongdoing, and return towards the straight path. Request for forgiveness from the sins is called penitence because the mankind admits with the perception of sins and promises that he will abstain from the sins.


When the Adam (peace be upon Him) and His wife were ordered to leave the Paradise, they perceived about their mistake, regretted a lot on it, wept in the situation of distress on their mistake and wandered repentant restlessly. Ultimately the God Almighty felt pity upon them and revealed the words of benediction for penitence in their hearts. They prayed with these words and God Almighty accepted their penitence because certainly He is the relenting and howsoever merciful upon His servants.


Three things are necessary for the penitence:-

•        The human being should admit and look back with sorrow on his sin.

•        He should intend strongly that he will not do it again.

•        He should not do this sin in future.


It has been pressed many times in the Holy Qur’aan and the Sayings of the Messenger (Peace be upon Him) about penitence. We should renounce for forgiveness of each type of sins, (known or un-known, minor or major) from the God Almighty.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Need Of Revelation & Outcome of Its Deniers

Verse – 38 & 39 of 286, Section – 4 (Part  – 1)

38.  We said: Go down, all ofyou, from hence; but verily there

cometh unto you from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth My guidance, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.


39.  But they who disbelieve, and deny Our Revelation, such are rightful owners of the Fire. They

will abide therein for ever.

38.  Qulnah-bituu minhaa jamii-aa. Fa-‘imma  ya’-ti-yan-nakum-minnii Hudan- famantabi-‘a   Hudaa-ya falaa khaw-fun ‘alay-him wa laa hum yah-zanuun.

39.  Wallaziina kafaruu wa Kazzabuu bi-‘Aayaatinaaa ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar. Hum fiihaa  Khaaliduun.



Ih-bituu – Go down. This Command is not being delivered to the Adam (peace be upon Him) and His generation as a punishment. Error of the Adam (peace be upon Him)was forgiven. But command to go down on the earth remained as usual because He was appointed as Caliph on the earth. Aim to keep them in the earth was that the people who will obey the God Almighty, they will be sent in Paradise and who will disobey they will be kept out of the Paradise.


Khaw-fun – (Fear) means perception of in coming loss or pain in future. Here it signifies that the Believers and pious people will not be punished on the Doomsday.


Laa hum yah-zanuun – Neither shall they grieve. The believers and good people will not repent on their lives they passed in this world (their first lives).


The God Almighty commanded the Adam (peace be upon Him) ) and His children, “Go down, all of you, from here and don’t be sorrowful. My Sight of Kindness will remain over you in the earth”. But they were also told, “My Guidance will reach continuously through the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them), and whoso will follow My guidance, there shall be no fear for them to be thrown in the Hell, and neither they shall feel grievance to be got out from the Paradise. They will be entered again in the Paradise. But they who disbelieve, and deny Our Revelation, such people are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein for ever”.


As-haabun-Naar – rightful owners of the Fire. As though the people who falsify and deny the Divines Law of God Almighty, they have connected their relation with the Hell.


When the Adam (peace be upon Him) came in this world, Allah Almighty taught them the Law of residing here and to go back again in the Paradise. It signifies that God Almighty will send His Messages towards them as and when He will feel necessary, which will be the source of guidance. He will arrange the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Him) for guidance of the race of Adam. Human being can not find the straight path only with his sense and wisdom. It is important for him to refer towards God Almighty, Who is Creator of his nature. The people who will admit His guidance whole hearted, think about His sent significant and act upon His commands, they will get freedom from all kinds of sorrow and grief, and after their present lives they will enter into the Paradise, where they will obtain all types of comfort and rest for ever. However those people who will deny His guidance, who will disobey His commands, they will go astray for ever due to their un-expert conscientious objections. They will be thrown in the Hell after death, where they will become fuel of the Fire and will be arrested in different types of agony.


It is clear from this story that if the human being wishes to get spiritual peace and rest, then he can get it only on acting upon the guidance of Allah Almighty. Without it, it is impossible. We should pray from God Almighty for penitence of all the previous sins, request Him for forgiveness, and act upon the guidance (Holy Qur’aan and Sayings of the Messenger (peace be upon Him)


Let us join those people who act upon the guidance of Allah Almighty and become the successors of Paradise. Now there is only way that we have to admit the teachings of the last Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon Him) whole hearted, act upon it honestly with the faith that it is the last teachings, this Prophet is the last Prophet (peace be upon Him) and that after Him no Prophet will come in this world.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Favour Of God On The Children Of Israel

Verse – 40 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

O Children of Israel! RememberMy favour wherewith I favoured you, and fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me. Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-matiyallatiii  ‘an-‘amtu-‘alaykum wa ‘awfuu ‘bi-‘Ahdiii ‘uufi  bi-‘Ahdikum. Wa ‘iyyaa-ya farhabuun.



Now with effect from the fifth section of this Surah explanation regarding history of the children of Israel (Israelite), their high positions (ranks), their errors, sins and snatch of favours begins. This portion of Holy Qur’aan needs special attention to study. There are many opportunities of warning and advice for Muslims in the history of Israelite so that we may save ourselves from those errors, slips and mistakes due to which this splendid nation was ruined and became the target of calamity of God Almighty.


Baniii– (children) ‘Israaa- (servant) ‘iil (God) – (Children of Israel)

Israel was the surname of Prophet Jacob (Peace be upon Him) so His children and dynasty was given the title of “Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil”. They are also called Jews.

Race of Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil actually starts from the Prophet Abraham (Peace be upon Him). He had two sons:


(1)  Prophet Ishmael (Peace be upon Him) populated Hijaz (Makkah) and the last Messenger of God Muhammad (Peace and blessings upon Him) was born in His dynasty.

(2)  Second son was Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Him). His son’s name was Jacob (Peace be upon Him) who was named as Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil. His children were populated in Palestine (Jerusalem).


These people engaged themselves in the fights and quarrels. After some time Egyptians overcame them, kept them as slaves and tyrannized them. At last the Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him) was born and He made away this nation from the slavery of Egyptians towards Siena Valley.


After some time these people returned to their native land Kin’aan. The best era of this nation was the period of Prophets David and Suleiman (Peace be upon Them). After Them this dynasty became victim of calamities due to enmity with the Prophets (Peace be upon Them), opposing the religion and disunion between themselves.

This nation was attacked severely twice and even destructed that they were forced to leave their native country, ran away here and there. But with sorrow they didn’t abstain from their depravity and badness. Till now these evils are present in that nation.


Ni’-mati – (My favour) means those favours and blessings of Allah, which He had bestowed on Jews, for example, caused to get free from torment of the slavery, drowned their enemy pharaoh, made their way to cross the red sea, provided them “Mann-o- Salwaa” the delicious food without any hard work and labor, helped them unseen in hardships etc.

‘Ahdiii  – My (part of the) covenant.  Covenant is a promise between two parties. Here covenant means the promise which servants (Human beings) finalized with their Creator before coming in this world. As Allah Almighty bestowed wisdom to humans, granted power to consider about signs of His nature and then the human has taken responsibility of knowing his Creator, will believe on the Prophets sent by God Almighty and will follow the guidance of Allah. In return Allah Almighty promised that they will be bestowed Heaven.

Farhabuun – (fear from Me) means fear none but Allah Almighty and keep it in mind.


Allah Almighty promised with Adam after his birth and sending on earth that He will send his Prophets for his children according to the occasions and will convey His own guidance and instructions through Them to his servants. Prophets (peace be upon them) came according to this covenant. Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon Him) was sent as the last of all. The religion bestowed to Him is a universal religion. So from this section the series of the preaching of religion Islam begins.


Jews were aware of the religion of God Almighty, so they are being addressed particularly first of all. And they are being reminded that their elders have seen blessings of the religion of Allah and they know about it. Now believe on this last Prophet (Peace and blessings upon Him), so that you may be eligible for the same blessings again. If you will do this then it will be considered that you have fulfilled your covenant and in return Allah will fulfill His covenant. Your sins will be forgiven and you will be bestowed success in this world and on the day of Resurrection.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Invitation Of Holy Qur’aan

Verse – 41 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

And believe in that which I have revealed, confirming that which ye possess already (of the Scripture), and be not first to disbelieve therein, and part not with My Revelations for a trifling price, and keep your duty unto Me. Wa ‘aaminuu bimaaa ‘an-zaltu musaddiqal-limaa ma-‘a-kum wa laa takuunuuu ‘aw-wala kaafirim-bih. Wa laa tash-taruu bi-‘Aayaati samanan qaliilaa; wa ‘iyyaaya fattaquun.



Maaa ‘an-zaltu – (which I have revealed) it signifies towards Holy Qur’aan, which was revealed on the last Prophet (Peace be upon Him). This is the last Holy Book of God Almighty.


Maa ma-‘a-kum – which you have, it signifies towards the Holy Book Torah which was revealed on the Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him). Its truth and religious rules are approved by Holy Qur’aan.


Israelite are the people who are invited first of all to believe on Holy Qur’aan. These people were the most famous out of the Believers of Holy Books. They lived in the vicinity of Madina. This principle was also in accord with the rule that invitation of goodness should be started from the relatives and neighbours first. In the previous verse Allah Almighty reminded them His rewards and blessings upon them and commanded to fulfill the covenant which they have done with Him.


The covenant which is being asked to fulfill, to believe on this book “Holy Qur’aan” is included which is revealed on the Last Messenger Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him). So they should believe on It and act upon Its Instructions. This Book, “Holy Qur’aan” also authenticates the principles of their Holy Books.


After this it is being admonished that anyhow they shouldn’t be the first disbelievers of the Holy Qur’aan out of the people who know the Religion of God Almighty. As much knowledge regarding acquaintance of the last Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) and truth of Holy Qur’aan you have, that no other nation has so much. So it is expected from that you will not become example of infidelity and refusal for others. But as you are being invited first out of Holy Book Holders, you will become cause of temptation for others by believing it first, that they admit and believe on it seeing you. You shouldn’t be afraid that if you will believe on this last Holy Book and last Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), you will lose your worldly dignity, influence and impression. Moreover you will see that all badness will perish due to blessings of Islam. This world will become comfortable for you and in the next world on the day of Resurrection) you will be avoided from punishment.


Samanan qaliila– (a trifling price) it means that not to become desirous of wealth leaving the Right. The world is a contemptible and unvalued thing comparing to the Right and Truth whether it seems how great apparently because it is temporary and frail.

Wa ‘iyyaaya fattaquun – and have afraid of Me. It’tiqaa means save oneself from badness (evils). Here it is pointed towards only the fear of the agony of God should be cause of avoiding badness. Although, the person who has fear of Allah in his heart, he can save himself from the act of badness.


As Holy Qur’aan has behaved soft with Jews and as fairly invited them towards Islam that it is also a proof about Holy Qur’aan that it is the Speech of God. Manner of declaring the events and method of addressing shows respect of Jews. Nothing is narrated like that may provoke them. It is the miracle of Holy Qur’aan that created proper environment for declaration of truth. If we the Muslims copy at least some of it then all the fears of world will get finished.


The behaviour which Jews adopted with Islam, its base seems nothing without stubborn and misunderstanding. Aim from selling the verses of God is that Jewish Scholars changed Commands of God for casual benefits of this world, issued self made religious decrees for some money, and hid orders of God and did them inter-mixed for hiding their own badness. When scholars of any nation indulge in these types of defects, then it is difficult for the nation to save her from destruction.


In this lesson Allah Almighty preaches much about the good conduct. Life in this world and its benefits are for a few days. Due to this reason He advised the Jews not to take decisions by changing His orders for the sake of contemptible gifts. Because the reward of telling correctly about My orders is better for both the worlds (this life and on the day of Resurrection) than these casual advantages and some compensations.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

To Conceal The Truth Is Not Allowed

Verse – 42 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

And confound not truth with falsehood, and do not conceal the truth knowingly. Wa laa talbisul-Haqqa bil-baatili  wa taktumul-Haqqa  wa ‘antum  ta’-lamuun.



Laa talbisu – do not confound. This word has made from labasa. It means to mix up a thing with the others so that it may become difficult to distinguish between them, to expose the false as true or to coat the lie as such that it appears like really true.


Taktumu – do not conceal. This word has come out from the word katama. A meaning of katama is to conceal. To change the Commands of the God Almighty these may be of two types:

•        Changing the meanings or the words itself.

•        Conceal.


The Jews people used both methods to change the foretelling about the teachings of Heavenly Books and the last Messenger Muhammad (Peace and blessings upon Him). Due to waste of Torah some commands of God Almighty had been disappeared or lost, then which commands were remained, those were changed by these people for the sake of their advisability.


At the time of arising of Islam the Israelite scholars have ruined the remaining shape of their religion. They used to change the orders of those Celestial Books according to their wishes which had been lost. They had produced self written books on the names of Heavenly Books. Oftenly after writing paraphrase and explanation these were mixed with the original text and did not mark the difference between the two. The scholar, priest or monk, who had the Heavenly Instructions, he used to reduce or increase it for the sake of any worldly temptation or earnings greed.


All the signs and tokens were present in their Holy Books regarding the birth and prophet-hood of the last Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him). But when He was born, they began to hide these all signs due to burning in the fire of jealousy and used to narrate from some of them topsy-turvy. So God Almighty commanded, “And confound not truth with falsehood, and do not conceal the truth knowingly. Due to your depravity other people also go astray.”


Cause of discussion about the important events of the history of Israelite is that the Jews be informed about their evils on one side and on the other hand to admonish the Muslims properly that there is no space in the religion for these kinds of talks. So we should think about these events which our Lord, the God Almighty has told us in the Holy Qur’aan, and the elevation and fall of the children of Israel. We should not produce the badness and evils in ourselves like this.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Sense Of Worship

Verse – 43 & 44 of 286, Section – 5 (Part  – 1)

43.  And establish worship and pay the poor-due, and bow your heads with those who bow (in worship).44.  Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget (to practice it)? And ye are readers

of the Scripture! Have ye then no sense?

43.  Wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz-Zakaata  warka-‘uu  ma-‘ar-raaki-‘iin.

44.  ‘Ata’-muruunan-naasa bil-birri wa tansawna ‘anfusakum  wa ‘antum  tatluunal-Kitaab. ‘Afalaa  ta’-qiluun.



Az-Zakaata – A particular alms given away by the Muslims at the rate of 2.5 p.c. on net property especially in the month of Ziqa’d. And the other meaning of it is chastity, purity, cleanliness. Really after paying Zakaat (Poor-due) the property becomes pure. Prayer and Zakaat are the two duties which remained part of worship in each religion; however difference remained between their forms and propositions.


Arka-‘uu – (bow), it is also used usually as for the whole prayer because it is a part of the prayer. Some times the word Asjuduu (prostrate) has come along with it.

God Almighty commanded the Jews to correct their faith and belief first before inviting them for Islam, and that they would have to produce the real teachings of God in front of the people in its original shape, and not to mix up anything with it themselves.

Now they are being taught for acts. As it is desired that they should become habituate of offering prayers, offer the prayers with punctuality. The prayer is the most superior worship out of the bodily worships and the best method of recognition and to get pleasure of the God Almighty.


After the prayer they are being instructed to give Zakaat (pay the poor-due) as according to the rules they should pay a particular part of their wealth (2.5%) each year to the poor, meek, deserving and needy people for the sake of God Almighty. They should spend the wealth given by the God on useful works of welfare of the nation. The Jews were very rich because maximum people were merchants and artificers so it was dangerous for them that boundless love for wealth may grow in their hearts. Its remedy is attainable with offering prayers and giving Alms and poor-dues to the poor and needy persons with sympathy and knowledge about their necessities. So they were commanded to offer their prayers in the Mosques with those who offer prayers and bow when they bow, and pay the poor-due to the deserving persons.


Al-birri – meanings of this word are goodness, favour, polite, worship with full sincerity, good manners and kindness. Opposite of this word are evils and sins.


Al-Kitaab – here al-Kitaab means “Torah” in which all instructions regarding good deeds, worships and religious matters have been narrated for the Jews.


Whenever the days for destruction of any nation come then between them greedy for wealth and comfort scholars and leaders grow, who apparently preach every time to correct the habits, sympathize with other people with truth and faith at the time of negotiation, not to tell a lie, not to deceive any person, offer prayers, keep fasts, serve the people. But the preachers do not act upon their preaching themselves. Without comfort and pleasure of this world they have no concern with any thing. They wish only the effect of their preaching over others so that they may get maximum gifts, tributes and offering at the name of alms so that they may get maximum chances to be addicted to pleasure.

In this verse the scholars are being ashamed, “what do you do this? You guide the people to be good and pious with your tongues each time, whereas personally you are much away from the Truth. Do you wish only that people admit you their leader and spiritual guide and serve you always? Alas! You read the Torah and still you are convinced of showiness and indolent from correction of yourself. It is the first demand of the wisdom that a person should show himself as example for others in truthfulness. Against the facts you are criminal of deceiving the people. If you are sincere in advising the people, at first you should act too yourselves on your sayings.”


It could not be much useful to admonish and frighten the Jews, however there is an hidden advice for the scholars who believe that the Holy Qur’aan is a true Book, “Arrange to correct themselves who want to correct the others because becoming a hypocrite, treacherous, in-sincere and cheat is forerunner of destruction and ruin of the nation.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Seek Help In Patience, Prayer and Concept of Doomsday

Verse – 45 & 46 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

45.  And seek help in patience and prayer. And truly it is hard save for the humble-minded—

46.  Who know that they will have

to meet their Lord, and that unto

Him they are returning.

45.  Wasta-‘iinuu bis-Sabri was-Salaah. Wa ‘innahaa lakabii-ratun ‘illaa ‘alal- Khaashi-iin.

46.  ‘Allaziina yazun-nuuna ‘annahum-mulaaquu Rabbihim wa ‘annahum ‘ilayhi  raaji-‘uun.



Ista-‘iinuu – seek help. When anyone feels a difficult task, he needs help of any other person/thing.

As-Sabru – power of endurance. Need of patience remains each time. Whenever any good work is being done, doing it whole heartedly is patience and whenever someone has to face any calamity, bearing it without confusion is also patience. During working hard patience is also necessary. To keep the wishes pressed also needs patience. In short the patience is required every time and if we see; it is the origin of each good virtue.


God Almighty bestowed the human being two things, soul and body, and the both are the great blessings. Duty of the soul is to get knowledge, to devise and to take the work from body. And it is the duty of body to move in accord with the intention of soul. The prayer is source of gratitude for these spiritual and bodily blessings. It is the thanks of knowledge to recognize the God Almighty. It is the gratitude for blessings of standing that someone pray the God Almighty in straight standing position, then bow and pray in this position and then prostrate and pray in this position; that due to His blessings hands from elbows, legs from knees, hands and feet from wrists and ankles can bend. This is the great blessings otherwise if any joint becomes stiff then it would have a severe thrashing. Then someone should sit down and think that how is it a great blessing? Remember the blessing of turning the neck at the time of compliment.  At last someone should thank God with tongue also adopting each position of the body with intention. It is called Prayer.


Al- Khaashi-iin – (humble-minded); the persons who suppose themselves weak and feeble without help of God they are called al- Khaashi-iin. It is the great worship of the heart to assert his humility during in standing position, in bowing position, in prostrating position and in sitting position in front of the God Almighty because in the prostrating position all the limbs bend which is sign of able to work and health of the body. So the prostration is the best form for declaration of gratitude and conception of helplessness. We should think that if the body parts do not turn then the human being is helpless and cripple. From it those persons should learn who deem the prayer useless.


Yazun-nuuna – they know, they presume. This verse signifies towards getting the virtue which has particular degree in Faith. If any body does not have humility in his heart then he should think that he would have to face his Lord in his each deed, motion and comfort. Without His help he can do nothing. His Lord is with him every time. He knows his each condition, listens to his voice and observes his each act. As his thought will become matured gradually, his faith will increase. At last prayer and worship will become easy for him and the virtue of patience will begin to reveal.


There is no way without becoming good natured and for guidance of the others. The other thing with which prayer and worship becomes easy that is Belief on the day of Resurrection. On that day each person will be rewarded or awarded (the future reward of virtues or torture, agony, anguish) according to his deeds which he has done during his first life (in this world). On becoming the thought matured there will be produced two good manners from which faith will become matured:


•        Fear of the calamity of God Almighty.

•        Hope of His Mercy.


Result of the maturity of Belief will be humility and due to humility offering prayer will become easy, and it will result the patience which is root of all the good manners.


This small part of the Holy Qur’aan squeezes foundation of speeches. How beautifully children of Israel are being invited towards religion Islam and along with it Believers of Islam are being taught about the principles of Islam. Islam has proved through these types of commands that its principles are natural. Opposing them is actually opposing the humanity. Islam has come to purify its ancient shape which is common in Jewish, Christianity and other religions of the world from all kinds of evil. Israelite are plaintiff of religious and scholars so it is their duty to recognize and understand Islam because it is the last shape of which was present in Torah, The New Testament (The Bible) and all worldly Heavenly Books.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Preference to The Children Of Israel

Verse – 47 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

O Children of Israel! RememberMy favour wherewith I favoured

you and how I preferred you to

(all) creatures.

Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-mati-yal-latiii ‘an-‘amtu ‘alaykum wa ‘annii faz-zaltukum  ‘alal-‘aalamiin.



Faz-zaltukum – (preferred you), this word has come out from the word Fazal which means preference. Aim of giving preference over the entire world is that the Israelite remained the most excellent over all the communities and there was none peer of them. However, when they left the Truth misled the Divine’s Law and opposed the last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him), then that preference went away and they earned anger of the God Almighty. Destruction became their fate, and the Muslim nation was given the title of “Well Nation”.


‘Alal-‘Aalamiin – (over all creatures) here ‘Aalamiin means all the nations of the world.

There was a time when the children of Israel were preferred to all the people of this world. When the other nations were going astray in the darkness and depravity, were involved in infidelity and worshipping of Idols, were lustful in corruption and heresy, then there was only the nation Israelite who had concept of Oneness of God and they had the Heavenly Guide Book. What would be the preference more than this?


Slowly and gradually these people went astray from the straight path due to their weaknesses and corruptions, and left behind the Heavenly Guidance. So the God Almighty preaches them on the point, “Admit your real religion in its corrected form and come on the straight path.”


It was difficult to get faith and Fear of God (piety) with the source of patience and worship. So easy and simple manner of it has been explained and that is gratitude. God Almighty reminds the children of Israel His favours, gifts and honours which He had bestowed upon them from time to time and discloses also their evil doings. It is the nature of human being that he begins to love with his benefactor and generous. So the God Almighty warns them about His favours, and preaches them for the straight path.


It is the sign of warning for the people of the entire world that children of Israel fell down in the well of calamity of God after getting so much higher rank of preference. We should get advice from this condition of them and try to keep away from those acts which became reason of their depravity, ruin and destruction.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

What Will Be Used On The Day Of Resurrection?

Verse – 48 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And guard yourselves against aDay when no soul will in aught

avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be received from it, nor will they be helped.

WattaquuYawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa yu’-khazu minhaa ‘ad-lunw-wa laa  hum yun-saruun.



Yawmun – (Day) means the Day of Resurrection. It is necessary that Faith on the Day of Resurrection or Rewards and punishment on one’s acts should be present in the religion for leaving the worldly amusements and acting good deeds so that the people leave their evils and bad acts due to the concept of that Day and become of the good disposition for the hope of rewards. With the passage of time Belief on the Day of Resurrection had ended from the hearts of Israelite so they are being admonished for the Day of Judgment.


‘Ad-lun – (revenge, reward, exchange, equality, accuracy, rivalry, contest or balance) if remuneration or compensation is given for any thing, that is considered equal to the capital. So the word ‘ad-lun is used as the exchange. It also means justice or equity because on doing justice between the two persons it becomes equity.


It was the concept the Jews, “Our forefathers were Prophets (peace be upon them). On their recommendations our all sins will be forgiven. So we shall not be put in agony.” The God Almighty commands that their faith was wrong. The criminal would have to be punished for his sins.


Usually there are four forms to set free the criminal:

•        Any other person admits that the crime was done by him (instead of the criminal).

•        Set the criminal free on anyone’s recommendations.

•        Let him off by paying some compensation (cash).

•        Get him free violently.


There is no any form out of the above which may be used by the sinners on the Day of Judgment.


In the Hereafter each person will think about himself only. No body will recommend any other without permission of the God Almighty. He will not accept any cash, compensation, wealth or property because He has no need of wealth and property. There is no any power in the heavens and earth that may compel the God Almighty and set free the sinners from God, the Most High.


He rendered null and void this faith of the Jews explaining the speech of the verse under discussion and preached them to come back towards the straight path having fear of the Day of Resurrection.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Tremendous Trial of Israelite

Verse – 49 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh’s folk, who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaying your sons and sparing your women. And that was a tremendous trial from your Lord. Wa ‘iz najjay-naakum-min –Aali- Fir-‘awna yasuumuuna- kum suuu-‘al-‘azaabi yuzab-bihuuna ‘abnaaa-‘akum wa yas-tahyuuna nisaaa-‘akum.  Wa fii zaalikum balaaa-‘um-mir-Rabbikum ‘aziim.



Aali- Fir-‘awna – (Folk, people, near relatives, religion fellows, servants and children of Pharaoh) Pharaoh was the title of the King of Egypt. Usually the people imagine a king of the Egypt who was named as Pharaoh. In fact it was not the name of a person. Moreover it was the surname of all the kings of Egypt as the title of the king of China was ‘Khaqaan’ (Emperor, Sovereign) and the King of Rome was surnamed as ‘Caesar’.


The Prophet Joseph (Peace be upon Him) brought and populated the Israelite in the Egypt. They lived in the Egypt hundreds of the years and their population reached in hundred thousands. The King of Egypt made them his slaves and treated them extremely disgracefully and contemptibly.


Once, the King dreamed at night. He gathered the soothsayers and asked them to interpret his dream in the morning, “I have seen a fire coming from the Temple of Jerusalem. It has besieged the Egypt and begun to burn the ‘Qabtees’ (Egyptians) choosing one by one”. Listening to it the soothsayers told the King that a child would bear in the Israelite that would become the cause of your death and fall of the Emperor.


The Pharaoh collected all the nurses and midwives of the country and ordered them, “Whenever any ‘son’ comes into the world by birth in the Israelite, kill him at once. However the girls be left alive.” Due to the orders of the King thousands of the sons of Israelite were killed. After all, the leaders of the Egypt thought, “If all the Israelite are killed in this manner, who will serve us?”

Listening to it, the Pharaoh commanded, “Carry on killing process for one year and stop it for the next year continuously”. The year in which killing process was postponed, in that year Prophet Aaron (peace be upon Him) was born and in the year killing process was in force, during that period Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him) came in this world but the God, the Most High saved his life with His sound policy and he could not be killed.


The above mentioned verse points out towards this event. The nation of Pharaoh had put the children of Israel in to much difficult calamity and labour. Finally the God Almighty set them free from these troubles through His Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him).



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Drowning The Folk Of Pharaoh

Verse – 50 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you, and drowned the folk of Pharaoh in your sight. Wa ‘iz faraqnaa bikumul-bahra fa-‘anjay-naakum wa ‘agraq-naaa ‘Aala- Fir-‘awna wa ‘antum tanzuruun.



Al-bahra – (Sea) here aim for al-bahra is the Red Sea (Arabian Gulf). It is also called as deep sea. Through this sea the Egypt meets with Syria and Siena. The Israelite entered in Peninsula Siena after crossing this Sea and got freedom from Pharaoh and folks of Egypt.


Faraqnaa bikumul-bahra – (We brought you through the Sea). It is pointed towards the event in this sentence that when the children of Israel started crossing the Red Sea, the God Almighty made for them the way to cross the sea. It was Miracle of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) that when He beat His stick on the water of sea, the earth in the sea became dry and now there was a path for Israelite to cross the sea. As per historians this event was occurred nearly1447 B.C.

Wa ‘antum tanzuruun – (And you were looking). The children of Israel are being told that they had seen with their own sight about the infamy and disgraced death of their greatest cruel and despotic king.


The Israelite bore cruelties of their tyrant kings of Egypt for many years. After all they devised that they should leave the Egypt and go to their ancestor’s native country Syria and Palestine under the supervision of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). Because the government of Egypt was not agreeing to permit them leave the Egypt, so they started their journey at night. They had fear about following the Egyptian government, grief on leaving their homes and utter darkness of night. Due to fear and confusion they forgot the straight path.


On the other side the Pharaoh had known that the children of Israel had run away. He followed with his Army and reached near to them. Now the Israelite were entirely helpless. In front of them there was sea in the east and behind them a great Egyptian Army. The Israelite became much confused as they had been surrounded. At that time Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) beat His stick in the sea according to the command of God Almighty. The sea was cracked and the dry land came out. Caravan of the Israelite crossed the sea. Mean while the Army of Pharaoh reached there. They saw dried path and dropped down. But they were even in the middle of the way that the water became in a level and met mutually itself. The Pharaoh drowned along with his Army. The children of Israel looked the show of drowning their enemy helplessly with their sights. Above mentioned verse signifies towards this tale.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Worship Of A Calf

Verse – 51 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And when We did appoint forMoses forty nights (of solitude),

and then ye chose the calf, when

he had gone from you, and ye

were wrongdoers.

Wa ‘iz waa-‘adnaa Muusaaa ‘arba-iina lay-latan-  summat-takhaztu-mul-‘ijla mim- ba’-dihii wa ‘antum zaalimuun.



Muusaaa – (Moses) was a great, glorious and favourite Prophet (peace be upon Him) of God Almighty. Mostly Commentators of the religion imagine that the word ‘Moses’ is derived from Hebrew language. Some scholars say that it is an Egyptian word which means child or son. Father’s name of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) was Imran. His sister’s name was Mary and Brother Aaron. They both were elder to Him. The Time of Moses (peace be upon Him) is stated as 1500 B.C. or 1300 B.C. He made the children of Israel free from the slavery of Pharaoh and his folk.


In this verse the God, the Most High narrated the events of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation which were happened after the crossing of Red Sea. When Moses (peace be upon Him) reached near the Mountain Sinai (famous for the conversing of Moses and God Almighty) after crossing the sea, God Almighty commanded Him to worship for forty nights on the Mountain Sinai (Koh-i-Tuur). Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went for worship on the Mountain Sinai obeying this order and detailed His brother Aaron to look after the nation in His absence.


After the departure of Moses (peace be upon Him) obstinacy and liberty grew in the nation (children of Israel). In the presence of even Aaron (peace be upon Him) they did not incline towards the God-worshipping. It is known as they did not forget even then the Idol-worshipping of the Egyptians. They were simpleton. Out of them a conjurer named ‘Saamri’ (who was a story teller) took advantage of their weakness (simpleton-ness) and made a calf of the gold. Whenever it blew, a meaningless sound came out of the mouth of calf. That sound was wonderful for them, although the children may get different sounds from the customary toys of animals. All the children of Israel started worshipping the calf except a few persons out of them.


The Prophet Aaron (peace be upon Him) made them much to understand but they did not turn to God-worshipping. As though they could not remain on the straight path in the forty days’ absence of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). And leaving the God Almighty started worshipping the calf which was lifeless and false. It was their much bigger weakness and till today some nations are involved in this mistake.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Announcement of Pardon

Verse – 52 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye might give thanks. Summa ‘afawnaa ‘ankum-mim- ba’-di zaalika  la-‘allakum  tash-kuruun.



Tash-kuruun – (ye might give thanks). This word is derived from the word Shukar. Shukar means thanks, gratitude and a just appreciate. Aim of the Shukar in Islam is a just appreciation for the favours of God Almighty by the human being. The person should use His favours and grants in a right and sound manner. He should not do unvalued or be thankless.


In the previous verse it was stated that the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went on the Mountain Sinai (Koh-i-Toor) for obeying the Order of the God Almighty so that He may do worship of God there and bring Guide Book from the God for His nation. After residing there thirty days He was given command to live more ten days and delayed in coming back soon.


In the absence of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) a conjurer named ‘Saamri’ (who was a wicked story teller) made a calf of gold, a meaningless sound used to come out of its mouth. He told the children of Israel, “this calf is the worshipped of you and the Moses (peace be upon Him) so you should worship it”. Besides a few persons all the nation bowed in front of the calf and began to worship it with extremely lowness.


When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) returned from the Mount of Sinai, He saw that all the children of Israel have been misled. He filled with fury and threw those tablets which He brought with Him and on which the Orders from the God Almighty were written, and asked His brother Aaron furiously. Aaron (peace be upon Him) stated the entire story and told His helplessness.


Finally the God Almighty ordered, “Throw the calf into the sea and kill each other because it is the only way to accept your repentance,” so two thousand persons were killed in a day. At last the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) begged from the God, the Most High and they received the command of forgiveness.


It is the mercy and grace of the God Almighty that the mankind commits mistakes but the God Almighty overlooks from them. Whenever the human being admits his negligence and promises to abstain from evils in future, the God Almighty forgives. If any person does not admit His kindness upon even it then it will be infinite thankless and unvalued, and this crime is not forgivable.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Scripture And The Criterion

Verse – 53 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the Criterion (of rightand wrong) that ye might be led aright. Wa ‘iz ‘aataynaa Muusal- Kitaaba  wal-Furqaana  la-‘al-lakum  tahtaduun.



Al-Furqaan – the Orders, Commands or Mandates which separate, disunite or disjoin. This word is derived from the word faraqa to divide or distinguish; the Holy Books (as distinguished or separating truth from falsehood). The Commentators of the Religion have different sayings about Furqaan:


•        Those Miracles which were bestowed to the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) from the God, the Most High.


•        The victory and overcoming which was resulted against the Army of Pharaoh to the children of Israel.


•        The Jews intend also from this word, the verbal preaching which was revealed upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) besides Torah.


•        Al-Furqaan is the name of Holy Qur’aan also and other Heavenly Books are called Furqaan too because these Orders differentiate between the Right and Wrong.


In this verse al-Furqaan intends towards the Orders and Commands due to which true and false, right and wrong, and goodness and evil may be separated from each other and there may not remain any accommodation for doubt and suspicion.


When the repentance of the children of Israel was approved, the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went again to the Mount Sinai (Koh –i – Toor) and brought a lot of Orders from the God Almighty which were written on the tablets. Collection of those Orders is called Torah.


God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His Favors in this verse. He commands them, “You disobeyed My Orders. You started worshipping the Calf but I forgave you with My kindness. Then I bestowed My Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) a Book which had complete Divine’s Law and a Guide (Torah) so that you may pass your lives according to its instructions. With the help of that book you might distinguish between just and absurd, lawful and unlawful, good and bad.”


It is known from this verse that the Holy Book revealed from the God Almighty and the balance between just and absurd is a great blessing for the human being. The guidance may only be gotten from it and only those persons are successful who act upon the Holy Book of God Almighty, and take guidance for balance between true and false. It is necessary for us that we should correct our words and deeds in the light of Holy Qur’aan and Sayings of the last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him), grow virtue of distinguishing between true and false and don’t recognize equal good and bad. We should keep every time distinction between lawful and unlawful in front of us.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Punishment Due to Ascribing Plurality to God

Verse – 54 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Ye have wronged yourselves by your choosing of the calf (for worship), so turn in penitence to your Creator, and kill (the guilty) yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator and He will relent toward you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful. Wa ‘iz qaala Muusaa li-Qawmihii  yaa-qawmi  ‘innakum zalamtum  ‘anfusakum  bit-tikhaazikumul-‘ijla  fatuubuuu  ‘ilaa  Baari-‘ikum faqtuluuu  ‘anfusakum.  Zaalikum khay-rul-lakum ‘inda  Baari-‘ikum  Fataaba ‘alaykum ‘Innahuuu Huwat-Tawwaa-bur-Rahiim.



Li-Qawmihii – (unto his people, to His nation), in this verse aim from li-Qawmihii is those particular persons who prostrated the calf supposing their worshipped.


Zalamtum – (you have wronged, you have lost) it means that they involved again in plurality leaving the Oneness of God Almighty. How might be more than it loss of a person over him?


Faqtuluuu  ‘anfusakum – So kill (the guilty) yourselves. It signifies towards the people who did not prostrate the calf they should kill them who prostrated it. The scholars have commented that there were three groups in the children of Israel:

•        Those persons who did not prostrate the calf and forbade the others not to prostrate it. They were pious persons.

•        Those people who prostrated.

•        It was a group who did not prostrate themselves but they did not forbid others from prostrating.


So the pious people were commanded to kill them who prostrated. In fact the after wards two groups deserved the punishment.


Khay-rul-lakum – it is best for you. It aims that when you will kill one an other, you will become sacred from the filth of sin and will get absolution and freedom.


In this verse God Almighty tells the children of Israel, “You could not remain on the straight path in the absence of the Prophet (peace be upon Him), involved in plurality and idol worshipping. You have lost much due to this deed of yours. Now it is its punishment that you kill each other yourselves. When the children of Israel admitted the order of God Almighty, then they were relented and the God, the Most high accepted their penitence. Success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection for the human being is in obeying the Orders of God Almighty wishing either he knows or doesn’t know its philosophy and advisability. And if with error, forgetfulness or un-intentionally he has mistaken, then he should be ready every time for acceptance and correctness.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Another Arrogance Of Israelite

Verse – 55 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And when ye said: O Moses! We will not believe in thee till we see Allah manifestly; and even while ye gazed the lightning seized you. Wa ‘iz  qultum  yaa-Muusaa lan-nu’-mina laka hattaa naral-laaha jahratan- fa-‘akhazat-kumus-saa-‘iqatu wa ‘antum tanzuruun.



Naraa – (we will see). The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) brought chosen seventy persons from the children of Israel on the Mountain Sinai for listening to the Speech of God Almighty. When they listened to the Speech they said, “O Moses! We do not believe on listening from the veil. Show us with eyes.


‘Akhazat-kumus-saa-‘iqatu – (the lightning seized you). The children of Israel were falsifying the speech of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and claiming that they would see the God openly otherwise they would not believe on Him. So they were punished as the lightning fell suddenly upon them from which their eyes were dazzled and their eyesight made unable to see anything.


It has been discussed earlier that when the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went on the Mountain Sinai for getting Guide Book (Torah) for the children of Israel, then they started worship of the calf in His absence and involved in plurality of God. When He returned, it was announced by the God Almighty to kill them as punishment of plurality. Even now they started killing each other. At that time the God, the Most High relented and their penitence was accepted.


Then seventy old-men from the children of Israel claimed that they would go on the Mount of Sinai with the Prophet Moses to listen the Speech of the God Almighty. Prophet Moses brought them with Him. He instructed them to stay in the foot of Mountain and went on the Mountain Himself. The God Almighty spoke with the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and after returning He told them. Then they said, “We wish to see the God Almighty with our eyes”.


Due to their opposing and refusal openly they were punished and the lightning fell down upon them, and they expired. After looking how big miracles and getting favors of the God Almighty the children of Israel could not leave their old bad habits. They wished to see the God Almighty with these material eyes which is impossible. So they were punished like this.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Revive After Death

Verse – 56 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks. Summa ba-‘asnaakum-mim-ba’-di mawtikum  la-‘allakum tash-kuruun.



God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His favors one by one so that they would leave the evil doings conceiving these favors and come back on the straight path.


In this verse previous incident is being explained constantly. While a group of the children of Israel said to the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him), “We will see Allah manifestly”, the lightning seized them due to this arrogance and they all became extinct. When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) saw them dead, He requested the God Almighty, “O my Lord! I brought these people to witness in front of the children of Israel. Now they have died. What shall I reply the nation and produce them the argument? Then Allah Almighty revived them again.


God Almighty has done them attentive towards the fact in this verse and Commanded to Remember His favor, “Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks”. There is only way to thank God Almighty, “Obey His orders leaving the path of infidelity and depravity.”


It appears from this incident that arrogance to the grace of God Almighty and unreasonable claim from Him is biggest sin and its punishment is very painful. Those people wished to see the God Almighty with their materialistic eyes still it was impossible for the human being till the time living in this world and they were punished on this arrogance.


So we should also admit and believe each command and order of the God Almighty and His last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) without any doubt and dispute. We should not try to grow any fault finding, criticism and argument in it without fail, because it becomes habit of the human being to find faults in each matter. The persons who become habitual of finding faults they shirk work always. They become wealthy of talking only.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Manna And Quails

Verse – 57 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And We caused the cloud toovershadow you and sent down onyou the manna and the quails, (saying); Eat of the good things which We have provided you. They wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves. Wa zallalnaa ‘alaykumul-gamaama wa ‘anzalnaa ‘alay-kumul-Manna was-Salwaa. Kuluu min- tayyi-baati maa razaqnaa-kum. Wa maa zala-muunaa wa laakin- kaanuuu ‘anfusahum yazlimuun.



Manna – It was a sweet moist thing for eating which was available on searching by the children of Israel. It was a great favor of the God Almighty for their lives during wandering in the desert of Peninsula of Sinai. Different forms of Manna have been explained. Some people have told that it was like a particular kind of gum. Some others have stated it ‘Honey’. Now a day a delicious pudding named ‘Manna’ is being prepared in the Egypt. This pudding is favourite food of the Jews.


Salwaa – It is a bird like a small partridge (quail). It is found in peninsula Sinai. It does not fly on to much height and tires soon. It becomes victim easily. The sea air used to bring them flying towards the camp of the children of Israel. They used to go hunting these birds and made them their delicious food.


As per Commentators of Religion (compliments for them) after leaving the Egypt the children of Israel used to wandering confused in the barren desert of peninsula of Sinai for forty years. Due to non availability of shade, shadow or shelter they were confused from the sunlight and requested the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to seek means for saving them from this suffering (sunlight). He (peace be upon Him) prayed from the God Almighty which was approved and a cloud used to remain over their heads during the entire day to overshadow them. The God, the Most High commanded them, “and We caused the cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying); Eat of the good things which We have provided you”. They were also instructed not to store these heavenly favors, take only according to the needs, however may be stored ration for two days only on Friday.


They disobeyed the order of God Almighty and began to store the food. Resultantly provision of these favors was stopped. So God Almighty reveals, “They wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves”.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Town Life for The Israelite

Verse – 58 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

And when We said: Go into this township and eat freely of that whichis therein, and enter the gate prostrate, and say: “Repentance”. We will forgive you your sins and will increase (reward) for the right doers. Wa ‘iz qulnad-khuluu haazihil-qaryata fakuluu minhaa haysu shi’-tum ragadanw-wad-khulul-baaba sujjadanw-wa quuluu hittatun, nagfir-lakum khataa-yaakum. Wa sanaziidul-Muh-siniin.



Al-Qaryata – (Township) the Historians have told that this colony was a famous city of Palestine named ‘Areehaa’. It was conquered by the children of Israel during the time of Prophet Yusha (peace be upon Him) after expiry of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).


Hittatun – (Repentance) it is abbreviation of a sentence that means, “O our Lord! Forgive our mistakes”. The children of Israel were instructed to say with their tongues the word, “Repentance”, while entering the city.


Muh-siniin – (Right doers) this word is made from ‘ahsaan’ which means to favour, kindness and well doing.


The God Almighty showed all the land of “Kin’aan” carrying the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) up to the river bank of Jordon and told, “I give this country to the children of Israel and you will conquer this city Areehaa in near future. While you enter in it you will get favors of the God Almighty and different types of fruit. So at the time of entering in the gate prostrate, and say: “Repentance” and not to be proud and haughty. We will forgive you your sins and will increase (reward) for the right doers.


The children of Israel did not obey the God Almighty whole heartedly but started disobeying so they were entitled for agony of God. Complete detail will be discussed in the coming onward verses.


The time becomes very difficult for the nations when they get favors of God Almighty and do not thank Him. Instead of thanking God they choose the path of violence. They see the agony and do not get it as warning but become more intoxicated. They get guidance and do not adopt the straight path but start violating.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Punishment On Changing the Speech of God

Verse – 59 of 286, Section – 6 (Part  – 1)

But those who did wrong changed the word which had been told them for another saying, so We sent down upon the evildoers wrath from heaven for their evildoing. Fabadda-lallaziina zala-muu qaw-lan gay-rallazii qiila lahum fa-‘anzalnaa ‘alallaziina  zalamuu rijzam-minas-samaaa-‘i  bimaa kaanuu yaf-suquun.




Badda-la – (changed) the words which had been told them for saying, they changed them and adopted those words in which the meanings of buffoonery test and laughter were hidden in place of forgiveness.


Rijzun – (wrath) Wrath of the God Almighty comes in different forms over the persons who become evildoer, disloyal, mutineer or rebel. This word is also used for each type of torture. The commentators of the religion have told that the word ‘wrath’ pointed in this verse, was in the form of Plague on the children of Israel.


Bimaa kaanuu yaf-suquun – (because they were evildoers, they used to disobey).  This word is made from the word fisq that means disobeying, corruption, adulteration or fornication. So the person who is evildoer or who disobeys the Order of God Almighty is called Faasiq (adulterer, fornicator and corrupt). This sentence signifies that the children of Israel had not abstained physically due to which the Plague spread over them. But they used to disobey the orders of God Almighty continuously; resultantly they were punished with the disease plague.


While the children of Israel conquered the city of Areehaa during the period of Prophet Yusha’ (peace be upon Him) these people became evildoers instead of thanking God Almighty and changing His orders began to do laughter, fun, joke and buffoonery. So instead of using the word ‘hittatun‘(Begging mercy or Grace) they entered the city saying ‘hintatun fii sha’ratin’ (grain in the spike of corn) and instead of prostrating entered the gate of city dragging themselves.


They were punished with the Plague disease due to this disobedience and God Almighty says, “We sent down upon the evildoers wrath from heaven for their evildoing”. It was the result that nearly seventy thousand children of Israel became victim of the Plague.


God Almighty is reminding the children of Israel His favors over them so that they bear in their minds and come towards the straight path thanking Him.


We learnt from this verse that due to His favors we should thank God, the Most High. The nations are ruined due to haughtiness and proud.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Twelve Springs

Verse – 60 of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

And when Moses asked for water forhis people, We said: Smite with thystaff the rock. So there gushed out therefrom twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place. Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth. Wa ‘izis-tasqaa Muusaa li-qawmihii faqulnazrib- bi- ‘Asaakal-hajar. Fan-fajarat min-husnataa ‘ashrata ‘aynaa  Qad ’alima kullu ‘unaasim-mashrabahum. Kuluu wash-rabuu mir-rizqillaahi wa laa ta’-saw fil-‘arzi mufsidiin.




‘Asaa – (staff, stick, club) It has been mentioned in many verses of Holy Qur’aan about the stick of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). This stick was bestowed to Him as a miracle. To cross the sea, the path made by this stick, twelve springs began to flow smiting the rock of stone with this stick, it swallowed the snakes and scorpions of the magicians of Pharaoh after becoming a dragon.


Isnataa ‘ashrata ‘aynaa – (twelve springs) after wandering confused in the desert and barren wilderness of the peninsula of Sinai the children of Israel reached the place where water was not available. When after searching they did not find water they enraged upon the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). The Prophet (peace be upon Him) begged from the God Almighty. He was commanded to smite the rock with His staff. So there gushed out therefrom twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place.


It was only the favor of the God Almighty that they were provided the water here as in a dry desert and were ordered, “Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth”.


It is found from this narration that whenever we do not see any support or cause for eating and drinking, the God, the Most High arranges and provides eatables and drinkables with His Mercy and Power. It is the duty of human being that he should beg from Him only and he should not be hopeless from His Mercy. The God Almighty is “the Merciful and Kind”. If the person disobeys, he gets loss for himself only and which the wrath descends that is due to his own evildoings.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Weariness Of The Israelite

Verse – 61a of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He brings forth for us of that which the earth groweth – of its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would ye exchange that which is higher for that which is lower? Go down to settled country, thus ye shall get that which ye demand. Wa ‘iz qultum yaa-Muusaa lan-nasbira ‘alaa ta-‘aa-minw-waahidin- fad-‘u lanaa Rabbaka yukh-rij lanaa mim-maa tumbitul-‘arzu mim- baqli-haa wa qissaaa-‘ihaa wa fuu-mihaa wa ‘adasihaa wa basali-haa.  Qaala ‘atas-tabdiluunal-lazii huwa ‘adnaa billazii huwa khayr. ‘Ih-bituu misran- fa-‘innalakum- maa sa- ‘altum.




Misran – (city) Here aim of misran is any city of peninsula Sinai or in its surroundings. Literal meaning of Misr is a city of which demarcation would have been completed. However, it does not mean presently the country Egypt.


This incident was also happened in the desert and wilderness of the Peninsula of Sinai. The children of Israel used to eat heavenly food ‘Manna and Quails’ with much taste for a long time but they felt weary from this food. Although these foods were being provided to them free of cost. They said to their Prophet (peace be upon Him), “O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He bring forth for us of that which the earth groweth – of

its herbs and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions”. They requested to bring them towards some other place from this wilderness where all kinds of city and country foods, vegetables are available for them.


The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) admonished them first of all that their order was not well. The heavenly food they were getting without working hard that was much better than those things which needed hard work. But the children of Israel resisted on their talk. Then the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) said, “Go and live in any better city. You will attain there the food of your choice”.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Wrath Of God On Jews

Verse – 61b of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

And humiliation and wretchednesswere stamped upon them and theywere visited with wrath from Allah. Wa zuribat ‘alayhimuz-zillatu  wal-mas-kanah; wa baaa’uu bi-gazabim- minallaah.




Zuribat – (stamped, struck, hit, hammered) in this verse this word is used for ‘stamped upon them’ (humiliation).


Zillatun – (humiliation, disgrace, insult)


Mas-kanatun – (wretchedness, poverty, needs, destitution) it is said usually that the Jews as a nation are the richest but it is a deception and misunderstanding. The wealth and property which the Jews have that is only limited to their some superior people, although public and common people are financially weak.


God Almighty bestowed many kinds of blessings and kindnesses but they did not thank Him. They used to disobey the Laws of the God Almighty. They were given Manna and Quails for their eating but they had not patience on this favor and claimed for ignoble items like vegetables, cucumbers and corn etc.


Due to their ingratitude behaviour the wrath of God Almighty appeared upon them.

•        Humiliation was pasted upon them. So this nation remained subordinate of Muslims and Christians. During May 1949 their Government was established with the name of “State of Israel” but that was established with the help of Western Governments and even now their existence is due to injustice behaviour of the Western countries.


Besides humiliation, wretchedness and poverty were stamped upon them also. There are only some persons who are fortunate otherwise maximum people are very poor. The persons who suppose it their native country and if they are rich, they are involved in avarice and the love of wealth. They have ambition, lust and greed of wealth surpassing everything.


It is known from this lesson that the person should always be thankful to the God Almighty for His blessings so that the blessings are remained forever because till the time any nation thanks God for His blessings, He bestows the favors. And the person should never criticize the religion of God Almighty because the human being is ignorant from the result of goodness, betterment and virtue of anything.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Cause Of The God’s Wrath

Verse – 61 of 286, Section – 7 (Part  – 1)

That was because they disbelieved in Allah’s Revelations and slew the Prophets wrongfully. That was for their disobedience and transgression. Zaalika bi-‘annahum kaanuu yakfuruuna bi-‘aayaatillaahi wa yaq-tuluunan-nabiy-yiina bi-gayril-haq. Zaalika bimaa ‘asaw-wa kaanuu ya’-taduun.




Yakfuruuna – (Disbelieved) it is derived from the word kafara. Literal meaning of kafara is ‘not to believe, to hide’. Technically not to believe the Oneness of God and Prophet-hood is called infidelity. So Kaafir means Infidel. It aims in this verse that the children of Israel had become habitual of infidelity and denial.


‘Aayaatillaahi – (Allah’s Revelations, verses, tokens, signs) it also signifies towards the Miracles of the Prophets (peace be upon Them), Heavenly Books & Orders and Commands of the God Almighty too.


Yaq-tuluuna – (Slew, murdered, killed) the children of Israel crossing the limits of infidelity and violence killed the Prophets (peace be upon Them). They convicted to slay the Prophets John, Zachariah, Yasa’-yaa’ and Yarmiaa (peace be upon Them).


As we have read in the previous lessons that the children of Israel were overtaken in the wrath of the God Almighty. Humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them. Causes of wrath are being narrated in this verse.


God Almighty commands that the children of Israel had become habitual of two main crimes:

•        They did not act upon the orders of God Almighty whole hearted. Moreover they used to peel of the s`kin from hair without fail, and criticized in each matter unreasonably with quarrelsome manner.

•        They slew their Prophets (peace be upon Them). After the Prophet Moses, God Almighty sent many Prophets (peace be upon Them) but they did not listen to any one. Moreover they became their (Prophets) enemies. Some of them were blamed and some were slain.


Causes of these crimes have also been narrated in this verse that they disobeyed the Orders of God Almighty and Instructions of His Prophets (peace be upon Them), and had become habitual to get out of the limitations of the Religion. It was the result that as they turned their faces from the Revelations of God Almighty and slew the Prophets (peace be upon Them) so they were overtaken the wrath of God Almighty.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Reward Of Faith and Doing Good

Verse – 62 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

Lo! Those who believe (in that whichis revealed unto thee, Muhammad),and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans – whoever believeth in Allah and the  Last Day and doeth right – surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve. ‘Innal-laziina ‘aa-manuu wallaziina haadu wan-Nasaaraa was-Saabi-‘iina  man  ‘aamana billaahi wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhiri wa ‘amila saalihan-  falahum  ‘ajruhum ‘inda Rabbihim, wa laa khaw-fun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yah-zanuun.




‘Aa-manuu – (Believe) in this verse to believe means to join the Muslim Community.


Haadu – (Jews) the persons who are entered in the Jews Class, either they are the children of Israel or otherwise.

Nasaaraa – (Christians) Nasaaraa is plural of Nasraani. There is a town in Palestine named ‘Naasirah’. The Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) was born in this town. Due to relation with this town the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) is called Jesus Christ Naasri (peace be upon Him). So who follow Him is included in Nasaaraa (Followers of the Christ who was born in Naasirah).


As-Saabi-‘iina – (Sabaeans) a person, who inclined towards some other religion leaving his/her own is called Saabi. It was a sect in the Arab. They believed to the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), used to do worship of the Angels (peace be upon Them), recited the Psalms of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) and during the worship they turned towards the Temple of Makkah. The Arabians used to say them Saabi ‘disbelievers’.


God Almighty has removed misunderstanding of the greatness of the Name, the Family background and the Race, and announced that near to Allah Almighty the Name and surname or title are nothing, neither honor of good birth from a particular nation or race and distinction is trustworthy. Two things are necessary for freedom from the wrath of God Almighty, wishing the people either belong to any race or nation, or they have any surname or title.

•       They believe in Allah and the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection) with whole hearted.

•        They do right (good)


If the people will believe in Allah Almighty then they also will admit His Orders and Commands. We have known these Orders and Commands through the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him). So having belief on this Prophet (peace be upon Him) is also included in it. If they will believe on the Day of Resurrection then they would have to believe the wrath and reward.


In short to have belief on the God Almighty and obey His orders is necessary for liberty and reward, and it is impossible to have belief on God Almighty without acceptance of the Prophet-hood of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him).





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Elevation Of The Mount Toor

Verse – 63 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you and caused the (Mount) Toor to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil). Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaaqa-kum wa rafa’-naa fawqakumut-Tuur. Khuzuu maaa ‘aatay-naakum-  bi-quwwatinw-waz – kuruu maa fiihi  Ia-‘allakum tattaquun.




At-Tuur – (Toor) Every mountain is called Toor as per Arabic language. A particular Mountain in the peninsula Sinai is also named as ‘Toor’. That is called “Jabal i-Toor” too.


Az – kuruu maa fiihi – (remember that which is therein) the subjects which are contained in Holy Book Torah, remember them so that you may act upon them. To act upon them is the main need for remembering the Orders of God Almighty.


Tattaquun – (have fear of God) this word is from “Taqwaa”. To remain ward off the evils and pass the life carefully is called Taqwaa. That is also called abstinence, control of the passions. Who is good natured, well wisher and has a good disposition is named “muttaqii”. Islam has stated it as a great excellence and perfection of mankind.


The children of Israel used to demand obstinately to bring a genuine Book of Orders so that they might act upon it. These people used to promise that they would follow completely on the religious matters. But when they were given the Holy Book Torah they inclined to oppose it and began to say that the Orders mentioned in Torah are very heavy and difficult. We can not act upon them.


To challenge them from disobeying and violence Allah Almighty ordered the Mount Toor which was elevated over their heads. Seeing it the children of Israel began to shiver (for afraid of their death) and they had lost the courage of opposing, and now they admitted by force the Laws of Torah.


At this stage promise was taken from the children of Israel, “You will neither dispute nor play the stratagems and argue to believe the Holy Book “Torah”. They were also told to make the law of passing their lives according to the Orders and subjects of this Heavenly Book, act upon them punctually so that fear of God Almighty is produced in their hearts and “ye may ward off (evil).”





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Punishment For Turning Away From The Law

Verse – 64 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not been for the Grace of Allah upon you and His mercy ye had been among the losers. Summa tawal-laytum-mim-ba’—di  zaalik.  Falaw- laa  faz-lullaahi  ‘alaykum  wa rahmatu-huu la-kuntum-minal-khaasi-riin.



Khaasi-riin – (the losers) the word Khasaara has been derived from khaasi-riin that means the damage; the loss, deficiency. So khaasi-riin means the persons who suffer loss, who ruin their present lives as well as their end (the Doomsday).


History of the children of Israel tells that the God Almighty bestowed upon them a lot of kindnesses and favors but they always disobeyed instead of obeying and adopted thankless behaviour instead of being thankful to Him. He let them set free from the slavery of Pharaoh, commanded them to live in the forests of the Peninsula of Sinai so that virtue and passions of an independent and crusader nation may grow into them due to passing their lives in the desert and country atmosphere, they might get freedom from the affects of their long time slavery but they did not like it. They claimed to live in towns so that they might eat different types of fruit, they might pass their lives with laziness and inactively. The God Almighty completed their wishes.


They used to demand from the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to bring for them Guide Book so that they might follow it. God Almighty bestowed the Holy Book Torah and got promise from them that they would follow it always and would never bend upon violence.


After revelation of the Holy Book Torah they broke their promise and began to bend upon violation. God Almighty forgave this error and mischief also. If there would not be available His Mercy and Kindness then the children of Israel might be ruined and disgraced at the spot in this world besides entitled the wrath on the Day of Resurrection. God Almighty advised the children of Israel with His Kindness by sending His Prophets Solomon, David, Samuel and others (peace be upon Them) and told them the straight path. These Prophets (peace be upon Them) tried their best to bring them on the straight path. It was Excellence of the God Almighty otherwise the Jew had arranged for them to be ruined immediately.


God Almighty’s Mercy and Kindness are the greatest supports for human beings’ lives and their safety. If He would not keep Mercy and Kindness, would not ignore then there is no space for any person anywhere.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Change In Faces From Good To Bad

Verse – 65 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, so We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated. Wa  laqad  ‘alim-tumul-laziina’-tadaw  minkum fis-Sabti  fa-qulnaa lahum  kuunuu  qira-datan khaasi-‘iin.



Minkum – (out of you) it signifies towards the fathers, ancestors; forefathers of the children of Israel.


As-Sabt – (the day of “Saturday”) Literal meaning of Sabt is Saturday. As near to Christians ‘Sunday’ is a holy day and Muslims celebrating ‘Friday’ as the holy day, like this the Jews count ‘Saturday’ as their holy day. Saturday was specified only for the worship of God near to them. Worldly works like business, agriculture or hunting were forbidden for them.


A’-tadaw – (to encroach, to cross the limits) they crossed the limits of Divine’s Law.


It has come in the traditions that during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) a large number of Jews lived Ailah (a place in the south of Palestine). This event belongs to that population. These persons used to disobey the commands of God Almighty with cleverness and tactfully. They were instructed not to hunt the fish absolutely on Saturday. The God Almighty wished to examine them too. Usually the fish used to come near the bank of river in much quantity on Saturday.


The Jews planned tactfully carrying on the outward form of the orders of God Almighty. They used to dig the pit holes near the bank of river on Saturday. Large quantity of the fish used to reach in these pit holes with water. Then they used to close the way of water from the river side towards the pit holes. Next day they used to hold the fish from these pit holes. Due to continuously disobeying the God Almighty they were punished, were shaped as apes   and their faces were changed from good to bad.


It appears from this verse that some commands come from the God Almighty only for examining. It is the aim of examination to clarify that the servants of God Almighty remain obedient in both the situations i.e. rest and hardness. If the human being rises to the situation of test, there are a lot of facilities for him but punishment is very tough for the ill-natured and evil doers.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Warning Stock

Verse – 66 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing. Faja-‘alnaahaa  nakaalal-limaa  bayna yadayhaa  wa maa khal-fahaa  wa maw-‘izatal-lil-Muttaqiin.



Nakaalan – (warning) it means a punishment and incident so which becomes warning for others, looking it the persons get admonition.


Purpose of narrating the important events of the history of Israelite in Holy Qur’aan on one side is that the children of Israel feel repentance and be much ashamed. They recognize their reality and incline towards the straight path. And on the other side it is admonition for the Muslims. They get it as warning from the incidents of previous nations, check an account of their deeds, take a lesson and adjust themselves in the light of Holy Qur’aan.


Which event we have discussed in the previous verse that has much importance in the history of the children of Israel and all these people know it very well. The Holy Qur’aan is drawing their attention too towards that incident.


After expressing the incident the Holy Qur’aan declared in this verse, “So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing”. So that all the persons are informed with the result of disobeying the commands of God Almighty, be careful for ever and each moment. It is the fact that this incident is a guide for particularly God-fearing persons. Their belief is perfect with it that only the fear of God is root cause of all the goodness for human beings.


After understanding this verse now there is no doubt that certainly disobeying the commands of God Almighty becomes main cause of a great wrath. We should always keep it in front of us. It is not a customary thing “changing of good faces into bad and becoming apes from the mankind”. The human beings should used to have fear from the wrath and anger of God Almighty.


It also comes out from this verse that how much a person can get admonition from the previous events. In fact this Holy Qur’aan (the Speech of God) impressed upon minds very clearly about the benefits of the history and that every incident or event can not become history. Only those events deserve to become part of history from which the person may get any fair lesson.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Command To Sacrifice A Cow

Verse – 67 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make fun of us? He answered: Allah forbid that I should be among the foolish. Wa  ‘iz  qaala Muusaa li-qawmihiii  ‘innallaaha  ya’-mu-rukum  ‘an- tazbahuu BAQARAH. Qaaluuu  ‘a-tattakhi-zunaa huzuwaa   Qaala ‘a-uuzu bil-laahi ‘an ‘akuuna minal-jaahiliin.



‘A-tattakhi-zunaa huzuwaa – (Dost thou make fun of us?) the cow was very sacred near to the children of Israel. When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) caused to hear the command of God Almighty they remained aghast. They did not believe that it would have been commanded to sacrifice like this sacred animal. They supposed that the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) would have made fun of them.


Al-jaahiliin – (the foolish, the ignorant, the uneducated, and the illiterates) this word al-jaahiliin is derived from jahal. Literal meaning of it is to do any work contrary to its actual nominated method. If it is due to ignorance then the stupidity is simple and if it is done intentionally then the stupidity is compound. The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) asks from God Almighty for refuge from the both stupidities. The person who wishes to command the people at the name of God Almighty, either he is indolent from the God or he is foolish and is incautious from the results of making fun in the religious matters.


A person was killed out of the children of Israel but the killer was not traceable. God Almighty commanded the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to order the children of Israel for sacrificing a cow and beat a piece of its meat at the dead body of the killed. With it the murdered person will come back to the life and will tell the name of his killer.


Due to residing many centuries in the Egypt the children of Israel began to deem the cow very sacred so they supposed that perhaps the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) is making fun of them. The Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) removed their doubt and made them to understand that the Prophets (peace be upon Them) never make fun in the religious matters and in the commands of God Almighty. Making fun of others is the job of the stupid. Wise persons never commit the acts like this which are contrary to the dignity, honour and glory, and which become cause of disgrace of the religion.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Raising Objections In The Commands Of God

Verse – 68 to 71 of 286, Section – 8 (Part  – 1)

68.  They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow neither with calf nor immature. (She is) between the twoconditions. So do that which ye are commanded.

69.  They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us of what colour she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith:  Verily she is a yellow cow, bright is her colour, gladdening beholders.


70.  They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she is. Lo! Cows are much alike to us. And Lo! If Allah wills, we may be led aright.


71.  (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth; whole and without mark. They said: Now thou bringest the truth. So they sacrificed her, though they has not the mind to do (it).

68.  Qaalud-‘u lanaa Rabbaka yubayyil-lanaa maa hii.  Qaala ‘innahuu yaquulu ‘innahaa baqaratul-laa faarizunw-wa laa bikr.  ‘Awaanum- bayna zaalik. Faf-‘aluu maa tu’-maruun.


69.  Qaalud-‘u lanaa  Rabbaka Yubayyil-lanaa maa law-nuhaa. Qaala  ‘innahuu yaquulu  ‘in-nahaa baqaratun-  saf-raaa-‘u, faaqi-‘ul-lawnuhaa  tasurrun-naaziriin.



70.  Qaalud-‘u  lanaa Rabbaka yubayyil-lanaa maa  hiya.  ‘in-nal-baqara tashaabaha ‘alayna.  Wa  ‘innaaa  ‘in-shaaa-‘al-laahu  la-muhtaduun.


71.  Qaala  ‘innahuu yaquulu ‘innahaa  baqaratul-laa- zaluu-lun-tusiirul-‘arza  wa laa tasqil-hars.  Musallamatul-laa shiyata  fiihaa.  Qaalul-‘aana ji’-ta  bil-haqq.   Fazabahuuhaa wa maa kaaduu yaf-‘aluun.




Maa hii – (what she is) When the children of Israel were commanded to sacrifice a cow, they began to argue and reasoning absurdly. Their first question was about her age. (What is the cow’s age?).

Faarizun – (a cow not with calf, not to much old)

Bikr – (immature cow)

‘Awaanum – (between) (neither with calf nor immature – between the two conditions)


Commands of the God Almighty and His Prophets (peace be upon Them) are not without wisdom and philosophy. However it is not necessary that each person may understand them. So nobody should argue or hesitate obeying Them and each person should act upon Their orders/instructions.


In the beginning each order/instruction/law was simple and easy but due to making differences too small to be important the orders and laws became difficult and complicated.


God Almighty commanded through the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to sacrifice a cow. It was entirely a straight and simple order. Children of Israel had to sacrifice any cow. But they argued and used to ask question over questions, so they created difficulties for themselves. After asking first question they became bound about the age of the cow. Then they asked second question’ “what would be colour of the cow”. Now they raised some other difficulty for themselves. Actually they were trying to evade the order. But as they were trying to evade they were drowning in the more difficult situation. They did not understand that how much advisability and secrets are hidden in His orders.


Then they asked again, “What (cow) she is. Lo! Cows are much alike to us. And Lo! If Allah wills, we may be led aright.” Now some other restriction was composed upon them, “Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth; whole and without mark”.


Then they said, “Yes! Now you have told us the right”. In short after a lot of arguments they sacrificed the cow. Even now it was being felt from their behavior that they might not do so. Though, even now they obeyed the command of God Almighty unavoidably.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Bring The Dead To Life

Verse – 72 & 73 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

72.  And (remember) when ye slew a man and disagreed concerning it and Allah brought forth that which ye were hiding.

73.  So We said: Smite him with some of it. Thus Allah bringeth the dead to life and showeth you His portents so that ye may understand.

72.  Wa  ‘iz  qataltum nafsan-faddaara’-tum  fiihaa.  Wallaahu mukhrijun-maa  kuntum  tak-tumuun.

73.  Faqul-nazribuuhu  bi-ba’-zi-haa.  Kazaalika  yuhyil-laahul-mawtaa, wa yuriikum  ‘Aayaati-hii  la-‘allakum  ta’qiluun.




Faddaara’-tum – (then you disagreed, accused/charged each other).


Summary of the previous verses has been stated in these verses. As we have discussed formerly that a person was killed out of the children of Israel but the killer was not traceable because the doubtful people were trying to charge/accuse each other and disagreed concerning it.


The God Almighty commanded the children of Israel to sacrifice a cow for knowing the name of killer. They evaded. When after making much tricks and excuses they prepared to sacrifice the cow, the God Almighty commanded them now to smite the dead body with a piece of meat of that cow. As soon as the piece of meat was smitten to the killed, he returned to life and told the name and address of his killer. So a great problem was resolved obeying the commands of God Almighty. The killed expired again after telling about his murderer.


The God Almighty also taught the people, “It is in My Power to bring the dead to life again”. As the murdered told about his first life’s incidents after getting life again, like him all the human beings will be brought to life again. Then each person will give evidence himself about his own deeds.


These advices and happenings are being told by the God Almighty to all the human beings so that we think about them and correct our lives. We should take lesson from the happenings and incidents of previous nations, and get it as warning for us.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Callous Of Jews

Verse – 74 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

Then, even after that, your heartswere hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness. For indeed there are some rocks from which rivers gush, and indeed there are rocks which split asunder so that water floweth from them. And indeed there are rocks which fall down for the fear of Allah. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do. Summa qasat quluubukum-mim-ba’-di  zaalika fahiya kal-hijaarati ‘aw  ‘ashaddu qaswah.  Wa ‘inna  minal-hijaarati  lamaa yatafajjaru  minhul-‘anhaar.  Wa  ‘inna minhaa lamaa yash-shaqqaqu fa-yakhruju minhul-maaa’.  Wa   ‘inna minhaa lamaa yahbitu min khash-yatil-laah. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.




In the previous verses God Almighty commanded about some happenings in the history of the children of Israel to take lesson from which we may know that they remained involved in different kinds of evil-doings and disobediences. God Almighty used to forgive them but they even then did not take lesson. As though their hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness, because there are some rocks which are useful and advantageous for the creature of the Creator, some rocks are from which rivers and springs gush and the people get water for their personal use, for their animals, for their crops. Hence every field of life needs water, there is no conception of life without it and that is the great favour of God Almighty Who provides us through rocks.


And indeed there are some rocks which fall down from the peaks of the mountains as they are falling in the prostration for the fear of Allah Almighty.


The commentators of the religion have made comments that example of the rocks from which rivers and springs gush is like the Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon Them) in the population of human beings. Due to their springs of favour and kindness the persons (the creature of God) extinguish their spiritual thirst. Example of the second kind of rocks is like the saints of God Almighty. Many people are used to benefit and bless from them. Like them there are the Believers and Righteous persons who if may not guide and correct others, even then their own faith and act remains sound.


Neither the children of Israel obtained advantage from the teachings of  Prophets (peace be upon Them), nor they listened the advice of the servants of God Almighty, as if their hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness on which no speech becomes effective.  And Allah Almighty is not Unaware of what all the persons do.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Transposition Of Words Of God

Verse – 75 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

Have ye any hope that they will betrue to you when a party of themused to listen to the word of Allah,then used to change it, after they had understood it, knowingly ‘Afa-tatma-‘uuna  ‘any-yu’-minuu  lakum  wa qad kaana fariiqum-minhum yasma-‘uuna  Kalaamallaahi summa yuharri-fuunahuu mim-ba’-di maa ‘aqaluuhu wa hum ya’-lamuun.




Tatma-‘uuna – (you have any hope) this word is derived from Tama’a. Usual meanings of Tama’a are ‘to long for’, ‘to have greed’ and also it means ‘to hope’, ‘to expect’. Here it aims towards the last meanings.


Yuharri-fuunahuu – (they used to change it) matter of this word is harafa and infinitive mood is tahriif, that means ‘change’. There are two ways of the change:


•        Literal change (to change the words, to change its pronunciation so that reality of the word may be changed. For instance the Jews used to speak the words ‘hintatun’ instead of ‘hittatun’ and ‘ra-iina’ instead of ‘raa-‘ina’).


•        Significant change (to change the meanings of the words – in translation and explanation).


God Almighty after telling the important happenings in the history of the children of Israel commands in the previous verse that these people will not admit/recognize any warning from these speeches because their hearts have become harder than rocks. Exemplary happenings have no effects on their hearts.


In this verse God Almighty admonishes the Muslims, “Do you wish that they will agree upon your talk whereas out of their elders during the time of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and after them also there was a party used to change intentionally after listen the speech of God Almighty. While it was the condition of their elders then; Have you any hope that they will be true to you? How can you expect from them for goodness? They are ill-disposed people. They will never believe.


It appears from the God Almighty’s this proclamation that the Muslims should not have much expectation of accepting Islam by the Jews.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Treachery Of Jews

Verse – 76 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe. But when they go apart one with another they say: Prate ye to them of that which Allah hath disclosed to you that they may contend with you before your Lord concerning it? Have ye then no sense? Wa ‘izaa laqullaziina ‘aa-manuu qaaluuu ‘aamannaa. Wa ‘izaa khalaa ba’-zuhum ‘ilaa ba’zin- qaaluuu ‘a-tuhad-di-suunahum- bimaa fatahallaahu ‘alaykum  li-yuhaaaj-juukum-bihii ‘inda Rabbikum. ‘Afalaa ta’-qiluun.




Li-yuhaaaj-juukum-bihii – (they may contend with you concerning it) hajaj is the matter of haaaj-juu. The word hujjat is also made from it that means proof, argument and reason. Meanings of this entire sentence are, “to make it proof and argue with this source”. The Jews who did tranposition in the Holy Books Torah, used to say their hypocrite friends, “you give proofs to the Muslims against yourself telling them the teachings of your Book”.


It is being mentioned from here about the Jews who were Hypocrites. Whenever these people met cordially with the Muslims, they used to disclose their faith upon the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) and to win their favour used to tell them all the foretellings and emblems for authentication and support of the Last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him) which were held in their Religious Book.


But whenever these Jews used to meet each other, they used to censure one another, “why you have provided the weapons against yourselves telling your teachings to the Muslims. The Muslims will use these proofs against you and making certificates to your own talks they will give evidence against you in front of the God Almighty that the Jews did not return to the real religion whether they had known every thing”. As though, these fools were supposing that Muslims can know these matters only through the Jews. They do not know that God Almighty can expose their all the matters (open or hidden) in front of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) and the Muslims any time.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

False Hopes

Verse – 77 to 79 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)

(Part One-half upto verse-78)

77.  Are they then unaware that Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and that which they claim?

78.  Among them are unlettered folk who know the scripture not except from hearsay. They but guess.


79.  Therefore woe be unto those who write the Scripture with their hands, then say, “This is from Allah,” that they may purchase a small gain therewith. Woe unto them for that their hands have written, and woe unto them for that they earn thereby!

77. ‘Awalaa ya’-lamuuna ‘an-nallaaha ya’-lamu maa yusir-ruuna wa maa yu’-linuun.

78.  Wa minhum ‘Ummiyyuu-na laa ya’-lamuunal-Kitaaba ‘illaaa ‘amaaniyya wa ‘in hum ‘illaa yazunnuun.


79.  Fa-waylul-lilaziina yaktu-buunal-Kitaaba  bi-‘aydiihim summa yaquuluuna haazaa min ‘indillaahi li-yashtaruu bihii samanan-qaliilaa. Fa-waylul-lahum-mimmaa kata-bat ‘aydiihim wa waylul-lahum-mimmaa yaksibuun.




‘Amaaniyya – (false hopes, hearsay) its singular is ‘umniah. This word is used in two meanings; (1) as like hope which does not have any reality and some persons remain cheerful only in false notions.  (2)  Anybody remains fallen in false traditions and absurdities. There are a lot of instances of resemblances like this in the history of Jews, for example their false notions that nobody will go into the Paradise except them.


Samanan – (price, cost, value) meanings of this word are not only the net cash or cash price but anything which will be gotten as reward or remuneration for any other thing, that will be its samanan. In this verse samanan means worldly reward or remuneration.


Mimmaa yaksibuun – (out of their earnings) in this verse it has two meanings; (1) Pile of their sins – because of increasing their sins due to these mischieves constantly.

(2). which financial reward or remuneration these persons achieve due to change or alteration/transposition.


Illiterate class of the Jews did not know that what has been written in the Holy Book Torah. They were aware of only a few false expectations, hopes and desires, which they had listened from their forefathers and expected that their ancestors will get them forgiven from their sins.


God Almighty commands that the people who change His Orders and say that it is the order of God Almighty, for them there is much badness.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Contractors Of The Paradise

Verse – 80 of 286, Section – 9 (Part  – 1)


And they say: The Fire (of punishment) will not touch us save for a certain number of days. Say: Have ye received a covenant from Allah — truly Allah will not break His covenant—or tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not? Wa qaaluu lan tamassanan-Naaru ‘illaaa ‘ayyaamam-ma’-duudah. Qul ‘attakhaztum ‘indallaahi ‘ahdan- falany-yukhlifallaahu ‘ahdahuuu ‘am taquuluuna ‘alallaahi maa laa ta’-lamoon.




An-Naaru – (The Fire) this word aims towards the Fire of Hell. It has been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan at many places and the human beings have been cautioned in all the Heavenly Books of world. Nobody will be able to recommend anyone to be saved from the agony of the Hell. Neither the remuneration will do something and nor there will be any person too much powerful to save anyone.


‘Ayyaamam-ma’-duudah – (a certain number of days) the Jews had faith that they will be thrown into the Fire only for a few days. After that they will be brought out from it. Different numbers of days have been mentioned in their sayings. Some of them say it seven days, some other say for forty days. It signifies towards the days they did worship of the calf and some persons say that every evil doer will be kept into the Fire equal to his age.


The children of Israel supposed themselves beloved and fondlings of God Almighty. They used to discuss the favours and kindnesses of Him as certificate which He bestowed upon them from time to time. For this purpose they had invented many false sayings about it. Its proof was not available in their Book. One out of those invented false sayings and false traditions was, “they had faith that if the God Almighty gives them any punishment due to their sins that will be only for a few days. They will not remain into the Hell for ever”.


God Almighty asks from the children of Israel through His last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him), “Have you received a covenant from Allah” due to which He is compelled to complete it? Either you have invented these false things yourselves or you tell concerning Him that which you do not know. There is no reply of it instead that their all claims like this are only self made. They have no certificate of religion regarding these false speeches.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Paradise And The Hell

Verse – 81 & 82 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


81.  Nay, but whosoever hath done evil and his sin surroundeth him; such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein for ever.

82.  And those who believe and do good works; such are rightful owners of the Garden. They will abide therein for ever.

81.  Balaa man-kasaba sayyi-‘atanw wa ‘ahaatat bihii kha-tiii-‘atuhuu fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika ‘As-haabun-Naar. Hum fiihaa khaliduun.

82.  Wallaziina ‘aamanuu wa ‘amilus-saalihaati ‘ulaaa-‘ika ‘As-haabul Jannah. Hum fiihaa khaaliduun.




‘Ahaatat bihii kha-tiii-‘atuhuu – (his sin surroundeth him) it aims that they adopted the path of evil intentionally and then so rushed into the sins that there was no space remained for the Faith. This condition is of the people of infidelity (those persons who are unbelievers, disbelievers in the true religion and infidals).


‘Amilus-saalihaati – (they do good works) Good works are the necessary condition alongwith Belief for achieving the goal of entering into Heaven and for succeeding in this world. The good works are the works which a person acts in accord to the commands of the God Almighty.


The children of Israel had invented a lot of false fundamental articles of the religion and these faiths were being shifted from previous race to the next, for instance, “they are beloved and fondlings of God Almighty, they will not be punished on their sins and if they will be punished, that punishment will be only for a few days, and that their ancestors and forefathers will get them forgiven from the God Almighty”.


Behind the shade of these faiths those people used not to commit a mistake from any unlawful act or contraband character and they were involved in this false notion that it is not necessary for them to follow till now the religion and to believe the teachings of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him).


God Almighty has refuted their false opinions in this verse, and commanded that dependence to be released is on two things:

•        The person would have faith on the God, the Most High.

•        Do good works.

That is to say, dependence of rewards and punishment is on having belief on the commands of God Almighty and acting upon them.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Covenant Of The Children Of Israel

Verse – 83 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few, being averse. Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaaqa Baniii-‘Israaa-‘iila laa ta’-bu-duuna ‘illallaah. Wa bil-waali-dayni ‘ihsaananw-wa zil-qur-baa wal-yataamaa wal-masaa-kiini wa quuluu linnaasi hus-nanw-wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz- Zakaah. Summa Tawal-laytum ‘illaa qaliilam- minkum wa ‘antum-mu’-rizuun.




Miisaaq – (Covenant, promise, pledge, consent, agreement, negotiation, treaty) this covenant of the children of Israel has been mentioned on many other parts in the Holy Qur’aan, it has also been mentioned in the Holy Books Torah and Gospel.


God Almighty tells the Children of Israel in this verse, “It has become your habit to turn your faces away from the commands of God, the Most High”. So they are being done attentive mentioning their famous covenant.


This covenant was taken by the God Almighty from the children of Israel that they would never do worship of any other thing except Allah Almighty, be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, treat them politely and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. But these people slid back after making the covenant with God Almighty and could not complete it. There were only a few persons who completed their covenant and cared for their promise.


Alongwith it the God Almighty commands, “You slid back, being averse”. It means that they were the persons who used to turn away from their covenants and promises habitually and did not remain on it.


We should learn the lesson from this speech and the covenant which we have done with Allah, the Most High, “The Testimony, that there is none worthy of worship except ALLAH and Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon Him) is HIS Messenger”, we have to act upon the commands of Holy Qur’aan and sayings of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him). We should pass our lives remaining in the circle of this Testimony. We should remember always this faithful promise.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Shedding Blood And Exilement

Verse – 84 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings. Then ye ratified (Our covenant) and ye were witnesses (thereto). Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaa-qakum laa tasfikuuna dimaaa-‘akum wa laa tukhrijuuna ‘anfusakum-min- diyaarikum summa ‘aqrartum wa ‘antum tash-haduun.




Laa tasfikuuna dimaaa-‘akum – (Shed not the blood of your people) safak is matter of tasfikuuna that means to shed, to cause, to flow, and particularly to shed the blood. As a proverb this sentence aims ‘to kill’.


Talk of the Jews is chained with effect from fifth section of this Surah. The children of Israel had gone astray from their real religion. They used to change and make alteration in the Holy Book of God Almighty Torah, after hearing the commands of Allah Almighty and promising to fulfill it they used to slip from that covenant. They were involved in false and self-invented fidelities. They had doubt that wishing they do how many evils and sins, they would not be punished entirely, but their ancestors would get them saved from the Fire of Hell.


Refuting the false faiths of the children of Israel the God Almighty disclosed through the Holy Qur’aan, “which is the universal law of salvation”. Only those persons are entitled for the Paradise who believe on the Allah Almighty and do good deeds. Without them the person who is surrounded in the evils, howsoever he will enter into the Hell.


After talking about the law of salvation the God Almighty commanded the method to be the righteous and good servants of Him, and drew attention towards their covenant.


Allah Almighty made with them two more covenants: (1)   shed not the blood of their people. (2)    Not to turn (a party of) their people out of their dwellings. Because doing so the collective dignity and fear of the nation will go to end. The opponents will get opportunity to attack over them, get possession over them and become their rulers.


Then they ratified (God Almighty’s covenant) and they were witnesses (thereto).





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Breaking Promise and Disobedience

Verse – 85 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes, supporting one another against them by sin and transgression  –and if they came to you as captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion was itself unlawful for you. Believe ye in part of the Scripture and disbelieve ye in part thereof? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do. Summa ‘antum haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i taqtuluuna ‘anfu-sakum wa tukhrijuuna fariiqam-minkum-min-diyaarihim; ta-zaaharuuna ‘alayhim- bil-‘ismi wal-‘udwaan.  Wa ‘iny-ya’-tuu-kum ‘usaaraa tufaaduuhum wa huwa muharramun ‘alaykum ‘ikhraajuhum.  ‘Afa-tu’-minuu-na bi-ba’-zil-kitaabi wa takfu-ruuna bi-ba’z.  Famaa ja-zaaa-‘u many-yaf-‘alu zaalika minkum ‘illaa khiz-yun- fil-hayaatid-dunyaa. Wa Yaw-mal-Qiyaamati yuradduuna ‘ilaaa ashaddil-‘azaab. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.




Bil-‘ismi wal-‘udwaan – (by sin and transgression) ism means sin so aasim means sinner. Literal meanings of ‘udwaan are rebellion, violence and transgression. In this verse ‘udwaan is used for tyranny and oppression. From this sentence it is known that as the children of Israel used to kill and shed the blood between them or exile their compatriots and religion-fellows, which was not as per any principle but only due to sin and transgression. Which nation behaves like this with their own people, what a better behaviour that can do with others?


God Almighty warns the children of Israel in this verse, “We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings.” But you oppose this covenant. You slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes.


During the times of Last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him) two tribes were populated out of the children of Israel ‘Banu Nazair’ and ‘Banu Quraizah’ in Madina and its vicinity. They used to remain busy in civil war/domestic quarrels habitually. Two tribes of the Infidels of Madina were also populated there. One of the tribes out of Jews used to become friends out of the one tribe of Infidels and the other of the other. Whenever the war used to start, slay and exile became their routine.


It is known from the history that after the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) cruel contradiction grew between the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. Many people were slain during their wars. Resultantly their government was ruined. They became slaves of the others and compelled to pass their disgrace, infamy and ignominy lives.


Al-Kitaabu – (Holy Book) here it aims towards the Heavenly Book of the children of Israel named ‘Torah’. This argument is being established upon them that besides following the commands of Holy Qur’aan they do not obey their own Holy Book completely. They obey only those some orders in which they consider their own benefit. Which commands claim for sacrifice they put them behind themselves.


The Jews first of all used to exile their colleagues after fighting with them. Whenever they used to become prisoners of other nations, then the Jews set them free quickly paying compensation to show their sincerity, still it is fact that it was unlawful for them to exile their religious brothers. So it is found that they obey this order of Torah that the prisoners to be set free, but they do not obey this order that they should not be exiled.


Allah Almighty commands along with it, “And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do”.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Life Of This World At The Price Of The Hereafter

Verse – 86 of 286, Section – 10 (Part  – 1)


Such are those who buy the life of the world at the price of the Hereafter. So their punishment will not be lightened, neither will they have support. ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtarawul-hayaatad-Dunyaa bil-‘Aa-khirati falaa yukhaffafu ‘an-humul-‘azaabu wa laa hum yunsaruun.




Bil-‘Aa-khirati – (at the price of the Hereafter) it appears from study of the religious books of Jews that the Faith on Doomsday had not remained in their hearts. It is fact that concept of God Almighty and the Doomsday is main Check and prohibition from evil-doing and sinful life. If the human being has no thought about second eternal life, rewards/remuneration on good deeds and punishment on sins then there is no any method to resist him from sin and evil-doing.


Laa hum yunsaruun – (they will not be supported) its matter is nasara which means support, help. Ansaar (the supporters) is also from this word and the word Mansur is also from it that means victor and victorious. Meanings of the entire sentence are, “they will not be supported by any one to lighten their punishment”.


The Jews had fallen in this false suspicion that they wishing how much sins use to do, on the Day of Resurrection their ancestors and pious persons will reach to help them and save them from agony of the Fire. Now the God Almighty has cleared their false faith as wrong and stopped, and commanded that they will not be supported from any side.


Summary of previous verses has been narrated in this verse that the persons who disobeyed the orders of Allah, the Most high, turned back from their covenant after binding it and sacrificed their religion for their worldly benefits, followed the casual worldly relishes and tastes leaving the rewards, favours and kindnesses of the Day of Resurrection, they have bought casual comfort of this world leaving the welfare of the Doomsday. There will be much difficult calamity for them on the Day of Resurrection. Neither the wrath upon them will be forgiven nor will it be lessen. Those persons should know that no body can set them free and neither any body can help them. After death only the good deeds of each person will support him.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Manifestation Of Jesus Christ

(God’s Blessings On Him)

Verse – 87a of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty), and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. Wa laqad ‘aataynaa Muu-sal-Kitaaba wa qaffaynaa mim-ba’-dihii birrusuli wa ‘aatay-naa ‘Iisabna-  Maryamal-Bayyi-naati wa ‘ayyadnaahu bi-ruu-hil-qudus.




Qaffaynaa – (We caused a train of messengers to follow) after the Prophet Moses chain of Prophets (peace be upon Them) remained coming continuously between the children of Israel. Out of Them famous Prophets are David, Zachariah, John, Yusha’ and Jesus (peace be upon Them).


‘Iisaa – (Jesus) the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) is the last Prophet out of the Prophets from the children of Israel (peace be upon Them). No Prophet came in this world from the children of Israel after the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him). After Him Prophet-hood went towards the children of Ishmael. In this dynasty the Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings on Him) was born and after Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him) neither any prophet has come and nor will come. It means that the prophet-hood has finished on Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him). The Prophet Jesus Christ conveyed this good news particularly about gracing with the Last Messenger’s presence (grace, peace and blessings on Him). The year belonging to Jesus starts from the year of His death (peace be upon Him). Nasira is a town in the country of Syria which was His Ancestors’ native country. Due to this relation the people say Him Jesus Christ Nasri (Masiih Nasri).


Maryama – (Mary) (God’s Blessings on Her) Her father’s name was Imran. She belonged to a very noble family out of the children of Israel. She was also very modest. The Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) was born from Her womb without father.


‘Iisabna- Maryama – (Jesus son of Mary) it signifies that the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) was also a mankind. May God forbid! He was not the son of God. However He was a great Prophet and Messenger (peace be upon Him) of God Almighty. Because He (peace be upon Him) was born without father so the relation is given towards mother.


Al-Bayyi-naat – clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) there is no accommodation for tricks or arguments to deny these clear proofs.


Ruu-hil-Qudus – (the Holy Spirit) aim of ruu-hil-qudus is the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him). He used to bring the Messages of God Almighty towards the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them). He helped the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Them) in each difficult situation so He is being narrated particularly here in this verse.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Sensuality and Murder Of Prophets

Verse – 87b of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


Is it ever so, that, when there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which ye yourself desire not, ye grow arrogant, and some ye disbelieve and some ye slay? ‘Afa-kullamaa jaaa-‘akum Rasuulum- bimaa laa tahwaaa ‘anfu-sukumus-takbar-tum. Fa-fariiqan- kazzabtum wa fariiqan-taqtuluun.




Allah Almighty has bestowed two powers to the human beings:

•        Power of Belief (faith, religion, certainty and confidence).

•        Power of action (procedure compliance, operation and practice).


If these powers are right and straight forward then the path of aim will become easy. In the previous verse the God Almighty has mentioned those bad-nesses and defects of the children of Israel which belong to their power of action. They used to slay each other themselves, exiled the weak persons. Now, in this verse weaknesses of the power of their belief and faith have been disclosed.


The God Almighty commands, “We bestowed the Book to Moses (peace be upon Him) for their guidance but when the children of Israel began to change the Orders of this Book and disobey them, then We sent many Prophets after Moses (peace be upon Them). But these people disobeyed some of Them too and slew some of Them (peace be upon Them). Then We sent Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) with the Holy Book Gospel and to prove His truth We bestowed many Miracles to Him, and detailed the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him) for His help but the Jews did not shun from their habits and prepared to slay Him (peace be upon Him)”.


Now Allah Almighty says, “your circumstances are also strange, whenever any Messenger (peace be upon Him) brought the order of God Almighty against your personal means and sensual wishes, you turned your faces from it with proud, falsified some Prophets (peace be upon Them) and slew some of Them.


The Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) was bestowed with many miracles by the Allah Almighty. For instance He (peace be upon Him) was bestowed to do discerning the blinds, sound the lepers and healthy the ailing, produced Him (peace be upon Him) without father and powered to speak in the cradle etc. But even then the children of Israel did not believe Him (peace be upon Him) and continued opposing and troublesome acts.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Bigotry Of The Children Of Israel

Verse – 88 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


And they say: Our hearts are enfolded in covers. Nay, but Allah hath cursed them for their unbelief. Little is that which they believe. Wa qaaluu quluubunaa gulf. Bal-la-‘anahumullaahu bi-kufrihim fa-qaliilam-maa yu’-minuun.




Gulfun – (enfolded in covers) aglaf is its singular. It means, “Covered thing”, the thing which is enfolded in cover and hidden in the curtain. The Jews used to claim that their hearts are enfolded in covers and filled with the teachings of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). So they did not need to accept any new teachings.


La-‘anahumullaahu – (Allah hath cursed them) La’-nat means distance from the Mercy, some body’s deprival from God Almighty’s Grace and Mercy. It is also called the curse as that person is ignored by all.


Qaliilan – (very little) it signifies that they used to disclose a dim attention towards the belief off and on and only few persons out of them used to believe. Majority was inclined towards dishonesties, faithless and violence.


When God Almighty fixed the self made faiths of the Jews as False and the Speech of Allah Almighty proved them wrong clearly then there was no trick or argument remained with the Jews. They began to say that their hearts were enfolded in the covers and nothing could effect on their hearts. They would never obey or become loyal on the instructions of any body.


The Jews used to state their false proof with much pride but the God Almighty proclaimed clearly that they are totally liars. There is no any enfolded cover. But Allah Almighty has cursed them for their chained unbelief and its covers have enfolded their hearts. They have been removed from His Mercy and Kind. So they do not believe their true religion. Out of them only a few persons have believed on the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings on Him).


It has been known from this verse that if the human beings either deny from the verses of God Almighty or change them or do transposition of words between them, or disobey continuously then Allah Almighty curses them. The person like this can not attend towards the Religion and Belief.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Intentionally Disbelief

Verse – 89 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


And when there cometh unto them a Scripture from Allah, confirming that which is in their possession—though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieve—and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be true) they disbelieve therein. So the curse of Allah is on disbelievers. Wa lammaa jaaa-‘ahum Kitaabum-min ‘indillaahi musaddiqul-limaa ma-‘ahum, wa kaanuu min- qablu yastafti-huuna ‘alal-laziina Kafaruu  Falammaa jaaa-‘ahum-maa ‘arafuu kafaruu bihii fala’-natullaahi ‘alal-kaafiriin.



Kitaabum-min ‘indillaahi – (a Scripture from Allah) here Kitaab signifies towards the Holy Qur’an, whose first address was also for the Jews besides the Infidels of Makkah. Majority of these people was living in Madina.


Limaa ma-‘ahum – (that which is in their possession) its aim is Torah, the Heavenly Book of the Jews. The Holy Qur’an has used to mention its virtue and proclaimed that the Qur’an is True Book of Allah Almighty; it verifies other previous Heavenly Books. Out of the previous Books the most famous book is Torah which was revealed on the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).


Yastafti-huuna (were asking for a signal triumph) this word is derived from the word Fatah. In Arabic language it means ‘wish of superiority’ and victory. In this verse its both meanings can be taken. Before the manifestation of Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings on Him), whenever the Jews people were defeated by the natives of Madina, at that time they used to beg from Allah Almighty for victory and help giving the sake of Last Messenger (grace, peace and blessings on Him). This affair had been included in their faith that the Last Prophet (grace, peace and blessings on Him) would come to make them free. They would get freedom after believing on Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him).


When a Book revealed by Allah Almighty for the Jews in which verification of the principles of the Divine’s law of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) was present then these persons disbelieved, and of whom Last Prophet (grace, peace and blessings on Him) they were waiting for, and for the sake of whom they used to pray for victory against the Infidels, when He, Known Prophet (grace, peace and blessings on Him) came towards them; they began to disbelieve Him (grace, peace and blessings on Him). Now those disbelievers have been cursed by the God Almighty due to their infidelity. And they became victim of wrath of the God Almighty.


It appears from this statement that the Jews belong to a bigoted and jealous nation and this nation has been cursed from the Mercy of God Almighty due to its bigotry and infidelity.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Result Of Opposite And Bigotry

Verse – 90 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they should disbelieve in that which Allah hath revealed, grudging that Allah should reveal of His Bounty unto whom He will of His bondmen. They have incurred anger upon anger. And for disbelievers is a shameful doom. Bi’-sa-mash-taraw bihii ‘anfusahum ‘any-yakfuruu bi-maaa- ‘anzalallaahu bagyan ‘any-yunazzilal-laahu min- faz-lihii ‘alaa many-yashaaa-‘u min ‘ibaadih.  Fabaaa-‘uu  bigazabin ‘alaa gazab. Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabum-muhiin.




Allah Almighty commands in this verse that the children of Israel are limitless selfish and sensual people. They are also stubborn and jealous. They see every thing even that the orders of God Almighty from the business and national point of view and think that their benefit is either in following these orders or disobeying them. If they suppose that they will acquire their personal wishes by changing these orders or by violating them, they shall do that without hesitation.


Due to the result of bigotry and sensuality jealousy grew into them very severely. Because they wanted to get each type of favour and kind for themselves only as if it was their right by birth. Without distinction of deeds the favours and mercy of God Almighty will remain only for them.


When Prophet Muhammad (peace, grace and blessings be upon Him) was sent as the Last Messenger of Allah Almighty, the Jews felt a lot of restlessness. Fire of jealousy blazed into them that why the prophet-hood has been transferred into the children of Ishmael instead of their dynasty. Whereas they should know that the God Almighty gives His virtue him to whom He wishes and bestows Prophet-hood and Mission to him. But the Jews refused to believe the Last Messenger Muhammad (peace, grace and blessings upon Him) due to their opposite and did not return towards the right path.


Due to the Jews’ chained infidelity and denying they have incurred anger upon anger of God Almighty. And for disbelievers is a shameful doom on the Day of Resurrection.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Refusal Of Invitation For Belief

Verse – 91 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


And when it is said unto them: Believe in that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We believe in that which was revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that which cometh after it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the Prophets of Allah aforetime, if ye are (indeed) believers? Wa ‘izaa qiila lahum ‘aa-minuu bimaaa ‘anzalal-laahu  qaaluu nu’-minu bimaaa ‘un-zila ‘alaynaa wa yakfuruuna bimaa waraaa-‘ahuu wa huwal-Haqqu musaddiqal-limaa ma-‘ahum. Qul falima taqtuluuna ‘ambiyaaa-‘al-laahi min- qablu ‘in- kuntum-mu’miniin.



As you have studied previously that when the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace, glory and blessings on Him) invited the children of Israel to accept Islam, they replied that their hearts have already been filled with these orders of God Almighty which are present in our Heavenly Book Torah so they have no need of any new teachings and new revelation.


Allah Almighty has disclosed in this verse that this claim of theirs’ is also false because they do not believe too even their Heavenly Books entirely and do not follow their orders. It is its proof that they have used to falsify their Prophets (peace be upon Them), moreover they have slain some of Them. If they had faith completely on that Book and its Commands they might not be so disobedient.


After providing this proof the God Almighty warns them that they have gone astray entirely from the Straight Path and have left the true religion so it is better for them to adopt the Religion Islam and admit the Holy Qur’an. It is the Last Heavenly Book. This Book verifies their Books itself and presents them in duly corrected shape. Without believing on the Last Book of Allah Almighty their claim of believing on their own Books is totally wrong.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Worship Of Calf

Verse – 92 & 93 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


92.  And Moses came unto you with clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty), yet while he was away, ye chose the calf (for worship) and ye were wrongdoers.

93.  And when We made with you a covenant and caused the (Mount) Toor to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and hear (Our Word), they said: We hear and disobey. And (worship of) the calf was made to sink into their hearts because of their rejection (of the covenant). Say (unto them): Evil is that which your belief enjoineth on you, if ye are believers.

92.  Wa laqad jaaa-‘akum-Muu-saa  bil-Bayyinaati summat-takhaz-tumul-‘ijla mim- ba’-dihii wa ‘antum zaalimuun.

93.  Wa ‘iz ‘akhaznaa Miisaa-qakum wa rafa’-naa fawqa-kumut-Tuur. Khuzuu maaa ‘aataynaakum- bi-quwwa-tinw-wasma-‘uu. Qaaluu sami’-naa wa ‘asaynaa; wa ‘ush-ribuu fii quluubihimul-‘ijla bi-kufrihim. Qul bi’-samaa ya’-murukum- bihiii  ‘iimaanukum  ‘in-kuntum-mu’-miniin.



In the previous verse Allah Almighty has proved the claim of Jews wrong that they were following entirely on the Divine of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and now they do not need any new Religion or Divine. God Almighty had commanded against it that they had falsified their many Prophets and some of Them were even slain by them.


Now in this verse God Almighty commands that He sent the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and bestowed Him also a lot of miracles but knowing all this even then children of Israel began worship of the calf. They left Oneness of God and overtook infidelity and ascribed plurality to God Almighty.


Then the God Almighty made covenant from them in the base of Mountain Toor on some Orders to be obeyed. At that time due to fear of God Almighty they promised but later on they refused to admit it. So at last Allah, the Most high says, “If your faith, of which you claim, teaches you to slay the Prophets (peace be upon Them), worship the calf instead of God Almighty and break the covenant then your this faith teaches you wrong-doings. How can it be a true Belief?



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Long For Death

Verse – 94 of 286, Section – 11 (Part  – 1)


Say (unto them): If the abode of the Hereafter in the providence of Allah is indeed for you alone and not for others of mankind (as ye pretend), then long for death (for ye must long for death) if ye are truthful. Qul  ‘in-kaanat lakumud-Daarul-‘Aakhiratu  ‘indallaahi   khaalisatam-min-duunin-naasi  fatamannawul-mawta  ‘in-kuntum  saadiqiin.




God Almighty has refuted some other fidelity of the children of Israel in this verse. You have studied earlier that the children of Israel had stood firm on their self invented and false faiths. One out of them was that only they will go into Heaven after death and they will be alone heir of the Paradise. Except them neither any nation of the world will be forgiven and nor will enter the Paradise.


Allah Almighty has proved wrong this self invented and false belief with very simple understanding argument. The children of Israel have been told through the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings upon Him) that if they were true in their claim that they were alone heir of the Heaven and they would enter the Paradise certainly then they should show long for death, because the person who has faith that after death he will certainly enter the Paradise, he would not have any fear for long of death. There are a lot of difficulties and calamities in this world and in the Paradise there are each type of blessings and facilities. So the person who claims as a heir of the Paradise, he should try to face that world to leave for good this world as soon as possible so that he may get a comfortable life for ever after getting rid of these calamities and difficulties.


This very reason has been produced for the children of Israel that if they certainly believe about the Paradise as that is only for them and except them no other nation will enter into it then they should show to long for death (for they must long for death) if they are truthful.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Greed For long life

Verse – 95 & 96 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


95.   But they will never long for it, because of that which their own hands have sent before them. And Allah is Aware of evildoers.

96.    And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and (greedier) than the idolaters. (Each) one of them would like to be allowed to live a thousand years. And to live (a thousand years) would by no means remove him from the doom. And Allah is Seer of what they do.

95.   Wa lany-yatamannaw-hu ‘abadam- bimaa qaddamat ‘aydiihim. Wallaahu ‘Aliimum-biz-zaalimiin.


96.   Wa la-tajidannahum  ‘ah-rasan-naasi ‘alaa hayaah. Wa minallaziina ‘ashrakuu yawad-du ‘ahaduhum law yu-‘ammaru ‘alfa sanah. Wa maa huwa bi-muzahzihihii minal-‘azaabi ‘any-yu-‘ammar. Wallaahu Basiirum- bimaa ya’-maluun.




In this verse Allah Almighty has explained completely about reality of the children of Israel. It means that although they claim to be the only Heirs of the Paradise. Therefore they are being commanded to show the long for death. But they will never be prepared to accept it. They don’t want to intend to leave luxuries of this world entirely and to face the world hereafter. There is only one reason for it that they haven’t faith on purity of their claim. They just tell a lie. They know very well about the evildoings and immoralities which they have done in this world, they shall have to face the punishment for their sins. So they wish that they might get the life as long as possible, so that they may enjoy luxuries of this world for maximum period and be saved from agony of dooms day.


Every body out of them wants to remain in this world for thousands of the years, so that he may get more worldly benefits and be saved from agony. But God Almighty gives caution to them that wishing they get more life, they can’t save themselves from agony of Allah Almighty because He knows their each deed.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Enmity Of The Gabriel

Verse – 97 & 98 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


97.  Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah’s leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad-tidings to believers.

98.  Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael! Then, lo! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers.

97.  Qul man- kaana ‘aduwwal-li-Jibriila fa-‘innahum nazza-lahuu ‘alaa qalbika bi-‘iznillaahi musaddiqal-limaa bayna ya-dayhi wa hudanw-wa  bushraa  lil-Mu’-miniin.



98.  Man-kaana ‘aduwwal-lil-laahi  wa malaaa-‘ikatihii wa rusulihii wa Jibriila wa Mii-Kaala  fa-‘innallaaha  ‘aduwwul-lil-Kaafiriin.




Jibriila – (Gabriel) it is the name of a great Angel. He has a very sensitive responsibility as He conveys Revelation of the God Almighty to the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them). He is counted as out of the closely to God Almighty and arch angel.


In this verse God Almighty has opened some other secrets of the children of Israel’s false and meaningless argument. The Jews used to say that which torture used to descend over their forefathers from time to time, the news of that torture were revealed by Gabriel (peace be upon Him). He was their national enemy. For whom out of Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) He will bring the revelation, they will not accept Him (peace be upon Him). This Angel also brings revelation towards the Prophet of Islam, the last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), besides this He discloses their secrets, conspiracies and plans over the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) so they would not agree to accept Him (peace be upon Him).


Allah Almighty has replied in this verse that position of the Gabriel (peace be upon Him) is only as an Angel who conveys the messages of the God Almighty to the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them). In fact each type of command, order, agony, torture or Speech is revealed from the Allah Almighty. The enmity of the Gabriel, some other Angels and Messengers (peace be upon Them) is totally meaningless and the Infidels will be punished severely due to their enmity with God Almighty


Allah Almighty has narrated three virtues of Holy Qur’an in this verse:


•        It verifies the principles of previous Heavenly Books.

•        This Holy Book shows the straight path.

•        It causes to hear happy news for the Believers about good rewards and success.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Breaking Of The Promise By The Jews

Verse – 99 & 100 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


99.  And verily We have revealed unto thee clear verses, and only miscreants will disbelieve in them.

100.  Is it ever so that when they make a covenant a party of them set it aside? The truth is, most of them believe not.

99.  Wa laqad ‘anzalnaaa ‘ilay-ka ‘Aayaatim- bayyinaat. Wa maa yakfuru bihaaa ‘illal-faasi-quun.100.  ‘Awa- kullamaa  ‘aahaduu ‘ahdan-nabazahuu fariiqum-minhum.  Bal ‘aksaruhum laa yu’-minuun.



‘Aayaatim- bayyinaat – (clear verses), ‘Aayaat means verses, literally it means ‘tokens’, ‘signs’. The word ‘Aayaat is used for many purposes i.e. punctuations in the Holy Qur’an, Orders, Instructions and Commands of God Almighty are also called ‘Aayaat, and all those speeches and things which are signs of the Power of God Almighty, will be included in its meanings.


Bayyinaat – its singular is Bayyinah that means clear, bright. The meanings of all this sentence may be the Holy Qur’an too as well as Miracles and Orders of the God Almighty.


The children of Israel were materialists so the God Almighty bestowed their Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) with miracles outward and relating to matter. Near to them proof of the truth of any Prophet (peace be upon Him) was that He (peace be upon Him) would have the Miracles. When the Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) were sent, the children of Israel said surprisingly, “of what sort is this Prophet? He has no sign or token of prophet-hood. Replying them Allah Almighty commanded, “You demand one sign of Prophet-hood, We have bestowed many signs and tokens to Our Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) and those signs & tokens are neither hidden nor dim, moreover these are clear and bright verses which may be seen by everyone. After looking them any person who has true nature can not deny from them. Only those persons will disbelieve who has become habitual of breaking the Laws of God Almighty and violating His Orders.


History of the children of Israel has been filled with the happenings of treachery, breaking the covenants, disobeying and violence. Whenever any Messenger of Allah Almighty brought towards them the Clear Verses, they falsified Him. Moreover after making the covenant to obey the God Almighty and His Prophet (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) they did not remain firm on it. This habit of refusal and disobeying of the Jews stopped them to accept the prophet-hood of the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him).




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Opposing The Scripture Of Allah

Verse –101 of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


And when there cometh unto them a Messenger from Allah, confirming that which they possess, a party of those who have received the scripture fling the scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they knew not. Wa lammaa jaaa-‘a hum Rasuulum-min ‘indillaahi mu-saddiqul-limaa ma-‘ahum nabaza fariiqum-minal-laziina   ‘uutul-kitaaba,  kitaaballaahi waraaa-‘a  zuhuurihim  ka-‘an-nahum laa ya’-lamuun.




Rasuulun – (Messenger) the person carrying message. This word is used for all the Prophets (peace be upon Them). It is revealed from the way of narration of this verse that it signifies towards the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Religious commentators, research scholars and philosophers have also taken these meanings of the verse.


Ma-‘ahum – (they possess) it aims the Holy Book Torah, of which guidance the children of Israel did not admit. These persons did not believe also the last Messenger and Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), still vast signs and foretelling had been mentioned in that Holy Book (Torah). The Jewish Scholars tried their best to hide these foretelling and the common Jewish people opposed limitless the Islam and the Muslims still their salvation was connected with the faith of Islam.


Waraaa-‘a  zuhuurihim – (behind their backs) it is a proverb that means, “they used carelessness and opposed it practically”.


In this verse it is being told to the children of Israel that the Last Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) has not come to efface their religion but He (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) has come to refresh and provide it a new life. So not obeying Him (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is like ruining entirely their religion by themselves digging its roots.


Besides all these speeches the children of Israel began opposing Islam publicly and which glad tidings about inspiration of the Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) had been mentioned in Torah, and which signs and tokens were narrated, to hide them they changed the Torah and apparently became strangers. As though they didn’t know that support and authentication regarding the last Prophet (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is present in it.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Acts Of The Black Magic

Verse –102a of 286, Section – 12 (Part  – 1)


And they followed that which the devils falsely related during the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Wattaba-‘uu maatatlush-shayaa-tiinu ‘alaa mulki- Sulay-maan. Wa maa kafara Sulay-maanu wa laakinnash-shayaa-tii-na kafaruu  yu-‘allimuunan-naa-sas-sihr,  wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘alal-malakayni  bi-Baabila Haaruuta  wa  Marrut.




Ash-shayaa-tiinu – (plural of Satan) those demons are also meant from this word who were subordinates of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) besides the devil, and they were violent and of evil spirit. The demons have been produced from the fire. They have wisdom and decency. This creature can not be seen by the human beings.


Some commentators have indicated about the ash-shayaa-tiin as persons of bad nature and addle mannered that used to take part in the rebellion against the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) and accused Him falsely of various sorts. These devils were very at home in magic.


Sulay-maan – (Solomon) He was a very famous Prophet (peace be upon Him) out of the children of Israel, and He was a very powerful King of His era. Besides Syria and Palestine limitations of His Government had been spread up to Iraq in the east and up to Egypt in the West. His kingdom was of a great splendor and magnificent.


In this verse God Almighty has aimed towards other intolerant act of the children of Israel that these people except admitting the true revelation of Allah Almighty follow the magic, black magic and witchcraft. These magic and witchcrafts are those acts which the devils had spread during the times of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) these witchcrafts comprising on the infidel speeches, were achieved unlawfully and were used for bad purposes.


These persons used to do the acts of magic and infidelity themselves but betrothed towards the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him). They blamed Him that He teaches the magic. But the God Almighty proclaimed unaccountability of the Prophet Solomon through the Holy Qur’an, and told that these were entirely liars.


Al-malakayni –  (two Angels) God Almighty sent two Angels in Babel to prevent the people from using the magic and witchcraft. Their names were Harut and Marut. These Angels had to live between the human beings. So their faces, bodies, colors, habits and emotions were like the human beings.


Baabil – (Babel) it is old name of Iraq Arabia. Name of the Capital of the country was also Babel. This city was 60 Miles away from present city Baghdad towards south on the river bank of Frat. It was a big, developed and most fortunate city. Its agricultural area was irrigated by two famous rivers (Dajla and Frat). This country was also particularly famous due to magic, black magic, witchcrafts and other infernal practices.


As-sihr – (magic) in Arabic language as-sihr is also used for deception. It means that a thing with which the eyesight of the human being may be deceived. In it reality differs from the evident. Between magic and Miracle there is a great difference besides other things that in the miracle the condition is changed but with the magic reality does not change. Only the eyesight is deceived. The Jews used to learn and teach this knowledge for getting worldly bad advantages.


According to the Islamic Laws the magic is unlawful. Reason is clear that the Magicians use the sentences of infidelity, adopt unlawful methods and bring the magic in use for good and bad acts. How a Prophet and Angel (peace be upon Them) may do the works like this?



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Badness Of The Black Magic

Verse –102b & 103 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


Nor did they (the two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the guidance of Allah). And from these two (angels) people learn that by which they cause division between man and his wife; but they injure thereby no-one save by Allah’s leave. And they learn that which harmeth them and profiteth them not. And surely they do know that he who trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which they sell their souls, if they but knew.

103.  And if they had believed and kept away from evil, a recompense from Allah would certainly have been better, if they had only known.

Wa maa yu-‘all-imaani min ‘ahadin hatta ya-quulaaa ‘innamaa nahnu fitna-tun, falaa takfur.  Fayata-‘alla-muuna minhumaa maa yufar-riquuna bihii baynal-mar-‘i wa zawjih. Wa maa hum- bi-zaaar-riina bihii min ‘ahadin ‘illaa bi-‘iznil-laah. Wa yata-‘alla-muuna maa yazurruhum wa laa yanfa-‘uhum. Wa laqad ‘alimuu lama-nishtaraahu maa lahu fil ‘Aakhirati min kha-laaq. Wa labi’- sa maa sharaw bihiii ‘anfusa-hum. Law kaanuu ya’-lamuun.

103.  Wa law ‘annahum ‘aamanuu wattaqaw  lamasuubatum-min ‘indillaahi khayr. Law kaa-nuu ya’-lamuun.




Yu-‘all-imaani – (they both taught) this word is from Ta’-liim. It means to teach. But here this word isn’t used in these meanings that the angels used to teach the magic to people. Moreover the meanings of Ta’-liim are to inform, to show and to tell here.


Fitna-tun-(disorder, badness, quarrel, test, examination, temptation) Here it is used in the meanings of test & examination only.


Some quarrelsome persons of Babel used to come near the Angels and said, “you prevent us from black magic and witchcraft but let we know about the magic. Which are the acts of magic on using them is infidelity? After replying them when the angels used to tell them about magic, its actions and words, then these evil-doers listened carefully and used it as art.


Allah Almighty commands also about this mischief that these people exercised the particular branch of magic with the help of which they produced quarrel and misunderstanding between husband and wife. Moreover it is the worst evil-doing creating misunderstanding between the two hearts, and specially creating fight between husband and wife.


Advice of Harut and Marut was to be enough that they used to tell themselves a test and prevent Jews from infidelity and evil. But they didn’t learn the lesson. They didn’t listen to their advice but used to act violently and evil-doing.


Although they used magic to harm others but Allah Almighty says that without His order they cannot harm anyone. Moreover they will harm themselves from it. They are going to mar their own future by doing these evil acts. It is possible that they get some temporary worldly benefits but at the end ((on the Doomsday they have no blessing.


Allah Almighty says that these people have sacrificed the advantages of the Day of Resurrection in exchange of worldly customary advantage. That is much harmful for them. If they would have adopted the right path instead of this way, believed on Allah and had fear of His agony, Allah would give them better reward surely.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Misuse Of The Words

Verse –104 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): “Listen to us” but say “Look upon us”, and be ye listeners. And for disbelievers is a painful doom. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa taquuluu  raa-‘inaa  wa quulunzurnaa  was-ma-‘uu.  Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabun  ‘aliim.




Raa-‘inaa – (Listen to us, show us favour)


Unzurnaa – (Look upon us) this word has also the same meanings, “Listen to us, show us favour”. The children of Israel used to be present in the Conference of the Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), and listened to the advice and preaching. Whenever they could not listen to any speech and wished to ask again then they used to say raa-‘ina.


Listening from them the word raa-‘ina some times the Muslims also began to use this word. The God Almighty prevented them not to use this word. If they wish to say, they should use the word unzurnaa. In fact the children of Israel used to say this word raa-‘ina due to ill-will and joke. They intentionally used the word raa-‘ina as ra-‘iina, that means ‘our shepherd’ and in the Jewish language the word raa-‘ina is also used for the fool, blockhead, most foolish, stupid and idiot.


Allah Almighty prohibited the Muslims from use of this word (raa-‘ina) and commanded to replace it as unzurnaa, that means “Look upon us”. The aspect of joke or censure is not found in this word. Along with use of this word it has also been ordered to ‘be ye listeners’ (was-ma-‘uu) so that you would not have to ask again for repetition.


It is also learnt from the command of is-ma-‘uu that the sayings, advices and preaching of the Prophet of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) should be listened with meditation. So the persons who consider that only the Holy Qur’an is sufficient for guidance of the human beings, they should learn from this decision of Holy Qur’an itself and imagine that how much it has been pressed to listen and accept the Sayings, advice and preaching according to this verse and many other verses. It has also been mentioned in an other verse that decision of the Messenger of Allah (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is the last and final decision for you in each matter. (Surah An-Nissa). “O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority; then if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end”. (IV : 59)


At the end the God Almighty commands that the persons who are prepared to do insolence of the Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) calling Him with bad words and making fun of Him are the disbelievers and for disbelievers is a painful doom.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Religious Persecution Of The Infidels

Verse –105 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your Lord. And Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will. And Allah is of Infinite Bounty. Maa  yawaddullaziina kafaruu min- ‘Ahlil-kitaabi  wa lal-Mushrikiina  ‘any-yunazzala  ‘alaykum-min  khayrim-mir-Rabbikum.  Wallaahu yakh-tassu  bi-rahmatihii many-ya-shaaa’.  Wallaahu  Zul-Fazlil-‘aziim.




Allaziina kafaruu – (those who disbelieve, the Infidels) This word is derived from kafara. Literal meanings of kafara are ‘to hide’. In the phrase of Islam disbeliever of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is called Infidel


‘Ahlil-kitaabi – (The people of the Scripture) this phrase has been used many times in the Holy Qur’an. ‘Ahlil-kitaab is said to those people who have any revealed and heavenly Book. It is an other class besides the Believers and the Infidels. The most famous out of them are the children of Israel and Christians who have the Revealed Books (Torah and Gospel). Alas! These both classes went astray gradually from the teachings of these Books.


Al-Mushrikiina – (the idolaters) this word has come out from the word shirk which means partnership. The idolater is the person, who settles partners either in the Oneness of God Almighty or in His Virtues or in His Power and Commands. And he makes His partner worshipped in spite of One God.


Allah Almighty has commanded in this verse that all the Infidels, Idolaters and the people of the Scripture are filled with envy on the matter that why the God Almighty bestows blessings and favours over Muslims leaving them.


Then He said that He chooses for His favours to whom He wishes. So no body should become jealous over any other. From which nations the Prophet Hood had been snatched, that was not due to the avarice of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) but this favour was forfeited from the children of Israel due to their own acts.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Abrogation Of The Verses

Verse –106 & 107 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


106.  Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate or cause be forgotten, but We bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things?

107.  Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. And ye have not,  beside Allah, any guardian or helper?

106.  Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin ‘aw nunsihaa na’-ti bi-khayrim-minhaaa ‘aw mislihaa.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.

107.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha lahuu mulkus-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa maa lakum- min- duu-nillaahi  minw-waliyyinw-wa laa  nasiir.



Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin – (Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate) there are two words considerable in this sentence:

  • ‘aa-yat (literal meanings are sign and token) and many things are aimed from it like miracles which have sign of the Power of God Almighty and prophet hood of the Prophet, Command and order of The Lord Almighty, and the verses of the Holy Qur’an (round signs) etc.


  • Nansakh (We abrogate) to order in place of the previous order which may be better than that or the like thereof, to finish the first order and bring (in place) one better or alike. As far as there is concern to change the miracle, in that case it is a common thing that the God Almighty may abrogate one miracle and may bring one better or alike to which He considers better according to the change of time. As far as there is concern about the other meanings, in it two additional matters come out: One is the verses of previous Heavenly Books and the second is the verses of Holy Qur’an itself. Abrogation of the previous Heavenly Books after revelation of the Holy Qur’an is then quite openly matter.


The signs of the verses of Holy Qur’an (round signs) have been applied later on. In the beginning these signs did not exist. So the question regarding abrogation of these signs does not grow. Moreover it seems the right saying, “Aim regarding abrogation of the verses is that the new Commands and Orders of God Almighty have been revealed in the Holy Qur’an in place of His previous Orders and Commands mentioned in His Old Heavenly Books Torah and Gospel), and these Commands abrogate the old Orders.



BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Questioning The Messenger

(Glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him)

Verse –108 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


Or would ye question your Messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime? He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith, verily be hath gone astray from a right path. ‘Am turiiduuna  ‘an- tas-‘aluu  Rasuulakum  kamaa  su- ‘ila  Muusaa  min-  qabl.   Wa  many-‘yatabaddalil-kufra  bil-‘iimaani  faqad zalla sawaaa-‘assabiil.



We have studied about abrogation of the verses in the last lesson that The God Almighty ‘Such of His Revelation as He abrogates or causes to be forgotten, but He brings (in place) one better or the like thereof’. It is proved in the light of events/incidents and history that whenever any Heavenly Book was caused to be forgotten or abrogated then one better or the like thereof was revealed in place of it and the Servants of The God Almighty were not disappointed from the Guidance of Allah Almighty.


Now one famous matter is being illuminated in this verse that is the guidance about asking questions from the Messenger Merciful Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). The children of Israel used to try the production of various sort of doubts in the hearts of Muslims about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) and The Holy Qur’an, and said them to ask replies from the Prophet of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) to clear their doubts. Actually they had aimed that if the Muslims do not accept their religion then they at the very least will become suspicious from their own religion and Islamic teachings. Some Muslims used to ask unreasonable questions from the Last Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) unknowing the conspiracy and plan of the children of Israel. The God Almighty prohibited them from this thing.


There is also another purpose of prohibition to ask questions from the Prophet of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Due to questioning over and over it becomes cause in increasing the difficulties and restrictions over oneself by the human beings. Easy commands become difficult. In the matters in which a person had freedom, after the revelation of orders that person has been restricted. It all was happened with the children of Israel. For instance story of the Cow exists in front of us.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Envy Of The People Of The Scripture

Verse –109 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  – 1)


Many of the People of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command. Lo! Allah is able to do all things. Wadda kasiirum-min  ‘Ah-lil-Kitaabi  law  yarudduuna- kum- mim- ba’-di ‘iimaanikum  kuf-faaraa.  Hasadam-min ‘indi ‘an-fusihim-mim- ba’-di maa tabay-yana  lahumul-Haqq.  Fa’-fuu was-fahuu  hattaa  ya’-tiyallaahu bi-‘amrih.   ‘Innal-laaha ‘alaa  kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.




The behaviour of disbelievers and children of Israel has been discussed in the last lesson that they had used to ask questions from their Prophets (peace be upon Them) again and again. At last they chose the way of infidelity leaving the belief due to their false manners. Now the Muslims are being warned that they have long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth has become manifest unto them. Cause of this passion into the Infidels and the children of Israel is that they have hearty envy and malice against Islam and Muslims.


Envy means to pine/enrage in the heart looking someone’s any goodness, success, excellence, beauty and quality. And wish to rob from him, it should become of mine. He (the envious) not only does the enmity with someone but in fact he criticizes the Religion of Allah Almighty. And without any reason he envies in his heart. None can get something from envy. However morality of him is enraged unavoidable. And his belief becomes deficient.


Allah Almighty Commanded, “Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command”, wait till the time they might not reach at the last stage of enmity, and controversy is not firmed.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Store For The Doomsday

Verse –110 of 286, Section – 13 (Part Three-Fourth) (Part  – 1)


And establish worship, and pay the poor-due. And whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do. Wa  ‘aqiimus-Salaata  wa ‘aatuz-Zakaah.  Wa maa  tuqad-dimuu  li-‘anfusikum-min khay-rin- taji-duuhu  ‘indallaah.  ‘In-nallaaha bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir.




As you have already studied that the main cause of not accepting the Islam by the children of Israel was their envy. They were burning that why the prophet hood has been bestowed to the children of Ishmael snatching from the children of Israel. They were refusing to admit the Just only due to the fire of envy and jealousy.


They also wanted to include the Muslims with their disbeliever companions after leaving their religion Islam. So they used to try for growing different types of suspicious thoughts in their hearts. They used to criticize the religion Islam and personality of the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) . They imagined that if the Muslims will not leave their religion then at the very least them will become suspicious certainly from their religion side. So hence the religion Islam will become weak.


Allah Almighty commanded the Muslims to resist the attack and remove the try of the children of Israel that they must not attend to them. Moreover, wait for the proclamation of the last command Jihad (to try and strive) of God Almighty and during this period be frozen on two basic principles. (1)  Establish the prayer. (2)  Pay the poor-due. These two principles are like two main pillars due to which the power of both (individual as well as the nation) increases and that can not be rebelled from the religion.


Besides other unlimited advantages organization of the nation becomes powerful due to establish the prayer. Relationship between the persons themselves becomes profound. And they remain united for each other. The wealth is divided with the poor-due. The poor becomes rich and they can not be changed due to greed and cause of their financial weakness.


It has also been told that if you will continue this good act then you will get reward from your Lord Almighty because He witnesses your each act. Even a little try of any person does not become fruitless.


So to escape ourselves from the conspiracies and attacks of the enemies we should catch with firmness these two principles.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Who Deserves The Paradise

Verse –111 & 112 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


111.  And they say: None entereth Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.

112.     Nay, but whosoever  surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.

111.   Wa qaaluu lany-yad-khu-lal-jannata  ’illaa man- kaana Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa. Tilka ‘amaaniyyu-hum Qul haatuu burhaanakum ‘in-kuntum saadiqiin.

112.   Balaa man  ‘aslama wajha-huu lillaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahuuu ‘ajruhuu  ‘inda Rabbih; wa laa khawfun  ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanuun.




Amaaniyyu-hum: (their desires) It is plural of Amniah which means desire.


wajha-huu: (his own face) literal meanings of wajhi are face or mouth but often in sentence its meanings are body or person. Here it aims towards these meanings.


The worst depravity of all the previous nations and ancient religious people is that they destroyed the truth making separate groups between themselves which in fact was just one and was bestowed to all equally. Now each group falsifies the other and just imagines itself only the heir of truth. Children of Israel were also involved in this depravity and they thought that the truth is held only with them, only they will proceed to the Heaven. The Holy Qur’an commanded that these are their self made stories and liar desires. They should produce if they have any proof.


Now Holy Qur’an has been revealed so that all the groups may be gathered on this common truth. Piety is only in becoming sincere to Allah Almighty and doing good deeds. None of the groups can claim that she is true and other all are liars. God Almighty Commands that the person who will obey the orders of Allah Almighty and will choose the path of goodness, he will succeed. Doing so neither he will have any grief of his previous life, nor any fear of next happening. It is the sign of Saints of God Almighty’s satisfaction (Servants of Allah Almighty).




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Forming Groups Into Religion

Verse –113 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ. Wa  qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa  ‘alaa shay’;  wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa  laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab.   Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla  qawlihim.   Fal-laahu Yahkumu  baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.





laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ilm  means knowledge of Heavenly Books, and the persons who do not have the knowledge signify towards the Idolaters and followers of each that religion which has no base on any Heavenly Book.


Baynahum – (between them) it is meant those two groups out of them one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.


All the people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the teachings and truth bestowed by the Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance while the children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of the God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) they began to say them Infidels, although these both groups recite the Books bestowed by the God Almighty.


The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Book but they have made themselves these faiths that they are on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the Arabia and other Infidels are included in these people.


The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the orders of Allah Almighty and to do the good acts. That person will be on the straight path who acts upon these two principles.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Persons Who Ruin The Mosques

Verse –114 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom. Wa man  ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidallaahi  ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuhuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin.  Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.




Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place where prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. Masjid is derived from the word Sajdah that means ‘Prostration’, to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground. As per sayings by one of the Scholars it means the Inviolable Place of Worship, the temple of Makkah (Masjid-i-Haraam).


For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:


•        The Christians waged a war against the children of Israel, burnt the Holy Book Torah and ruined the Temple and city of Jerusalem.


•        The Infidels of Makkah stopped the Muslims to visit the House of Ka’-ba (the temple of Makkah) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaibiah only due to their envy.

It had become the limit of religious envious and forming the groups in the religion of the people of the Scripture that respect for places of worship of the other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and stopped the people of other groups to enter into their places of worship. Moreover they all claim that they believe on One God.


The religious scholars told that as the places of worship populate with the prayers, it will be supposed destruction of the mosques due to bad deeds and talks. Besides this all those things which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. So we should abstain from those things due to which the gaiety of the mosques lessens and the people stop to come in the mosques.


Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, tremble their hearts due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities so they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will get awful doom in the Day of Resurrection.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Allah’s Countenance Is On Each Side

Verse –115 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah’s Countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing. Wa  lillaahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib;  Fa-‘aynamaa tu-walluu fa-samma waj-hul-laah.  ‘Innallaaha  waasi-‘un ‘Aliim.



Waj-hu – literally it means Face. Its other meanings are body, person, kind, nature. So it aims that on which side you will turn the God Almighty exists there. Wherever you will go you will find Allah there. The East and the West, the North and the South all belong to Allah Almighty.


During the times of Ignorance the people had faith, “Allah Almighty is also in the detention of Time and place, so we would have to turn our bodies towards that particular side”. They used to suppose that direction themselves and after turning their faces to that side they used to do worship. There was also dispute on this matter between the children of Israel and the Christians themselves. Each religious group had fixed a direction and they meditated this direction better.


The Holy Qur’an refuted this false belief of theirs and commanded that the Allah Almighty is neither limited in any enclosure of the particular place of worship nor He is imprisoned in any place or direction, but wherever He will be called with purity and sincerity He will be attentive. He does not belong particularly to any particular place, particular city or particular direction.


God Almighty neither only likes the East and nor only the West but all the directions are of Him. He has already surrounded the entire Universe. He is unlimited. He is present everywhere. So turning on which place and on which side He will be called with sincerity, He shall be attentive. He knows very well that who calls Him with the true heart and who calls Him only to show the others.


One Revelation Grace of this verse is narrated as that because it is difficult for the traveler and the rider to know the direction of the Temple of Makkah, so for that time it has been commanded that turning on which direction you will do worship, that will be accepted because God Almighty is masterly present on each direction and each place. Accordingly this is the matter that if you do not know the correct direction of the Temple of Makkah, you should offer prayer turning to that side to which your heart witnesses. And if you are riding on any conveyance and direction of conveyance changes, you would have to continue and complete your temporary prayer.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Allah Hath No Children Of Him

Verse –116 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him. Wa qaalutta  -khazallaahu  waladan, Subhaanah.  Bal-lahuu  maa fis-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Kullul-lahuu  qaanituun.



In the last verse it was discussed that the concept of children of Israel and the Christians is false about likeness of a particular direction by the God Almighty, “so we should turn to that particular direction for turning towards Him”. Allah Almighty refuted it and commanded that He is not bound in any side or boundary of the place of worship. But He is the Master of the entire Universe and there are no limitations for Him, so you can turn your faces and bodies to any side for His worship. He will be attentive towards you.


Itta  -khaza – (has, have, make, catch, to choose, to elect, to fix upon, to assume, to adopt) translation of all the words is understood as the same.

Qaanituun – (subservient, loyal, servant) Singular to this word is Qaanat which means the person who obeys the order, obedient. The word Qanuut is derived from it. Benediction of the Witr prayer is called the Qanuut prayer because there is complete obeying and obedience of Allah Almighty in it.


The Christians had another false belief that God Almighty has adopted as His son to the Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) (I seek shelter in Allah from this thought). This faith of theirs’ is the worst kind of plurality in God Almighty. Allah Almighty commands that He is Pure and Sacred from their all these types of false talks of plurality. He has no child. He is One. He is Master of the entire Universe. All that is present in the earth and skies is obedient of His Order. His Emperor is everywhere. His relation with the creature is that the entire universe, demons and the human beings are worshipers and obedient to Him. He is the Worshiped and God of all. All the things in the universe have bent their heads in front of His Order. It is also the human beings’ excellence to bend their heads in front of Him and not to obey anyone else except Him.


Muslim nation is Flag -holder of Oneness of God and she preaches the faith that infidelity (i.e. ascribing plurality) to Allah is the greatest sin. We should avoid from it and we should believe on the Unity of God by heart.




Be! And It Is

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –117 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


The Originator of the heavens and the earth! And when He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! And it is. Badii-‘us-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa  ‘izaa qazaaa ‘amran- fa- ‘innamaa yaquulu lahuu  “KUN”  fayakuun.



Badii-‘un – (The Originator without matter and without model/sample). This word has made from the word bada’. The word abdaa’a has also come out from it. That is meant to make anything without matter and without looking any sample/model. Badii’ means An Inventor, Artificer, Artist and Artisan Who is really and truly Originator and Inventor, Who does neither need any tool or instrument, nor any material or goods, nor He is Indigent of model and nor any Instructor/teacher. He may originate/invent every thing wishing either it has its body or sample earlier or not. He may create, originate or invent any thing, any time and any where. He is The Creator of the entire universe, earth and skies.


False faiths and beliefs of the Idolater and Infidel nations have been rejected in this verse. . They imagined that the matter was already in existence prior to becoming it in any shape. Only the God Almighty originated the universe after forming it in an order.


By telling His attribute Badii, Allah Almighty has commanded here that only His essence is ancient eternal and infinite. He has invented all the existence of whose there was no pattern already existing. He has given shape to the disruption of heaven, earth and everything in the universe. For Him it is very easy to create every thing from the very beginning without any pattern and matter.


“KUN” fayakuun – (Be! And it is) to create and invent the universe Allah Almighty has no need of any reason, cause, means, ground and support, just His order and sign is enough. This same reality has been explained in this short sentence.


It is known from this verse that only Allah is The Ancient. There was a time when only He was Being and nothing else existed. Only He created every thing with His Intention. Neither He has felt need of any partner nor helper. Only He is Who gives new shapes/forms to all things. It is wrong faith of materialists that The God Almighty is indigent of any one or He has need of anyone else.





Evident Proofs

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Verse –118 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah speak unto us, or some sign come unto us? Even thus, as they now speak, spoke those (who were) before them. Their hearts are all alike. We have made clear the Revelations for people who are sure. Wa qaalal-laziina laa ya’-lamuuna law-laa  yukallimu-nallaahu ‘aw ta’-tiinaaa  ‘Aa-yah. Kazaalika qaalal-laziina min-qablihim – misla  qawlihim.  Tashaabahat quluubuhum. Qad bayyannal-‘aayaati  li-qawminy-yuuqinuun.




Al-laziina laa ya’-lamuuna – (those who have no knowledge) it is meant that the persons who are deprived from actual religious knowledge. This verse signifies towards particularly the Infidels/Idolaters.


laa  yukallimu-na – (does not speak with us) it means that why The God Almighty does not speak with them directly without inter-relation of the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon Them).


‘Aa-yah – (sign, a verse of the Holy Qur’an) this word has also come as for the “Miracle” in the Holy Qur’an. Here it also aims ‘the Miracle’.


Infidels and idolaters of Makkah claimed the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if Allah Almighty talks to the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon Them) then why He not talks direct to us. Or why He not sends any strange sign (miracle) for support and authentication of the Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that looking it we admit automatically about the truth of Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


Allah Almighty commands that the people before them also said like these things. Standard of sense, spiritual and moral of those people was very low and of these people is also very low. Since hearts of the both are same in not having prudence and gratefulness.


Replying them for these orders Allah Almighty says, “you have demanded just one miracle, I have already sent many clear miracles, for instance truth, trust, honesty and wisdom of the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), there is No example of Holy Qur’an from any aspect, your Helplessness in reply to it, Journey of the Last Prophet of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for Ascension and change of the Moon in two pieces”.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Responsibility Of The Prophet

(peace be upon Him)

Verse –119 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a bringer of glad-tidings and a warner; and thou wilt not be asked about the owners of Hell-fire. ‘Innaaa ‘arsalnaaka bil-haqqi bashiiranw-wa naziiranw,-wa laa tus-‘alu ‘an ‘As-haabil-Jahiim.




Bil-haqqi – (with the truth) it means that You have been sent to Guide the human beings towards the Truth. It also means that ‘You always speak the true speeches, provide evident proofs and clear stabilities.


Bashiirun – (a bringer of glad-tidings) that is to say the persons who believe and follow the Orders and Instructions of God Almighty and His Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) “You bring for them glad-tidings of happiness and betterment in this world and Hereinafter in exchange of their good deeds”.


Naziirun – (The Warner) namely those people who deny and violate “You warn them from their bad results of evil-doing during their present lives and the Day of Resurrection”. These two characteristics of the Last Messenger, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) are very important.


The Infidels and the Idolaters had doubts about Prophet-hood of the Messenger of Allah Almighty and truth of the Holy Qur’an and argued that if The God Almighty can talk with this Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) then we are also mankind, why does He not talk with us? Or why does He not bestow Him (Muhammad) (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) a great miracle due to which the Prophet-hood and Truth may be proved automatically?


Replying to their criticism the God Almighty commanded, “Do you ask for one miracle? We have bestowed many miracles to Our Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), but only those persons will believe Him (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who are truly desirous of the Truth whole heartedly, believe the Truth and those people will not believe whose point of view is only to produce the doubts.


Allah Almighty has commanded His Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) , “We have sent You with the True Religion, the people who will follow You, they are Believers, for them You are bringer of glad-tidings for their good acts, however who will not follow You, they are Infidels, they will be thrown into the Hell-fire, You are Warner for them for their bad result. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey the Message of God Almighty. He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is not responsible to make Muslim to the Infidels and Idolaters.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Desire Of The Jews And The Christians

Verse –120 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  – 1)


And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! The Guidance of Allah is the Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting friend nor helper. Wa lan- tarzaa  ‘ankal- Yahuudu wa lan-Nasaaraa hattaa tattabi-‘a  millatahum.  Qul ‘inna Hudal-laahi huwal-Hudaa.  Wa la-‘init-taba’-ta  ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum ba’-dallazii jaaa-‘aka minal-‘ilmi, maa laka minallaahi minw-waliyyinw-wa laa nasiir.




Millatahum – (their creed, religion, faith, routine, practice, way).


‘Ahwaaa-‘ahum – (their desires, wishes) ‘Ahwaaa means those thoughts and opinions foundation of which has not laid on the knowledge or reality but on sensual wishes.


The children of Israel and the Christians were so envious that the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) wishing behave them how much with sympathy or show favour, they never used to listen and believe His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) talk/speech. They only might be pleased when the last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) accepts/admits their religion.


God Almighty commands that the true religion and real way of guidance is only that which He has revealed on His Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that is to say worship of God Almighty and good acts. As much as the groups have been raised separately, they all have been produced by human astray. The persons, who will leave the straight path intentionally, will be punished rigorously and will not find any protecting friend or helper of them.


Two things have been cleared entirely from this verse:


•        The religion of the people of The Scripture has been changed as much that there is nothing remained except their desires and false wishes.

•        The real path is that which has been cleared well by the God Almighty through His Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the human beings.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Support In The Former Scriptures

Verse –121 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading. Those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers. ‘Allaziina  ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba  yatluunahuu  haqqa tilaawatih.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ika yu’-minuuna bih.  Wa many-yakfur bihii fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-khaasiruun.




Haqqa tilaawatih – (with the right reading) tilaawat means reading. Word tuloo is its matter. Literal meaning of this word is ‘to follow’. So this sentence aims that those people who read the Scripture of God Almighty with the right reading. That is to say they also act upon it, they follow the instructions guided in it and they do not decrease or increase in it.


‘Allaziina  ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba – (Those people to whom We have given the Scripture) it signifies towards the children of Israel and the Christians.


Result of making groups in the religion was mentioned in the last verse namely soul of following the teachings of the groups is in action in place of truth-loving and looking the reality. The people do not imagine about a person’s belief and deeds. They only see that the person either belongs to their group or not. While the sense of people becomes so then it is clear that the arguments and proofs can not produce effects. All the proofs become useless for those people desiring how much true and real facts are produced.


It has been mentioned in today’s lesson that if the people of the Scriptures adopt honesty and friendship/sincerity leaving anger, sensual-ness and stubbornness, and recite their Holly Books whole heartedly then they might be convinced on the truth of Holy Qur’an and the Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), and will believe the Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


The people who change and distort their Holy Books and don’t be attentive with good intentions, they would never be convinced on truth of Holy Qur’an. They are involved in anger, stubbornness, sensual desires and group making. If this were done by them then they will remain involved in infidelity forever. They will use to reject the truth continuously. Resultantly they will suffer loss in this world and will be ruined on the Day of Resurrection.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Hold on the Day of Resurrection

Verse –122 & 123 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


122.   O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.

123.   And guard (yourselves) against a Day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be helped.


122.    Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-matiyallatiii ‘an-‘am-tu ‘alaykum wa ‘annii fazzaltukum ‘alal-‘aalamiin.

123.    Wattaquu Yawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa ‘adlunwa-wa laa tanfa-‘uhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa hum yunsaruun.




We have learnt the lessons on these both verses in lesson #55 and 60 (verse – 40 & 47). Recitation about the children of Israel had been commenced from there and till now their scientific doctrinal and practical weaknesses are being explained. They have also been invited towards the Straight Path that is to say Islam. It has been proved through clear and bright evidences that the Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is on the Truth, a true Prophet, and it is necessary for every person to believe Him (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and remain steadfast on His teachings. The children of Israel were also instructed to adopt the straight path of Allah Almighty leaving anger, opposition, making religious groups between them and stubbornness.


Now they are being reminded again for those things and notifying consequences of the Day of Resurrection. In this world a person can escape by the help of any other person, reward or penalty and by recommendations or power/emphasis. But to Allah Almighty nothing will be helpful out of these things. Just each person’s own acts and deeds will be helpful there. Tributes, fines, recommendations, friendship or anyone else’s help will become useless on the Doomsday.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Leadership Of The Abraham (peace be upon Him)

Verse –124a of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them. He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers. Wa ‘izibtalaaa ‘Ibraahii-ma Rabbuhuu bi-Kalmaatin,  fa- ‘atammahunn. Qaala  ‘Innii  jaa- ‘iluka lin-naasi  ‘Imaamaa.  Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.




Ibraahii-ma: (Abraham) every person knows about the name of this great respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him). He was most glorious grandfather of our Prophet, the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).  His native land was Babel and His father’s name was Aazar.  Out of His children two races were grown, one from the children of Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Him) and the other from the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him). The Prophets from the first race/series are called Israeli Prophets (peace be upon Them), for example Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him), Prophet David (peace be upon Him), Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him). From the second family there was our Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is called the grandfather of the Prophets (peace be upon Them). Besides the Muslims all others like the children of Israel and Christians respect Him.


Izibtalaaa: (when tried/examined) this word is derived from Baleehi. Its meanings are calamity, testing and trouble. Allah Almighty examined this Prophet of Him (peace be upon Him) with many aspects. For example, Sculptor and Idolater father threatened to let Him get out from his home, His nation frightened to banish from the Country and the King put Him into fire but He didn’t abstain from Islam and remained steadfast on the right path. Then God Almighty commanded to leave His wife and child in the forest and to sacrifice His child also. He obeyed all these orders too. Besides these trials He was tried by some more tests and He succeeded in all.


Imaama: (a leader, a spiritual guide) this leadership of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was not only for spiritual and religious guidance but Allah Almighty blessed Him with betterment in politics also. He (peace be upon Him) became a real leader and priest in His times. The People accepted His leadership.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Heritance Of Leadership/Guidance

Verse –124b of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


(Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers. Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.




Zurriyyatii – (my offspring, my children, my generation) the word zurriyyatun has very vast meanings. That is to say in it children, children of the children and so on all are included. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) had two sons, Prophet Ishmael and Prophet Isaac (peace be upon them). Race of these two Prophets (peace be upon them) became zurriyyatun of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). The God Almighty blessed very much to this dynasty. Countless Prophets (peace be upon Them) were born in this family.


The children of Israel were very proud of their racial superiority. They used to say that they belonged to the race of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and it was written in the Torah that God Almighty have blessed and favoured them. It has been cleared through this verse that:


•        The children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) are also included in this racial superiority and pride, blessings and favours.


•        The covenant of the God Almighty was only for the persons who had good characters not for those who were of bad characters. Those people who have lost the felicity of belief and good deeds, for them racial superiority can not become reason of distinction.


After straying the ancient nations the God Almighty is laying foundation of the nation (the followers) of His Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the rank of leadership and guidance. So it was necessary that significant history of arising invitation of Holy Qur’an be mentioned.


The glorious and respectable Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was tried with many different methods by the God Almighty. He (peace be upon Him) was put in test, trouble and calamity but He (peace be upon Him) succeeded in all the examinations, never left patience and firmness. Due to result of this success the God Almighty appointed Him (peace be upon Him) as leader for guidance of the people. The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) asked about His children (offspring) that “will they be also leaders”? The God Almighty commanded that “My covenant does not include the wrongdoers”. That is to say this rank will be bestowed to your race but with the condition that while they will not be cruel, disobedient and violent. If they adopted this path then this rank “leadership” will be snatched from them.


During a long period the leadership remained in the race of Prophet Abraham’s one son’s children i.e. the children of Israel who was son of Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). While they went astray, they did not pay the Right then this leadership was handed over to the Last Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who was from the children of Prophet Ishmael, the second son of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them). Now it is responsibility of the Muslims to prove themselves that they are able to hold this rank “leadership”.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Importance Of Ka’ba And Customs Of Pilgrimage

Verse –125 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


And when We made the House (at Makkah) a resort for mankind and Sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My House for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship). Wa ‘iz ja-‘alnal-Bayta masaabatal-Linnaasi wa  ‘am-naa.  Wattakhizuu mim-Ma-qaami  ‘Ibraahiima musallaa.  Wa ‘ahidnaa ‘ilaaa  ‘Ibraa-hiima wa  ‘Ismaa-iila  ‘an- tahhiraa Baytiya  littaaa-‘ifiina wal-‘aa-kifiina war-rukka-is-sujuud.




Al-Bayta – {the House (at Makkah)} literal meaning of Bayt is ‘House’. Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam  (a Sacred House of God Almighty i.e. Ka’bah). This Square Building is in Makkah, the Respected place. It is the oldest place for worship of God Almighty on the earth. The Holy Qur’an has also proclaimed that it is the first and the oldest place for worship. It is also called Khana Ka’ba, Bayt Ullah and Qibla.

Masaabatan – (a resort, a place for assembly/gathering) this word is derived from suub that means to return towards its original form. So masaabatan means the place towards which the mankind inclines over and over and never feels discomfort coming back again and again. It is the virtue of Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam that the people come in again and again for Hajj (Pilgrimage) and they do not be weary of it.


Linnaasi – (for mankind) it signifies towards common people who come for pilgrimage. The persons from each part of the world, each country and territory assemble around Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam each year for Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage).


‘Am-naa – (Sanctuary, sacred and protected place) the Building of Ka’ba and its all surrounding area which has been included in Haram, killing any person or hunting any living creature is totally prohibited. Before Islam the killers and criminals used to take shelter between the walls of Khana Ka’ba.


Ma-qaami  ‘Ibraahiima – (the place where Abraham stood to pray and build the building of Khana Ka’ba). This stone has been saved in a small chamber a little distance away from the building of Khana Ka’ba. After the completion of seven rounds around the Khana Ka’ba during pilgrimage, two rak’at prayers are offered in front of this chamber. This virtue has much future reward.


Musallaa – (place of worship) in Arabic language all those places will be called musallaa where the prayers may be offered.


‘Ahidnaa – (We imposed a duty).


‘Ismaa-iila – (Ishmael) He was the elder son of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them). He had twelve sons and from them twelve races were grown. The famous tribe of Arab “Quraish” is from His (peace be upon Him) race. He is one of the Forefathers of Last Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). Duty for building the Khana Ka’ba was imposed to Him and His father Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).


Tahhiraa – (Purify) this word is derived from Tahaarat that means cleanliness. It includes meaningful cleanliness also besides outward cleanliness, that is to say purify the Khana Ka’ba from un-cleanliness of infidelity and plurality.


Baytiya – (My House) Allah Almighty has called the Khana Ka’ba saying My House. It is intended to disclose the greatness and grandeur of the Khana Ka’ba.


Ittaaa-‘ifiina – (who go around) at the time of pilgrimage it is the duty to revolve around the House of God Almighty i.e. Khana Ka’ba. It was proclaimed about Oneness of God first of all in the Khana Ka’ba. So revolving around it is like promise with tongue that central spot of our entire lives, all the acts and worships is only the Oneness of God Almighty.


‘Aa-kifiina – (who meditate therein) To necessitate staying at any place for reverence. According to the Divines phrase Ai’-tikaaf means to stay in the mosque for the purpose of worship for a particular period. Ai’-tikaaf is practice of the Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the last ten days of the Month of Ramadhan.


It is the beginning about talk of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) so that it may be proved to the children of Israel, “What were the teachings of Him (peace be upon Him) to whom they accept their forefather and are proud on it?” Then it may also be noted that the God Almighty commanded this glorious and respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him), “You will be made Leader of the people due to your sacrifices but this rank and honour will not be bestowed to evil doers from your race”. Because the children of Israel have left the straight and actual path so snatching from them this honour is being bestowed to the second branch of the Prophet Abraham’s children i.e. children of Ishmael (peace be upon Them).




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Makkah – A Region Of Security

Verse –126 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of security and bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day. He answered: And as for him who disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the doom of Fire—a hapless journey’s end! Wa ‘iz qaala ‘Ibraahiimu Rabbij-‘al haazaa Baladan ‘Aaminanw – warzuq ‘ahlahuu minas-samaraati man ‘aamana minhum, billaahi wal-Yawmil- ‘Aakhir.  Qaala wa man-kafara fa-‘umatti-‘uhuu qaliilan- summa ‘aztarruhuuu  ‘ilaa  ‘azaabin-Naar. Wa bi’-sal-masiir.




Qaliilan – (for a while, a few days) it is meant the life of this world. Because comparing to the Doomsday the life of this world is like ‘for a while’.


Fa-‘umatti-‘uhuu – (I shall leave him in contentment, I shall do well to him also) this word is derived from Mataa’, that means Goods, valuables.


While the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) completed the construction work of the Temple of Makkah, Ka’ba then He (peace be upon Him) prayed from God Almighty as under:


•        Make this (Building, Its City and Its Surroundings) a Region of Security


•        Bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day.


His both the prayers were approved. So the Building of Ka’ba and its all surrounding area which has been included in Haram, killing any person or hunting any living creature is totally prohibited. Before Islam the killers and criminals used to take shelter between the walls of Khana Ka’ba. Although all the land is stony and sandy but fresh and dry fruit, vegetables and grains are available here each time abundantly.


The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was told that the cruel and evildoers will be disappointed from the rank of Leadership. He (peace be upon Him) remembered this order and at the time of prayer for bestowing grains and fruit, prayed only for the Believers. The God Almighty commanded, “Religious Leadership is specified only for the Believers and the Obedient. However the disbelievers and Infidels will also be not forfeited from worldly lives. But they will get these things for a short period only during their lifetime. After death on the Day of Resurrection they will be thrown into the Hell-Fire as punishment of their disobedience, which is very bad abode.







BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prayer For The Muslim Nation (Ummah)

Verse –127 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


127.  And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House, (Abraham and Ishmael prayed): Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty) Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower.

128.  Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.

127.  Wa ‘iz yarfa-‘u ‘Ibraa-hiimul-qawaa-‘ida minal-Bayti wa ‘Ismaa-‘iil.  Rabbanaa ta-qabbal minnaa ‘Innaka ‘An-tas-Samii-‘ul-‘Aliim.

128.  Rabbanaa waj-‘alnaa Muslimayni laka wa min-zur-riyyatinaaa    ‘Ummatam-Mus-limatal-lak; wa ‘arinaa ma-naasikanaa wa tub ‘alaynaa ‘Innaka ‘Antat-Tawwaabur-Rahiim.




Yarfa-‘u – (were raising) foundation of the Building of Ka’-ba had been laid by the Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) during His era. This building had ended after being infirm. So now it was being raised again from the beginning. The word yarfa-‘u has been derived from the word rafa-’a. It is used in the meanings of to elevate, to raise and lift up etc.


Muslimayni – (Obedients) it aims toward two meanings.


•        The Believers of the Oneness of God Almighty.


•        Those persons who remain bound in the common instructions and orders of Islam.


The Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) were already Muslims also at that time. Aim of this prayer was “increase our obedience and keep us firm”. Its singular is Muslim. Islam is also from its matter. The literal meanings of Muslim are ‘well wisher, security provider, submissive and obedient.


‘Ummatam-Mus-limatan – (Submissive group/class) ‘Ummat means group and class. Mus-limah means submissive, obedient. It may be applied completely and only on the nation of Last Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


Ma-naasikanaa – (our ways of worship to perform Pilgrimage) it means the religious methods particularly performing Hajj. These are also called the customs of Hajj.


While the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) were raising the foundations of the Ka’-ba, alongside they were praying, “Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty) Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower. Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful”.







BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Four Characteristics Of The Last Messenger

(Glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)

Verse –129 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  – 1)


Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a Messenger from among them who shall recite unto them Thy Revelations, and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in Wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise. Rabbanaa wab-‘as fiihim Rasuulam-minhum  yatluu  ‘alayhim  ‘Aayaatika wa yu-‘allimuhumul- Kitaaba  wal-Hikmata wa yuzakkiihim  ‘Innaka  ‘Antal-‘Aziizul-Hakiim.




Minhum – (from among them) the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) are praying collectively, “O our Lord! Produce a Submissive group/class out of the race from both of us and also raise up a Messenger from among them. It is evident clearly that it signifies towards the race out of the Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him). The God Almighty accepted their prayer and the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was born out of the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him).


Yatluu  ‘alayhim  ‘Aayaatika – (He shall recite unto them Thy Revelations). The first work of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is recitation of verses of Holy Qur’an in front of His nation. That is to say ‘to convey and teach the Speech of Allah Almighty. As though, His first status/position is the Greatest Preacher.


Yu-‘allimuhumul- Kitaaba – (He shall instruct them in the Scripture, teach them The Book) the work of Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) does not end only on preaching and conveying, It is also His duty to teach the Holy Book of God Almighty after preaching and conveying. As it were, His second status/position is the Greatest Teacher.


Al-Hikmata – (Talks of Wisdom) Third work of the Prophet of God Almighty is to teach wisdom and philosophy, to admonish orders and matters relating Holy Qur’an, to teach etiquettes, to tell the solution of various and complicated matters regarding the life in Its light as though, His third status is the greatest religious and spiritual Guide.


Yuzakkiihim – (He shall make them grow, shall purify them) Tazkiah means the purification of the hearts. Fourth work of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is to produce chastity of morality and sincerity of intentions with His company and training. That is to say, He is the greatest Antidote and Reformer.


The Prophet Abraham and His son Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Them) used to pray from Allah Almighty during the construction of Khana Ka’-ba, “O Our Lord! Produce a Submissive nation from our race, raise up a Messenger from among them, He would have four characteristics:


He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) would recite, teach and admonish the Book of Allah to the people, and through It purify the hearts. That is to say, He would be Preacher, Teacher, religious and spiritual Guide, and Reformer”. The Last Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) rose to the situation of all these things.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Religion of Prophet Abraham

(peace be upon Him)

Verse –130 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself? And verily We chose him in the world, and lo! In the Hereafter he is among the righteous. Wa many-yargabu ‘am-Millati ‘Ibraahiima ‘illaa man safiha nafsah. Wa laqadista-faynaahu  fiddunyaa. Wa ‘inna-huu fil-‘Aakhirati laminas-Saalihiin.




Yargabu – (forsake, shake off) this word is derived from the word raghbat, which means ‘to incline to; to turn, to attend to, to favour to. When ‘an comes with this word then meanings become on the contrary to this word that is to say, go opposite to someone or to turn.


In this verse the God Almighty has commanded that religious sect of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is straight on the religion of nature/wisdom. Its teachings interpret the nature of cool-minded. Only that person will oppose it whose nature has not remained moderated and has changed from good to bad.


Religious sect of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is the same religion which is being invited by Islam today. Here religion Islam has been named as the religious sect of Abraham that the children of Israel and Christians are being addressed here, and it is intended to tell them that Holy Qur’an does not invite you to any new religion. You are being invited towards the religion of your own honorable forefather and spiritual guide Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).


The children of Israel and the Christians had not left any stone unturned to invent the self made and false tales about their innocent Prophets (peace bee upon Them). The Holy Qur’an refutes their blames. Wherever the Prophets (peace be upon Them) are mentioned, It (the Holy Qur’an) also mentions their moral and spiritual magnificence.


Here it has been commanded about the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the God Almighty had chosen Him for every kind of blessings of the world due to His belief that the worshipped of Oneness and having faith on Allah Almighty. He was bestowed the honor of Messenger and Prophet. He was fixed as religious and spiritual guide of the people in the world, and surely He will be counted in the good and virtuous people on the Day of Resurrection.


The purpose of mentioning about greatness and magnificence of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is to tell the children of Israel and the Christians that the Prophet whom they admit as the great, glorious and honorable guide, His religion was also Islam, which is being presented by the Last Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). If they take Him as their religious leader then they should accept Islam. This is the only way of their forefathers.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Prophet Abraham Enjoined To His Sons

(peace be upon Them)

Verse –131 & 132 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


131.  When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! He said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.

132.  And the same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion, therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him).

131.  ‘Iz qaala lahuu Rabbu-huuu ‘aslim, qaala ‘aslamtu li-Rabbil- ‘Aalamiin.

132.  Wa wassaa bihaaa  ‘Ibraahiimu  baniihi wa Ya’-quub. Yaa-baniyya  ‘innallaahas-tafaa  lakumud-Diina falaa tamuu-tunna  ‘illaa wa  ‘antum-Muslimuun.




‘Aslim – (Surrender, be obedient) other meanings are ‘Embrace Islam’, that is to say, “Give yourself completely in the charge of One God Almighty”. Accept His entire orders and consider your duty to obey His all the Orders in each matter of your life. Islam is also derived from this word, which has basic meanings ‘to provide peace, to wish well-being and safety, to yield”.


Ya’-quub – (the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) He was grandson of the Prophet Abraham and son of the Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). His surname was the Israel. So His (peace be upon Him) children were named as the children of Israel.


As-tafaa – (has chosen) astafa means to choose, to purify from the adulteration. The word Mus-tafaa has also come out from it, which means ‘chosen, respectable and selected’.


All the people of the Scripture and the Idolaters of Makkah used to claim that they embrace the religion of their Ancestors. They shall remain on it forever. And they shall never embrace any fresh religion. The Holy Qur’an told these people mentioning about The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the Ancestors to whom you believe and of which the religion you claim to follow, They have already instructed their followers/race to follow the religion to which They were following Themselves, that is the religion of the Oneness of God and Islamic nation. So if you admit Them as your religious leaders then know! that Their real religion was the religion to which Holy Qur’an is inviting you. Now you should believe it. Prophet Abraham and Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Them) have advised their children to die obeying Allah Almighty. Time of the death is uncertain. That’s why it means, “remain Muslims always and give place to the Faith in your hearts each time”.








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Worship Of One God – Reply Of Jews

Verse –133 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he said unto his sons: What will ye worship after me? They said: We shall worship thy God, the God of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, One God, and unto Him we have surrendered. ‘Am kuntum shuha-daaa-a’  ‘iz hazara  Ya’-quubal-mawtu,  ‘iz qaala li-baniihi  maa ta’-buduuna mim- ba’dii.  Qaaluu na’-budu ‘Ilaahaka wa ‘Ilaaha  ‘aabaaa-‘ika  ‘Ibraahiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila Wa ‘Ishaaqa  ‘Ilaahanw-Waa-hidaa. Wa nahnu  lahuu Muslimuun.




Hazara  Ya’-quubal-mawtu – (death came to Jacob) it is meant that when the time of death reached near and the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) viewed its signs.


‘Ishaaqa – (Isaac) He was second son of Prophet Abraham and younger brother of Prophet Ishmael. His mother named Sara was the first wife of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).


In this verse the children of Israel are being addressed that, “As you say about your self made talks that these are from our Ancestors and refuse to embrace Islam, Were you present at that time when the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) asked before death from His sons about the Worshipped and they replied that we shall do worship of that Worshipped whose worship was being done by your grandfather the Prophet Abraham, your father’s brother the Prophet Ishmael and your father Prophet Isaac” (peace be upon Them).


Today while the Holy Qur’an is inviting the people of the Scripture towards the same religion, they are turning their faces from it and going astray.


That religion which was adopted by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and towards which the Holy Qur’an is inviting today, that is verily the worship of One God and well-doings. Which individual or nation will turn face from these two basic principles, it will go astray and fell away far from the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), he will be forfeited from getting the Right of Guidance.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Own Good Acts Will Be Useful

Verse –134 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do Tilka ‘ummatun- qad khalat. Lahaa maa kasabat wa lakum- maa kasabtum. Wa laa tus-‘aluuna ‘ammaa kaanuu ya’-maloon.




Tilka ‘ummatun – (Those are a people, a religious sect) it signifies towards the Ancestors of the children of Israel, of whom they used to get names and used to claim as their followers, although this claim of theirs was wrong. These astray, unlucky people had no relation with those great respectable Prophets (peace be upon Them) except their names.


The children of Israel were much proud that they were from the race of Prophets (peace be upon Them). So they had made this false faith themselves that there is no need of personal good acts. It is sufficient for freedom from the Hell being out of the children of the Prophets (peace be upon Them). They thought that the God Almighty transfers the good acts of father towards children with His blessing. Due to this wrong faith they had become careless entirely from doing the good acts, and had involved in all kinds of sins, evildoings and disobedience.


The Holy Qur’an cut the root of their false belief and commanded about the law of God Almighty that each individual and group will get what he has earned himself. Neither the good act of someone reaches the other nor will anyone be answerable for evildoing of the others. Relationship of the Ancestors will neither be useful without one’s personal try and nor freedom can be gotten. There is great lesson for them who have been fallen into the trap of misunderstanding, “Although we have not done good acts, even then the good acts of our Ancestors will be useful for us, and our this world and Hereafter will be arranged”. The Holy Qur’an tells that from good acts of your Ancestors you can not get advantage. You should take care yourself and follow Them. Their lives are roll model of good acts for you. By following them you will be able to do good deeds.


Out of us if any body will be involved in this misunderstanding that greatness of good birth or relation with any pious person may be sufficient for him then he should let this thought to get out from his heart. Only one’s personal deeds will be useful in front of Allah Almighty. All the human beings will be responsible for their duties and responsibilities.







BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Religion Of Abraham

(peace be upon Him)

Verse –135 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters. Wa qaaluu kuunuu Huu-dan ‘aw Nasaaraa tahtaduu. Qul bal Millata ‘Ibraa-hiima Haniifaa. Wa maa kaana minal-mushrikiin.




Millata ‘Ibraa-hiima – (the religion of Abraham) it aims those particular rules and regulations which were issued by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and a society assembled upon these principles.


Haniifaa – (the upright) during the period of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) the people used to worship different things and deemed that their all businesses run through them. The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) invited them towards the worship of one God setting free from all others and adopted one God Himself too giving up all others. So He (peace be upon Him) was given the title of “the Upright”.


The Holy Qur’an refuted all liar beliefs of the Idolaters and the people of the Scripture, proved false their arguments and invited them to accept the Truth with bright and clear proofs. The children of Israel and the Christians must have embraced the true and simple teachings of the Holy Qur’an but instead they chose the path of opposition and violence, and on the contrary they used to invite the Muslims towards the Jewish religion and the Christianity. They used to say the Muslims, “Embrace our religion; you will get success in this world and Hereafter. The God Almighty commanded the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) to reply them from the side of the entire Muslim nation against their invitation, “O the people of the Scripture! You have made uncountable changes in your Books and Divine Laws of your religions and our religion has been established only on that ancient Oneness of God’s religion, which was of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). We are firm on that particular religion and we have not made any change in it”.


Another thing, “With which face do you relate your religion towards the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) while He (peace be upon Him) never did go near the plurality? He had pure belief on Oneness of the God Almighty, whereas your religion has been filled with the filth of pluralities. How may you be the claimers of true religion and freedom?








BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Belief On All The Prophets (peace be upon Them)


Verse –136 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the Prophets received  from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered. Quuluuu ‘aamannaa bil-laahi wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘ilaynaa  wa maa ‘unzila ‘ilaaa ‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Ismaa-iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘as-baati wa maaa ‘uutiya Muusaa wa ‘Iisaa wa maaa ‘uutiyan-nabiyyuuna mir-Rabbihim. Laa nufarriqu bayna ‘ahadim-minhum, wa nahnu lahuu Muslimuun.




Al-‘as-baati – (the children) this word is plural of the word sabt, which means children, that is to say, children of the children (grandsons from forefathers and foremothers). Here it aims towards the race of Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him).


The Muslims are being taught in this verse, “Say: O people of the Scripture! You have fallen in the curses of anger, stubbornness, violence, jealousy, malice and bigotry. You follow some Prophets and falsify some of Them (peace be upon Them). You reserve the prophet-hood with the race and nation. You take greatness due to race for source of freedom, and fix as wrong to all the religions except your own.


We, the Muslims believe that all the Prophets (peace be upon Them) are true, do not disagree to anyone of Them. All the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them), who have come in this world, desiring, they belong to any country, any nation and any era, they all brought the only one Message of Truth. We verify all of Them (peace be upon Them) equally.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Allah Almighty Is Suffice  

Verse –137 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. And if they turn away, then they are in schism, so Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower. Fa-‘in  ‘aamanuu  bi-misli maaa ‘aamantum- bihii faqa-dihta-daw. Wa ‘in- tawallaw fa-‘innamaa hum fii shiqaaq. Fa-sa-yakfiikahumullaah.  Wa Huwas-Samii-ul-‘Aliim.




The Holy Qur’an invited the people of the Scripture to embrace Islam after proving its Truth and being Speech of Allah Almighty, refuted their false beliefs, wrong hopes and desires were determined absurd, and proved from their own arguments that due to which religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) they claim to be firm, its original shape has not remained as it was. Now that ancient religion in its original shape is being presented by the Holy Qur’an. So some how or other, after embracing Islam they should get betterment of the religion and the world.


After hearing these speeches of advice and preaching even then the children of Israel and the Christians remained firm on violence and opposite. Moreover instead of embracing Islam themselves, they used to invite the Muslims to adopt the Jewish religion and the Christianity. What can be more selfishness, impudence and bigotry from it?


Allah Almighty commands in this verse, “(O Messenger! (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) You have completed your duty conveying Our Message to them. Now if they wish their good then they should embrace Islam, they will succeed. We shall forgive their previous sins”. “And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. And if they turn away, then they are in schism”, it is their hard heartedness and violence, and not other than it.  “So Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower”. (You (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) should not be sorrowful due to their anger, bigotry and enmity. We are sufficient for their encounter from your side. We surely hear their entire speeches and We know that which is in their hearts, their inside and outside.


How great and higher glad-tidings is in the last part of this verse for the Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His nation that “So Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them”. With whom be Allah Almighty then what more he will need. If the Lord Merciful becomes Patron of anyone then he does not require any more Supporters.






BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Colors Of Allah Almighty  

Verse –138 & 139 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


138.  (We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than Allah at colouring. And we are His worshippers.

139.  Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with us concerning Allah when He is our Lord and your Lord? Ours are our works and yours your work. And we look to Him alone.

138.  Sibgatallaah. Wa man ‘ahsanu minallaahi sibgah. Wa nahnu lahuu ‘aabiduun.

139.  Qul ‘atu-haaajjuu-nanaa fillaahi wa Huwa Rabbunaa wa Rabbukum. Wa lanaaa ‘a-maa-lunaa wa lakum ‘a-maalukum. Wa nahnu lahuu mukh-lisoon.




Sibgatallaah – (We take our) colour from Allah. It aims “the religion of Allah”. According to usage one word “Qabilnaa” (we embraced) is not found in the proper place, however it is meant that we embraced the religion of God Almighty.


The People of the Scripture (the children of Israel and the Christians) cause their children sit down in the colored water and while a person embraces the religion of Christianity then they sprinkle over him the colored water. That is called “Ista-baagh” means ‘Baptism’. As if, near to them the color of Christianity is taken from water. The real color in fact grows with Faith and Character.


Contrary to above it is commanded that we have taken over the color from God Almighty. The Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) said, “Convey the name of every child’s name in his ear as soon as he bears”. Accordingly after birth the Azaan is recited in his right ear and along with it ‘qad qaama-tis-Salaah’ (twice) i.e. ‘Takbeer’ in the left ear. It is the call for him towards the natural religion. Comparatively custom of cause to sit down in the water is meaningless.


The People of the Scripture are again warned that their thought and faith is entirely wrong, base of which is that they say, “Blessing and Mercy of God Almighty is only for them”. As He is your Lord, He is ours too and which acts we do those are purely for Him. Like you we neither pass our lives sinfully and evildoing considering that the good deeds of your pious persons will be sufficient also for you and nor we take work from bigotry and sensual-ness. Then why our Lord Almighty will not accept our good acts.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Do Not Hide The Testimony  

Verse –140 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do ye know best, or doth Allah? And who is more unjust than he who hideth a testimony which he hath received from Allah? And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do. ‘Am taquuluuna ‘inna ‘Ibraahiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘Asbaata kaanuu Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa.  Qul ‘a-‘antum ‘a’-lamu ‘amillaah. Wa man ‘azlamu mimman-katama shahaadatan ‘indahuu minal-laah. Wa mallaahuu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.




In this verse the Children of Israel and the Christians have been replied for another misunderstanding and self made beliefs. They had thought that their Reverends, the Prophets Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob (peace be upon Them) and Their children were either the followers of Jewish religion or the Christianity, namely (I seek shelter of Allah Almighty) they had also fallen in the sectarian groups.


The God Almighty commands, O the People of the Scripture! You may consider how much you wish after changing the shapes of the Truths and spoiling the happenings but it is the fact that these all Reverend persons and Prophets (peace be upon Them) remained firm on the pure religion of Oneness of God themselves and as well as they established the others to remain on it. It is called Islam. Your knowledge is neither more than the God Almighty and even nor is equal to Him. But your knowledge has no comparison to His knowledge. You use to hide the Truths intentionally. The Holy Books have been revealed near to you, which verify that the religion Islam is Rightful. The Prophets Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob (peace be upon Them) were perfect Believers and the followers of Oneness that is to say Islam. It has also been written in your Books that at the end of the era a Messenger Rightful (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will come. Knowingly you are hiding this Real and True Speech, and who will be crueler than him who hides the rightful talk.


We have known from this verse that it is the greatest sin near to Allah Almighty to hide the Truth and real facts. We should escape ourselves from it.





BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Yours Is That Which You Earn  

Verse –141 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  – 1)


Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that which they earned and yours that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do. Tilka ‘Ummatun-  qad khalat. Lahaa maa kasabat wa la-kum-maa kasabtum. Wa laa tus-‘aluuna ‘ammaa kaanuu ya’-maluun.




We have already learnt this verse in the past and now it is being repeated again to warn the children of Israel and the Christians. Their wrong beliefs have been rejected with the proof of common sense in it.


The People of the Scripture were much pride on it that they are from the race of the Prophets (peace be upon Them), who are extremely Accepted Servants of the God Almighty. So they will not be caught on their sins. Also the good acts of their Reverends will be useful for them and they will be forgiven freely. So they did not feel any particular need to escape themselves from the sins and to incline towards the goodness.


Under the effect of this wrong belief they used to keep right to the sins and the matters against the religion. And they did not use to distinguish between goodness and badness in their daily lives. They also thought that they are on the path on which their reverends were already firm so they have no need to believe on the last Messenger, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).


The God Almighty rendered final null and void to their wrong religious trends and commanded that He knows well about those people who have passed away. They were firm on the foundation of Unity. They were neither the Jews and nor Christians. They were only of Allah Almighty leaving all others.


Their goodness can not be useful for you or any other person. Only that goodness is useful for any person or nation which they earned. Good acts of a person can neither escape the other and nor harm to anyone. So it is stupidity to trust on the acts of others.


When a nation uses to sit down, trusting on the heir of their Reverends and leaving to do good acts, it becomes impossible for that nation to live, to achieve success and betterment. Many nations have been ruined due to this misunderstanding. O Allah Almighty! Keep us on the true religious trends and bestow us strength to do the good acts.




BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Summary Of Lessons From Part – 1  


Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds that we have completed First Part of the Holy Qu’an lesson by lesson with the Mercy and Favors of God Almighty. Now we are going to discuss the summary of all its lessons so that comprehension of the Holy Qur’an may be understood in a few words.


It was stated in the introduction of Surah Baqarah (The Cow) that topic of this Surah is to teach the Muslims which may produce sound character and behavior into them after this learning. Following their religion and morality they may get utmost success and victory of this world and Hereinafter. It was necessary to teach them about pure religion and code of good morality that difference between religions, customs and beliefs be effaced of all the nations and religious sects which are populated in the world, their weaknesses be disclosed and they be taught about the Straight Path.


At first it has been explained about the necessity of inspiration and revelation in the First Part of Holy Qur’an and stated that this Scripture is a revealed Holy Book. The person who will embrace Its teachings and obey its orders, will find the Straight Path and will succeed.


Then it was told that three types of the people will grow in reply to the Holy Qur’an:


•        Those persons who will accept the teachings of Holy Qur’an and will be bound on its orders/instructions. They will get each type of success.

•        Those, who will strictly oppose it and will keep enmity with its Believers, these Infidels will be entitled to heavy agony and anguish.

•        Those people who will belong to above both groups, Muslim in the Muslims and Infidel in the Infidels. They will get painful agony.


Then after advising the Infidels and the Hypocrites their attention is drawn towards the Law of Allah Almighty and have been told that only those persons criticize the Revelation who have three types of diseases into them:


•        Weak faith

•        Feeble nature

•        Mean wisdom


Then it is told that the religion is filled in the nature of mankind. So it is the compulsion of the human being to bow in front of the revelation of God Almighty. Accordingly when the Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) was appointed as Caliph and then was sent on the earth, He (peace be upon Him) remained confused. God Almighty revealed on Him some Words, which became cause of satisfaction of His heart (peace be upon Him).


After then it was enlightened on the necessity of the Holy Qur’an. In this subject three defects of the Jews were narrated:


•        Doctrinal

•        Practical

•        Administrative


And they were informed that they had involved in evildoings and misdeeds, so the Sovereignty was snatched from them. After this, it has been stated that they can not do the work of invitation and command to be mingled with the Muslims too. Under this subject, wrong beliefs and false-loving of their people, scholars and rich men have been mentioned.


Then it has been explained that the children of Israel are not able to become gentle public of the Muslims. So the Muslims have been told to discontinue their relations with them.


After that, memory of the prayer of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), construction of Khana Ka’-ba (the Temple of Makkah), Divine Mission of the last Messenger of God Almighty (Muhammad), His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) morality, good manners, courtesy and Muslim Ummah (nation) has been explained.



Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an has been written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase (Lessons in Urdu) have been taken from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s